Atonement

Edited by Daniel Von Wachter (International Academy of Philosophy In The Principality of Liechtenstein)
About this topic
Summary Christianity claims that through Jesus Christ's death on the cross a man can receive forgiveness and thus ‘eternal life’. This is expressed by saying that Christ ‘atoned’ for man's sin. The texts in this category discuss whether and how this is possible. Different views of the atonement are for example the penal substitution theory and the reparation view.
Key works Davis et al 2006 is a collection of new articles about the atonement. Swinburne 1989 is a detailed theory of the atonement, arguing that Christ enabled man to pay the debt. Porter 2004 defends penal substitution. Anselm's Cur deus homo? is the most thorough early treaties about the atonement.
Introductions Porter 2004
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211 found
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1 — 50 / 211
  1. added 2019-11-04
    Is the Atonement Necessary or Fitting?Anne Jeffrey - 2019 - Religious Studies 55:1-9.
    In her impressive Atonement, Eleonore Stump claims that her novel Marian theory of the atonement meets a desideratum for a successful theory that Aquinas's theory does not, namely, showing that Christ's passion and death are essential to the solution to the problem of human sin. Here I suggest reasons to side with Aquinas, who says that Christ's suffering and death are not necessary, but merely a fitting way of solving the problem. If the fittingness of Christ's passion and death is (...)
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  2. added 2019-10-30
    Conceptualizing the Atonement.Kathryn Pogin - forthcoming - In Michelle Panchuk & Michael C. Rea (eds.), Marginalized Identities, Peripheral Theologies: Expanding Conversations in Analytic Theology.
    If belief in the redemptive nature of the life and death of Christ is to be intellectually defensible, Christian philosophers must have an account of it that is not only philosophically coherent, but also morally unobjectionable. Drawing on feminist theology, this paper explores the epistemological and gendered implications of traditional approaches to the atonement; namely, the normalization of submission to violence and the idealization of suffering. Conceiving of redemption as arising out of sacrificial submission to violence has corrupted the shared (...)
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  3. added 2019-09-01
    Atonement and the Wrath of God.Eric Yang & Stephen T. Davis - 2015 - In Oliver Crisp & Fred Sanders (eds.), Locating Atonement. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Academic. pp. 154-167.
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  4. added 2019-06-28
    The Atonement.William Lane Craig - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    How did Christ's death overcome the estrangement and condemnation of sinners before a holy God, so as to reconcile them to Him? A great variety of theories of the atonement have been offered over the centuries to make sense of the fact that Christ by his death has provided the means of reconciliation with God: ransom theories, satisfaction theories, moral influence theories, penal substitution theories, and so on. Competing theories need to be assessed by their accord with biblical data and (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Sacrifice Imagined: Violence, Atonement, and the Sacred. By Douglas Hedley. Pp. Viii, 248, London/NY, Continuum, 2011, £19.99. [REVIEW]Patrick Madigan - 2014 - Heythrop Journal 55 (2):305-305.
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Self‐Forgiveness and Forgiveness.Zenon Szablowinski - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (4):678-689.
    If the notion of a victim's forgiveness encounters scepticism in today's world, more so the notion of self‐forgiveness by the offender. However, a failure to forgive oneself, when self‐forgiveness is appropriate, may be detrimental to one's moral and psychological well‐being. Self‐forgiveness is called for when guilt, self‐hatred and shame reach high levels. Further, a third party's assurance that the offence is forgivable may contribute considerably to the completion of the self‐forgiveness process. This article explores the notion of forgiveness of self (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    Forgiveness. By Eve Garrard and David McNaughton. Pp. Xi, 132, Durham, Acumen Publishing, 2010, £9.99.Christopher Hrynkow - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (3):537-538.
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    A Minor Matter? The Franciscan Thesis and Philosophical Theology 1.Peter S. Dillard - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (5):890-900.
    The Franciscan thesis maintains that the primary motive of the Incarnation is to glorify the triune God in the person of Jesus Christ: though Christ atones for human sins, his coming isn’t relative to our need for redemption but rather has an absolute primacy. The Franciscan thesis is sometimes associated with the counterfactual claim that Christ would have come even if humans hadn’t sinned. In recent work on the Franciscan thesis, an attempt is made to prove the counterfactual claim on (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Plantinga on “Felix Culpa”: Analysis and Critique.Marilyn McCord Adams - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (2):123-140.
    In “Supralapsarianism, or ‘O Felix Culpa,’” Alvin Plantinga turns from defensive apologetics to the project of Christian explanation and offers a supralapsarian theodicy: the reason God made us in a world like this is that God wanted to create a world including the towering goods of Incarnation and atonement—goods which are appropriate only in worlds containing a sufficient amount of sin, suffering, and evil as well. Plantinga’s approach makes human agents and their sin, suffering and evil, instrumental means to the (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Virtues and the Atonement of Christ: Analysis and Some Pastoral Proposals.Robert C. Roberts - 2002 - Faith and Philosophy 19 (3):275-290.
    What is the relation between the perfection that Christians have in Christ, by dint of his substitutionary Atonement for sinners, and the virtues to which we are called as believers? How does the Atonement affect the moral life of Christians and how are we to understand our virtues in the light of what God has done for us in Christ? This paper identifies three interactions between the Atonement and our virtues: the generative aspect, the dual attitude aspect, and the pervasion (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Perspectives in Contemporary Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW]Michael Scott - 2002 - Religious Studies 38 (3):363-369.
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    The Politics of Forgiveness: A Theological Exploration Of.John Hughes - 2001 - Modern Theology 17 (3):261-287.
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Anselmian Satisfaction, Duns Scotus and the Debt of Sin.Steven S. Aspenson - 1996 - Modern Schoolman 73 (2):141-158.
    I assess Anselm’s claim that the debt of sin is "infinite" by examining the thought-experiment used to illustrate it. The claim crashes due to a conflict with Anselm’s implied (and plausible) view of God’s obligations and due to interesting errors in his thought-experiment. Nevertheless, I defend his "Union-of-Obligation-and-Ability (UOA) strategy and his "Provision-of-Satisfaction" mechanism for explaining atonement, which relied functionally on sin’s infinite demerit, by changing them a bit. I also defend Anselm’s UOA and "Disorder-Avoidance" strategies from objections from Duns (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    The Actuality of Atonement: A Study of Metaphor, Rationality and the Christian Tradition. [REVIEW]Philip L. Quinn - 1992 - Faith and Philosophy 9 (2):272-276.
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Atonement and Reconciliation: VINCENT BRÜMMER.Vincent Brümmer - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (4):435-452.
    Religious believers understand the meaning of their lives in the light of the way in which they are related to God. Life is significant because it is lived in the presence of God, and ultimate bliss consists in being in the right relation with God. Through sin, however, our relationship with God has been drastically disrupted. The fundamental religious issue which we all have to face, therefore, is how this relationship can be restored. How can we attain ultimate bliss by (...)
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  16. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Preaching the AtonementPreaching the AtonementbyStevensonPeterandWrightStephenT & T Clark, London, 2005. 207 Pp. $29.95. ISBN 0-567-08999-1. [REVIEW]Patrick J. Willson - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (1):106-108.
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  17. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Violence, Hospitality, and the Cross: Reappropriating the Atonement TraditionViolence, Hospitality, and the Cross: Reappropriating the Atonement Tradition by BoersmaHansBaker Academic, Grand Rapids, 2004. 288 Pp., $ 29.99 . ISBN 0-8010-2720-9. [REVIEW]J. Todd Billings - 2006 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 60 (3):352-352.
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  18. added 2019-06-05
    Review Articles : Forgiveness and Truth: Explorations in Contemporary Theology, Edited by Alistair McFadyen and Marcel Sarot. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2001. 240 Pp. Pb. £19.99. ISBN 0-567-08777-8. Forgiveness and Revenge, by Trudy Govier. London: Routledge, 2002. 205 Pp. Pb. £13.99. ISBN 0-415-27856-2. On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness, by Jacques Derrida. London: Routledge, 2001. 60 Pp. Pb. £7.99. ISBN 0-415-22712-7. [REVIEW]John Hughes - 2003 - Studies in Christian Ethics 16 (1):79-86.
  19. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Redemptive Change: Atonement and the Christian Cure of Souls.Redemptive Change: Atonement and the Christian Cure of Souls. byRenoRussel R.Trinity Press International, Harrisburg, 2002. 267 Pp. $28.00. ISBN 1-56338-381-0. [REVIEW]Gordon Graham - 2003 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 57 (3):338-339.
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  20. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Cross Purposes: The Violent Grammar of Christian AtonementCross Purposes: The Violent Grammar of Christian AtonementbyBartlettAnthony W.Trinity Press International, Harrisburg, 2001. 277 Pp. $30.00. ISBN 1-56338-336-5. [REVIEW]Mark D. Baker - 2002 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 56 (2):222-223.
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  21. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Recovering the Scandal of the Cross: Atonement in New Testament and Contemporary ContextsRecovering the Scandal of the Cross: Atonement in New Testament and Contemporary ContextsbyGreenJoel B.andBakerMark D.InterVarsity, Downers Grove, Ill., 2000. 229 Pp. $15.99. ISBN 0-8308-1571-6. [REVIEW]Molly T. Marshall - 2001 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 55 (4):444-444.
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  22. added 2019-06-05
    Atonement and the Christian Life.Nancy J. Duff - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (1):21-33.
    Once the prophetic office of Christ is understood as the apocalypse of God's act of reconciliation, employing the threefold office to interpret the atonement preserves the tenets of classical Christian dogma while addressing important issues raised by feminist and womanist theologians.
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  23. added 2019-06-05
    Christ Takes Our Place.William C. Placher - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (1):5-20.
    Contemporary challenges—feminist and others—force us to rethink traditional doctrines of the atonement. Although René Girard and Jon Levenson open interesting avenues of interpretation, precisely how Christ takes the place of sinners and thereby saves us remains to be explained.
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  24. added 2019-06-05
    Bold in the Presence of God.Thomas G. Long - 1998 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 52 (1):53-69.
    The main goal of Hebrews is the renewal of Christian worship. Following Jesus the pioneer, freed by Jesus the liberator, and perfected by the offering of Jesus the great high priest, the faithful may enter the sanctuary with a clear conscience and stand boldly in the presence of God.
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  25. added 2019-05-28
    Divine Forgiveness and Mercy in Evolutionary Perspective.Isaac Wiegman - 2017 - In Matthew Nelson Hill & Wm Curtis Holtzen (eds.), Connecting Faith and Science. Claremont: Claremont Press. pp. 189-220.
  26. added 2019-01-23
    Stump's Forgiveness.Brandon Warmke - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):145-163.
    To love someone, Eleonore Stump tells us, is to have two desires: a desire her objective good and a desire for union with her. In Atonement, Stump claims that loving someone—understood as having these desires—is necessary and sufficient for morally appropriate forgiveness. I offer several arguments against this claim.
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  27. added 2018-12-19
    Atonement’s Axiological Boundaries.Yishai Cohen - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (3):177-195.
    According to the Felix Culpa Theodicy, worlds containing atonement and incarnation are of such great value that God is justified in actualizing such a world, despite all of the moral evil that has accompanied it. Focusing upon Alvin Plantinga’s articulation of this theodicy, I argue against FCT on the basis of normative ethical considerations. On the one hand, the deontic status of at least some actions depends upon the consequences of those actions. On the other hand, the existence of atonement (...)
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  28. added 2018-02-18
    Anselm on the Cost of Salvation.Brian Leftow - 1997 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 6 (1):73-92.
    This paper examines Anselm’s reply to this argument in order to shed light on a number of issues in philosophical theology, including the metaphysics of the Incarnation, the relation between perfect being theology and the doctrines of the Incarnation and the Atonement, the senses in which the Christian God might be impassible, and the nature of God’s perfect rationality and wisdom. (edited).
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  29. added 2018-02-17
    The Promise of a New Past.Samuel Lebens & Tyron Goldschmidt - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17:1-25.
    In light of Jewish tradition and the metaphysics of time, we argue that God can and will change the past. The argument makes for a new answer to the problem of evil and a new theory of atonement.
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  30. added 2017-09-25
    Eternal Immolation: Could a Trinitarian Coordinating-Concept for Theistic Metaphysics Solve the Problems of Theodicy?Damiano Migliorini - 2017 - International Journalof Philosophy and Theology 5 (1).
    The author contextualizes the Problem of Evil in Open Theism system, listing its main theses, primarily the logicof- love-defense (and free-will-defense) connected to Trinitarian speculation. After evaluating the discussion in Analytic Philosophy of Religion, the focus is on the personal mystery of evil, claiming that, because of mystery and vagueness, the Problem of Evil is undecidable. Recalling other schools of thought (Pareyson: ontology of freedom; Moltmann: Dialectical theology; Kenotic theology; Original Sin hermeneutics), the author tries to grasp their common insights. (...)
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  31. added 2017-05-21
    The God Who Died on a Cross.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    This is a spiritual-theological reflection on the meaning of the Cross of Christ, in the form of a prose-poetic monologue.
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  32. added 2017-03-07
    God Incarnate and the Defeat of Evil.Paul A. Macdonald Jr - 2009 - Modern Theology 25 (2):159-185.
    In this essay, I assess Marilyn McCord Adams's important and provocative incarnation-centered approach to the problem of evil. In particular, I examine the central theological components of her approach: her novel but also problematic conceptions of creation, sin, redemption, grace, and eschatological consummation. My further goal is to use my critical analysis of Adams's approach in order to begin to articulate and defend an alternative incarnation-centered approach, based on a more classically orthodox conception of divine defeat of evil, which is (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-15
    Milton on the Doctrine of the Atonement.James E. Johnston - 1985 - Renascence 38 (1):40-53.
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  34. added 2017-02-14
    Rethinking the Logic of Penal Substitution.Steven Porter - 2002 - In William Lane Craig (ed.), Philosophy of Religion: A Reader and Guide. Rutgers University Press. pp. 596--608.
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  35. added 2017-02-13
    Richard Swinburne, The Christian God. Pp. 261. £35.00 Hb, £13.95 Pb. [REVIEW]John Haldane - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (2):281.
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  36. added 2017-02-13
    Allen Tate's "The Cross".Richard J. O'Dea - 1966 - Renascence 18 (3):156-160.
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  37. added 2017-02-13
    The Maltese Cross As Sign In The Spoils of Poynton.Arnold Goldsmith - 1964 - Renascence 16 (2):73-77.
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  38. added 2017-02-11
    Remembering Guilt as a Social Project: Some Reflections on the Challenge of Working Through the Past.Michael Beintker - 2011 - Studies in Christian Ethics 24 (2):210-231.
    In light of the atrocities of National Socialism, the challenge of working through the past has become a crucial issue. The end of Communism has reinforced the urgency of this challenge. Coming to terms with an ethically problematic past takes place at several levels (jurisdictional/legal, political, mental). A central challenge is to keep memory alive and thereby to gain appropriate insights. However, the demand for constructive forms of remembrance should not be overloaded with expectations that are impossible to meet. The (...)
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  39. added 2017-02-11
    Can God Forgive Us Our Trespasses?David Londey - 1986 - Sophia 25 (2):4-10.
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  40. added 2017-02-10
    Merciful Justice.Jeanine Diller - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (3):719-735.
    I offer a solution to an old puzzle about how God can be both just and merciful at the same time—a feat which seems required of God, but at the same time seems impossible since showing mercy involves being more lenient than justice demands. Inspired by two of Jesus’ parables and work by Feinberg, Johnson and Smart, I suggest that following a “principle of merciful justice”—that persons ought to receive what they deserve or better—delivers mercy and justice simultaneously, certainly in (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-09
    The Nature of God's Love and Forgiveness.Douglas Drabkin - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (2):231 - 238.
    God, a being who is good in the best possible combination of ways, loves us. But does he feel sorrow on our behalf? Thomas Aquinas argues that: every passion is specified by its object. That passion, therefore, whose subject is absolutely unbefitting to God is removed from God even according to the nature of its proper species. Such a passion, however, is sorrow or pain, for its subject is the already present evil, just as the object of joy is the (...)
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  42. added 2017-02-08
    The Problem of Unresolved Wrongdoing.Kenneth Einar Himma - 2010 - Faith and Philosophy 27 (4):405-422.
    Many Christians believe that, because of divine grace, any person who repents of sin, accepts Christianity, and has genuinely authentic faith in God is forgiven for her sins and spared completely of the torments of hell. I argue that this idea is difficult to reconcile with certain Christian doctrines and common, though not universal, moral intuitions about wrongdoing and punishment. The main steps are as follows. The violation of an obligation creates a moral debt that requires correction by compensation, punishment, (...)
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  43. added 2017-02-08
    Substitution.Robert B. Gibbs - 1989 - Philosophy and Theology 4 (2):171-185.
    The subject is under siege. In many disciplines the self that modem thought established and fortified has fallen to critique. But while many explore the implications for epistemology, for literary theory, for psychology, or for history and social thought, few writers have pondered the question in terms of ethics. After all, ethics must rest on a subject, a person who makes choices and decides for various reasons to commit acts in one’s own name. l suggest that ethics can survive the (...)
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  44. added 2017-02-07
    How is Justice Restored?A. Skotnicki - 2006 - Studies in Christian Ethics 19 (2):187-204.
    Restorative justice is an approach to crime and punishment that seeks to bypass the dynamics of the courtroom. It features the opportunity for victim and offender to construct a mutually agreed-upon means of reparation. Its proponents frequently invoke three ethical claims in defence of the practice: that punishment is not a necessary response to crime, that justice must be understood in a contextual rather than a foundational sense, and that the character of the offender can be amended through the restorative (...)
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  45. added 2017-01-30
    Book Review: Glen Pettigrove, Forgiveness and Love. [REVIEW]Travis Ryan Pickell - 2014 - Studies in Christian Ethics 27 (3):374-377.
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  46. added 2017-01-29
    The Ethics of Forgiveness: A Collection of Essays. Edited by Christel Fricke. Pp. 212, Routledge, 2011, £28.49. [REVIEW]Zenon Szablowinski - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (5):866-867.
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  47. added 2017-01-29
    Swinburne on Atonement: STEVEN S. ASPENSON.Steven S. Aspenson - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (2):187-204.
    I criticize Richard Swinburne's account of the need for and means of atonement in his Responsibility and Atonement . I offer objections to his understanding and use of the notion of ‘the gift of life’ in his account of the need for atonement; and closely related to that, I show that his conclusions about duties to God as a benefactor do not follow from his reasons. Furthermore, when examined closely, these conclusions seem false. In relation to his account of the (...)
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  48. added 2017-01-28
    Forgiveness. [REVIEW]Christopher Hrynkow - 2014 - Heythrop Journal 55 (2):339-340.
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  49. added 2017-01-28
    The Difficulties of Forgiving—or Why Not to Reconcile with the Past?: Reflections on an Important Work About Forgiveness and Reconciliation.Jan-Olav Henriksen - 2008 - Ars Disputandi 8.
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  50. added 2017-01-27
    On Radical Forgiveness, Duty, and Justice.Sanjay Lal - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (4):677-684.
    In this essay. I explore questions pertaining to ‘radical’ acts of forgiveness as they relate to considerations of duties and justice. I will survey recent examples and show a possible philosophical basis for understanding them in terms of self-duty. Thus I will try to show that a little noticed basis exists for understanding acts of radical forgiveness as morally required (and not simply admirable or reserved for the saintly). I argue both that considerations of self-duty can provide a secular basis (...)
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