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  1. No Country for Older People? Age and the Digital Divide.Ruth Abbey & Sarah Hyde - 2009 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 7 (4):225-242.
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  2. Organs for Auction.Virginia Abernethy - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (6):49-49.
  3. Social Work and the Safety Net.Marcia Abramson - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (4):19-23.
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  4. Fat Stigma and Public Health: A Theoretical Framework and Ethical Analysis.Desiree Abu-Odeh - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):247-265.
    This paper proposes a theoretical framework for understanding fat stigma and its impact on people’s well-being. It argues that stigma should never be used as a tool to achieve public health ends. Drawing on Bruce Link and Jo Phelan’s 2001 conceptualization of stigma as well as the works of Hilde Lindemann, Paul Benson, and Margaret Urban Walker on identity, positionality, and agency, this paper clarifies the mechanisms by which stigmatizing, oppressive conceptions of overweight and obesity damage identities and diminish moral (...)
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  5. Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement.Nicholas Agar - 2013 - Bradford.
    Proposals to make us smarter than the greatest geniuses or to add thousands of years to our life spans seem fit only for the spam folder or trash can. And yet this is what contemporary advocates of radical enhancement offer in all seriousness. They present a variety of technologies and therapies that will expand our capacities far beyond what is currently possible for human beings. In _Humanity's End,_ Nicholas Agar argues against radical enhancement, describing its destructive consequences. Agar examines the (...)
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  6. Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits.Nicholas Agar - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Nicholas Agar offers a more nuanced view of the transformative potential of genetic and cybernetic technologies, making a case for moderate human enhancement—improvements to attributes and abilities that do not significantly exceed what ...
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  7. There Is a Legitimate Place for Human Genetic Enhancement.Nicholas Agar - 2013 - In Arthur L. Caplan & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Bioethics. Wiley. pp. 25--343.
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  8. Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement.Nicholas Agar - 2010 - Bradford.
    Proposals to make us smarter than the greatest geniuses or to add thousands of years to our life spans seem fit only for the spam folder or trash can. And yet this is what contemporary advocates of radical enhancement offer in all seriousness. They present a variety of technologies and therapies that will expand our capacities far beyond what is currently possible for human beings. In _Humanity's End,_ Nicholas Agar argues against radical enhancement, describing its destructive consequences. Agar examines the (...)
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  9. Thoughts About Our Species’ Future: Themes From Humanity’s End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement.Nicholas Agar - 2010 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 21 (2):23-31.
    This paper summarizes a couple of the main arguments from my new book, Humanity’s End. In the book I argue against radical enhancement – the adjustment of human attributes and abilities to levels that greatly exceed what is currently possible for human beings. I’m curious to see what reaction this elicits in a journal whose readership includes some of radical enhancement’s most imaginative and committed advocates.
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  10. Questioning Engelhardt’s Assumptions in Bioethics and Secular Humanism.Shahram Ahmadi Nasab Emran - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):169-176.
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  11. Islamic Bioethics at the End of Life: Why Mukallaf Status Cannot Be the Criterion of Defining the Life That Should Be Saved.Shahram Ahmadi Nasab Emran - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):27-28.
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  12. ART and Age − Gender Stereotypes in Medical Students’ Views.Anna Alichniewicz & Monika Michałowska - 2015 - Diametros 45:71-81.
    It seems interesting to find out how the situation of the Polish ART practice is reflected in the medical students’ opinions. To answer this question we carried out a two-stage research adopting a data-driven methodology based upon the grounded theory, in which we collected a mixture of quantitative and qualitative data. Our study has revealed students’ high acceptance of IVF and most of the additional procedures, except for IVF in the case of women over 40 and postmenopausal ones. The students’ (...)
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  13. Why and How States Are Updating Their Public Health Laws.Susan M. Allan, Benjamin Mason Meier, Joan Miles, Gregg Underheim & Anne C. Haddix - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4_suppl):39-42.
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  14. Defining the Scope of Public Engagement: Examining the “Right Not to Know” in Public Health Genomics.Clarissa Allen, Karine Sénécal & Denise Avard - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):11-18.
    In this article, we explore the concept of a “right not to know” on a population rather than individual level. We argue that a population level “right not to know” is a useful concept for helping to define the appropriate boundaries of public engagement initiatives in the emerging public health genomics context.
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  15. Mind the Gap: Griffith University's Approach to the Governance of Ethical Conduct in Human Research.G. Allen - 2007 - Monash Bioethics Review 26 (1-2):57.
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  16. Medical Needs of the War Industry Areas.Lincoln Allen - 1944 - Science and Society 8 (1):28 - 39.
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  17. Can Science Fiction Be Useful to Reflect Upon Human Enhancement Issues?Sylvie Allouche - unknown
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  18. Mental Well-Being in Settings of ‘Complex Emergency’: An Overview.Astier M. Almedom & Derek Summerfield - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (4):381-388.
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  19. El Desafío de la Bioética: Textos de Bioética.Asunción Álvarez del Río & Paulina Rivero Weber (eds.) - 2009 - Fondo de Cultura Económica.
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  20. History page.Jorge Álvarez Vázquez - 2007 - Humanidades Médicas 7 (3).
    En la Universidad Médica “Carlos J. Finlay”, se realiza una intervención educativa con el objetivo de valorar la concepción y aplicación de un programa para un curso de preparación de metodólogos en correspondencia con sus funciones en condiciones de universalización de las Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, en el periodo de septiembre de 2005 a junio de 2007. Se emplean diferentes métodos investigativos: los teóricos, así como la técnica de discusión grupal, permitió diseñar el programa del curso para la preparación de (...)
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  21. Exempting All Minimal-Risk Research From IRB Review: Pruning or Poisoning the Regulatory Tree?Mahesh Ananth & Mike Scheessele - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (2):9-14.
    In a recent commentary, Kim and colleagues argued that minimal-risk research should be deregulated so that such studies do not require review by an institutional review board. They claim that regulation of minimal-risk studies provides no adequate counterbalancing good and instead leads to a costly human subjects oversight system. We argue that the counterbalancing good of regulating minimal-risk studies is that oversight exists to ensure that respect for persons and justice requirements are satisfied when they otherwise might not be.
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  22. Beginning the World Again: Metaphor in the Early Literature of AIDS.Chuck Anderson & Yvonne Oxford Hickey - forthcoming - Bioethics Forum.
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  23. Survey of Regional Medical Libraries Raises Important Issues.George J. Annas - 1975 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 3 (4):5-6.
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  24. Is Obesity a Public Health Problem?Jonny Anomaly - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (3):216-221.
    It is often claimed that there is an obesity epidemic in affluent countries, and that obesity is one of the most serious public health threats in the developed world. I will argue that obesity is not an 'epidemic' in any useful sense of the word, and that classifying it as a public health problem requires us to make fairly controversial moral and empirical assumptions. While evidence suggests that the prevalence of obesity is on the rise, and that obesity can lead (...)
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  25. Teaching Health Law: Teaching Law and Medicine on the Interdisciplinary Cutting Edge: Assisted Reproductive Technologies.Susan Apel - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):420-426.
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  26. Biomedical Research Funding: When the Game Gets Tough, Winners Start to Play.Giorgio A. Ascoli - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (9):933-936.
  27. Ethics and World Pictures in Kamm on Enhancement.Richard E. Ashcroft & Karen P. Gui - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):19 – 20.
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  28. Regulating Biomedical Enhancements in the Military.Richard Edmund Ashcroft - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):47 – 49.
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  29. Enhancement Technologies and the Person: An Islamic View.Shahid Athar - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (1):59-64.
    The availability of newer choices in contemporary bioethics, especially enhancement technologies, poses a challenge for Muslim patients and their care providers in making appropriate decisions. How should they reconcile personal autonomy with ethical guidelines of Islamic Shariah ? This article discusses such concerns.
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  30. Human Enhancement: An Interdisciplinary Inquiry.Simone Bateman, Jean Gayon, Sylvie Allouche, Jérôme Goffette & Michela Marzano - unknown
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  31. Design for Values in Agricultural Biotechnology.Henk Belt - unknown
    Agricultural biotechnology dates from the last two decades of the twentieth century. It involves the creation of plants and animals with new useful traits by inserting one or more genes taken from other species. New legal possibilities for patenting transgenic organisms and isolated genes have been provided to promote the development of this new technology. The applications of biotechnology raise a whole range of value issues, like consumer and farmer autonomy, respect for intellectual property, environmental sustainability, food security, social justice, (...)
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  32. AIDS and Sexual Morality.Piers Benn - 1992 - Philosophy Now 4:5-8.
  33. Enhanced Humans Versus "Normal People": Elusive Definitions.M. Bess - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6):641-655.
    A key aspect of transhumanist thought involves the modification or augmentation of human physical and mental capabilities—a form of intervention often encapsulated under the term "enhancement." This article provides an overview of the concept of enhancement, focusing on six major areas in which usages of the term become slippery and controversial: normal or species-typical functioning, therapeutics or healing, natural functioning, human nature, authenticity, and the ambiguity between "more" and "better." I argue that we need to be aware of the tendency (...)
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  34. Argumente für und wider das Cognitive Enhancement.Ferenc Biedermann - 2010 - Ethik in der Medizin 22 (4):317-329.
    Das Cognitive Enhancement, die Steigerung der geistigen Leistungsfähigkeit gesunder Menschen durch Psychopharmaka und andere Interventionen, ist in jüngster Zeit verstärkt in den Fokus sowohl der Ethik als auch der breiteren Öffentlichkeit geraten. In kontrafaktischer Abstrahierung vom gegenwärtig noch sehr bescheidenen Stand der Technik wird dabei unter anderem erörtert, was grundsätzlich für und was gegen den Einsatz von markant wirksamem Cognitive Enhancement sprechen würde. Der vorliegende Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über die einschlägige Diskussion. Zunächst wird der recht uneinheitlich verwendete Begriff des (...)
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  35. Synthetic Biology Does Not Need a Synthetic Bioethics: Give Me That Old Time (Libertarian) Ethics.Walter E. Block - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (1):33 - 36.
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 33-36, March 2012.
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  36. Ethical Issues in Human Enhancement.Nick Bostrom & Rebecca Roache - 2007 - In J. Ryberg, T. Petersen & C. Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 120--152.
    Human enhancement has emerged in recent years as a blossoming topic in applied ethics. With continuing advances in science and technology, people are beginning to realize that some of the basic parameters of the human condition might be changed in the future. One important way in which the human condition could be changed is through the enhancement of basic human capacities. If this becomes feasible within the lifespan of many people alive today, then it is important now to consider the (...)
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  37. Cultural Fault Lines in Healthcare: Reflections on Cultural Competency.Michael C. Brannigan - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    An invaluable work especially for professionals and students in health care, bioethics, humanities, cultural studies, and for the educated lay reader, this volume offers a critical reflection on cultural competence and awareness in health care, an arena where world views and values often collide.
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  38. Five Principles for the Regulation of Human Enhancement.Roger Brownsword - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (4):344-354.
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  39. Still Unconvinced, but Still Tentative: A Reply to DeGrazia.A. Buchanan - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):140-141.
    David DeGrazia's article provides a careful and fair rendition of my position on the possibility of post-persons. However, I am unconvinced that he has shown that such beings are possible. My view is based on two assumptions: (1) the concept of moral status is a threshold concept; and (2) the most plausible understanding of moral status as a threshold concept is a Kantian respect-based view, according to which all and only those beings who have the capacity to be accountable for (...)
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  40. Enhancement and Human Nature.A. Buchanan - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (3):141 - 50.
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  41. Better Than Human: The Promise and Perils of Biomedical Enhancement.Allen Buchanan - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Is it right to use biomedical technologies to make us better than well or even perhaps better than human? Should we view our biology as fixed or should we try to improve on it? College students are already taking cognitive enhancement drugs. The U.S. army is already working to develop drugs and technologies to produce "super soldiers." Scientists already know how to use genetic engineering techniques to enhance the strength and memories of mice and the application of such technologies to (...)
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  42. Biotechnology, Ethics, and the Structure of Agriculture.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):53-60.
    The “new” agricultural biotechnologies are presently high-priority items on the national research agenda. The promise of increased efficiency and productivity resulting from products and processes derived from biotech is thought to justify the commitment to R&D. Nevertheless, critics challenge the environmental safety as well as political-economic consequences of particular products of biotech, notably, ice-nucleating bacteria and the bovine growth hormone. In this paper the critics' arguments are analyzed in explicitly ethical terms, and assessed as to their relative merits. In some (...)
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  43. Partial Trajectory: The Story of the Altered Nuclear Transfer-Oocyte Assisted Reprogramming (ANT-OAR) Proposal.W. Malcolm Byrnes - 2007 - Linacre Quarterly 1 (74):50-59.
    This essay aims to tell the story of the “altered nuclear transfer-oocyte assisted reprogramming,” or ANT-OAR, proposal—from its conception by Professor William Hurlbut of the President’s Council on Bioethics—to its adoption and promotion by a group of conservative, mostly Catholic philosophers, theologians and scientists—to its eventual demise in Congress. It also will give some reflections on how ANT-OAR promotes a genetically deterministic view of the human organism and can lead down a slippery slope into a future in which human cloning (...)
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  44. Review of Challenging Nature: The Clash of Science and Spirituality at the New Frontiers of Life by Lee M. Silver. [REVIEW]W. Malcolm Byrnes - 2007 - Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion 11:248-253.
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  45. ANT-OAR Fails on All Counts: Method of Harvesting Stem Cells Riddled with Scientific and Ethical Flaws.W. Malcolm Byrnes & Jose Granados - 2006 - Science and Theology News (1):23-25.
    The altered nuclear transfer-oocyte assisted reprogramming (ANT-OAR) proposal has serious scientific and philosophical flaws, and it is not a morally acceptable means of obtaining embryonic stem cells. Note that this is the final preprint of an article that was published in the newspaper Science and Theology News in June 2006.
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  46. A Brief Critique of Two Claims About the Social Value of Biotechnological Enhancements.Benjamin J. Capps, Gordon Stirrat & Lisbeth Witthøfft Nielson - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (4):259-271.
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  47. Context, Existing Frameworks, and Practicality:Moving Forward with Synthetic Biology.Sarah R. Carter - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (S5):S46-S48.
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  48. Should We Enhance Animals?S. Chan - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (11):678-683.
    Much bioethical discussion has been devoted to the subject of human enhancement through various technological means such as genetic modification. Although many of the same technologies could be, indeed in many cases already have been, applied to non-human animals, there has been very little consideration of the concept of “animal enhancement”, at least not in those specific terms. This paper addresses the notion of animal enhancement and the ethical issues surrounding it. A definition of animal enhancement is proposed that provides (...)
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  49. Sustainable Human Well-Being: An Interpretation of Capability Enhancement From a 'Stakeholders and Systems' Perspective.Kanchan Chopra - 2008 - In Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.), Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement and Volume Ii: Society, Institutions, and Development. Oxford University Press.
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  50. The Elusive Line Between Enhancement and Therapy and its Effects on Health Care in the US.Laura Colleton - 2008 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 18 (1):70-78.
    Biotechnology now makes it possible to enhance human traits as well as treat illnesses and disorders. What it has neglected to establish, however, is a clear line between these two functions, a distinction between what counts as treatment or therapy and what counts as enhancement. The bulk of the literature on enhancements focuses on the ethics of enhancements, not on the criteria that qualify a procedure as an enhancement . While the ethical questions regarding the desirability of enhancements are certainly (...)
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