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Summary Brentano's contributions to ontology are many, but two kinds stand out: his work on mereology and his work on nominalism. Brentano's mereology is quite sophisticated but also quite unorthodox. It differs from so-called classical mereology in several respects, most notably in rejecting the axiom of supplementation; Chisholm suggests that Brentano's very notion of parthood is different. As for Brentano's nominalism - often referred to as reism - it is explicit in some of Brentano's writings starting 1904; there are some scholarly debates over whether Brentano changed his mind one last time in the last two years of his life. There are also debates over whether Brentano's mereology and nominalism have any plausibility or are merely of historical interest. Other topics covered in this category include Brentano's work on existence talk, his views on substance and accident, and scholarly studies of his metaphysics' relation to Aristotle's.
Key works Brentano's most thorough mereological discussions are in Chapter 2 of Brentano 1982/1995 and Chapters 1 and 2 of Brentano 1933/1981 (though Chapter 4 of Book II of Brentano 1874 contains an early discussion). A useful discussion is in Baumgartner & Simons 1994. Brentano's nominalist turn is late and comes through in notes and dictations collected posthumously in Brentano 1930/1966 and especially Brentano 1933/1981. The term "reism" was coined by Kotarbinski (a student of Brentano's student Twardowski), who applied it to retroactively to Brentano (see Kotarbinski 1976); the label stuck in most interpretive circles.
Introductions For a useful survey of Brentano's metaphysical developments, see Chrudzimski & Smith 2004. Other expositions of Brentano's reism can be found in Smith 1987 and Woleński 2008. For expositions of his mereology, see Baumgartner & Simons 1994 and Kriegel manuscript.
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  1. Time in Brentanist Tradition.L. Albertazzi - 1997 - Brentano Studien 7 (8).
  2. Die Theorie der indirekten Modifikation.L. Albertazzi - 1994 - Brentano Studien 6:5.
  3. Immanent Realism: An Introduction to Brentano.Liliana Albertazzi - 2006 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This book guides the readers through Brentano's life and works, investigating into the inherent complexity of both his view of mental life and the related methodology.
  4. Introduzione a Brentano.Liliana Albertazzi - 1999 - Laterza.
  5. The Phenomenon of Time in Brentanist Tradition.Liliana Albertazzi - 1998/9 - Brentano Studien 7:163-192.
  6. Nominalismo e critica della lingua in Franz Brentano.Liliana Albertazzi - 1990 - Idee 13:217-232.
  7. Univocità dell'essere e intenzionalità del conoscere: Saggio critico sulla genesi e sulle fonti del pensiero di Franz Brentano.M. Antonelli - 1990 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 10 (1):101-123.
  8. Seiendes, Bewußtsein, Intentionalit Im Frühwerk von Franz Brentano.Mauro Antonelli - 2001 - K. Alber.
  9. Auf der Suche nach der Substanz. Brentanos Stellung in der Rezeption der Aristotelischen Ontologie im 19. Jahrhundert.Mauro Antonelli - 1991 - Brentano Studien 3:19-46.
  10. Brentanist Relations.Richard B. Arnaud - 1975 - In Keith Lehrer (ed.), Analysis and Metaphysics. Springer. pp. 189--208.
  11. Philosophical Investigations on Space, Time and the Continuum, by Franz Brentano. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):468-470.
  12. De l'existence de Dieu. Sur le Vom Dasein Gottes de F. Brentano.Michel Bastit - 2012 - ThéoRèmes 2.
  13. Franz Brentano's Mereology.Wilhelm Baumgartner - 2013 - In D. Fisette & G. Frechette (eds.), Themes from Brentano. Rodopi.
  14. Psychologie - Ontologie - Metaphysik. Zur Tragweite des deskriptiv-phänomenologischen Verfahrens bei Franz Brentano.Wilhelm Baumgartner - 1991 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 17:23-36.
  15. Objects Analysed: Brentano's Way Toward the Identity of Objects.Wilhelm Baumgartner - 1989 - Topoi 4 (S):20-30.
  16. Brentano's Mereology.Wilhelm Baumgartner & Peter Simons - 1994 - Axiomathes 1 (1):55-76.
  17. Brentanos Mereologie.Wilhelm Baumgartner & Peter Simons - 1992 - Brentano Studien 4:53-77.
  18. R. DANZER, "Das Allgemeine und das Besondere. Zur Ontologie Franz Brentanos". [REVIEW]A. Bausola - 1967 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 59:406.
  19. Realism: A Critique of Brentano and Meinong.Gustav Bergmann - 1967 - University of Wisconsin Press.
  20. Brentano and Aristotle's Metaphysics.Enrico Berti - 2001 - In Robert W. Sharples (ed.), Whose Aristotle? Whose Aristotelianism? Ashgate.
  21. Gli anni giovanili di Franz Brentano E la dissertazione Del 1862 Sui molteplici significati Dell'essere secondo aristotele.Jacopo-Niccolò Bonato - 2011 - Giornale di Metafisica 33 (3):413-435.
  22. Higher-Order Objects.Paolo Bossi - 1996 - In Liliana Albertazzi, Massimo Libardi & Roberto Poli (eds.), The School of Franz Brentano. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  23. Brentano on Truth.Johannes Brandl - forthcoming - In U. Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School. Routledge.
    How to understand Brentano’s account of truth is a question of some controversy. A number of different views have been put forward as positions that Brentano held at some stage in his career. The received view has it that the early Brentano subscribed to a form of correspondence theory which he later rejected in favor of a definition of truth in terms of correct judging, where the correctness of a judgment is defined in terms of the notion of self-evidence (see (...)
  24. Review: Austrian Philosophy: The Legacy of Franz Brentano. [REVIEW]Johannes L. Brandl - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):697 - 702.
  25. Zur Kategorienlehre.Frank Brentano - 1993 - Brentano Studien 4:251-270.
  26. Selected Letters to Marty.Franz Brentano - 2013 - In D. Fisette & G. Frechette (eds.), Themes from Brentano. Rodopi.
  27. Sul nominalismo contro Guastella.Franz Brentano - 2013 - Giornale di Metafisica 2.
    traduzione di n. de domenico del testo di f. brentano "sul nominalismo. contro guastella".
  28. Diktate Über Die Zeit (1907 Und 1915).Franz Brentano - 1994 - Axiomathes 5 (2-3):325-344.
  29. W kwestii metafizyki.Franz Brentano - 1994 - Principia:0-0.
  30. Dettati Sul Tempo (1907 E 1915).Franz Brentano - 1994 - Axiomathes 5 (2-3):305-324.
  31. Von der Substanz.Franz Brentano - 1993 - Axiomathes 4 (1):25-40.
  32. Della Sostanza.Franz Brentano - 1993 - Axiomathes 4 (1):9-23.
  33. De la diversité des acceptions de l'être d'après Aristote.Franz Brentano - 1992 - Vrin.
    Cette dissertation légendaire de Franz Brentano , éditée à Fribourg en 1862, prend pour fil conducteur de son interprétation de la « métaphysique » comme science de « l’être en tant qu’être » le leitmotiv : « l’être se dit pluriellement ». Mais quelle en est alors la signification directe et unitaire?L’ambition de Brentano est de reconstituer une doctrine dont il s’agit à la fois de montrer et de sauver la conhérence. Le primat accordé à l’acceptation catégoriale de l’être amène (...)
  34. Aristote les Diverses Acceptations de L’Être.Franz Brentano - 1992 - Vrin.
    Cette dissertation légendaire de Franz Brentano , éditée à Fribourg en 1862, prend pour fil conducteur de son interprétation de la « métaphysique » comme science de « l’être en tant qu’être » le leitmotiv : « l’être se dit pluriellement ». Mais quelle en est alors la signification directe et unitaire?L’ambition de Brentano est de reconstituer une doctrine dont il s’agit à la fois de montrer et de sauver la conhérence. Le primat accordé à l’acceptation catégoriale de l’être amène (...)
  35. Philosophical Investigations on Space, Time, and the Continuum.Franz Brentano - 1988 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Franz Brentano is recognised as one of the most important philosophers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This work, first published in English in 1988, besides being an important contribution to metaphysics in its own right, has considerable historical importance through its influence on Husserl’s views on internal time consciousness. The work is preceded by a long introduction by Stephan Körner in collaboration with Brentano’s literary executor Roderick Chisholm. It is translated by Barry Smith.
  36. Über Aristoteles.Franz Brentano - 1986 - Felix Meiner.
    Den 1905 gefaßten Plan einer Gesamtdarstellung der Aristotelischen Lehre brachte Brentano nicht mehr zur Ausführung. Die hier erstmals veröffentlichten Vorarbeiten aus den Jahren 1908 bis 1911 für die Abhandlung »Aristoteles und seine Weltanschauung« bieten einen detaillierten Einblick in das Aristoteles-Bild des späten Brentano.
  37. Descriptive Psychology.Franz Brentano - 1982/1995 - Routledge.
    Franz Brentano (1838-1917) is a key figure in the development of Twentieth Century thought. It was his work that set Husserl on to the road of phenomenology and intentionality, that inspired Meinong's theory of the object which influenced Bertrand Russell, and the entire Polish school of philosophy. ^Descriptive Psychology presents a series of lectures given by Brentano in 1887; they were the culmination of his work, and the clearest statement of his mature thought. It was this later period which proved (...)
  38. Deskriptive Psychologie.Franz Brentano - 1982 - Meiner.
    Den Plan, seine Untersuchungen zur Deskriptiven Psychologie in einem umfassenden Werk zur Darstellung zu bringen, hat Brentano nicht verwirklicht. Neben kleineren Schriften zu diesem Gedankenkreis sind aber die Kollegmanuskripte der 1887 bis 1891 unter wechselnden Titeln gehaltenen Wiener Vorlesungen zur Deskriptiven Psychologie erhalten.
  39. Aristotle and His World View.Franz Brentano - 1978 - University of California Press.
    Franz Clemens Brentano Rolf George, Roderick M. Chisholm. 84 GOD AND THE PRINCIPLES OF CHOICE certain that God's knowledge of himself would not be the best possible knowledge if it were not the attainment of a wisdom that ...
  40. Philosophische Untersuchungen zu Raum, Zeit und Kontinuum.Franz Brentano - 1976 - Felix Meiner.
    Die in diesem Band vereinten Aufsätze spiegeln Brentanos späte Ansichten wieder; die Einleitung wurde für den allgemein philosophisch interessierten Leser konzipiert und behandelt Brentanos Theorie des Kontinuums, des Ursprungs des ...
  41. Die Abkehr vom Nichtrealen.Franz Brentano - 1966 - Francke.
    Brentanos 1904 vollendete Theorie, nur Reales sei vorstellbar und könne existieren, führte auch unter seinen Schülern zu Kontroversen. Dieser Band enthält eine umfangreiche Studie, die Einleitung der Herausgeber zu diesem Problemkreis, Auszüge aus dem Briefwechsel mit A. Marty und O. Kraus sowie die einschlägigen Abhandlungen Brentanos.
  42. Sechs Briefe an A. Meinong.Franz Brentano - 1965 - In R. Kindinger (ed.), Philosophenbriefe: Aus der wissenschaftlichen Korrespondenz von A. Meinong. Akademische Druck u. Verlagsanstalt.
  43. Genuine and Fictitious Objects.Franz Brentano - 1960 - In Roderick Chisholm (ed.), Realism and the Background of Phenomenology. Ridgeview.
  44. The Theory of Categories.Franz Brentano - 1933/1981 - Martinus Nijhoff.
  45. Kategorienlehre.Franz Brentano - 1933 - Meiner.
    Dem durch Kant verschütteten Verständnis der aristotelischen Kategorienlehre brach schon Brentanos erste Schrift 'Von der mannigfachen Bedeutung des Seienden nach Aristoteles' Bahn. Zu ihrem Thema kehrt er in den hier vereinten Diktaten aus seinem letzten Jahrzehnt zurück.
  46. The True and the Evident.Franz Brentano - 1930/1966 - Routledge.
    First published in English in1966, _The True and The Evident_ is a translation of Franz Brentano’s posthumous _Wahrheit und Evidenz_, edited by Oscsar Kraus. The book includes Brentano’s influential lecture "On the Concept of Truth", read before the Vienna Philosophical Society, a variety of essays, drawn from the immense wealth of Brentano’s unpublished material, and letters written by him to Marty, Kraus Hillebrand, and Husserl. Brentano rejects the familiar versions of the "correspondence theory of truth" and proposes to define the (...)
  47. Wahrheit und Evidenz.Franz Brentano - 1930 - Meiner.
    Brentanos Reflexionen über das Verhältnis von Wahrheit und Evidenz wurden erst 1930 herausgegeben. Ihre Kenntnis ist unentbehrlich für das Verständnis seines Verhältnisses zu den an ihn anknüpfenden Denkern, insbesondere zu Husserl.
  48. Gegen Entia Rationis, Sogenannte Irreale Oder Ideale Gegenstände.Franz Brentano - 1929 - Philosophische Hefte 2 (4):257-273.
  49. Zur Lehre vom Raum und Zeit.Franz Brentano - 1920 - Kant-Studien 25:1-23.
  50. Aristoteles und seine Weltanschauung.Franz Brentano - 1911 - Quelle & Meyer.
    In diesem erstmals 1911 veröffentlichten Buch behandelt Brentano die Hauptgedanken der Aristotelischen Philosophie und zeigt ihre Geschlossenheit auf. Der Text kann zugleich als eine Einleitung zur Philosophie Brentanos gelesen werden.
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