About this topic
Summary Ethics is one of the largest fields in contemporary African philosophy. It is a truism to say that it tends to be much more communitarian in focus when compared to Western ethics. The term 'ubuntu' literally means 'humanness'. However, it also sometimes refers to a specific school of ethical thought, of which there are two that dominate. The first is 'personhood' theories which say that morality is primarily a matter of developing one's personhood in a normative sense. This can only be done in the context of community by exercising other-regarding virtues. The second focus on harmony or relationality, claiming that right action is a matter of relating well with others. A large amount of literature has also been devoted to applying these ideas to various topics in applied ethics. 
Key works [BROKEN REFERENCE: WIRPAAw]#GYETAMw #METTAA
Introductions [BROKEN REFERENCE: AUTHw]#GYEAE
Related categories

772 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 772
  1. The Proper Role of Economic Goods in Effecting National Reconciliation: Comparing Colombia and South Africa.Thaddeus Metz - manuscript
    Scholars have compared the transitional justice processes of Colombia and South Africa in some respects, but there has yet to be a systematic moral-philosophical evaluation of them and specifically regarding the way they have sought to allocate economic goods. In this essay, I appraise the ways that South Africa and of Colombia have responded to their respective historical conflicts in respect of the distribution of property, especially land and money, and opportunities such as access to education and job training. I (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Economic Goods and the Communitarian Way of Life.Thaddeus Metz & Nathalia Bautista - manuscript
    The contributions elsewhere in this volume from us, Nathalia Bautista and Thaddeus Metz, address the proper way to respond to gross human rights violations, given a Global South context. Specifically, considering the histories of Colombia and South Africa and some of the values indigenous to those locales, respectively, we advance non-individualist and non-retributive approaches to the social conflicts that had taken place there. Broadly speaking, we both advocate relational and constructive forms of transitional justice that make victim compensation central. According (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Wellbeing in African Thought. Insights for a Global Ethics of Development.Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise Müller & Angela Roothaan (eds.) - forthcoming - Lanham, USA: Rowman and Littlefield.
  4. African Biocomnuinitarianism and Australian Dreamtime.J. Baird Callicott - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence.
  5. Morality, Art, and African Philosophy: A Response to Wiredu.Parker English & Nancy Steele Hamme - forthcoming - African Philosophy: Selected Readings Englewood Cliffs. Nj: Prentice Hall.
  6. African Ethics.Björn Freter - forthcoming - In Björn Freter & Elvis Imafidon (eds.), Handbook of African Philosophy: Key Subject Areas. Dordrecht, New York: Springer.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Prison Reform and Prisoner's Rights in the Light of the New South African Constitution, 1993.G. L. Gordon - forthcoming - Nexus.
  8. Racism: A Challenge to South African Universities.Mma Gray & Aj Bernstein - forthcoming - Theoria.
  9. Breyten Breytenbach and the South African Prison Book.J. U. Jacobs - forthcoming - Theoria.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Ubuntu and Western Monotheism: An Axiological Investigation.Kirk Lougheed - forthcoming - Routledge.
    This book offers a unique comparative study of ubuntu, a dominant ethical theory in African philosophy, and western monotheism. It is the first book to bring ubuntu to bear on the axiology of theism debate in contemporary analytic philosophy of religion. -/- A large motivating force behind this book is to explore the extent to which there is intersubjective ethical agreement and disagreement between ubuntu and Western worldviews like monotheism and naturalism. First, the author assesses the various arguments for anti-theism (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. The Virtues of African Ethics (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Luís Rodrigues (ed.), Key Concepts in African Ethics. Bloomsbury.
    Mildly modified reprint of a chapter originally appearing in The Handbook of Virtue Ethics (2012).
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. African and East Asian Perspectives on Ageing.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Christopher Wareham (ed.), Cambridge Handbook of the Ethics of Ageing. Cambridge University Press.
    After expounding the conceptions of harmony that are central to Confucianism and the sub-Saharan ethic of ubuntu, I apply them to three major topics pertaining to age, namely, virtue, the value of life, and care. Roughly speaking, indigenous East Asian and African values of harmony both entail that only the elderly can be truly virtuous, that the elderly have a strong claim to life-saving resources, and that they are entitled to care from their children, views that I show are not (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. What Africa Can Bring to the World.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Tayeb Chenntouf (ed.), General History of Africa, Volume 9: Global Africa. UNESCO. pp. ch. 22.
    This chapter expounds relational values characteristic of indigenous Africa and considers how they might usefully be adopted when contemporary societies interact with each other. Specifically, it notes respects in which genuinely human or communal relationship has been missing in the two contexts of globalization and international relations, and suggests what a greater appreciation of this good by the rest of the world would mean for them.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Community in African Moral-Political Philosophy.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Niall Bond (ed.), Community in Global Thought (tentative title).
    I critically discuss respects in which conceptions of community have featured in African moral-political philosophy over the past 40 years or so. Some of the discussion is in the vein of intellectual history, recounting key theoretical moves for those unfamiliar with the field. However, my discussion is also opinionated, noting prima facie weaknesses with certain positions and presenting others as more promising, particularly relative to prominent Western competitors. There are a variety of forms that African communitarianism has taken and could (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Replacing Development: An Afro-Communal Approach to Global Justice (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Bolaji Bateye, Mahmoud Masaeli, Louise Muller & Angela Roothaan (eds.), Beauty in African Thought: Critique of the Western Idea of Development. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. ch. 6.
    Shortened version of an article that first appeared in Philosophical Papers (2017).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16. Virtue in African Ethics as Living Harmoniously.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Chenyang Li & Dascha Düring (eds.), Harmony. Oxford University Press.
    A large swathe of the indigenous African ethical tradition is frequently encapsulated in the maxim, “A person is a person through other persons.” This phrasing is an overly literal translation of some sayings that are prominent in the southern and central regions of Africa, but that resonate with most indigenous sub-Saharan cultures. This chapter articulates and motivates a philosophical interpretation of the maxim for an international readership interested in virtue. According to the initial formulation, one should strive to become a (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. African Ethicists.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Tom Angier (ed.), Ethics: The Key Thinkers, 2nd Edition. Bloomsbury.
    Unlike the Chinese, Indian, and Western ethical traditions, the African one had not been text-based until as recently as the 1960s. Since a very large majority of indigenous sub-Saharan societies had oral cultures, there are no classic texts in the field of African ethics and hence also no Big Names; there's nothing comparable to, say, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics or Confucius’ Analects. However, some names and texts have been more influential than others in shaping ethical reflection, particularly over the past 30 (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Ce Que L’Afrique Peut Apporter au Monde.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Tayeb Chenntouf (ed.), Histoire générale de l’Afrique, Volume 9 : l’Afrique Globale. UNESCO.
    French translation of 'What Africa Can Contribute to the World', a commissioned chapter for UNESCO'S General History of Africa project.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. A Relational Moral Theory: African Ethics in and Beyond the Continent.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
    _A Relational Moral Theory_ provides a new answer to the long-standing question of what all morally right actions might have in common as distinct from wrong ones, by drawing on neglected resources from the Global South and especially the African philosophical tradition. The book points out that the principles of utility and of respect for autonomy, the two rivals that have dominated western moral theory for about two centuries, share an individualist premise. Once that common assumption is replaced by a (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. La Philosophie au-delà de nos frontières: le cas de l'éthique africaine (Philosophy beyond the Boundaries: The Case of African Ethics).Thaddeus Metz & Pius Mosima (eds.) - forthcoming - Harmattan.
    A collection of several articles on African moral and political philosophy by Thaddeus Metz, translated into French by Emmanuel Fopa, and edited and introduced by Pius Mosima of the University of Bamenda, Cameroon.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Of Article In Defence of Partisan Justice: What Can African Business Ethics.Piet J. Naudé - forthcoming - African Journal of Business Ethics.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. African Values, Ethics, and Technology: Questions, Issues, and Approaches.Beatrice Okyere-Manu (ed.) - forthcoming - Palgrave Macmillan.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Encyclopaedia of African Ethics.Luís Rodrigues (ed.) - forthcoming - Bloomsbury.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Nkowa Echiche Ndi Afrika Nke Okammuta Thaddeus Metz (African Morality in the Thought of Thaddeus Metz).Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi (ed.) - forthcoming - Timeless Publishers.
    A collection of several previously published articles by Thaddeus Metz translated into Igbo, with an introduction by Prof L. O. Ugwuanyi of the University of Abuja.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Artificial Intelligence and African Conceptions of Personhood.C. S. Wareham - forthcoming - Ethics and Information Technology.
  26. Custom and Morality: A Comparative Analysis of Some African and Western Conceptions of Morals.Kwasi Wiredu - forthcoming - African Philosophy: Selected Readings, Ed. Mosley, Ag Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs.
  27. Das menschliche Minimum: Globale Gerechtigkeit aus afrikanischer Sicht Henry Odera Oruka.Anke Graneß - 2100 - Frankfurt: Campus Wissenshaft.
  28. Afro-Communitarianism and the Role of Traditional African Healers in the COVID-19 Pandemic.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues & Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Public Health Ethics:0-0.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has brought significant challenges to healthcare systems worldwide, and in Africa, given the lack of resources, they are likely to be even more acute. The usefulness of Traditional African Healers in helping to mitigate the effects of pandemic has been neglected. We argue from an ethical perspective that these healers can and should have an important role in informing and guiding local communities in Africa on how to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Particularly, we argue not only (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Ubuntu: The Good Life (Rev. Edn).Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - In Filomena Maggino (ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research, 2nd edn. Springer.
    Moderately updated version of this encyclopaedia entry.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  30. What Does an African Ethic of Social Cohesion Entail for Social Distancing?Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Developing World Bioethics 21 (1):7-16.
    The most prominent strand of moral thought in the African philosophical tradition is relational and cohesive, roughly demanding that we enter into community with each other. Familiar is the view that being a real person means sharing a way of life with others, perhaps even in their fate. What does such a communal ethic prescribe for the coronavirus pandemic? Might it forbid one from social distancing, at least away from intimates? Or would it entail that social distancing is wrong to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. A Relational Theory of Mental Illness: Lacking Identity and Solidarity.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Synthesis Philosophica 71 (1):65-81.
    In this article I aim to make progress towards the philosophical goal of ascertaining what, if anything, all mental illnesses have in common, attempting to unify a large sub-set of them that have a relational or interpersonal dimension. One major claim is that, if we want a promising theory of mental illness, we must go beyond the dominant western accounts of mental illness/health, which focus on traits intrinsic to a person such as pain/pleasure, lethargy/liveliness, fragmentation/integration, and falsehood/authenticity. A second major (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. The Need for Others in Public Policy: An African Approach.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - In Motsamai Molefe & Chris Allsobrook (eds.), Towards an African Political Philosophy of Needs. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 21-37.
    When reflecting on human need as a moral-political category, it is natural to include some intersubjective conditions. Surely, children need to be socialized, adults need to be recognized, and the poor need to be given certain resources. I point out that there are two different respects in which such intersubjective factors could be considered needs. On the one hand, they might be needed roughly for their own sake, that is, for exemplifying relational values such as caring for others and sharing (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. How to Report on War in the Light of an African Ethic.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - In Jonathan O. Chimakonam, Edwin Etieyibo & Ike Odimegwu (eds.), Essays on Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy. Springer. pp. ch. 10.
    While there is a budding literature on media ethics in the light of characteristic sub-Saharan moral values, there is virtually nothing on wartime reporting more specifically. Furthermore, the literature insofar as it has a bearing on wartime reporting suggests that embedded journalism and patriotic journalism are ethically justified during war. In this essay, I sketch a prima facie attractive African moral theory, grounded on a certain interpretation of the value of communal relationship, and bring out what it entails for the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. African Reasons Why Artificial Intelligence Should Not Maximize Utility.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - In Beatrice Okyere-Manu (ed.), African Values, Ethics, and Technology: Questions, Issues, and Approaches. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 55-72.
    Insofar as artificial intelligence is to be used to guide automated systems in their interactions with humans, the dominant view is probably that it would be appropriate to programme them to maximize (expected) utility. According to utilitarianism, which is a characteristically western conception of moral reason, machines should be programmed to do whatever they could in a given circumstance to produce in the long run the highest net balance of what is good for human beings minus what is bad for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. A Model of Virtuous Leadership in Africa: Case Study of a Nigerian Firm.Adeyinka Adewale - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (4):749-762.
    The nature and extent of Africa’s leadership challenge has been explored from multi-theoretical perspectives finding that amongst other issues, it is ethical in nature. This study therefore aimed to investigate and present a model of virtuous leadership within an indigenous African firm’s context drawing from the African virtue ethics of Afro-communitarianism. Using a qualitative case study design, it explored a model of virtuous leadership within a leading Nigerian pharmaceutical brand. Data was collected from multiple primary sources including semi-structured interviews and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Groundwork for the Practice of the Good Life: Politics and Ethics at the Intersection of North Atlantic and African Philosophy by Omedi Ochieng.Kundai Chirindo - 2020 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 53 (4):466-470.
    There is arguably no region of the world that has been the object of more intellectual contempt, intellectual derision, and intellectual disregard than Africa. Scholars have long documented the dark, dreary, pernicious, and primitive “Africanism” some argue has been a defining pillar of philosophizing, literature, criticism, and historiography in the North Atlantic for a long time. Emerging along with intentionally misconstrued yet ubiquitous constructions of blackness as other than human—negative ideas about the continent of Africa and its supposed intellectual vacuity (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Politics of the Body, Fear and Ubuntu: Proposing an African Women’s Theology of Disability.Sinenhlanhla S. Chisale - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (3).
    There is increasing research on the inclusion and exclusion of people with disabilities in African spaces, which are perpetuated by religious and cultural fear. Decision to shun or embrace people is defined by the politics of the body and influenced by the religion and culture of fear. In politics of the body, women are discriminated against because their bodies are often controlled and put under surveillance. Women with disabilities experience this discrimination more than their able-bodied counterparts and men with disabilities. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Addressing the Conflict Between Partner Notification and Patient Confidentiality in Serodiscordant Relationships: How Can Ubuntu Help?Cornelius Ewuoso - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 20 (2):74-85.
  39. Ubuntu Philosophy and the Consensus Regarding Incidental Findings in Genomic Research: A Heuristic Approach.Cornelius Ewuoso - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):433-444.
    This study adopts a heuristic technique to argue the thesis that a set of norms rooted in the African philosophy of Ubuntu can usefully supplement current research guidelines for dealing with incidental findings discovered in genomic research. The consensus regarding incidental findings is that there is an ethical obligation to return individual genetic incidental findings that meet the threshold of analytic and clinical validity, have clinical utility, and are actionable, provided that research contributors have not opted out from receiving such (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. Ubuntu/botho: Ideologie oder Versprechen?Michael Onyebuchi Eze - 2020 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 68 (6):928-942.
    This article investigates the concept of Ubuntu/botho as a possible foundation for an African moral theory. It departs from an analysis of the idea of “human personhood” as a basis for moral agency, which is controversially debated within African philosophy. This notion of personhood relies on an understanding of the mutual interdependence of human beings. As a next step, the author critically assesses the discursive function of Ubuntu/botho in African societies and its misuse by political elites as ideological cover for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Is and Ought? How the (Social) Ontological Circumscribes the Normative.Dorothea Gädeke - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 24 (4):509-525.
    Is normative theory grounded in ontology and if so, how? Taking a debate between Kwame Gyekye and Thaddeus Metz as my point of departure, my aim in this article is to show that something normative does indeed follow from ontological views: The social ontological, I maintain, circumscribes the normative without, however, fully determining its content. My argument proceeds in two steps: First, I argue that our social ontological position constrains what kind of normative theory we may plausibly defend. A relational (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Igwebuike and African Ethics.Kanu Ikechukwu Anthony - 2020 - IGWEBUIKEPEDIA Internet Encyclopedia of African Philosophy.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Menkiti on Community and Becoming a Person.Polycarp A. Ikuenobe & Edwin Etieyibo (eds.) - 2020 - Lexington Books.
    This book examines issues relating to Menkiti’s “Person and Community in African Traditional Thought,” which articulates an African notion of personhood. Contributors not only show that personhood is normative but also explore the implications this notion of personhood and citizenship holds for the nation-state in Africa.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. A Defense of Kwame Gyekye’s Moderate Communitarianism.Kibujjo M. Kalumba - 2020 - Philosophical Papers 49 (1):137-158.
    An avowed communitarian, Gyekye follows the lead of such African communitarians as Menkiti who believe that the community is ontologically prior to the individual. However, unlike Menkiti and other...
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. African and Western Approaches to the Moral Formation of Christian Leaders: The Role of Spiritual Disciplines in Counteracting Moral Deficiencies.Louise Kretzschmar - 2020 - HTS Theological Studies 76 (2).
    This article begins with a brief outline of current African and Western contexts, and the moral predicaments in which leaders in South Africa find themselves. The research problem addressed is how the spiritual maturity and moral excellence of Christian leaders can be advanced. The methodology employed draws on African and Western cultural and Christian traditions of moral formation. Whilst some common means of moral formation are discussed, particular attention is given to the role of spiritual disciplines. The article aims to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Ecojustice Education and Communitarianism: Exploring the Possibility for African Eco-Communitarianism.Frans Kruger, Adré le Roux & Kevin Teise - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (2):206-216.
    In this article, we explore the concept of African communitarianism and reflect on its potential value for ecojustice education as a localised response to the wider ecological crises that i...
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Philosophical Racism and Ubuntu: In Dialogue with Mogobe Ramose.C. W. Maris - 2020 - South African Journal of Philosophy 39 (3):308-326.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. The Final Ends of Higher Education in the Light of an African Moral Theory (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - 2020 - Inqaba Magazine 2:41-46.
    Partial reprint of an article first appearing in the Journal of Philosophy of Education (2009).
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Relational Normative Economics: An African Approach to Justice.Thaddeus Metz - 2020 - Ethical Perspectives 27 (1):35-68.
    Recent work by comparative philosophers, global ethicists, and cross-cultural value theorists indicates that, unlike most Western thinkers, those in many other parts of the globe, such as indigenous Africa, East Asia, and Latin America, tend to prize relationality. These relational values include enjoying a sense of togetherness, participating cooperatively, creating something new together, engaging in mutual aid, and being compassionate. Global economic practices and internationally influential theories pertaining to justice, development, and normative economics over the past 50 years have been (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Recent Work in African Philosophy: Its Relevance Beyond the Continent.Thaddeus Metz - 2020 - Mind 130.
    In this article I critically discuss some recent English language books in African philosophy. Specifically, I expound and evaluate key claims from books published by sub-Saharan thinkers since 2017 that address epistemology, metaphysics, and value theory and that do so in ways of interest to an audience of at least Anglo-American-Australasian analytic philosophers. My aim is not to establish a definitive conclusion about these claims, but rather to facilitate cross-cultural engagement by highlighting their relevance particularly to many western philosophers and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 772