This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

10408 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 10408
Material to categorize
  1. A Cohort of Pirate Ships”: Biomedical Citizen Scientists’ Attitudes Toward Ethical Oversight.Meredith Trejo, Isabel Canfield, Whitney Bash Brooks, Alex Pearlman & Christi Guerrini - 2021 - Citizen Science: Theory and Practice 6 (1).
    As biomedical citizen science initiatives become more prevalent, the unique ethical issues that they raise are attracting policy attention. One issue identified as a significant concern is the ethical oversight of bottom-up biomedical citizen science projects that are designed and executed primarily or solely by members of the public. That is because the federal rules that require ethical oversight of research by institutional review boards generally do not apply to such projects, creating what has been called an ethics gap. -/- (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. An Ethical Code for Commercial VR/AR Applications.Erick Jose Ramirez, Jocelyn Tan, Miles Elliott, Mohit Gandhi & Lia Petronio - 2021 - In N. Shaghaghi, F. Lamberti, B. Beams, R. Shariatmadari & A. Amer (eds.), Intelligent Technologies for Interactive Entertainment. Springer.
    The commercial VR/AR marketplace is gaining ground and is becoming an ever larger and more significant component of the global economy. While much attention has been paid to the commercial promise of VR/AR, comparatively little attention has been given to the ethical issues that VR/AR technologies introduce. We here examine existing codes of ethics proposed by the ACM and IEEE and apply them to the unique ethical facets that VR/AR introduces. We propose a VR/AR code of ethics for developers and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. (When) Is Adblocking Wrongful?Thomas Douglas - forthcoming - In Carissa Véliz (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Digital Ethics. Oxford, UK:
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. A Defence of Parental Compromise Concerning Veganism.Marcus William Hunt - 2021 - Ethics and Education 1 (1):1-14.
    Co-parents who differ in their ideal child rearing policies should compromise, argues Marcus William Hunt. Josh Milburn and Carlo Alvaro dispute this when it comes to veganism. Milburn argues that veganism is a matter of justice and that to compromise over justice is (typically) impermissible. I suggest that compromise over justice is often permissible, and that compromise over justice may be required by justice itself. Alvaro offers aesthetic, gustatory, and virtue-based arguments for ethical veganism, showing that veganism involves sensibilities and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Virtue Theory for Moral Enhancement.Joao Fabiano - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (2-3):89-102.
    Our present moral traits are unable to provide the level of large-scale co-operation necessary to deal with risks such as nuclear proliferation, drastic climate change and pandemics. In order to survive in an environment with powerful and easily available technologies, some authors claim that we need to improve our moral traits with moral enhancement. But this is prone to produce paradoxical effects, be self-reinforcing and harm personal identity. The risks of moral enhancement require the use of a safety framework; such (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  6. Local IRBs, Multicenter Trials, and the Ethics of Internal Amendments.Lynn A. Jansen - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (4):7.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. Concepts, Categories, and Value Judgments in Informed Consent Forms.Mark Hochhauser - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (5):7.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Good Study Design and Analysis Plans as Features of Ethical Research with Humans.Janice M. Weinberg & Ken P. Kleinman - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (5):11.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9. The Value of Difference.Melinda M. Hurst - 2001 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 23 (5):6.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Been There; Done That.Philip Key Reily - 2001 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 23 (1):8.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. On Being an IRB.Inc Chesapeake Research Review - 1995 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 17 (5/6):12.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. The Case of Two Devices: Disclosure to Subjects Following Phase IV ("Post-Marketing") Research.James R. Anderson, Andrew Jameton, Paul J. Reitemeier & Ernest Prentice - 1995 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 17 (3):6.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Publication-Related Risks to Privacy: Ethical Implications of Pedigree Studies.Madison Powers - 1993 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 15 (4):7.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Source Data Verification in Clinical Trials Involving the Temporarily Incapacitated Subject: Is There a Missing Link in the Notion of Proxy Consent?John R. Wilson - 1992 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 14 (4):8.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Informed Consent Documents: Increasing Comprehension by Reducing Reading Level.Daniel R. Young, Donald T. Hooker & Fred E. Freeberg - 1990 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 12 (3):1.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  16. Public Health Trials in West Africa: Logistics and Ethics.Andrew J. Hall - 1989 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (5):8.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  17. Research Ethics Review in Australia, Europe, and North America.Paul M. McNeill - 1989 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (3):4.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. American IRBs and Dutch Research Ethics Committees: How They Compare.Lucas Bergkamp - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 10 (5):1.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Should IRBs Monitor Research More Strictly?Nicholas A. Christakis - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 10 (2):8.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Recruiting Minority Research Subjects.Boris M. Astrachan - 1986 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 8 (2):11.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. The Value of Casual Discussions.Harriet Segal - 1985 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 7 (1):9.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Autonomous Weapon Systems: Failing the Principle of Discrimination.Ariel Guersenzvaig - 2018 - IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 37 (1):55-61.
    In this article, I explore the ethical permissibility of autonomous weapon systems (AWSs), also colloquially known as killer robots: robotic weapons systems that are able to identify and engage a target without human intervention. I introduce the subject, highlight key technical issues, and provide necessary definitions and clarifications in order to limit the scope of the discussion. I argue for a (preemptive) ban on AWSs anchored in just war theory and International Humanitarian Law (IHL), which are both briefly introduced below.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Games: Agency as Art. By C. THI NGUYEN. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2020. Pp. Viii + 244. Price £22.99, US $35.00.). [REVIEW]Trystan S. Goetze - forthcoming - The Philosophical Quarterly.
  24. Punishing Robots – Way Out of Sparrow’s Responsibility Attribution Problem.Maciek Zając - 2020 - Journal of Military Ethics 19 (4):285-291.
    The Laws of Armed Conflict require that war crimes be attributed to individuals who can be held responsible and be punished. Yet assigning responsibility for the actions of Lethal Autonomous Weapon...
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Too Similar, Too Different? The Paradoxical Dualism of Psychiatric Stigma.Tania Gergel - 2014 - The Psychiatric Bulletin 38 (4):148-151.
    Challenges to psychiatric stigma fall between a rock and a hard place. Decreasing one prejudice may inadvertently increase another. Emphasising similarities between mental illness and ‘ordinary’ experience to escape the fear-related prejudices associated with the imagined ‘otherness’ of persons with mental illness risks conclusions that mental illness indicates moral weakness and the loss of any benefits of a medical model. An emphasis on illness and difference from normal experience risks a response of fear of the alien. Thus, a ‘likeness-based’ and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. Philosophische Notizbücher, Band 2: Zeiteinteilung (Maximen) I Und II / Philosophical Notebooks, Volume 2: Time Management (Maxims) I and II, Edited by Eva-Maria Engelen, Translated by Merlin Carl, Berlin (De Gruyter) 2020.Kurt Gödel (ed.) - 2020 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    Volume 2 contains both notebooks of "Time Management (Max) I and II" and thereby Gödel’s applied individual ethics, which he received among others through his teacher Heinrich Gomperz. Gödel thus incorporates the ethical ideal of self-perfection into his opus. The volume is prefaced by an introduction to relevant considerations from the ethics of the Stoics as well as ancient dietetics, which provide the philosophical background to understand Gödel’s approach. In addition, editor Eva-Maria Engelen presents how this fits into the context (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Well-Being and Mobility: A New Perspective.Avigail Ferdman - 2021 - Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 146:44-55.
    The connections between transportation and subjective well-being have received increasing attention in the transportation literature. Yet there are few studies on the relationship between objective well-being and transportation. Objective well-being is the achievement of a persons’ potential in knowledge, health, friendship, and other life domains, through the development of their embodied capacities to know, create and be sociable. The value of these achievements is objective, in the sense that it is not derived from a person’s attitudes or mental state. Thus, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Mother Knows Best: Pregnancy, Applied Ethics, and Epistemically Transformative Experiences.Fiona Woollard - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (1):155-171.
    L.A. Paul argues that interesting issues for rational choice theory are raised by epistemically transformative experiences: experiences which provide access to knowledge that could not be known without the experience. Consideration of the epistemic effects of pregnancy has important implications for our understanding of epistemically transformative experiences and for debate about the ethics of abortion and applied ethics more generally. Pregnancy is epistemically transformative both in Paul’s narrow sense and in a wider sense: those who have not been pregnant face (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. Covid-19 to a Pandemic of Fear: Some Reflections From the Jaina Perspective.Jinesh R. Sheth & Sulabh Jain - 2020 - ISJS-Transactions 4 (4):1-12.
    This paper reflects on the current Covid-19 crisis and the emotional stress that it leads to from the Jaina perspective. It demonstrates that any pandemic like situation is concomitant with a pandemic of emotions as well; fear and stress being prominent of them. The problem of fear is grave and must be dealt with equal measures. The concept of fear is thus analysed from various perspectives as gleaned from the diverse range of Jaina texts. The paper attempts to make the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. The Meaning of Travel, Written by Emily Thomas. [REVIEW]Pilar Lopez-Cantero - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    A philosopher's inquiry on travel may take different paths. Emily Thomas follows several in The Meaning of Travel, where she uncovers novel philosophical debates such as the ontology of maps or the ethics of ‘doom tourism’. Perhaps unexpectedly for the reader, Thomas also offers accessible and engaging discussions on—mostly Early—Modern philosophy by connecting travel-related topics to the work of some well-known authors (René Descartes and Francis Bacon), some unjustly neglected ones (Margaret Cavendish) and some known mostly to specialists (Henry More). (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Energy Decisions Within an Applied Ethics Framework: An Analysis of Five Recent Controversies.Jacob Bethem, Giovanni Frigo, Saurabh Biswas, C. Tyler DesRoches & Martin Pasqualetti - 2020 - Energy, Sustainability and Society 10 (10):29.
    Everywhere in the world, and in every period of human history, it has been common for energy decisions to be made in an ethically haphazard manner. With growing population pressure and increasing demand for energy, this approach is no longer viable. We believe that decision makers must include ethical considerations in energy decisions more routinely and systematically. To this end, we propose an applied ethics framework that accommodates principles from three classical ethical theories—virtue ethics, deontology, consequentialism, and two Native American (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Sustaining the Higher-Level Principle of Equal Treatment in Autonomous Driving.Judit Szalai - 2021 - In Marco Norskov, Johanna Seibt & Oliver S. Quick (eds.), Culturally Sustainable Social Robotics: Proceedings of Robophilosophy 2020. Amsterdam: pp. 384-394..
    This paper addresses the cultural sustainability of artificial intelligence use through one of its most widely discussed instances: autonomous driving. The introduction of self-driving cars places us in a radically novel moral situation, requiring advance, reflectively endorsed, forced, and iterable choices, with yet uncharted forms of risk imposition. The argument is meant to explore the necessity and possibility of maintaining one of our most fundamental moral-cultural principles in this new context, that of the equal treatment of persons. It is claimed (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Further Reflections: Surrogate Decisionmaking When Significant Mental Capacities Are Retained.Jennifer Hawkins - 2021 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (1):192-198.
    Mackenzie Graham has made an important contribution to the literature on decisionmaking for patients with disorders of consciousness. He argues, and I agree, that decisions for unresponsive patients who are known to retain some degree of covert awareness ought to focus on current interests, since such patients likely retain the kinds of mental capacities that in ordinary life command our current respect and attention. If he is right, then it is not appropriate to make decisions for such patients by appealing (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Philosophy of Happiness: A Critical Introduction.Martin Janello - 2020 - PhilosophyofHappiness.Com.
    "Philosophy of Happiness: A Critical Introduction" summarizes (a) what philosophy of happiness is, (b) why it should matter to us, (c) what assistance we can draw from philosophy, empiric science, religion, and self-help sources, and (d) why taking an independent approach is both necessary and feasible. -/- The article is in PDF format, 60 pages. The table of contents links directly to the listed captions. Also available in an html version under the phone variant of the referenced philosophy of happiness (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Sober Thoughts on Drunken Consent: Intoxication and Consent to Sexual Relations.Samuel Director - forthcoming - Social Theory and Practice:1-33.
    Drunken sex is common. Despite how common drunken sex is, we think very uncritically about it. In this paper, I want to examine whether drunk individuals can consent to sex. Specifically, I answer this question: suppose that an individual, D, who is drunk but can still engage in reasoning and communication, agrees to have sex with a sober individual, S; is D’s consent to sex with S morally valid? I will argue that, within a certain range of intoxication, an individual (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Doing Good Badly? Philosophical Issues Related to Effective Altruism.Michael Plant - 2019 - Dissertation, Oxford University
    Suppose you want to do as much good as possible. What should you do? According to members of the effective altruism movement—which has produced much of the thinking on this issue and counts several moral philosophers as its key protagonists—we should prioritise among the world’s problems by assessing their scale, solvability, and neglectedness. Once we’ve done this, the three top priorities, not necessarily in this order, are (1) aiding the world’s poorest people by providing life-saving medical treatments or alleviating poverty (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Racialized Sexual Discrimination: A Moral Right or Morally Wrong?C. E. Abbate - forthcoming - In Book Chapter.
    It’s often assumed that if white people have a sexual preference for other white people, they, when using intimate dating platforms, have the right to skip over the profiles of Black people. As some argue, we have the right to act on our sexual preferences, including racialized sexual preferences, because doing so isn’t harmful, and even if it were harmful, this wouldn’t matter because either our “right” to act on our sexual preferences outweighs the harm and/or we cannot even control (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. White Supremacy as an Existential Threat: A Response to Rita Floyd’s "The Morality of Security: A Theory of Just Securitization". [REVIEW]Jessica Wolfendale - manuscript
    Rita Floyd’s The Morality of Security: A Theory of Just Securitization is an important and insightful book that delineates a theory of just securitization (modified from the jus ad bellum and jus in bello criteria in just war theory) involving three sets of principles governing the just initiation of securitization, just conduct of securitization, and just desecuritization. This book is a much- needed addition to the security studies and just war literature. Here, I apply Floyd’s just securitization theory (JST) to (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Human Motivation.Blake McBride - manuscript
    Many people who have achieved a certain age, live in a certain sense of bewilderment. How can people, companies, and countries do the things they do? How can our neighbors, our co-workers, our bosses, our employees, and our family members do the things that they do? How can the opposing political party do the things they do? Why are things so unfair? It just doesn’t make sense! -/- Many people think that if we just got together and talked it through, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Ethical Life.Liam Kofi Bright - manuscript
    A sketch of my ethical views, or secular moral philosophy. Emphasis is on stating how it all hangs together.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Perspective in Life.Alexander Eick - manuscript
    Perspective reconciles the jump between understanding an individual’s conciseness exists and understanding the possibilities of something else. The reconciliation follows that in a universe within the mind there is no line between falsity and fact, and thus everything must be true; as we live in every mind, every thought must be true; if every thought is true, its validity is before its fallacies; validity first spurs better living. With validity first, working backward, it can be discerned that even if the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Loving One's Enemies: A Philosophical Assessment.Ian Anthony Davatos - 2016 - Palawan State University Journal 9 (1):70-89.
    The command to love one’s enemies (the ‘LE Principle’ as it shall henceforth be called) is one of the most striking and counterintuitive precepts that have arisen in the Christian tradition. However, it has received little philosophical scrutiny. This paper aims to fill that gap. I shall first answer two questions behind the two main concepts underlying the principle: a) what would count as an enemy; b) and what does it mean to love someone. Then, after clarifying the relevant concepts, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Buyer Beware: A Critique of Leading Virtue Ethics Defenses of Markets.Roberto Fumagalli - 2020 - Journal of Social Philosophy 51 (3):457-482.
    Over the last few decades, there have been intense debates concerning the effects of markets on the morality of individuals’ behaviour. On the one hand, several authors argue that markets’ ongoing expansion tends to undermine individuals’ intentions for mutual benefit and virtuous character traits and actions. On the other hand, leading economists and philosophers characterize markets as a domain of intentional cooperation for mutual benefit that promotes many of the character traits and actions that traditional virtue ethics accounts classify as (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44. Ethics of Emotions.Sfetcu Nicolae - manuscript
    Emotions have often been considered a threat to morality and rationality; in the Romantic tradition, passions were placed at the center of both human individuality and moral life. This ambivalence has led to an ambiguity between the terms of emotions for vices and virtues. Epicureans and Stoics have argued that emotions are irrational. The Stoics believed that virtue is nothing but knowledge, and emotions are essentially irrational beliefs. Skeptics believed that beliefs were responsible for pain, recommending rejection of opinions of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Duty and Doubt.Seth Lazar - 2020 - Journal of Practical Ethics 8 (1):28-55.
    Deontologists have been slow to address decision-making under risk and uncertainty, no doubt because the standard approaches to non-moral decision theory appear superficially similar to consequentialist moral reasoning. I identify some central tenets of simple decision theory and show that they should not put deontologists off, before showing where we should go next to develop a comprehensive deontological decision theory.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Kant and Privacy.Helga Varden - 2021 - In Christopher Yeomans & Ansgar Lyssy (eds.), Dimensions of Normativity: Kant on Morality, Legality and Humanity. pp. 229-252.
    In this paper I argue for two things. First, many concerns we have regarding privacy—both regarding what things we do and do not want to protect in its name—can be explained through an account of our moral (legal and ethical) rights. Second, to understand a further set of moral (ethical and legal) concerns regarding privacy—especially the temptation to want to intrude on and disrespect others’ privacy and the gravity of such breaches and denials of privacy—we must appreciate the way in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Mindfulness and Morality: Educational Insights From Confucius.Charlene Tan - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-12.
  48. What Grounds Special Treatment Between Siblings?Marcus William Hunt - 2020 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 14 (1):67-83.
    Siblings ought to treat one another specially – in other words, siblings qua siblings ought to treat one another in ways that they need not treat others. This paper offers a theory of why this is the case. The paper begins with some intuitive judgments about how siblings ought to treat one another and some other normative features of siblinghood. I then review three potential theories of why siblings ought to treat one another specially, adapted from the literature on filial (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Prison as a Torturous Institution.Jessica Wolfendale - 2020 - Res Philosophica 97 (2):297-324.
    Prison as a Torturous Institution Philosophers working on torture have largely failed to address the widespread use of torture in the U.S. prison system. Drawing on a victim-focused definition of torture, I argue that the U.S. prison system is a torturous institution in which direct torture occurs (the use of solitary confinement) and in which torture is allowed to occur through the toleration of sexual assault of inmates and the conditions of mass incarceration. The use and toleration of torture expresses (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. 子どもに選挙権を与 えないことは許されるか.Benjamin Kiesewetter - 2011 - PRIME 33:63–81.
    This is a Japanese translation of my article "Dürfen wir Kindern das Wahlrecht vorenthalten" ("Are We Justified to Deny Children the Right to Vote?"), which presents a basic moral argument against any age limit with respect to voting rights.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 10408