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Summary Brentano defends a highly unusual account of judgment in Brentano 1874. On this account, all propositions are reducible to existential propositions, and accordingly all judgments are existential. In fact, it has been argued that for Brentano judgment is not really a relation to a proposition, but to a worldly individual thing. This has important implications for logic, and for Brentano's account of truth - both topics also covered in this leaf category. It is important to note that Brentano uses the term "judgment" very widely, to cover every mental state with a mind-to-world direction of fit, including perceptual states. However, his account of what makes a mental state a judgment is not in terms of anything like a direction of fit.
Key works Brentano's original account of judgment appears in Chapter 7 of Book II of Brentano 1874. It is developed further in essays and lecture notes collected posthumously in Brentano 1930/1966. Brentano's student Meinong engages with it thoroughly in Meinong 1910/1983. The logical implications Brentano derived from his account of judgment were noted in the Anglo-sphere early on - see Land 1876. These were developed in some detail in the 70s and 80s by Terrel, Chisholm, and Simons - see especially Terrell 1978 and Simons 1987. For a more general nonpropositional interpretation of Brentano's account of judgment, see Chisholm 1976 and Kriegel 2018.
Introductions Good introductions to Brentano on judgment are provided in Parsons 2004 and Brandl 2008. An extremely lucid if somewhat fast-paced discussion of Brentano's account of judgment and its role in Brentano's epistemology is provided in Chapter 4 of Chisholm 1986. A more slow-paced discussion is in Kriegel 2018. These are only English-language discussions; it should be noted that the literature on this in German and French is enormous.
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  1. added 2020-06-01
    Allgemeinheit Und Existenz: Zur Analyse des Kategorischen Urteils Bei Herbart, Sigwart, Brentano Und Frege.Roger Schmit - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 23 (1):59-78.
    Die auf G. Frege zurückgehende logische Urteilslehre, die die universalen Aussagen im Sinne existenzfreier und die partikulären im Sinne existenzmitbehauptender Urteile deutet, hat ihren Ursprung in der nicht-mathematischen Logik des 19. Jahrhunderts. Bei J.F. Herbart findet sich die hypothetische Konzeption der Allaussage, die eine bedeutsame, Fregesche Gedankengänge antizipierende Verfeinerung durch Chr. Sigwart erfährt. Die genaue Struktur der partikulären Aussage bleibt vorerst noch im Dunkel. Erst F. Brentano gelingt es, die universalen wie die partikulären Aussagen in ihrer Eigenart herauszustellen. In dieser (...)
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  2. added 2018-11-12
    Satz Und Sachverhalt.Artur Rojszczak & Barry Smith - 2001 - Academia Verlag.
    The dominant theory of judgment in 1870 was one or other variety of combination theory: the act of judgment is an act of combining concepts or ideas in the mind of the judging subject. In the decades to follow a succession of alternative theories arose to address defects in the combination theory, starting with Bolzano’s theory of propositions in themselves, Brentano’s theory of judgment as affirmation or denial of existence, theories distinguishing judgment act from judgment content advanced by Brentano’s students (...)
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  3. added 2018-11-12
    Urteilstheorien Und Sachverhalte.Artur Rojszczak & Barry Smith - 2001 - In Satz Und Sachverhalt. Academia Verlag. pp. 9-72.
    The dominant theory of judgment in 1870 was one or other variety of combination theory: the act of judgment is an act of combining concepts or ideas in the mind of the judging subject. In the decades to follow a succession of alternative theories arose to address defects in the combination theory, starting with Bolzano’s theory of propositions in themselves, Brentano’s theory of judgment as affirmation or denial of existence, theories distinguishing judgment act from judgment content advanced by Brentano’s students (...)
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  4. added 2018-10-11
    Franz Brentano's Theory of Judgment : A Critique of Aristotle's Correspondence Theory of Truth.Evandro Oliveira de Brito - 2018 - Trans/Form/Ação 41 (3):39-56.
    : The purpose of this paper is to discuss the concept of truth formulated by Franz Brentano in 1889. As a textual basis, I take Brentano's communication, presented to the philosophical community of Vienna in March 1889, entitled "On the concept of truth", and I provide a systematic exposition of Brentano's analysis of the problems surrounding the interpretation of the Aristotelian concept of truth as correspondence. My analysis explains how Brentano reinter-preted the Aristotelian concept of truth as correspondence within the (...)
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  5. added 2018-09-03
    Franz Brentano's Phenomenological Transformation of Aristotle's Theory of Judgment.Biagio G. Tassone - 2011 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 42 (3):305-328.
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  6. added 2018-08-07
    O pojęciu prawdy.Franz Brentano - 1997 - Principia:0-0.
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  7. added 2018-08-07
    The German Text and Translation of "Sprechen Und Denken".Franz Brentano - 1965 - In J. Srzendinski (ed.), Franz Brentano's Analysis of Truth. Martinus Nijhoff. pp. 116-121.
  8. added 2018-05-14
    Towards a New Brentanian Theory of Judgment.Giuliano Bacigalupo - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (2):245-264.
    _ Source: _Volume 95, Issue 2, pp 245 - 264 In the last few decades, the interest in Brentano’s philosophical psychology, especially in his theory of judgment, has been steadily growing. What, however, has remained relatively unexplored are the modifications that have been introduced over the years into this theory by Brentano himself and by his student Anton Marty. These amendments constitute the focus of the present paper. As will be argued, only by making such changes can the weaknesses of (...)
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  9. added 2018-02-12
    Brentano's Philosophical System: Mind, Being, Value.Uriah Kriegel - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Uriah Kriegel presents a rich exploration of the philosophy of the great nineteenth-century thinker Franz Brentano. He locates Brentano at the crossroads where the Anglo-American and continental European philosophical traditions diverged. At the centre of this account of Brentano's philosophy is the connection between mind and reality. Kriegel aims to develop Brentano's central ideas where they are overly programmatic or do not take into account philosophical developments that have taken place since Brentano's death a century ago; and to offer a (...)
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  10. added 2017-12-25
    Consciousness of Judging: Katkov’s Critique of Marty’s State of Affairs and Brentano’s Description of Judgement.Hynek Janoušek - 2017 - In Hamid Taieb & Guillaume Fréchette (eds.), Mind and Language – on the Philosophy of Anton Marty. De Gruyter. pp. 241-260.
  11. added 2017-12-25
    Franz Brentano as a precursor of analytic philosophy.Boris Dombrovskiy - 2011 - Sententiae 25 (2):84-107.
    The paper considers F. Brentano’s judgement theory and its influence upon the develop-ment of analytical philosophy. It is asserted that this judgement theory in Brentano’s reistic ontology, using the notion of accidental extension, leads to the creation of the existence of things “by word”. Such an “art” becomes possible only when the “accidental extension” is treated as an aesthetic or ethic evaluation. Brentano owes the separation of a logical evalua-tion of “truth” to Descartes’ dualism. Judgement theory does not satisfy the (...)
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  12. added 2017-10-09
    Brentano's Mind.Mark Textor - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Mark Textor presents a critical study of the work of Franz Brentano, one of the most important thinkers of the nineteenth century. His work has influenced analytic philosophers like Russell as well as phenomenologists like Husserl and Sartre, and continues to shape debates in the philosophy of mind. Brentano made intentionality a central topic in the philosophy of mind by proposing that 'directedness' is the distinctive feature of the mental. The first part of the book investigates Brentano's intentionalism as well (...)
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  13. added 2017-09-30
    Le différend logique: jugement et énoncé eléments pour une reconstruction du débat entre Husserl et Marty.Claudio Majolino - 2003 - Studia Phaenomenologica 3 (1):135-149.
  14. added 2017-09-28
    F. Brentano, The True and the Evident, and J. Srzedinicki, Franz Brentano's Analysis of Truth. [REVIEW]Hugo Bergman - 1968 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (2):299-302.
  15. added 2017-09-28
    Jan Srzednicki , Franz Brentano’s Analysis of Truth. [REVIEW]Reinhard Kamitz - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (67):172-174.
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  16. added 2017-09-28
    F. Brentano, Versuch Über Die Erkenntnis. [REVIEW] Snz - 1925 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 5 (3):82-83.
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  17. added 2017-09-26
    Die Neuen Theorien der Kategorischen Schlüsse. [REVIEW]E. E. Constance Jones - 1892 - Mind 1 (2):276-281.
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  18. added 2017-09-26
    Die Neuen Theorien der Kategorischen Schluesse. Eine Logische Untersuchung.Franz Hillebrand - 1891 - Vienna: Holder.
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  19. added 2017-09-25
    Marty and Brentano.Laurent Cesalli & Kevin Mulligan - 2017 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 251-263.
    The Swiss philosopher Anton Marty (Schwyz, 1847 - Prague, 1914) belongs, with Carl Stumpf, to the first circle of Brentano’s pupils. Within Brentano’s school (and, to some extent, in the secondary literature), Marty has often been considered (in particular by Meinong) a kind of would-be epigone of his master (Fisette & Fréchette 2007: 61-2). There is no doubt that Brentano’s doctrine often provides Marty with his philosophical starting points. But Marty often arrives at original conclusions which are diametrically opposed to (...)
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  20. added 2017-09-11
    Franz Brentano, Über Ernst Machs 'Erkenntnis Und Irrtum'. Ed. Roderick M. Chisholm and Johann C. Marek. Studien Zur Österreichischen Philosophie; Bd. 6. [REVIEW]Rolf George - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (6):222-224.
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  21. added 2017-09-11
    Zwei Briefe von Edmund Husserl an Franz Brentano über Logik.Herbert Spiegelberg - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 6:1-7.
  22. added 2017-09-11
    J. Srzednicki, Franz Brentano's Analysis of Truth. [REVIEW]Reinhard Kamitz - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (67):172-174.
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  23. added 2017-03-17
    Was Brentano an Early Deflationist About Truth?Johannes Brandl - 2017 - The Monist 100 (1):1-14.
    It is often assumed that deflationist accounts of truth are a product of philosophy of logic and language in the twentieth century. In this paper I show why this assumption is historically short-sighted. An early version of deflationism about truth can already be found in Brentano’s 1889 lecture “On the Concept of Truth.” That Brentano is a precursor of deflationism has gone largely unnoticed because of a different reception of his lecture: according to most scholars, Brentano proposes in it a (...)
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  24. added 2017-03-17
    Brentano’s Knowledge, Austrian Verificationisms, and Epistemic Accounts of Truth and Value.Kevin Mulligan - 2017 - The Monist 100 (1):88-105.
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  25. added 2016-12-08
    Theories of Judgment: Psychology, Logic, Phenomenology.Wayne Martin - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The exercise of judgement is an aspect of human endeavour from our most mundane acts to our most momentous decisions. In this book Wayne Martin develops a historical survey of theoretical approaches to judgement, focusing on treatments of judgement in psychology, logic, phenomenology and painting. He traces attempts to develop theories of judgement in British Empiricism, the logical tradition stemming from Kant, nineteenth-century psychologism, experimental neuropsychology and the phenomenological tradition associated with Brentano, Husserl and Heidegger. His reconstruction of vibrant but (...)
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  26. added 2016-11-16
    L'intentionnalité cognitive et ses modes : Reinach critique de Brentano.Arnaud Dewalque - 2016 - Philosophie 128 (1):20-33.
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  27. added 2016-06-06
    Bewußtsein, Gegenstand, Sachverhalt. Eine Brentanostudie.Georg Katkov - 1930 - Archiv Für Die Gesamte Psychologie 75 (3-4):459-544.
  28. added 2016-04-27
    Fichte's Logical Legacy: Thetic Judgment From the Wissenschaftslehre to Brentano.Wayne M. Martin - 2010 - In .
  29. added 2016-04-12
    Brentano on Truth.Johannes Brandl - forthcoming - In U. Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School. Routledge.
    How to understand Brentano’s account of truth is a question of some controversy. A number of different views have been put forward as positions that Brentano held at some stage in his career. The received view has it that the early Brentano subscribed to a form of correspondence theory which he later rejected in favor of a definition of truth in terms of correct judging, where the correctness of a judgment is defined in terms of the notion of self-evidence (see (...)
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  30. added 2016-03-29
    Brentano on Judgment.Uriah Kriegel - 2017 - In U. Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 103-109.
    ‘Judgment’ is Brentano’s terms for any mental state liable to be true or false. This includes not only the products of conceptual thought, such as belief, but also perceptual experiences, such as seeing that the window was left open. ‘Every perception counts as a judgment,’ writes Brentano (1874: II, 50/1973a: 209). Accordingly, his theory of judgment is not exactly a theory of the same phenomenon we call today ‘judgment,’ but of a larger class of phenomena one (perhaps the main) species (...)
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  31. added 2016-03-10
    Rappresentare e giudicare. Sull’origine e il ruolo della dottrina degli oggetti intenzionali nella psicologia di F. Brentano.R. Martinelli - 1994 - Discipline Filosofiche.
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  32. added 2016-01-30
    Le moment normatif dans la philosophie austro-allemande.Guillaume Fréchette - 2015 - Philosophiques 42 (2):375-384.
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  33. added 2016-01-30
    Les couleurs, la phénoménologie et la grammaire.Denis Seron - 2015 - Philosophiques 42 (2):385-389.
    Wittgenstein et la philosophie austro-allemande , de Kevin Mulligan, ras - semble huit études dont l’ambition affichée est à la fois historique et philo - sophique. Leur intérêt n’est pas seulement de révéler, avec lucidité et profondeur, des accointances jusqu’ici quasiment inexplorées avec Brentano et ses héritiers proches ou lointains. La question est aussi de savoir quelles positions sont préférables là où elles divergent. Je voudrais d’abord discuter un détail historique qui me fait problème, sans être tout à fait sûr (...)
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  34. added 2015-11-29
    Das Seiende Als Wahre Und Das Sein der Kopula in der Dissertation Brentanos.Ion Tanaescu - 2012-13 - Brentano Studien 10:175–192.
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  35. added 2015-10-27
    The True and the Evident.Franz Brentano - 1930/1966 - Routledge.
    First published in English in1966, _The True and The Evident_ is a translation of Franz Brentano’s posthumous _Wahrheit und Evidenz_, edited by Oscsar Kraus. The book includes Brentano’s influential lecture "On the Concept of Truth", read before the Vienna Philosophical Society, a variety of essays, drawn from the immense wealth of Brentano’s unpublished material, and letters written by him to Marty, Kraus Hillebrand, and Husserl. Brentano rejects the familiar versions of the "correspondence theory of truth" and proposes to define the (...)
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  36. added 2015-08-10
    Jugement et existence chez Kant. Comment des jugements d’existence sont-ils possibles?Jocelyn Benoist - 2003 - Quaestio 3 (1):207-228.
  37. added 2015-06-20
    Versuch über die Erkenntnis.Franz Brentano - 1925 - Meiner.
  38. added 2015-04-11
    Kapitel 1. Franz brentanos evidenztheorie der wahrheit – eine kritische analyse.Josef Seifert - 2009 - In De Veritate - Über Die Wahrheit, Band 1+2, de Veritate - Über Die Wahrheit: 1: Wahrheit Und Person. 2: Der Streit Um Die Wahrheit. De Gruyter. pp. 63-126.
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  39. added 2015-04-11
    Brentano on the Doxastic Nature of Perceptual Experience.Mark Textor - 2007 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 10.
    Brentano, the founder of phenomenology, argues in his manuscript “Von der Natur der Vorstellungen” that perception involves the belief in the object presented. The argument from revealed perceptual illusions argues that a perceptual experience can rationally persist even if one knows that it represents the world incorrectly, while the corresponding belief cannot rationally persist in this situation. For this reason, perceptual experiences cannot be beliefs or intrinsically connected to them. Brentano and Marty have responded to this argument by arguing that (...)
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  40. added 2015-04-11
    Brentanos und Freges Urteilslehre - Ein Vergleich.Evelyn Dölling - 1993 - In Werner Stelzner (ed.), Philosophie Und Logik: Frege-Kolloquien 1989 Und 1991. De Gruyter. pp. 24-32.
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  41. added 2015-04-11
    Intenzionalità, verità ed evidenza secondo Franz Brentano.A. Bausola - 1967 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 59:275.
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  42. added 2015-04-05
    Idea, Judgement and Will: Essays on the Theory of Judgement.Seppo Eino Sajama - 1983 - Dissertation, Turun Yliopisto (Finland)
    The book deals with two questions: What is the difference between entertaining and believing ? Can the state of belief be produced at will? ;In the first part I trace one historical line of development, from Aristotle to Brentano, in the attempts to answer the question . I consider first the views of Aristotle, Aquinas and Locke who seem to think that the difference is one of object, and second the views of Hume and Brentano who attacked this traditional theory. (...)
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  43. added 2015-04-05
    A Recent Contribution of Brentano's Studies: Franz Brentano's Philosophy of "Evidenz". [REVIEW]Rudolf Fischer - 1966 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 20 (4):483-484.
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  44. added 2015-04-04
    SRZEDNICKI, Jan: Franz Brentano's Analysis of Truth. [REVIEW]Gershon Weiler - 1967 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 45:113.
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  45. added 2015-02-13
    Franz Brentanos Kantkritik.Fr W. Hoppenstedt - 1933 - Kiel.
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  46. added 2015-02-08
    Franz Brentano, Sensory and Noetic Consciousness. [REVIEW]Ernest Sosa - 1984 - Philosophy in Review 4:6-8.
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  47. added 2015-02-08
    SRZEDNICKI, J. T. J. - "Franz Brentano's Analysis of Truth". [REVIEW]J. Foster - 1970 - Mind 79:627.
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  48. added 2015-02-08
    Franz Brentano's Philosophy of 'Evidenz.'.Kurt Rudolf Fischer - 1964 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
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  49. added 2015-02-08
    Brentano, Fr., Versuche über die Erkenntnis. [REVIEW]Ed Hartmann - 1926 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 39:73.
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  50. added 2015-02-04
    La filosofia dell'evidenza. Saggio sull'epistemologia di Franz Brentano. [REVIEW]T. F. T. F. - 1995 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 15:419.
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1 — 50 / 161