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4360 found
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  1. Origin of Life as a Probabilistic Event in the Universe.Dimitri Marques Abramov & Carlos Alberto Mourão-Junior - manuscript
    By means of a probabilistic mathematical model, we bring into discussion the origin of life as a stochastic process. We consider only the chance of information emergence in the proteome and genome under the ideal thermodynamic and chemical conditions. For a more realistic model, we used, as a parameter, the information amount in N. equitans genome, the simplest known nowadays, as the equivalent to the first living cell that could have emerged in primitive Earth. We estimated the probability of information (...)
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  2. Assessing Measures of Animal Welfare.Heather Browning -
    When making decisions about action to improve animal lives, it is important that we have accurate estimates of how much animals are suffering under different conditions. The current frameworks for making comparative estimates of suffering all fall along the lines of multiplying numbers of animals used by length of life and amount of suffering experienced. However, the numbers used to quantify suffering are usually generated through unreliable and subjective processes which make them unlikely to be correct. In this paper, I (...)
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  3. Human Ethology, Evolutionary Psychology, The Genders.Hartmut Karl Kaiser - manuscript
    Etologia: Evolução da Música, Rir, Chorar, Corar, Paralelos à Filosofia Friedrich Nietzsche, Pensamento Simbólico, Os Géneros .
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  4. A Live Wire : Machismo of a Distant Surface.Marvin E. Kirsh - manuscript
    The scientific study of socio-cultural phenomenon requires a translocation of topics elaborated from the social perspective of the individual to a rationally ordered rendition of processes suitable for comprehension from a scientific perspective. Scholarly curiosity seeded from exposure in the natural setting to economic, political, socio-cultural, evolutionary, processes dictates that study of the self, should be a science with a necessary place in the body of world literatures; yet it has proven difficult to find a perspective to contain discussions of (...)
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  5. Is It Really so Easy to Model Biological Evolution in Terms of Design-Free Cumulative Selection?Peter Punin - manuscript
    Abstract: Without directly taking sides in the design/anti-design debate, this paper defends the following position: the assertion that biological evolution “is” design-free presupposes the possibility to model biological evolution in a design-free way. Certainly, there are design-free models of evolution based on cumulative selection. But “to model” is a verb denoting “modeling” as the process leading to a model. So any modeling – trivially – needs “previous human design.” Nevertheless, contrary to other scientific activities which legitimately consider models while ignoring (...)
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  6. A Cell-Intrinsic Timer That Operates During Oligodendrocyte Development.Be Atrice Durand & Martin Raff - unknown - Bioessays 22:65.
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  7. In Grateful Recognition of Our Editorial Board and Guest Editors.Johan Bolhuis, Roberto Botelho, Graham Budd, Gustavo Caetano-Anolles, Piero Carninci, Kathy Cheah, Tal Dagan, Rob DeSalle, Michela Frye & Holly Goodson - unknown - Bioessays 35:1018-1019.
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  8. Hamamatsu Introduces the New ORCA-Flash4. 0 sCMOS Camera with High Sensitivity, High Resolution and Fast Readout.Hamamatsu Photonics Europe - unknown - Bioessays 34:437 - 441.
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  9. Prospects & Overviews.Antonia Monteiro - unknown - Bioessays 34:181 - 186.
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  10. Insights & Perspectives.Hallam Stevens - unknown - Bioessays 34:103 - 105.
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  11. Window dressing inequalities and constructing women farmers as problematic—gender in Rwanda’s agriculture policy.Karolin Andersson, Katarina Pettersson & Johanna Bergman Lodin - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-17.
    Rwanda is often depicted as a success story by policy makers when it comes to issues of gender. In this paper, we show how the problem of gendered inequality in agriculture nevertheless is both marginalized and instrumentalized in Rwanda’s agriculture policy. Our in-depth analysis of 12 national policies is informed by Bacchi’s What’s the problem represented to be? approach. It attests that gendered inequality is largely left unproblematized as well as reduced to a problem of women’s low agricultural productivity. The (...)
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  12. Music and the Evolution of Embodied Cognition.Stephen Asma - forthcoming - In M. Clasen J. Carroll (ed.), Evolutionary Perspectives on Imaginative Culture. pp. pp 163-181.
    Music is a universal human activity. Its evolution and its value as a cognitive resource are starting to come into focus. This chapter endeavors to give readers a clearer sense of the adaptive aspects of music, as well as the underlying cognitive and neural structures. Special attention is given to the important emotional dimensions of music, and an evolutionary argument is made for thinking of music as a prelinguistic embodied form of cognition—a form that is still available to us as (...)
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  13. Genome-edited versus genetically-modified tomatoes: an experiment on people’s perceptions and acceptance of food biotechnology in the UK and Switzerland.Angela Bearth, Gulbanu Kaptan & Sabrina Heike Kessler - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-15.
    Biotechnology might contribute to solving food safety and security challenges. However, gene technology has been under public scrutiny, linked to the framing of the media and public discourse. The study aims to investigate people’s perceptions and acceptance of food biotechnology with focus on transgenic genetic modification versus genome editing. An online experiment was conducted with participants from the United Kingdom and Switzerland. The participants were presented with the topic of food biotechnology and more specifically with experimentally varied vignettes on transgenic (...)
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  14. Medical economic vulnerability: a next step in expanding the farm resilience scholarship.Florence A. Becot & Shoshanah M. Inwood - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-20.
    In recent years, the long-standing questions of why, how, and which farm families continue farming in the face of ongoing changes have increasingly been studied through the resilience lens. While this body of work is providing updated and novel insights, two limitations, a focus on macro-level challenges faced by the farm operation and a mismatch between the scale of challenges and resilience measures, likely limit our understanding of the factors at play. We use the example of medical economic vulnerability, a (...)
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  15. Community financing for sustainable food and farming: a proximity perspective.Gerlinde Behrendt, Sarah Peter, Simone Sterly & Anna Maria Häring - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-13.
    An increasing number of small and medium-sized enterprises in the German organic agri-food sector involves citizens through different community financing models. While such models provide alternative funding sources as well as marketing opportunities to SMEs, they allow private investors to combine their financial and ethical concerns by directly supporting the development of a more sustainable food system. Due to the low level of financial intermediation, community financing is characterized by close relations between investors and investees. Against this background, we apply (...)
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  16. Understanding the pathways to women’s empowerment in Northern Ghana and the relationship with small-scale irrigation.Elizabeth Bryan & Elisabeth Garner - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-16.
    Women’s empowerment is often an important goal of development interventions. This paper explores local perceptions of empowerment in the Upper East Region of Ghana and the pathways through which small-scale irrigation intervention targeted to men and women farmers contributes to women’s empowerment. Using qualitative data collected with 144 farmers and traders through 28 individual interviews and 16 focus group discussions, this paper innovates a framework to integrate the linkages between small-scale irrigation and three dimensions of women’s empowerment: resources, agency, and (...)
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  17. A New Method for Analysis of Heart Rate Variability, Asymmetry and BRS. Part I .Elio Conte - forthcoming - International Journal of Research and Review in Applied Sciences.
    : In the present paper we give a new method for estimation and quantification of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) in the VLF,LF,HF bands using the basic concept of variability previously introduced. The method enables to quantify ANS modulation of R-R intervals. In the subsequent paper we will give detailed exposition of the performed and confirming experiments.
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  18. Liberation extension: building capacities for civilizational transition.Nicholas Copeland - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-12.
    COVID 19 has exacerbated and underscored structural inequalities and endemic vulnerabilities in food, economic, and social systems, compounding concerns about environmental sustainability and racial and economic justice. Convergent crises have amplified a growing chorus of voices and movements calling for new thinking and new practices to adapt to these shifts, mitigate their impact, and address their root causes through far reaching changes in social and economic life and values, including breaking with the free market paradigm. In the face of a (...)
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  19. Sustainability assessment of short food supply chains (SFSC): developing and testing a rapid assessment tool in one African and three European city regions.Alexandra Doernberg, Annette Piorr, Ingo Zasada, Dirk Wascher & Ulrich Schmutz - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-20.
    Recent literature demonstrates the contribution of short food supply chains to regional economies and sustainable food systems, and acknowledges their role as drivers for sustainable development. Moreover, different types of SFSC have been supported by urban food policies over the few last years and actors from the food chain became part of new institutional settings for urban food policies. However, evidence from the sustainability impact assessment of these SFSC in urban contexts is limited. Our paper presents an approach for the (...)
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  20. Agroecology from the ground up: a critical analysis of sustainable soil management in the highlands of Guatemala.Nathan Einbinder, Helda Morales, Mateo Mier Y. Terán Giménez Cacho, Bruce G. Ferguson, Miriam Aldasoro & Ronald Nigh - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-18.
    A persistent problem in the dominant agricultural development model is the imposition of technologies without regard to local processes and cultures. Even with the recent shift towards sustainability and agroecology, initiatives continue to overlook local knowledge. In this article we provide analysis of agroecological soil management in the Maya-Achi territory of Guatemala. The Achí, subject to five decades of interventions and development, present an interesting case study for assessing the complementarities and tensions between traditional, generally preventative practices and external initiatives (...)
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  21. Explaining Experience In Nature: The Foundations Of Logic And Apprehension.Steven Ericsson-Zenith - forthcoming - Institute for Advanced Science & Engineering.
    At its core this book is concerned with logic and computation with respect to the mathematical characterization of sentient biophysical structure and its behavior. -/- Three related theories are presented: The first of these provides an explanation of how sentient individuals come to be in the world. The second describes how these individuals operate. And the third proposes a method for reasoning about the behavior of individuals in groups. -/- These theories are based upon a new explanation of experience in (...)
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  22. Landownership and power: reorienting land tenure theory.Ennea Fairchild & Peggy Petrzelka - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-10.
    Historically, land tenure theory tends to present the relationships between agricultural landowners and their renter as either a dominant renter-subordinate landlord relationship where the renter holds the power in decision-making on the land, or a dominant landlord-subordinate renter relationship where the landlord maintains the power over decisions on the land. However, these relationships are much more complex and nuanced, as more recent studies have begun to emphasize. In our study, we contribute to this evolving re-orientation in land tenure theory by (...)
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  23. Overlooked Evidence for Semantic Compositionality and Signal Reduction in Wild Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes).Petar Gabrić - forthcoming - Animal Cognition.
    Recent discoveries of semantic compositionality in Japanese tits have enlivened the discussions on the presence of this phenomenon in wild animal communication. Data on semantic compositionality in wild apes are lacking, even though language experiments with captive apes have demonstrated they are capable of semantic compositionality. In this paper, I revisit the study by Boesch (Hum. Evol. 6:81–89, 1991) who investigated drumming sequences by an alpha male in a chimpanzee (_Pan troglodytes_) community in the Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. A (...)
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  24. Enhancing Student Understanding of Color Perception: A Teaching Activity on Intersubjective Color Variations.Dimitria Electra Gatzia, Richard Einsporn & Rex Ramsier - forthcoming - American Biology Teacher.
    Abstract: -/- We present a teaching activity, whose aim is to enhance students’ understanding of color perception by introducing them to intersubjective color variations among normal perceivers. The approach can be used in different disciplines, including biology, philosophy, psychology, physics, or statistics, for different purposes and with college students having various levels of sophistication and scientific training.
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  25. “Shock Tactics”, Ethics, and Fear. An Academic and Personal Perspective on the Case Against ECT.Tania Gergel - forthcoming - British Journal of Psychiatry.
    Despite extensive evidence for its effectiveness, ECT remains the subject of fierce opposition from those contesting its benefits and claiming extreme harms. Alongside some reflections on my experiences of this treatment, I examine the case against ECT, and find that it appears to rest primarily on unsubstantiated claims about major ethical violations, rather than clinical factors such as effectiveness and risk.
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  26. Producer organizations as transition intermediaries? Insights from organic and conventional vegetable systems in Uruguay.Annemarie Groot-Kormelinck, Jos Bijman, Jacques Trienekens & Laurens Klerkx - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-24.
    Increased pressures on agri-food systems have indicated the importance of intermediaries to facilitate sustainability transitions. While producer organizations are acknowledged as intermediaries between individual producers and other food system actors, their role as sustainability transition intermediaries remains understudied. This paper explores the potential of producer organizations as transition intermediaries to support producers in their needs to adopt sustainable production practices. Ten cases of producer organizations in conventional and organic vegetable systems in Uruguay were studied qualitatively. Findings show that the classic (...)
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  27. Pedagogies for seed sovereignty in Colombia: epistemic, territorial, and gendered dimensions.Nathalia Hernández Vidal - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-13.
    In this article, I examine the pedagogical practices of La Red de Semillas Libres de Colombia, a grassroots national organization that works towards the construction of seed sovereignty. Using participant observation and interviews, I show the epistemic, territorial, and gender dimensions of these practices. I draw from extant scholarship on seed struggles, decolonial feminism, and feminist political ecology to analyze two specific practices: experimentation and demonstration and, visual technology creation, including drawings. I demonstrate how these practices organize territories through collective (...)
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  28. Means and ways of engaging, communicating and preserving local soil knowledge of smallholder farmers in Central Vietnam.Ha T. N. Huynh, Lisa A. Lobry de Bruyn, Oliver G. G. Knox & Hoa T. T. Hoang - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-24.
    Increasing interest in farmers’ local soil knowledge and soil management practice as a way to promote sustainable agriculture and soil conservation needs a reliable means to connect to it. This study sought to examine if Visual Soil Assessment and farmer workshops were suitable means to engage, communicate and preserve farmers’ LSK in two mountainous communes of Central Vietnam. Twenty-four farmers with reasonable or comprehensive LSK from previously studied communes were selected for the efficacy of VSA and farmer workshops for integrating (...)
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  29. Discovering Patterns: On the Norms of Mechanistic Inquiry.Lena Kästner & Philipp Haueis - forthcoming - Erkenntnis 3:1-26.
    What kinds of norms constrain mechanistic discovery and explanation? In the mechanistic literature, the norms for good explanations are directly derived from answers to the metaphysical question of what explanations are. Prominent mechanistic accounts thus emphasize either ontic or epistemic norms. Still, mechanistic philosophers on both sides agree that there is no sharp distinction between the processes of discovery and explanation. Thus, it seems reasonable to expect that ontic and epistemic accounts of explanation will be accompanied by ontic and epistemic (...)
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  30. Unifying the Essential Concepts of Biological Networks: Biological Insights and Philosophical Foundations.Daniel Kostic, Claus Hilgetag & Marc Tittgemeyer - forthcoming - Oxford, UK: Royal Society.
    Over the last two decades, network-focused approaches have become highly popular in diverse fields of biology, including neuroscience, ecology, molecular biology and genetics. While the network approach continues to grow very rapidly, some of its conceptual and methodological aspects still require a programmatic foundation. This challenge particularly concerns the question of whether a generalized account of explanatory, organisational and descriptive levels of networks can be applied universally across biological sciences. Consequently, the central focus of this theme issue will be on (...)
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  31. Unifying the Essential Concepts of Biological Networks: Biological Insights and Philosophical Foundations.Daniel Kostic, Claus Hilgetag & Marc Tittgemeyer - forthcoming - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.
    Over the last decades, network-based approaches have become highly popular in diverse fields of biology, including neuroscience, ecology, molecular biology and genetics. While these approaches continue to grow very rapidly, some of their conceptual and methodological aspects still require a programmatic foundation. This challenge particularly concerns the question of whether a generalized account of explanatory, organisational and descriptive levels of networks can be applied universally across biological sciences. To this end, this highly interdisciplinary theme issue focuses on the definition, motivation (...)
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  32. Unifying the Essential Concepts of Biological Networks.Daniel Kostic, Claus Hilgetag & Marc Tittgemeyer (eds.) - forthcoming - Royal Society.
  33. Decolonizing agriculture in the United States: Centering the knowledges of women and people of color to support relational farming practices.Emma Layman & Nicole Civita - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-14.
    While the agricultural knowledges and practices of Black, Indigenous, and People of Color and women have shaped agriculture in the US, these knowledges have been colonized, exploited, and appropriated, cleaving space for the presently dominant white male agricultural narrative. Simultaneously, these knowledges and practices have been transformed to fit within a society that values individualism, production, efficiency, and profit. The authors use a decolonial Feminist Political Ecology framework to highlight the ways in which the knowledges of Indigenous, Black, and women (...)
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  34. Commons, global markets and small-scale family enterprises: the case of mezcal production in Oaxaca, Mexico.María G. Lira, James P. Robson & Daniel J. Klooster - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-16.
    Interactions with global markets offer development opportunities for Indigenous communities. They also place pressure on the natural resources that communities depend upon for their livelihood and, in many cases, their political and cultural autonomy. These markets often interact with family-based enterprises embedded within commons, with important implications for the social relationships and shared territorial resources that characterise such regimes. In this paper, we analyse the relationships that exist between commons, global markets, and small-scale family enterprises, using the case of mezcal (...)
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  35. Agroecological producers shortening food chains during Covid-19: opportunities and challenges in Costa Rica.Mary Little & Olivia Sylvester - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-8.
    The Covid-19 pandemic has compounded the global food insecurity crisis, disproportionately affecting the consumers, farmers, and food workers. The significant disruptions caused by Covid-19 have called international attention to food security and sparked conversations about how to better support food production and trade. Our paper contributes to a small but growing literature on the impacts and responses of agroecological farmers to Covid-19 in Costa Rica. Specifically, we interviewed 30 agroecological farmers about livelihood disruptions during Covid-19, the areas of food production (...)
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  36. From marginalized to miracle: critical bioregionalism, jungle farming and the move to millets in Karnataka, India.David Meek - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-13.
    Historically marginalized foods, which occupy the social periphery, and often function as a bulwark in times of hunger, are increasingly being rediscovered and revalued as niche commodities. From açaí to quinoa, the move from marginal to miracle is often tied to larger narratives surrounding sustainable development, resilience to climate change, and traditional foodways. This article analyses the recent move towards millet production and consumption in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. Focusing upon one of the grain’s chief proponents, I explore (...)
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  37. Relational values and management of plant resources in two communities in a highly biodiverse area in western Mexico.Sofía Monroy-Sais, Eduardo García-Frapolli, Alejandro Casas, Francisco Mora, Margaret Skutsch & Peter R. W. Gerritsen - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-14.
    In many cultures, interactions between humans and plants are rooted in what is called “relational values”—values that derive from relationships and entail reciprocity. In Mexico, biocultural diversity is mirrored in the knowledge and use of some 6500 plant species and the domestication of over 250 Mesoamerican native crop species. This research explores how different sets of values are attributed to plants and how these influence management strategies to maintain plant resources in wild and anthropogenic environments. We ran workshops in two (...)
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  38. The contestations of diversity, culture and commercialization: why tissue culture technology alone cannot solve the banana Xanthomonas wilt problem in central Uganda.Lucy Mulugo, Paul Kibwika, Florence Birungi Kyazze, Aman Omondi Bonaventure & Enoch Kikulwe - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-18.
    Several initiatives by the Government of Uganda, Research Institutes and CGIAR centers have promoted the use of tissue culture banana technology as an effective means of providing clean planting material to reduce the spread of Banana Xanthomonas wilt but its uptake is still low. We examine factors that constrain uptake of tissue culture banana planting materials in central Uganda by considering the cultural context of banana cultivation. Data were collected using eight focus group discussions involving 64 banana farmers and 10 (...)
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  39. Bt cotton, pink bollworm, and the political economy of sociobiological obsolescence: insights from Telangana, India.Katharina Najork, Jonathan Friedrich & Markus Keck - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-20.
    After genetically engineered Bt cotton lost its effectiveness in central and southern Indian states, pink bollworm infestations have recently returned to farmers’ fields and have substantially shifted their vulnerability context. We conceive Bt cotton as a neoliberal technology that is built to protect farmers only temporarily from Lepidopteran pests while ultimately driving the further concentration of capital. Based on data from a representative survey of the three major cotton-producing districts of the state of Telangana, we find that pink bollworm pest (...)
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  40. The adoption problem is a matter of fit: tracing the travel of pruning practices from research to farm in Ghana’s cocoa sector.Faustina Obeng Adomaa, Sietze Vellema, Maja Slingerland & Richard Asare - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-15.
    Good Agricultural Practices are central to sustainability standards and certification programmes in the global cocoa chain. Pruning is one of the practices promoted in extension services associated with these sustainability efforts. Yet concerns exist about the low adoption rate of these GAPs by smallholder cocoa farmers in Ghana. A common approach to addressing this challenge is based on creating enabling conditions and offering appropriate incentives. We use the concepts of inscription and affordance to trace the vertically coordinated travel of recommended (...)
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  41. City networks’ power in global agri-food systems.Lena Partzsch, Jule Lümmen & Anne-Cathrine Löhr - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-13.
    Cities and local governments loom large on the sustainability agenda. Networks such as Fair Trade Towns International and the Organic Cities Network aim to bring about global policy change from below. Given the new enthusiasm for local approaches, it seems relevant to ask to what extent local groups exercise power and in what form. City networks present their members as “ethical places” exercising power with, rather than power over others. The article provides an empirical analysis of the power of FTT (...)
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  42. Agroecology in the North: Centering Indigenous food sovereignty and land stewardship in agriculture “frontiers”.Mindy Jewell Price, Alex Latta, Andrew Spring, Jennifer Temmer, Carla Johnston, Lloyd Chicot, Jessica Jumbo & Margaret Leishman - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-16.
    Warming temperatures in the circumpolar north have led to new discussions around climate-driven frontiers for agriculture. In this paper, we situate northern food systems in Canada within the corporate food regime and settler colonialism, and contend that an expansion of the conventional, industrial agriculture paradigm into the Canadian North would have significant socio-cultural and ecological consequences. We propose agroecology as an alternative framework uniquely accordant with northern contexts. In particular, we suggest that there are elements of agroecology that are already (...)
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  43. Work without workers: legal geographies of family farm exclusions from labour laws in Alberta, Canada.Emily Reid-Musson, Ellen MacEachen, Mary Beckie & Lars Hallström - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-12.
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  44. The Logic of Animal Intergroup Conflict: A Review.Hannes Rusch & Sergey Gavrilets - forthcoming - Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.
    We review the literature on various approaches to modeling animal intergroup conflict behavior in theoretical biology, highlight the intricacies emerging in the process of adding due biological realism to such models, and point out recent empirical findings that can inspire future theorizing.
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  45. “How do we measure justice?”: missions and metrics in urban agriculture.Sara Shostak - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-12.
    This paper offers a critical analysis of program evaluation in contemporary urban agriculture. Drawing on data from an exploratory study designed at the request of and in collaboration with urban agriculture practitioners in Massachusetts, it describes both their critiques of extant practices of program evaluation and their visions for alternative ways of telling the story of their work. Related, it explores practitioners’ interest in building capacity for policy advocacy, working collectively to create transformative social change, and, related, establishing new kinds (...)
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  46. Hitting the target and missing the point? On the risks of measuring women’s empowerment in agricultural development.Katie Tavenner & Todd A. Crane - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-9.
    There is a strong impetus in international agricultural development to close ‘gender gaps’ in agricultural productivity. The goal of empowering women is often framed as the solution to closing these gaps, stimulating the proliferation of new indicators and instruments for the targeting, measurement, and tracking of programmatic goals in research for agricultural development. Despite these advances, current measurements and indices remain too simplified in terms of unit and scope of analysis, as well as being fundamentally flawed in how they aim (...)
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  47. Understanding the challenges faced by Michigan’s family farmers: race/ethnicity and the impacts of a pandemic.Dorceta E. Taylor, Lina M. Farias, Lia M. Kahan, Julia Talamo, Alison Surdoval, Ember D. McCoy & Socorro M. Daupan - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-20.
    Michigan is a critical agricultural state, and small family farms are a crucial component of the state’s food sector. This paper examines how the race/ethnicity of the family farm owners/operators is related to farm characteristics, financing, and impacts of the pandemic. It compares 75 farms owned/operated solely by Whites and 15 with People of Color owners/operators. The essay examines how farmers finance their farm operations and the challenges they face doing so. The article also explores how the Coronavirus-19 pandemic affected (...)
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  48. Reflexive policies and the complex socio-ecological systems of the upland landscapes in Indonesia.Sacha Amaruzaman, Douglas K. Bardsley & Randy Stringer - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 39 (2):683-700.
    Well-intended natural resource policies that ignore the complexity of socio-ecological systems too often threaten local values and opportunities for sustainable development. Upland areas throughout Indonesia provide examples of complex socio-ecological systems experiencing rapid socio-economic and environmental transformations in response to interactions between development policies and local agendas. Broad natural resource policies influence socio-ecological systems in different ways. In some cases, there are converging national and local goals, while in others the goals of national policy conflict with local aspirations. This study (...)
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  49. Does direct farm marketing fulfill its promises? analyzing job satisfaction among direct-market farmers in Canada.Stevens Azima & Patrick Mundler - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 39 (2):791-807.
    Short food supply chains have become the focus of considerable research in the last two decades. However, studies so far remain highly localized, and claims about the economic and social advantages of such channels for farmers are not backed by large-scale empirical evidence. Using a web survey of 613 direct-market farmers across Canada, this article explores the potential economic and social benefits that farmers derive from participating in short food supply chains. We used multivariate analysis to test whether a farmer’s (...)
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  50. The agroecological transition in Senegal: transnational links and uneven empowerment.Sébastien Boillat, Raphaël Belmin & Patrick Bottazzi - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 39 (1):281-300.
    Senegal is among the few African countries that counts with an important agroecological movement. This movement is strongly backed up by a network of transnational partnerships and has recently matured into an advocacy coalition that promotes an agroecological transition at national scale. In this article, we investigate the role of transnational links on the empowerment potential of agroecology. Combining the multi-level perspective of socio-technical transitions and Bourdieu’s theory of practices, we conceptualize the agroecological network as a niche shaped by the (...)
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