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  1. Paediatric Oncology Patients’ Definitions of a Good Physician and Good Nurse.Elif Aşikli & Rahime Aydin Er - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973302096149.
    Background: It is stated that the communication and disease experiences of paediatric patients, especially paediatric oncology patients, with healthcare professionals are completely different from those of adults. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the definitions of a good physician and good nurse provided by elementary school-age oncology patients. Research design: In this qualitative research, data were collected through semi-structured individual interviews. The data were evaluated thorough thematic analysis. Participants and research context: Eighteen children hospitalised due to cancer (...)
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  2. Costa, Cancer and Coronavirus: Contractualism as a Guide to the Ethics of Lockdown.Stephen David John & Emma J. Curran - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-107103.
    Lockdown measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic involve placing huge burdens on some members of society for the sake of benefiting other members of society. How should we decide when these policies are permissible? Many writers propose we should address this question using cost-benefit analysis, a broadly consequentialist approach. We argue for an alternative non-consequentialist approach, grounded in contractualist moral theorising. The first section sets up key issues in the ethics of lockdown, and sketches the apparent appeal of addressing (...)
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  3. Cancer Virus Hunters: A History of Tumor Virology.Gregory J. Morgan - forthcoming - Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    In Cancer Virus Hunters, Gregory J. Morgan traces the high points in the development of tumor virology, from Peyton Rous's pioneering work on chicken tumors in 1909 to the successful development of an HPV vaccine for cervical cancer in 2006. Morgan offers a novel approach to understanding the interconnectedness of a long series of biomedical breakthroughs, including those that led to seven Nobel prizes. Among other advances, Morgan describes and contextualizes the science that prompted the discoveries of reverse transcriptase, RNA (...)
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  4. Emotional Experience and Type of Communication in Oncological Children and Their Mothers: Hearing Their Testimonies Through Interviews.Paula Barrios, Ileana Enesco & Elena Varea - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The emotional experience and the type of communication about cancer within the family are important factors for successful coping with pediatric oncology. The main purpose is to study mother’s and children’s emotional experiences concerning cancer, whether they communicate openly about the disease, and relationships between the type of communication and the different emotions expressed by the children. Fifty-two cancer patients aged 6–14 years and their mothers were interviewed in separate sessions about the two central themes of the study: emotional experiences (...)
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  5. Clinical Decisions Using AI Must Consider Patient Values.Jonathan Birch, Kathleen A. Creel, Abhinav K. Jha & Anya Plutynski - 2022 - Nature Medicine 28:229–232.
    Built-in decision thresholds for AI diagnostics are ethically problematic, as patients may differ in their attitudes about the risk of false-positive and false-negative results, which will require that clinicians assess patient values.
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  6. The Impact of the Epidemiological Situation Resulting From COVID-19 Pandemic on Selected Aspects of Mental Health Among Patients With Cancer–Silesia Province.Mateusz Grajek & Agnieszka Białek-Dratwa - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    ObjectiveThe study aimed to assess the level of disease acceptance as well as the wellbeing and emotions that accompany cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.Materials and MethodsThe study involved 1,000 patients of the oncology centers. The following questionnaires were used for the study: WHO-5–Well-Being Index, BDI–Beck Depression Inventory, disease acceptance scale, and proprietary multiple-choice questions regarding the impact of the epidemic situation on the respondents’ lives so far. The questionnaire study was conducted twice: in March-October 2020 and March-October 2021. The (...)
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  7. Retaining Hope While Respecting Patients’ Presumed Wishes: How Substituted Judgement Can Help.Natalie Karine Hardy & Nico Nortje - 2022 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 5 (1).
    It is not uncommon for families to wait in hopes of receiving test results that show a treatable mutation, such as in the case of lung cancer. Waiting for such test results can distract families from focusing on a patient’s current pain and suffering, especially when families experience heightened emotions and anticipatory grief. The substituted judgement standard can be helpful in resolving ethical dilemmas by encouraging families to think about what decision a patient would have made if competent, thus preventing (...)
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  8. The Burden of the Pain: Adverse Mental Health Outcomes of COVID-19 in Women With and Without Cancer.Lucilla Lanzoni, Eleonora Brivio, Serena Oliveri, Paolo Guiddi, Mariam Chichua, Ketti Mazzocco & Gabriella Pravettoni - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic had a negative psychological impact on the population at scale, yet it is possible that vulnerable patient populations may experience a heavier burden with increased feelings of anxiety and distress. Cancer patients have to trade-off between the fear of exposing themselves to the virus and the need to continue life-saving medical procedures. The present study investigated the prevalence of generalized anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms in a population of Italian cancer patients and healthy participants in (...)
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  9. Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Perceived Ability to Cope With Trauma Scale in Portuguese Patients With Breast Cancer.Raquel Lemos, Beatriz Costa, Diana Frasquilho, Sílvia Almeida, Berta Sousa & Albino J. Oliveira-Maia - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundThe impact of a cancer diagnosis may be traumatic, depending on the psychological resources used by patients. Appropriate coping strategies are related to better adaptation to the disease, with coping flexibility, corresponding to the ability to replace ineffective coping strategies, demonstrated to be highly related with self-efficacy to handle trauma. The Perceived Ability to Cope with Trauma scale is a self-rated questionnaire that assesses the perceived ability to cope with potentially traumatic events, providing a measure of coping flexibility. The current (...)
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  10. Liminality: A major category of the experience of cancer illness.Miles Little, Christopher F. C. Jordens, Kim Paul, Kathleen Montgomery & Bertil Philipson - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 19 (1):37-48.
    Narrative analysis is well established as a means of examining the subjective experience of those who suffer chronic illness and cancer. In a study of perceptions of the outcomes of treatment of cancer of the colon, we have been struck by the consistency with which patients record three particular observations of their subjective experience: the immediate impact of the cancer diagnosis and a persisting identification as a cancer patient, regardless of the time since treatment and of the presence or absence (...)
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  11. Parental Cancer: Acceptance and Usability of an Information Booklet for Affected Parents.Leslie Melchiors, Wiebke Geertz & Laura Inhestern - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundParents affected by cancer are confronted with challenges such as communicating with their children about the disease and dealing with changes in their parental role. Providing appropriate information could support affected parents and their children. Still, high-quality and information booklets are rare. Therefore, we developed an information booklet for affected families. The study aims are: investigating the acceptability and usability of the information booklet, determining parental information needs, and collating suggestions for implementation. Finally, we adapted the booklet according to the (...)
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  12. Relation Between Social Support Received and Provided by Parents of Children, Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer and Stress Levels and Life and Family Satisfaction.Anabel Melguizo-Garín, Mª José Martos-Méndez, Isabel Hombrados-Mendieta & Iván Ruiz-Rodríguez - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionThe present study aims at analysing how social support received and provided by parents of children, adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cancer, as well as their sociodemographic and clinical variables, affect those parents’ stress levels and life and family satisfaction.Materials and MethodsA total of 112 parents of children and AYAs who had been diagnosed with cancer and who received treatment in Malaga participated in the study. In the study, participated all parents who voluntarily agreed to fulfil the questionnaire. The (...)
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  13. Influence of Psychological Factors in Breast and Lung Cancer Risk – A Systematic Review.Maria Angelina Pereira, António Araújo, Mário Simões & Catarina Costa - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Introduction: In 2020, according to the Global Cancer Observatory, nearly 10 million people died of cancer. Amongst all cancers, breast cancer had the highest number of new cases and lung cancer had the highest number of deaths. Even though the literatures suggest a possible connection between psychological factors and cancer risk, their association throughout studies remains inconclusive. The present systematic review studied the connection between psychological factors and the risk of breast and lung cancer, prior to a cancer diagnosis. The (...)
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  14. Qigong Training Positively Impacts Both Posture and Mood in Breast Cancer Survivors With Persistent Post-Surgical Pain: Support for an Embodied Cognition Paradigm.Ana Paula Quixadá, Jose G. V. Miranda, Kamila Osypiuk, Paolo Bonato, Gloria Vergara-Diaz, Jennifer A. Ligibel, Wolf Mehling, Evan T. Thompson & Peter M. Wayne - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Theories of embodied cognition hypothesize interdependencies between psychological well-being and physical posture. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of objectively measuring posture, and to explore the relationship between posture and affect and other patient centered outcomes in breast cancer survivors with persistent postsurgical pain over a 12-week course of therapeutic Qigong mind-body training. Twenty-one BCS with PPSP attended group Qigong training. Clinical outcomes were pain, fatigue, self-esteem, anxiety, depression, stress and exercise self-efficacy. Posture outcomes were vertical (...)
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  15. Coping With Changes to Sex and Intimacy After a Diagnosis of Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results From a Qualitative Investigation With Patients and Partners.Jennifer Barsky Reese, Lauren A. Zimmaro, Sarah McIlhenny, Kristen Sorice, Laura S. Porter, Alexandra K. Zaleta, Mary B. Daly, Beth Cribb & Jessica R. Gorman - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Objective:Prior research examining sexual and intimacy concerns among metastatic breast cancer patients and their intimate partners is limited. In this qualitative study, we explored MBC patients’ and partners’ experiences of sexual and intimacy-related changes and concerns, coping efforts, and information needs and intervention preferences, with a focus on identifying how the context of MBC shapes these experiences.Methods:We conducted 3 focus groups with partnered patients with MBC [N = 12; M age = 50.2; 92% White; 8% Black] and 6 interviews with (...)
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  16. The Importance of Social Support, Optimism and Resilience on the Quality of Life of Cancer Patients.Iván Ruiz-Rodríguez, Isabel Hombrados-Mendieta, Anabel Melguizo-Garín & María José Martos-Méndez - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionThe aim of the present study is to carry out a multidimensional analysis on the relation between satisfaction with social support received, resilience and optimism in cancer patients and their quality of life.Materials and MethodsData were gathered through questionnaires fulfilled by 142 cancer patients. Data relate to sociodemographic, health, quality of life, social support, resilience and optimism.ResultsSatisfaction with the sources and types of support, resilience and optimism relates positively with quality of life. Predictive models show that informational support from friends (...)
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  17. Emotional and Sexual Adaptation to Colon Cancer: Perceptual Congruence of Dyadic Coping Among Couples.Alexandra Stulz, Nicolas Favez & Cécile Flahault - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    ContextColon cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in the world. The diagnosis leads the patient and his relatives into a process of mourning for their health and previous life. The literature highlights the impact of the disease on couples. Cancer can either alter or strengthen the relationship. The disease will directly or indirectly affect both partners. Such impact starts with the diagnosis and lasts long after treatments. No study has analyzed both emotional and sexual interactions between partners throughout the (...)
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  18. Side Effects of Endocrine Therapy Are Associated With Depression and Anxiety in Breast Cancer Patients Accepting Endocrine Therapy: A Cross-Sectional Study in China.Rong Zhao, Hulin Liu & Jinnan Gao - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    ObjectiveHormone positive breast cancer patients bear side effects of endocrine therapy and that may be related to depression and anxiety. We sought to find an association between mental health and side effects of endocrine therapy.MethodsA total of 398 patients participated. Sociodemographic, disease profile, and side effects questionnaires were administered. We screened for depressive and anxiety disorders by using the SDS and SAS.ResultsThe prevalence of depression and anxiety in our study were 33.4% and 13.3%, respectively. Depression was linked to education level, (...)
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  19. A Systematic Review of Fear of Cancer Recurrence Among Indigenous and Minority Peoples.Kate Anderson, Allan ‘Ben' Smith, Abbey Diaz, Joanne Shaw, Phyllis Butow, Louise Sharpe, Afaf Girgis, Sophie Lebel, Haryana Dhillon, Linda Burhansstipanov, Boden Tighe & Gail Garvey - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    While cancer survivors commonly experience fear and anxiety, a substantial minority experience an enduring and debilitating fear that their cancer will return; a condition commonly referred to as fear of cancer recurrence. Despite recent advances in this area, little is known about FCR among people from Indigenous or other ethnic and racial minority populations. Given the high prevalence and poor outcomes of cancer among people from these populations, a robust understanding of FCR among people from these groups is critical. The (...)
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  20. Possible directions of meaning in oncological disease: an experience of liminality, meaning making and existential planning.Stefano Benini - 2021 - ENCYCLOPAIDEIA 25 (59):57-70.
    The oncological disease experience is counted as a wound in the body and mind attributable to a traumatic experience that fragments and disorients the person’s biography. The neoplasia leaves marks and scars in both somatic and existential level. The illness experience suggests to patient to look for meaning that cannot be unheard. The literature associating the concept of liminality in oncological disease to understand the process of meaning making. The definition of new horizons of meaning, generated by crossing the limen, (...)
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  21. Patients Living With Breast Cancer During the Coronavirus Pandemic: The Role of Family Resilience, Coping Flexibility, and Locus of Control on Affective Responses.Eleonora Brivio, Paolo Guiddi, Ludovica Scotto, Alice V. Giudice, Greta Pettini, Derna Busacchio, Florence Didier, Ketti Mazzocco & Gabriella Pravettoni - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has strongly affected oncology patients. Many screening and treatment programs have been postponed or canceled, and such patients also experience fear of increased risk of exposure to the virus. In many cases, locus of control, coping flexibility, and perception of a supportive environment, specifically family resilience, can allow for positive emotional outcomes for individuals managing complex health conditions like cancer. This study aims to determine if family resilience, coping flexibility, and locus of control can mitigate (...)
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  22. “Lights and Shadows”: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of the Lived Experience of Being Diagnosed With Breast Cancer During Pregnancy.Federica Facchin, Giovanna Scarfone, Giancarlo Tamanza, Silvia Ravani, Federica Francini, Fedro Alessandro Peccatori, Eugenia Di Loreto, Andrea Dell’Acqua & Emanuela Saita - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Cancer diagnosed during pregnancy is a rare event. The most common type of malignancy diagnosed in pregnant women is breast cancer, whose incidence is expected to raise in the next future due to delayed childbirth, as well as to the increased occurrence of the disease at young age. Pregnant women diagnosed with breast cancer are exposed to multiple sources of stress, which may lead to poorer obstetric outcomes, such as preterm birth and low birth weight. In addition, pregnancy involves physiological (...)
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  23. Feelings Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic Among Patients Treated in the Oncology Clinics.Mateusz Grajek, Eliza Działach, Marta Buczkowska, Michał Górski & Elzbieta Nowara - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: The number of cancer patients is constantly growing. Both WHO and IARC report that this number may reach up to 24 million new diagnosed cases in the next two decades. The proposed treatment and especially the diagnosis can have a significant impact on an individual's approach to the disease, as well as on the patient's quality of life.Objectives: The study aimed to assess the quality of life, feelings, and fear of cancer-treating oncological patients, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.Material (...)
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  24. Neuronal Effects of Listening to Entrainment Music Versus Preferred Music in Patients With Chronic Cancer Pain as Measured Via EEG and LORETA Imaging.Andrea McGraw Hunt, Jörg Fachner, Rachel Clark-Vetri, Robert B. Raffa, Carrie Rupnow-Kidd, Clemens Maidhof & Cheryl Dileo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Previous studies examining EEG and LORETA in patients with chronic pain discovered an overactivation of high theta and low beta power in central regions. MEG studies with healthy subjects correlating evoked nociception ratings and source localization described delta and gamma changes according to two music interventions. Using similar music conditions with chronic pain patients, we examined EEG in response to two different music interventions for pain. To study this process in-depth we conducted a mixed-methods case study approach, based on three (...)
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  25. The Child with Cancer: Blurring the Lines Between Research and Treatment.M. Kruger & N. Nortjé - 2021 - In Nico Nortjé & Johan C. Bester (eds.), Pediatric Ethics: Theory and Practice. Springer Verlag. pp. 379-386.
    This chapter focuses on the dual roleDual role of the physician-researcherPhysician-researcher in clinical trialsClinical trial involving childhood cancerCancer. As the cure rate of childhood cancerCancer has improved from less than 10% in the 1950’s to nearly 80% currently, it is important to note that this is due to dedicated empirical collaborative clinical trialsClinical trial, without which these achievements would not have been possible. However, there are several ethical issues involved in childhood cancerCancer research as the disease is life-threatening. These ethical (...)
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  26. To Test or Not to Test: Genetic Cancer Predisposition Testing in Paediatric Patients with Cancer.Sapna Mehta & Dennis John Kuo - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):17-17.
    Genetic cancer predisposition testing in the paediatric population poses unique ethical dilemmas. Using the hypothetical example of a teenager with cancer with a high probability of having an underlying cancer predisposition syndrome, we discuss the ethical considerations that affect the decision-making process. Because legally these decisions are made by parents, genetic testing in paediatrics can remove a child’s autonomy to preserve his or her own ‘open future’. However, knowledge of results confirming a predisposition syndrome can potentially be beneficial in modifying (...)
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  27. A Discussion on Controversies and Ethical Dilemmas in Prostate Cancer Screening.Satish Chandra Mishra - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (3):152-158.
    Prostate cancer is one of the the most common cancers in men. A blood test called prostate-specific antigen has a potential to pick up this cancer very early and is used for screening of this disease. However, screening for prostate cancer is a matter of debate. Level 1 evidence from randomised controlled trials suggests a reduction in cancer-specific mortality from PCa screening. However, there could be an associated impact on quality of life due to a high proportion of overdiagnosis and (...)
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  28. Cancer and Relationship Dissolution: Perspective of Partners of Cancer Patients.Bahar Nalbant, André Karger & Tanja Zimmermann - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    PurposeCancer can be a burden on the relationship and even lead to relationship dissolution. Previous studies about the impact of cancer on close relationships almost exclusively involve cancer patients. So far, little is known about the views of spouses. Therefore, this study focuses on partners or ex-partners of cancer patients.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, N = 265 partners or ex-partners of cancer patients are examined regarding a possible separation, the reasons for separation and the influence of the cancer on the relationship. (...)
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  29. Mood Disorder in Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy During the COVID-19 Outbreak.Valerio Nardone, Alfonso Reginelli, Claudia Vinciguerra, Pierpaolo Correale, Maria Grazia Calvanese, Sara Falivene, Angelo Sangiovanni, Roberta Grassi, Angela Di Biase, Maria Angela Polifrone, Michele Caraglia, Salvatore Cappabianca & Cesare Guida - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Introduction: Novel coronavirus is having a devastating psychological impact on patients, especially patients with cancer. This work aims to evaluate mood disorders of cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy during COVID-19 in comparison with cancer patients who underwent radiation therapy in 2019.Materials and Methods: We included all the patients undergoing radiation therapy at our department in two-time points and during the COVID-19 outbreak. All the patients were asked to fulfill a validated questionnaire, the Symptom Distress thermometer, and the Beck Depression Inventory (...)
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  30. Depression and Anxiety in Patients With Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study.Abdallah Y. Naser, Anas Nawfal Hameed, Nour Mustafa, Hassan Alwafi, Eman Zmaily Dahmash, Hamad S. Alyami & Haya Khalil - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    ObjectivesDepression and anxiety persist in cancer patients, creating an additional burden during treatment and making it more challenging in terms of management and control. Studies on the prevalence of depression and anxiety among cancer patients in the Middle East are limited and include many limitations such as their small sample sizes and restriction to a specific type of cancer in specific clinical settings. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and risk factors of depression and anxiety among cancer patients in (...)
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  31. How is cancer complex?Anya Plutynski - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (2):1-30.
    Cancer is typically spoken of as a “complex” disease. But, in what sense are cancers “complex”? Is there one sense, or several? What implications does this complexity have – both for how we study, and how we intervene upon cancers? The aim of this paper is first, to clarify the variety of senses in which cancer is spoken of as "complex" in the scientific literature, and second, to discover what explanatory and predictive roles such features play.
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  32. EMDR in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review.Alberto Portigliatti Pomeri, Anna La Salvia, Sara Carletto, Francesco Oliva & Luca Ostacoli - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Background: Psychological distress is common among patients with cancer, with severe consequences on their quality of life. Anxiety and depression are the most common clinical presentation of psychological distress in cancer patients, but in some cases cancer may represent a traumatic event resulting in posttraumatic stress disorder. Currently, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy is considered an evidence-based treatment for PTSD, but recent studies also showed its effectiveness for anxiety and depression. The aim of the present systematic review is to (...)
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  33. When Complementary and Alternative Medicine Intervenes in the Conventional Treatment of Cancer Patients: Ethical Analysis of a Clinical Case.Mahboobeh Saber - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 14.
    Cancer patients are interested in complementary and alternative therapies. Providing complementary therapies to them should be based on the four principles of medical ethics. Ignoring these principles creates many ethical challenges in treating these patients. Shared decision-making between physician and patient is essential for the choice of complementary therapies. The use of complementary medicine that does not have the evidence on effectiveness causes that shared decision-making is not based on precise information, and therefore, patient autonomy is not achieved. When the (...)
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  34. Cancer Narratives in Instagram: Self-Presentation of Cancer Patients.V. G. Silantieva & A. V. Kozhokina - 2021 - Дискурс 6 (6):99-112.
    Introduction. The paper aims to establish whether cancer discourse can alter when being communicated via social networks. We supposed that every platform has intrinsic characteristics which might affect the way certain topics are being delivered. Because there has been much criticism from the cancer community about the media representation, we decided to observe what might be called an alternative discourse of cancer of social networks. Therefore, we chose to review Instagram accounts of two cancer influencers, who aspire to revise existing (...)
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  35. “If You and I and Our Lord...”: A Qualitative Study of Religious Coping in Hodgkin’s Disease.Tor Torbjørnsen, Kenneth I. Pargament, Hans Stifoss-Hanssen, Knut A. Hestad & Lars Johan Danbolt - 2021 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 43 (1):3-20.
    Religious coping and spiritual struggles were qualitatively analyzed in 15 semi-structured interviews with Norwegian Hodgkin’s disease survivors. We asked, How is religious coping expressed in 15 Norwegian Hodgkin’s disease survivors? The analyses were theory-driven, using religious coping and spiritual struggles theories as explorative tools. Especially we focused on coping processes, coping dynamics, coping styles, and coping activities. The analyses show that religiousness functioned as a positive factor in coping with cancer in 14 of the 15 participants, equally distributed as conservational (...)
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  36. Epistemic Injustice in Health Care Professionals and Male Breast Cancer Patients Encounters.Ahtisham Younas - 2021 - Ethics and Behavior 31 (6):451-461.
    ABSTRACT Breast cancer affects well-being and life quality. Despite being labeled as a woman’s disease, the incidence of breast cancer in men is increasing. Men with breast cancer are diagnosed at later stages and experience stigmatization within the health care system. As such, they are prone to gender-based inequalities in health care. This paper examines epistemic injustice in health care professionals and male breast cancer patients’ encounters through analysis of research on the experiences of male breast cancer patients. Research indicates (...)
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  37. ANN for Lung Cancer Detection.Nassar AlIbrahim & Murshidy Suheil - 2020 - International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems (IJEAIS) 3 (3):17-21.
    In this paper, we developed an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for detect the absence or presence of lung cancer in human body. Symptoms were used to diagnose the lung cancer, these symptoms such as Yellow fingers, Anxiety, Chronic Disease, Fatigue, Allergy, Wheezing, Coughing, Shortness of Breath, Swallowing Difficulty and Chest pain. They were used and other information about the person as input variables for our ANN. Our ANN established, trained, and validated using data set, which its title is “survey lung (...)
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  38. Uso Del Concepto Cáncer Como Metáfora Social. Análisis a Través de la Prensa Escrita.Laura Almudéver Campo & Ramón Camaño Puig - 2020 - Studium 25.
    El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el uso del término cáncer desde una perspectiva social y su representación en la prensa española a comienzos del siglo xx, en los periódicos La Vanguardia y ABC. A partir de la hemeroteca digital de ambos medios se seleccionaron todas y cada una de las veces que se pudo identificar el término «cáncer» y su aplicación metafórica desde una perspectiva de problemática social, procediéndose a la descripción de los rasgos significativos y al análisis (...)
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  39. Openings in Follow-Up Cancer Consultations: The ‘How Are You?’ Question Revisited.Anne Bannink & Manon van der Laaken - 2020 - Discourse Studies 22 (2):205-220.
    The standard process for starting anamnesis in the follow-up cancer consultation is for the doctor to ask a ‘How are you?’ question. This question gives the patient the opportunity to give a gloss of their general condition and offer the first topic of discussion. Findings in earlier analyses of US and UK data in a broad array of medical contexts show that the question is ambiguous and hence patients may interpret it as social rather than medical. A discourse analysis of (...)
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  40. Personalized Medicine in Practice: Postgenomics From Multiplicity to Immutability.Nadav Even Chorev - 2020 - Body and Society 26 (1):26-54.
    This article explores the ways in which predictive information technologies are used in the field of personalized medicine and the relations between this use and how patients and disease are perceived. This is examined in a qualitative case study of a personalized cancer clinical trial, where oncologists made clinical decisions for each patient based on drug matchings and efficacy predictions produced by bioinformatic technologies and algorithms. I focus on personalized practice itself, as a postgenomic phenomenon, rather than on epistemic, ethical (...)
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  41. Cancer and the Emotions in 18th-Century Literature.Noelle Gallagher - 2020 - Medical Humanities 46 (3):257-266.
    This essay argues that the emotional rhetoric of today’s breast cancer discourse—with its emphasis on stoicism and ‘positive thinking’ in the cancer patient, and its use of sympathetic feeling to encourage charitable giving—has its roots in the long 18th century. While cancer had long been connected with the emotions, 18th-century literature saw it associated with both ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ feelings, and metaphors describing jealousy, love and other sentiments as ‘like a cancer’ were used to highlight the danger of allowing feelings—even (...)
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  42. Robin Wolfe Scheffler. A Contagious Cause: The American Hunt for Cancer Viruses and the Rise of Molecular Medicine. Ix + 379 Pp., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2019. $40 (Paper). Hardback and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Cinzia Greco - 2020 - Isis 111 (3):690-691.
  43. Breast Cancer and Resilience: The Controversial Role of Perceived Emotional Intelligence.Rocio Guil, Paula Ruiz-González, Ana Merchán-Clavellino, Lucía Morales-Sánchez, Antonio Zayas & Rocio Gómez-Molinero - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Cancer is a chronic disease that causes the most deaths in the world, being a public health problem nowadays. Even though breast cancer affects the daily lives of patients, many women become resilient after the disease, decreasing the impact of the diagnosis. Based on a positive psychology approach, the concept of co-vitality arises understood as a set of socio-emotional competencies that enhance psychological adaptation. In this sense, emotional intelligence is one of the main protective factors associated with resilience. However, it (...)
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  44. The Importance of Alexithymia in Post-Surgery. Differences on Body Image and Psychological Adjustment in Breast Cancer Patients.Lorena Gutiérrez Hermoso, Lilian Velasco Furlong, Sofía Sánchez-Román & Lorena Salas Costumero - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Breast cancer is a disease that is difficult to face and that often hinders body acceptance. Body changes due to surgery can be very emotionally challenging for those who experience them. The aim of this study is to explore the differences on body image and psychological adjustment on women with breast cancer with high and low alexithymia according to the type of surgery. In this cross-sectional study, 119 women diagnosed with breast cancer were evaluated with different self-report questionnaires. Afterward, patients (...)
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  45. Role of Public Service Awareness Messages in Developing Precautionary Attitude Towards Breast Cancer Detection Among Pakistani Women.Moneeba Iftikhar & Zahid Yousaf - 2020 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 20 (2):59-78.
    The study was aimed at scrutinizing the effects of the Public Service Awareness Messages about breast cancer detection among women in terms of developing precautionary measures for the life-threatening disease in order to fight against it before time. Breast Cancer is the most common cancer among the women around the world and especially in Pakistan. The study has been carried out with a survey with 300 women of Lahore, Pakistan and found that Public Service Awareness Messages have been significantly perceived (...)
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  46. The Vitality of Mortality: Being-Toward-Death and Long-Term Cancer Survivorship.Jeanette Bresson Ladegaard Knox - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (6):703-724.
    Long-term cancer survivorship is an emerging field that focuses on physical late-effects and psychosocial implications for the inflicted. This study wishes to cast light on the underlying ontological aspect of long-term survivorship by philosophically exploring how being in life post cancer is perceived by survivors. Sixteen in-depth interviews with 14 Danish cancer survivors were conducted by the author. Having faced a life-threatening disease but no longer being in imminent danger of dying, survivors still considered death a defining yet dynamic component (...)
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  47. Testing the Treatment Integrity of the Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully Psychotherapeutic Intervention for Patients With Advanced Cancer.Susan Koranyi, Rebecca Philipp, Leonhard Quintero Garzón, Katharina Scheffold, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Martin Härter, Gary Rodin & Anja Mehnert-Theuerkauf - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    IntroductionThe Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully therapy for patients with advanced cancer was tested against a supportive psycho-oncological counseling intervention in a randomized controlled trial. We investigated whether CALM was delivered as intended ; whether CALM therapists with less experience in psycho-oncological care show higher adherence scores; and whether potential overlapping treatment elements between CALM and SPI can be identified.MethodsTwo trained and blinded raters assessed on 19 items four subscales of the Treatment Integrity Scale covering treatment domains of CALM. A (...)
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  48. Identification of Biomarker on Biological and Gene Expression Data Using Fuzzy Preference Based Rough Set.Ujjwal Maulik, Debasis Chakraborty, Ram Sarkar & Shemim Begum - 2020 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 30 (1):130-141.
    Cancer is fast becoming an alarming cause of human death. However, it has been reported that if the disease is detected at an early stage, diagnosed, treated appropriately, the patient has better chances of survival long life. Machine learning technique with feature-selection contributes greatly to the detecting of cancer, because an efficient feature-selection method can remove redundant features. In this paper, a Fuzzy Preference-Based Rough Set blended with Support Vector Machine has been applied in order to predict cancer biomarkers for (...)
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  49. Adherence to Endocrine Therapy and its Relation to Disease‐Free Survival Among Breast Cancer Patients Visiting an Out‐Patient Clinic at Khartoum Oncology Hospital, Sudan.Kamal E. H. Mohamed & Amany Elamin - 2020 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 26 (6):1731-1743.
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  50. Relation of Common ABL Kinase Domain Mutations with Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibiters in Patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Middle Euphrates of Iraq.Mohammed Sadeq Mahdi Al- Musawi - 2020 - International Journal of Scientific Research and Management (IJSRM) 8 (02).
    Background: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic stem cell disease, associated with a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 9 and chromosome 22, lead to the formation of the BCRABL fusion gene (Philadelphia chromosome). This fusion gene is believed to play golden role in the initial development of CML with constitutive tyrosine kinase activation. Successful use of tyrosine kinase inhibiters (TKIs) play a role in improve survival and increase prevalence of CML, but un fortunately mutations in the BCR-ABL kinase domain may (...)
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