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63 found
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1 — 50 / 63
  1. added 2019-12-30
    Aristotle's Ontology of Change.Mark Sentesy - forthcoming - Chicago, IL, USA: Northwestern University Press.
    This book investigates what change is, according to Aristotle, and how it affects his conception of being. Mark Sentesy argues that change leads Aristotle to develop first-order metaphysical concepts such as matter, potency, actuality, sources of being, and the teleology of emerging things. He shows that Aristotle’s distinctive ontological claim—that being is inescapably diverse in kind—is anchored in his argument for the existence of change. Aristotle may be the only thinker to have given a noncircular definition of change. When he (...)
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  2. added 2019-11-26
    Aristotle on Predication and Demonstration.David Bronstein - 2019 - Manuscrito 42 (4):85-121.
    I argue against the standard interpretation of Aristotle’s account of ‘natural predication’ in Posterior Analytics 1.19 and 1.22 according to which only substances can serve as subjects in such predications. I argue that this interpretation cannot accommodate a number of demonstrations Aristotle sanctions. I propose a new interpretation that can accommodate them.
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  3. added 2019-03-09
    From Aristotle’s Oppositions to Aristotelian Oppositions.Fabien Schang - 2017 - In Valery V. Petroff (ed.), The Legacies of Aristotle as Constitutive Element of European Rationality: Proceedings of the Moscow International Conference on Aristotle. Moscou, Russie:
    Aristotle’s philosophy is considered with respect to one central concept of his philosophy, viz. opposition. Far from being a mere side-effect of syllogistic, it is argued in the present paper that opposition helps to articulate ontology and logic through an account of what can be or cannot be in a systematic and structural way. The paper is divided into three main parts. In Section I, the notion of Being is scrutinized through Aristotle’s theory of categories. In Section II, the notion (...)
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  4. added 2018-12-04
    Introdução às noções de essência, necessidade e predicação em Aristóteles.Thiago Silva Freitas Oliveira - 2018 - Argumentos 10 (20):50-63.
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  5. added 2018-06-04
    Mereology in Aristotle's Assertoric Syllogistic.Justin Vlasits - 2018 - History and Philosophy of Logic 40 (1):1-11.
    How does Aristotle think about sentences like ‘Every x is y’ in the Prior Analytics? A recently popular answer conceives of these sentences as expressing a mereological relationship between x and y: the sentence is true just in case x is, in some sense, a part of y. I argue that the motivations for this interpretation have so far not been compelling. I provide a new justification for the mereological interpretation. First, I prove a very general algebraic soundness and completeness (...)
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  6. added 2018-05-17
    Aristotle on Per Se Accidents.Breno A. Zuppolini - 2018 - Ancient Philosophy 38 (1):113-135.
  7. added 2018-03-20
    Metafísica Γ4- Um Argumento de Conquistas Progressivas.Luis Fellipe Garcia - 2012 - Dissertation, UFRGS, Brazil
  8. added 2017-12-31
    Forma Lógica das Proposições Científicas e Ontologia da Predicação: um dilema na filosofia da ciência de Aristóteles.Breno Zuppolini - 2013 - XI Semana Acadêmica Do PPG Em Filosofia da PUCRS:1-15.
    In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle imposes some requirements on scientific propositions: (i) they must be susceptible of syllogistic articulation, (ii) they must have universal terms as subjects of predication and (iii) their subjects must be primary, i.e. they cannot “be said of a distinct underlying subject”. However, it is problematic to meet those three requirements together. If associated with the theory of predication in Categories, the requirement (iii) shall prescribe names or descriptions of individuals within the category of substance as (...)
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  9. added 2017-11-20
    Ontologia e Predicação em Aristóteles.Lucas Angioni - 2000 - Campinas, Brazil: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas da Universidade de Campinas.
    Este livro é um 'ancestral' em pré-print do meu livro de 2006, Introdução à Teoria da Predicação em Aristóteles (ISBN 978-85-268-0716-1), publicado pela Editora da Unicamp (ver https://www.academia.edu/6912408/Introdu%C3%A7%C3%A3o_%C3%A0_teoria_da_predica%C3%A7%C3%A3o_em_Arist %C3%B3teles). O ancestral foi felizmente muito citado, mesmo depois da aparição do livro definitivo em 2006. -/- This is an ancestor (in pré-print) of my 2006 Book, 'Introdução à Teoria da Predicação em Aristóteles' (ISBN 978-85-268-0716-1), published by Editora da Unicamp (see https://www.academia.edu/6912408/Introdu%C3%A7%C3%A3o_%C3%A0_teoria_da_predica%C3%A7%C3%A3o_em_Arist %C3%B3teles). The ancestor was cited by many, even after the definitive book (...)
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  10. added 2017-07-11
    SOBRE A PREDICAÇÃO EM ARISTÓTELES: COMPOSICIONALIDADE E CORRESPONDÊNCIA.John Karley de Souza Aquino - 2015 - Expressão Católica 4 (2):1-13.
    O presente artigo se propõe definir o que é predicação em Aristóteles, como predicamos e qual o critério para determinar se uma predicação é verdadeira ou falsa. Nossas referências serão o livro Das Categorias, do capítulo 1 ao 5 e Da interpretação do capítulo 1 ao 6. Concluiremos que a teoria da predicação em Aristóteles afirma que definir algo é predicar e que o critério de verdade de uma proposição é a sua correspondência aos fatos.
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  11. added 2017-04-18
    CONSIDERAÇÕES ACERCA DO PAR CONTRADITÓRIO DE PROPOSIÇÕES NO DE INTERPRETATIONE DE ARISTÓTELES.Édison Martinho da Silva Difante & Gefferson Silva da Silveira - 2013 - Seara Filosófica 7:99-109.
  12. added 2017-04-18
    Sobre a Degola do Boi, segundo Aristóteles.Oswaldo Porchat Pereira - 2004 - Analytica 8 (1):89-142.
    Réplica a Angioni, “Relações causais entre eventos na ciência aristotélica: uma discussão crítica de Ciência e Dialética em Aristóteles, de Oswaldo Porchat”.
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  13. added 2017-03-03
    Accidental Beings in Aristotle's Ontology.S. Marc Cohen - 2013 - In G. Anagnostopoulos & Miller Jr (eds.), Reason and Analysis in Ancient Greek Philosophy: Essays in Honor of David Keyt. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 231-242.
    This is an examination of Aristotle's notion of an "accidental being" -- something intermediate between a substance and a property. An accidental being (sometimes called "accidental compound" or "kooky object") is an ephemeral object, typically the compound of a substance and a property, that exists for only as long as its components are united. I set out the role that accidental beings play in Aristotle's solutions to several philosophical problems. I also investigate the similarity between these beings and the individual (...)
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  14. added 2017-03-01
    Le statut catégoriel Des différences dans l' « organon ».Donald Morrison - 1993 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 183 (2):147 - 178.
    The question, What category does the differentia belong to? is a difficult problem in Aristotelian metaphysics. For example, is the differentia of a substance itself a substance, or e.g. a quality? The range of previous interpretations of Aristotle on this point are comprehensively surveyed. Based primarily on evidence in the Categories, this paper argues for an answer to this question.
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  15. added 2017-02-07
    Aristotle on Predication: An Analysis of Anal. Post. 83a.Kwame Gyekye - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (1):191-195.
  16. added 2017-01-21
    Aristotle on the Subject of Predication.George Englebretsen - 1978 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 19 (4):614-616.
  17. added 2016-12-24
    Categorias, Da Interpretação (Aristóteles, Obras Completas).Ricardo Santos - 2016 - Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional - Casa da Moeda.
  18. added 2016-09-21
    La objeción de Aristóteles a la teoría platónica de la reminiscencia.Alejandro Farieta - 2015 - Pensamiento y Cultura 18 (2):6-28.
    This paper provides an interpretation of Aristotle’s criticism to the solution to Meno’s Paradox suggested by Plato. According to Aristotle, when Plato says that reminiscence (anámnēsis) is achieved, what is actually achieved is induction (epagōgê). Our interpretation is based on two aspects: (1) semantic criticism, since Plato’s use of the term anámnēsis is unusual; and (2) the theory is not able to give an adequate explanation of the effective discovery.
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  19. added 2016-09-03
    The Man Without Properties.Boris Hennig - 2017 - Synthese 194 (6).
    Contemporary philosophical logic rests on a distinction between things and properties. Properties are thought to differ from things in that their proper expression is incomplete or unsaturated. In this paper, I will argue that Aristotle did not distinguish between things and properties in this way. I will show, first, that Aristotle’s essences are not properties, and that certain passages in Aristotle make sense only if we do not take accidents to be properties either. The notion of a property is thus (...)
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  20. added 2016-06-17
    A LÓGICA DE ARISTÓTELES: PROBLEMAS INTERPRETATIVOS E ABORDAGENS CONTEMPORÂNEAS DOS PRIMEIROS ANALÍTICOS.Mateus Ricardo Fernandes Ferreira - 2012 - Dissertation, University of Campinas
  21. added 2016-06-16
    ASPECTOS FORMAIS E ONTOLÓGICOS DA FILOSOFIA DA CIÊNCIA DE ARISTÓTELES.Breno Andrade Zuppolini - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Campinas
    Aristotle's theory of demonstration, developed in the Posterior Analytics, is not restricted to determining the formal requirements for formulating probative arguments that establish properly the results of scientific investigation. To the probative aspect of demonstration it shall be added its primarily explanatory character, orientated by theses of strong ontological and metaphysical content and involving notions like substance, essence and causation. We shall analyze the relation between those two ranges of Aristotle's philosophy of science and investigate how the formal features of (...)
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  22. added 2016-06-16
    DISTINÇÃO ENTRE PREDICAÇÃO E INERÊNCIA NAS CATEGORIAS DE ARISTÓTELES.Thiago Silva Freitas Oliveira - 2013 - Dissertation, University of Campinas
  23. added 2016-06-12
    A necessidade do conhecimento científico : Um estudo sobre os segundos analíticos de Aristóteles.Breno Zuppolini - 2011 - Dissertation, University of Campinas (UNICAMP)
    No tratado intitulado Segundos Analíticos, Aristóteles desenvolve uma teoria da demonstração científica e da ciência demonstrativa. Ali, o conhecimento científico é descrito pelo filósofo como envolvendo uma certa "necessidade". Alguns intérpretes associam esta noção de necessidade à necessidade modal, pertinente à silogística modal de Aristóteles. Esta interpretação, todavia, tornaria o modelo de ciência proposto nos Analíticos incompatível com os explananda das ciências da natureza, cuja cientificidade o próprio Aristóteles reiteradamente defendeu. A fim de evitar este inconveniente, abordamos e reconstruímos a (...)
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  24. added 2016-06-12
    O conhecimento científico nos Segundos Analíticos de Aristóteles : causa e necessidade na demonstração.Francine Maria Ribeiro - 2011 - Dissertation, University of Campinas (UNICAMP)
    De acordo com Aristóteles, conhecemos algo cientificamente quando apreendemos a causa pela qual essa coisa é e apreendemos, também, certa relação necessária entre aquilo que pretendemos conhecer e o que descobrimos ser a causa adequada que explica por que tal fato é o caso. Além disso, o filósofo identifica o conhecimento científico com a posse de um silogismo científico ou demonstração. Neste trabalho, analisamos a relação entre a teoria demonstrativa que Aristóteles desenvolve, principalmente, no livro I dos Segundos Analíticos e (...)
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  25. added 2016-05-29
    Acerca dos concomitantes per se em Aristóteles.Breno Andrade Zuppolini - 2015 - Filosofia Grega E Helenística (Coleção XVI Encontro Anpof).
  26. added 2016-05-29
    Sistemas semânticos e o problema de adequação para uma interpretação na silogística de Aristóteles.Felipe Weinmann - 2015 - Filosofia Grega E Helenística (Coleção XVI Encontro Anpof).
  27. added 2016-05-24
    Forma Lógica Das Proposições Científicas E Ontologia da Predicação: Um Falso Dilema Nos Segundos Analíticos de Aristóteles.Breno Andrade Zuppolini - 2014 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 19 (2):11-45.
    In the Posterior Analytics, Aristotle imposes some requirements on the formulation of scientific propositions: their terms must be able to perform the role of subject as well as of predicate; their terms should be universal; every demonstration must involve “primary” subjects denoted by terms that “cannot be said of another underlying subject”. Several interpreters, inspired by theses from the Categories, believed that this third requirement refers to names and descriptions of particular substances as basic subjects of predicative statements, since they (...)
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  28. added 2016-04-20
    Definição, não contradição e indemonstrabilidade dos princípios: uma proposta de leitura para metafísica 4 à luz de segundos analíticos I,22.Daniel Lourenço - 2013 - Dissertation, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  29. added 2016-04-17
    Predicação e demonstração: algumas considerações sobre Segundos Analíticos I, 22.Daniel Lourenço - 2013 - Peri 5 (2):185-200.
  30. added 2016-04-17
    O conceito de significado no Peri Hermeneias de Aristóteles.Janio Alves - 2012 - Dissertation, Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Sul
  31. added 2016-04-13
    OS TÓPICOS E COMPETÊNCIA DIALÉTICA: LÓGICA E LINGUAGEM NA CODIFICAÇÃO DO DEBATE DIALÉTICO.Fernando Martins Mendonça - 2015 - Dissertation, University of Campinas
    Our aim is to argue for a deflationary interpretation of Aristotelian dialectic in the Topics, showing that dialectic is, for Aristotle, a specific sort of regulated debate, in contrast to a widely spread kind of interpretation which conceives dialectic as a method of philosophical investigation. Our claim is that an analysis carefully conducted of certain key texts does provide us with sufficient evidences for defending that the Topics is a handbook which codifies an existent art. This codification has a descriptive (...)
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  32. added 2016-03-26
    Significação e não contradição.Raphael Zillig - 2007 - Analytica 11 (1):107-126.
    The so called “elenctic” defense of the principle of non-contradiction in Metaphysics Γ4 will succed if only the opponent will say something. The strategy consists in showing that, in speaking, the opponent has al- ready accepted the principle. Given the structure of the argument, the only way to avoid begging the question is not to ask from the opponent any commitment exceeding the conditions of mere meanigfullness of speech. In particular, it is specially important to avoid any reliance on Aristotelian (...)
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  33. added 2016-02-10
    Silogismo e demonstração na concepção de conhecimento científico dos Analíticos de Aristóteles.Francine Maria Ribeiro - 2014 - In Lucas Angioni (ed.), Lógica e Ciência em Aristóteles. pp. 121-160.
    Discussão sobre o papel da silogística e sua relação com as noções de dedução correta e explicação apropriada na concepção aristotélica de ciência.
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  34. added 2016-02-10
    A utilidade dos Tópicos em relação aos princípios das ciências.Fernando Mendonça - 2014 - In Lucas Angioni (ed.), Lógica e Ciência em Aristóteles. Campinas: PHI. pp. 287-330.
    Meu objetivo nesse texto é oferecer uma interpretação do modo como a dialética aristotélica pode ser útil para a filosofia em geral, e o conhecimento dos princípios em particular, sem incorrer em problemas epistemológicos geralmente presentes ao se tentar explicar como, a partir de proposições das quais não temos comprovação do valor de verdade que possuem, as endoxa, se pode conhecer proposições primeiras e verdadeiras. Meu argumento central é que não é a dialética que, afinal, é útil para o conhecimento (...)
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  35. added 2016-02-10
    As proposições categóricas na lógica de Aristóteles.Mateus R. F. Ferreira - 2014 - In Lucas Angioni (ed.), Lógica e Ciência em Aristóteles. pp. 203-246.
    Discuto a semântica das formas categóricas em Aristóteles.
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  36. added 2016-02-10
    Os predicados per se em Aristóteles.Carlos Alexandre Terra - 2014 - In Lucas Angioni (ed.), Lógica e Ciência em Aristóteles. Phi. pp. 23-60.
    Discussão dos sentidos de "per se" em Aristóteles, com foco especial em Segundos I.4.
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  37. added 2016-02-10
    Silogismos e ordenação de termos nos Primeiros analíticos I.4 e I.7 de Aristóteles.Felipe Weinmann - 2014 - In Lucas Angioni (ed.), Lógica e Ciência em Aristóteles. pp. 247-286.
  38. added 2016-02-05
    Relações causais entre eventos na ciência aristotélica.Lucas Angioni - 2004 - Analytica 8 (1):13-25.
    This paper discusses whether there is room for knowledge of causal relations between events in Aristotle's theory of science as developed in the Posterior Analytics. My focus is on Aristotle's analysis of the fourth sense of kath' hauto or per se predication.
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  39. added 2016-02-05
    Princípio da Não-Contradição e Semântica da Predicação em Aristóteles.Lucas Angioni - 1999 - Analytica 4 (2):121-158.
    My object is Aristotle's discussion of principle of non-contradiction in the first stretch of Metaphysics IV.4. My main focus rests on the connections between Aristotle's discussion of the principle and some key notions of his (explicit or implied) semantics.
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  40. added 2015-06-29
    Aristotle on Modality and Predicative Necessity.Jean-Louis Hudry - 2013 - International Philosophical Quarterly 53 (1):5-21.
    Many logicians have tried to formalize a modal logic from the Prior Analytics, but the general view is that Aristotle has failed to offer a consistent modal logic there. This paper explains that Aristotle is not interested in modal logic as such. Modalities for him pertain to the relations of predication, without challenging the assertoric system of deductions simpliciter. Thus, demonstrations or dialectical deductions have modal predicates and yet are still deductions simpliciter. It is a matter of distinguishing inferential necessity (...)
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  41. added 2015-02-21
    Defining Topics in Aristotle’s Topics VI.Lucas Angioni - 2014 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 19 (2):151-193.
    I argue that Topics VI does not contain any serious theory about definitions, but only a collection of advices for formulating definitions in a dialectical context, namely, definitions aiming to catch what the opponent means. Topics VI is full of inconsistencies that can be explained away by this approach: the inconsistencies reflect "acceptable opinions about definitions" that distinct groups of interlocutors accept. I also argue that the "topoi" need not be pieces of serious theory Aristotle is commited to. The "topoi" (...)
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  42. added 2014-12-06
    Gesammelte Aufsätze, Vol. I: Zur Philosophie des Aristoteles.Theodor Ebert - 2004 - Mentis.
    This is a collection of papers already published (spanning the years from 1976 to 1998) covering Aristotle’s logic, his theory of science, his psychology, and his Ethics. Three papers are in English, six in German. The book contains an index of proper names as well as a list of Ebert’s publications up to 2002.
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  43. added 2014-12-06
    Gattungen der Prädikate Und Gattungen des Seienden Bei Aristoteles. Zum Verhältnis von Kat. 4 Und Top. I 9.Theodor Ebert - 1985 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 67 (2):113-138.
    The paper starts from a distinction between two terms in Aristotle: kategoroumenon and kategoria. It is argued that the job of the first is to pick out 'predicated predicates' (i.e. predicates attached to a specific subject), the job of the second is to designate 'predicable predicates' (terms which can be attached to specific subjects). It is then argued (1) that Aristotle's division of the (erroneously) so-called 'predicables' (i. e. genus, proprium, definiens, accident) is a classification of predicated predicates, (2) that (...)
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  44. added 2014-12-06
    Zur Formulierung prädikativer Aussagen in den logischen Schriften des Aristoteles.Theodor Ebert - 1977 - Phronesis 22 (2):123 - 145.
    Why does Aristotle not use the copulative wording for categorical propositions, but instead the clumsier terminological formulations (e. g. the B belongs to every A) in his syllogistic? The proposed explanations by Alexander, Lukasiewicz and Patzig: Aristotle wants to make clear the difference between subject and predicate, seems to be insufficient. In quantified categorical propositions, this difference is always sufficiently clear by the use of the pronouns going with the subject expressions. Aristotle opts for the terminological wording because in premiss (...)
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  45. added 2014-07-23
    Definition and Essence in Metaphysics Vii 4.Lucas Angioni - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):75-100.
    This paper discusses Aristotle’s notions of essence and definition as they are developed in Metaphysics Z-4, a chapter in which Aristotle seems to hesitate or even to contradict himself about criteria for determining what an essence is. This paper offers a full discussion of Aristotle’s argument and try to show that there is no inconsistency nor hesitation in Aristotle’s approach. Aristotle begins with a more general account of essence and definitions, which is based on merely logical-epistemic requirements, but at 1030a2-17 (...)
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  46. added 2014-05-19
    Plato’s Third Man Paradox: Its Logic and History.Ioannis M. Vandoulakis - 2009 - Archives Internationale D’Histoire des Sciences 59 (162):3-52.
    In Plato’s Parmenides 132a-133b, the widely known Third Man Paradox is stated, which has special interest for the history of logical reasoning. It is important for philosophers because it is often thought to be a devastating argument to Plato’s theory of Forms. Some philosophers have even viewed Aristotle’s theory of predication and the categories as inspired by reflection on it [Owen 1966]. For the historians of logic it is attractive, because of the phenomenon of self-reference that involves. Bocheński denies any (...)
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  47. added 2014-04-02
    A Journey to Eden.George Englebretsen - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):133-141.
    Peter Geach has charged Aristotle with the sin of corrupting logic by initiating a process which led to the view that a sentence consists logically of just two names. This charge can only result from a clearly mistaken view of Aristotle's theory of logical syntax. Aristotle, unlike Geach, was careful to distinguish subjects from subject-terms and predicates from predicate-terms. He took both subjects and predicates as syntactical complexes. Geach, following Frege, holds a very different theory of logical syntax which takes (...)
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  48. added 2014-04-02
    Matter as a Subject of Predication in Aristotle.Richard J. Blackwell - 1955 - Modern Schoolman 33 (1):19-30.
  49. added 2014-03-19
    Semantik und Ontologie. Drei Studien zu Aristoteles.Gianluigi Segalerba - 2013 - Peter Lang.
    The focus of the book, that consists in three studies, can be described in the following aspects: Considerations on Aristotle's universals, reconstruction of Aristotle's critics to Plato' s ideas in Aristotle's lost work “On Ideas”, analysis of Aristotle's substance in the works Categories, Metaphysics, On the Soul, Posterior Analytics, Physics. My point of view is that Aristotle refuses every aspect of Plato's ideas in a radical way. I analyze Aristotle's conditions for a synonymy of predication and compare them with the (...)
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  50. added 2014-03-18
    Aristotle's Theory of Predication.Richard McKirahan - 2001 - Apeiron 34 (4):321 - 328.
    The paper contends that the heart of Aristotle's theory of justice is the desert-based principle of proportional equality schematically described in the _Nicomachean Ethics and applied to the organization of the state in the _Politics. It argues against the view that for Aristotle distributive justice is only a means to promoting the common good (Thomas Hurka's maximizing perfectionism interpretation of the _Politics) and against the view of Martha Nussbaum that Aristotle understands the common good in a special way that leads (...)
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