Aristotle: Matter and Elements

Edited by Caleb Cohoe (Metropolitan State University of Denver, University of Colorado Denver)
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  1. added 2019-08-31
    Organic Unity and the Matter of Man.Christopher Frey - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32:167-204.
  2. added 2019-08-15
    Perennial Symmetry Arguments: Aristotle’s Heavenly Cosmology and Noether’s First Theorem.Ryan Miller - forthcoming - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association.
    Attempts to find perennial elements in Aristotle’s cosmology are doomed to failure because his distinction of sub- and supra-lunary realms no longer holds. More fruitful approaches to the contemporary importance of Aristotelian cosmology must focus on parities of reasoning rather than content. This paper highlights the striking parallels between Aristotle’s use of symmetry arguments in cosmology and instances of Noether’s First Theorem in contemporary physics. Both observe simple motion, find symmetries in that motion, argue from those symmetries to notions of (...)
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  3. added 2019-08-15
    The Unity of the Concept of Matter in Aristotle.Ryan Miller - 2018 - Dissertation, The Catholic University of America
    The difficulties often attributed to prime matter hold for all hylomorphic accounts of substantial change. If the substratum of substantial change actually persists through the change, then such change is merely another kind of accidental change. If the substratum does not persist, then substantial change is merely creation ex nihilo. Either way matter is an empty concept, explaining nothing. This conclusion follows from Aristotle’s homoeomerity principle, and attempts to evade this conclusion by relaxing the constraints Aristotle imposes on elementhood, generation, (...)
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  4. added 2019-06-06
    Time Matter and Form: Essays on Aristotles Physics.David Bostock - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Space, Time, Matter, and Form collects ten of David Bostock's essays on themes from Aristotle's Physics, four of them published here for the first time. The first five papers look at issues raised in the first two books of the Physics, centred on notions of matter and form, and the idea of substance as what persists through change. They also range over other of Aristotle's scientific works, such as his biology and psychology and the account of change in his De (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    The Order of Nature in Aristotle’s Physics: Place and the Elements. [REVIEW]Sheldon M. Cohen - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):636-639.
    In the Physics, 4.3.211b5-9, 212a2-6, Aristotle argues that place is “the limit of the surrounding body, at which it is in contact with that which is surrounded.” He then continues.
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    On the Elements. Aristotle’s Early Cosmology. [REVIEW]S. R. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):523-524.
    The author claims that parts of the De Caelo comprise a distinct work of Aristotle and can be taken as an early composition, earlier than the De Philosophia. The book is a careful philological and philosophical analysis of this text, and takes a position in regard to the authors who have commented on it. The doctrine of the text is contrasted to Plato’s cosmology, especially concerning the concepts of physics and aether. The text is also compared to Aristotle’s later teaching (...)
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  7. added 2019-04-22
    The Elementary Role of the So-Called Differences in the Atomism of Leucippus and Democritus.Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2019 - Prometheus 29:295-311.
  8. added 2019-03-23
    Capacities and the Eternal in Metaphysics Θ.8 and De Caelo.Christopher Frey - 2015 - Phronesis 60 (1):88-126.
    _ Source: _Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 88 - 126 The dominant interpretation of Metaphysics Θ.8 commits Aristotle to the claim that the heavenly bodies’ eternal movements are not the exercises of capacities. Against this, I argue that these movements are the result of necessarily exercised capacities. I clarify what it is for a heavenly body to possess a nature and argue that a body’s nature cannot be a final cause unless the natural body possesses capacities that are exercised for (...)
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  9. added 2018-12-01
    Aristotle’s Science of Matter and Motion.Christopher Byrne - 2018 - Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.
    Although Aristotle's contribution to biology has long been recognized, there are many philosophers and historians of science who still hold that he was the great delayer of natural science, calling him the man who held up the Scientific Revolution by two thousand years. They argue that Aristotle never considered the nature of matter as such or the changes that perceptible objects undergo simply as physical objects; he only thought about the many different, specific natures found in perceptible objects. Against this (...)
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  10. added 2018-03-16
    Mixing and the Formation of Homoeomers in on Generation and Corruption 2.7.Mary Krizan - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 54.
    In On Generation and Corruption 1. 10 and 2. 7 Aristotle discusses mixing and mixtures. Recent scholars tend to read the two texts together, thus treating the production of homoeomers in GC 2. 7 as a process of mixing the material elements. I argue that the tendency to treat homoeomers as mixtures of material elements is incorrect: GC 1. 10 explains the mixing of bodies that have already been produced from the elements, whereas GC 2. 7 explains the processes that (...)
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  11. added 2018-01-10
    A natureza formal dos corpos homogêneos e da constituição orgânica em Aristóteles.Rodrigo Romão de Carvalho - 2014 - Anais de História E Filosofia da Biologia.
  12. added 2017-11-19
    Hylomorphism Versus the Theory of Elements in Late Aristotelianism: Péter Pázmány and the Sixteenth-Century Exegesis of Meteorologica IV.Lucian Petrescu - 2014 - Vivarium 52 (1-2):147-172.
    This paper investigates Péter Pázmány’s theory of mixtures from his exegesis of Meteorologica IV, in the context of sixteenth-century scholarship on Aristotle’s Meteorologica. It aims to contribute to a discussion of Anneliese Maier’s thesis concerning the incompatibility between hylomorphism and the theory of elements in the Aristotelian tradition. It presents two problems: the placement of Meteorologica IV in the Jesuit cursus on physics and the conceptualization of putrefaction as a type of substantial mutation. Through an analysis of these issues, it (...)
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  13. added 2017-09-18
    Receptividade e resistência da matéria.Eraci Gonçalves de Oliveira - 2014 - Itaca 25:201-216.
  14. added 2017-09-03
    Helen S. Lang. The Order of Nature in Aristotle’s Physics: Place and the Elements. Xii + 324 Pp., Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. $80. [REVIEW]Monte Johnson - 2004 - Isis 95 (4):687-688.
  15. added 2017-08-13
    Sobre o Hílemorfismo: corpo e alma como condição de possibilidade do viver.Suelen Pereira da Cunha - 2016 - Clareira: Revista de Filosofia da Região Amazônica 3 (2):22-34.
    O presente trabalho visa demonstrar como a relação entre corpo e alma são indispensáveis para o viver. Para tanto, considera a tese de que o ser animado é uma substância composta de matéria e forma, que também pode ser analisada sob a perspectiva de potência e ato. Neste sentido, o trabalho inicia com a compreensão sobre o que é uma substância, qual tipo de substância é o ser vivo para, em seguida, mediante as definições de alma presentes no livro Β (...)
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  16. added 2017-03-01
    Matter and Aristotle’s Material Cause.Christopher Byrne - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):85-111.
    In his metaphysics and natural philosophy, Aristotle uses the concept of a material cause,i.e., that from which something can be made or generated. This paper argues that Aristotle also has a concept of matter in the sense of physical stuff. Aristotle develops this concept of matter in the course of investigating the material causes of perceptible substances. Because of the requirements for change, locomotion, and the physical interaction of material objects, Aristotle holds that all perceptible substances must be extended in (...)
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  17. added 2016-12-08
    Aristotle On Elemental Motion.Sheldon Cohen - 1994 - Phronesis 39 (2):150-159.
  18. added 2016-12-08
    Prime Matter: A Rejoinder.William Charlton - 1983 - Phronesis 28 (2):197-211.
  19. added 2016-12-05
    The Holistic Presuppositions of Aristotle's Cosmology.Mohan Matthen - 2001 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 20:171-199.
    Argues that Aristotle regarded the universe, or Totality, as a single substance with form and matter, and that he regarded this substance together with the Prime Mover as a self-mover.
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  20. added 2016-11-15
    Primary Qualities and Aristotle’s Elements.Mary Krizan - 2018 - Ancient Philosophy 38 (1):91-112.
  21. added 2016-11-15
    Elemental Structure and the Transformation of the Elements in on Generation and Corruption 2. 4.Mary Krizan - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 45:195.
  22. added 2016-11-15
    Substantial Change and the Limiting Case of Aristotelian Matter.Mary Krizan - 2013 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (4):293-310.
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  23. added 2016-04-13
    Necessidade e Teleologia na Teoria da Natureza em Empédocles e Aristóteles.Isabel Cristina Rocha Hipólito Gonçalves - 2014 - Pensando: Revista de Filosofia 5 (9):146-166.
    This paper presents a discussion about how the necessity and teleology are present in the theory of nature in Empedocles and Aristotle. For this task we go through the fragments relate to the thought of Empedocles in the Poem From Nature as a central reference to the work The presocratic philosophers of Kirk and Raven, and the work Physics I and II of Aristotle.
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  24. added 2015-04-13
    Aristotle on Like-Partedness and the Like-Parted Bodies.Brad Berman - 2015 - Early Science and Medicine 20 (1):27-47.
    This paper offers an interpretation of Aristotle’s treatment of the homoeomerous, or like-parted, bodies. I argue that they are liable to be far more complexly structured than is commonly supposed. While Aristotelian homoeomers have no intrinsic macrostructural properties, they are, in an important class of cases, essentially marked by the presence and absence of microstructural ones. As I show, these microstructural properties allow Aristotle to neatly demarcate the non-elemental homoeomers from the elements. That demarcation, in turn, helps to clarify Aristotle’s (...)
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  25. added 2015-04-11
    From Aristotle’s Teleology to Darwin’s Genealogy: The Stamp of Inutility, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 (Pdf: Contents, Introduction).Marco Solinas - 2015 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Starting with Aristotle and moving on to Darwin, Marco Solinas outlines the basic steps from the birth, establishment and later rebirth of the traditional view of living beings, and its overturning by evolutionary revolution. The classic framework devised by Aristotle was still dominant in the 17th Century world of Galileo, Harvey and Ray, and remained hegemonic until the time of Lamarck and Cuvier in the 19th Century. Darwin's breakthrough thus takes on the dimensions of an abandonment of the traditional finalistic (...)
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  26. added 2014-04-19
    Making Room for Matter: Material Causes in the Phaedo and the Physics.David Ebrey - 2014 - Apeiron 47 (2):245–265.
    It is often claimed that Socrates rejects material causes in the Phaedo because they are not rational or not teleological. In this paper I argue for a new account: Socrates ultimately rejects material causes because he is committed to each change having a single cause. Because each change has a single cause, this cause must, on its own, provide an adequate explanation for the change. Material causes cannot provide an adequate explanation on their own and so Socrates rejects them. Aristotle (...)
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  27. added 2014-04-02
    Aristotle's Prime Matter.Erik Fieremans - 2007 - Modern Schoolman 85 (1):21-49.
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  28. added 2014-04-02
    Aristotle, the Direction Problem, and the Structure of the Sublunar Realm.Frederick M. Kronz - 1990 - Modern Schoolman 67 (4):247-257.
  29. added 2014-03-26
    Aristotle’s Theory of Material Substance.Anthony Preus - 1999 - International Studies in Philosophy 31 (2):134-136.
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  30. added 2014-03-19
    Prime Matter and Extension in Aristotle.Paul Studtmann - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:171-184.
    In this paper, I address both the interpretive and philosophical issues concerning prime matter. My aim is to show that a philosophically interesting account of prime matter can be articulated that strongly coheres with, even if it is not necessitated by, Aristotle’s texts. In articulating the interpretation, I first examine a view defended by both Richard Sorabji and Robert Sokolowski according to which prime matter is extension. Such a view, I argue, is problematic for a number of reasons. Nonetheless, it (...)
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  31. added 2014-03-12
    Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics - by David Bostock.Ursula Coope - 2008 - Philosophical Books 49 (3):250-251.
  32. added 2013-08-08
    De Generatione Et Corruptione 2.3: Does Aristotle Identify The Contraries As Elements?Timothy J. Crowley - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (1):161-182.
    It might seem quite commonplace to say that Aristotle identifies fire, air, water and earth as the στοιχεῖα, or ‘elements’ – or, to be more precise, as the elements of bodies that are subject to generation and corruption. Yet there is a tradition of interpretation, already evident in the work of the sixth-century commentator John Philoponus and widespread, indeed prevalent, today, according to which Aristotle does not really believe that fire, air, water and earth are truly elemental. The basic premise (...)
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  33. added 2013-08-08
    On the Use of Stoicheion in the Sense of 'Element'.Timothy J. Crowley - 2005 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 29:367-394.
  34. added 2013-05-13
    Aristotle's Doctrine of the Material Substrate.Sheldon Cohen - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (2):171-194.
    Commentators have often held that aristotle's general doctrine of change commits him to a persisting material substrate for every change, And to an indeterminate material substrate (prime matter) for elemental transformation. I argue that though aristotle accepts a common matter for the four elements, Both these claims are false.
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  35. added 2013-04-05
    Aristotle's Theory of Material Substance: Heat and Pneuma, Form and Soul. [REVIEW]Charlotte Witt - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (1):134-135.
  36. added 2013-04-01
    Aristotle's Elements Gustav Adolf Seek: Über die Elemente in der Kosmologie des Aristoteles: Untersuchungen zu 'De Generatione et Corruption' und 'De Caelo'. (Zetemata, 34.) Pp. viii+166. Munich: Beck, 1965. Paper, DM. 22. [REVIEW]James Longrigg - 1966 - The Classical Review 16 (01):35-37.
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  37. added 2013-03-30
    Why Fire Goes Up: An Elementary Problem in Aristotle's "Physics".Helen S. Lang - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (1):69 - 106.
    IN Physics VIII, Aristotle asks if motion is eternal or if it began only to end someday. He concludes in the first chapter that motion must be eternal; the remainder of Physics VIII resolves three objections to this conclusion. Consequently, the arguments of Physics VIII, 2-10 indirectly substantiate the eternity of motion in things. However, these arguments have often been associated with rather different questions, for example how does this mover produce motion--is it a moving cause or a final cause?--and (...)
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  38. added 2013-03-30
    Matter and Necessity in Physics B9 200a15-30.Robert Friedman - 1983 - Ancient Philosophy 3 (1):8-11.
  39. added 2013-03-29
    Aristotle on His Three Elements: A Reading of Aristotle's Own Doctrine.Alistair Marcus Kwan - unknown
    In light of the long-lived, on-going debate surrounding the Aristotelian doctrines of prime matter and the four simple bodies (or 'elements'), the general message of this thesis is surprising: that Aristotle's theory is centred on neither. I argue that Aristotle does in fact have a substantial prime matter, but not the single, featureless, immutable prime matter of tradition.
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  40. added 2013-03-29
    Aristotle Topics E5, 135a20—B6: The Ontology of Ὁμοιομερῆ.J. D. G. Evans - 1978 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 60 (3):284-292.