Biomedical Ethics

Edited by L. Syd M Johnson (SUNY Upstate Medical University)
Assistant editor: Tyler John (Longview Philanthropy)
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Subcategories:
History/traditions: Biomedical Ethics

86513 found
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  1. Global Bioethics in the Post-Coronavirus Era: A Discussion with Roberto Andorno.Roberto Andorno & George Boutlas - 2022 - Conatus 7 (1):185-200.
    A discussion with Roberto Andorno about global bioethics and biolaw, the Coronavirus pandemic, and its impact on human dignity and rights. Can we foresee the emerging new profile of global bioethics and biolaw in the post-Coronavirus era? How significant are they going to be in the future, after the enormous pressure that the Coronavirus pandemic has exercised on key political, legal, and ethical values? Must the voice of bioethicists -compared to the ‘hard’ scientific data- be louder in the future concerning (...)
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  2. Network Form of Teaching Bioethics.С.А Костенко & С.Н Власов - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):63-64.
    The digital educational environment makes it possible to widely implement the network form of education. The report gives an example of the exchange of lectures on bioethics between Rostov, Volgograd, Perm Medical Universities, Pushchino State Natural Science Institute. New opportunities are noted for students, masters and graduate students in familiarizing themselves with the ethical values of life. A proposal is put forward to conclude agreements between universities, as provided for by the Federal Law "On Education in the Russian Federation", on (...)
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  3. Reflections on the Ethics of the Patient.Г.С Табатадзе, О.В Костенко & В.Г Табатадзе - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):51-57.
    The article deals with one of the least studied moral and ethical problems – the behavior of the patient in relation to the doctor and medical staff. It is shown that the subjective moral and psychological qualities of the patient are of crucial importance. Such an important factor determining the patient's behavior as the motivations that guide him is analyzed. The moral and ethical qualities of the patient necessary for the harmonization of the patient-doctor relationship are highlighted. Long-term empirical observations (...)
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  4. Social Group "65 Plus": Pandemic's Ethical Dilemma.М.В Еремина & А.Д Доника - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):46-50.
    Background: The conditions of the emergency create an unprecedented, but legitimate approach, when the rights and freedoms of the individual can be limited in the public interest. From the first days of the pandemic, a special social group of the population began to stand out, with the code name "65+". Aim: to give an ethical assessment of the attitude of society to the population group "65+", to show the contradiction between medical and bioethical approaches to the criteria for selecting a (...)
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  5. The Principle of "Biological Diversity Through Biological Equity".Х.П Тирас - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):33-39.
    The modern practice of biological research required the formation of a new ethics of biology, which became a synthesis of observation and experiment. The article considers the ethical aspects of modern biology from the point of view of criticism of the anthropocentric approach. A position has been put forward on the lifetime of a modern biological group as the main criterion for its place and role in the evolution of living things. The consequence of this is the need to form (...)
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  6. The Fate of Medical and Humanitarian Education in Russia.В.И Моисеев & О.Н Моисеева - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):24-32.
    The article points to various alarming tendencies of dehumanization of modern medical education in Russia and in the world. Apart from economical and political solutions, the article suggests to address the most fundamental reason for negative attitude to humanitarian subjects in modern biomedical education – the struggle between reductionist and holistic worldviews. While modern biomedicine is increasingly dominated by an increasingly rigid reductionism, which reduces living things to non-living things at the level of atoms and molecules, humanities knowledge is organically (...)
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  7. Bioethics as Deconstruction.К. С Смирнов - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):19-23.
    The paradoxical perspective of bioethics supposing its explication as deconstruction is analysed in the article. The evolution of the program of deconstruction and its unexpected convergence with bioethical discourse is traced. Moreover, this discourse as itself can be considered as deconstruction of ethical thought. Bioethics in this case comes out as radicalization of ethics. Such kind of radicalization is necessary versus logocentric pressure and imposed consideration of human from the standpoint of so-called life sciences. Radicalization of ethics reveals insolvency of (...)
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  8. Healing is an Active Merci and the Foundation of Solidarity. Discussion About the Past and Future of Bioethics Dedicated to the 75th Anniversary of Pavel Dmitrievich Tishchenko.П.Д Тищенко, Н. Н Седова & К.А Петров - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):6-18.
    Pavel Dmitrievich Tishchenko, one of the founders of Russian bioethics, turned 75 on January 10, 2022. Joining the numerous congratulations, journal “Bioethics” publishes the text of the discussion dedicated to this event. The discussion was initiated by the question of the history of Russian bioethics formation in the perspective of its simultaneous emergence in Moscow, Volgograd, St. Petersburg, Kazan. The participants exchanged opinions on the significance of I.T. Frolov's ideas for the formation of the Moscow School of Bioethics. The influence (...)
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  9. Bioethics in an Era of Change: Unprotected Groups.Natalya N. Sedova - 2022 - Bioethics 15 (1):3-5.
    The article deals with such a phenomenon as the reorientation of bioethics in the era of change. Attention is focused on the fact that the COVID19 pandemic has exposed new problems in practical medicine. Special attention should now be paid to the vulnerable groups that have been most affected by the pandemic – children and the elderly. At the same time, the author disagrees with the unification of gerontology and geriatrics into one, exclusively medical, scientific specialty in the list of (...)
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  10. Postgraduate Nursing Students’ Experiences of Practicing Ethical Communication.Catarina Fischer Grönlund & Margareta Brännström - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973302211099.
    Background Ethics communication has been described as a pedagogical form, promoting development of ethical competence among nursing students. The ‘one to five method’ was developed by this research group as a tool for facilitating ethical communication in groups among healthcare professionals but has not yet been evaluated. Aim To explore post-graduate nursing students’ experiences of practicing ethical communication in groups Research design The study design is qualitative. Participants and research context The study comprised 12 nursing students on a post-graduate course (...)
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  11. A Tool for the Consensual Analysis of Decision-Making Scenarios.Geoffrey Hunt, Christine Merzeder & Iren Bischofberger - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (3):359-375.
    The authors believe there is a need for novel ways of enhancing professional judgment and discretion in the contemporary healthcare environment. The objective is to provide a framework to guide a discursive analysis of an ongoing clinical scenario by a small group of healthcare professionals to achieve consensual understanding in the decision-making necessary to resolve specific healthcare inadequacies and promote organisational learning. REPVAD is an acronym for the framework’s five decision-making dimensions of reasoning, evidence, procedures, values, attitudes and defences. The (...)
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  12. Aprendiendo de La Vida (Learning From Life): Development of a Radionovela to Promote Preventive Health Care Utilization Among Indigenous Farmworkers From Mexico Living in California.Annette E. Maxwell, Sandra Young, Norma Gomez, Khoa Tran, L. Cindy Chang, Elisabeth Nails, David Gere & Roshan Bastani - 2021 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):365-376.
    Mixtecs and Zapotecs, originating from the Oaxaca area in Mexico, are among the largest indigenous groups of workers in California. Many adults in this community only access the health care system when sick and as a last resort. This article describes the development of a radionovela to inform the community about the importance of preventive health care. It was developed following the Sabido Method. The methodology to develop a radionovela may be of interest to other public health practitioners who want (...)
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  13. Proposing Abolition Theory for Carceral Medical Education.Joseph David DiZoglio & Kate Telma - 2021 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):335-342.
    Medical schools, like all institutions, are conservative since they seek to maintain and expand on their accomplishments. Stakes are high in carceral medicine given the risks of replicating the inhumane social conditions that exist within prisons and allow prisons to exist. Given the increasing number of partnerships between state and municipal carceral systems with academic medical centers, medical schools must consider which guiding theory they will use to teach carceral medicine. The interdisciplinary theory of prison abolition is best fit for (...)
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  14. Reflections on Research Ethics in a Public Health Emergency: Experiences of Brazilian Women Affected by Zika.Ilana Ambrogi, Luciana Brito & Sergio Rego - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
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  15. Is There a Human Right to Essential Health Care?Daniel M. Hausman - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
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  16. An Unethical Trial and the Politicization of the COVID‐19 Pandemic in Brazil: The Case of Prevent Senior.Fernando Hellmann & Núria Homedes - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
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  17. Dignity in Fragile Older Women Receiving Daily Municipality Care.Kari Kaldestad & Dagfinn Nåden - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973302211099.
    Background:Dignity is an important ideal in the nursing of older women who need municipal care. Dignity can be challenged when health is impaired by feeling grief and suffering associated with bodily changes and impaired functions. Aim and research questions:The study aimed to deepen the understanding of the meaning of dignity in the life of fragile older women who daily needed help from municipal care service. The research questions are: What is older women’s experience of dignity, and what is it not (...)
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  18. American Ignorance and the Discourse of Manageability Concerning the Care and Presentation of Black Hair.Amir R. A. Jaima - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):283-302.
    A culturally cultivated ignorance with regard to the care and presentation of tightly-curled hair pervades American society. This ignorance masquerades as a discourse of manageability, which supports institutional prohibitions of historically Black American hairstyles. In other words, rather than acknowledging our knowledge deficits, we attribute the medical and aesthetic consequences of our ignorance to the hair itself. The insidious implication is that the display of tightly curled hair is not a matter of taste but indicative of a lack of self-care. (...)
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  19. Community Narrative as a Borderlands Praxis: Anzaldúa’s Mestiza Consciousness as Explored in Cortez’s Sexile.Guneet Kaur - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):319-333.
    I apply Gloria Anzaldúa’s “borderlands theory” to Jamie Cortez’s Sexile, an HIV/AIDS prevention publication created as a first-person narrative of the journey of queer, trans activist Adela Vasquez who fled to the US from Cuba in 1980. I argue that Sexile is a borderlands text and operationalizes Anzaldúa’s mestiza consciousness at various levels— ranging from the essence of the text and what its existence represents to the literary techniques used in the telling of Adela’s narrative. In the first half of (...)
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  20. Medical Technologies Past and Present: How History Helps to Understand the Digital Era.Vanessa Rampton, Maria Böhmer & Anita Winkler - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):343-364.
    This article explores the relationship between medicine’s history and its digital present through the lens of the physician-patient relationship. Today the rhetoric surrounding the introduction of new technologies into medicine tends to emphasize that technologies are disturbing relationships, and that the doctor-patient bond reflects a more ‘human’ era of medicine that should be preserved. Using historical studies of pre-modern and modern Western European medicine, this article shows that patient-physician relationships have always been shaped by material cultures. We discuss three activities (...)
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  21. A Black and White History of Psychiatry in the United States.Jordan A. Conrad - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):247-266.
    Histories of psychiatry in the United States can shed light on current areas of need in mental health research and treatment. Often, however, these histories fail to represent accurately the distinct trajectories of psychiatric care among black and white populations, not only homogenizing the historical narrative but failing to account for current disparities in mental health care among these populations. The current paper explores two parallel histories of psychiatry in the United States and the way that these have come to (...)
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  22. Speaking with Frankenstein.Jayne Lewis & Johanna Shapiro - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):267-282.
    This collaborative essay experimentally applies the insights of Mary Shelley's 1818 gothic fantasy Frankenstein to clinical interactions between present-day physicians and the patients they, akin to Shelley's human protagonist, so often seem to bring to life. Because that process is frequently fraught with unspoken elements of ambivalence, disappointment, frustration, and failure, we find in Shelley's speculative fiction less a cautionary tale of overreach than a dynamic parable of the role that the unspoken, the invisible, and the unknown might play in (...)
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  23. From Maternal Impressions to Eugenics: Pregnancy and Inheritance in the Nineteenth-Century U.S.Karen Weingarten - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):303-317.
    This essay examines the theory of maternal impressions, the belief that a woman’s experiences or emotions during pregnancy could explain congenital disability or emotional/ behavior differences in her child and asks why this theory circulated as an explanation for disability seen at birth by both medical doctors and in literature for far longer than it did across the Atlantic. By presenting examples from nineteenth-century medical literature, popular fiction, maternal handbooks, and two canonical works of literature, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter (...)
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  24. Do I Look at You with Love?: Reimagining the Story of Dementia by Mark Freeman, Leiden and Boston: Brill Sense, 2021.Arthur W. Frank - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):379-382.
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  25. “It is Sometimes Soul-Destroying”: Doctors’ Reflections on Unemployment and Health in Thatcher’s Britain.Marjorie Levine-Clark - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):233-245.
    Through an analysis of two sets of writing in the British Medical Journal from the 1980s, this article explores relationships between unemployment and health. “Unemployment in My Practice,” published in 1981, was a series of nine short essays by general practitioners from across the United Kingdom. This was followed by “Occupationless Health” in 1985, made up of fourteen essays, composed by the assistant editor of the journal, Dr. Richard Smith. Both series demonstrate how deeply frustrating it was for doctors to (...)
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  26. Artificial Intelligence and Medical Humanities.Kirsten Ostherr - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):211-232.
    The use of artificial intelligence in healthcare has led to debates about the role of human clinicians in the increasingly technological contexts of medicine. Some researchers have argued that AI will augment the capacities of physicians and increase their availability to provide empathy and other uniquely human forms of care to their patients. The human vulnerabilities experienced in the healthcare context raise the stakes of new technologies such as AI, and the human dimensions of AI in healthcare have particular significance (...)
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  27. Correction to: Speculative Fiction and the Political Economy of Healthcare: Chang-Rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea.Phillip Barrish - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):209-209.
    Due to an editing error, this article was initially published with an incorrect title. The correct title is reflected above. The original article has been corrected.
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  28. Strange Blood. The Rise and Fall of Lamb Blood Transfusion in 19th Century Medicine and Beyond by Boel Berner, [Transcript]: Open Access, 2020.Ericka Johnson - 2021 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):377-378.
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  29. Six-Letter Words.Hannah Kay - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):383-384.
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  30. Correction To: Medical Students’ Efforts to Integrate and/or Reclaim Authentic Identity: Insights From a Mask-Making Exercise.Johanna Shapiro, Julie Youm, Michelle Heare, Anju Hurria, Gabriella Miotto, Bao-Nhan Nguyen, Tan Nguyen, Kevin Simonson & Atur Turakhia - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (2):207-207.
    The authors would like to correct a misspelling in the name of one of the authors due to a typographical error. The name should read Atur Turakhia, not Artur Turakhia. This does not change the conclusions or interpretations presented.
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  31. An Unethical Trial and the Politicization of the COVID‐19 Pandemic in Brazil: The Case of Prevent Senior.Fernando Hellmann & Núria Homedes - forthcoming - Wiley: Developing World Bioethics.
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  32. Reflections on Research Ethics in a Public Health Emergency: Experiences of Brazilian Women Affected by Zika.Ilana Ambrogi, Luciana Brito & Sergio Rego - forthcoming - Wiley: Developing World Bioethics.
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  33. Is There a Human Right to Essential Health Care?Daniel M. Hausman - forthcoming - Wiley: Developing World Bioethics.
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  34. Threats to the Dignity of COVID-19 Patients: A Qualititative Study.Farideh Namadi, Leyla Alilu, Masumeh Hemmati Maslakpak & Shima Yadegar Tirandaz - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973302211099.
    Background: Dignity is a fundamental concept that has been threatened by the COVID-19 pandemic. Several factors threaten the dignity of COVID-19 patients, whether in palliative care departments, medical or surgery wards, intensive care units, or long-term care facilities. This threat is exacerbated by the increasing number of affected patients, the high transmission of the virus and problems such as limited resources, shortage of workforce, and ineffective communication. Recognizing the threats and challenges that currently affect the patients’ dignity and managing them (...)
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  35. Paradoxes, Nurses’ Roles and Medical Assistance in Dying: A Grounded Theory.Maude Hébert & Myriam Asri - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973302211099.
    Background In June 2016, the Parliament of Canada passed federal legislation allowing eligible adults to request Medical Assistance in Dying. Since its implementation, there likely exists a degree of hesitancy among some healthcare providers due to the law being inconsistent with personal beliefs and values. It is imperative to explore how nurses in Quebec experience the shift from accompanying palliative clients through “a natural death” to participating in “a premeditated death.” Research question/aim/objectives This study aims to explore how Quebec nurses (...)
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  36. Virtue Ethics, Bioethics, and the Ownership of Biological Material.Barbro Björkman - 2008 - Dissertation, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm
    The overall aim of this thesis is to show how some ideas in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics can be interpreted and used as a productive way to approach a number of pressing issues in bioethics. Articles I-II introduce, and endorse, a social constructivist perspective on rights. It is investigated if the existence of property-like rights to biological material would include the moral right to commodification and even commercialisation. Articles III-V discuss similar questions and more specifically champion the application of an Aristotelian (...)
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  37. Bioethics in the Era of Artificial Intelligence.Fabio Alberto Garzón Diaz - 2022 - Revista Latinoamericana de Bioética 22 (1).
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  38. The Moral Authority of Consensus.Paul Walker & Terence Lovat - forthcoming - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy.
    Prompted by recent comments on the moral authority of dialogic consensus, we argue that consensus, specifically dialogic consensus, possesses a unique form of moral authority. Given our multicultural era and its plurality of values, we contend that traditional ethical frameworks or principles derived from them cannot be viewed substantively. Both philosophers and clinicians prioritize the need for a decision to be morally justifiable, and also for the decision to be action-guiding. We argue that, especially against the background of our pluralistic (...)
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  39. The Thailand Cave Rescue: General Anaesthesia in Unique Circumstances Presents Ethical Challenges for the Rescue Team.Mark A. Irwin - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):265-271.
    In 2018, the remarkable rescue of twelve young boys and their football coach trapped in a flooded cave in Thailand captured worldwide attention. The rescue required the boys to be dived out of the cave system while fully anaesthetized which presented unique practical and ethical challenges for the rescue team. Major departures from normal anaesthetic practice were required. Taking anaesthetized children underwater was unprecedented, complex, and dangerous. To do this underground in a flooded cave meant the risks were extreme. Using (...)
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  40. The Reasonableness Standard for Conscientious Objection in Healthcare.Massimo Reichlin - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):255-264.
    In complex, pluralistic societies, different views concerning the moral duties of healthcare professionals inevitably exist: according to some accounts, doctors can and should cooperate in performing abortion or physician-assisted suicide, while according to others they should always defend human life and protect their patients’ health. It is argued that the very plurality of responses presently given to questions such as these provides a liberal argument in favour of conscientious objection, as an attempt to deal with moral diversity by protecting both (...)
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  41. Professional Oversight of Emergency-Use Interventions and Monitoring Systems: Ethical Guidance From the Singapore Experience of COVID-19.Tamra Lysaght, Gerald Owen Schaefer, Teck Chuan Voo, Hwee Lin Wee & Roy Joseph - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):327-339.
    High degrees of uncertainty and a lack of effective therapeutic treatments have characterized the COVID-19 pandemic and the provision of drug products outside research settings has been controversial. International guidelines for providing patients with experimental interventions to treat infectious diseases outside of clinical trials exist but it is unclear if or how they should apply in settings where clinical trials and research are strongly regulated. We propose the Professional Oversight of Emergency-Use Interventions and Monitoring System as an alternative pathway based (...)
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  42. The Principle of the Primacy of the Human Subject and Minimal Risk in Non-Beneficial Paediatric Research.Joanna Różyńska - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):273-286.
    Non-beneficial paediatric research is vital to improving paediatric healthcare. Nevertheless, it is also ethically controversial. By definition, subjects of such studies are unable to give consent and they are exposed to risks only for the benefit of others, without obtaining any clinical benefits which could compensate those risks. This raises ethical concern that children participating in non-beneficial research are treated instrumentally; that they are reduced to mere instruments for the benefit of science and society. But this would make the research (...)
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  43. Addressing Suffering in Infants and Young Children Using the Concept of Suffering Pluralism.Amir M. Zayegh - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):203-212.
    Despite the central place of suffering in medical care, suffering in infants and nonverbal children remains poorly defined. There are epistemic problems in the detection and treatment of suffering in infants and normative problems in determining what is in their best interests. A lack of agreement on definitions of infant suffering leads to misunderstanding, mistrust, and even conflict amongst clinicians and parents. It also allows biases around intensive care and disability to affect medical decision-making on behalf of infants. In this (...)
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  44. HIV Testing Autonomy: The Importance of Relationship Factors in HIV Testing to People in Lusaka and Chongwe, Zambia.Kasoka Kasoka & Matthew Weait - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):239-254.
    In recent times, informed consent has been adopted worldwide as a cornerstone to ensure autonomy during HIV testing. However, there are still ongoing debates on whether the edifice on which informed consent requirements are grounded, that is, personal autonomy, is philosophically, morally, and practically sound, especially in countries where HIV is an epidemic and/or may have a different ontological perspective or lived reality. This study explores the views of participants from Zambia. In-depth and focus group discussions were conducted at various (...)
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  45. An Ethical Framework for Visitation of Inpatients Receiving Palliative Care in the COVID-19 Context.Bethany Russell, Leeroy William & Michael Chapman - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):191-202.
    Human connection is universally important, particularly in the context of serious illness and at the end of life. The presence of close family and friends has many benefits when death is close. Hospital visitation restrictions during the Coronavirus pandemic therefore warrant careful consideration to ensure equity, proportionality, and the minimization of harm. The Australian and New Zealand Society for Palliative Medicine COVID-19 Special Interest Group utilized the relevant ethical and public health principles, together with the existing disease outbreak literature and (...)
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  46. Enhancing Gender.Hazem Zohny, Brian D. Earp & Julian Savulescu - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):225-237.
    Transgender healthcare faces a dilemma. On the one hand, access to certain medical interventions, including hormone treatments or surgeries, where desired, may be beneficial or even vital for some gender dysphoric trans people. But on the other hand, access to medical interventions typically requires a diagnosis, which, in turn, seems to imply the existence of a pathological state—something that many transgender people reject as a false and stigmatizing characterization of their experience or identity. In this paper we argue that developments (...)
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  47. Correction to: Should Doctors Offer Biomarker Testing to Those Afraid to Develop Alzheimer’s Dementia?Marthe Smedinga, Eline M. Bunnik, Edo Richard & Maartje H. N. Schermer - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):299-299.
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  48. How Resistance Shapes Health and Well-Being.Ryan Essex - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):315-325.
    Resistance involves a range of actions such as disobedience, insubordination, misbehaviour, agitation, advocacy, subversion, and opposition. Action that occurs both publicly, privately, and day-to-day in the delivery of care, in discourse and knowledge. In this article I will demonstrate how resistance plays an important role in shaping health and well-being, for better and worse. To show how it can be largely productive and protective, I will argue that resistance intersects with health in at least two ways. First, it acts as (...)
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  49. Should Doctors Offer Biomarker Testing to Those Afraid to Develop Alzheimer’s Dementia?: Applying the Method of Reflective Equilibrium for a Clinical Dilemma.Marthe Smedinga, Eline M. Bunnik, Edo Richard & Maartje H. N. Schermer - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):287-297.
    An increasing number of people seek medical attention for mild cognitive symptoms at older age, worried that they might develop Alzheimer’s disease. Some clinical practice guidelines suggest offering biomarker testing in such cases, using a brain scan or a lumbar puncture, to improve diagnostic certainty about Alzheimer’s disease and enable an earlier diagnosis. Critics, on the other hand, point out that there is no effective Alzheimer treatment available and argue that biomarker tests lack clinical validity. The debate on the ethical (...)
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  50. Clinical Software and Bad Decisions: The “Practice Fusion” Settlement and Its Implications.Megan Prictor - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (2):187-190.
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