Atomists

Edited by Monte Johnson (University of California, San Diego)
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  1. added 2020-05-25
    Conflicts of Atomisms. Some Major Differences Between Democritus and Colotes.Enrico Piergiacomi - 2016 - Elenchos 37 (1-2):147-180.
    The paper compares the thought of Democritus and that of Colotes. It is argued that the two thinkers diverge at least in three noteworthy respects: 1) they disagree about the nature of knowledge, for Democritus identifies it with a process which goes from raw sensation to intellectual understanding, whereas Colotes affirms the truth of every sensation and its fundamental role in the use of reason; 2) they have contrary opinions on the practice of “pleasing”, since the former totally rejects this (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-27
    Plutarch on the Geometry of the Elements.Jan Opsomer - 2015 - In Luc Van der Stockt & Michiel Meeusen (eds.), Aspects of Plutarch’s Natural Philosophy.
    Plutarch is committed to geometric atomism, the Platonic theory that derives the material elements from regular polyhedric shapes. An essential feature of this theory is that qualitative properties are not primitive, but supervene on more fundamental, quantitatively describable properties, such as the size, shape, mass or weight of the atoms, their solidity, position, arrangement and kinetic interactions. Plutarch recognises that the geometric account provides the causal explanation for phenomenal and other qualitative properties. He praises Plato and Democritus for their theoretical (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-01
    Meteorology.Monte Johnson - 2020 - In Liba Taub (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek and Roman Science. Cambridge, UK: pp. 160-184.
    Greco-Roman meteorology will be described in four overlapping developments. In the archaic period, astro-meteorological calendars were written down, and one appears in Hesiod’s Works and Days; such calendars or almanacs originated thousands of years earlier in Mesopotamia. In the second development, also in the archaic period, the pioneers of prose writing began writing speculative naturalistic explanations of meteorological phenomena: Anaximander, followed by Heraclitus, Anaxagoras, and others. When Aristotle in the fourth century BCE mentions the ‘inquiry that all our predecessors have (...)
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  4. added 2020-03-06
    Democritus (C. 460 - C. 370 BCE).Monte Johnson - 2011 - Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism 136:257-259.
    Encyclopedia article on Democritus. Includes a brief overview of his philosophical views, major works, and critical reception.
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  5. added 2020-03-05
    Epicureanism by Tim O'Keefe. [REVIEW]Monte Johnson - 2012 - Aestimatio 9:108.
  6. added 2020-03-05
    The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy. [REVIEW]Monte Johnson - 2000 - Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2000 (03.12).
  7. added 2020-03-05
    The Legacy of Parmenides. [REVIEW]Monte Johnson - 1999 - Bryn Mawr Classical Review 1999 (06.21).
  8. added 2020-02-23
    (W.) Leszl I primi atomisti: raccolta di testi che riguardano Leucippo e Democrito. Florence: L.S. Olschki, 2009. Pp. 449, CDROM. €55. 9788822258519. [REVIEW]Kelli Rudolph - 2011 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 131:264-265.
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  9. added 2020-02-18
    Philosophy and Dietetics in the Hippocratic On Regimen: A Delicate Balance of Health. By Hynek Bartos. [REVIEW]Monte Ransome Johnson - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):221-227.
    Hynek Bartos does the field of ancient philosophy a great service by detailing the influence of early Greek thinkers (such as Heraclitus, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Democritus, and Diogenes of Apollonia) on the Hippocratic work On Regimen, and by demonstrating that work’s innovative engagement with contemporary scientific and philosophical concepts as well as its direct influence on Plato and Aristotle. His study usefully counteracts the lamentable tendency among ancient philosophers to ignore or downplay the influence of medical literature on philosophy in general, (...)
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  10. added 2020-01-27
    Atomismo ético de Leucipo e Demócrito.João Emanuel Diogo - 2016 - Boletim de Estudos Clássicos 61 (61):67-84.
    In this article, we start from the general thesis of theatomism – everything in the universe is composed by atoms – toassume an atomist reading of the ethical fragments of Democritus.If Leucippus and Democritus explain not only the beginning of the world, as well as the constitution of the soul and the body from therelation atom-emptiness (to be-not to be), this structure will also beapplied to the ethical maxims that we know. Despite this, the relationsoul-body is one of superiority (the (...)
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  11. added 2019-08-28
    On Democritean Rhysmos.Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2019 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 27:e02702.
    In _Metaphysics_ A.4, Aristotle provides crucial information about fundamental aspects of the chemistry and microphysics of the atomic theory of Leucippus and Democritus of Abdera. Besides the plenum and the void, which he identifies as the elements of the atomic theory, he presents what he himself names as _differences_. These fundamental differences are named so because they ought to be responsible for the emergence of all other differences in the physical world, and especially the ones that hit our senses. Aristotle (...)
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  12. added 2019-07-30
    Democritus' Ophthalmology.Kelli Rudolph - 2012 - Classical Quarterly 62 (2):496-501.
    The poiintt of Democritus' physiology of the eye is that vision occurs because the eye allows the image in, and its sponginess aids the transmission of the image to the reasoning faculty. Thus,, Democritus' ophthalmology plays an important, though neglected, part in his theory of vision.
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  13. added 2019-07-07
    Aristotle on Kosmos and Kosmoi.Monte Johnson - 2019 - In Phillip Horky (ed.), Cosmos in the Ancient World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 74-107.
    The concept of kosmos did not play the leading role in Aristotle’s physics that it did in Pythagorean, Atomistic, Platonic, or Stoic physics. Although Aristotle greatly influenced the history of cosmology, he does not himself recognize a science of cosmology, a science taking the kosmos itself as the object of study with its own phenomena to be explained and its own principles that explain them. The term kosmos played an important role in two aspects of his predecessor’s accounts that Aristotle (...)
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  14. added 2019-07-07
    Nature, Spontaneity, and Voluntary Action in Lucretius.Monte Ransome Johnson - 2013 - In Daryn Lehoux, A. D. Morrison & Alison Sharrock (eds.), Lucretius: Poetry, Philosophy, Science. Oxford University Press.
    In twenty important passages located throughout De rerum natura, Lucretius refers to natural things happening spontaneously (sponte sua; the Greek term is automaton). The most important of these uses include his discussion of the causes of: nature, matter, and the cosmos in general; the generation and adaptation of plants and animals; the formation of images and thoughts; and the behavior of human beings and the development of human culture. In this paper I examine the way spontaneity functions as a cause (...)
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  15. added 2019-07-07
    Lucretius and the History of Science.Monte Ransome Johnson & Catherine Wilson - 2007 - In Stuart Gillespie & Philip R. Hardie (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Lucretius. Cambridge University Press.
    An overview of the influence of Lucretius poem On the Nature of Things (De Rerum Natura) on the renaissance and scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, and an examination of its continuing influence over physical atomism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
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  16. added 2019-07-07
    Was Gassendi an Epicurean?Monte Ransome Johnson - 2003 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 20 (4):339 - 360.
    Pierre Gassendi was a major factor in the revival of Epicureanism in early modern philosophy, not only through his contribution to the restoration and criticism of Epicurean texts, but also by his adaptation of Epicurean ideas in his own philosophy, which was itself influential on such important figures of early modern philosophy as Hobbes, Locke, Newton, and Boyle (to name just a few). Despite his vigorous defense of certain Epicurean ideas and ancient atomism, Gassendi goes to great lengths to differentiate (...)
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  17. added 2019-06-07
    Die Atomlehre Demokrits Und Platons Timaios. [REVIEW]Malcolm Schofield - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (1):330-331.
  18. added 2019-06-07
    Demokrits AtomeL: Eine Untersuchung Zur Überlieferung Und Zu Einigen Wichtigen Lehrstücken in Demokrits Physik. [REVIEW]Edward Hussey - 1980 - The Classical Review 30 (2):284-285.
  19. added 2019-06-06
    Democrito E L’Accademia. Studi Sulla Trasmissione Dell’Atomismo Antico da Aristotele a Simplicio. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Perilli - 2010 - Ancient Philosophy 30 (2):412-415.
  20. added 2019-06-06
    Parmenides and the History of Dialectic: Three Essays. By Scott Austin: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Robin Waterfield - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (4):698-698.
  21. added 2019-06-06
    Democritus: Science, the Arts, and the Care of the Soul. Edited by Aldo Brancacci and Pierre-Marie Morel: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Robin Waterfield - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (4):675-677.
  22. added 2019-06-06
    Lee Epistemology After Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus. Pp. Xii + 291. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005. Cased, £45. ISBN: 0-19-926222-5. [REVIEW]James Warren - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (1):59-61.
  23. added 2019-06-06
    Atome Et Nécessité. Démocrite, Épicure, Lucrèce. [REVIEW]Richard Dufour - 2002 - Dialogue 41 (3):591-593.
    L'objectif de la collection «Philosophies» est de faciliter l'accès à une œuvre ou à un thème philosophique. Dans ses publications, elle vise le grand public et non une poignée de spécialistes. C'est une caractéristique qu'il faut garder en tête lorsque nous abordons le présent livre de Pierre-Marie Morel. En effet, la présentation de l'atomisme qu'il nous offre n'entre pas dans tous les détails et évite les grandes controverses. Les discussions trop pointues cèdent la place à une explication d'ensemble mettant en (...)
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    Demokrit, Lachender Philosoph & Sanguinischer Melancholiker: Eine Pseudohippokratische Geschichte. [REVIEW]David Konstan - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (2):375-376.
  25. added 2019-06-06
    Santayana and Democritus: Two Mutually Interpreting Philosophical Poets.David A. Dilworth - 1989 - Overheard in Seville 7 (7):9-19.
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  26. added 2019-06-06
    Plurality of Worlds: The Origins of the Extraterrestrial Life Debate From Democritus to Kant : Steven J. Dick , 246 Pp., $12.95. [REVIEW]Angelo Caranfa - 1986 - History of European Ideas 7 (3):303-304.
  27. added 2019-06-06
    Steven J. Dick, "Plurality of Worlds: The Origins of the Extra-Terrestrial Life Debate From Democritus to Kant". [REVIEW]Lewis White Beck - 1984 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 22 (3):365.
  28. added 2019-06-06
    Studies in Presocratic Philosophy.David J. Furley & Reginald E. Allen (eds.) - 1970 - New York: Humanities Press.
  29. added 2019-06-06
    From Parmenides to Democritus. [REVIEW]G. B. Kerferd - 1966 - The Classical Review 16 (3):365-368.
  30. added 2019-06-06
    Ethics and Physics in Democritus, II.Gregory Vlastos - 1946 - Philosophical Review 55:53.
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  31. added 2019-06-06
    Ethics and Physics in Democritus, I.Gregory Vlastos - 1945 - Philosophical Review 54:578.
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    The Greek Atomists and Epicurus. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor - 1929 - The Classical Review 43 (2):68-70.
  33. added 2019-05-13
    Democritus Revived - J. Salem: Démocrite: grains de poussière dans un rayon de soleil . Pp. 415. Paris: J. Vrin, 1996. Paper, frs. 198. ISBN: 2-7116-1261-9. [REVIEW]Malcolm Schofield - 1998 - The Classical Review 48 (1):82-84.
  34. added 2019-04-22
    The Elementary Role of the So-Called Differences in the Atomism of Leucippus and Democritus.Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2019 - Prometheus 29:295-311.
  35. added 2018-11-25
    Elementos no atomismo, segundo Aristóteles.Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2018 - Hypnos 41:146-165.
    In this paper, I discuss the use made by Aristotle of the term “element” when dealing with the atomist theory of Leucippus and Democritus. My goal is to verify which aspects of the atomist theory play the role of elements according to the definitions of Aristotle, who seems to have certain expectations regarding what can be designated as elements in the strict sense. One of them is the possibility of reciprocal transformation, the so-called “generation of elements”, which is the chemical (...)
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  36. added 2018-06-12
    Changing Our Minds: Democritus on What is Up to Us.Monte Johnson - 2014 - In Pierre Destrée, R. Salles & Marco Antonio De Zingano (eds.), Up to Us: Studies on Causality and Responsibility in Ancient Philosophy. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag. pp. 1-18.
    I develop a positive interpretation of Democritus' theory of agency and responsibility, building on previous studies that have already gone far in demonstrating his innovativeness and importance to the history and philosophy of these concepts. The interpretation will be defended by a synthesis of several familiar ethical fragments and maxims presented in the framework of an ancient problem that, unlike the problem of free will and determinism, Democritus almost certainly did confront: the problem of the causes of human goodness and (...)
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  37. added 2018-06-12
    Atomismus.Monte Johnson - 2005 - In Jaeger Friedrich (ed.), Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit: Band 1 Abendland–Beleuchtung. Stuttgart: J.N.B. Metzler. pp. 783-789.
    Encyclopedia article briefly summarizing the history of atomism from antiquity to modernity.
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  38. added 2018-06-05
    Rhusmos E Movimento Dos Átomos Na Física de Demócrito.Miriam Campolina Diniz Peixoto - 2010 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 51 (122):413-428.
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  39. added 2018-03-23
    Weight in Greek Atomism.Michael J. Augustin - 2015 - Philosophia 45 (1):76-99.
    The testimonia concerning weight in early Greek atomism appear to contradict one another. Some reports assert that the atoms do have weight, while others outright deny weight as a property of the atoms. A common solution to this apparent contradiction divides the testimonia into two groups. The first group describes the atoms within a κόσμος, where they have weight; the second group describes the atoms outside of a κόσμος, where they are weightless. A key testimonium for proponents of this solution (...)
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  40. added 2018-03-01
    A química atomista de leucipo e demócrito no tratado sobre a geração e a corrupção de Aristóteles.Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2018 - Dissertation, UFMG, Brazil
  41. added 2018-02-19
    Karl Marx on Greek Atomism.Cyril Bailey - 1928 - Classical Quarterly 22 (3-4):205-.
    The first volume of the collected works of Karl Marx, which is being issued by the Marx-Engels Institute of Moscow, opens with a dissertation entitled ‘Über die Differenz der demokritischen und epikureischen Naturphilosophie’, which he presented for his doctorate at the University of Jena in 1841. It is interesting to find one who was afterwards to win fame in very different fields starting his career with an enthusiastic tract on Greekphilosophy, which he evidently intended to make his work for years (...)
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  42. added 2018-02-18
    Epistemology After Protagoras.Luca Castagnoli - 2007 - Ancient Philosophy 27 (2):405 - 418.
  43. added 2018-02-16
    Becoming Nietzsche: Early Reflections on Democritus, Schopenhauer, and Kant.Paul A. Swift - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    Becoming Nietzsche is an essential book for understanding Nietzsche's philosophical genealogy from 1866D1868, a phase that is punctuated by the influence of Friedrich Lange and a surprising rejection of Schopenhauer's theory of the will. During this phase, Nietzsche focuses on the scientific and artistic status of teleological judgments and their relevance for thinking about organic life and representation.
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  44. added 2017-12-23
    O atomismo segundo Aristóteles: pluralismo ou monismo?Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2017 - Phaine: Revista de Estudos Sobre a Antigüidade 3 (2):56-79.
  45. added 2017-07-10
    Epicurus and Democritean Ethics: An Archaeology of Ataraxia. [REVIEW]Englert Walter - 2004 - Ancient Philosophy 24 (2):496-500.
  46. added 2017-07-10
    Epicurus and Democritean Ethics. An Archaeology of Ataraxia. [REVIEW]T. D. Held Dirk - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (1):199-200.
    The objective of this study is the delineation of a philosophical tradition linking Epicurus’ ethical philosophy to Democritus. Specifically, Warren seeks to demonstrate that there is an ethical tradition of Democriteanism, anchored in atomism. Tracing its outlines demands extensive philosophical and philological sleuthing. It is inevitable that such a project will tell only a likely story for it is beset with challenges at virtually every stage. The challenges begin with Democritus himself. His ethical fragments, extensive in number, rest on the (...)
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  47. added 2017-07-10
    The Greek Atomists and Epicurus: A Study.[author unknown] - 1929 - Mind 38 (151):352-355.
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  48. added 2017-07-10
    The Greek Atomists and Epicurus.[author unknown] - 1928 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 7:139-139.
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  49. added 2017-07-06
    Greek Atomism and the One and the Many.Lillian Unger Pancheri - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (2):139-144.
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  50. added 2017-07-05
    Atomic Independence and Indivisibility.Istvan M. Bodnar - 1998 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 16:35-61.
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