Aristotle: Philosophy of Mind

Edited by Caleb Cohoe (Metropolitan State University of Denver, University of Colorado at Denver)
About this topic
Summary In his On the Soul, Aristotle offers one of the first systematic accounts of the soul and of its role in explaining living activities. In book one he criticizes the views of his predecessors, Plato and the Pre-Socratics. In books two and three, Aristotle develops his own account of the soul, characterizing it as the fulfillment or actuality of an organic body. The soul is the principle that makes the bodies of living things actually be alive. Thus, on his account, living things are composites of matter and form: they are hylomorphic (the technical term for Aristotle's view, based on the Greek words for matter and form). After laying out this general account, Aristotle discusses three fundamentally different kinds of soul power: a nutritive or vegetative power that allows living things to grow, nourish themselves and reproduce; a perceptual power that allows animals to perceive and respond to the world around them; and an intellectual power that allows human beings to understand the natures of things. Aristotle characterizes the powers these souls have by analyzing their activities and the objects these activities involve (e.g. in order to define the power of perception, he gives an account of the activity of perception and an account of perceptible objects). Aristotle's text was the key reference point for much of ancient and medieval psychology and philosophy of mind and has continued to have a significant influence up to the present day. There has been continuing debate on the extent to which Aristotle's hylomorphism represents a distinct or viable position when seen from the vantage point of contemporary philosophy of mind (see Aristotle:Soul for further details). Both the overall orientation of Aristotle's philosophy of mind (e.g. is it naturalistic or not?) and the details are highly controversial, as the articles in this category and its subcategories make clear.
Key works Aristotle's most important work in this area is his De Anima (the work is usually referred to by its Latin name) or On the Soul (editions include Aristotle 2002Aristotle & Reeve 1956,  and Aristotle & Reeve 1956). A translation of most of the work can be found in the Clarendon Aristotle series (Aristotle 1993), while the full work can be found in English in Jonathan Barnes' edition of the complete works of Aristotle (Aristotle 1984). Important commentaries on the work include Hicks (Hicks & Aristotle 1907), Ross (Aristotle & Reeve 1956), Rodier (Aristotle & Rodier 1900), and Polansky (Polansky 2010). Aristotle's other psychological works are found in the Parva Naturalia, including De Sensu or On Sense and the Sensible and De Memoria or On Memory and Recollection (ARISTOTLE 1955). He also discusses claims that are relevant to his philosophy of mind in a number of other works. His discussion of animal motion in De Motu Animalium sheds light on his discussion of locomotion in On the Soul while his biological works offer further information on how Aristotle thinks the soul and body interact (e.g. Aristotle 1992). Other relevant texts in other works include his treatment of different kinds of knowledge in book six of the Nicomachean Ethics and his discussion of the the nature of form and substance in the Metaphysics (Aristotle 1994; Aristotle 1994).
Introductions Chapter four of Jonathan Lear's Aristotle: The Desire to Understand provides a helpful and very readable introduction to Aristotle's views on the soul and on cognition (Lear 1988). Christopher Shields' Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on Aristotle's Psychology gives an excellent overview of Aristotle's philosophy of mind and of the main interpretative disputes currently going on in the literature (Shields 2008). 
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Material to categorize
  1. De Anima: Books Ii and Iii.Aristotle . (ed.) - 1993 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This revised edition contains a substantial review of recent work on Aristotle's philosophy of mind, together with a new bibliography.
  2. Tertullian, De Anima 27,6 and Ierome, Epist. 54,10,5.Neil Adkin - 2002 - Hermes 130 (1):126-130.
  3. Alphonsi Archiepiscopi Toletani, Ordinis Eremitarum Diui Augustini, Theologi Celeberrimi, Ac Philosophi Acutissimi, in Tres Aristotelis Libros de Anima Subtilissimæquaestiones, Nunc Recèns in Lucem Editæ Exactissima Cura Recognitæ & Ab Innumeris Mendis Repurgatæ.Giordano Alfonso & Ziletti - 1566 - Ad Insigne Stellæiordani Ziletti.
  4. Il «castello di dio»: Centro dell'anima Dei dervisci.Alberto Fabio Ambrosio - 2009 - Divus Thomas 112 (3):118-136.
  5. Aristotle on Perception.D. Z. Andriopoulos - 1993 - Philosophical Inquiry 15 (3-4):85-98.
  6. Lectura in Librum de Anima a Quodam Discipulo Reportata.René Antoine Anonymus, Aristotle & Gauthier - 1985
  7. Rational Pleasures. Review of James Warren, The Pleasures of Reason in Plato, Aristotle, and the Hellenistic Hedonists. [REVIEW]Kelly E. Arenson - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (1):1-3.
  8. Extract From De Anima. Aristotle - 2003 - In John Heil (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
  9. O Dusi.Antonín Aristotle & Kríz - 1995
  10. Aristotelis de Anima Libri Tres.Friedrich Adolf Aristotle & Trendelenburg - 1877 - Sumptibus W. Weberi.
  11. Parva Naturalia a Revised Text.W. D. Aristotle & Ross - 1955 - Clarendon Press.
  12. Aristotelis de Anima Libri Iii.Wilhelm Aristotle & Biehl - 1884 - Teubner.
  13. Commentarii Collegii Conimbricensis Societatis Iesu, in Tres Libros de Anima Aristotelis Stagiritae.Colégio das Artes, Lazarus Aristotle & Zetzner - 1617 - Sumpitbus Haeredum Lazari Zetzneri.
  14. Phantasia in Aristotele.Antonella Astolfi - 2011 - V&P.
  15. Processes as Pleasures in EN Vii 11-14: A New Approach.Joachim Aufderheide - 2013 - Ancient Philosophy 33 (1):135-157.
  16. Ibn Bajjah's Paraphrase of Aristotle's de Anima.M. Saghir Hasan Avempace & Ma Sumi - 1952
  17. Talkhis Kitab Al-Nafs.Ahmad Fu ad Averroës, Avempace, Ishaq ibn Hunayn, Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Rushd & Kindi - 1950 - Maktabat Al-Nahdah Al-Misriyah.
  18. Talkhis Kitab Al-Nafs.Alfred L. Averroës, Muhsin Aristotle, Ivry & Mahdi - 1994 - Al-Majlis Al-a Lá Lil-Thaqafah.
  19. Averrois Cordubensis Commentarium Magnum in Aristotelis de Anima Libros.F. Stuart Averroës & Crawford - 1953 - Mediaeval Academy of America.
  20. Aristotle and the Hippocratic De Victu on Innate Heat and the Kindled Soul.Hynek Bartoš - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (2):289-315.
  21. Il simbolismo cosmico dell'anima.Giuseppe Barzaghi - 2010 - Divus Thomas 113 (3):15-32.
  22. Toward a New Edition of Themistius' Paraphrase of Aristotle's "De Anima".Stephen M. Bay - unknown
  23. N Memory and the Specific Energies of the Nervous System. [REVIEW]H. Beaunis - 1895 - Ancient Philosophy 6:634.
  24. The Emotions of the Ancient Greeks: Studies in Aristotle and Classical Literature (Review).Elizabeth S. Belfiore - 2007 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 101 (1):106-107.
  25. Aristotle on Perceptual Truth and Falsity.Aaron Ben-Zeev - 1984 - Apeiron 18 (2):118 - 125.
  26. Aristotle on Pneuma and Animal Self-Motion.Sylvia Berryman - 2002 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 23:85-97.
  27. Pleasure and the Two Happinesses in Aristotle.Martin A. Bertman - 1972 - Apeiron 6 (2):30 - 36.
  28. Sull'anima.Adriana Berto - 2004 - Augustinianum 44 (1):240-243.
  29. Aristotle on the Common Sense.Irving L. Block - 1988 - Ancient Philosophy 8 (2):235-249.
  30. Were Aristotle's Intentions in Writing the De Anima Forgotten in Late Antiquity?H. J. Blumenthal - 1997 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 8:143-157.
    L'A. esamina i commentari al De anima di Filopono, dello pseudo-Filopono e dello pseudo-Simplicio.
  31. The Concepts of Spiritus and Anima in the Works of Telesio, Bernardino.R. Bondi - 1993 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 13 (3):405-417.
  32. Ears Are Not the Subject of Hearing in Aristotle’s On the Soul II 8, 420a3–12.Abraham P. Bos - 2010 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 154 (2).
  33. Aristotle's de Anima.G. Bos (ed.) - 1993 - Brill.
    This edition of Zeraḥyah's Hebrew translation of _De Anima_, Aristotle's monograph on the soul, is of major importance for the history of transmission of Aristotle's text in the Middle Ages. Zeraḥyah's translation is based on the same lost Arabic translation as Averroes' long commentary, and the solution which it provides for the question of the authorship of this lost Arabic translation thus also holds good for Averroes' text.
  34. The Liber de Anima of William of Vaurouillon OFM.Ignatius Brady - 1949 - Mediaeval Studies 11 (1):247-307.
  35. Petri Martinez Toletani a Brea ... In Tres Libros Aristotelis de Anima Commentarij. His Accessit Indiuiduus & Inseparabilis Comes, Tractatus Eiusdem, Quo Integrè & Copiosissimè Ex Peripatetica Schola Animae Nostrae Immortalitatis Asseritur & Probatur ... Index Locupletissimus Duplex, Vnus Quaestionum & Praecipuorum Dubiorum, Alter Rerum, Grauiorumq[Ue] Sententiarum. [REVIEW]Pedro Martinez de Toledo Y. Brea, Juan Aristotle & Gracián - 1575 - Excudebat Ioannes Gratianus.
  36. Noῦs and Nature in De Anima III.Sarah Broadie - 1996 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 12 (1):163-176.
  37. Entelchia Seu de Animæimmortalitate Disputatio.Antonio Bruni & Tommaso Baglioni - 1597 - Apud Thomam Baleonum.
  38. The Second Sense.Charles Burnett, Michael Fend & Penelope Gouk (eds.) - 1991 - Warburg Institute.
  39. Aristote voit du rouge et entend un « do » : Combien se passe-t-il de choses ? Remarques sur « de Anima », II, 7-8.Myles Burnyeat - 1993 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 183 (2):263 - 280.
  40. Gundissalinus' De Anima and the Problem of Substantial Form.D. A. Callus - 1939 - New Scholasticism 13 (4):338-355.
  41. Iohannes Blund: Tractatus de Anima.Daniel Callus & R. W. Hunt (eds.) - 1970 - OUP/British Academy.
    The Tractatus de Anima of John Blund was a discovery of Father Daniel Callus, but he did not live to complete the edition. The treatise was written c. 1200, and is the earliest known philosophical work by an Oxford Master. It grafts the new learning derived from Avicenna and Aristotle onto older stocks. Its great interest is that it enables us to study the way in which the first generation of scholars used the translations of Greek and Arabic philosophical and (...)
  42. Commentaria In De Anima Aristotelis.Sister Camilla - 1939 - New Scholasticism 13 (4):375-377.
  43. Una reformulación de la alteración:" De anima", II, 5.Patricia Moya Cañas - 2012 - Convivium: revista de filosofía 25:27-46.
  44. Collegij Complutensis Discalceatorum Fratrum Ordinis B. Mariæde Monti Carmeli. Disputationes in Tres Libros Aristotelis de Anima. Iuxta Miram Angelici Doctoris D. Thomædoctrinam & Scholæeius Doctrinam. Eidem Communi Magistro, Et Florentissimæscholædicatæ. [REVIEW]Joannes Amatus Candy & Colegio de Carmelitas Descalzos de Henares) - 1651 - Sumptibus Ioannis-Amati Candy, ....
  45. Matteo d'Acquasparta Vs Tommaso D'Aquino: Il Dibattito Teologico-Filosofico Nelle Quaestionaes de Anima.Leonardo Cappelletti - 2011 - Aracne.
  46. Aleksandr Nikolaewic Skrjabin: un 'anima "peregrina" figlia del suo tempo'.S. Cartuccia - 1999 - Annali Della Facoltà di Lettere E Filosofia 32:101-160.
  47. TK Johansen, Aristotle on the Sense-Organs Reviewed By.Victor Caston - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (2):127-129.
  48. T.K. Johansen, Aristotle On The Sense-Organs. [REVIEW]Victor Caston - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21:127-129.
  49. Anima Mundi: The Rise of the World Soul Theory in Modern German Philosophy.Leo Catana - 2012 - Intellectual History Review 22 (2):310-312.
  50. Miklós Vassányi, Anima Mundi: The Rise of the World Soul Theory in Modern German Philosophy.Leo Catana - 2012 - Intellectual History Review 22 (2):319-321.
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