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  1. added 2020-04-09
    Rapamycin: Risking Harm for Canine Longevity.C. E. Abbate - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):60-61.
  2. added 2020-03-13
    Extrapolating From Laboratory Behavioral Research on Non-Human Primates is Unjustified.Parker Crutchfield - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    Conducting research on animals is supposed to be valuable because it provides information on how human mechanisms work. But for the use of animal models to be ethically justified, it must be epistemically justified. The inference from an observation about an animal model to a conclusion about humans must be warranted for the use of animals to be moral. When researchers infer from animals to humans, it’s an extrapolation. Often non-human primates are used as animal models in laboratory behavioral research. (...)
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  3. added 2020-02-14
    Animal Rights and the Duty to Harm: When to Be a Harm Causing Deontologist.C. E. Abbate - 2020 - Journal for Ethics and Moral Philosophy:1-22.
    An adequate theory of rights ought to forbid the harming of animals (human or nonhuman) to promote trivial interests of humans, as is often done in the animal-user industries. But what should the rights view say about situations in which harming some animals is necessary to prevent intolerable injustices to other animals? I develop an account of respectful treatment on which, under certain conditions, it’s justified to intentionally harm some individuals to prevent serious harm to others. This can be compatible (...)
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  4. added 2019-12-30
    Engendering Moral Post‐Persons: A Novel Self‐Help Strategy.Parker Crutchfield - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    Humans are morally deficient in a variety of ways. Some of these deficiencies threaten the continued existence of our species. For example, we appear to be incapable of responding to climate change in ways that are likely to prevent the consequent suffering. Some people are morally better than others, but we could all be better. The price of not becoming morally better is that when those events that threaten us occur, we will suffer from them. If we can prevent this (...)
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  5. added 2019-07-29
    “The Animal” After Derrida: Interrogating the Bioethics of Geno-Cide.Norman Swazo - 2013 - Les Ateliers de L'Éthique 8 (1):91-123.
    Bioethics tends to be dominated by discourses concerned with the ethical dimension of medical practice, the organization of medical care, and the integrity of biomedical research involving human subjects and animal testing. Jacques Derrida has explored the fundamental question of the “limit” that identifies and differentiates the human animal from the nonhuman animal. However, to date his work has not received any reception in the field of biomedical ethics. In this paper, I examine what Derrida’s thought about this limit might (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Biomedical Testing on Nonhuman Animals: An Attempt at a Rapprochement Between Utilitarianism and Theories of Inherent Value.Alan C. Clune - 1996 - The Monist 79 (2):230-246.
    In this paper I will argue that there is a way to reconcile the goals of two seemingly incompatible perspectives on the subject of research involving nonhuman animals: the utilitarian position and the inherent value position. The utilitarian holds that humans generally have a higher moral status than nonhumans. The rights theorist holds that the moral status of some nonhuman animals is equivalent to that of humans in virtue of their both possessing inherent value. These two positions are in opposition (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-05
    Ethical Issues of Mammoth Proportions? Reviving and Re-Engineering the Extinct.Maureen O'Sullivan - 2015 - Journal of Animal Ethics 5 (2):195.
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  8. added 2019-04-16
    A Moderate Buddhist Animal Research Ethics.Andrew Fenton - 2019 - Developing World Bioethics 19 (2):106-115.
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  9. added 2019-04-16
    Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change.Kathrin Herrmann & Kimberley Jayne (eds.) - 2019 - Brill.
    _Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change_ critically appraises current animal use in science and discusses ways in which we can contribute to a paradigm change towards human-biology based approaches.
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  10. added 2019-04-16
    A Randomized Trial of Rapamycin to Increase Longevity and Healthspan in Companion Animals: Navigating the Boundary Between Protections for Animal Research and Human Subjects Research.Holly A. Taylor, Christian Morales, Liza-Marie Johnson & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):58-59.
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  11. added 2019-04-16
    The Use of Non-Human Primates in Research.Kate Chatfield & David Norton - 2018 - In D. Schroeder, J. Cook, F. Hirsch, S. Fenet & V. Muthuswamy (eds.), Ethics Dumping: Case Studies from North-South Research Collaborations. Springer.
    The use of non-human primates in biomedical research is a contentious issue that raises serious ethical and practical concerns. In the European Union, where regulations on their use are very tight, the number of non-human primates used in research has been in decline over the past decade. However, this decline has been paralleled by an increase in numbers used elsewhere in the world, with less regard for some of the ethical issues. There is evidence that researchers from high-income countries, where (...)
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  12. added 2019-04-16
    The European Politics of Animal Experimentation: From Victorian Britain to ‘Stop Vivisection’.Pierre-Luc Germain, Luca Chiapperino & Giuseppe Testa - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 64:75-87.
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  13. added 2019-04-16
    Animal Research, Animal Welfare, and the Three R's.Bernard E. Rollin - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law 10:1-11.
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  14. added 2019-04-16
    Journal Editorial Policies, Animal Welfare, and the 3Rs.Nicola Osborne, Daisy Payne & Michael Newman - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):55-59.
    This study evaluates the editorial policies of a randomized sample of English language peer-reviewed journals that publish original research involving the use of animals. The aim is to identify whether journals have editorial policies relating to the use of animals in the research that they are prepared to publish and whether any policies are likely to promote animal welfare and dissemination of information on the 3Rs within the scientific community. The results demonstrate that a significant proportion of journals publishing original (...)
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  15. added 2019-04-16
    Non-Human Primates: The Appropriate Subjects of Biomedical Research?M. Quigley - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (11):655-658.
    Following the publication of the Weatherall report on the use of non-human primates in research, this paper reflects on how to provide appropriate and ethical models for research beneficial to humankind. Two of the main justifications for the use of non-human primates in biomedical research are analysed. These are the “least-harm/greatest-good” argument and the “capacity” argument. This paper argues that these are equally applicable when considering whether humans are appropriate subjects of biomedical research.
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  16. added 2019-04-16
    What Will We Do? Well, What Have We Done? [REVIEW]Rob Lovering - 2003 - Medical Humanities 17:2.
    This is a review of Anita Guerrini's Experimenting with Humans and Animals: From Galen to Animal Rights (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003).
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  17. added 2019-04-16
    Before There Were Standards: The Role of Test Animals in the Production of Empirical Generality in Physiology. [REVIEW]Cheryl A. Logan - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (2):329-363.
    After 1900, the selective breeding of a few standard animals for research in the life sciences changed the way science was done. Among the pervasive changes was a transformation in scientists' assumptions about relationship between diversity and generality. Examination of the contents of two prominent physiology journals between 1885 and 1900, reveals that scientists used a diverse array of organisms in empirical research. Experimental physiologists gave many reasons for the choice of test animals, some practical and others truly comparative. But, (...)
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  18. added 2019-04-16
    Animals in Research: For and Against: L Grayson. The British Library, 2000, Pound35, Pp 300. ISBN 071230858X. [REVIEW]D. Lamb - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (1):61-61.
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  19. added 2019-04-16
    Research Ethics.Deborah R. Barnbaum & Michael Byron - 2001 - Prentice-Hall.
    Original chapters complement anthologized readings on topics in research ethics such as informed consent, the use of humans and animals in research, research misconduct, and conflicts of interest.
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  20. added 2019-04-16
    The Use of Animals in Biomedical Research.Joakim Hagelin, Hans-Erik Carlsson & J. Hau - 1999 - Nursing Ethics 6 (2):173.
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  21. added 2019-04-16
    A Christian Perspective on the Use of Animals for Medical Research and Transplantation.J. Aristondo - 1994 - Ethics and Medicine: A Christian Perspective on Issues in Bioethics 11 (3):56-67.
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  22. added 2019-04-16
    The Legal Status of Farm Animals in Research.Bernard E. Rollin - 1991 - In Charles V. Blatz (ed.), Ethics and Agriculture: An Anthology on Current Issues in World Context. University of Idaho Press. pp. 331.
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  23. added 2019-04-16
    Galloping Sophistry: A Rat in the Lab is Worth Two in the Dump.Kenneth J. Shapiro - 1988 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 8 (2):47-54.
    The author comments on the work of G. G. Gallup and S. D. Suarez, specifically focusing on animal rights issues. Gallup and Suarez argue for the status quo in research practices involving nonhuman animals; while K. J. Shapiro and others take a reformist position that the suffering of and the reliance on animals in psychology laboratories can and ought to be diminished. 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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  24. added 2019-04-16
    Of Mice, Models and Men: A Critical Evaluation of Animal Research. [REVIEW]T. L. S. Sprigge - 1986 - Environmental Ethics 8 (1):83-87.
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  25. added 2019-04-16
    The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research.Carl Cohen - 1986 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press. pp. 206.
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  26. added 2019-04-16
    Humanitarian Attitudes in the Early Animal Experiments of the Royal Society.Wallace Shugg - 1968 - Annals of Science 24 (3):227-238.
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  27. added 2019-03-25
    The Role of Moral Values in Evaluation of the Use of Non-Human Animals in Research.Maria Botero & Donna Desforges - forthcoming - Society and Animals.
    One of the requirements for the formation of Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) is that they include someone from the community who embodies the values of the general population. The aim of this study is to investigate whether community members use moral arguments when deliberating a case of animals used in experimentation. To this end we tested the answers of community members in a situation similar to those confronting members of IACUC. The results show first that the participants’ (...)
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  28. added 2019-02-07
    Collecting Insects to Conserve Them: A Call for Ethical Caution.Bob Fischer & Brendon Larson - forthcoming - Insect Conservation and Biodiversity.
    1. We argue that while the evidence does not show that insects are conscious, moral caution is still appropriate for researchers. 2. We propose a way to adapt the 3Rs framework to guide decision regarding insect collection, which calls for replacing, reducing, and refining the use of animals in research. 3. Specifically, we consider the use of Malaise traps for insect sampling, suggesting that their use should be posted publicly so that other researchers can make use of bycatch.
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  29. added 2019-01-31
    Animal Ethical Evaluation: An Observational Study of Canadian IACUCs.Thérèse Leroux, Claude Dumas & Lise Houde - 2003 - Ethics and Behavior 13 (4):333-350.
    Three Canadian institutional animal care and use committees were observed over a 1-year period to investigate animal ethical evaluation. While each protocol was evaluated, the observer collected information about the final decision, the type of protocol, and the category of invasiveness. The observer also wrote down verbatim all verbal interventions, which were coded according to the following categories: scientific, technical, politics, human analog, reduction, refinement, and replacement. The data revealed that only 16% of the comments were devoted to the 3 (...)
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  30. added 2018-10-10
    To Regulate or Not to Regulate? The Future of Animal Ethics in Experimental Research with Insects.Christopher Freelance - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (5):1339-1355.
    Regulatory ethical frameworks governing animal experimentation are a hallmark of modern biology. While most countries have ethical standards regarding the use of animals for scientific purposes, experiments involving insects are not included in these standards. With studies in recent years suggesting that insects may possess faculties akin to emotive states, there is growing discussion surrounding the ethical implications of scientific experimentation involving insects. This paper explores some of the current evidence for the ability of insects to experience emotive states and (...)
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  31. added 2018-10-10
    Discussing the Use of Animal Models in Biomedical Research Via Role Play Simulation.Alessandro Siani - 2019 - International Journal of Ethics Education 4 (1):43-55.
    Educational institutions have a responsibility not only to provide a solid theoretical background on scientific phenomena, but to also frame them within the wider social context and highlight their numerous ethical implications. It is fundamental that tomorrow’s scientists be encouraged to develop an informed and critical approach towards scientific issues that, as in the case of animal experimentation, bring undeniable advantages to our society while carrying highly controversial moral implications. However, despite the considerable social and scientific relevance of the use (...)
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  32. added 2018-10-10
    Animal Models in Forensic Science Research: Justified Use or Ethical Exploitation?Calvin Gerald Mole & Marise Heyns - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):1095-1110.
    A moral dilemma exists in biomedical research relating to the use of animal or human tissue when conducting scientific research. In human ethics, researchers need to justify why the use of humans is necessary should suitable models exist. Conversely, in animal ethics, a researcher must justify why research cannot be carried out on suitable alternatives. In the case of medical procedures or therapeutics testing, the use of animal models is often justified. However, in forensic research, the justification may be less (...)
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  33. added 2018-10-10
    A Flimsy Case for the Use of Non-Human Primates in Research: A Reply to Arnason.Catia Faria - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):332-333.
    The Weatherall Report claims that research on non-human primates is permitted and morally required. The argument rests on the following thought experiment: > The hospital fire : A hospital is on fire. Some of the residents are humans and others are non-human animals. You can only save one group. What do you do? Some people have the intuition that we should rescue the humans. According to the report, if we accept that human lives have priority over non-human lives in this (...)
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  34. added 2018-10-10
    Discussions of Animal Research Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks.Stacy M. Lopresti-Goodman & Justin R. Goodman - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (1):39.
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  35. added 2018-10-10
    Fellow Creatures: Our Obligations to the Other Animals.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Christine M. Korsgaard presents a compelling new view of our moral relationships to the other animals. She offers challenging answers to such questions as: Are people superior to animals, and does it matter morally if we are? Is it all right for us to eat animals, experiment on them, make them work for us, and keep them as pets?
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  36. added 2018-10-10
    Balancing Animal Welfare and Assisted Reproduction: Ethics of Preclinical Animal Research for Testing New Reproductive Technologies.Verna Jans, Wybo Dondorp, Ellen Goossens, Heidi Mertes, Guido Pennings & Guido de Wert - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (4):537-545.
    In the field of medically assisted reproduction, there is a growing emphasis on the importance of introducing new assisted reproductive technologies only after thorough preclinical safety research, including the use of animal models. At the same time, there is international support for the three R’s, and the European Union even aims at the full replacement of animals for research. The apparent tension between these two trends underlines the urgency of an explicit justification of the use of animals for the development (...)
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  37. added 2018-10-10
    Animal Research Is an Ethical Issue for Humans as Well as for Animals.Kathy Archibald - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (1):1.
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  38. added 2018-10-10
    The Ethical Justification for the Use of Non-Human Primates in Research: The Weatherall Report Revisited.Gardar Arnason - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):328-331.
    The Weatherall report on the use of non-human primates in research was published in 2006. Its main conclusion was that there is a strong scientific case for the use of non-human primates in some cases, but the report stressed the importance of evaluating each case in the light of the availability of alternatives. In addition to arguing for the scientific necessity of using non-human primates in research, the report also provided an ethical justification. As could be expected, the report was (...)
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  39. added 2018-10-10
    Ethical Questions for Research Ethics: Animal Research in China.Deborah Cao - 2018 - Journal of Animal Ethics 8 (2):138.
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  40. added 2018-10-10
    Can We Use Social Policy to Enhance Compliance with Moral Obligations to Animals?John Basl & Gina Schouten - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):629-647.
    Those who wish to abolish or restrict the use of non-human animals in so-called factory farming and/or experimentation often argue that these animal use practices are incommensurate with animals’ moral status. If sound, these arguments would establish that, as a matter of ethics or justice, we should voluntarily abstain from the immoral animal use practices in question. But these arguments can’t and shouldn’t be taken to establish a related conclusion: that the moral status of animals justifies political intervention to disallow (...)
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  41. added 2018-10-10
    Igniting Hanuman's Tail: Hindu and Indian Secular Views on Animal Experimentation.Kenneth R. Valpey - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (2):213.
    Contemporary Indian identification with Hindu traditions (whether more narrowly or broadly conceived) among champions of animal protection often invokes the well-known concept of ahiṁṣā—nonviolence, as the moral basis for the position against violence toward non-human animals. To foster a more informed comprehension of this notion, this paper sets out the complex character of religious practice as presented in the Hindu scripture Bhagavad-gītā, to explore how its tenets might meaningfully apply to the practice of animal experimentation.
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  42. added 2018-10-10
    How Do Human-Animal Emotional Relationships Influence Public Perceptions of Animal Use?Cox Laura & Montrose Tamara - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (1):44-53.
    Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal experimentation. From a relational ethical standpoint, the public may therefore perceive animal experimentation as being less acceptable than intensive farming. This study aimed to determine whether human-animal emotional relationships affect public attitudes regarding use of animals in intensive farming (...)
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  43. added 2018-10-10
    Blinded by Conventional Science: Animal Experiments and Homeopathy.Delny L. Britton - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (2):123.
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  44. added 2018-10-10
    Animal Experimentation in 18th-Century Art: Joseph Wright of Derby: An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump.Linda Johnson - 2016 - Journal of Animal Ethics 6 (2):164.
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  45. added 2018-10-10
    Against the Use of Knowledge Gained From Animal Experimentation.Rebecca Tuvel - 2015 - Societies 1 (5).
    While there exists considerable protest against the use of animals in experimentation, less protest is voiced against the use of knowledge gained from animal experimentation. Pulling from arguments against the use of Nazi data, I suggest that using knowledge gained from animal experimentation both disrespects animal victims and sustains the practice. It is thus pro tanto morally wrong.
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  46. added 2018-10-10
    How to Insure Against Utilitarian Overconfidence.Nicholas Agar - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (3-4):162-171.
    This paper addresses two examples of overconfident presentations of utilitarian moral conclusions. First, there is Peter Singer’s widely discussed claim that if the consequences of a medical experiment are sufficiently good to justify the use of animals, then we should be prepared to perform the experiment on human beings with equivalent mental capacities. Second, I consider defences of infanticide or after-birth abortion. I do not challenge the soundness of these arguments. Rather, I accuse those who seek to translate these conclusions (...)
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  47. added 2018-10-10
    Book Review: Donna Yarri, The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal . Xii + 220 Pp. N.P. , ISBN 0—19—518179—4. [REVIEW]David Clough - 2007 - Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (3):449-452.
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  48. added 2018-10-10
    Animals in Research (Book).D. Lamb - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (1):61.
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  49. added 2018-06-25
    Animal Research at DRDC Downsview - a Hidden History.Paul Bali - manuscript
    an overview of military research involving pigs, rats, and rabbits at DRDC Downsview [Toronto], from 2004 -2007. -/- appendix includes military docs secured thru an ATIP request by Animal Alliance Canada.
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  50. added 2018-05-09
    Shock the Monkey: Confessions of a Rational Animal Liberationist.Jeremy Yunt - 2004 - Philosophy Now 44:7-10.
    This paper examines the lack of philosophical/moral clarity at the root of speciesism. Focusing on the many reasons animal rights deserves a closer look, it investigates such issues as animal experimentation, human diet, what should be the foundation of our moral reasoning when dealing with human—nonhuman animal relationships, and the connection between speciesism, sexism, and racism.
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