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  1. Animal Psychology and Ethology in Britain and the Emergence of Professional Concern for the Concept of Ethical Cost.H. A. - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (2):235-262.
    It has been argued that if an animal is psychologically like us, there may be more scientific reason to experiment upon it, but less moral justification to do so. Some scientists deny the existence of this dilemma, claiming that although there are scientifically valuable similarities between humans and animals that make experimentation worthwhile, humans are at the same time unique and fundamentally different. This latter response is, ironically, typical of pre-Darwinian beliefs in the relationship between human and non-human animals. Another (...)
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  2. The Politics and Ethics of Animal Experimentation.Elisa Aaltola - 2005 - International Journal of Biotechnology 7 (4):234-249.
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  3. The Flaws and Human Harms of Animal Experimentation.Aysha Akhtar - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (4):407-419.
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  4. Letter to the Editor: The Function of Animal Ethics Committee.David G. Allen & Rebecca Halligan - 2013 - Between the Species 16 (1):1.
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  5. Biocentric Ethics and Animal Prosperity.A. T. Anchustegui - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):105-119.
    Singer’s utilitarian and Regan’s deontological views must be rejected because: (1) they rely on criteria for moral standing that can only be known a priori and (2) if these criteria were successful, they’d be too restrictive. I hold that while mental properties may be sufficient for moral standing, they are not necessary. (3) Their criteria of moral standing do not unambiguously abrogate needless harm to animals. I defend a theory of biocentric individualism that upholds the principle of species egalitarianism while (...)
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  6. Australian Animal Ethics Committees: We Have Come a Long Way.Warwick P. Anderson & Michael A. Perry - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (1):80-86.
    Twenty years ago, Australian biomedical researchers took the first steps along a pathway toward common ground with opponents of the use of animals in science. Leaders of Australian medical research at that time saw the necessity of established science facing the ethical and political challenges that a revived antivivisectionist movement was mounting in the late 1970s and the 1980s.
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  7. Commentary on “the Gladiator Sparrow: Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research on Captive Populations of Wild Animals”.Lida Anestidou - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):731-734.
    This case involves invasive research on captive wild populations of birds to study aggressive animal behavior. The case and associated commentaries raise and examine fundamental issues: whether and under what conditions, such research is ethically justified when the research has no expected, direct application to the human species; the moral status of animals and how one balances concern for the animal’s interests against the value of gains in scientific knowledge. They also emphasize the issue of the importance of a thorough (...)
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  8. The Animal Ethics Reader.Susan J. Armstrong & Richard G. Botzler (eds.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    The Animal Ethics Reader is an acclaimed anthology containing both classic and contemporary readings, making it ideal for anyone coming to the subject for the first time. It provides a thorough introduction to the central topics, controversies and ethical dilemmas surrounding the treatment of animals, covering a wide range of contemporary issues, such as animal activism, genetic engineering, and environmental ethics. The extracts are arranged thematically under the following clear headings: Theories of Animal Ethics Nonhuman Animal Experiences Primates and Cetaceans (...)
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  9. The Animal Ethics Reader.Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler (eds.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    The Animal Ethics Reader is the first comprehensive, state-of-the-art anthology of readings on this substantial area of study and interest. A subject that regularly captures the headlines, the book is designed to appeal to anyone interested in tracing the history of the subject, as well as providing a powerful insight into the debate as it has developed. The recent wealth of material published in this area has not, until now, been collected in one volume. Readings are arranged thematically, carefully presenting (...)
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  10. Animal Ethics Reader.Susan Armstrong & Richard G. Botzler (eds.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    The Animal Ethics Reader is the first comprehensive, state-of-the-art anthology of readings on this substantial area of study and interest. A subject that regularly captures the headlines, the book is designed to appeal to anyone interested in tracing the history of the subject, as well as providing a powerful insight into the debate as it has developed. The recent wealth of material published in this area has not, until now, been collected in one volume. Readings are arranged thematically, carefully presenting (...)
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  11. Animal Research at DRDC Downsview - a Hidden History.Paul Bali - manuscript
    an overview of military research involving pigs, rats, and rabbits at DRDC Downsview [Toronto], from 2004 -2007. -/- appendix includes military docs secured thru an ATIP request by Animal Alliance Canada.
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  12. Humans and Hybrids: A Critique of the Western Moral Framework.Angela Ballantyne - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):3.
    This paper uses the advent of human-animal hybrids, created though somatic cell nuclear transfer experiments in America and Australia, as a tool to deconstruct and challenge the dualistic belief that humans are morally distinct and superior to animals. The view that moral value corresponds to species membership creates a scientific and cultural environment that prohibits or restricts human embryo experimentation whilst permitting the extensive use of animals for research. The dualistic premise therefore motivates the creation of human-animal hybrids for research (...)
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  13. In Search of Responsible Medicine.Neal D. Barnard - 1993 - Between the Species 9 (2):18.
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  14. Lives in the Balance: Utilitarianism and Animal Research.Robert Bass - 2012 - In Jeremy Garrett (ed.), The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy. MIT Press.
    In the long history of moral theory, non-human animals—hereafter, just animals—have often been neglected entirely or have been relegated to some secondary status. Since its emergence in the early 19th century, utilitarianism has made a difference in that respect by focusing upon happiness or well-being (and their contraries) rather than upon the beings who suffer or enjoy. Inevitably, that has meant that human relations to and use of other animals have appeared in a different light. Some cases have seemed easy: (...)
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  15. Ethical Debates About Animal Suffering and the Use of Animals in Research.Patrick Bateson - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (9-10):9-10.
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  16. Opposing Views on Animal Experimentation: Do Animals Have Rights?Tom L. Beauchamp - 1997 - Ethics and Behavior 7 (2):113 – 121.
    Animals have moral standing; that is, they have properties (including the ability to feel pain) that qualify them for the protections of morality. It follows from this that humans have moral obligations toward animals, and because rights are logically correlative to obligations, animals have rights.
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  17. The Moral Standing of Animals in Medical Research.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):7-16.
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  18. Rethinking the Ethics of Research Involving Nonhuman Animals: Introduction.Tom L. Beauchamp, Hope R. Ferdowsian & John P. Gluck - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):91-96.
    In the relatively short time since 2006—when Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics published an issue on moral issues relevant to the use of nonhuman animals in research [1]—significant changes have occurred for nonhuman animals in many quarters. Public sentiment, new policy initiatives, and scientific studies of nonhuman animals’ capacities have all influenced the ways in which nonhuman animals are perceived and treated in research. Today, a large body of information is available for use in decision making about the acceptability of using (...)
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  19. The Upper Limits of Pain and Suffering in Animal Research.Tom L. Beauchamp & David B. Morton - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (4):431-447.
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  20. Autonomy in Chimpanzees.Tom L. Beauchamp & Victoria Wobber - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):117-132.
    Literature on the mental capacities and cognitive mechanisms of the great apes has been silent about whether they can act autonomously. This paper provides a philosophical theory of autonomy supported by psychological studies of the cognitive mechanisms that underlie chimpanzee behavior to argue that chimpanzees can act autonomously even though their psychological mechanisms differ from those of humans. Chimpanzees satisfy the two basic conditions of autonomy: (1) liberty (the absence of controlling influences) and (2) agency (self-initiated intentional action), each of (...)
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  21. Animals Matter: A Biologist Explains Why We Should Treat Animals with Compassion and Respect.Marc Bekoff - 2007 - Distributed in the United States by Random House.
    Bekoff urges us not only to understand and protect animals—especially those whose help we want for our research and other human needs—but to love and ...
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  22. Hugh LaFollette and Niall Shanks, Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation:Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation.David Benatar - 1999 - Ethics 110 (1):207-211.
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  23. Perpetration-Induced Traumatic Stress in Persons Who Euthanize Nonhuman Animals in Surgeries, Animal Shelters, and Laboratories.Vanessa Rohlf Bennett & Pauleen - 2005 - Society and Animals 13 (3):201-220.
    This study explored possible identification of Perpetration-induced Traumatic Stress in workers whose occupations required euthanizing nonhuman animals and determining whether event or person-related factors influenced symptoms. The sample included 148 animal workers: veterinarians, veterinary nurses, and research and animal shelter staff. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised assessed traumatic stress. Experimenters constructed additional scales measuring satisfaction with social support, participation in various types of training, and concern over animal death. More than 70% of participants reported affinity toward animals had strongly influenced (...)
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  24. [The controversy over animal electricity in 18th-century Italy: Galvani, Volta, and others].W. Bernardi - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):53-70.
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  25. Animal Research.J. Bernstein - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (2):119-119.
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  26. Animal Rights V Animal Research: A Modest Proposal.J. Bernstein - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (5):300-303.
    The practical problem of assuaging the opponents of animal research may be solved without formally addressing (or resolving) the underlying ethical questions of the debate. Specifically, a peaceful boycott of the "fruits" of animal research may lead to a wider cessation of such research, than, say, vocal or even violent protest. To assist those who might wish to participate in such a boycott- and, moreover, to critically inform them of the implications of their actions-1 offer a modest proposal: the use (...)
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  27. Without a Tear: Our Tragic Relationship with Animals.Mark H. Bernstein - 2004 - University of Illinois Press.
    The principle of gratuitous suffering -- The value of humans and the value of animals -- The holocaust of factory farming -- Hunting -- Animal experimentation -- The law and animals -- Women and animals.
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  28. Animal Experiments, Vital Forces and Courtrooms: Mateu Orfila, François Magendie and the Study of Poisons in Nineteenth-Century France.José Bertomeu-sánchez - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (2):1-6.
    The paper follows the lives of Mateu Orfila and François Magendie in early nineteenth-century Paris, focusing on their common interest in poisons. The first part deals with the striking similarities of their early careers: their medical training, their popular private lectures, and their first publications. The next section explores their experimental work on poisons by analyzing their views on physical and vital forces in living organisms and their ideas about the significance of animal experiments in medicine. The last part describes (...)
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  29. Animal Experiments, Vital Forces and Courtrooms: Mateu Orfila, François Magendie and the Study of Poisons in Nineteenth-Century France.José Ramón Bertomeu-Sánchez - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (1):1-26.
    Summary The paper follows the lives of Mateu Orfila and François Magendie in early nineteenth-century Paris, focusing on their common interest in poisons. The first part deals with the striking similarities of their early careers: their medical training, their popular private lectures, and their first publications. The next section explores their experimental work on poisons by analyzing their views on physical and vital forces in living organisms and their ideas about the significance of animal experiments in medicine. The last part (...)
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  30. Reinventing Biology Respect for Life and the Creation of Knowledge.Lynda I. A. Birke & Ruth Hubbard - 1995
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  31. Pathologien an der Nahtstelle von Recht und Ethik in der Biomedizin.Dieter Birnbacher - 2010 - Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 96 (4):435-448.
    Contrary to one of the tenets of normativism in the philosophy of law the law is not universally a self-contained normative system but takes in part recourse to the norms of extra-legal disciplines and institutions. This recourse is significant especially where legal judgements involve highly complex judgements requiring the help of experts or are meant to give room to adaptations to fast-changing scientific or technical developments. The contribution critically reviews the references the present German biolaw makes to non-legal norms and (...)
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  32. Animated Bodies in Immunological Practices: Craftsmanship, Embodied Knowledge, Emotions and Attitudes Toward Animals.Daniel Bischur - 2011 - Human Studies 34 (4):407-429.
    Taking up the body turn in sociology, this paper discusses scientific practices as embodied action from the perspective of Husserl’s phenomenological theory of the “Body”. Based on ethnographic data on a biology laboratory it will discuss the importance of the scientist’s Body for the performance of scientific activities. Successful researchers have to be skilled workers using their embodied knowledge for the process of tinkering towards the material transformation of their objects for data production. The researcher’s body then is an instrument (...)
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  33. Vivisecting Major: A Victorian Gentleman Scientist Defends Animal Experimentation, 1876–1885.Rob Boddice - 2011 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 102:215-237.
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  34. Vivisecting Major: A Victorian Gentleman Scientist Defends Animal Experimentation, 1876–1885.Rob Boddice - 2011 - Isis 102 (2):215-237.
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  35. Antimal Experimentation and Human Rights.Rick Bogle - 2003 - Human Rights Review 4 (2):53-61.
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  36. Animal Models in Translational Research: Rosetta Stone or Stumbling Block?Jessica A. Bolker - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (12):1700089.
    Leading animal models are powerful tools for translational research, but they also present obstacles. Poorly conducted preclinical research in animals is a common cause of translational failure, but even when such research is well-designed and carefully executed, challenges remain. In particular, dominant models may bias research directions, elide essential aspects of human disease, omit important context, or subtly shift research targets. Recognizing these stumbling blocks can help us find ways to avoid them: employing a wider range of models, incorporating more (...)
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  37. A ética no uso de animais.Alcino Eduardo Bonella - 2012 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 17 (2):11-41.
    This article discusses the use of nonhuman animals in three related aspects: 1) factual aspects about the treatment that we, humans, dispense to other animals, especially in meat and animal experimentation industries; 2) evaluative issues about the ethics of this treatment as we see in the ethical arguments pro (Singer; Regan) and contra (Naverson; Cohen); 3) some practical aspects about what we should to do. The ethical evaluation gives fundaments to the practical aspects that we conclude, with suggestions of actions, (...)
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  38. Disputes Over Moral Status: Philosophy and Science in the Future of Bioethics.Lisa Bortolotti - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (2):153-8.
    Various debates in bioethics have been focused on whether non-persons, such as marginal humans or non-human animals, deserve respectful treatment. It has been argued that, where we cannot agree on whether these individuals have moral status, we might agree that they have symbolic value and ascribe to them moral value in virtue of their symbolic significance. In the paper I resist the suggestion that symbolic value is relevant to ethical disputes in which the respect for individuals with no intrinsic moral (...)
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  39. The Use of Animal Models in Behavioural Neuroscience Research.B. Bovenkerk & F. Kaldewaij - unknown
    Animal models are used in experiments in the behavioural neurosciences that aim to contribute to the prevention and treatment of cognitive and affective disorders in human beings, such as anxiety and depression. Ironically, those animals that are likely to be the best models for psychopathology are also likely to be considered the ones that are most morally problematic to use, if it seems probable that they have experiences that are similar to human experiences that we have strong reasons to avoid (...)
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  40. Ethical Review of Research Involving Animals a Role for Instiutional Ethics Committees?Kenneth M. Boyd - 1995 - Boyd Group.
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  41. Personality Differences Between Pro- and Antivivisectionists.John Broida, Joseph Miele, Robert Kimball & Leanne Tingley - 1993 - Society and Animals 1 (2):129-144.
    We examined the possibility that opinions on the animal rights debate reflect differences in personality. Our survey of 1055 college students compared scores on the Myers-Briggs Type Inventory and other personality measures with scores on the Animal Research Survey. We found people supportive of animal experimentation more likely to be male, masculine, conservative and less empathic than those opposed to it. Animal rights advocates were more likely to support vegetarianism and to be more ecologically concerned. They also indicated less faith (...)
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  42. Bioethics for Scientists.J. A. Bryant, Linda Baggott la Velle & John Searle (eds.) - 2002 - Wiley.
    A dictionary definition of Bioethics is, 'the ethics, or moral principles and rules of conduct, of medical and biological research'. This book is an introductory text of just biological and not medical bioethics. It covers the ethics of experimentation, including genetic manipulation, in plants and animals; ethics and biodiversity, ethics and the environment. There is increasing interest in bioethics - both in academia and by the media and the general public. Awareness of bioethics is incorporated into Biological / Environmental Science (...)
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  43. Animal Minds and Neuroimaging: Bridging the Gap Between Science and Ethics?Tom Buller - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (2):173-181.
    As Colin Allen has argued, discussions between science and ethics about the mentality and moral status of nonhuman animals often stall on account of the fact that the properties that ethics presents as evidence of animal mentality and moral status, namely consciousness and sentience, are not observable “scientifically respectable” properties. In order to further discussion between science and ethics, it seems, therefore, that we need to identify properties that would satisfy both domains.In this article I examine the mentality and moral (...)
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  44. Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation (Review).Keith Burgess-Jackson - 1999 - Ethics and the Environment 4 (1):115-121.
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  45. Bioethics: The Basics.Alastair V. Campbell - 2013 - Routledge.
    Bioethics: The Basics is an introduction to the foundational principles, theories and issues in the study of medical and biological ethics. Readers are introduced to bioethics from the ground up before being invited to consider some of the most controversial but important questions facing us today. Topics addressed include: The range of moral theories underpinning bioethics Arguments for the rights and wrongs of abortion, euthanasia and animal research Healthcare ethics including the nature of the practitioner-patient relationship Public policy ethics and (...)
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  46. The Utility of Basic Animal Research.Larry Carbone - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (s1):12-15.
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  47. Death by Decapitation: A Case Study of the Scientific Definition of Animal Welfare.Lawrence G. Carbone - 1997 - Society and Animals 5 (3):239-256.
    Assessments of animal experience and consciousness are embedded in all issues of animal welfare policy, and the field of animal welfare science has been developed to make these evaluations. In light of modern studies of the social construction of scientific knowledge, it is surprising how little attention has been paid to date on how crucial evaluations about animals are made. In this paper, I begin to fill that gap by presenting a historical case study of the attempt to define the (...)
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  48. Animals in the Research Laboratory: Science or Pseudoscience?George D. Catalano - 1990 - Between the Species: A Journal of Ethics 6 (1):17-21.
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  49. Review Of: The Foundations of Bioethics. [REVIEW]Paola Cavalieri - 1994 - Between the Species 10 (3):11.
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  50. Beasts of Burden: Animals and Laboratory Research in Colonial India.Pratik Chakrabarti - 2010 - History of Science 48 (2):125-151.
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