Contents
330 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 330
  1. Modern Physics and Ancient Faith.Stephen M. Barr - forthcoming - Religious Studies.
  2. Irrigating Blood: Plato on the Circulatory System, the Cosmos, and Elemental Motion.Douglas Campbell - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    This article concerns the so-called irrigation system in the Timaeus’ biology (77a-81e), which replenishes our body’s tissues with resources from food delivered as blood. I argue that this system functions mainly by the natural like-to-like motion of the elements and that the circulation of blood is an important case study of Plato’s physics. We are forced to revise the view that the elements attract their like. Instead, similar elements merely tend to coalesce with each other in virtue of their tactile (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Blackwell Companion to Ancient Science, Medicine and Technology.Georgia Irby (ed.) - forthcoming - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. An important survey of the history of machine-body analogies through intellectual history (review of Body and Machine in Classical Antiquity, edited by Maria Gerolemou and George Kazantzidis). [REVIEW]Douglas R. Campbell - 2024 - Metascience 32 (1):85-88.
    The editors have put together an interesting and important collection of twelve essays that trace the development of explanations of the human body that appeal to machines and other technological artefacts. Although the focus of the book is ancient authors, with the oldest being Homer and Pindar, the last essay reaches into the eighteenth century, at which point there are no longer mere analogies between human bodies and machines but a conception of the human body as something mechanized. The essays (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. The Medico-oikonomic Model of Human Nature in Bryson’s Oikonomikos.Aistė Čelkytė - 2023 - Phronesis: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy 68 (2):206-235.
    In this paper, I argue that Bryson’s Oikonomikos is a fascinating example of the oikonomia genre in several different respects. Although the problematic transmission of this Neopythagorean text makes studying it a challenge, such effort is well-rewarded with an elaborate argument which paints the human bodily constitution, the central bodily functions and oikonomic activities as intrinsically linked. Focusing on Bryson’s argument which roots oikonomic behaviour in human biology, I explore the underlying conceptualisation of human nature and contextualise it within relevant (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6. Studies on cosmology and biology in ancient philosophy: Ricardo Salles (ed.): Cosmology and biology in ancient philosophy: from Thales to Avicenna. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021, 311 pp, £24.99 PB. [REVIEW]Damian Fernandez-Beanato - 2023 - Metascience 32 (3):385-386.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. : The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek and Roman Science.Philippa Lang - 2023 - Isis 114 (1):193-194.
  8. The Scientific Prescience of Epicureanism.Collin Robbins - 2023 - Sorge: The Undergraduate Philosophy Journal at the Ohio State University 1:24-32.
  9. The One: How an Ancient Idea Holds the Future of Physics.Fred Alan Wolf - 2023 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 37 (3).
    The One: How an Ancient Idea Holds the Future of Physics by Heinrich Päs.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. The Starry Heavens Above.Dirk Baltzly - 2022 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 16 (1):49-57.
    Lengthy review of the 2020 Brill Companion to Hellenistic Astronomy with special reference to Neoplatonism.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Ancient greek and Roman science - (l.) Taub (ed.) The cambridge companion to ancient greek and Roman science. Pp. X + 344. Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2020. Paper, £22.99, us$29.99 (cased, £69.99, us$89.99). Isbn: 978-1-107-46576-3 (978-1-107-09248-8 hbk). [REVIEW]Serafina Cuomo - 2022 - The Classical Review 72 (1):294-297.
  12. Aspects of ancient medicine - (V.) nutton, (l.) totelin (edd.) Ancient medicine, behind and beyond Hippocrates: Essays in honour of Elizabeth Craik. (Technai. An international journal for ancient science and technology 11.) pp. 216, ill. Pisa and Rome: Fabrizio Serra editore, 2020. Paper, €115. Isbn: 978-88-3315-288-2. [REVIEW]Masayuki Fukushima - 2022 - The Classical Review 72 (1):300-302.
  13. GALEN's METHOD OF INQUIRY AND PROOF: STUDIES ON ANCIENT FOUNDATIONS OF RATIONAL MEDICINE.Matyas Havrda - 2022 - Dissertation, Czech Academy of Sciences
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Galen's Empiricist Background: A Study of the Argument in On Medical Experience.Inna Kupreeva - 2022 - In R. J. Hankinson & Matyáš Havrda (eds.), Galen's Epistemology: Experience, Reason, and Method in Ancient Medicine. Cambridge University Press. pp. 32-78.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Greek astral sciences in China.Bill M. Mak - 2022 - In Bill M. Mak & Eric Huntington (eds.), Overlapping cosmologies in Asia: transcultural and interdisciplinary approaches. Boston: Brill.
  16. Cambridge History of Science, vol. 1, Ancient Science. Edited by Alexander Jones and Liba Taub.Daniel Patrick Morgan - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    The Cambridge History of Science, vol. 1, Ancient Science. Edited by Alexander Jones and Liba Taub. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. xix + 642. $160.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Life and Lifeforms in Early Greek Atomism.Caterina Pellò & Michael Augustin - 2022 - Apeiron 55 (4):601-625.
    What is Leucippus and Democritus’ theory of the beginning of life? How, if at all, did Leucippus and Democritus distinguish different kinds of living things? These questions are challenging in part because these Atomists claim that all living beings – including plants – have a share of reason and understanding. We answer these questions by examining the extant evidence concerning their views on embryology, the soul and respiration, and sense perception, thereby giving an overview of life and lifeforms in early (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Time and Cosmology in Plato and the Platonic Tradition.Daniel Vázquez & Alberto Ross (eds.) - 2022 - Brill.
    This book assembles an international team of scholars to move forward the study of Plato’s conception of time, to find fresh insights for interpreting his cosmology, and to reimagine the Platonic tradition.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Life and Lifeforms in Early Greek Atomism.Michael J. Augustin - 2021 - Apeiron: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 1.
    What is Leucippus and Democritus’ theory of the beginning of life? How, if at all, did Leucippus and Democritus distinguish different kinds of living things? These questions are challenging in part because these Atomists claim that all living beings – including plants – have a share of reason and understanding. We answer these questions by examining the extant evidence concerning their views on embryology, the soul and respiration, and sense perception, thereby giving an overview of life and lifeforms in early (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. (Book review) Sean Coughlin, David Leith, Orly Lewis (eds), The Concept of Pneuma After Aristotle, (2020), Berlin: Topoi, pp. 434. ISBN: 9783982067049. [REVIEW]Chiara Cecconi - 2021 - Ancient Philosophy Today 3 (2):228-233.
  21. Models in Science (2nd edition).Roman Frigg & Stephan Hartmann - 2021 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Models are of central importance in many scientific contexts. The centrality of models such as inflationary models in cosmology, general-circulation models of the global climate, the double-helix model of DNA, evolutionary models in biology, agent-based models in the social sciences, and general-equilibrium models of markets in their respective domains is a case in point (the Other Internet Resources section at the end of this entry contains links to online resources that discuss these models). Scientists spend significant amounts of time building, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   233 citations  
  22. Metaphors as models: Towards a typology of metaphor in ancient science.Marcel Humar - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (3):1-26.
    Metaphors play a crucial role in the understanding of science. Since antiquity, metaphors have been used in technical texts to describe structures unknown or unnamed; besides establishing a terminology of science, metaphors are also important for the expression of concepts. However, a concise terminology to classify metaphors in the language of science has not been established yet. But in the context of studying the history of a science and its concepts, a precise typology of metaphors can be helpful. Metaphors have (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Are the Theories of Evolution, Multiverse, and the Inexistence of Universe Starting Point, the Product of Modern Science? Causality and Chance in Modern and Ancient Science.Yousef Jamali - 2021 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 15 (37):70-99.
    In the last two centuries, a better understanding of nature and significant advances in science and technology have led to the emergence of new and exciting ideas and approaches. Almost all of them are known as the product of contemporary science. Ideas such as evolution in biology, the ideas about the beginning of the universe (models based on the existence of a starting point for the universe or otherwise), and the idea of parallel worlds in physics. Although these ideas have (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Pathways into the Study of Ancient Sciences: Selected Essays. By David Pingree. Edited by Isabelle Pingree and John M. Steele. [REVIEW]Christopher Minkowski - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 138 (4).
    Pathways into the Study of Ancient Sciences: Selected Essays. By David Pingree. Edited by Isabelle Pingree and John M. Steele. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 104, pt. 3. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society Press, 2014. Pp. xxii + 503.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Le divin, les dieux et le mouvement éternel dans l’univers d’Anaximandre.Luan Reboredo - 2021 - In Rossella Saetta Cottone (ed.), Penser les dieux avec les présocratiques. Rue D’Ulm. pp. 97-111.
    On propose ici de clarifier ce qu’Anaximandre entendait par « le divin » et ce qu’il appelait des « dieux ». À partir d’une réévaluation des sources anciennes, on soutient que cette enquête peut aider à comprendre son modèle cosmologique et le problème des cataclysmes dans son système. Trois hypothèses sont avancées à cette fin : [i] que dans Physique, III, 4, 203b3 15, le syntagme τὸ ἄπειρον renvoie à une notion concrète de substrat infini ; [ii] que dans ce (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Cosmology and Biology in Ancient Philosophy: From Thales to Avicenna.Ricardo Salles (ed.) - 2021 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    In antiquity living beings are inextricably linked to the cosmos as a whole. Ancient biology and cosmology depend upon one another and therefore a complete understanding of one requires a full account of the other. This volume addresses many philosophical issues that arise from this double relation. Does the cosmos have a soul of its own? Why? Is either of these two disciplines more basic than the other, or are they at the same explanatory level? What is the relationship between (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Alexander Jones and Liba Taub (eds.), The Cambridge History of Science, vol. 1, Ancient Science Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Pp. xix + 642. ISBN 978-0-511-98014-5. £120.00. [REVIEW]Michalis Sialaros - 2021 - British Journal for the History of Science 54 (1):124-125.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Fruit of the Mind: Metaphor and the Concept of Nature in Pindar and Empedocles.Leon Wash - 2021 - Dissertation, University of Chicago
    This dissertation is about the early history of the concept of nature (φύσις or φυή/φυά) in Greek poetry and philosophy, and the significance of certain metaphors for that history, especially ones relating to plants (φυτά). The derivation of φύσις and φυή/φυά from the verb φύω/φύομαι (“grow,” but also “come to be”), which is likewise the source of φυτόν (“plant”), continues to nourish arguments about the historical role of the vegetal paradigm in the development of the Greek concept of nature. The (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. The Concept of Pneuma after Aristotle.Sean Coughlin, David Leith & Orly Lewis (eds.) - 2020 - Berlin: Edition Topoi.
    This volume explores the versatility of the concept of pneuma in philosophical and medical theories in the wake of Aristotle’s physics. It offers fourteen separate studies of how the concept of pneuma was used in a range of physical, physiological, psychological, cosmological and ethical inquiries. The focus is on individual thinkers or traditions and the specific questions they sought to address, including early Peripatetic sources, the Stoics, the major Hellenistic medical traditions, Galen, as well as Proclus in Late Antiquity and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Pneuma and the Pneumatist School of Medicine.Sean Coughlin & Orly Lewis - 2020 - In Sean Coughlin, David Leith & Orly Lewis (eds.), The Concept of Pneuma after Aristotle. Berlin: Edition Topoi. pp. 203-236.
    The Pneumatist school of medicine has the distinction of being the only medical school in antiquity named for a belief in a part of a human being. Unlike the Herophileans or the Asclepiadeans, their name does not pick out the founder of the school. Unlike the Dogmatists, Empiricists, or Methodists, their name does not pick out a specific approach to medicine. Instead, the name picks out a belief: the fact that pneuma is of paramount importance, both for explaining health and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31. Vergil’s Physics of Bugonia in Georgics 4.Peter Osorio - 2020 - Classical Philology 115 (1):27-46.
  32. Alexander Jones; Liba Taub (Editors). The Cambridge History of Science. Volume 1: Ancient Science. xix + 642 pp., figs., index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. £120 (cloth). E-book available. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Perilli - 2020 - Isis 111 (3):656-657.
  33. The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek and Roman Science.Liba Taub (ed.) - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides a comprehensive overview of the key themes in Greek and Roman science, medicine, mathematics and technology. A distinguished team of specialists engage with topics including the role of observation and experiment, Presocratic natural philosophy, ancient creationism, and the special style of ancient Greek mathematical texts, while several chapters confront key questions in the philosophy of science such as the relationship between evidence and explanation. The volume will spark renewed discussion about the character of 'ancient' versus 'modern' science, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Science.Liba Taub (ed.) - 2020
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Euclid’s Kinds and (Their) Attributes.Benjamin Wilck - 2020 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 23 (2):362-397.
    Relying upon a very close reading of all of the definitions given in Euclid’s Elements, I argue that this mathematical treatise contains a philosophical treatment of mathematical objects. Specifically, I show that Euclid draws elaborate metaphysical distinctions between substances and non-substantial attributes of substances, different kinds of substance, and different kinds of non-substance. While the general metaphysical theory adopted in the Elements resembles that of Aristotle in many respects, Euclid does not employ Aristotle’s terminology, or indeed, any philosophical terminology at (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Aristotle on Earlier Greek Psychology: The Science of Soul.Jason W. Carter - 2019 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is the first in English to provide a full, systematic investigation into Aristotle's criticisms of earlier Greek theories of the soul from the perspective of his theory of scientific explanation. Some interpreters of the De Anima have seen Aristotle's criticisms of Presocratic, Platonic, and other views about the soul as unfair or dialectical, but Jason W. Carter argues that Aristotle's criticisms are in fact a justified attempt to test the adequacy of earlier theories in terms of the theory (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37. Ancient genetics to ancient genomics: celebrity and credibility in data-driven practice.Elizabeth D. Jones - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (2):27.
    “Ancient DNA Research” is the practice of extracting, sequencing, and analyzing degraded DNA from dead organisms that are hundreds to thousands of years old. Today, many researchers are interested in adapting state-of-the-art molecular biological techniques and high-throughput sequencing technologies to optimize the recovery of DNA from fossils, then use it for studying evolutionary history. However, the recovery of DNA from fossils has also fueled the idea of resurrecting extinct species, especially as its emergence corresponded with the book and movie Jurassic (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  38. Impressionable Biologies: From the Archaeology of Plasticity to the Sociology of Epigenetics.Maurizio Meloni - 2019 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    Chapter 1st of the book. This chapter explores the fundamental ambiguity of the concept of plasticity – between openness and determination, change and stabilization of forms. This pluralism of meanings is used to unpack different instantiations of corporeal plasticity across various epochs, starting from ancient and early modern medicine, particularly humouralism. A genealogical approach displaces the notion that plasticity is a unitary phenomenon, coming in the abstract, and illuminates the unequal distribution of different forms of plasticities across social, gender, and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  39. Ancient science and literature - Taub science writing in Greco-Roman antiquity. Pp. XVI + 193, figs. Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2017. Paper, £18.99, us$29.99 . Isbn: 978-0-521-13063-9. [REVIEW]Clifford A. Robinson - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):291-293.
  40. Authority in ancient science - König, Woolf authority and expertise in ancient scientific culture. Pp. XII + 473, fig. Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2017. Cased, £105, us$135. Isbn: 978-1-107-06006-7. [REVIEW]Calloway Scott - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):288-291.
  41. Modern physics and ancient Indian wisdom: on the metaphysical foundations of science.A. A. Sidorova-Biryukova & V. P. Kazaryan - 2019 - Liberal Arts in Russia 8 (1):3.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. High Science and Natural Sciences: Greek Theologians and the Science and Religion Interactions (1832–1910).Kostas Tampakis - 2019 - Zygon 54 (4):1067-1086.
    What was science for the Orthodox Greek theologian of the nineteenth century? How did it feature in his (theologians were all men at the time) own work? This article is an attempt to describe the science and religion interactions by placing Greek Orthodox theologians of the nineteenth century in the center of the historical narrative, rather than treat them as occasional deuteragonists in the scientists’ historiography. The picture that emerges is far more complicated than one of antagonism, indifference, conflict, or (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Physics.Daniel W. Aristotle & Graham - 2018 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    The _Physics_ is a foundational work of western philosophy, and the crucial one for understanding Aristotle's views on matter, form, essence, causation, movement, space, and time. This richly annotated, scrupulously accurate, and consistent translation makes it available to a contemporary English reader as no other does—in part because it fits together seamlessly with other closely associated works in the New Hackett Aristotle series, such as the _Metaphysics_, _De Anima_, and forthcoming _De Caelo_ and _On Coming to Be and Passing Away_. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  44. Galen on Sexual Desire and Sexual Regulation.Ahonen Marke - 2017 - Apeiron 50 (4):449-481.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Apeiron Jahrgang: 50 Heft: 4 Seiten: 449-481.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45. Deleuze and Ancient Greek Physics: The Image of Nature.Michael James Bennett - 2017 - London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
    In 1988 the philosopher Gilles Deleuze remarked that throughout his career he had always been 'circling around' a concept of nature. Showing how Deleuze weaves original readings of Plato, the Stoics, Aristotle, and Epicurus into some of his most famous arguments about event, difference, and problem, Michael James Bennett argues that these interpretations of ancient Greek physics provide vital clues for understanding Deleuze's own conception of nature. -/- "Deleuze and Ancient Greek Physics" delves into the original Greek and Latin texts (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. Courtney Roby. Technical Ekphrasis in Greek and Roman Science and Literature: The Written Machine between Alexandria and Rome. ix + 336 pp., figs., bibl., indexes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. £74.99. [REVIEW]Sylvia Berryman - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):883-884.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. The literary aspects of Galen's writings - López férez Galeno. Lengua, composición literaria, léxico, estilo. Pp. 442. Madrid: Ediciones clásicas, 2015. Paper, €25. Isbn: 978-84-7882-743-5. [REVIEW]Maria Luisa Garofalo - 2017 - The Classical Review 67 (2):372-374.
  48. Isabelle Pingree; John M. Steele . Pathways into the Study of Ancient Sciences: Selected Essays by David Pingree. xxi + 503 pp., illus., figs. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2014. $37. [REVIEW]Anuj Misra - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):146-147.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. The ancient cosmology as a model of physical reality.Sergey Poroykov - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Researchжурнал Философских Исследований 2 (3):2-2.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Technical Ekphrasis in Greek and Roman Science and Literature: The Written Machine Between Alexandria and Rome.Courtney Roby - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ekphrasis is familiar as a rhetorical tool for inducing enargeia, the vivid sense that a reader or listener is actually in the presence of the objects described. This book focuses on the ekphrastic techniques used in ancient Greek and Roman literature to describe technological artifacts. Since the literary discourse on technology extended beyond technical texts, this book explores 'technical ekphrasis' in a wide range of genres, including history, poetry, and philosophy as well as mechanical, scientific, and mathematical works. Technical authors (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 330