Applied Ethics

Edited by Ezio Di Nucci (University of Copenhagen)
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1 — 50 / 754
  1. added 2017-08-17
    Advance Directives and the Descendant Argument.Jukka Varelius - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-11.
    By issuing an advance treatment directive, an autonomous person can formally express what kinds of treatment she wishes and does not wish to receive in case she becomes ill or injured and unable to autonomously decide about her treatment. While many jurisdictions and medical associations endorse them, advance treatment directives have also been criticized. According to an important criticism, when a person irreversibly loses her autonomy what she formerly autonomously desired ceases to be of importance in deciding about her treatment. (...)
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  2. added 2017-08-17
    The Common Good: A Buck‐Passing Account.Beerbohm Eric & W. Davis Ryan - 2017 - Journal of Political Philosophy 25 (3).
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  3. added 2017-08-17
    Imagined Utopias: Animals Rights and the Moral Imagination.Steve Cooke - 2017 - Journal of Political Philosophy 25 (3).
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  4. added 2017-08-17
    Eliciting Meta Consent for Future Secondary Research Use of Health Data Using a Smartphone Application - a Proof of Concept Study in the Danish Population.Thomas Ploug & Søren Holm - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):51.
    BackgroundThe increased use of information technology in every day health care creates vast amounts of stored health data that can be used for research. The secondary research use of routinely collected data raises questions about appropriate consent mechanisms for such use. One option is meta consent where individuals state their own consent preferences in relation to future use of their data, e.g. whether they want the data to be accessible to researchers under conditions of specific consent, broad consent, blanket consent (...)
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  5. added 2017-08-17
    Under Pressure: Political Liberalism, the Rise of Unreasonableness, and the Complexity of Containment.Gabriele Badano & Alasia Nuti - 2017 - Journal of Political Philosophy 25 (3).
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  6. added 2017-08-16
    E-Commerce Review System to Detect False Reviews.Manjur Kolhar - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    E-commerce sites have been doing profitable business since their induction in high-speed and secured networks. Moreover, they continue to influence consumers through various methods. One of the most effective methods is the e-commerce review rating system, in which consumers provide review ratings for the products used. However, almost all e-commerce review rating systems are unable to provide cumulative review ratings. Furthermore, review ratings are influenced by positive and negative malicious feedback ratings, collectively called false reviews. In this paper, we proposed (...)
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  7. added 2017-08-16
    Author Productivity Index: Without Distortions.Marton Demeter - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  8. added 2017-08-16
    Values in Time Discounting.Heilmann Conrad - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    Controversies about time discounting loom large in decisions about climate change. Prominently, a particularly controversial debate about time discounting in climate change decision-making has been conducted within climate economics, between the authors of Stern et al. and their critics :977–981, 2006; Weitzman in J Econ Lit XLV:703–724, 2007; Nordhaus in J Econ Lit XLV:686–702, 2007). The article examines the role of values in this debate. Firstly, it is shown that time discounting is a case in which values are key because (...)
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  9. added 2017-08-16
    Ethics and Phishing Experiments.David B. Resnik & Peter R. Finn - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Phishing is a fraudulent form of email that solicits personal or financial information from the recipient, such as a password, username, or social security or bank account number. The scammer may use the illicitly obtained information to steal the victim’s money or identity or sell the information to another party. The direct costs of phishing on consumers are exceptionally high and have risen substantially over the past 12 years. Phishing experiments that simulate real world conditions can provide cybersecurity experts with (...)
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  10. added 2017-08-16
    A Virtue Epistemology of the Internet: Search Engines, Intellectual Virtues, and Education.Richard Heersmink - forthcoming - Social Epistemology.
    This paper applies a virtue epistemology approach to using the Internet, as to improve our information-seeking behaviours. Virtue epistemology focusses on the cognitive character of agents and is less concerned with the nature of truth and epistemic justification as compared to traditional analytic epistemology. Due to this focus on cognitive character and agency, it is a fruitful but underexplored approach to using the Internet in an epistemically desirable way. Thus, the central question in this paper is: How to use the (...)
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  11. added 2017-08-16
    Epigenetics Changes Nothing: What a New Scientific Field Does and Does Not Mean for Ethics and Social Justice.Jonathan Y. Huang & Nicholas B. King - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phx013.
    Recently, ethicists have posited that consideration of epigenetic mechanisms presents novel challenges to concepts of justice and equality of opportunity, such as elevating the importance of environments in bioethics and providing a counterpoint to gross genetic determinism. We argue that new findings in epigenetic sciences, including those regarding intergenerational health effects, do not necessitate reconceptualization of theories of justice or the environment. To the contrary, such claims reflect a flawed understanding of epigenetics and its relation to genetics that may unintentionally (...)
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  12. added 2017-08-16
    A Method for Improving the Integrity of Peer Review.Mehdi Dadkhah, Mohsen Kahani & Glenn Borchardt - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-8.
    Peer review is the most important aspect of reputable journals. Without it, we would be unsure about whether the material published was as valid and reliable as is possible. However, with the advent of the Internet, scientific literature has now become subject to a relatively new phenomenon: fake peer reviews. Some dishonest researchers have been manipulating the peer review process to publish what are often inferior papers. There are even papers that explain how to do it. This paper discusses one (...)
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  13. added 2017-08-16
    Patent Ethics: The Misalignment of Views Between the Patent System and the Wider Society.Ellen-Marie Forsberg, Anders Braarud Hanssen, Hanne Marie Nielsen & Ingrid Olesen - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-26.
    Concerns have been voiced about the ethical implications of patenting practices in the field of biotechnology. Some of these have also been incorporated into regulation, such as the European Commission Directive 98/44 on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions. However, the incorporation of ethically based restrictions into patent legislation has not had the effect of satisfying all concerns. In this article, we will systematically compare the richness of ethical concerns surrounding biotech patenting, with the limited scope of ethical concerns actually (...)
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  14. added 2017-08-16
    The Case for Enrolling High-Cost Patients in an ACO.Abraham Graber, Shane Carter, Asha Bhandary & Matthew Rizzo - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-7.
    Though accountable care organizations are increasingly important to American healthcare, ethical inquiry into ACOs remains in its nascent stages. Several articles have raised the concern that ACOs have an incentive to avoid enrolling high-cost patients and, thereby, have an incentive to deny care to those who need it the most. This concern is borne out by the reports of consultants working with newly formed ACOs. This paper argues that, contra initial appearances, there is no financial incentive for ACOs to avoid (...)
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  15. added 2017-08-16
    A Proposal to Detect the Double Submission of a Manuscript Sent for Review.Manjur Kolhar, Abdalla Alameen & Safar Bin Bkhit AlMudara - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    Along with the rapid growth of editorial systems and publishers, the number of research articles is increasing, which creates a need for an effective dissemination strategy. Researchers commonly use editorial systems in a candid manner. However, when researchers concurrently submit the same contribution in more than one editorial system, it is considered unethical. In this paper, we propose a novel approach called DeMSum for detecting such duplicate submissions. DeMSum verifies a manuscript by processing the MS attributes that are accessed through (...)
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  16. added 2017-08-16
    Technology Games: Using Wittgenstein for Understanding and Evaluating Technology.Mark Coeckelbergh - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    In the philosophy of technology after the empirical turn, little attention has been paid to language and its relation to technology. In this programmatic and explorative paper, it is proposed to use the later Wittgenstein, not only to pay more attention to language use in philosophy of technology, but also to rethink technology itself—at least technology in its aspect of tool, technology-in-use. This is done by outlining a working account of Wittgenstein’s view of language and by then applying that account (...)
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  17. added 2017-08-16
    Dubik J M Just War Reconsidered: Strategy, Ethics, and Theory. [REVIEW]Edmund Byrne - 2017 - Michigan War Studies Review 2017 (044).
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  18. added 2017-08-16
    Political Conceptions of Human Rights and Corporate Responsibility.Daniel P. Corrigan - 2017 - In Reidar Maliks & Johan Karlsson Schaffer (eds.), Moral and Political Conceptions of Human Rights: Implications for Theory and Practice. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 229-257.
  19. added 2017-08-16
    Ethical Issues of Informed Consent in Malaria Research Proposals Submitted to a Research Ethics Committee in Thailand: A Retrospective Document Review.Pornpimon Adams, Sukanya Prakobtham, Chanthima Limpattaracharoen, Sumeth Suebtrakul, Pitchapa Vutikes, Srisin Khusmith, Polrat Wilairatana, Paul Adams & Jaranit Kaewkungwal - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):50.
    BackgroundThe informed-consent process should be one of meaningful information exchange between researchers and study participants. One of the responsibilities of research ethics committees is to oversee appropriate informed consent. The committee must consider various matters before deciding whether the process is appropriate, including the adequacy and completeness of the written information provided to study participants, and the process of obtaining informed consent.This study aimed to identify, quantitatively and qualitatively, consent-related issues in different types of malaria proposals submitted to the Faculty (...)
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  20. added 2017-08-16
    Woods C., Sudden Justice: America's Secret Drone Wars. [REVIEW]Edmund Byrne - 2015 - Michigan War Studies Review 2015 (106).
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  21. added 2017-08-16
    Gardner, L. C. Killing Machine: The American Presidency in the Age of Drone Warfare. [REVIEW]Edmund Byrne - 2014 - Michigan War Studies Review 2014 (045).
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  22. added 2017-08-16
    Review of H. Shue and D. Rodin, Eds, Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification. [REVIEW]Edmund Byrne - 2011 - Michigan War Studies Review 2011 (004).
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  23. added 2017-08-16
    Work, Inc.: A Philosophical Inquiry.Edmund Byrne - 1990 - Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
    An appeal to philosophers who believe in social contract theory to revise their thinking in fundamental ways. In particular, it calls upon them to take corporations -- especially transnational corporations -- more seriously in their speculations on the "just state" than they have up till now. Why? Because transnational corporations today exercise de facto sovereignty--a sovereignty that always influences, sometomes equals, and often overpowers the sovereignty of nation states. (Excerpted from Paul Durbin's detailed analysis of book in 2006.).
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  24. added 2017-08-15
    Keeping David From Bathsheba: The Four-Star General’s Staff as Nathan.D. Weigle Brett & D. Allen Charles - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-20.
    Readers of reports on ethical failures by four-star general officers must wonder, “Don’t they have staffs to ensure that the general follows ethics rules?” The Department of Defense publishes robust ethics guidance in several documents; however, a staff’s best efforts to implement this guidance may fail to make an impression on a senior leader who is susceptible to the “Bathsheba syndrome,” an allusion to the biblical account where the prophet Nathan rebuked King David for his moral failings. This paper proposes (...)
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  25. added 2017-08-15
    Practice-Dependence and Epistemic Uncertainty.Eva Erman - forthcoming - Journal of Global Ethics.
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  26. added 2017-08-15
    Health, Interests, and Equality.David Hershenov & Rose Joanna Hershenov - forthcoming - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-3.
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  27. added 2017-08-15
    Does Technology Warrant Absolute Power of Religious Autonomy?Marvin J. H. Lee & Bridget McGarry - 2017 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 3 (1).
    Investigating an actual case that occurred in a New York state hospital where an Orthodox Jewish patient’s legal proxy demands that the clinicians and hospital administrators should provide aggressive treatment with all available technological resources for the seemingly brain-dead patient with a medically futile condition. The authors argue that a health care policy or regulation should be developed to limit patient’s access to technology in critical care. Otherwise, we will be allowing society to issue a carte blanche to religious autonomy (...)
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  28. added 2017-08-15
    Comparative Effectiveness Research: What to Do When Experts Disagree About Risks.K. Lie Reidar, K. L. Chan Francis, Grady Christine, Ng Vincent & Wendler David - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (42).
    Background: Ethical issues related to comparative effectiveness research, or research that compares existing standards of care, have recently received considerable attention. In this paper we focus on how Ethics Review Committees should evaluate the risks of comparative effectiveness research. Main text: We discuss what has been a prominent focus in the debate about comparative effectiveness research, namely that it is justified when “nothing is known” about the comparative effectiveness of the available alternatives. We argue that this focus may be misleading. (...)
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  29. added 2017-08-15
    Arguments for and Against Germline Intervention: A Critical Review of Ronald Green’s Babies by Design.Marvin J. H. Lee & SophiaTaaty Sophia - 2017 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 3 (1).
    It seems certain that one day we will allow the genetic technology which will enhance our offspring. A highly effective new tool, called CRISPR, which allows for carving out genes, is already being used to edit the genomes of animals. In July 2017, the FDA legalized that germline drugs for therapeutic purposes could be sold in the market. It is a high time, now, that we need engage in discussions about the ethics of germline intervention. To contribute to the discussion (...)
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  30. added 2017-08-15
    Civil Disobedience in a Distorted Public Sphere.Martin Blaakman - 2012 - Krisis: Journal for Contemporary Philosophy (3):27-36.
    Rawls’s notion of civil disobedience, which still dominates the literature on this subject, comprises at least these three characteristics: it involves breaking the law, is non-violent and public. But implicit in this notion is a certain tension: it shows pessisimism about the proper functioning of the public sphere as earlier normal appeals have failed, but it also displays a certain optimism about its proper functioning as it assumes that civil disobedience may be effective. In my paper I argue that Rawls (...)
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  31. added 2017-08-14
    Out of Alignment? Limitations of the Global Burden of Disease in Assessing the Allocation of Global Health Aid.Kristin Voigt & Nicholas B. King - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phx012.
    The Global Burden of Disease project quantifies the impact of different health conditions by combining information about morbidity and premature mortality within a single metric, the Disability Adjusted Life Year. One important goal for the GBD project has been to inform decisions about global health priorities. A number of recent studies have used GBD data to argue that global health funding fails to align with the GBD. We argue that these studies’ shared assumption that global health resources should ‘align’ with (...)
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  32. added 2017-08-14
    Nanotechnology Development as If People and Places Matter.Rider Foley, Arnim Wiek & Braden Kay - forthcoming - NanoEthics:1-15.
    Technological innovation in general, and nanotechnology development in particular, happens often disconnected from people and places where these technologies eventually play out. Over the last decade, a diversity of approaches have been proposed and developed to engage people in the innovation process of nanotechnology much earlier than in their conventional role as consumers. Such “upstream” engagements are conducted at stages when nanotechnology products and services are still amenable to reframing and modification. These engagement efforts have enhanced technological literacy among stakeholders (...)
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  33. added 2017-08-14
    Military Ethics and Leadership.Peter Olsthoorn (ed.) - 2017 - Brill.
    Most books and articles still treat leadership and ethics as related though separate phenomena. This edited volume is an exception to that rule, and explicitly treats leadership and ethics as a single domain. Clearly, ethics is an aspect of leadership, and not a distinct approach that exists alongside other approaches to leadership. This holds especially true for the for the military, as it is one of the few organizations that can legitimately use violence. Military leaders have to deal with personnel (...)
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  34. added 2017-08-14
    Review Of: Ethics in Technology: A Philosophical Study: Topi Heikkerö 2012 (Lanham MD, Lexington Books) ISBN 978073995918. 246 Pp. [REVIEW]Giovanni De Grandis - 2017 - NanoEthics:1-4.
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  35. added 2017-08-13
    Autism and Moral Responsibility: Executive Function, Reasons Responsiveness, and Reasons Blockage.A. Richman Kenneth - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-11.
    As a neurodevelopmental condition that affects cognitive functioning, autism has been used as a test case for theories of moral responsibility. Most of the relevant literature focuses on autism’s impact on theory of mind and empathy. Here I examine aspects of autism related to executive function. I apply an account of how we might fail to be reasons responsive to argue that autism can increase the frequency of excuses for transgressive behavior, but will rarely make anyone completely exempt from moral (...)
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  36. added 2017-08-13
    Ethics and Cyber Warfare: The Quest for Responsible Security in the Age of Digital Warfare, by George Lucas.Fritz Allhoff - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-4.
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  37. added 2017-08-13
    Bovine TB, Badger Culling and Applied Ethics: Utilitarianism, Animal Welfare and Rights.Robert Garner - forthcoming - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-6.
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  38. added 2017-08-13
    Dealing with the Full-of-Self-Boss: Interactive Effects of Supervisor Narcissism and Subordinate Resource Management Ability on Work Outcomes.Ellen B. Parker, Kiewitz Christian, M. Garcia Patrick Raymund James & A. Hochwarter Wayne - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  39. added 2017-08-13
    The Asia-Pacific Chapter of the International Society for Military Ethics.Allhoff Fritz, Ford Shannon & Henschke Adam - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-3.
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  40. added 2017-08-12
    Ethics in Technology: A Philosophical Study.Giovanni De Grandis - forthcoming - NanoEthics:1-4.
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  41. added 2017-08-12
    Animal Ethics and the Culling of Badgers: A Reply to McCulloch and Reiss.Bernard E. Rollin - forthcoming - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-5.
    Bovine tuberculosis is an important animal health policy issue in England, which impacts farmers, the public, cattle and badgers. The government has licensed farmers to cull badgers, which are a wildlife reservoir for bovine TB. The policy is controversial, particularly because the Independent Scientific Group recommended against culling based on the Randomised Badger Culling Trial. This paper assesses impacts of bovine TB policy options on cattle and badgers. Policy options assessed are: do nothing, badger culling, and badger vaccination. Impacts are (...)
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  42. added 2017-08-12
    Disparaging Trademarks and Social Responsibility.Jasmine E. McNealy - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-13.
    This study examines the use of disparaging and offensive trademarks and mascots by sports teams. Specifically, this study considers whether the continued use of Native American symbols and mascots in sports comports with the Christians-Nordenstreng conceptualization of social responsibility, which considers the three principles of human dignity, truth-telling, and nonmaleficence. To do this, the article considers the history and arguments both for and against the use of these symbols in sports communication. This article concludes with a discussion of how the (...)
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  43. added 2017-08-12
    Liberty, Fairness and the ‘Contribution Model’ for Non-Medical Vaccine Exemption Policies: A Reply to Navin and Largent.Giubilini Alberto, Douglas Thomas & Savulescu Julian - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phx014.
    In a paper recently published in this journal, Navin and Largent argue in favour of a type of policy to regulate non-medical exemptions from childhood vaccination which they call ‘Inconvenience’. This policy makes it burdensome for parents to obtain an exemption to child vaccination, for example, by requiring parents to attend immunization education sessions and to complete an application form to receive a waiver. Navin and Largent argue that this policy is preferable to ‘Eliminationism’, i.e. to policies that do not (...)
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  44. added 2017-08-12
    Refining Moral Agency: Insights From Moral Psychology and Moral Philosophy.Milliken Aimee - forthcoming - Nursing Philosophy:e12185.
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  45. added 2017-08-12
    Profits and Prophets: Derrida on Linguistic Bereavement and Possibility in Nursing.Barbara Pesut - forthcoming - Nursing Philosophy:e12186.
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  46. added 2017-08-12
    Does Growing Up with a Physician Influence the Ethics of Medical Students’ Relationships with the Pharmaceutical Industry? The Cases of the US and Poland.Marta Makowska - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):49.
    BackgroundMedical schools have a major impact on future doctors’ ethics and their attitudes towards cooperation with the pharmaceutical industry. From childhood, medical students who are related to a physician are exposed to the characteristics of a medical career and learn its professional ethics not only in school but also in the family setting. The present paper sought to answer the research question: ‘How does growing up with a physician influence medical students' perceptions of conflicts of interest in their relationships with (...)
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  47. added 2017-08-12
    Tom Regan on Kind Arguments Against Animal Rights and for Human Rights.Nathan Nobis - 2016 - In Mylan Engel Jr & Gary Comstock (eds.), The Moral Rights of Animals. Lexington Books. pp. 65-80.
    Tom Regan argues that human beings and some non-human animals have moral rights because they are “subjects of lives,” that is, roughly, conscious, sentient beings with an experiential welfare. A prominent critic, Carl Cohen, objects: he argues that only moral agents have rights and so animals, since they are not moral agents, lack rights. An objection to Cohen’s argument is that his theory of rights seems to imply that human beings who are not moral agents have no moral rights, but (...)
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  48. added 2017-08-11
    The Need for Authenticity-Based Autonomy in Medical Ethics.Lucie White - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-19.
    The notion of respect for autonomy dominates bioethical discussion, though what qualifies precisely as autonomous action is notoriously elusive. In recent decades, the notion of autonomy in medical contexts has often been defined in opposition to the notion of autonomy favoured by theoretical philosophers. Where many contemporary theoretical accounts of autonomy place emphasis on a condition of “authenticity”, the special relation a desire must have to the self, bioethicists often regard such a focus as irrelevant to the concerns of medical (...)
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  49. added 2017-08-11
    Hell on Earth: The Fall of Syria and the Rise of ISIS, Directed by Sebastian Junger and Nick Quested.Claudia Hauer - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-4.
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  50. added 2017-08-11
    National Bird, Directed by Sonia Kennebeck.Joseph O. Chapa - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-8.
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