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  1. Cognitive Penetration and Informational Encapsulation: Have We Been Failing the Module?Sam Clarke - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    Jerry Fodor deemed informational encapsulation ‘the essence’ of a system’s modularity and argued that human perceptual processing comprises modular systems, thus construed. Nowadays, his conclusion is widely challenged. Often, this is because experimental work is seen to somehow demonstrate the cognitive penetrability of perceptual processing, where this is assumed to conflict with the informational encapsulation of perceptual systems. Here, I deny the conflict, proposing that cognitive penetration need not have any straightforward bearing on (a) the conjecture that perceptual processing is (...)
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  2. Minority Reports: Consciousness and the Prefrontal Cortex.Matthias Michel & Jorge Morales - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (4):493-513.
    Whether the prefrontal cortex is part of the neural substrates of consciousness is currently debated. Against prefrontal theories of consciousness, many have argued that neural activity in the prefrontal cortex does not correlate with consciousness but with subjective reports. We defend prefrontal theories of consciousness against this argument. We surmise that the requirement for reports is not a satisfying explanation of the difference in neural activity between conscious and unconscious trials, and that prefrontal theories of consciousness come out of this (...)
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  3. I Think, Therefore I Am? Examining Conceptions of the Self, Soul, and Mind.Stephanie M. Anglin - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:105-116.
  4. Rivalry: A Geisha’s Tale.Thorsten Botz-Bornstein - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (3):385-386.
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  5. The Figure of “Rivalry” and Its Function in Kant's Ethics.Tatjana Schönwälder-Kuntze - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 355--384.
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  6. Detecting Olfactory Rivalry.Richard J. Stevenson & Mehmet K. Mahmut - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):504-516.
    Olfactory rivalry can occur when a binary mixture is sniffed repeatedly, with one percept dominating then the other. Experiment 1 demonstrated olfactory rivalry using several new techniques. Experiments 2 and 3 examined whether participants can notice rivalry. Participants received trials composed of odor pairs: either a mixture followed by the same mixture; or a pure odor followed by the same pure odor. On some trials participants judged whether the two stimuli were the same or different, to see if they could (...)
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  7. Binocular Rivalry and Stereopsis Revisited.Randolph Blake - 2012 - In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press.
  8. Vidal, Fernando. The Sciences of the Soul.Daniel N. Robinson - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):900-901.
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  9. The Immortalization Commission: Science and the Strange Quest to Cheat Death.John Gray - 2011 - Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
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  10. Soul and Mind, or the Path There and Back.Tomas Machula - 2011 - Filosoficky Casopis 59 (5):645-663.
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  11. Scene Congruency Biases Binocular Rivalry.Liad Mudrik, Leon Y. Deouell & Dominique Lamy - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):756-767.
    Contextual regularities, that is, objects’ tendency to appear with certain other objects, facilitate the processing of visual scenes and confer contextually incongruent objects with a special attentional status. This study was aimed at investigating the mechanisms underlying this attentional advantage using Binocular Rivalry . In two experiments, congruent and incongruent images were pitted against each other, yielding a version of BR in which two objects rival within a given scene. Incongruent objects predominated in awareness longer than congruent ones. This effect (...)
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  12. Symbolic Magnitude Modulates Perceptual Strength in Binocular Rivalry.Chris L. E. Paffen, Sarah Plukaard & Ryota Kanai - 2011 - Cognition 119 (3):468-475.
  13. Reid and Wells on Single and Double Vision.Giovanni B. Grandi - 2010 - Journal of Scottish Thought 3:143-163.
    In a recent article on Reid’s theory of single and double vision, James Van Cleve considers an argument against direct realism presented by Hume. Hume argues for the mind-dependent nature of the objects of our perception from the phenomenon of double vision. Reid does not address this particular argument, but Van Cleve considers possible answers Reid might have given to Hume. He finds fault with all these answers. Against Van Cleve, I argue that both appearances in double vision could be (...)
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  14. The Valley Way of the Soul. [REVIEW]Rachel Browne - 2009 - Philosophy Pathways 141.
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  15. The Influence of Anxiety on the Initial Selection of Emotional Faces Presented in Binocular Rivalry.Katie L. H. Gray, Wendy J. Adams & Matthew Garner - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):105-110.
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  16. Soul and its Becoming in the Transcendent Philosophy.Hossain Ashtari - 2008 - Transcendent Philosophy Journal 9:35-54.
    The reality of the soul, its levels and actions, and its relation to the body havealways been among the most important philosophical issues, andevidence for this may be found even in the most ancient philosophicaldeliberations of the Greeks and others.In the philosophical traditions of the Islamic world as well, serious attemptshave been made to present a “science of the soul” which is in accord with thespirit of Islamic philosophical sciences. In the Transcendent Philosophy, onthe other hand, a version of science (...)
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  17. Predictive Coding Explains Binocular Rivalry: An Epistemological Review.Jakob Hohwy, Andreas Roepstorff & Karl Friston - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):687-701.
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  18. Fixing Functionalism.Bruce Katz - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (3):87-118.
    Functionalism, which views consciousness as the product of the processing of stimuli by the brain, is perhaps the dominant view among researchers in the cognitive sciences and associated fields. However, as a workable scientific model of consciousness, it has been marred by a singular lack of tangible success, except at the broadest levels of explanation. This paper argues that this is not an accident, and that in its standard construal it is simply too unwieldy to assume the burden of full-fledged (...)
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  19. Soul.Robert Blackson (ed.) - 2007 - Reg Vardy Gallery in Partnership with Satellite Arts.
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  20. Mountains and Valleys: Binocular Rivalry and the Flow of Experience.Diego Cosmelli & Evan Thompson - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):623-641.
    Binocular rivalry provides a useful situation for studying the relation between the temporal flow of conscious experience and the temporal dynamics of neural activity. After proposing a phenomenological framework for understanding temporal aspects of consciousness, we review experimental research on multistable perception and binocular rivalry, singling out various methodological, theoretical, and empirical aspects of this research relevant to studying the flow of experience. We then review an experimental study from our group explicitly concerned with relating the temporal dynamics of rivalrous (...)
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  21. Tracking the Soul: With an Astrology of Consciousness.Joe Landwehr - 2007 - Ancient Tower Press.
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  22. Immortality Defended.John Leslie - 2007 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Might we be parts of a divine mind? Could anything like an afterlife make sense? Starting with a Platonic answer to why the world exists, _Immortality Defended_ suggests we could well be immortal in all of three separate ways. Tackles the fundamental questions posed by our very existence, among them, "why does the cosmos exist?", "is there a divine mind or God?", and "in what sense might we have afterlives?" Defends a belief in immortality, without the need for a religious (...)
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  23. Comment on “Mountains and Valleys: Binocular Rivalry and the Flow of Experience”☆.Pierre Livet - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):642-644.
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  24. The Godfather of Soul.Preston Jesse, Gray Kurt & M. Wegner Daniel - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):482-+.
    An important component of souls is the capacity for free will, as the origin of agency within an individual. Belief in souls arises in part from the experience of conscious will, a compelling feeling of personal causation that accompanies almost every action we take, and suggests that an immaterial self is in charge of the physical body.
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  25. Meg Phase Follows Conscious Perception During Binocular Rivalry Induced by Visual Stream Segregation.Ramesh Srinivasan & Sanja Petrovic - 2006 - Cerebral Cortex 16 (5):597-608.
  26. Neural Bases of Binocular Rivalry.Frank Tong, Ming Meng & Randolph Blake - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (11):502-511.
  27. I Nomi Comuni Dell'anima.Stefano Baratta & Flavio Ermini (eds.) - 2005 - Moretti & Vitali.
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  28. Increased Gamma-Band Synchrony Precedes Switching of Conscious Perceptual Objects in Binocular Rivalry.Sam M. Doesburg, Keiichi Kitajo & Lawrence M. Ward - 2005 - Neuroreport 16 (11):1139-1142.
  29. Eye-Specific Effects of Binocular Rivalry in the Human Lateral Geniculate Nucleus.J. D. Haynes, R. Deichmann & G. Rees - 2005 - Nature 438 (7069):496-9.
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  30. Predicting the Stream of Consciousness From Activity in Human Visual Cortex.John-Dylan Haynes & Geraint Rees - 2005 - Current Biology 15 (14):1301-7.
  31. Perceptual Alternation Induced by Visual Transients.Ryota Kanai, Farshad Moradi, Shinsuke Shimojo & Frans A. J. Verstraten - 2005 - Perception 34 (7):803-822.
    When our visual system is confronted with ambiguous stimuli, the perceptual interpretation spontaneously alternates between the competing incompatible interpretations. The timing of such perceptual alternations is highly stochastic and the underlying neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we show that perceptual alternations can be triggered by a transient stimulus presented nearby. The induction was tested for four types of bistable stimuli: structure-from-motion, binocular rivalry, Necker cube, and ambiguous apparent motion. While underlying mechanisms may vary among them, a transient flash induced (...)
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  32. A Binocular Rivalry Study of Motion Perception in the Human Brain.K. Moutoussis, G. A. Keliris, Z. Kourtzi & N. K. Logothetis - 2005 - Vision Research 45 (17):2231-43.
    The relationship between brain activity and conscious visual experience is central to our understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying perception. Binocular rivalry, where monocular stimuli compete for perceptual dominance, has been previously used to dissociate the constant stimulus from the varying percept. We report here fMRI results from humans experiencing binocular rivalry under a dichoptic stimulation paradigm that consisted of two drifting random dot patterns with different motion coherence. Each pattern had also a different color, which both enhanced rivalry and (...)
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  33. Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of the Visual System Revealed in Binocular Rivalry.Fumihiko Taya & Ken Mogi - 2005 - Neuroscience Letters 381 (1-2):63-68.
    From the evolutionary viewpoint, animals need to monitor the surrounding environment and capture salient features, such as motion, for survival. The visual system is highly developed for monitoring a wide area of visual field and capturing such salient features. In humans and primates, there is a wide binocular field, suggesting a necessity of integrating the images from the two eyes. Binocular rivalry [R. Blake, A neural theory of binocular rivalry, Psychol. Rev. 96 (1989) 145–167; R. Blake, N.K. Logothetis, Visual competition, (...)
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  34. Continuous Flash Suppression Reduces Negative Afterimages.Naotsugu Tsuchiya & Christof Koch - 2005 - Nature Neuroscience 8 (8):1096-1101.
    Illusions that produce perceptual suppression despite constant retinal input are used to manipulate visual consciousness. Here we report on a powerful variant of existing techniques, Continuous Flash Suppression. Distinct images flashed successively around 10 Hz into one eye reliably suppress an image presented to the other eye. Compared to binocular rivalry, the duration of perceptual suppression increased more than 10-fold. Using this tool we show that the strength of the negative afterimage of an adaptor was reduced by half when it (...)
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  35. Perceptual Consequences of Binocular Matching by Correlation: Effects of Disparity Waveform and Waveform Orientation.Sergei Gepshtein, H. F. Rose, M. S. Banks & M. S. Landy - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 39-39.
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  36. Induced Monocular Blur and Stereo Threshold Changes.G. Krumina, M. Ozolinsh & I. Lacis - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 92-92.
  37. Binocular Battles on Multiple Fronts.Sang-Hun Lee - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):148-151.
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  38. The Influence of Eye Movements on Stereopsis.V. Lyakhovetskii & E. P. Popechitelev - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 98-98.
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  39. Dichoptic Visual Masking Reveals That Early Binocular Neurons Exhibit Weak Interocular Suppression: Implications for Binocular Vision and Visual Awareness.Stephen L. Macknik & Susana Martinez-Conde - 2004 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16 (6):1049-1059.
  40. Brain & Belief: An Exploration of the Human Soul.John J. McGraw - 2004 - Aegis Press.
    In this intriguing book, the concept of the soul is thoroughly investigated.
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  41. Determinants of Visual Awareness Following Interruptions During Rivalry.Joel Pearson & Colin W. G. Clifford - 2004 - Journal of Vision 4 (3):196-202.
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  42. The Primate Optic Nerve by Prenatal Binocular Competition. Nature 305: 1 35-1 37.M. Verhage, As Mala, Jj Plomp, Ab Brussaard, Jh Heeroma, H. Vermeer, Rf Toonen, Re Hammer & Tk van - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. MIT Press.
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  43. Functional Relation Between Dominance Phase and Suppression Phase in Binocular Rivalry.S. Yoon & C. Chung - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 97-98.
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  44. Localisation and Identification of Illusory Surface with Binocular Stereopsis.D. Yoshino & M. Idesawa - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 81-81.
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  45. Furio Cerutti and Enno Rudolph (Eds), A Soul for Europe, Vol. 1: A Reader and A Soul for Europe, Vol. 2: An Essay Collection. [REVIEW]N. Doyle - 2003 - Thesis Eleven 72:127-131.
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  46. Measuring Subjective Visual Perception in the Nonhuman Primate.David A. Leopold, Alexander Maier & Nikos K. Logothetis - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):115-130.
    Understanding how activity in the brain leads to a subjective percept is of great interest to philosophers and neuroscientists alike. In the last years, neurophysiological experiments have approached this problem directly by measuring neural signals in animals as they experience well-defined visual percepts. Stimuli in these studies are often inherently ambiguous, and thus rely upon the subjective report, generally from trained monkeys, to provide a measure of perception. By correlating activity levels in the brain to this report, one can speculate (...)
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  47. Imagining the Soul: A History.Rosalie Osmond - 2003 - Sutton.
    Is there a ghost in the machine? Are we born trailing clouds of glory? Is there a part of us that will survive death? Is the soul reborn in different bodily forms? These and similar questions have occupied humankind since the dawn of consciousness. Rosalie Osmond's book explores the way the soul has been represented in different cultures and at different times, from ancient Egypt and Greece, through medieval Europe and into the 21st century. Basing her approach on historical sources, (...)
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  48. Ibn Al-Haytham on Binocular Vision: A Precursor of Physiological Optics: Dominique Raynaud.Dominique Raynaud - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):79-99.
    The modern physiological optics introduces the notions related to the conditions of fusion of binocular images by the concept of correspondence, due to Christiaan Huygens, and by an experiment attributed to Christoph Scheiner. The conceptualization of this experiment dates, in fact, back to Ptolemy and Ibn al-Haytham. The present paper surveys Ibn al-Haytham's knowledge about the mechanisms of binocular vision. The article subsequently explains why Ibn al-Haytham, a mathematician, but here an experimenter, did not give the circular figure of the (...)
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  49. Reactivity of Human Cortical Oscillations Reflecting Conscious Perception in Binocular Rivalry.T. Kobayashi & K. Kato - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 33--261.
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  50. No Matter, Never Mind.Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.) - 2002 - John Benjamins.
1 — 50 / 207