Brain Death

Edited by Craig Paterson (Complutense University of Madrid, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi University)
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  1. added 2019-01-11
    Death is a Biological Phenomenon.Don Marquis - 2018 - Diametros 55:20-26.
    John Lizza says that to define death well, we must go beyond biological considerations. Death is the absence of life in an entity that was once alive. Biology is the study of life. Therefore, the definition of death should not involve non-biological concerns.
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  2. added 2019-01-11
    A Biological Theory of Death: Characterization, Justification, and Implications.Michael Nair-Collins - 2018 - Diametros 55:27-43.
    John P. Lizza has long been a major figure in the scholarly literature on criteria for death. His searching and penetrating critiques of the dominant biological paradigm, and his defense of a theory of death of the person as a psychophysical entity, have both significantly advanced the literature. In this special issue, Lizza reinforces his critiques of a strictly biological approach. In my commentary, I take up Lizza’s challenge regarding a biological concept of death. He is certainly right to point (...)
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  3. added 2019-01-11
    What Does a Definition of Death Do?Laura Specker Sullivan - 2018 - Diametros 55:63-67.
    In his article, “Defining Death: Beyond Biology,” John Lizza argues in favor of a civil definition of death, according to which the potential for consciousness and social interaction marks us as the “kind of being that we are.” In this commentary, I critically discuss this approach to the bioethical debate on the definition of death. I question whether Lizza’s account is based on a full recognition of the “practical, moral, religious, philosophical, and cultural considerations” at play in this debate. I (...)
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  4. added 2019-01-11
    A Holistic Understanding of Death: Ontological and Medical Considerations.Doyen Nguyen - 2018 - Diametros 55:44-62.
    In the ongoing ‘brain death’ controversy, there has been a constant push for the use of the ‘higher brain’ formulation as the criterion for the determination of death on the grounds that brain-dead individuals are no longer human beings because of their irreversible loss of consciousness and mental functions. This essay demonstrates that such a position flows from a Lockean view of human persons. Compared to the ‘consciousness-related definition of death,’ the substance view is superior, especially because it provides a (...)
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  5. added 2018-12-03
    In Defense of Brain Death: Replies to Don Marquis, Michael Nair-Collins, Doyen Nguyen, and Laura Specker Sullivan.John P. Lizza - 2018 - Diametros 55:68-90.
    In this paper, I defend brain death as a criterion for determining death against objections raised by Don Marquis, Michael Nair-Collins, Doyen Nguyen, and Laura Specker Sullivan. I argue that any definition of death for beings like us relies on some sortal concept by which we are individuated and identified and that the choice of that concept in a practical context is not determined by strictly biological considerations but involves metaphysical, moral, social, and cultural considerations. This view supports acceptance of (...)
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  6. added 2018-11-26
    Śmierć mózgowa – zmiana w rozumieniu człowieka?Jacek Meller - 2018 - Diametros 56:151-156.
    Review of the book: Człowiek na granicy istnienia. Dyskusje o śmierci mózgowej i innych aspektach umierania, Grzegorz Hołub, Piotr Duchliński, Akademia Ignatianum w Krakowie, Wydawnictwo WAM, Kraków 2017.
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  7. added 2018-11-26
    Defining Death: Beyond Biology.John P. Lizza - 2018 - Diametros 55:1-19.
    The debate over whether brain death is death has focused on whether individuals who have sustained total brain failure have satisfied the biological definition of death as “the irreversible loss of the integration of the organism as a whole.” In this paper, I argue that what it means for an organism to be integrated “as a whole” is undefined and vague in the views of those who attempt to define death as the irreversible loss of the integration of the organism (...)
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  8. added 2018-11-22
    Problemy etyczne transplantologii. Perspektywa niedoboru narządów do przeszczepu.Piotr Grzegorz Nowak - 2014 - Diametros 42:150-177.
    The article provides a critical overview of the Polish bioethics literature concerning the shortage of organs for transplantation. Problems related to this issue bear, to a considerable degree, on the attempt to answer the question how to increase the number of organs available in ethically acceptable ways. Polish authors have focused, in this respect, on the analysis and assessment of two solutions: an opt out system of acquiring organs and a system that allows the aquisition of organs on a “free (...)
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  9. added 2017-06-03
    Natural Right to Grow and Die in the Form of Wholeness: A Philosophical Interpretation of the Ontological Status of Brain-Dead Children.Masahiro Morioka - 2010 - Diogenes 57 (3):103-116.
    In this paper, I would like to argue that brain-dead small children have a natural right not to be invaded by other people even if their organs can save the lives of other suffering patients. My basic idea is that growing human beings have the right to grow in the form of wholeness, and dying human beings also have the right to die in the form of wholeness; in other words, they have the right to be protected from outside invasion, (...)
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  10. added 2017-02-16
    Death of a Colleague, Byzantium, Leaving Beirut.Ian Campbell - 2006 - Literature & Aesthetics 16 (1):130.
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  11. added 2017-02-16
    On Defining Death: An Analytic Study of the Concept of Death in Philosophy and Medical Ethics.Douglas N. Walton - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):489-492.
    In this book, Douglas Walton examines the philosophical nature of two issues currently associated with medical ethics. In order to work towards an analysis of the concept of death that could function as a target towards which the medical criteria of death could be directed, he proposes the foundations for a theory free of logical contradictions, paradoxes, and other perplexities. This is the "superlimiting theory" which introduces the notion of a "possible person." The connection of these philosophical ideas with medico-legal (...)
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  12. added 2017-02-15
    An Obstructed Death and Medical Ethics [with Commentary].Roger Higgs - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
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  13. added 2017-02-15
    Being-Towards-Death and Owning One's Judgment.Denis McManus - unknown
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  14. added 2017-02-15
    Thanatological Pluralism and the Epistemic Openness of 'Death'.Marko Stamenkovic - unknown
    This article discusses the conceptual ambiguities in relation to the current definitions of ‘death’. It addresses the need for an essentially pluralistic approach that probes the limits of epistemic singularity and perceives death as an open concept. Despite the views dependent upon the irrevocable termination of existence, I assume the opposite: first, that there are manifold ways to respond philosophically to the issue, without giving priority to any sovereign or prescribed position; second, that the plurality of unequally convincing positions opens (...)
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  15. added 2017-02-15
    Beyond the Essence of Death.Brendan Leier - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):24-25.
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  16. added 2017-02-15
    Understanding Death in Custody: A Case for a Comprehensive Definition.Géraldine Ruiz, Tenzin Wangmo, Patrick Mutzenberg, Jessica Sinclair & Bernice Simone Elger - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):387-398.
    Prisoners sometimes die in prison, either due to natural illness, violence, suicide, or a result of imprisonment. The purpose of this study is to understand deaths in custody using qualitative methodology and to argue for a comprehensive definition of death in custody that acknowledges deaths related to the prison environment. Interviews were conducted with 33 experts, who primarily work as lawyers or forensic doctors with national and/or international organisations. Responses were coded and analysed qualitatively. Defining deaths in custody according to (...)
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  17. added 2017-02-15
    Preparing Well for Death.Kevin McGovern - 2013 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 18 (3):9.
    McGovern, Kevin How might we prepare well for death? And how might we help other people also to prepare well for death? Spiritual guide Henri Nouwen suggests that we should strive to recognise that we are children of God, brothers and sisters of one another, and parents of the generations to come. This article explores what he means.
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  18. added 2017-02-15
    The Death of Art.B. R. Sharma - 2006 - Upa.
    The Death of Art evaluates the philosopher Theodor W. Adorno's ideas on music, visual arts, and literature and their relevance to today's mass culture. This book is a comprehensive and clear overview of Adorno's cultural theories and their impact.
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  19. added 2017-02-15
    The Return of the Living Dead: Agency Lost and Found?Carmelo Aquilina & Hughes & C. Julian - 2005 - In Julian Hughes, Stephen Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
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  20. added 2017-02-15
    Death in the Clinic.David Barnard, Celia Berdes, James L. Bernat, Linda Emanuel, Robert Fogerty, Linda Ganzini, Elizabeth R. Goy, David J. Mayo, John Paris, Michael D. Schreiber, J. David Velleman & Mark R. Wicclair - 2005 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Death in the Clinic fills a gap in contemporary medical education by explicitly addressing the concrete clinical realities about death with which practitioners, patients, and their families continue to wrestle. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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  21. added 2017-02-15
    Death in Denmark: A Reply.Lamb David - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17.
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  22. added 2017-02-15
    New Jersey Declaration of Death Act 1991.Jersey New - 1991 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 1 (4):289.
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  23. added 2017-02-15
    Live Sperm, Dead Bodies.C. M. Rothman & J. W. Ross - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (1):33.
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  24. added 2017-02-15
    Case Studies: Live Sperm, Dead Bodies.Kathleen Nolan, Cappy Miles Rothman & Judith Wilson Ross - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (1):33.
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  25. added 2017-02-14
    Death: A Philosophical Inquiry.Paul Fairfield - 2014 - Routledge.
    From Nietzsche's pronouncement that "God is dead" to Camus' argument that suicide is the fundamental question of philosophy, the concept of death plays an important role in existential phenomenology, reaching from Kierkegaard to Heidegger and Marcel. This book explores the phenomenology of death and offers a unique way into the phenomenological tradition. Paul Fairfield examines the following key topics: the modern denial of death Heidegger's important concept of 'being-toward-death' and its centrality in phenomenological ideas, such as authenticity and existence the (...)
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  26. added 2017-02-14
    Wanted, Dead or Alive Reply.Franklin Miller & Robert Truog - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (3):6-6.
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  27. added 2017-02-14
    The War Continues. Commentary on the Sense of the World and Idea of Death.Marc Crepon - 2007 - Studia Phaenomenologica 7:395-408.
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  28. added 2017-02-14
    The Death of the Past, by JH Plumb.Paul E. Corcoran - 2005 - The European Legacy 10 (7):752-754.
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  29. added 2017-02-14
    Christine Overall, Aging, Death, and Human Longevity: A Philosophical Inquiry Reviewed By.K. Houle - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (6):428-430.
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  30. added 2017-02-14
    "Allow Natural Death": Not So Fast.Frank Chessa - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (5):4.
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  31. added 2017-02-14
    Culture of Death.Don Marquis - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (5):5.
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  32. added 2017-02-14
    Research Using Brain Dead and Nearly Dead Patients.J. Glover - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (3):7.
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  33. added 2017-02-14
    Bodies, Sex and Death.A. W. Frank - 1998 - Theory, Culture and Society 15 (3-4):417-425.
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  34. added 2017-02-14
    Ken Bryson, Flowers and Death Reviewed By.Michael Brannigan - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8 (12):469-472.
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  35. added 2017-02-14
    Karen Grandstrand Gervais, Redefining Death Reviewed By.Michael Lavin - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (12):492-494.
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  36. added 2017-02-14
    The Adaptable Brain During the Stress of the Life Cycle.Holger Hyden - 1979 - In Paul Hallberg (ed.), The Condition of Man: Proceedings of an International Symposium Held September 8-10, 1978 in Göteborg to Celebrate the 200th Anniversary of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Göteborg. Vetenskaps- O. Vitterhets-Samhället. pp. 171.
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  37. added 2017-02-14
    Death and Some Philosophies of Language.Edith Wyschogrod - 1978 - Philosophy Today 22 (4):255-265.
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  38. added 2017-02-13
    Invasive and Non-Invasive Neuromodulation in Movement Disorders.Maertens De Noordhout Alain - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  39. added 2017-02-13
    Recovery From Near Death Following Cerebral Anoxia.Ted L. Rothstein - 2004 - In C. Machado & D. E. Shewmon (eds.), Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 189--196.
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  40. added 2017-02-13
    Buddhism and Abortion in Contemporary Japan: Minrko K Iry~ and the Confrontation with Death.Bardwell SMm - 1988 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 15:I511.
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  41. added 2017-02-13
    Buddhism and Abortion in Contemporary Japan:" Mizuko Kuyō" and the Confrontation with Death.Bardwell Smith - 1988 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 15 (1):3-24.
  42. added 2017-02-12
    Brain Death, Souls, and Integrated Functioning: Reply to Verheijde and Potts.Stephen Napier - 2013 - Christian Bioethics 19 (1):25-39.
    Recently, Verheijde and Potts (2011) have called into question the whole-brain death (WBD) criterion and, in particular, have taken issue with my admittedly limited defense of WBD. I would like to thank Verheijde and Potts for their comments and for identifying key points in the debate that need further clarification and defense. This article is an attempt to provide such clarification and to focus on Verheijde and Potts’s key argument against me and other proponents of WBD. The structure of this (...)
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  43. added 2017-02-12
    Into the Jaws of Yama, Lord of Death: Buddhism, Bioethics, and Death (Review).Damien Keown - 2008 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 28:157-161.
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  44. added 2017-02-12
    Perspective: Death: Right or Duty?Richard D. Lamm - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):111-112.
    Too often, the limits of our language are the limits of our thinking. “If thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought,” warned George Orwell. How we label something too often controls how we think about it. We get particular concepts in our head and they are hard to change. They govern how we think and how we act. “Disease” and “death” used to be considered as “God's will,” and it took hundreds of years and no small number of martyrs (...)
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  45. added 2017-02-11
    Avoiding a “Death Panel” Redux.Nicole M. Piemonte & Laura Hermer - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (4):20-28.
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  46. added 2017-02-11
    Brain Death: Justifications and Critiques.Robert D. Truog & Franklin G. Miller - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (3):128-132.
    Controversies about the diagnosis and meaning of brain death have existed as long as the concept itself. Here we review the historical development of brain death, and then evaluate the various attempts to justify the claim that patients who are diagnosed as brain dead can be considered dead for all legal and social purposes, and especially with regard to procuring their vital organs for transplantation. While we agree with most commentators that death should be defined as the loss of integration (...)
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  47. added 2017-02-11
    Ethics After God's Death and the Time of the Angels.Marianna Papastephanou - 2012 - Cosmos and History 8 (1):94-130.
    The philosophical idea of the death of God has had various semantic operations within dominant modern positions on human empowerment. Beginning with the significance of this, the article aims to discuss the half-life of a God who has become a metaphor. In other words, it explores the reverberation of God and God's death in secularized philosophy as well as theconsequences of this for ethics and the conception of the Good. Then, the article illustrates thecomplex connection of this aim with the (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-11
    Relatives of the Living Dead.J. Thompson - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (10):607-608.
    Death has a social meaning in every culture. It is not something that concerns only the person who dies, but also his or her family, friends and other people in the community. Most people have an idea of what counts as a good death—for the person concerned or for those who survive. Some people would prefer to die suddenly and painlessly, in their sleep if possible. But for many people, a good death is a process in which they gradually lose (...)
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  49. added 2017-02-11
    Death's Irreducible Unruliness.Ronald A. Carson - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (2):46-46.
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  50. added 2017-02-11
    The Indeterminacies of Death.Karen G. Gervais - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (5):45-45.
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1 — 50 / 513