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Summary Authenticity is the distinctive ethical ideal of modern western societies.  Few people raised in the West will not, at some point in their lives, encounter the injunction: "be true to yourself".  However, it is not at all clear what this ideal amounts to, and philosophers in both Analytic and Continental traditions have been increasingly concerned to make sense of it. One descriptive philosophical puzzle concerns the ontological status of this 'self' to which the authentic person is true.  Perhaps the most important normative question involves the relation of the authentic person to his or her community, which, on some conceptions of authenticity, appears troublingly self-centred or individualistic.  While the literature contains several interesting answers to these (and many other) questions, it is probably fair to say that no one conception of authenticity enjoys widespread acceptance by contemporary philosophers.
Introductions Trilling 1973; Guignon 2004; Adorno 1973; Taylor 1992.
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  1. The Emergence of Authentic Human Person in Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche's Philosophy of the Superman: An Hermeneutics Approach to Literary Criticism.I. I. I. Abonado - 2014 - Iamure International Journal of Literature, Philosophy and Religion 5 (1).
    The paper interprets Nietzsche’s description of authentic human person.Based on the works of Nietzsche, commentaries and philosophical interpretationsof various authors, authentic human person evolves into a superman by usingthe principles of discipline and mastery of oneself. His authenticity, however,requires persistence, courage and strength to endure many forms of sufferingsand to overcome alienation brought about by his environment. Otherwise,man would become slave of his desires or alien to his own powers, talents andcapacities. Thus, Nietzsche’s thought of superman is an invitation to (...)
  2. The Jargon of Authenticity.Theodor W. Adorno - 1973 - Evanston: Ill., Northwestern University Press.
  3. Developing Islamic Jurisprudence in the Diaspora: Balancing Authenticity, Diversity, and Modernity.Azizah al-Hibri - 2014 - Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (1):7-24.
  4. The Pleasure of Being Oneself.Virgil C. Aldrich & C. E. M. Joad - 1952 - Philosophical Review 61 (4):607.
  5. On the Authenticity of Eur. Or. 1384.Nina Almazova - 2015 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 159 (2):207-223.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Philologus Jahrgang: 159 Heft: 2 Seiten: 207-223.
  6. Truth, Authenticity, and Culture.Luz Maria Alvarez-calderÓn - 1990 - Analecta Husserliana 31:49.
  7. The Spatial Dialectics of Authenticity.Amir Ameri - 2004 - Substance 33 (2):61-89.
  8. Autonomy and the Authority of Personal Commitments: From Internal Coherence to Social Normativity.Joel Anderson - 2003 - Philosophical Explorations 6 (2):90 – 108.
    It has been argued - most prominently in Harry Frankfurt's recent work - that the normative authority of personal commitments derives not from their intrinsic worth but from the way in which one's will is invested in what one cares about. In this essay, I argue that even if this approach is construed broadly and supplemented in various ways, its intrasubjective character leaves it ill-prepared to explain the normative grip of commitments in cases of purported self-betrayal. As an alternative, I (...)
  9. The Persistence of Authenticity. [REVIEW]Joel Anderson - 1995 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 21 (1).
  10. Review Essay : The Persistence of Authenticity: Alessandro Ferrara, Modernity and Authenticity: A Study of the Social and Ethical Thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Albany, Ny: Suny Press, 1993) Charles Taylor, the Ethics of Authenticity (Cambridge, Ma: Harvard University Press, 1992) [Originally Published as the Malaise of Modernity (Concord, Ontario: House of Anansi Press, 1991)]. [REVIEW]Joel Anderson - 1995 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 21 (1):101-109.
  11. Sartre's Two Ethics From Authenticity to Integral Humanity.Thomas C. Anderson - 1993 - Open Court.
  12. In Search of Authenticity and Personality.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 2010 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (2):283-312.
    Throughout Nietzsche’s writings we find discussion of various human maladies and sicknesses, such as the historical malady and decadence, along withvarious conceptions of a possible cure or therapy. In this essay I argue that Nietzsche’s conception of philosophy’s therapeutic role centres on the protection and promotion of authenticity and explore his preoccupation with authentic existence in each one of his three main intellectual periods. After an opening section on therapeia and paideia in Nietzsche, I focus first on writings from his (...)
  13. Nochmals the Authenticity of Odyssey 10.475-9.M. J. Apthorp - 1992 - Classical Quarterly 42 (1):270-271.
    It is gratifying to see the authenticity of Od. 10.475–9 defended anew by the late, Professor Alfred Heubeck; in 1974 I put forward a rather similar defence of the lines myself. However, Heubeck's correct conclusion – that the passage is genuine – stands in startling contrast to some gross exaggerations, in both the Italian and the English versions of his work, about the extent of the manuscript evidence against the passage.
  14. A Critique of Sartrian Authenticity.John D. Arras - 1976 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2):171.
  15. The Ethics of Authenticity in Being and Time [Spanish].Héctor Oscar Arrese Igor - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 15:118-141.
    In this paper I try to show that Heidegger develops in Being and Time an ethics of the authenticity, which doesn´t consist in the prescription of rules of action, but in a certain attitude, which the Dasein has to adopt toward his own mortality. In relation to this aim I will consider the problems of the state of Verfallenheit, the anxiety and the death as an own possibility. These themes are analyzed from the point of view of the dichotomy that (...)
  16. Filling the Gap : Nietzsche's Account of Authenticity as a Supplementary Ideal.Michaela Christie Baker - unknown
    This thesis examines the ideal of authenticity: why we might want or need such an ideal, what such an ideal would look like, and what mechanisms we would need to ensure the successful operation of such an ideal. The thesis has three main parts. The fIrst part of the thesis aims at motivating the need to look to authenticity as a supplementary ideal to normative moraI theory. I do this by drawing a distinction between ethics and morality and arguing that (...)
  17. Hadrian's Farewell to Life: Some Arguments for Authenticity.Barry Baldwin - 1970 - Classical Quarterly 20 (02):372-.
    T. D. Barnes has recently impugned the authenticity of these verses and calls for a defence of their genuineness. Although I agree with Fergus Millar that ‘the problem of the Historia Augusta is one into which sane men refrain from entering’,2 yet I think we can at least counter Barnes's objections. Barnes musters four arguments which he naturally calls ‘quite conclusive’. He first points out that the verses are omitted in the epitome of Dio by Xiphilinus, who is our sole (...)
  18. Marxist Challenges to Heidegger on Alienation and Authenticity.B. W. Ballard - 1990 - Man and World 23 (2):121-141.
    From what has been argued, it should now be apparent how Heidegger's philosophy of the affect, its ontological disclosures and its relation to authenticity might be enlarged to meet certain marxist challenges. The most valuable instruction to be gained from these citicisms, I think, is that which Lukacs offers in the example of Szilasi's intuition of co-presence. Traditional phenomenology needs to enrich its investigations into the social and historical reality of situation. Kosik's point that Heideggerian authenticity lacks the crucial third (...)
  19. To Be or Not to Be Authentic. In Defence of Authenticity as an Ethical Ideal.Katharina Bauer - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (3):567-580.
    It has recently been pointed out that the cloudiness of the concept of authenticity as well as inflated ideologies of the ‘true self’ provide good reasons to criticize theories and ideals of authenticity. Nevertheless, there are also good reasons to defend an ethical ideal of authenticity, not least because of its critical and oppositional force, which is directed against experiences of self-abandonment and self-alienation. I will argue for an elaborated ethical ideal of authenticity: the ambitious ideal of a continuous self-reflective (...)
  20. Practical Necessity and Personality.Katharina Bauer - 2016 - In Jonathan Webber & Alberto Masala (eds.), From Personality to Virtue. Essays in the Philosophy of Character. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 81-105.
    This paper argues that certain expressions of practical necessity – like ‘I have to do this, I do not have a choice’ or ‘Here I stand, I can do no other’ – allow an insight into deep structures of personality and self-understanding. They point at a limit where someone would have to ‘become another person’ (in his own view), if he was forced to an alternative decision, because of neglecting ground-projects and convictions, which are essential for his self-conception. This limit (...)
  21. Authenticity Revisited.Bruce Baugh - 1988 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (4):477-487.
  22. Freedom and Authenticity.Rodger Beehler - 1990 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):39-44.
    ABSTRACT The essay enquires whether action that authentically expresses the self who acts constitutes freedom. Features of authentic action that tempt toward this assimilation are identified, and a recent theory of freedom that propounds the assimilation is examined. An illustrative example of authentic action in conditions of unfreedom is discussed. Reasons are proposed for judging the equation of freedom with authenticity a mistake. Noted in particular is the error of confusing the subjective condition of authentic choice with the objective circumstance (...)
  23. Sartre's Ethics of Authenticity.Linda A. Bell - 1989 - The University of Alabama Press.
  24. Taylor Carman, Interpretation, Discourse, and Authenticity in Being and Time.Dana S. Belu - 2004 - Philosophical Inquiry 26 (1-2):99-103.
    This review argues that Carman's book is an excellent source for making sense of Heidegger's early work on interpretation.
  25. In Search of Authenticity the Formation of Folklore Studies.Regina Bendix - 1997
  26. Self-Knowledge and the Bounds of Authenticity.Sven Bernecker - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (1):107-121.
    This paper criticizes the widespread view whereby a second-order judgment of the form ‘I believe that p ’ qualifies as self-knowledge only if the embedded content, p , is of the same type as the content of the intentional state reflected upon and the self-ascribed attitude, belief, is of the same type as the attitude the subject takes towards p . Rather than requiring identity of contents across levels of cognition self-knowledge requires only that the embedded content of the second-order (...)
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  27. A Kierkegaardian Critique of Heidegger's Concept of Authenticity.Daniel Berthold-Bond - 1991 - Man and World 24 (2):119-142.
  28. Authenticity, Community, and Modernity.Kenneth C. Bessant - 2011 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (1):2-32.
  29. Sociologia de la Autenticidad y la Simulacion Seguido de Otros Ensayos.Cayetano Betancur - 1955 - [Ministerio de Educacion Nacional, Division de Extension Cultural].
  30. Authenticity and the Limits of Philosophy.Lauren Bialystok - 2014 - Dialogue 53 (2):271-298.
  31. Refuting Polonius: Sincerity, Authenticity, and 'Shtick'.Lauren Bialystok - 2011 - Philosophical Papers 40 (2):207 - 231.
    Abstract In this paper I probe the kinds of views about selfhood that inform our understanding of sincerity and authenticity and argue that the terms have separate, but related, boundaries. Borrowing Harry Frankfurt's notion of wholeheartedness, I argue that authenticity is a form of alignment or consistency within the self, which requires self-knowledge and intentionality in order to be actualized. Sincerity involves representing oneself truthfully to others but does not depend on the presence of authenticity. I contrast sincerity and authenticity (...)
  32. Meaning and Authenticity.Lauren Bialystok - 2009 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 13 (1):144-147.
  33. Meaning and Authenticity. [REVIEW]Lauren Bialystok - 2009 - Symposium 13 (1):144-147.
  34. Żargon Autentyczności (Charles Taylor, The Ethics of Authenticity).Agata Bielik - 1996 - Etyka 29.
  35. Belief, Deconversion, and Authenticity Among US Emerging Evangelicals.James S. Bielo - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (3):258-276.
  36. Belief, Deconversion, and Authenticity Among U.S. Emerging Evangelicals.James S. Bielo - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (3):258-276.
  37. 8. Integrity, Sincerity, Authenticity.Simon Blackburn - 2014 - In Mirror, Mirror: The Uses and Abuses of Self-Love. Princeton University Press. pp. 163-186.
  38. Genuine Reciprocity and Group Authenticity: Foucauldean Developments of Sartre's Social Ontology.Kevin Craig Boileau - 1998 - Dissertation, The University of New Mexico
    This thesis evaluates Sartre's theories about social relations and authentic political community in the light of Foucault's insights about power, freedom, and subjectivity. ;For Sartre, individual authenticity depends upon an ethics that liberates humans from living in 'bad faith,' by means of a critical reflection about the nature of human reality. The goal of this ethics is the development of individuals who choose their own freedom and that of others as their highest value. ;Even though Sartre's early account of relations (...)
  39. Authenticity and Education.Michael Bonnett - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 12 (1):51–61.
  40. Researching with and for Young Children: Congruence and Authenticity in Methodology.Danielle J. Boone, Lisa C. Ehrich & John Lidstone - 2009 - Encyclopaideia 13 (25):45-62.
  41. Authenticity in Kurosawa.Luc Bovens - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (2):227-237.
    Much of the contemporary philosophical literature on authenticity is secondary work on figures like Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre, and Camus. I would like to find a different voice by searching for inspiration in the artistic expression that the theme of authenticity has found in the oeuvre of the Japanese film-maker Akira Kurosawa. To be authentic is to be true to ourselves. But what is it to be true to ourselves? The locution suggests that authenticity has something to do with the (...)
  42. Authenticity Brands, Fakes, Spin and the Lust for Real Life.David Boyle - 2003
  43. True to Ourselves.Jan Bransen - 1998 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 6 (1):67 – 85.
    The paper addresses the problem of authenticity from a point of view that diverges from the more usual social, political, or moral approaches, by focusing very explicitly on the internal psychological make-up of human agents in an attempt to identify the conditions that would enable us to use the colloquial phrase 'being true to ourselves' in a way that is philosophically tenable. First, it is argued that the most important and problematic condition is the requirement that agents can be the (...)
  44. Levensecht En Bescheiden Essays Over Authenticiteit : Afscheidsbundel ter Ere van Prof. Dr. Johan van der Hoeven.A. Th Brèuggemann-Kruijff, H. G. Geertsema, Marièette Willemsen & Johan van der Hoeven - 1998
  45. Prudence and Authenticity: Intrapersonal Conflicts of Value.David O. Brink - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (2):215-245.
    Prudence and authenticity are sometimes seen as rival virtues. Prudence,as traditionally conceived, is temporally neutral. It attaches no intrinsic significance to the temporal location of benefits or harms within the agent’s life; the prudent agent should be equally concerned about all parts of her life. But people’s values and ideals often change over time, sometimes in predictable ways, as when middle age and parenthood often temporize youthful radicalism or spontaneity with concerns for comfort,security, and predictability. In situations involving diachronic, intrapersonal (...)
  46. Authenticity and Learning.Garry M. Brodsky - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (4):883-884.
  47. Accountability, Integrity, Authenticity, and Self-Legislation: Reflections on Ruediger Bittner's Reflections on Autonomy. [REVIEW]Sarah Buss - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S7):1-14.
    In this paper I consider three widespread assumptions: (1) the assumption that we are accountable for our intentional actions only if they are in some special sense ours; (2) the assumption that it is possible for us to be more or less “true to” ourselves, and that we are flawed human beings to the extent that we lack “integrity”; and (3) the assumption that we can sometimes give ourselves reasons by giving ourselves commands. I acknowledge that, as Ruediger Bittner has (...)
  48. Her Own Decision: Impairment and Authenticity in Adolescence.A. T. Campbell, S. F. Derrington, D. M. Hester & C. D. Lew - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (1):47-55.
    This case describes an adolescent in a crisis of a chronic medical condition whose situation is complicated by substance abuse and mental illness. D. Micah Hester provides an analytic approach, teasing apart the multiple layers of medical, developmental, and moral issues at hand and describing possible responses and outcomes. Amy T. Campbell examines existing legal guidelines for adolescent decision making, arguing that greater space exists for clinical discretion in these matters than commonly thought. Cheryl D. Lew discusses the development of (...)
  49. The Logic of Autonomy and the Logic of Authenticity. A Two-Tiered Conception of Moral Subjectivity.Thiebaut Carlos - 1997 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (3):93-108.
  50. The Virtuous Ensemble: Socratic Harmony and Psychological Authenticity.Paul Carron & Anne-Marie Schultz - 2014 - Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (1):127-136.
    We discuss two models of virtue cultivation that are present throughout the Republic: the self-mastery model and the harmony model. Schultz (2013) discusses them at length in her recent book, Plato’s Socrates as Narrator: A Philosophical Muse. We bring this Socratic distinction into conversation with two modes of intentional regulation strategies articulated by James J. Gross. These strategies are expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal. We argue that that the Socratic distinction helps us see the value in cognitive reappraisal and that (...)
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