About this topic
Summary Brentano is widely regarded as the first, or at least among the first, to propose a fitting-attitude account of value. According to his account, an object or state of affairs is good just in case it is correct to love it (but Brentano's notion of love is very wide). Brentano's work on this strongly impressed G.E. Moore, but was brought to prominence again mostly by Chisholm, as well as some of his students. More recently, Brentano's contributions have been discussed in the context of various issues surrounding buck-passing accounts of value. A related topic of scholarship is the influence of Brentano on economic thought, both Austrian and Keynesian. Note well: although this category focuses mostly on ethical value, it also covers works by and on Brentano on aesthetic value.
Key works Brentano's central work in this area is Brentano 1889/1969. Essays and lecture notes of relevance were posthumously collected in Brentano 1973. His work directly influenced the ethical work of Meinong and Ehrenfels, whose Meinong 1894 and von Ehrenfels 1897 are unfortunately unavailable in English (but see Marek 2009 and Smith 1986). The earliest prominent English-language discussion of Brentano's ethical work is Moore 1903. The revival of Brentano in modern metaethics is largely due to a single work: Chisholm 1986. A number of Chisholm students developed the view further - see especially Lemos 1994 and Zimmerman 2001. Work on Brentano's aesthetics is quite limited, mostly because his essays and notes on the subject, collected posthumously in Brentano 1959, remain untranslated. Still, useful expository work on Brentano's aesthetics is provided by Pasquerella 1993 (another Chisholm student). For the connection between the ethics and the aesthetics, see Baumgartner & Pasquerella 2004. For Brentano's influence on Austrian economics, see Smith 1994, and for his influence on Keynes, see Baldwin 2006.
Introductions Brentano 1889/1969 is sufficiently lucid to serve as its own introduction, but no other work parallels Chisholm 1986. A shorter good introduction is Simons 2013.
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175 found
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1 — 50 / 175
  1. added 2019-11-14
    The Function of Wertfűhlen in Scheler's Theory of Value.Lucinda Ann Vandervort Brettler - 1970 - Dissertation, McGill University
    This thesis (110 pages) was submitted in March 1970 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts. The work was supervised by Professor Raymond Klibansky, McGill University.
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  2. added 2019-06-06
    L’Esthétique Brentanienne Comme Science Normative.Jean-Claude Gens - 2002 - Studia Phaenomenologica 4 (1):31-51.
    According to Brentano, logic, ethics and aesthetics are practical normative sciences, and they correspond to the three classes of psychic phenomena. But if a judgment or a love may be correct or incorrect, it seems more difficult to speak of a correct representation as this class of phenomena ignores a polarity such as right / wrong or good / bad. Brentano speaks nevertheless from the aesthetical “value” of representations. Aesthetics could in this way be considered as part of a general (...)
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  3. added 2019-06-06
    L’esthétique Brentanienne Comme Science Normative.Jean-Claude Gens - 2002 - Studia Phaenomenologica 4 (1/2):31-51.
    According to Brentano, logic, ethics and aesthetics are practical normative sciences, and they correspond to the three classes of psychic phenomena. But if a judgment or a love may be correct or incorrect, it seems more difficult to speak of a correct representation as this class of phenomena ignores a polarity such as right / wrong or good / bad. Brentano speaks nevertheless from the aesthetical “value” of representations. Aesthetics could in this way be considered as part of a general (...)
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  4. added 2019-06-06
    Adriano Bausola, "Conoscenza E Moralità in Franz Brentano". [REVIEW]H. Beatriz Urdaneta - 1970 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (2):232.
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Untersuchungen Zur Werttheorie Und Theodizee. [REVIEW]Gerhart Saenger - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (10):274-276.
  6. added 2019-06-05
    Moore, Brentano, and Scanlon: A Defense of Indefinability.Miles Tucker - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-16.
    Mooreans claim that intrinsic goodness is a conceptual primitive. Fitting-attitude theorists object: they say that goodness should be defined in terms of what it is fitting for us to value. The Moorean view is often considered a relic; the fitting-attitude view is increasingly popular. I think this unfortunate. Though the fitting-attitude analysis is powerful, the Moorean view is still attractive. I dedicate myself to the influential arguments marshaled against Moore’s program, including those advanced by Scanlon, Stratton-Lake and Hooker, and Jacobson; (...)
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  7. added 2019-03-03
    Précis of Brentano’s Philosophical System.Uriah Kriegel - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    Here is a rather difficult two-part question: How may we grasp (a) the nature of reality and (b) the nature of value? As I understand the man, answering this question was the principal, overarching aim of Franz Brentano’s philosophical work. More specifically, he wanted to provide an answer that respected a self-imposed theoretical constraint, namely, that our grasp of a thing’s status as real or as valuable be ultimately grounded in direct encounter with certain aspects of our conscious experience. The (...)
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  8. added 2019-02-11
    Brentano and the Birth of a New Paradigm in Philosophy of Emotion.Íngrid Vendrell Ferran - forthcoming - In D. Fisette, Guillaume Frechette & Hynek Janoušek (eds.), Franz Brentano's Philosophy after Hundred Years. From History of Philosophy to Reism. Springer.
    This paper argues that the view of the emotions put forward by Brentano, and the modifications and refinements of his claims undertaken by his followers, led to the birth of new paradigm in the philosophy of emotion. The paper is structured in four main sections. The first section presents the context in which Brentano’s theory emerged. Section 2 is devoted to Brentano’s three main claims on the emotions, focusing on their intentionality, their dependency on cognitions, and their relation to values. (...)
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  9. added 2018-09-03
    The Origin of Our Knowledge of Right and Wrong, by Franz Brentano. [REVIEW]A. G. Pleydell-Pearce - 1971 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 2 (3):96-98.
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  10. added 2018-06-16
    Brentano et le réalisme moral.Gemmo Iocco - 2018 - Bulletin D’Analyse Phénoménologique 14 (3):1-19.
    Dans ses écrits sur l’éthique, Brentano affirme que les propriétés morales — comme « bon » — sont l’objet d’une représentation intuitive non sensible dont le contenu est de nature « mentale ». Si la nature mentale de ces contenus en garantit le caractère d’évidence, elle en complexifie aussi l’élucidation ontologique et épistémologique, qui doit tenir compte de la classification brentanienne des actes psychiques. C’est justement cette complexité constitutive qui a fait de la théorie éthique de Brentano un passage obligé (...)
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  11. added 2018-06-16
    Normativité et intentionnalité : pour un pluralisme normatif.Marie-Hélène Desmeules - 2018 - Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique 14 (2):1-33.
    Brentano et Husserl reconnurent tous deux que certaines de nos intentionnalités posent des enjeux normatifs. Seulement, Brentano croyait que les intentionnalités ne peuvent être qualifiées normativement que si elles sont incompatibles avec une autre façon opposée de se rapporter intentionnellement à un même objet. Husserl insista pour sa part sur le fait qu’il n’y a des enjeux normatifs que là où il y a une relation intentionnelle et positionnelle. Malgré cette distinction, en imposant ces conditions (incompatibilité et position) pour qu’il (...)
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  12. added 2018-05-14
    Franz Brentano e il cognitivismo emotivo.Gemmo Iocco - 2018 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 9 (1):45-56.
    Riassunto: Il presente studio intende mostrare la natura specifica del cognitivismo emotivo proposto da Franz Brentano. In maniera più o meno evidente, la teoria del valore delineata da Brentano ha ricoperto un ruolo di primaria importanza nel dibattito assiologico-etico di fine Ottocento e inizio Novecento ed è ampiamente discussa anche all’interno del dibattito contemporaneo. Nel contributo vengono richiamati gli aspetti generali di tale teoria soffermandosi sulla nozione di “rappresentazione intuitiva” intesa come modalità che permette di conoscere ciò che giusto e (...)
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  13. added 2018-04-23
    Exceptions in Nonderivative Value.Garrett Cullity - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (1):26-49.
    According to most substantive axiological theories – theories telling us which things are good and bad – pleasure is nonderivatively good. This seems to imply that it is always good, even when directed towards a bad object, such as another person’s suffering. This implication is accepted by the Mainstream View about misdirected pleasures: it holds that when someone takes pleasure in another person’s suffering, his being pleased is good, although his being pleased by suffering is bad. This view gains some (...)
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  14. added 2018-02-20
    De Brentano à Thémistius, et retour Éléments pour une «esthétique» aristotélicienne.Alain Petit - 2016 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 114 (3):407-420.
    L’article revient, à la lumière de Brentano, sur l’«esthétique» d’Aristote. Si Aristote a insisté sur la manière dont la perception suppose la donation d’un perceptible existant à l’extérieur, il semble qu’il est aussi fait droit à ce qu’aurait de spécifique le percept, en tant qu’il constituerait un objet perçu interne à l’âme. Il faut dès lors revenir sur la passivité que constituerait la sensation, et insister sur l’activité perceptive de l’âme en tant qu’elle vise, déjà dans la sensation, un objet (...)
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  15. added 2018-02-12
    Brentano's Philosophical System: Mind, Being, Value.Uriah Kriegel - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Uriah Kriegel presents a rich exploration of the philosophy of the great nineteenth-century thinker Franz Brentano. He locates Brentano at the crossroads where the Anglo-American and continental European philosophical traditions diverged. At the centre of this account of Brentano's philosophy is the connection between mind and reality. Kriegel aims to develop Brentano's central ideas where they are overly programmatic or do not take into account philosophical developments that have taken place since Brentano's death a century ago; and to offer a (...)
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  16. added 2017-12-25
    An Image of a Higher World: Ethical Renewal in Franz Brentano and Edmund Husserl.Michael Gubser - 2011 - Santalka: Filosofija, Komunikacija 17 (3):39-49.
    Although interpreters have long recognized Franz Brentano’s powerful impact on his students, the career-long persistence of his hold on Edmund Husserl is still underestimated. Conventional narratives of Husserl’s development describe his mentor’s pervasive early impact followed by a sharp break from the master’s philosophy. My essay challenges this account by arguing that Husserl’s shift toward transcendental phenomenology within the domain of ethics marked a reappraisal – even a reinvigoration – of Brentanian premises, rather than an attempt to discard them.
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  17. added 2017-10-05
    The Pleasant and the Beautiful.G. Katkov - 1939 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 40 (1):177-206.
  18. added 2017-09-30
    Grundlegung Und Aufbau der Ethik Nach den Vorlesungen Über "Praktische Philosophie" Aus Dem Nachlass.Franz Clemens Brentano - 1952 - A. Francke.
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  19. added 2017-09-30
    Die Werttheorien. Geschichte und Kritik. [REVIEW]Reviewer Unknown - 1938 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 45 (2):6-7.
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  20. added 2017-09-28
    Wert, Norm Und Recht.Oskar Kraus - 1937 - Travaux du IXe Congrès International de Philosophie 12:16-21.
    En 1901, l’auteur a démontré que la notion de la valeur économique est basée sur celle de la préférence et de l’avantage. Partant des résultats acquis par Franz Brentano dans l’analyse des notions d’avantage et de valeur, l’auteur démontre que tes notions d’utilité et de devoir se ramènent à cette même base. Il s’ensuit une démonstration du rapport des obligations juridiques et des normes de droit positif, avec l’idée du devoir moral. L’auteur s’efforce de réaliser la synthèse du subjectivisme de (...)
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  21. added 2017-09-28
    Vom Ursprung Sittlicher Erkenntnis Nebst Kleineren Abhandlungen Zur Ethischen Erkenntnistheorie Und Lebensweisheit.Franz Clemens Brentano - 1921 - F. Meiner.
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  22. added 2017-09-28
    Zur Theorie des Wertes.Oskar Kraus - 1901 - Max Niemeyer.
  23. added 2017-09-26
    The Status of Morality.Thomas L. Carson - 1984 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
  24. added 2017-09-25
    Marty and Brentano.Laurent Cesalli & Kevin Mulligan - 2017 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 251-263.
    The Swiss philosopher Anton Marty (Schwyz, 1847 - Prague, 1914) belongs, with Carl Stumpf, to the first circle of Brentano’s pupils. Within Brentano’s school (and, to some extent, in the secondary literature), Marty has often been considered (in particular by Meinong) a kind of would-be epigone of his master (Fisette & Fréchette 2007: 61-2). There is no doubt that Brentano’s doctrine often provides Marty with his philosophical starting points. But Marty often arrives at original conclusions which are diametrically opposed to (...)
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  25. added 2017-09-11
    „Inseln des Unglücks“: Über Das Schlechte in der Summation des Guten Aristoteles-Brentano-Katkov.Klaus Hedwig - 2003 - Studia Phaenomenologica 3 (1/2):99-114.
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  26. added 2017-09-11
    R. Chisholm, Brentano and Intrinsic Value. [REVIEW][author unknown] - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (2):350-351.
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  27. added 2017-09-11
    R. Chisholm, Brentano and Intrinsic Value. [REVIEW]Guillermo Hurtado - 1988 - Critica 20 (58):122-129.
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  28. added 2017-09-11
    The Development of Franz Brentano’s Ethics. [REVIEW]W. Stark - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):99-100.
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  29. added 2017-09-11
    Linda McAlister, "The Development of Franz Brentano's Ethics". [REVIEW]Elizabeth Hughes Schneewind - 1985 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 23 (1):119.
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  30. added 2017-09-11
    "The Development of Franz Brentano's Ethics" by Linda Lopez McAlister. [REVIEW]Susan Lufkin Krantz - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (2):287.
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  31. added 2017-09-11
    F. Brentano's "Grundzuege der Aesthetik". [REVIEW]Anne L. Michaelis - 1961 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (1):129-130.
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  32. added 2017-09-11
    The Origin of the Knowledge of Right and Wrong, by Franz Brentano. [REVIEW]G. E. Moore - 1903 - Ethics 14:115.
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  33. added 2017-08-04
    La verità trionfa: Da T. G. Masaryk a Jan Patočka.Barry Smith - 1991 - Discipline Filosofiche 2:207–227.
    Thomas Garrigue Masaryk, later founder and President of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, studied philosophy in the University of Vienna from 1872 to 1876, where he came under the powerful influence of Franz Brentano. We survey the role of Brentano’s philosophy, and especially of his ethics, in Masaryk’s life and work.
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  34. added 2017-03-18
    Two Kinds of Ethical Intuitionism: Brentano’s and Reid's.Olson Jonas - 2017 - The Monist 100 (1):106-119.
    This paper explores Franz Brentano’s metaethics by comparing it to Thomas Reid’s. Brentano and Reid share a commitment to moral realism and they are both aptly classified as intuitionists concerning moral knowledge and the nature of moral judgment. However, their respective versions of intuitionism are importantly different, in ways that reflect more general differences between their respective epistemological views. Sections III and IV of the paper focus more exclusively on Brentano’s metaethics and some of its unorthodox features. These features tie (...)
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  35. added 2017-03-03
    Brentano on Emotion and the Will.Michelle Montague - 2017 - In U. Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 110-123.
    Franz Brentano’s theory of emotion is tightly bound up with many of his other central claims, in such a way that one has to work out how it relates to these other claims if one is to understand its distinctive character. There are two main axes of investigation. The first results from the fact that Brentano introduces his theory of emotion as part of his overall theory of mind, which consists of a number of closely interconnected theses concerning the nature (...)
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  36. added 2017-02-13
    Der Zweck in der Philosophie des Franz Suarez.A. W. Centner - 1937 - New Scholasticism 11 (1):84-85.
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  37. added 2017-01-23
    Correct and Incorrect Emotions. Love and Hate in Brentano's Moral Psychology.Boccaccini Federico - unknown
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  38. added 2016-12-08
    Fitting Attitude Analyses of Value and the Partiality Challenge.Jonas Olson - 2009 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (4):365-378.
    According to ‘Fitting Attitude’ (FA) analyses of value, for an object to be valuable is for that object to have properties—other than its being valuable—that make it a fitting object of certain responses. In short, if an object is positively valuable it is fitting to favour it; if an object is negatively valuable it is fitting to disfavour it. There are several variants of FA analyses. Some hold that for an object to be valuable is for it to be such (...)
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  39. added 2016-12-08
    Intrinsic Value: Concept and Warrant.Noah M. Lemos - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book addresses some basic questions about intrinsic value: What is it? What has it? What justifies our beliefs about it? In the first six chapters the author defends the existence of a plurality of intrinsic goods, the thesis of organic unities, the view that some goods are 'higher' than others, and the view that intrinsic value can be explicated in terms of 'fitting' emotional attitudes. The final three chapters explore the justification of our beliefs about intrinsic value, including coherence (...)
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  40. added 2016-11-28
    Das Gesetz, die Anklage und Ks Prozess.Robert Welsh Jordan - 1980 - In Jahrbuch der deutschen Schillergesellschaft. Alfred Kröner Verlag. pp. 332-356.
    DESCRIPTION—An essay showing Kafka's The Trial to be written as illustration of an important theory of natural that remains quite unknown all but a very few critics and commentators. CONTENTS 1. The charge against Joseph K. Ignorance of the natural sanction of law and custom a. Brentano's conception of natural law b. Natural law and human need in the Protagoras 2. Correct choice: Brentano's ethical theory a. The empirical origin of the concepts "good" and "better": analogous derivation of "true" b. (...)
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  41. added 2016-10-18
    Brentano and Intrinsic Value. [REVIEW]James C. Klagge & Roderick M. Chisholm - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (3):390.
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  42. added 2016-10-18
    La genialidad.David Torrijos-Castrillejo & Franz Brentano - 1892/2016 - Encuentro.
    En este opúsculo dedicado a la estética, Brentano parte de sus puntos de vista sobre antropología y teoría del conocimiento para investigar el elemento distintivo de un ser humano genial. Aquello que convierte una obra de arte en una obra maestra, la genialidad, ¿está originado por una fuerza sobrehumana, una «inspiración», o bien es un rasgo de la psique del artista? Franz C. Brentano. 'La genialidad'. Introducción, traducción y notas de David Torrijos-Castrillejo. Serie opuscula philosophica 61. Madrid, Encuentro, 2016, ISBN: (...)
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  43. added 2016-07-11
    The New Realism in Ethics.Christian Piller - 2003 - In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945. pp. 377-388.
  44. added 2016-07-04
    Schriften Zur Ethik Und Ästhetik.Franz Brentano - 2010 - Ontos.
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  45. added 2016-07-04
    Inseln des Unglücks“. Über das Schlechte in der Summation des Guten – Aristoteles-Brentano-Katkov.Klaus Hedwig - 2003 - Studia Phaenomenologica 3 (1):99-112.
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  46. added 2016-06-06
    Untersuchungen zur Werttheorie und Theodizee.Georg Katkov - 1937 - Rohrer.
  47. added 2016-04-15
    Die Werttheorien, Geschichte Und Kritik. [REVIEW]M. M. - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):106-107.
  48. added 2016-04-15
    Die Werttheorien, Geschichte Und Kritik.Oskar Kraus - 1937 - Rudolf Rohrer.
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  49. added 2016-04-12
    Brentano's Metaethics.Jonas Olson - forthcoming - In U. Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School. Routledge.
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  50. added 2016-03-08
    Brentano on Beauty and Aesthetics.Wolfgang Huemer - 2017 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Companion to Brentano and the Brentano School. London & New York: Routledge.
    In his entire oeuvre Brentano defended a scientific conception of philosophy and advocated the adoption of a rigorous, scientific method. Given this background it might come as a surprise that in his reflections on aesthetics he firmly rejected the classic definition of aesthetics as the science of beauty. This must not be read as an expression of disinterest in – or a dismissal of – aesthetics, though. It is rather an expression of Brentano's view concerning the position of aesthetics in (...)
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