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Summary The metaphysical issue to which Berkeley gave most attention is the question of the nature of the perceived world. This includes the analysis of perceived objects (bodies), and of the space they are perceived as inhabiting, as well as the nature of the perceptual relationship itself.
Key works Muehlmann 1995 is a collection of essays on Berkeley's metaphysics. Book-length treatments of Berkeley's thought focused primarily or exclusively on metaphysics include Roberts 2007, Dicker 2011, and Rickless 2013Foster 1982, 2008 offers a contemporary defense of a metaphysical system inspired by Berkeley.
Introductions Stoneham 2002 provides an introduction to the Three Dialogues focused primarily on metaphysical issues.
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  1. Berkeley: la concepción de Dios en los Comentarios Filosóficos / Berkeley: the Conception of God in the Philosophical Commentaries.Alberto Luis López - 2015 - Endoxa 36:123.
    Berkeley was a philosopher who wrote about such diverse topics as natural philosophy, political philosophy, mathematics, economy, and theology. Within this broad range of interests, his concern about the infinite spirit stands out; thus, the aim of this paper is to trace the origins of Berkeley´s conception of God, an issue which is already prefigured in the Philosophical Commentaries. The importance of knowing and analyze the notes that make up the Commentaries lies in that they make it possible to understand (...)
  2. A Proposta (I) Modesta de Berkeley. Um Mundo Sem Matéria.Pedro Alves - 2011 - Philosophica -- Revista Do Departamento de Filosofia da Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa 38:59-74.
Berkeley: Immaterialism
  1. Berkeleyan Idealism, Christianity, and the Problem of Evil.John M. DePoe - 2017 - Philosophia Christi 19 (2):401-413.
  2. George Berkeley.Daniele Bertini - 2018 - Aphex 18.
    George Berkeley (1685-1753) is one of the most influential early modern philosophers, and in reason of this a never-ending critical interest focuses on his works. Such a critical attention gave rise to a broad literature and it is in fact quite easy to find valuable introductory books to Berkeley's works. It would be thus superfluous to provide a further summary of the entire production of Berkeley. Rather, I focus on a specific issue, namely the main points of interest of immaterialism (...)
  3. Language and the Structure of Berkeley's World. [REVIEW]Melissa Frankel - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2017.
  4. An Intuitionistic Defence of Berkeley’s Master Argument.Conor McGlynn - forthcoming - Analysis:any010.
    Berkeley’s ‘master argument’ for idealism has been the subject of extensive criticism. Two of his strongest critics, A.N. Prior and J.L. Mackie, argue that due to various logical confusions on the part of Berkeley, the master argument fails to establish his idealist conclusion. Prior argues that Berkeley’s argument ‘proves too little’ in its conclusion, while Mackie contends that Berkeley confuses two different kinds of self-refutation in his argument. This paper proposes a defence of the master argument based on intuitionistic argument. (...)
  5. Reviewed Works: The Early Reception of Berkeley's Immaterialism, 1710-1733 by Harry M. Bracken; George Berkeley by Andre-Louis Leroy. [REVIEW]Walter B. Carter - 1960 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (2):271.
  6. La crítica de George Berkeley al representacionalismo de John Locke.Alberto Oya - 2018 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 35 (1):109-126.
    En su Tratado sobre los principios del conocimiento humano, George Berkeley ofrece una serie de argumentos cuyo objetivo es criticar la tesis materialista. Mi propósito en este artículo es reconstruir y analizar en detalle estos argumentos. Dado que la crítica de Berkeley al materialismo es, fundamentalmente, una crítica al materialismo representacionalista de John Locke, empezaré este artículo explicando cuáles son las ideas básicas de la propuesta de Locke.
  7. The Scope of Berkeley's Idealism in the 1734 Edition of Three Dialogues.Stefan Storrie - 2018 - In Berkeley's Three Dialogues: New Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 160-175.
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  8. Berkeley's Semiotic Idealism.Keota Fields - 2018 - In Stefan Storrie (ed.), Berkeley's Three Dialogues: New Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 61-83.
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  9. Language and the Structure of Berkeley’s World. [REVIEW]Eugene Callahan - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-4.
  10. Action, Knowledge and Embodiment in Berkeley and Locke.Tom Stoneham - 2018 - Philosophical Explorations 21 (1):41-59.
    Embodiment is a fact of human existence which philosophers should not ignore. They may differ to a great extent in what they have to say about our bodies, but they have to take into account that for each of us our body has a special status, it is not merely one amongst the physical objects, but a physical object to which we have a unique relation. While Descartes approached the issue of embodiment through consideration of sensation and imagination, it is (...)
  11. Is Shepherd's Pen Mightier Than Berkeley's Word?Samuel C. Rickless - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (2):317-330.
    In 1827, Lady Mary Shepherd published Essays on the Perception of an External Universe, which offers both an argument for the existence of a world of external bodies existing outside our minds and a criticism of Berkeley's argument for idealism in A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. In this paper, I evaluate Margaret Atherton's criticisms of Shepherd's case against Berkeley, and provide reasons for thinking that, although Shepherd's particular criticisms of Berkeley do not succeed, she correctly identifies an (...)
  12. Kantian Phenomenalism Without Berkeleyan Idealism.Tim Jankowiak - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (2):205-231.
  13. George Berkeley and Jonathan Edwards on Idealism: Considering an Old Question in Light of New Evidence.Scott Fennema - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review:1-26.
  14. The Worst Argument in the World – Defended.Scott Stapleford - 2017 - Think 16 (47):15-23.
    In this paper, I argue that Berkeley’s master argument is not the worst argument in the world—more like third or fourth.
  15. George Berkeley: els arguments positius a favor del immaterialisme i el principi de semblança.Alberto Oya - 2017 - Comprendre 19 (1):83-92.
    L'objectiu d'aquest article és oferir un anàlisi dels arguments principals del Tractat sobre els Principis del Coneixement Humà, de G. Berkeley. Aquests arguments -que es troben a I, §4, I, §5-7 i I, §23 de l'obra de Berkeley- tenen como a objectiu demostrar la inconcebibilitat d'un món extern de caràcter físic. Argumentaré que la validesa d'aquests tres arguments depèn del anomenat «principi de semblança». La conclusió a la que arribaré és que l'acceptació del principi de semblança -i, en conseqüència, dels (...)
  16. Berkeley on Inconceivability and Impossibility.Thomas Holden - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Contrary to a popular reading of his modal epistemology, Berkeley does not hold that inconceivability entails impossibility, and he cannot therefore argue the impossibility of mind-independent matter by appealing to facts about what we cannot conceive. Berkeley is explicit about this constraint on his metaphysical argumentation, and, I argue, does respect it in practice. Popular mythology about the ‘master argument’ notwithstanding, the only passages in which he might plausibly seem to employ the principle that inconceivability entails impossibility are those that (...)
  17. If We Stop Thinking About Berkeley's Problem of Continuity, Will It Still Exist?S. Seth Bordner - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (2):237-260.
    Berkeley holds that the essence of sensible objects is percipi. So, sensible objects cannot exist unperceived. Naturally, this has invited questions about the existence of sensible objects when unperceived by finite minds. This is sometimes called the Problem of Continuity. It is frequently said that Berkeley solves the problem by invoking God's ever-present perception to ensure that sensible objects maintain a continuous existence. Problems with this line of response have led some to a phenomenalist interpretation of Berkeley's claim. This paper (...)
  18. I. C. Tipton, "Berkeley: The Philosophy of Immaterialism". [REVIEW]Harry M. Bracken - 1976 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 14 (2):235.
  19. Robert G. Muehlmann, "Berkeley's Ontology". [REVIEW]Lisa Downing - 1994 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (2):309.
  20. Berkeley's Immaterialist Account of Action.Patrick Fleming - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 44:415-429.
    A number of critics have argued that Berkeley's metaphysics can offer no tenable account of human agency. In this paper I argue that Berkeley does have a coherent account of action. The paper addresses arguments by C.C. W. Taylor, Robert Imlay, and Jonathan Bennett. The paper attempts to show that Berkeley can offer a theory of action, maintain many of our common intuitions about action, and provide a defensible solution to the problem of evil.
  21. The relation of Berkeley's later to his earlier idealism.Carl V. Tower - 1901 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 52:323-325.
  22. Berkeley's immaterialism, a commentary on his « A Treatise concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge ».A. A. Luce - 1948 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 138:233-234.
  23. Berkeley's Ontology.Robert G. Muehlmann - 1994 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 184 (3):386-387.
  24. Berkeley, The philosophy of immaterialism.I. C. Tipton - 1974 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 164 (4):461-462.
  25. The Metaphysics of Berkeley Critically Examined in the Light of Modern Philosophy.G. W. Kaveeshwar - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (42):228-229.
  26. Berkeley's Immaterialism.A. A. Luce - 1947 - Philosophy 22 (81):87-92.
  27. Berkeley's Immaterialism and Kant's Transcendental Idealism: M. R. Ayers.M. R. Ayers - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 13:51-69.
    Ever since its first publication critics of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason have been struck by certain strong formal resemblances between transcendental idealism and Berkeley's immaterialism. Both philosophers hold that the sensible world is mind-dependent, and that from this very mind-dependence we can draw a refutation of scepticism of the senses.
  28. A Comparison of Kant's Idealism with That of Berkeley.H. W. B. Joseph - 1930 - Journal of Philosophical Studies 5 (18):283-285.
  29. The Argument from Illusion and Berkeley's Idealism.Konrad Marc-Wogau - 1958 - Theoria 24 (2):94.
  30. The Dialectic of Immaterialism: An Account of the Making of Berkeley's PRINCIPLES.A. A. Luce - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (60):264-265.
  31. The Early Reception of Berkeley's Immaterialism, 1710-1733.H. M. Bracken - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 11 (44):278-280.
  32. Berkeley: The Philosophy of Immaterialism.I. C. Tipton - 1976 - Philosophical Quarterly 26 (103):171-173.
  33. Berkeley's Ontology.Robert G. Muehlmann - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (3):580-582.
  34. Berkeley: The Philosophy of Immaterialism.Michael Hooker & I. C. Tipton - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):407-410.
  35. Berkeley: The Philosophy of Immaterialism.I. C. Tipton - 1976 - Mind 85 (337):122-124.
  36. Berkeley’s Argument for Idealism, by Samuel C. Rickless.: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Georges Dicker - 2013 - Mind 122 (488):1183-1187.
  37. Berkeley on the Numerical Identity of What Several Immediately Perceive.Richard Glauser - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (8):517-530.
    Although several passages in Berkeley are related to the question whether two or more finite substances can simultaneously perceive numerically identical sensible ideas, it is only in TDHP that he addresses the question explicitly and in some detail. Yet, Berkeley’s less than straightforward reply is notoriously difficult to pin down. Some commentators take Berkeley to be endorsing a clear‐cut positive reply, whereas others have him giving an emphatically negative one; others hold that for Berkeley there is no fact of the (...)
  38. The Early Reception of Berkeley's Immaterialism, 1710-1733.Harry M. Bracken - 1967 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 23 (1):101-101.
  39. J. C. Tipton's "Berkeley: The Philosophy of Immaterialism". [REVIEW]George J. Stack - 1976 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (2):277.
  40. Berkeley: The Philosophy of Immaterialism. [REVIEW] F. - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (3):569-570.
  41. Berkeley and Gentile: A Reading of Berkeley’s Master Argument.Daniele Bertini - 2007 - Idealistic Studies 37 (1):43-50.
    My purpose is to compare Berkeley’s and Gentile’s idealism, interpreting Berkeley’s Treatise, §§22–23, and Gentile’s reading of this passage. The Italian philosopher finds in Berkeley’s master argument the original source of the true idealistic way of thinking, but he believes that Berkeley has not been sufficiently consistent in deducing all the consequences from his new principle. This criticism is the ground of Gentile’s actual idealism. Comparing the two positions is very instructive both to elucidate the general issue of idealism and (...)
  42. Epistemology and Ontology In Kant’s Critique of Berkeley.Ted Kinnaman - 2002 - Idealistic Studies 32 (3):203-220.
    Despite apparent similarities between them, in the Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics and in the second edition of the Critique of Pure Reason Kant makes several attempts to distinguish his idealism from Berkeley’s. I argue that Kant’s arguments in three of the four places where he explicitly distances himself from Berkeley are insufficient to their task because they attack only Berkeley’s empiricism rather than his immaterialism. Although a close reading of the Refutation of Idealism lies beyond the scope of this (...)
  43. Robinson on Berkeley: “Bad Faith” or Naive Idealism?Neil Levi & Michael P. Levine - 1992 - Idealistic Studies 22 (2):163-178.
  44. The Theological Orthodoxy of Berkeley’s Immaterialism.James S. Spiegel - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (2):216-235.
    Ever since George Berkeley first published Principles of Human Knowledge his metaphysics has been opposed by, among others, some Christian philosophers who allege that his ideas fly in the face of orthodox Christian belief. The irony is that Berkeley’s entire professional career is marked by an unwavering commitment to demonstrating the reasonableness of the Christian faith. In fact, Berkeley’s immaterialist metaphysical system can be seen as an apologetic device. In this paper, I inquire into the question whether Berkeley’s immaterialist metaphysics (...)
  45. A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley. [REVIEW]Dale Jacquette - 2011 - Faith and Philosophy 28 (4):468-472.
  46. Kant and Berkeley’s « Idealism ».Désirée Park - 1970 - Studi Internazionali Di Filosofia 2:3-10.
  47. Berkeley and the ‘Mighty Difficulty’: The Idealist Lesson of the Inverted Retinal Image.Gideon Yaffe - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1/2):485-510.
  48. Berkeley's Onotolgy and the Epistemology of Idealism.Robert Muehlmann - 1978 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):89-111.
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