Business Ethics

Edited by Joakim Sandberg (Göteborgs Universitet)
About this topic
Summary Business ethics is the application of ethical theories and concepts to activity within and between commercial enterprises, and between commercial enterprises and their broader environment. It is a wide range of activity, and no brief list can be made of the issues it raises. The safety of working practices; the fairness of recruitment; the transparency of financial accounting; the promptness of payments to suppliers; the degree of permissible aggression between competitors: all come within the range of the subject. So do relations between businesses and consumers, local communities, national governments, and ecosystems. Many, but not all, of these issues can be understood to bear on distinct, recognized groups with their own stakes in a business: employees, shareholders, consumers, and so on. A central question concerns how businesses ought to weigh the interests of different stakeholders against each other; particularly what moral import to give to profit-making (presumably in the interest of shareholders in large corporations).
Key works Much of business ethics starts from Milton Friedman's provocative article "The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Profits" (reprinted in Snoeyenbos et al 2001, Jennings 2002, ...). Some well-cited expressions of alternative views are Freeman 1994...
Introductions Some introductions by Snoeyenbos et al 2001, Shaw 2002.
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  1. Progressive Pricing: The Ethical Case for Price Personalization.Jerod Coker & Jean-Manuel Izaret - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-12.
    Price discrimination is widely considered unethical/unfair by consumers, as has been borne out by decades of psychological research and mainstream press reporting. However, little academic work has been done to investigate the ethics of price discrimination. The work that has been done to date concludes that while price discrimination is not unethical, despite widespread lay perceptions, it is at best morally neutral. We argue price discrimination is more ethical than unitary pricing, when done ‘progressively,’ meaning firms charge customers as a (...)
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  2. Review of Evidence-Based Management: How to Make Better Organizational Decisions by Eric Barends and Denise Rousseau: Kogan Page Limited, New York, 2018, 356 pp., ISBN 978 0 7494 8374 6. [REVIEW]John F. Hulpke & Michael P. Fronmueller - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):417-419.
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  3. CEO Hubris and Firm Pollution: A Tricky Relationship.Maximilian H. Theissen & Hubertus H. Theissen - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):411-416.
    This article comments on the recent study “CEO hubris and firm pollution: state and market contingencies in a transitional economy” of Zhang et al. :459–478, 2020) in this journal. We very much appreciate the valuable initiative of Zhang et al. to study the potential effect of CEO characteristics on corporate pollution. At the same time, we are concerned with the authors’ interpretation of the regression results and their operationalization of CEO hubris. We hope to contribute to the literature on managerial (...)
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  4. Addressing the Ethical Challenge of Market Inclusion in Base-of-the-Pyramid Markets: A Macromarketing Approach.Anaka Aiyar & Srinivas Venugopal - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):243-260.
    Making transformative services such as healthcare accessible to low-income consumers is an ethical challenge of vital importance to marketers. However, most low-income consumers across the world are excluded from the market for such transformative services because of financial constraints arising from poverty. In this paper, instead of focusing on the micro-interplay between firms and consumers, we examine the macro-interplay among firms, consumers, and public policy in addressing the ethical challenge of market inclusion at the base of the pyramid. Specifically, we (...)
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  5. Emancipatory Ethical Social Media Campaigns: Fostering Relationship Harmony and Peace.Arsalan Mujahid Ghouri, Pervaiz Akhtar, Maya Vachkova, Muhammad Shahbaz, Aviral Kumar Tiwari & Dayananda Palihawadana - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):287-300.
    While emancipatory ethical social media campaigns play an imperative role for fostering relationship and facilitating peace, limited research has examined the motivational response from peace-promoting viral videos. This research scrutinizes the effects of a viral video titled “Peace Anthem”: a mash-up between Pakistani and Indian national anthems, performed by famous artists and broadcasted in the wake of Independence Day in India and Pakistan. We examine the effect of listening to the anthem medley on relationship harmony using a longitudinal study design (...)
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  6. Freedom of the Will and Consumption Restrictions.Ronald Paul Hill - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):311-324.
    There is a long-standing interest in business ethics around the concept of free will, but study of its possible influence on consumer behavior is only in the nascent stage. This lack of research is particularly acute in certain consumption contexts, especially ones based on highly restricted access that appear to suggest abrogation of the will. In this paper, we offer a novel approach that involves reexamination of qualitative/ethnographic research that has chronicled consumption restrictions without consideration of potential implications for free (...)
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  7. ‘Freedom Through Marketing’ Is Not Doublespeak.Haseeb Shabbir, Michael R. Hyman, Dianne Dean & Stephan Dahl - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):227-241.
    The articles comprising this thematic symposium suggest options for exploring the nexus between freedom and unfreedom, as exemplified by the British abolitionists’ anti-slavery campaign and the paradox of freedom. Each article has implications for how these abolitionists achieved their goals, social activists’ efforts to secure reparations for slave ancestors, and modern slavery. We present the abolitionists’ undertaking as a marketing campaign, highlighting the role of instilling moral agency and indignation through re-humanizing the dehumanized. Despite this campaign’s eventual success, its post-emancipation (...)
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  8. An Ethical Marketing Approach to Wicked Problems: Macromarketing for the Common Good.Thomas G. Pittz, Susan D. Steiner & Julia R. Pennington - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):301-310.
    Macromarketing attempts to address issues that engage marketing and society and previous ethical scholarship has focused on distributive justice and on exchanges that occur in conventional markets. As our research highlights, however, the distributive justice approach alone is insufficient for managing the complexities, ethical paradoxes, and out-of-market conditions associated with wicked, cross-national social concerns. In this article, we integrate macromarketing with the theory of the common good in order to provide a foundation for framing societal change that can encompass nonmarket (...)
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  9. Pathways to Civic Engagement with Big Social Issues: An Integrated Approach.Dionysis Skarmeas, Constantinos N. Leonidou, Charalampos Saridakis & Giuseppe Musarra - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):261-285.
    Individual actions designed to address issues of public concern is a common theme in the discourse on how to mobilize resources and target efforts toward sustainable practices. We contribute to this area by developing and empirically validating a multidimensional scale for civic engagement; synthesizing and testing the adequacy of the theory of planned behavior and the value–belief–norm theory in explaining civic engagement; and considering how an individual’s orientation, identity, and beliefs motivate moral thinking and action. The focus is on the (...)
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  10. Leveraging “Green” Human Resource Practices to Enable Environmental and Organizational Performance: Evidence From the Qatari Oil and Gas Industry.Shatha M. Obeidat, Anas A. Al Bakri & Said Elbanna - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):371-388.
    Despite the theoretically important role of green human resource management, relatively little research has been discovered so far about this role particularly in the Oil and Gas industry. We contribute to fill this gap by developing and testing a set of hypotheses to provide a first attempt at analyzing the antecedents and outcomes of green HRM practices in the Qatari Oil and Gas industry. Data were collected from 144 managers and analyzed using Partial least squares. The analysis shows that both (...)
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  11. Seeing Versus Doing: How Businesses Manage Tensions in Pursuit of Sustainability.Jay Joseph, Helen Borland, Marc Orlitzky & Adam Lindgreen - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):349-370.
    Management of organizational tensions can facilitate the simultaneous advancement of economic, social, and environmental priorities. The approach is based on managers identifying and managing tensions between the three priorities, by employing one of the three strategic responses. Although recent work has provided a theoretical basis for such tension acknowledgment and management, there is a dearth of empirical studies. We interviewed 32 corporate sustainability managers across 25 forestry and wood-products organizations in Australia. Study participants were divided into two groups: those considered (...)
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  12. Voluntary Engagement in Environmental Projects: Evidence From Environmental Violators.Gladys Lee & Xinning Xiao - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):325-348.
    An important question in the business ethics literature concerns organizational response in the aftermath of an unethical business practice. This study examines factors affecting firms’ decision to take reparative action in the aftermath of an environmental violation. Specifically, we investigate environmental violators’ decision to undertake a Supplemental Environmental Project, which is an initiative that promotes restorative justice. To settle an environmental violation, the United States’ environmental regulator allows offenders the option of either paying the full penalty or a reduced sum (...)
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  13. Multinational Enterprise Strategies for Addressing Sustainability: The Need for Consolidation.Roger Leonard Burritt, Katherine Leanne Christ, Hussain Gulzar Rammal & Stefan Schaltegger - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):389-410.
    This paper examines the growing number of publications on multinational enterprise management of sustainability issues. Based on an integrative literature review and thematic analysis, the paper analyses and synthesises the current state of knowledge about main issues arising. Key issues identified include the following: choice of sustainability strategies; management of the views of headquarters towards sustainability; local cultural sustainability perspectives in developed and developing host countries; MNEs with home in developing/emerging countries; and resource availability for implementing sustainability initiatives. Findings indicate (...)
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  14. Review of Management Scholarship and Organisational Change: Representing Burns and Stalker by Miriam Green: Routledge, 2019, 196 Pp., ISBN: 978-1138698383. [REVIEW]Ivo De Loo - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (2):217-221.
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  15. Moral Disagreements in Business.Paul Griseri - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (2):223-227.
    This article is a book review of ‘Moral Disagreements in Business’ by Marian Eabrasu, published by Springer 2019 134 pp.
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  16. Ordoliberalism 2.0: Towards a New Regulatory Policy for the Digital Age.Manuel Wörsdörfer - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (2):191-215.
    In the light of several ongoing antitrust investigations in the E.U. and the U.S., the following research paper analyzes whether ‘big tech’ – same as the big banks – need special regulatory attention and if so, how an updated form of regulatory policy for the digital era could look like. It does so by utilizing – and reviving – the normative and business -ethical ideals of German ‘neoliberalism’, also known as ordoliberalism. Especially, Walter Eucken’s work has the potential to inform (...)
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  17. Circular Economy as Fictional Expectation to Overcome Societal Addictions. Where Do We Stand?Roberta De Angelis & Giancarlo Ianulardo - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (2):133-153.
    Circular economy thinking has become the subject of academic enquiry across several disciplines recently. Yet whilst its technical and business angles are more widely discussed, its philosophical underpinnings and socio-economic implications are insufficiently investigated. In this article, we aim to contribute to their understanding by uncovering the circular economy role in shaping a new vision, highlighting the social and economic dimensions of future imaginaries and the mechanisms that can enable them to bring about change in the social context. We believe (...)
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  18. Virtue’s Embodied Malleability: The Plasticity of Habit and the Double-Law of Habituation.Michael Pedersen & Stephen Dunne - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (2):155-172.
    This paper urges contemporary Business Ethicists to reconsider the relationship between habit and virtue in the light of recent debates between contemporary philosophers and scientists. Synthesizing insights from current Neuroscience, from twentieth century American Pragmatism and from nineteenth century French Aristotelianism, this emergent intellectual tradition proposes a dynamic account of habit’s embodiment which we will first describe and then advocate. Two recurring suggestions within this habit renaissance are of particular relevance to Business Ethicists: firstly, that there is a ‘plastic’ structure (...)
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  19. What Is (Business) Management? Laying the Ground for a Philosophy of Management.Vincent Blok - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 19 (2):173-189.
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  20. On Becoming and Being an Ethical Leader: A Platonic Interpretation.Stelios Zyglidopoulos - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-11.
    The question of whether ethical individuals have a disadvantage in becoming leaders is an important one that has not been adequately discussed in the business ethics/leadership literature. In this paper, drawing on Plato’s middle dialogues and particularly on the Republic, I develop a Platonic framework of the constraints that might hinder the emergence of what the dialogues term ‘philosopher kings’. Subsequently, I use this framework to elucidate the emergence of ethical leaders in todays’ organizations and conclude with a discussion of (...)
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  21. Creating Shared Value Meets Human Rights: A Sense-Making Perspective in Small-Scale Firms.Elisa Giuliani, Annamaria Tuan & José Calvimontes Cano - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-17.
    How do firms make sense of creating shared value projects? In their sense-making processes, do they extend the meaning spectrum to include human rights? What are the dominant cognitive frames through which firms make sense of CSV projects, and are some frames more likely to have transformative power? We pose these questions in the context of small-scale firms in a low-to-middle income country—a context where CSV policies have been promoted extensively over the last decade in the expectation of improved economic (...)
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  22. Analyzing the Inter-Relation Between Workplace Spirituality and Constructive Deviance.Naval Garg & Anubhuti Saxena - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):121-141.
    Researchers advocate that workplace spirituality has the potential to increase “constructive deviant behavior” among employees across different types of organizations and professions by engaging individuals in meaningful ways. This research examines the link between workplace spirituality and constructive deviant behavior. Literature on the issue of workplace spirituality suggests that meaningful work has the potential to increase positive organizational outcomes. This study was carried out on a purposively selected sample of 152 managers from the oil and gas industry in India. The (...)
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  23. Investigation of Ethical Dilemmas of School Principals: Comparing Turkish and Canadian Principals.Engin Karadag & Esra Tekel - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):73-92.
    Increasingly complex working environments of school principals inevitably led them to face moral dilemmas in daily life. The aim of this research is to reveal which kinds of moral dilemmas principals fall into mostly, how principals follow the road to making decisions in the moral dilemmas, and if the nature of management affects the decision-making process of their moral dilemmas or not. For data collection process snowball sampling was used. Semi-structured interviews and vignettes which were designed by researchers were used (...)
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  24. An Examination of Labor Unions and Firm’s Tax Ethical Behavior in the USA.Hong Weng Lei, Chansog Kim & Raymond M. K. Wong - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):93-120.
    Prior research finds that firms with strong business ethics are less likely to be tax aggressive. Labor union is one of the key stakeholders influencing firm’s tax aggressive behavior, whereas the bargaining process between labor union and firms exhibits ethical dilemma. Although industry-wide labor union coverage is commonly used in prior study to explore the monitoring role of labor unions in constraining management’s aggressive financial and tax decisions of their associated firms, we argue that firm-specific labor unions, which represent a (...)
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  25. Exploring the Organizational Factors Affecting Salesforce Ethical Behavior: A Review-Based Article.Zoha Fatima - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):29-45.
    The selling environment is becoming more and more competitive and organizations are trying to gain edge over the other companies. Producing quality goods is not enough. In such a scenario, organizations are trying to make improvements in their salesforce which can be made by making them more ethical. Therefore, it becomes important for the organization to know the factors affecting salesforce ethical behavior. This paper makes an attempt in this regard and explores the organizational antecedents of salesforce ethical behavior. The (...)
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  26. How to Avoid Coworker Relationship Conflict: A Study of Leader-Member Exchange, Value Congruence, and Workplace Behavior.Conna Yang - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):47-71.
    Recent studies have documented the relationship of leadership behavior with employee performance and workplace behaviors. Yet, little attention has been directed at the impact of leadership behavior on the aspects of workplace behaviors such as value congruence and relationship conflict. The goal of this study is to examine the influence of leader-member exchange regarding the outcomes of relationship conflict, organizational commitment, and citizenship behavior among employees with value congruence as a moderator. Data was collected using an online questionnaire with a (...)
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  27. Remarks on “Role of Retaliation and Value Orientation in Whistleblowing Intentions” by Dhamija & Rai.Sebastian Oelrich - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):23-27.
    I comment on some mistakes made my Dhamija and Rai in their paper “Role of retaliation and value orientation in whistleblowing intentions.” They fail to correctly interpret the overall model statistics, the F-test, which shows that some of their models have no explanatory power. I explain and give examples to readers on how to avoid this in the future. In addition, I give some suggestions on improving on this, additional issues, as well as an alternative means to interpret the results.
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  28. How Consumer Perceived Ethicality Influence Repurchase Intentions and Word-of-Mouth? A Mediated Moderation Model.Syed Hamad Hassan Shah, Shen Lei, Syed Talib Hussain & Syeda Mariam - 2020 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):1-21.
    Ethical consumerism has been dramatically increasing in recent decades, but in service sector, fewer research has been conducted especially in the fast-food industry. In this paper, we determined empirically the consumer perceived ethicality effects on repurchase intentions as well as on word of mouth through brand image partial mediation and customer expertise moderation in fast-food sector. The data were collected from 307 consumers of the fast-food restaurants through self-administered questionnaires. Common method variance and social desirability bias were measured before testing (...)
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  29. Artefacts, Surprise and Managing During Disaster: Object-Oriented Ontological and Assemblage-Theoretic Insights.James Reveley - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
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  30. COVID, Existentialism and Crisis Philosophy.Wim Vandekerckhove - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
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  31. Six Actionable Canons for Rationality in Strategy Practice.Roeland van Straten - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
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  32. Torn Between Legal Claiming and Privatized Remedy: Rights Mobilization Against Gold Mining in Chile.Rajiv Maher, David Monciardini & Steffen Böhm - forthcoming - Business Ethics Quarterly:1-38.
    ABSTRACT Many academic authors, policy makers, NGOs, and corporations have focused on top-down human rights global norm-making, such as the United Nations Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights. What is often missing are contextual and substantive analyses that interrogate rights mobilization and linkages between voluntary transnational rules and domestic governance. Deploying a socio-legal approach and using a combination of longitudinal field and archival data, this article investigates how a local, indigenous community in Northern Chile mobilized their rights over a (...)
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  33. The Quest for Verticality: An Inquiry Into the Infinite Nature of Self-Perfection.Prashant Kumar Singh - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
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  34. Pricing Medicine Fairly.Robert C. Hughes - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
    Recently, dramatic price increases by several pharmaceutical companies have provoked public outrage. These scandals raise questions both about how pharmaceutical firms should be regulated and about how pharmaceutical executives ethically ought to make pricing decisions when drug prices are largely unregulated. Though there is an extensive literature on the regulatory question, the ethical question has been largely unexplored. This article defends a Kantian approach to the ethics of pharmaceutical pricing in an unregulated market. To the extent possible, pharmaceutical companies must (...)
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  35. CSR Governance Framework of South Africa, Pre, During and Post Apartheid: A Manifestation of Ubuntu Values.Esinath Ndiweni & Welcome Sibanda - 2020 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 14 (4):1.
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  36. Twitter Presence and Experience Improve Corporate Social Responsibility Outcomes.Siva K. Balasubramanian, Yiwei Fang & Zihao Yang - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-21.
    We investigate the role of social-media-triggered public pressure on corporate social responsibility that includes expectations of transparency and accountability on the firm’s part, and participative/evaluative inputs on the public’s part. Using the date when S&P 500 firms established corporate Twitter accounts, we investigate the impact of corporate social media exposure on CSR outcomes. Results from baseline regressions indicate that firms with Twitter accounts significantly outperform industry peers in CSR rating, after controlling for firm and industry characteristics. To test potential reverse (...)
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  37. Punishing Politeness: The Role of Language in Promoting Brand Trust.Aparna Sundar & Edita S. Cao - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):39-60.
    Morality is an abstract consideration, and language is an important regulator of abstract thought. In instances of moral ambiguity, individuals may pay particular attention to matters of interactional justice. Politeness in language has been linked to greater perceptions of social distance, which we contend is instrumental in regulating attitudes toward a brand. We posit that politeness in a brand’s advertising will impact consumers who are attuned to violations of interactional justice [i.e., those with low belief in a just world ]. (...)
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  38. Coalitions and Public Action in the Reshaping of Corporate Responsibility: The Case of the Retail Banking Industry.Marta de la Cuesta-González, Julie Froud & Daniel Tischer - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-20.
    This paper addresses the question of whether and how public action via civil society and/or government can meaningfully shape industry-wide corporate responsibility behaviour. We explore how, in principle, ICR can come about and what conditions might be effective in promoting more ethical behaviour. We propose a framework to understand attempts to develop more responsible behaviour at an industry level through processes of negotiation and coalition building. We suggest that any attempt to meaningfully influence ICR would require stakeholders to possess both (...)
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  39. Should Financial Gatekeepers Be Publicly Traded?Haozhi Huang, Mingsheng Li & Jing Shi - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):175-200.
    We investigate how a broker firm’s initial public offering affects its analysts’ fiduciary duty of providing independent and objective recommendations. We find that the analysts of newly listed broker firms issue more positively biased recommendations in the first 2 to 3 years after their employers’ IPO than before the IPO. The increase in the recommendation bias is greater among analysts of affiliated brokers and brokers that raise additional capital after their IPO than among other analysts. Newly listed broker firms experience (...)
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  40. The Role of Precontractual Signals in Creating Sustainable Global Supply Chains.Robert C. Bird & Vivek Soundararajan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):81-94.
    Global supply chains enhance value, but are subject to governance problems and encourage evasive practices that deter sustainability, especially in developing countries. This article proposes that the precontractual environment, where parties are interested in trade but have not yet negotiated formal terms, can enable a unique process for building long-term sustainable relations. We argue that precontractual signals based on relation-specific investments, promises of repeated exchange, and reassuring cheap talk can be leveraged in precontract by the power of framing. We show (...)
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  41. The Influence of Ethical Codes of Conduct on Professionalism in Tax Practice.Darius Fatemi, John Hasseldine & Peggy Hite - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):133-149.
    Professional integrity is a fundamental principle of the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants Code of Ethics. This does not apply directly to members of a particular professional body, but rather member organizations from around the globe are required to adopt a code no less stringent than the principles in the IESBA Code. Hence, all professional accountants are required to possess integrity as a core ethical principle. In the USA, certified public accountants must, in addition, also adhere to the principle (...)
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  42. Navigating Embeddedness: Experiences of Indian IT Suppliers and Employees in the Netherlands.Ernesto Noronha, Premilla D’Cruz & Muneeb Ul Lateef Banday - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):95-113.
    In this article, we shift the usual analytical attention of the GPN framework from lead firms to suppliers in the network and from production to IT services. Our focus is on how Indian IT suppliers embed in the Netherlands along the threefold characterization of societal, territorial and network embeddedness. We argue that Indian IT suppliers attempt to display societal embeddedness when they move to The Netherlands. Our findings reveal that the endeavour by Indian IT suppliers to territorially dis-embed from the (...)
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  43. Promoting Ethical Reflection in the Teaching of Social Entrepreneurship: A Proposal Using Religious Parables.Nuria Toledano - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):115-132.
    This paper proposes a teaching alternative that can encourage the ethical reflective sensibility among students of social entrepreneurship. It does so by exploring the possibility of using religious parables as narratives that can be analysed from Ricoeur’s hermeneutics to provoke and encourage ethical discussions in social entrepreneurship courses. To illustrate this argument, the paper makes use of a parable from the New Testament as an example of a religious narrative that can be used to prompt discussions about social entrepreneurs’ ethical (...)
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  44. Guanxi or Justice? An Empirical Study of WeChat Voting.Yanju Zhou, Yi Yu, Xiaohong Chen & Xiongwei Zhou - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):201-225.
    WeChat is not only a mobile application with many innovative features but is also representative of China’s electronic revolution. It is compatible with more than 90% of smart phones and has become an indispensable tool for daily use. People are captivated by various types of WeChat voting and canvassing activities, but little research has investigated whether such voting is based on guanxi or justice. Are people truly willing to vote on WeChat? Is WeChat voting an effective means of acquaintance marketing? (...)
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  45. Local Gambling Norms and Audit Pricing.Jeffrey L. Callen & Xiaohua Fang - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):151-173.
    This study investigates whether local gambling norms are associated with audit pricing. Using a religion-based measure of local social gambling norms, we find strong evidence that public firms located in U.S. counties with more liberal gambling norms exhibit higher levels of audit fees. This result is consistent with our view that, as an important external risk factor, clients’ local gambling norms influence audit pricing decisions. Our findings are robust to a battery of sensitivity tests, including non-religion based measures of liberal (...)
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  46. An Analysis of Glass Ceiling Perceptions in the Accounting Profession.Jeffrey R. Cohen, Derek W. Dalton, Lori L. Holder-Webb & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):17-38.
    Access to a deep pool of talent is essential to the success of every professional services firm. The supply of that talent is contingent upon the available rewards for the exercise of that talent, and both the existence of the potential rewards and the beliefs that individuals hold about the existence of the rewards affect the decision to remain in the field. One structural factor that may affect the judgment about whether to remain in a profession concerns promotions based on (...)
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  47. Does Humour Influence Perceptions of the Ethicality of Female-Disparaging Advertising?Vassiliki Grougiou, George Balabanis & Danae Manika - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):1-16.
    This article responds to calls for further research on ethical issues in advertising. The study examines whether advertising strategies which use female-disparaging themes are perceived as ethical, and what effect this has on ad and brand attitudes. It also examines whether or not humour assuages ethical evaluations of female-disparaging ads. The findings from an experimental research design, which included 336 British respondents, show that non-disparaging and non-humorous ads are considered to be the most ethical, while disparaging ads are considered the (...)
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  48. Ethics Education in the Qualification of Professional Accountants: Insights from Australia and New Zealand.Andrew West & Sherrena Buckby - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):61-80.
    This paper investigates how ethics is incorporated in the qualification process for prospective professional accountants across Australia and New Zealand. It does so by examining the structure of these qualification processes and by analysing the learning objectives and summarised content for ethics courses that prospective accountants take either at university or through the post-degree programs provided by CPA Australia and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand. We do this to understand how the ‘sandwich’ approach to teaching ethics :77–92, 1993) is (...)
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  49. De-Escalate Commitment? Firm Responses to the Threat of Negative Reputation Spillovers From Alliance Partners’ Environmental Misconduct.Anne Norheim-Hansen & Pierre-Xavier Meschi - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-18.
    When faced with the threat of negative reputation spillover from an alliance partner accused of environmental misconduct, the focal firm must decide whether to adopt a supportive or non-supportive response. We argue that this decision denotes a commitment escalation dilemma, but that factors previously found to increase escalation tendencies lead to de-escalation in our crisis contagion context. Specifically, we derive four hypotheses from this reverse effect proposition, and test these using a policy-capturing survey targeting Norwegian CEOs. We found that firms (...)
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  50. The Role of Risk Climate and Ethical Self-Interest Climate in Predicting Unethical Pro-Organisational Behaviour.Elizabeth Sheedy, Patrick Garcia & Denise Jepsen - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-20.
    Unethical pro-organisational behaviour is an ongoing concern, prompting the need for more nuanced understanding of the workplace environment most likely to inhibit it. This study considers the role of risk climate, sometimes referred to as risk culture, as well as ethical climate, for reducing UPB. The study investigates whether four risk climate factors can, by focusing on the long-term consequences of UPB to the organisation, and providing guidance on behavioural norms, reduce UPB misconduct. Surveying employees in three financial institutions we (...)
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