19th Century Philosophy > 19th Century Austrian Philosophy > Franz Brentano > Brentano: Consciousness
Edited by Uriah Kriegel (Institut Jean Nicod)
|Summary||According to Brentano, all mental states are conscious, and relatedly, all are intentionally directed at themselves (in addition to being intentionally directed at distinct objects). Debates in the area often concern what Brentano's position exactly was and how it relates to contemporary self-representational theories of consciousness; they often also concern the plausibility of Brentano's position, often as compared to Husserl's.|
|Key works||Brentano's clearest exposition of his view on consciousness is in the second half of Chapter 2, and the whole of Chapter 3, of Book II of Brentano 1874. Relevant developments appear from his lecture notes of 1890-1, published posthumously as Brentano 1982/1995. Husserl critically discusses Brentano's views in the fifth investigation of Husserl 2000 Vol 2. In modern analytic philosophy of mind, Brentano's ideas were first prominently discussed by David Woodruff Smith in Smith 1986, and have been further developed by Uriah Kriegel, for instance in Kriegel 2003. In recent years, Mark Textor has developed a nuanced interpretation of Brentano on consciousness - see especially Textor 2006 and Textor 2013. A sustained Husserlian critique of these recent Brentanian developments is offered by Dan Zahavi, for example in Zahavi 2004.|
|Introductions||Brentano's own presentation of his take on consciousness is very lucid and still serves as the best introduction - see Chapters 2-3 of Book II of Brentano 1874. In a series of recent papers, Mark Textor offers a thorough exposition of Brentano's account - see especially Textor 2006 and Textor 2013.|
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