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  1. Andrea Branchi, Pride, Manners, and Morals: Bernard Mandeville's Anatomy of Honour.Catherine Dromelet - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):297-302.
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  2. Tatsuya Sakamoto, David Hume and Adam Smith: A Japanese Perspective.Hansong Li - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):302-307.
  3. Catalina González Quintero, Academic Skepticism in Hume and Kant: A Ciceronian Critique of Metaphysics.Peter S. Fosl - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):307-312.
  4. Hume on Self and Sympathy.Dario Galvão - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):255-273.
    The paper seeks to contribute to the discussion of Hume's theory of personal identity, by examining a conflict regarding the vivacity of the self in his writings about sympathy. Although the mechanism of sympathy supposes that self is the liveliest perception of thought, when we consider sympathy through the perspective of the ‘desire of company’, we find that self lacks vivacity and, without alterity, it would be in reality nothing. Our objective is to present the conflict and show that, far (...)
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  5. Smithian Moral Judgement: Humean Passions and Beyond.Maria A. Carrasco - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):275-292.
    Smithian (supposedly) irregular feelings reveal the internal structure of moral judgements by showing that they consist of two distinct elements. These elements belong to different dynamisms of human nature, are triggered by different causes, and produce different reactions in the agent. In the case of resentment, I call them animal resentment and moral resentment, respectively. Animal resentment closely resembles Hume's account of resentment and follows his theory of the passions. Moral resentment is different, for it is not caused directly by (...)
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  6. Book Review: Hume on the Nature of Morality, by Elizabeth S. Radcliffe. [REVIEW]James Chamberlain - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):293-297.
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  7. Is Shepherd a Bundle Theorist?David Landy - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):229-253.
    Shepherd appears to endorse something like the following biconditonal regarding qualities and objects. □(An object, O, exists ↔ Some bundle of qualities, Q1, Q2, … Qn exists). There is a growing consensus in the secondary literature that she also takes the right side of this biconditional to ground the left side. I.e. Shepherd is a bundle theorist who takes an object to be nothing but a mass of qualities, or causal powers. I argue here that despite appearances, this interpretation reverses (...)
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  8. David Hume acerca del materialismo.Sofía Calvente - 2023 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 35 (2):275-299.
    Durante los siglos XVII y XVIII hubo un intenso debate en las Islas Británicas en torno al materialismo. Mi objetivo consiste en caracterizar la postura de David Hume en el marco de ese debate. Sostengo que, no obstante rechazar la metafísica sustancialista para centrarse en el estudio de las percepciones, Hume sienta una posición respecto de la relación entre mente y materia. Sin embargo, esa posición reviste cierta complejidad en tanto no es explicitada en los textos que se editaron en (...)
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  9. Robert Balfour and William Chalmers on the Essence, Existence and Aptness of Accidents.Alexander Broadie - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (2):173-187.
    Two seventeeth-century Scottish Catholic philosophers, Robert Balfour and William Chalmers, are introduced and their accounts of the metaphysics of the Eucharist are discussed. Their ideas are largely in terms of the Aristotelian concepts of substance, accident and inherence, with special attention paid to the idea that the essence of an accident is not its actual inherence (that is, its act of inhering) in a substance but its aptness for inherence in a substance. Balfour appears to accept this (Thomist) doctrine. But (...)
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  10. Morality Before the Enlightenment: An Interpretation of Viscount Stair's Natural Law Theory, c. 1681.Stephen Bogle - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (2):189-209.
    As a leading judge of seventeenth century Scotland, Viscount Stair (1619−1695) was a significant public figure in the immediate period before the Scottish Enlightenment. Indeed, he offers a vital but often overlooked insight into the intellectual life of Scotland during his lifetime. However, as Stair never published anything specifically on moral philosophy, this article asks if it is possible to reconstruct a moral theory on his behalf based on his printed legal and theological works. On the assumption that this is (...)
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  11. Archibald Pitcairne and the Newtonian Turn of Medical Philosophy.Sebastiano Gino - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (2):211-228.
    Archibald Pitcairne’s medical writings are inspired by Newton’s Principia mathematica, as the Scottish physician assumed Newtonian physics as a model for scientific inquiry that should be applied to other branches of natural philosophy, including physiology and pathology. The ideal of a comprehensive mathematical science was very appealing to late seventeenth-century intellectuals, including physicians. This essay focuses on how Pitcairne tried to implement these ideas. In particular, I argue that Pitcairne’s medical thinking is based on three philosophical assumptions: first, a methodological (...)
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  12. Direct or Indirect Scotism? Seventeenth-Century Scottish Scholasticism and the Case of James Sibbald (1595–1647).Matthew Baines - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (2):131-149.
    In response to scholarship which has shown that seventeenth-century Scottish scholasticism was influenced by John Duns Scotus (1265/66–1308), Jean-Pascal Anfray has argued that Scottish scholasticism was only indirectly influenced by Scotism, especially by Jesuit thinkers like Francisco Suárez (1548–1618), using the Aberdeen Doctor James Sibbald (1595–1647) and his theory of the body-soul composite as a litmus test. In reply to Anfray’s claims, this article undertakes three interconnected tasks. First, it renews calls for philosophical Scotism to be defined according to a (...)
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  13. Maximalising Providence: Samuel Rutherford's Augustinian Transformation of Scotist Scholasticism.Simon J. G. Burton - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (2):151-172.
    In recent years evidence has emerged of the considerable influence of Scotist metaphysics on the Reformed scholasticism of the seventeenth century. One of the figures often named in connection with this Scotist revival is Samuel Rutherford (1600–61), who was one of the most important Scottish theologians of the seventeenth century. Focussing on Rutherford’s maximalist doctrine of providence, this article demonstrates his profound debt to key Scotist philosophical devices. In structuring these concepts, however, it is demonstrated that Rutherford is influenced not (...)
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  14. Is Shepherd a Monist?David Landy - forthcoming - Journal of Scottish Philosophy.
    The question of this paper can be put roughly as follows. For Shepherd, how many things exist? On the one hand, it looks like the answer is going to be: many! It is a central tent of Shepherd’s philosophical system that causation is a relation whereby two or more objects combine to create a third. Since there are many instances of this causal relation, there must be many objects in the world. Add to this the distinction between internal (mental) objects (...)
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  15. Ideas, o movimientos en el cerebro.Sofía Calvente - 2023 - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 28 (2):9-28.
    En la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII tuvo lugar un debate entre Thomas Reid y Joseph Priestley acerca de la naturaleza de la mente y su interacción con el cuerpo. En el marco de la defensa de la religión cristiana y en nombre de principios metodológicos experimentalistas y newtonianos, los autores defienden propuestas radicalmente diferentes acerca de la relación entre la mente y la materia. Sus divergencias se vinculan con la interpretación del método newtoniano y su concepción de la materia, (...)
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  16. The Transformation of Adam Smith’s Political Economy in Japan: The struggle between Yukichi Fukuzawa and Shigeki Nishimura over wealth and virtue.Shinji Nohara - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (1):97-118.
    In The Human Condition, Hanna Arendt explained the rise of the social realm during the early modern period from the ancient dichotomy between the public and the private domains. For her, the rise was relevant to the establishment of political economy. This establishment was also linked with the intellectual change of a non-Western region. When Japanese intellectuals began importing Western political economy, they confronted a problem of how to fit that science to the Japanese situation, which they saw as having (...)
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  17. Ferguson’s View of Society based on Instinct.Hajime Kawakami - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (1):119-125.
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  18. Science, Metaphysics, and the Hand of God: the case of Thomas Reid.Shinichi Nagao - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (1):35-52.
    This paper will explore how being a Newtonian scientist affected the formation of Thomas Reid’s philosophy and theism. Reid, like other Newtonian scientists, found evidence of God in his understanding nature and the limitations of science. Reid introduced the Newtonian scientific method into his philosophical speculations to establish his system. Focusing on the application of the ‘Newtonian method’ he employed, this paper examines the development of Reid’s philosophy and points out that one of the origins of his theism was his (...)
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  19. The Development of the Discourse Surrounding ‘Social Improvement’ during the Anglo-Irish Trade Dispute, 1695–1800.Sora Sato - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (1):1-18.
    The idea of social improvement, including the concept of ‘reciprocity’, had substantially been developed in the Anglo-Irish trade disputes since the late seventeenth century. Towards the end of the eighteenth century, however, commentators became more sceptical of ‘reciprocity’. The Irish reception of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations must be situated in this historical context, and the article explores the implications of the relevant discourses for John Robertson's concept of Enlightenment. Like in Scotland, ‘improvement’ was considered significant in eighteenth-century Ireland. Nevertheless, (...)
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  20. Sympathy and Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment.Tatsuya Sakamoto - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (1):53-74.
    For the first time, in Hume and Smith, ‘sympathy’ occupies a central position as the principle of moral judgment. The key to solving the relationship between sympathy and economic thought lies in the theory of justice. Hume and Smith inherited Hutcheson’s criticism of the Hobbesian selfish system and considered humans selfish and social. For both, the relationship between selfishness and sympathy is neither a contradiction nor a subordinate structure in which selfishness ultimately dominates sympathy. In this joint project, Hume’s institutional (...)
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  21. Hume and the Demands of Philosophy: Science, Skepticism, and Moderation by Nathan I. Sasser. [REVIEW]Charles Goldhaber - 2023 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 21 (3):313–17.
    Nathan Sasser's ‘purely practical reading of Hume’s response to skepticism’ is so natural and compelling that it is almost surprising that his new monograph, Hume and the Demands of Philosophy, offers its first systematic defence. I praise the book's clarity and concision, and then raise concerns about omitted topics, especially concerning Hume's views on the practical value of sceptical philosophy.
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  22. Ben Hewitt, Byron, Shelley, and Goethe’s Faust. An Epic Connection (London: Legenda, 2015), and Wayne Deakin, Hegel and the English Romantic Tradition (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015). [REVIEW]Jennifer Mensch - 2016 - Keats-Shelly Journal 65:168-171.
    In Byron, Shelley, and Goethe’s Faust, author Ben Hewitt has provided us with a carefully done and convincing study. Given this, it would have been interesting to see Hewitt’s effort to integrate Mary Shelley’s work into his narrative. Apart from any similarities between Faust and Frankenstein, it bears remembering that Goethe himself remained unconvinced by efforts to clearly demarcate works as “tragic” or “epic”; a fact that becomes especially clear in the number of works he’d devoted to rewriting the story (...)
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  23. Solipcism in George Berkeley's Philosophy.Vinícius França Freitas - 2021 - Analytica. Revista de Filosofia 23 (2):88-116.
    The paper advances the hypothesis that George Berkeley's philosophy does not overcome solipsism. In order to do this, it presents four difficulties on his arguments for other existences: (I) the argument about the existence of an external cause for sensitive ideas faces the difficulty of not eliminating the possibility that the mind itself is the cause of these ideas; (II) the argument present in the Dialogues to prove the existence of God is circular: it presupposes the existence of objects distinct (...)
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  24. Upanishadoṃ meṃ sannyāsayoga: samīkshātmaka adhyayana.Īśvara Siṃha Bhāradvaja - 1993 - Naī Dillī: Klāsikala Pabliśiṅga Kampanī.
    Study on asceticism based on Upanishads.
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  25. David Hume, essays, Moral, Political, and Literary, T. Beauchamp & M. Box, eds. [REVIEW]Paul Russell - 2023 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    The new two volume edition of Hume’s Essays, Moral, Political and Literary, edited by Tom Beauchamp and Mark Box, is the first critical edition.[3] What primarily distinguishes a critical edition is that it collates the copy-text with all other editions and provides a complete record of variations in the texts. Beauchamp and Box provide readers with detailed, informative notes and annotations that describe the variations and revisions that have been made to the Essays published within Hume’s lifetime. They also provide (...)
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  26. Thomas Reid’s Moderate Reply to Skepticism.Vinícius França Freitas - 2022 - Síntese Revista de Filosofia 49 (154):365.
    The paper states a hypothesis concerning Thomas Reid's moderation in his reply to skepticism. It is initially argued that commonsense beliefs, though due to reliable faculties, are doubtful, fallible, and correctable. They are not completely immune to skeptical attack. It is further argued that Reid intends to reply only to one form of skepticism, the partial one – the skepticism of authors who accept at least one mental faculty as a reliable source of knowledge. Reid does not intend to argue (...)
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  27. Brian Ribeiro, Sextus, Montaigne, Hume: Pyrrhonizers.John Christian Laursen - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (3):269-272.
  28. Michelle Schwarze, Recognizing Resentment: Sympathy, Injustice, and Liberal Political Thought.Kirun Sankaran - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (3):283-286.
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  29. Jacqueline Taylor (ed.), Reading Hume on the Principles of Morals_ and Esther Engels Kroeker and Willem Lemmens (eds), _Hume’s_ An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals: _A Critical Guide.Pedro Faria - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (3):286-291.
  30. The Paradox of Wealth and Happiness in Adam Smith’s The Theory of Moral Sentiments.Şule Özler - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (3):203-216.
    Smith’s statements on wealth and happiness are paradoxical. On the one hand, Smith states that individuals’ pursuit of wealth is beneficial for society because it leads to economic growth and establishes rank and order in society. On the other hand, he appears to say that pursuit of wealth leaves individuals unhappy. Griswold refers to this as ‘comic irony’. In this paper, by examining what Smith says about wealth and happiness, we attempt to resolve this paradox. Towards this end, we analyze (...)
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  31. ‘The Father of the Experimental Philosophy of the Human Mind’: Descartes and the Scottish Enlightenment’s Moral Philosophers.Sofia Calvente - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (3):217-235.
    Thomas Reid, Adam Ferguson and Dugald Stewart were exponents of the experimental philosophy of mind in the Scottish Enlightenment. The unique character of their philosophical project lies in the adoption of the mind-matter dualism as a necessary condition for the study of mental phenomena. This fact led them to recognize the importance of Descartes, both for being the first to clearly delimit the mental and material realms and for emphasizing the relevance of reflection as an instrument for the study of (...)
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  32. Alciphron / Siris, de George Berkeley.Jaimir Conte - 2022 - São Paulo, SP, Brasil: Editora da UNESP.
    George Berkeley. Alciphron/Siris. Tradução, apresentação e notas de Jaimir Conte. São Paulo: Editora da Unesp, 2022. O volume reúne traduções de duas obras de George Berkeley, “Alciphron, ou o filósofo minucioso” e “Siris”. “Alciphron” é estruturado como um diálogo filosófico entre quatro personagens, no qual Berkeley combate os argumentos dos chamados “livres-pensadores” (como Mandeville ou Shaftesbury), fazendo uma apologia do Cristianismo. Já “Siris” é tanto um tratado sobre as virtudes medicinais da água de alcatrão quanto uma visão do filósofo das (...)
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  33. Hutcheson and his Critics and Opponents on the Moral Sense.Ruth Boeker - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (2):143-161.
    This paper takes a new look at Francis Hutcheson's moral sense theory and examines it in light of the views of his rationalist critics and opponents who claim that there has to be an antecedent moral standard prior to any sense or affections. I examine how Gilbert Burnet, Samuel Clarke, and Catharine Trotter Cockburn each argue for the priority of reason over a moral sense and how Hutcheson responds or could respond to their views. Furthermore, I consider the proposal that (...)
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  34. Max Skjönsberg, The Persistence of Party: Ideas of Harmonious Discord in Eighteenth-Century Britain.Craig Smith - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (1):73-77.
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  35. Changing Society and Institutions in the Theories of Adam Smith and Sophie de Grouchy.Anna Markwart - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (1):55-72.
    The aim of this paper is to present a comparative analysis and reconstruction of the approach to social, moral, and institutional change in the theories of Adam Smith and Sophie de Grouchy. In their theories moral philosophy is inextricably linked with social thought. I also discuss the role of education and institutions in such a process. I argue that Smith's and de Grouchy's understanding of the roles of sympathy and institutions are strictly connected to the way they perceive the process (...)
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  36. Hsueh M. Qu, Hume's Epistemological Evolution. [REVIEW]Nathan I. Sasser - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (1):80-84.
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  37. Terence Cuneo, Thomas Reid on the Ethical Life.James J. S. Foster - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (1):77-80.
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  38. A Reiding of Berkeley's Theory of Vision.Hannes Ole Matthiessen - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (1):19-40.
    George Berkeley argues that vision is a language of God, that the immediate objects of vision are arbitrary signs for tactile objects and that there is no necessary connection between what we see and what we touch. Thomas Reid, on the other hand, aims to establish a geometrical connection between visible and tactile figures. Consequently, although Reid and Berkeley's theories of vision share important elements, Reid explicitly rejects Berkeley's idea that visible figures are merely arbitrary signs for tangible bodies. But (...)
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  39. Religion in context: History and Policy in Hume's Natural History of Religion.Hannah Lingier - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (1):41-54.
    Hume's Natural History of Religion is generally regarded as a reductionist project, in which religion is traced to its universal natural roots in the passions and imagination. This interpretation neglects: Hume's view that humankind is social by nature, which implies that any naturalist explanation of religion cannot appeal to facts about individual minds alone, and Hume's interest in religion as it concerns religion's effects on morality and society, effects that occur within socio-historical contexts. Religion is generated out of universal propensities, (...)
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  40. Revisiting Reid on Religion.Todd Buras - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (3):261-274.
    This paper answers two interpretive questions surrounding belief in God in Thomas Reid’s philosophy, the status question and the detachability question. The former has to do with the type of justification Reid assigns to belief in God – immediate or mediate. The later question is whether anything philosophically significant depends on his belief in God. I argue that, for Reid, belief in God is immediately justified and integral to some parts of his system. Reid’s response to skepticism about God is (...)
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  41. Recasting Hume and Early Modern Philosophy: Selected Essays.Paul Russell - 2021 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    In this collection of essays, philosopher Paul Russell addresses major figures and central topics of the history of early modern philosophy. Most of these essays are studies on the philosophy of David Hume, one of the great figures in the history of philosophy. One central theme, connecting many of the essays, concerns Hume's fundamental irreligious intentions. Russell argues that a proper appreciation of the significance of Hume's irreligious concerns, which runs through his whole philosophy, serves to discredit the deeply entrenched (...)
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  42. Hutcheson's Theory of Obligation.Michael Walschots - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (2):121-142.
    In this article I argue that Hutcheson has a theory of obligation that is different in important ways from the views of his predecessors and that his theory may not be as problematic as critics have claimed. In section (I) I sketch a brief picture of the rich conceptual landscape surrounding the concept of obligation in the Early Modern period. I focus on the five figures Hutcheson explicitly references: Hugo Grotius, Samuel Pufendorf, their French translator and commentator Jean Barbeyrac, as (...)
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  43. Hume's Rhetorical Strategy: Three Views.Daryl Ooi - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (3):243–259.
    In the Fragment on Evil, Hume announces that he “shall not employ any rhetoric in a philosophical argument, where reason alone ought to be hearkened to.” To employ the rhetorical strategy, in the context of the Fragment, just is to “enumerate all the evils, incident to human life, and display them, with eloquence, in their proper colours.” However, in Part 11 of the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Hume employs precisely this rhetorical strategy. I discuss three interpretations that might account for (...)
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  44. Hume's Rhetorical Strategy: Three Views.Daryl Ooi - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (19):243–259.
    In the Fragment on Evil, Hume announces that he “shall not employ any rhetoric in a philosophical argument, where reason alone ought to be hearkened to.” To employ the rhetorical strategy, in the context of the Fragment, just is to “enumerate all the evils, incident to human life, and display them, with eloquence, in their proper colours.” However, in Part 11 of the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Hume employs precisely this rhetorical strategy. I discuss three interpretations that might account for (...)
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  45. Edmund Burke, "Tre memoriali sulla questione francese".Giacomo Maria Arrigo - 2021 - Roma RM, Italia: Aracne Editrice.
    In "Tre memoriali sulla questione francese" Edmund Burke prosegue la sua polemica con la Rivoluzione francese. I tre memoriali, datati rispettivamente 1791, 1792 e 1793 ma resi pubblici postumi nel 1797, rappresentano un’energica esortazione di Burke rivolta al governo inglese per contrastare l’immobilismo del primo ministro William Pitt il Giovane ed entrare così in guerra contro la Francia rivoluzionaria. Nel primo memoriale è contenuta la celebre espressione «It is a Revolution of doctrine and theoretick dogma». Due gli argomenti principali degli (...)
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  46. Mary Shepherd's 'Threefold Variety of Intellect' and its role in improving education.Manuel Fasko - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (3):185–201.
    The aims of this paper are twofold. First, I offer a new insight into Shepherd’s theory of mind by demonstrating that she distinguishes a threefold ‘Variety of Intellect’, that is, three kinds of minds grouped according to their cognitive limitations. Following Shepherd, I call them (i) minds afflicted with idiocy, (ii) inferior understandings, and (iii) sound understandings. Second, I show how Shepherd’s distinction informs her theory of education. While Shepherd claims that her views serve to improve educational practices, she does (...)
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  47. Ryan Patrick Hanley, Our Great Purpose: Adam Smith on Living a Better Life.Farhad Rassekh - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (2):168-172.
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  48. Hutcheson's Contentious Sense of Honour.Bihotz Barrenechea - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (2):145-163.
    The moral sense is at the heart of Hutcheson's system. Its prominent role in this philosopher's morals and posterior commentary eclipses the rest of the senses, but there is at least one sense that deserves more attention in scholarship: the sense of honour. The reason the sense of honour, and its subordination to the moral sense, is attention-worthy is that it combats Mandeville's idea of honour as artifice. First, I flesh out the tension between pride and the moral sense and (...)
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  49. Alexander Broadie (ed.), Scottish Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century.Bonnie Soper - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (2):172-177.
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  50. Samuel Fleischacker, Being Me Being You: Adam Smith and Empathy.Colin Heydt - 2021 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 19 (2):165-168.
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