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  1. added 2019-02-07
    Collecting Insects to Conserve Them: A Call for Ethical Caution.Bob Fischer & Brendon Larson - forthcoming - Insect Conservation and Biodiversity.
    1. We argue that while the evidence does not show that insects are conscious, moral caution is still appropriate for researchers. 2. We propose a way to adapt the 3Rs framework to guide decision regarding insect collection, which calls for replacing, reducing, and refining the use of animals in research. 3. Specifically, we consider the use of Malaise traps for insect sampling, suggesting that their use should be posted publicly so that other researchers can make use of bycatch.
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  2. added 2019-01-31
    Animal Ethical Evaluation: An Observational Study of Canadian IACUCs.Thérèse Leroux, Claude Dumas & Lise Houde - 2003 - Ethics and Behavior 13 (4):333-350.
    Three Canadian institutional animal care and use committees were observed over a 1-year period to investigate animal ethical evaluation. While each protocol was evaluated, the observer collected information about the final decision, the type of protocol, and the category of invasiveness. The observer also wrote down verbatim all verbal interventions, which were coded according to the following categories: scientific, technical, politics, human analog, reduction, refinement, and replacement. The data revealed that only 16% of the comments were devoted to the 3 (...)
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  3. added 2018-10-10
    To Regulate or Not to Regulate? The Future of Animal Ethics in Experimental Research with Insects.Christopher B. Freelance - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    Regulatory ethical frameworks governing animal experimentation are a hallmark of modern biology. While most countries have ethical standards regarding the use of animals for scientific purposes, experiments involving insects are not included in these standards. With studies in recent years suggesting that insects may possess faculties akin to emotive states, there is growing discussion surrounding the ethical implications of scientific experimentation involving insects. This paper explores some of the current evidence for the ability of insects to experience emotive states and (...)
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  4. added 2018-10-10
    Animal Models in Forensic Science Research: Justified Use or Ethical Exploitation?Calvin Gerald Mole & Marise Heyns - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    A moral dilemma exists in biomedical research relating to the use of animal or human tissue when conducting scientific research. In human ethics, researchers need to justify why the use of humans is necessary should suitable models exist. Conversely, in animal ethics, a researcher must justify why research cannot be carried out on suitable alternatives. In the case of medical procedures or therapeutics testing, the use of animal models is often justified. However, in forensic research, the justification may be less (...)
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  5. added 2018-10-10
    Discussing the Use of Animal Models in Biomedical Research Via Role Play Simulation.Alessandro Siani - forthcoming - International Journal of Ethics Education:1-13.
    Educational institutions have a responsibility not only to provide a solid theoretical background on scientific phenomena, but to also frame them within the wider social context and highlight their numerous ethical implications. It is fundamental that tomorrow’s scientists be encouraged to develop an informed and critical approach towards scientific issues that, as in the case of animal experimentation, bring undeniable advantages to our society while carrying highly controversial moral implications. However, despite the considerable social and scientific relevance of the use (...)
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  6. added 2018-10-10
    Ethical Questions for Research Ethics: Animal Research in China.Deborah Cao - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (2):138.
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  7. added 2018-10-10
    Animal Research Is an Ethical Issue for Humans as Well as for Animals.Kathy Archibald - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (1):1.
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  8. added 2018-10-10
    Discussions of Animal Research Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks.Stacy M. Lopresti-Goodman & Justin R. Goodman - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (1):39.
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  9. added 2018-10-10
    Can We Use Social Policy to Enhance Compliance with Moral Obligations to Animals?John Basl & Gina Schouten - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):629-647.
    Those who wish to abolish or restrict the use of non-human animals in so-called factory farming and/or experimentation often argue that these animal use practices are incommensurate with animals’ moral status. If sound, these arguments would establish that, as a matter of ethics or justice, we should voluntarily abstain from the immoral animal use practices in question. But these arguments can’t and shouldn’t be taken to establish a related conclusion: that the moral status of animals justifies political intervention to disallow (...)
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  10. added 2018-10-10
    Fellow Creatures: Our Obligations to the Other Animals.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Christine M. Korsgaard presents a compelling new view of our moral relationships to the other animals. She offers challenging answers to such questions as: Are people superior to animals, and does it matter morally if we are? Is it all right for us to eat animals, experiment on them, make them work for us, and keep them as pets?
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  11. added 2018-10-10
    Balancing Animal Welfare and Assisted Reproduction: Ethics of Preclinical Animal Research for Testing New Reproductive Technologies.Verna Jans, Wybo Dondorp, Ellen Goossens, Heidi Mertes, Guido Pennings & Guido de Wert - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (4):537-545.
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  12. added 2018-10-10
    The Ethical Justification for the Use of Non-Human Primates in Research: The Weatherall Report Revisited.Gardar Arnason - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):328-331.
    The Weatherall report on the use of non-human primates in research was published in 2006. Its main conclusion was that there is a strong scientific case for the use of non-human primates in some cases, but the report stressed the importance of evaluating each case in the light of the availability of alternatives. In addition to arguing for the scientific necessity of using non-human primates in research, the report also provided an ethical justification. As could be expected, the report was (...)
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  13. added 2018-10-10
    A Flimsy Case for the Use of Non-Human Primates in Research: A Reply to Arnason.Catia Faria - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):332-333.
    The Weatherall Report claims that research on non-human primates is permitted and morally required. The argument rests on the following thought experiment: > The hospital fire : A hospital is on fire. Some of the residents are humans and others are non-human animals. You can only save one group. What do you do? Some people have the intuition that we should rescue the humans. According to the report, if we accept that human lives have priority over non-human lives in this (...)
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  14. added 2018-10-10
    Blinded by Conventional Science: Animal Experiments and Homeopathy.Delny L. Britton - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (2):123.
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  15. added 2018-10-10
    Animal Experimentation in 18th-Century Art: Joseph Wright of Derby: An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump.Linda Johnson - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (2):164.
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  16. added 2018-10-10
    Igniting Hanuman's Tail: Hindu and Indian Secular Views on Animal Experimentation.Kenneth R. Valpey - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (2):213.
    Contemporary Indian identification with Hindu traditions (whether more narrowly or broadly conceived) among champions of animal protection often invokes the well-known concept of ahiṁṣā—nonviolence, as the moral basis for the position against violence toward non-human animals. To foster a more informed comprehension of this notion, this paper sets out the complex character of religious practice as presented in the Hindu scripture Bhagavad-gītā, to explore how its tenets might meaningfully apply to the practice of animal experimentation.
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  17. added 2018-10-10
    How Do Human-Animal Emotional Relationships Influence Public Perceptions of Animal Use?Cox Laura & Montrose Tamara - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (1):44-53.
    Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal experimentation. From a relational ethical standpoint, the public may therefore perceive animal experimentation as being less acceptable than intensive farming. This study aimed to determine whether human-animal emotional relationships affect public attitudes regarding use of animals in intensive farming (...)
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  18. added 2018-10-10
    Against the Use of Knowledge Gained From Animal Experimentation.Rebecca Tuvel - 2015 - Societies 1 (5).
    While there exists considerable protest against the use of animals in experimentation, less protest is voiced against the use of knowledge gained from animal experimentation. Pulling from arguments against the use of Nazi data, I suggest that using knowledge gained from animal experimentation both disrespects animal victims and sustains the practice. It is thus pro tanto morally wrong.
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  19. added 2018-10-10
    How to Insure Against Utilitarian Overconfidence.Nicholas Agar - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (3-4):162-171.
    This paper addresses two examples of overconfident presentations of utilitarian moral conclusions. First, there is Peter Singer’s widely discussed claim that if the consequences of a medical experiment are sufficiently good to justify the use of animals, then we should be prepared to perform the experiment on human beings with equivalent mental capacities. Second, I consider defences of infanticide or after-birth abortion. I do not challenge the soundness of these arguments. Rather, I accuse those who seek to translate these conclusions (...)
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  20. added 2018-10-10
    Book Review: Donna Yarri, The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal . Xii + 220 Pp. N.P. , ISBN 0—19—518179—4. [REVIEW]David Clough - 2007 - Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (3):449-452.
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  21. added 2018-10-10
    Animals in Research (Book).D. Lamb - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (1):61.
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  22. added 2018-06-25
    Animal Research at DRDC Downsview - a Hidden History.Paul Bali - manuscript
    an overview of military research involving pigs, rats, and rabbits at DRDC Downsview [Toronto], from 2004 -2007. -/- appendix includes military docs secured thru an ATIP request by Animal Alliance Canada.
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  23. added 2018-05-09
    Shock the Monkey: Confessions of a Rational Animal Liberationist.Jeremy Yunt - 2004 - Philosophy Now 44:7-10.
    This paper examines the lack of moral clarity accompanying speciesism. Focusing on the many reasons the topic of animal rights deserves a closer look, it investigates such issues as animal experimentation, human diet, what should be the foundation of our moral reasoning when dealing with human-animal relationships, and the connection between speciesism, sexism, and racism.
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  24. added 2018-04-19
    Xenotransplantation, Subsistence Hunting and the Pursuit of Health: Lessons for Animal Rights-Based Vegan Advocacy.Nathan M. Nobis - 2018 - Between the Species 21 (1).
    I argue that, contrary to what Tom Regan suggests, his rights view implies that subsistence hunting is wrong, that is, killing animals for food is wrong even when they are the only available food source, since doing so violates animal rights. We can see that subsistence hunting is wrong on the rights view by seeing why animal experimentation, specifically xenotransplanation, is wrong on the rights view: if it’s wrong to kill an animal to take organs to save a human life, (...)
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  25. added 2018-04-12
    Harming Some to Enhance Others.Gary Comstock - 2015 - In Simon Bateman, Jean Gayon, Sylvie Allouche, Jerome Goffette & Michela Marzano (eds.), Inquiring into Animal Enhancement. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 49-78.
    Let us call the deliberate modification of an individual’s genome to improve it or its progeny intentional genetic enhancement. Governments are almost certain to require that any proposed intentional genetic enhancement of a human (IGEH) be tested first on (what researchers call) animal “models.” Intentional genetic enhancement of animals (IGEA), then, is an ambiguous concept because it could mean one of two very different things: an enhancement made for the sake of the animal’s own welfare, or an enhancement made for (...)
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  26. added 2017-11-08
    Opinions Over The Use Of Nonhuman Primates In Research Among Indonesian Students.Joakim Hagelin - 2004 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 14 (3):95-97.
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  27. added 2017-11-08
    Animals in Psychology Education and Student Choice.Paul F. Cunninghaml - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (1):191-212.
    This article identifies some of the important issues that underlie student-teacher conflicts regarding animal experimentation and dissection in psychology education. Understanding the reasons why students object to animal laboratories, why some teachers may refuse students access to non-animal alternatives, and why other teachers support student choice is an important first step in resolving student-teacher disputes regarding the use of animals in the psychology classroom. The article discusses why establishing an openly declared student choice policy at schools that use animals in (...)
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  28. added 2017-11-08
    A Comparison of Three Models for Ethical Evaluation of Proposed Animal Experiments.E. P. Theune - unknown
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  29. added 2017-11-08
    Laboratory Animal Husbandry: Ethology, Welfare, and Experimental Variables.Michael W. Fox - 1986 - State University of New York Press.
    The laboratory animal environment: room for concern.
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  30. added 2017-10-20
    Ethical and Political Approaches to Nonhuman Animal Issues: Towards an Undivided Future.Andrew Woodhall & Gabriel Garmendia da Trindade (eds.) - forthcoming - London: Palgrave MacMillan.
    This book offers ethical and political approaches to issues that nonhuman animals face. The recent ‘political turn’ in interspecies ethics, from ethical to political approaches, has arisen due to the apparent lack of success of the nonhuman animal movement and dissatisfaction with traditional approaches. Current works largely present general positions rather than address specific issues and principally rely on mainstream approaches. This book offers alternative positions such as cosmopolitan, libertarian, and left humanist thought, as well as applying ethical and political (...)
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  31. added 2017-10-20
    Animal Models in Translational Research: Rosetta Stone or Stumbling Block?Jessica A. Bolker - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (12):1700089.
    Leading animal models are powerful tools for translational research, but they also present obstacles. Poorly conducted preclinical research in animals is a common cause of translational failure, but even when such research is well-designed and carefully executed, challenges remain. In particular, dominant models may bias research directions, elide essential aspects of human disease, omit important context, or subtly shift research targets. Recognizing these stumbling blocks can help us find ways to avoid them: employing a wider range of models, incorporating more (...)
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  32. added 2017-10-20
    Islamic Bioethics and Animal Research: The Case of Iran.Robert Tappan - 2017 - Journal of Religious Ethics 45 (3):562-578.
    Despite growing interest in Islamic bioethics, little work has been done on research ethics in Islam, and even less on animal research ethics. This essay explores religious and scientific insights into the lives of animals used as research subjects, particularly in Iran. The inner lives of animals and their relationship to their Creator as relayed by the Qur'an, ethological research on animal minds, and neuroethical reflection on painience are brought together to question the current, relatively unrestricted use of research animals (...)
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  33. added 2017-10-20
    Human-Nonhuman Chimeras, Ontology, and Dignity: A Constructivist Approach to the Ethics of Conducting Research on Cross-Species Hybrids.Jonathan Vajda - 2016 - Hilltop Review: A Journal of Western Michigan University Graduate Student Research 9 (1):49-62.
    Developments in biological technology in the last few decades highlight the surprising and ever-expanding practical benefits of stem cells. With this progress, the possibility of combining human and nonhuman organisms is a reality, with ethical boundaries that are not readily obvious. These inter-species hybrids are of a larger class of biological entities called “chimeras.” As the concept of a human-nonhuman creature is conjured in our minds, either incredulous wonder or grotesque horror is likely to follow. This paper seeks to mitigate (...)
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  34. added 2017-10-20
    Research Ethics: A Philosophical Guide to the Responsible Conduct of Research.Comstock Gary - 2013 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Education in the responsible conduct of research typically takes the form of online instructions about rules, regulations, and policies. Research Ethics takes a novel approach and emphasizes the art of philosophical decision-making. Part A introduces egoism and explains that it is in the individual's own interest to avoid misconduct, fabrication of data, plagiarism and bias. Part B explains contractualism and covers issues of authorship, peer review and responsible use of statistics. Part C introduces moral rights as the basis of informed (...)
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  35. added 2017-10-20
    Research Ethics: A Philosophical Guide to the Responsible Conduct of Research.Comstock Gary - 2013 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Education in the responsible conduct of research typically takes the form of online instructions about rules, regulations, and policies. Research Ethics takes a novel approach and emphasizes the art of philosophical decision-making. Part A introduces egoism and explains that it is in the individual's own interest to avoid misconduct, fabrication of data, plagiarism and bias. Part B explains contractualism and covers issues of authorship, peer review and responsible use of statistics. Part C introduces moral rights as the basis of informed (...)
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  36. added 2017-10-20
    Introduction: Experimenting with Animals in the Early Modern Era. [REVIEW]Anita Guerrini & Domenico Bertoloni Meli - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (2):167-170.
    The aim of this special issue is to address issues surrounding the use of live animals in experimental procedures in the pre-modern era, with a special emphasis on the technical, anatomical, and philosophical sides. Such use raises philosophical, scientific, and ethical questions about the nature of life, the reliability of the knowledge acquired, and animal suffering.
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  37. added 2017-10-20
    Animal Experiments, Vital Forces and Courtrooms: Mateu Orfila, François Magendie and the Study of Poisons in Nineteenth-Century France.José Bertomeu-sánchez - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (2):1-6.
    The paper follows the lives of Mateu Orfila and François Magendie in early nineteenth-century Paris, focusing on their common interest in poisons. The first part deals with the striking similarities of their early careers: their medical training, their popular private lectures, and their first publications. The next section explores their experimental work on poisons by analyzing their views on physical and vital forces in living organisms and their ideas about the significance of animal experiments in medicine. The last part describes (...)
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  38. added 2017-10-20
    Popular Media and Animals.Claire Molloy - 2011 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    'Animals sell papers' : the value of animal stories -- Media and animal debates : welfare, rights, 'animal lovers' and terrorists -- Stars : animal performers -- Wild : authenticity and getting closer to nature -- Experimental : the visibility of experimental animals -- Farmed : selling animal products -- Hunted : recreational killing -- Monsters : horrors and moral panics -- Beginning at the end : re-imagining human-animal relations.
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  39. added 2017-10-20
    Research Ethics: The Role of ‘Public Opinion’ in the UK Animal Research Debate.P. Hobson-West - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):46-49.
    Animal research remains a deeply controversial topic in biomedical science. While a vast amount has been written about the ethical status of laboratory animals, far less academic attention has been devoted to the public and, more specifically, to public opinion. Rather than what the public think, this article considers the role of ‘public opinion’. It draws on a recent empirical study which involved interviews with laboratory scientists who use animals in their research, and with other UK stakeholders. The first section (...)
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  40. added 2017-10-20
    Is the Use of Sentient Animals in Basic Research Justifiable?Ray Greek & Jean Greek - 2010 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5:14.
    Animals can be used in many ways in science and scientific research. Given that society values sentient animals and that basic research is not goal oriented, the question is raised.
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  41. added 2017-10-20
    Animals in Surgery — Surgery in Animals: Nature and Culture in Animal-Human Relationship and Modern Surgery.Thomas Schlich, Eric Mykhalovskiy & Melanie Rock - 2009 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 31 (3-4):321 - 354.
    This paper looks at the entangled histories of animal-human relationship and modem surgery. It starts with the various different roles animals have in surgery - patients, experimental models and organ providers - and analyses where these seemingly contradictory positions of animals come from historically. The analyses is based on the assumption that both the heterogeneous relationships of humans to animals and modern surgery are the results of fundamentally local, contingent and situated developments and not reducible to large-scale social explanations, such (...)
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  42. added 2017-10-20
    A Question of Ethics—Publication Policy and Animals in Research.Ellen Silbergeld - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):61-62.
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  43. added 2017-10-20
    Creation and Use of Transgenic Animals in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Research: Animal Welfare and Ethical Concerns.Catherine M. Klein - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):7-26.
    The creation of transgenic animals has application in the following areas of pharmaceutical and biomedical research: the production of biopharmaceuticals for human use; the production of organs for xenotransplantation; and the generation of animal models for human genetic diseases. Nuclear transfer technology offers a more precise and efficient way of performing genetic modification and creating transgenic animals than the more traditional method of pronuclear microinjection. This paper will review nuclear transfer as ameans of producing transgenic animals; introduce advantages nuclear transfer (...)
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  44. added 2017-10-20
    On the Moral Status of Humanized Chimeras and the Concept of Human Dignity.An Ravelingien, Johan Braeckman & Mike Legge - 2006 - Between the Species 13 (6):7.
    Recent advances in the technology of creating chimeras have evoked controversy in policy debates. At centre of controversy is the fear that a substantial contribution of human cells or genes in crucial areas of the animal’s body may at some point render the animal more humanlike than any other animals we know today. Authors who have commented on or contributed to policy debates specify that chimeras which would be too humanlike would have an altered moral status and threaten our notion (...)
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  45. added 2017-10-20
    The Unequal Case for Animal Rights.Eric Moore - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (3):295-312.
    I argue that the equal rights views of Tom Regan and Evelyn B. Pluhar must be rejected because they have unacceptable consequences. My objection is similar to one made in the literature by Mary Anne Warren, but I develop it in more detail and defend it from several plausible responses that an equal rights theorist might make. I formulate a theory, a moderate form of perfectionism, that makes a valuedistinction between moral agents and moral patients according to which although both (...)
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  46. added 2017-10-20
    Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation.Hugh Lafollette & Niall Shanks - 1999 - Ethics and the Environment 4 (1):115-121.
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  47. added 2017-10-20
    Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation.Hugh Lafollette & Niall Shanks - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4):621-624.
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  48. added 2017-10-20
    Teaching Ethics in Science and Engineering: Animals in Research.Dale Jamieson - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (2):185-186.
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  49. added 2017-10-20
    Are Smelly Animals Happy Animals? Competing Definitions of Laboratory Animal Cruelty and Public Policy.Julian M. Sosc Groves - 1994 - Society and Animals 2 (2):125-144.
    Regulations surrounding laboratory animal care have tried to address aspects of an image of laboratory animal cruelty publicized by animal rights activists. This image of cruelty, however, is not consistent with the experiences of those charged with the day-to-day care of laboratory animals. This article examines the incongruities between the public image of cruelty to animals in laboratories as promoted by animal rights activists, and the experiences of laboratory animal care staff who apply and enforce laboratory animal care regulations. In (...)
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  50. added 2017-10-20
    The Intact Systems Argument: Problems with the Standard Defense of Animal Experimentation.Hugh Lafollette & Niall Shanks - 1993 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):323-333.
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1 — 50 / 471