Edited by Uriah Kriegel (Institut Jean Nicod)
|Summary||Brentano's contributions to ontology are many, but two kinds stand out: his work on mereology and his work on nominalism. Brentano's mereology is quite sophisticated but also quite unorthodox. It differs from so-called classical mereology in several respects, most notably in rejecting the axiom of supplementation; Chisholm suggests that Brentano's very notion of parthood is different. As for Brentano's nominalism - often referred to as reism - it is explicit in some of Brentano's writings starting 1904; there are some scholarly debates over whether Brentano changed his mind one last time in the last two years of his life. There are also debates over whether Brentano's mereology and nominalism have any plausibility or are merely of historical interest. Other topics covered in this category include Brentano's work on existence talk, his views on substance and accident, and scholarly studies of his metaphysics' relation to Aristotle's.|
|Key works||Brentano's most thorough mereological discussions are in Chapter 2 of Brentano 1982/1995 and Chapters 1 and 2 of Brentano 1933/1981 (though Chapter 4 of Book II of Brentano 1874 contains an early discussion). A useful discussion is in Baumgartner & Simons 1994. Brentano's nominalist turn is late and comes through in notes and dictations collected posthumously in Brentano 1930/1966 and especially Brentano 1933/1981. The term "reism" was coined by Kotarbinski (a student of Brentano's student Twardowski), who applied it to retroactively to Brentano (see Kotarbinski 1976); the label stuck in most interpretive circles.|
|Introductions||For a useful survey of Brentano's metaphysical developments, see Chrudzimski & Smith 2004. Other expositions of Brentano's reism can be found in Smith 1987 and Woleński 2008. For expositions of his mereology, see Baumgartner & Simons 1994 and Kriegel manuscript.|
Using PhilPapers from home?
Create an account to enable off-campus access through your institution's proxy server.
Monitor this page
Be alerted of all new items appearing on this page. Choose how you want to monitor it:
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers