This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

284 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 284
Material to categorize
  1. Speci City, Automatic Designation, and `I'.Varol Akman - manuscript
    In its most common linguistic use, speci city refers to a kind of de niteness. This is expressed by the grammatical marking on an NP, showing that the speaker knows the identity of the referent. Thus, a police chief has (presumably) a particular Colombian in mind when he utters \My agents cannot wait to interrogate the Colombian.".
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Description, Disagreement, and Fictional Names.Peter Alward - 2011 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):423-448.
    In this paper, a theory of the contents of fictional names — names of fictional people, places, etc. — will be developed.1 The fundamental datum that must be addressed by such a theory is that fictional names are, in an important sense, empty: the entities to which they putatively refer do not exist.2 Nevertheless, they make substantial contributions to the truth conditions of sentences in which they occur. Not only do such sentences have truth conditions, sentences differing only in the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. On Making and Attributing Demonstrative Reference.Lynne Rudder Baker - 1981 - Synthese 49 (2):245 - 273.
  4. Review of Mark Sainsbury, Reference Without Referents[REVIEW]Stephen Barker - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (1).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Are Proper Names Rigid Designators?Pierre Baumann - 2010 - Axiomathes 20 (2-3):333-346.
    A widely accepted thesis in the philosophy of language is that natural language proper names are rigid designators, and that they are so de jure, or as a matter of the “semantic rules of the language.” This paper questions this claim, arguing that rigidity cannot be plausibly construed as a property of name types and that the alternative, rigidity construed as a property of tokens, means that they cannot be considered rigid de jure; rigidity in this case must be viewed (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  6. Gödel, Escher, Bach.J. Benardete - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (1):181-182.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Referring, Demonstrating, and Intending.Rod Bertholet - 1986 - Philosophy Research Archives 12:251-260.
    Demonstratives have been thought to provide counterexamples to theories which analyze the notion of speaker reference in terms of the intentions of the speaker. This paper is a response to three attempts to undermine my efforts to defend such theories against these putative counterexamples. It is argued that the efforts of Howard Wettstein, M. J. More and John L. Biro to show that my own attempt to defuse the putative counterexamples offered by David Kaplan fails, are themselves unsuccessful. The competing (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Speaker Reference.Rod Bertolet - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 52 (2):199 - 226.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  9. Calling Names.J. Biro - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):285-293.
    Many who agree with Kripke that ‘sloppy, colloquial speech’ often confuses use and mention would deem ‘ a is called N’ an example of such confusion, insisting on ‘ a is called "N"’ as the properly philosophical, un-sloppy, way of saying what is usually intended. Delia Graff Fara demurs – in my view, rightly. But the reasons she gives for doing so are, I think, themselves questionable and in any case do not go to the heart of the mistake on (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Reference and Identifying Descriptions.Steven E. Boer - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (2):208-228.
  11. Reference Without Referents – R. M. Sainsbury.Emma Borg - 2006 - Ratio 19 (3):370–375.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. The Subsumption of Reference.David Braddon-Mitchell - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (1):157-178.
    How can the reference of theoretical terms be stable over changes of theory? I defend an approach to this that does not depend on substantive metasemantic theories of reference. It relies on the idea that in contexts of use, terms may play a role in a theory that in turn points to a further (possibly unknown) theory. Empirical claims are claims about the nature of the further theories, and the falsification of these further theories is understood not as showing that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  13. Inscrutability and Ontological Commitment.Berit Brogaard - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 141 (1):21 - 42.
    There are two doctrines for which Quine is particularly well known: the doctrine of ontological commitment and the inscrutability thesis—the thesis that reference and quantification are inscrutable. At first glance, the two doctrines are squarely at odds. If there is no fact of the matter as to what our expressions refer to, then it would appear that no determinate commitments can be read off of our best theories. We argue here that the appearance of a clash between the two doctrines (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  14. Crossover Situations.Daniel Büring - 2004 - Natural Language Semantics 12 (1):23-62.
    Situation semantics as conceived in Kratzer (1989) has been shown to be a valuable companion to the e-type pronoun analysis of donkey sentences (Heim 1990, and recently refined in Elbourne 2001b), and more generally binding out of DP (BOOD; Tomioka 1999; Büring 2001). The present paper proposes a fully compositional version of such a theory, which is designed to capture instances of crossover in BOOD.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  15. Fictional Names.James D. Carney - 1977 - Philosophical Studies 32 (4):383 - 391.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16. Aristotle on Existential Import and Nonreferring Subjects.Scott Carson - 2000 - Synthese 124 (3):343-360.
  17. Contingent Identity and Rigid Designation.William R. Carter - 1987 - Mind 96 (382):250-255.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Rigid Designation.Hugh S. Chandler - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (13):363-369.
    I have been told that for some twenty minutes after reading this paper Kripke believed I had shown that proper names could be non-rigid designators. (Then, apparently, he found a crucial error in the set-up.) I take great pride in this (alleged) fact.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  19. Two Types of Donkey Sentences.Lisa L. S. Cheng & C. T. James Huang - 1996 - Natural Language Semantics 4 (2):121-163.
    Mandarin Chinese exhibits two paradigms of conditionals with indefinite wh-words that have the semantics of donkey sentences, represented by ‘bare conditionals’ on the one hand and ruguo- and dou-conditionals on the other. The bare conditionals require multiple occurrences of wh-words, disallowing the use of overt or covert anaphoric elements in the consequent clause, whereas the ruguo- and dou-conditionals present a completely opposite pattern. We argue that the bare conditionals are cases of unselective binding par excellence (Heim 1982, Kamp 1981) while (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20. Spanish Imperfecto and Pretérito: Truth Conditions and Aktionsart Effects in a Situation Semantics. [REVIEW]Alicia Cipria & Craige Roberts - 2000 - Natural Language Semantics 8 (4):297-347.
    Spanish verbs display two past-tense forms, the pret´rito and the imperfecto. We offer an account of the semantics of these forms within a situation semantics, addressing a number of theoretically interesting questions about how to realize a semantics for tense and events in that type of framework. We argue that each of these forms is unambiguous, and that the apparent variety of readings attested for them derives from interaction with other factors in the course of interpretation. The meaning of the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  21. If 'Cat' is a Rigid Designator, What Does It Designate?Monte Cook - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (1):61-4.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  22. Metaphysics, Reference, and Language.James W. Cornman - 1966 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  23. Self-Reference for Non-Selves.Sam Coval - 1974 - Philosophia 4 (4):469-483.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Sainsbury on Thinking About an Object (Sainsbury Sobre Pensar Acerca de Un Objeto).Tim Crane - 2008 - Critica 40 (120):85 - 95.
    R.M. Sainsbury's account of reference has many compelling and attractive features. But it has the undesirable consequence that sentences of the form "x is thinking about y" can never be true when y is replaced by a non-referring term. Of the two obvious ways to deal with this problem within Sainsbury's framework, I reject one (the analysis of thinking about as a propositional attitude) and endorse the other (treating "thinks about" as akin to an intensional transitive verb). This endorsement is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Reference Failure and Scientific Realism: A Response to the Meta-Induction.D. Cummiskey - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):21-40.
    Pure causal theories of reference cannot account for cases of theoretical term reference failure and do not capture the scientific point of introducing new theoretical terminology. In order to account for paradigm cases of reference failure and the point of new theoretical terminology, a descriptive element must play a role in fixing the reference of theoretical terms. Richard Boyd's concept of theory constituitive metaphors provides the necessary descriptive element in reference fixing. In addition to providing a plausible account of reference (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  26. Fictional Names.Gregory Currie - 1988 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (4):471 – 488.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  27. Simple Sentences, Substitutions, and Mistaken Evaluations.David Braun & Jennifer Saul - 2002 - Philosophical Studies 111 (1):1 - 41.
    Many competent speakers initially judge that (i) is true and (ii) isfalse, though they know that (iii) is true. (i) Superman leaps more tallbuildings than Clark Kent. (ii) Superman leaps more tall buildings thanSuperman. (iii) Superman is identical with Clark Kent. Semanticexplanations of these intuitions say that (i) and (ii) really can differin truth-value. Pragmatic explanations deny this, and say that theintuitions are due to misleading implicatures. This paper argues thatboth explanations are incorrect. (i) and (ii) cannot differ intruth-value, yet (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  28. On Failure to Refer.Arda Denkel - 1980 - Mind 89 (356):599-604.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Rigid Application.Michael Devitt - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 125 (2):139-165.
    Kripke defines a rigid designator as one that designates the same object in every possible world in which that object exists. He argues that proper names are rigid. So also, he claims, are various natural kind terms. But we wonder how they could be. These terms are general and it is not obvious that they designate at all. It has been proposed that these kind terms rigidly designate abstract objects. This proposal has been criticized because all terms then seem to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  30. What to Say When There Is Nothing to Talk About (Qué Decir Cuando No Hay Nada de Que Hablar).Mircea Dumitru & Frederick Kroon - 2008 - Critica 40 (120):97 - 109.
    In Reference without Referents, Mark Sainsbury aims to provide an account of reference that honours the common-sense view that sentences containing empty names like "Vulcan" and "Santa Claus" are entirely intelligible, and that many such sentences -"Vulcan doesn't exist", "Many children believe that Santa Claus will give them presents at Christmas", etc.- are literally true. Sainsbury's account endorses the Davidsonian program in the theory of meaning, and combines this with a commitment to Negative Free Logic, which holds that all simple (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Vagueness and Second-Level Indeterminacy.Matti Eklund - 2010 - In Richard Dietz & Sebastiano Moruzzi (eds.), Cuts and Clouds: Vaguenesss, its Nature and its Logic. Oxford University Press.
    My theme here will be vagueness. But first recall Quine’s arguments for the indeterminacy of translation and the inscrutability of reference. (I will presume these arguments to be familiar.) If Quine is right, then there are radically different acceptable assignments of semantic values to the expressions of any language: different assignments of semantic values that for all that is determined by whatever it is that determines semantic value are all acceptable, and all equally good. Quine even argued that the indeterminacy (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. The Ontological Significance of Inscrutability.Matti Eklund - 2007 - Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):115-134.
    I shall here discuss some matters related to the so-called radical indeterminacy or inscrutability arguments due to, e.g., Willard v. O. Quine, Hilary Putnam, John Wallace and Donald Davidson.1 These are arguments that, on the face of it, demonstrate that there is radical indeterminacy in what the expressions in a theory refer to and in what the ontology of the theory is. I will use “inscrutability argument” as a general label for these arguments. My main topic – after I have (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  33. Towards a Referential Analysis of Temporal Expressions.Mürvet Enç - 1986 - Linguistics and Philosophy 9 (4):405 - 426.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  34. Referentialism and Empty Names.Anthony Everett - 2000 - In T. Hofweber & A. Everett (eds.), Empty Names, Fiction, and the Puzzles of Non-Existence. CSLI Publications. pp. 37--60.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  35. Situations as Indices and as Denotations.Tim Fernando - 2009 - Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (2):185-206.
    A distinction is drawn between situations as indices required for semantically evaluating sentences and situations as denotations resulting from such evaluation. For atomic sentences, possible worlds may serve as indices, and events as denotations. The distinction is extended beyond atomic sentences according to formulae-as-types and applied to implicit quantifier domain restrictions, intensionality and conditionals.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36. Some Logical Aspects of Reference and Existence.Frederic B. Fitch - 1960 - Journal of Philosophy 57 (20/21):640-647.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. What is the Point? Concepts, Description, and Rigid Designation.Bradley Franks & Nick Braisby - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):70-70.
    Millikan's nondescriptionist approach applies an account of meaning to concepts in terms of designation. The essentialism that provides the principal grounds for rigid designation, however, receives no empirical support from concepts. Whatever the grounding, this view not only faces the problems of rigid designation in theories of meaning, it also calls for a role for pragmatics more consonant with descriptionist theories of concepts.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. Carter on Contingent Identity and Rigid Designation.Andre Gallois - 1988 - Mind 97 (386):273-278.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Rigid Designation and the Contingency of Identity.André Gallois - 1986 - Mind 95 (377):57-76.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  40. Nonreferring Uses of Proper Names.Richard T. Garner - 1971 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (3):358-368.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Logic and Natural Language: On Plural Reference and its Semantic and Logical Significance, by Hanoch Ben-Yami.Hans-Johann Glock - unknown
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Reply to Forbes.K. Gluer & P. Pagin - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):298-303.
    In earlier work (Glüer, K. and P. Pagin. 2006. Proper names and relational modality. Linguistics & Philosophy 29: 507–35; Glüer, K. and P. Pagin. 2008. Relational modality. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17: 307–22), we developed a semantics for (metaphysical) modal operators that accommodates Kripkean intuitions about proper names in modal contexts even if names are not rigid designators. Graeme Forbes (2011. The problem of factives for sense theories. Analysis 71: 654–62.) criticizes our proposal. He argues that our semantics (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  43. Alignment in Interactive Reference Production: Content Planning, Modifier Ordering, and Referential Overspecification.Martijn Goudbeek & Emiel Krahmer - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):269-289.
    Psycholinguistic studies often look at the production of referring expressions in interactive settings, but so far few referring expression generation algorithms have been developed that are sensitive to earlier references in an interaction. Rather, such algorithms tend to rely on domain-dependent preferences for both content selection and linguistic realization. We present three experiments showing that humans may opt for dispreferred attributes and dispreferred modifier orderings when these were primed in a preceding interaction (without speakers being consciously aware of this). In (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  44. Relativity Without Inscrutability.Douglas Greenlee - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (4):574-578.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Underspecification of Cognitive Status in Reference Production: Some Empirical Predictions.Jeanette K. Gundel, Nancy Hedberg & Ron Zacharski - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):249-268.
    Within the Givenness Hierarchy framework of Gundel, Hedberg, and Zacharski (1993), lexical items included in referring forms are assumed to conventionally encode two kinds of information: conceptual information about the speaker’s intended referent and procedural information about the assumed cognitive status of that referent in the mind of the addressee, the latter encoded by various determiners and pronouns. This article focuses on effects of underspecification of cognitive status, establishing that, although salience and accessibility play an important role in reference processing, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  46. Cognitive Status and the Form of Referring Expressions in Discourse.Jeanette Gundel, Nancy Hedberg & Ron Zacharski - 1993 - Language 69:274--307.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   39 citations  
  47. Reference Without Referents, by R. M. Sainsbury. [REVIEW]Peter Hanks - 2006 - Disputatio 1 (20):368 - 374.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Scott Soames's Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity. [REVIEW]Peter Hanks - 2006 - Noûs 40 (1):184–203.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Proto-Rigidity.Jussi Haukioja - 2006 - Synthese 150 (2):155-169.
    What is it for a predicate or a general term to be a rigid designator? Two strategies for answering this question can be found in the literature, but both run into severe difficulties. In this paper, it is suggested that proper names and the usual examples of rigid predicates share a semantic feature which does the theoretical work usually attributed to rigidity. This feature cannot be equated with rigidity, but in the case of singular terms this feature entails their rigidity, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  50. To Name or to Describe: Shared Knowledge Affects Referential Form.Daphna Heller, Kristen S. Gorman & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):290-305.
    The notion of common ground is important for the production of referring expressions: In order for a referring expression to be felicitous, it has to be based on shared information. But determining what information is shared and what information is privileged may require gathering information from multiple sources, and constantly coordinating and updating them, which might be computationally too intensive to affect the earliest moments of production. Previous work has found that speakers produce overinformative referring expressions, which include privileged names, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
1 — 50 / 284