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  1. Consciousness and Causality: Dharmakīrti Against Physicalism.Christian Coseru - forthcoming - In Birgit Kellner, McAllister Patrick, Lasic Horst & McClintock Sara (eds.), Reverberations of Dharmakīrti's Philosophy: Proceedings of the Fifth International Dharmakīrti Conference, Heidelberg August 26 to 30, 2014. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences. pp. 21-40.
    This paper examines Dharmakīrti's arguments against Cārvāka physicalism in the Pramāṇasiddhi chapter of his magnum opus, the Pramāṇavārttika, with a focus on classical Indian philosophical attempts to address the mind-body problem. The key issue concerns the relation between cognition and the body, and the role this relation plays in causal-explanatory accounts of consciousness and cognition. Drawing on contemporary debates in philosophy of mind about embodiment and the significance of borderline states of consciousness, the paper proposes a philosophical reconstruction that builds (...)
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  2. Material People in Logical Space.Clas Weber - forthcoming - Tandf: Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-14.
    This paper defends a controversial view about personal identity. It argues that it is possible to endorse both Phenomenalism and Materialism about persons. Phenomenalism is the view that personal identity is grounded in phenomenal consciousness. Materialism is the view that we are material objects. Many believe that the two views are incompatible. In this paper, I show that it is possible to accept both. I consider two objections against their combination—the argument from disembodiment and an important objection by Tim Bayne. (...)
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  3. There Could Be a Light That Never Goes Out. The Metaphysical Possibility of Disembodied Existence.Michele Paolini Paoletti - 2018 - Argumenta 3 (2):353-366.
    According to many philosophers, even if it is metaphysically possible that I exist without my present body or without my present brain, it is not metaphysically possible that I exist without any physical support. Thus, it is not metaphysically possible that I exist in some afterlife world, where I do not have any physical support. I shall argue against such a thesis by distinguishing two different notions of physical and by examining two strategies used by those who defend the thesis. (...)
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  4. Conceptual Problems Confronting a Totally Disembodied Afterlife.Theodore M. Drange - 2015 - In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 329-333.
    This paper presents and defends an argument for the conclusion that a personal afterlife in the absence of any sort of body at all is not conceptually possible. The main idea behind the argument is that there would be no way for the identities of people in a bodiless state to be established, either by others or by themselves. The argument raises a significant challenge to explaining just how someone in a totally disembodied afterlife could ever be identified—a challenge that (...)
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  5. Phenomenal Consciousness Disembodied.Wesley Buckwalter & Mark Phelan - 2014 - In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 45-74.
    We evaluate the role of embodiment in ordinary mental state ascriptions. Presented are five experiments on phenomenal state ascriptions to disembodied entities such as ghosts and spirits. Results suggest that biological embodiment is not a central principle of folk psychology guiding ascriptions of phenomenal consciousness. By contrast, results continue to support the important role of functional considerations in theory of mind judgments.
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  6. Is Obesity a Public Health Problem?Jonny Anomaly - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (3):216-221.
  7. Ghosts and Sparse Properties: Why Physicalists Have More to Fear From Ghosts Than Zombies.Philip Goff - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):119-139.
    Zombies are bodies without minds: creatures that are physically identical to actual human beings, but which have no conscious experience. Much of the consciousness literature focuses on considering how threatening philosophical reflection on such creatures is to physicalism. There is not much attention given to the converse possibility, the possibility of minds without bodies, that is, creatures who are conscious but whose nature is exhausted by their being conscious. We can call such a ‘purely conscious’ creature a ghost.
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  8. Swinburne’s Modal Argument for the Existence of a Soul.Rafal Urbaniak & Agnieszka Rostalska - 2009 - Philo 12 (1):73-88.
    Richard Swinburne (Swinburne and Shoemaker 1984; Swinburne 1986) argues that human beings currently alive have non{bodily immaterial parts called souls. In his main argument in support of this conclusion (modal argument), roughly speaking, from the assumption that it is logically possible that a human being survives the destruction of their body and a few additional premises, he infers the actual existence of souls. After a brief presentation of the argument we describe the main known objection to it, called the substitution (...)
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  9. The Apparent Truth of Dualism and the Uncanny Body.Stephen Burwood - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):263-278.
    It has been suggested that our experiences of embodiment in general appear to constitute an experiential ground for dualist philosophy and that this is particularly so with experiences of dissociation, in which one feels estranged from one’s body. Thus, Drew Leder argues that these play “a crucial role in encouraging and supporting Cartesian dualism” as they “seem to support the doctrine of an immaterial mind trapped inside an alien body”. In this paper I argue that as dualism does not capture (...)
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  10. The Word Made Flesh: Dualism, Physicalism, and the Incarnation.Trenton Merricks - 2007 - In Peter van Inwagen & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Persons: Human and Divine. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 281-301.
  11. Disembodied Minds and the Problem of Identification and Individuation.Jesse R. Steinberg & Alan M. Steinberg - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (1):75-93.
    We consider and reject a variety of attempts to provide a ground for identifying and differentiating disembodied minds. Until such a ground is provided, we must withhold inclusion of disembodied minds from our picture of the world.
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  12. Evidence for Early Dualism and a More Direct Path to Afterlife Beliefs.David Estes - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):470-+.
    Ample evidence for dualism in early childhood already exists. Young children have explicit knowledge of the distinction between mental and physical phenomena, which provides the foundation for a rapidly developing theory of mind. Belief in psychological immortality might then follow naturally from this mentalistic conception of human existence and thus require no organized cognitive system dedicated to producing it.
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  13. Against Materialism.Alvin Plantinga - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (1):3-32.
  14. Panpsychism? Reply to Commentators with a Celebration of Descartes.Galen Strawson - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (10-11):184-280.
  15. 'What Am I?' Descartes and the Mind-Body Problem - Reply. [REVIEW]Stephen Yablo - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):717-734.
    In his Meditations, René Descartes asks, "what am I?" His initial answer is "a man." But he soon discards it: "But what is a man? Shall I say 'a rational animal'? No: for then I should inquire what an animal is, what rationality is, and in this way one question would lead down the slope to harder ones." Instead of understanding what a man is, Descartes shifts to two new questions: "What is Mind?" and "What is Body?" These questions develop (...)
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  16. Cartesian Conceivings.J. Jones - 2004 - Metaphysica 5 (1):135-50.
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  17. Soul, Body, and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons.Kevin J. Corcoran (ed.) - 2001 - Cornell University Press.
    This collection brings together cutting-edge research on the metaphysics of human nature and soul-body dualism.Kevin Corcoran's collection, Soul, Body, and ...
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  18. Modal Dualism: A Critique.Stewart Goetz - 2001 - In Kevin J. Corcoran (ed.), Soul, Body, and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
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  19. Substance Dualism and Disembodied Existence.Nicholas Everitt - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (3):333-347.
    In a number of places, Richard Swinburne has defended the logical possibility of perception without a body; and has inferred from this logical possibility that substance dualism is true. I challenge his defence of disembodied perception by arguing that a disembodied perceiver would not be able to distinguish between perceptions and hallucinations. I then claim that even if disembodied perception were possible, this could not be used to support substance dualism: such an inference would be either invalid or question-begging.
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  20. Persons and Bodies.Kevin J. Corcoran - 1998 - Faith and Philosophy 15 (3):324-340.
    Defenders of a priori arguments for dualism assume that the Cartesian thesis that possibly, I exist but no bodies exist and the physicalist thesis that I am identical with my body, are logically inconsistent. Trenton Merricks offers an argument for the compatibility of those theses. In this paper I examine several objections to Merricks’ argument. I show that none is ultimately persuasive. Nevertheless I claim that Merricks’ argument should not be accepted. I next propose a view of persons that is (...)
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  21. The Modal Argument for Substance Dualism.Richard Swinburne - 1997 - In The Evolution of the Soul. (Revised Edition).
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  22. Possibilities in the Philosophy of Mind.Charles Taliaferro - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):127-37.
    This paper seeks to overturn the claim that Cartesian arguments for dualism based on the conceivable separation of person and body lack warrant, since it is just as conceivable that persons are identical with their bodies as it is that persons and their bodies are distinct. If the thesis of the paper is cogent, then it is not as easy to imagine person-body identity as many anti-Cartesians suppose.
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  23. An Objection to Swinburne’s Argument for Dualism.Eleonore Stump & Norman Kretzmann - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):405-412.
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  24. Remarks on Disembodied Existence.D. Pecnjak - 1995 - Acta Analytica 10 (13):209-13.
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  25. A New Objection to A Priori Arguments for Dualism.Trenton Merricks - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (1):81-85.
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  26. Swinburne's Argument for Dualism.Thomas W. Smythe - 1994 - Faith and Philosophy 11 (1):127-133.
  27. Conceivability as a Test for Possibility.Paul Tidman - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (4):297-309.
  28. Is Conceivability a Guide to Possibility?Stephen Yablo - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):1-42.
  29. Two Cartesian Arguments for the Simplicity of the Soul.Dean Zimmerman - 1991 - American Philosophical Quarterly 28 (3):127-37.
    The most well-known arguments for the simplicity of the soul - i.e., for the thesis that the subject of psychological states must be an unextended substance -are based upon the logical possibility of disembodiment. Descartes introduced this sort of argument into modern philosophy, and a version of it has been defended recently by Richard Swinburne. Some of the underlying assumptions of both arguments are examined and defended, but a closer look reveals that each depends upon unjustified inferences from the conceivability (...)
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  30. The Engines of the Soul.William D. Hart - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Hart sets out to answer this question by showing that the issue is as much about the nature of causation as it is about the natures of mind and matter.
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  31. Disembodied Minds and Personal Identity.Thomas W. Smythe - 1988 - Philosophy Research Archives 14:415-423.
    Discussion of the human soul has bulked large in the literature of philosophy and religion. I defend the possibility of disembodied Cartesian minds by examining the criticisms of three philosophers who argue that there are serious difficulties about any attempt to account for the identity of such Cartesian minds through time. I argue that their criticisms of the possibility of disembodied minds are damaging but not fatal. I hold that the central issue behind their criticisms of Cartesian minds is whether (...)
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  32. Disembodied Persons.Grant R. Gillett - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (July):377-386.
    In discussing Disembodied Persons we need to confront two problems: A. Under what conditions would we consider that a person was present in the absence of the normal bodily cues? B. Could such circumstances arise? The first question may be regarded as epistemic and the second as metaphysical.
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  33. The Evolution of the Soul.Richard Swinburne - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a revised and updated version of Swinburne's controversial treatment of the eternal philosophical problem of the relation between mind and body. He argues that we can only make sense of the interaction between the mental and the physical in terms of the soul, and that there is no scientific explanation of the evolution of the soul.
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  34. A Modal Argument for Dualism.Charles Taliaferro - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):95-108.
  35. Contingent Materialism.David J. Cole & F. Foelber - 1984 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65 (1):74-85.
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  36. On an Argument for Dualism.Sydney Shoemaker - 1983 - In Carl A. Ginet & Sydney Shoemaker (eds.), Knowledge and Mind: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press.
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  37. On the Possibility of Disembodied Existence.Michael Tye - 1983 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):275-282.
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  38. Conceivability and the Cartesian Argument for Dualism.James van Cleve - 1983 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64 (January):35-45.
  39. Materialism and Disembodied Minds.B. L. Blose - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (September):59-74.
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  40. God and Disembodied Existence.Kenneth Ray Denniston - 1978 - Dissertation, University of Oregon
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  41. Brain/Body Dualism.Robert A. Jaeger - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 34 (November):427-435.
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  42. Disembodied Existence, Physicalism and the Mind-Body Problem.Douglas C. Long - 1977 - Philosophical Studies 31 (May):307-316.
    The idea that we may continue to exist in a bodiless condition after our death has long played an important role in beliefs about immortality, ultimate rewards and punishments, the transmigration of souls, and the like. There has also been long and heated disagreement about whether the idea of disembodied existence even makes sense, let alone whether anybody can or does survive dissolution of his material form. It may seem doubtful that anything new could be added to the debate at (...)
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  43. Definitions and Disembodied Minds.L. S. Carrier - 1974 - Personalist Forum 55 (4):334-43.
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  44. More on Disembodied Minds.George F. Englebretsen - 1974 - Philosophical Papers 3 (May):48-50.
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  45. Armstrong and Strawson on 'Disembodied Existence'.Max Hocutt - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (September):46-59.
  46. Central State Materialism, Dualism, and Disembodied Existence.David A. Spieler - 1974 - Personalist 55 (4):354-355.
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  47. The Attribute Theory of Mind.John Bricke - 1973 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 51 (3):226-237.
  48. Survival and Disembodied Existence.Patrick K. Bastable - 1972 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 21:282-283.
  49. Plantinga on Disembodied Existence.W. R. Carter - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (3):360-363.
  50. Armstrong on Disembodied Minds.George Englebretsen - 1972 - Dialogue 11 (4):576-579.
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