Afterlife

Edited by K. Mitch Hodge (Masaryk University, Queen's University, Belfast)
About this topic
Summary The afterlife, or more specifically the belief in an afterlife, is the belief that it is possible for individuals to survive death.  Scholarly discussions of afterlife beliefs cover a broad range of academic disciplines (e.g., philosophy, religious studies, anthropology and psychology) and philosophically relevant topics (e.g., personal identity, epistemology of religious belief, imagination, ethics, arguments from parapsychology, dualism and materialism).  Beliefs in the afterlife are generally one of two types: metaphysically thin, whereby the some non-identity conferring substance of the individual continues after the death of his/her physical body (e.g., their atoms, or their life force or energy is redistributed into the universe to make up other things); or metaphysically thick, whereby some essential personal identity conferring essence or substance (e.g., the person’s soul , mind or resurrected body) is said to survive either immediately after death, or at some later time.  Most scholarly discussions as well as most religio-cultural systems are concerned with the latter rather than the former.  Metaphysically thick afterlife beliefs usually take one of two forms: reincarnation (also known in the philosophical literature as transmigration of the soul), by which the individual is reborn into this world with a new life, or the individual continues his/her existence in a spiritual realm (e.g., heaven, hell, or the realm of ancestors).  How, and whether, personal identity can be maintained in an afterlife has a long history of debate in philosophy.  In addition, one cross-culturally common and philosophically important element of metaphysically thick afterlife beliefs is that the individual is rewarded or punished for his/her moral propriety or moral transgressions that he/she committed in this life. 
Key works Philosophical discussions of the afterlife date back to Pythagoras unknown and Plato 2008, 1999,  both of whom argued for the transmigration of the soul.  With a rise of Christianity in the West, discussions concerning the afterlife shifted to how personal identity was maintained in the afterlife, especially given the doctrine of the resurrection of the body (see, Sorabji 2006, and Barresi manuscript).  After Descartes 1993, however, the emphasis in philosophy shifted away from survival after death in a resurrected body, to the idea that one survives death as a disembodied mind.  The modern era saw the first substantial skeptical challenge to belief in an afterlife with Coleman 2007, ms.  Contemporary philosophical discussions of the afterlife have focused on the possibility of disembodied existence and how this is to be understood (see Blose 1981, Gillett 1985, 1986, Tye 1983, Hick 1976, 1973, Swinburne 1986, Mavrodes 1977, Penelhum 1982, and Perry 1978).  In addition, with the rise of the cognitive science of religion, and experimental evidence (see Bering 2006) that humans intuitively believe in an afterlife, philosophical debate has begun on how and why the human mind is predisposed toward this belief, and the role the imagination, emotions and concepts play in representing the deceased and the afterlife (see Bek & Lock 2011, Paul & Rita 2006, Nichols 2007 and Hodge 2011, 2011).
Introductions Encyclopedia articles include Hasker 2010Andrade 2011 (on immortality).  Good introductory books to the topics dealing with the afterlife include: Corcoran 2001, Benatar 2009, Sorabji 2006, and Barresi manuscript.
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1922 found
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1 — 50 / 1922
Material to categorize
  1. God’s Role in a Meaningful Life: New Reflections From Tim Mawson.Thaddeus Metz - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (3):171-191.
    Characteristic of the contemporary field of life's meaning has been the combination of monism in method and naturalism in substance. That is, much of the field has sought to reduce enquiry into life's meaning to one question and to offer a single principle as an answer to it, with this principle typically focusing on ways of living in the physical world as best known by the scientific method. T. J. Mawson's new book, God and the Meanings of Life, provides fresh (...)
  2. Like It Was Written in My Soul From Me to You: Assessing Jerry Walls' Critique of the Catholic Account of Purgatory.Francis J. Beckwith - 2013 - Heythrop Journal.
  3. The Divine Energies and the “End of Human Life”.Rico Vitz & Marissa Espinoza - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (3):473-489.
    In this paper, we elucidate an alternative conception of the “end of human life” that Germain Grisez considers but never develops. We then defend this conception against two key objections. We conclude by explaining a few ways that this alternative conception of the “end of human life” is particularly important both theologically and philosophically.
  4. Zapis o crkvi.Aleksandar Prnjat - 2000 - Književnost 55 (7-8-9):1119-1121.
  5. Debates Over the Resurrection of the Dead: Constructing Early Christian Identity.Juan Antonio Gaytán Luna - 2016 - Augustinianum 56 (2):496-509.
  6. Chesterton and Belloc: Show the Way Forward!Russell Sparkes - 2010 - The Chesterton Review 36 (3/4):127-139.
  7. Chesterton and the Resurrection of Poland: Literary and Political Influences.Dermot Quinn - 2012 - The Chesterton Review 38 (3/4):421-436.
  8. Chesterton’s Emergence From the Abysses: How the Chesterton Papers Illuminate “the Sunrise of Wonder”.William Oddie - 2008 - The Chesterton Review 34 (3/4):557-571.
  9. The Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body According to Giles of Rome.Kieran Nolan - 1966 - Augustinianum 6 (1):45-76.
  10. The Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body According to Giles of Rome.Kieran Nolan - 1966 - Augustinianum 6 (3):399-423.
  11. The Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body According to Giles of Rome.Kieran Nolan - 1967 - Augustinianum 7 (2):306-322.
  12. The Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body According to Giles of Rome.Kieran Nolan - 1965 - Augustinianum 5 (3):522-532.
  13. A New Natural Interpretation of the Empty Tomb.Leonard Irwin Eisenberg - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (2):133-143.
    Clues in the Gospels, evidence from Jewish historian Josephus, belief in the transmigration of souls, and well-documented examples of erroneous declarations of death, combine to support a natural explanation for the Easter story: Jesus survives his short stay on the cross, and is discovered to be barely alive by the few followers who retrieve him. Fearful because they have illegally retrieved a condemned man, they carry out a decoy burial in a tomb. Jesus expires soon after, and is buried quietly (...)
  14. La Résurrection de Jésus Dans la Théologie Dogmatique. Le Passé Et L'Avenir.Adolphe Gesché - 1971 - Revue Théologique de Louvain 2 (3):257-306.
  15. La Grande Résurrection d'AlamûtLa Grande Resurrection d'Alamut.Farhad Daftary & Christian Jambet - 1992 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (2):308.
  16. Death and Afterlife in Ugarit and IsraelBeatific Afterlife in Ancient Israel and the Ancient Near EastDie Keilalphabetischen Texte Aus Ugarit, I.Mark S. Smith, Elizabeth M. Bloch-Smith, K. Spronk, M. Dietrich, O. Loretz, J. Sanmartín & J. Sanmartin - 1988 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 108 (2):277.
  17. IV. There Will Be the Resurrection of the Dead, of the Righteous-and of the Unrighteous.Edna H. Hong - 1997 - In Kierkegaard's Writings, Xvii: Christian Discourses: The Crisis and a Crisis in the Life of an Actress. Princeton University Press. pp. 202-213.
  18. Jesus and Philosophy: New Essays.Paul K. Moser (ed.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    What, if anything, does Jesus of Nazareth have to do with philosophy? This question motivates this collection of essays from leading theologians, philosophers, and biblical scholars. Part I portrays Jesus in his first-century intellectual and historical context, attending to intellectual influences and contributions and contemporaneous similar patterns of thought. Part II examines how Jesus influenced two of the most prominent medieval philosophers. It considers the seeming conceptual shift from Hebraic categories of thought to distinctively Greco-Roman ones in later Christian philosophers. (...)
  19. Saint Augustine on the Resurrection of Christ Teaching: Teaching, Rhetoric, and Reception.S. J. O'Collins - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Despite an enormous amount of literature on St Augustine of Hippo, this work provides the first examination of what he taught about the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Augustine expounded Christ's resurrection in his sermons, letters, Answer to Faustus the Manichean, the City of God, Expositions of the Psalms, and the Trinity. Saint Augustine on the Resurrection of Christ: Teaching, Rhetoric, and Reception explores what Augustine held about the centrality of Christ's resurrection from the dead, the agency of Christ's resurrection, and (...)
  20. Heaven.William Charlton - 2016 - New Blackfriars 97 (1071):547-559.
  21. Thinking Clearly About Death [Myśleć Jasno o Śmierci].Józef Bremer - 2000 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 5:271-276.
  22. Problems with Disembodied Existence and Survival of Death.Janusz Salamon - 2006 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 11:81-91.
  23. Józef Bremer, Osoba -Fikcja Czy Rzeczywistość? Tozsamość Ijedność Ja W Świetle Badań Neurologicznych [A Person: Fiction or Reality? Identity and Oneness of the I in View of Neurologic Research] by Danuta Ługowska.Danuta Ługowska - 2008 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 13 (2):376-379.
  24. Romanos Melodos: Essay on the Poetics of His Kontakion “Resurrection of Christ”.J. H. Barkhuizen - 1986 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 79 (1):17-28.
  25. La Reincarnation des Esprits.E. A. M. & Paul Siwek - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (7):194.
  26. Caring for Body and Soul: Burial and the Afterlife in the Merovingian World. Bonnie Effros.Cristina La Rocca - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1268-1270.
  27. Experiencing the Afterlife: Soul and Body in Dante and Medieval Culture. Manuele Gragnolati.Warren Ginsberg - 2007 - Speculum 82 (1):191-193.
  28. The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 200-1336.Caroline Walker Bynum.Jeffrey Burton Russell - 1996 - Speculum 71 (2):399-401.
  29. Death and Property in Siena, 1205-1800: Strategies for the Afterlife.Samuel K. Cohn, Jr.Judith C. Brown - 1992 - Speculum 67 (1):127-129.
  30. Baldwin of Flanders and Hainaut, First Latin Emperor of Constantinople: His Life, Death, and Resurrection, 1172-1225.Robert Lee Wolff - 1952 - Speculum 27 (3):281-322.
  31. Death and Afterlife: A Theological Introduction by Terence Nichols.Mark Corner - 2012 - New Blackfriars 93 (1047):623-625.
  32. Jesus of Nazareth: Part 2. Holy Week: From the Entrance Into Jerusalem to the Resurrection by Joseph Ratzinger.Ian Boxall - 2012 - New Blackfriars 93 (1043):119-121.
  33. Early Christian Worship and the Historical Argument for Jesus’ Resurrection.Glenn Siniscalchi - 2012 - New Blackfriars 93 (1048):710-732.
  34. A Resurrection of Relics.A. S. Barnes & Vincent McNabb - 1922 - New Blackfriars 2 (24):707-715.
  35. Heaven, Then and Now.John Mcdade Sj - 2002 - New Blackfriars 83 (971):42-48.
  36. Seeing with Eyes of Faith: Schillebeeckx and the Resurrection of Jesus.Peter Phillips - 1998 - New Blackfriars 79 (927):241-250.
  37. Heaven in Ordinary.Wallace Stevens - 1994 - New Blackfriars 75 (882):234-235.
  38. Raised a Spiritual Body: Bodily Resurrection According to Paul.Margaret Pamment - 1985 - New Blackfriars 66 (783):372-388.
  39. Empty Tomb and Resurrection.Margaret Pamment - 1981 - New Blackfriars 62 (737):488-493.
  40. Recent Catholic Writing on the Resurrection The Appearance Stories.Fergus Kerr - 1977 - New Blackfriars 58 (690):506-515.
  41. Recent Catholic Writing on the Resurrection The Empty Tomb Story.Fergus Kerr - 1977 - New Blackfriars 58 (689):453-461.
  42. Varieties of Resurrection.Geoffrey Turner - 1975 - New Blackfriars 56 (661):272-276.
  43. A View of the Resurrection.Michael Sharkey - 1974 - New Blackfriars 55 (647):181-184.
  44. The Resurrection in the Easter Liturgy.J. D. Crichton - 1958 - New Blackfriars 39 (457):170-181.
  45. Gradation, Evolution and Reincarnation.Ananda K. Coomaraswamy - 1946 - New Blackfriars 27 (320):425-429.
  46. The Meaning or Motive of the Resurrection.Vincent McNabb - 1943 - New Blackfriars 24 (277):132-139.
  47. The Resurrection of Adam.John - Baptist Reeves - 1927 - New Blackfriars 8 (83):75-81.
  48. Heaven.Margaret Mackenzie - 1920 - New Blackfriars 1 (9):513-513.
  49. The Function of Scent Marking in Territories: A Resurrection of the Intimidation Hypothesis.P. R. K. Richardson - 1993 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 48 (2):195-206.
  50. The Palgrave Handbook of the Afterlife.Benjamin Matheson & Yujin Nagasawa (eds.) - 2017 - London: Palgrave Macmillan.
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