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1 — 50 / 95
  1. added 2018-07-29
    Horizontal Surgicality and Mechanistic Constitution.Michael Baumgartner, Lorenzo Casini & Beate Krickel - 2018 - Erkenntnis:1-14.
    While ideal interventions are acknowledged by many as valuable tools for the analysis of causation, recent discussions have shown that, since there are no ideal interventions on upper-level phenomena that non-reductively supervene on their underlying mechanisms, interventions cannot—contrary to a popular opinion—ground an informative analysis of constitution. This has led some to abandon the project of analyzing constitution in interventionist terms. By contrast, this paper defines the notion of a horizontally surgical intervention, and argues that, when combined with some innocuous (...)
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  2. added 2018-06-15
    Review of Angela Potochnik, “Idealization and the Aims of Science.”. [REVIEW]Nicholas Danne - 2018 - Meta 10 (1):240-245.
    Omits discussion of mathematics, to my chagrin.
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  3. added 2018-06-05
    Editors' Introduction.Alexander Gebharter & Gerhard Schurz - 2014 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 29 (1):5-7.
  4. added 2018-05-14
    Absence Causation for Causal Dispositionalists.Randolph Clarke - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (3):323-331.
    Several theories of causation reject causation of or by absences. They thereby clash with much of what we think and say about what causes what. This paper examines a way in which one kind of theory, causal dispositionalism, can be modified so as to accept absence causation, while still retaining a fundamental commitment of dispositionalism. The proposal adopts parts of a strategy described by David Lewis. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the problem of the proliferation of causes.
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  5. added 2018-05-14
    A Principle of Rational Explanation?Randolph Clarke - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):1-12.
    This paper addresses an argument from Richard Double to the effect that any libertarian account of free will must attribute to human action a kind of rationality that is impossible. Double's argument relies on an alleged principle of rational explanation. Here it is argued that the proposed principle is false, and hence that Double has failed to show that libertarianism has any problem with rationality. The paper concludes with a suggestion as to how the sort of rationality in question is (...)
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  6. added 2018-03-05
    Mechanisms Without Mechanistic Explanation.Naftali Weinberger - 2017 - Synthese:1-18.
    Some recent accounts of constitutive relevance have identified mechanism components with entities that are causal intermediaries between the input and output of a mechanism. I argue that on such accounts there is no distinctive inter-level form of mechanistic explanation and that this highlights an absence in the literature of a compelling argument that there are such explanations. Nevertheless, the entities that these accounts call ‘components’ do play an explanatory role. Studying causal intermediaries linking variables Xand Y provides knowledge of the (...)
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  7. added 2018-02-17
    Causal Argument for the Existence of a Supreme Being.Ray Liikanen - 2017 - Vancouver B.C.: Self-published.
    This work addresses and resolved Kant's first antinomy, and brings metaphysics in line with advances in he science of big bang cosmology, introduces a new philosophical argument for the existence of a Supreme Being, and is presented in three versions, with the first version quoting Kant's most relevant remarks with regard to what he calls a science of metaphysics, and an abbreviated version without any quotes, as well as a one page abstract diagram of the argument.
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  8. added 2018-02-17
    Sobre causación y unificación según Wesley Salmón.León Olivé - 1990 - Critica 22 (66):115-129.
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  9. added 2018-02-09
    Dispositional Explanations in Dualism.Janko Nesic - 2013 - Filozofija I Društvo 24 (4):218-241.
    In order to defend mental explanations dualists may appeal to dispositions (powers). By accepting a powers theory of causation, a dualist can more plausibly defend mental explanations that are given independently of physical explanations. Accepting a power-based theory still comes with a price. Absences and double preventers are not causes in a powers theory, and solutions based on them can only defend their explanatory relevance in mental explanations. There is still a chance that such mental explanations can be causal explanations, (...)
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  10. added 2017-09-28
    Causal Versus Constitutive Explanations (or, On the Difficulty of Being So Positive...).Michael McCann - 1996 - Law and Social Inquiry 21 (2):457-482.
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  11. added 2017-09-28
    Propensities, Chance, Causation, and Contrastive Explanation.Christopher S. I. Mccurdy - 1994 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario (Canada)
    A pragmatic account of scientific understanding is used both to examine and to unify fundamental questions concerning the propensity interpretation of probability and theories of chance, causation, and explanation. One of the most important problems to be addressed is the problem of defining homogeneous reference classes in theories of chance, causation, and explanation. The consistency of the propensity interpretation is defended against traditional criticisms such as "Humphreys's paradox." It is demonstrated that the application of this interpretation to theories of chance (...)
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  12. added 2017-09-28
    What? Where? When? Why? Essays on Induction, Space and Time, Explanation : Inspired by the Work of Wesley C. Salmon and Celebrating His First Visit to Australia, September-December 1978.Robert Mclaughlin - 1982
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  13. added 2017-09-21
    Wesley Salmon’s Intellectual Odyssey and Achievements.Adolf Grünbaum - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):922-925.
    Opening Remarks of the Chairman at “Wesley C. Salmon, 1925–2001”: A Symposium Honoring his Contributions to the Philosophy of Science.
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  14. added 2017-09-21
    Wesley C. Salmon, 1925-2001.Adolf Grünbaum - 2001 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 75 (2):125 - 127.
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  15. added 2017-09-21
    Wesley C. Salmon, Four Decades of Scientific Explanation. [REVIEW]Andrew Lugg - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11:68-69.
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  16. added 2017-09-21
    Wesley C. Salmon, Four Decades of Scientific Explanation Reviewed By.Andrew Lugg - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (1):68-69.
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  17. added 2017-09-21
    Wesley C. Salmon.Inductive Logic - 1969 - In Nicholas Rescher (ed.), Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel. Reidel. pp. 24--47.
  18. added 2017-09-19
    A Theory of Singular Causal Explanation.James Woodward - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (3):231 - 262.
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  19. added 2017-07-11
    Wesley C. Salmon.Explaining Things Probabilistically - 2003 - In Kyburg Jr, E. Henry & Mariam Thalos (eds.), Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The Philosophical Uses of Chance. Open Court.
  20. added 2017-06-16
    Causal Facts.Johannes Persson - unknown
    The thesis addresses the nature of causation. It is argued that causation exists and is as local as its causes and effects. As a consequence, the position advocated is contrary to the as yet prevailing view that no 'causal tie' between cause and effect exists. Moreover, it is suggested that this tie can be perceived. The essay attempts to elucidate the nature of causes, effects, and causal mechanisms. It is argued that they are facts rather than particulars or universals. Furthermore (...)
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  21. added 2017-06-09
    Models, Causation, and Explanation.P. N. Johnson-Laird - 2003 - In A. J. Sanford & P. N. Johnson-Laird (eds.), The Nature and Limits of Human Understanding. T & T Clark.
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  22. added 2017-06-08
    Science and the Systematicity of Nature: A Critique of Nancy Cartwright's Doctrine of Nature and Natural Science.Philip Ellery Catton - 1991 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario (Canada)
    Whether nature is or is not systematic sounds at first like an idle metaphysical question, but considered in relation to the aims of science and the methods of appraisal of scientific theories, it can be given clear content. It is also necessary to ask the question in order to study the relation of causation, laws of nature, and theoretical structure. ; Aims. The doctrines that science aims to provide explanations, that science achieves success in this aim, that explanation involves unification, (...)
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  23. added 2017-06-07
    Explaining Explanation.James Woodward - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (2):477-482.
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  24. added 2017-06-06
    Fred Wilson, Explanation, Causation and Deduction Reviewed By.Norman Swartz - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (9):456-458.
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  25. added 2017-06-06
    Fred Wilson, Explanation, Causation and Deduction. [REVIEW]Norman Swartz - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6:456-458.
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  26. added 2017-06-06
    Scientific Knowledge: Causation, Explanation and Corroboration.Mary Tiles - 1985 - Philosophical Books 26 (1):39-40.
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  27. added 2017-05-23
    Explanation, Causation And.Norman Swartz - unknown
    Wilson has returned to a debate whose heyday was the fifties and early sixties. He staunchly aligns himself with the deductivists, philosophers such as Popper, Hempel, Bergmann, and Braithwaite, who argued that scientific and historical explanations presuppose general laws and statements of initial conditions from which explanandum statements are validly deduced.
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  28. added 2017-05-23
    Explanation and Causation. [REVIEW]Elliott Sober - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):243-257.
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  29. added 2017-05-23
    Causation and Explanation.Peter F. Strawson - 1985 - In Bruce Vermazen & Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.), Essays on Davidson: Actions and Events. Oxford University Press. pp. 115--35.
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  30. added 2017-05-23
    Scriven on Causation as Explanation.Ernest Sosa - 1981 - Theory and Decision 13 (4):357-361.
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  31. added 2017-04-18
    Grounding-Mechanical Explanation.Kelly Trogdon - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (6):1289-1309.
    I argue that there is an important similarity between causation and grounding. In particular I argue that, just as there is a type of scientific explanation that appeals to causal mechanisms—causal-mechanical explanation—there is a type of metaphysical explanation that appeals to grounding mechanisms—grounding-mechanical explanation. The upshot is that the role that grounding mechanisms play in certain metaphysical explanations mirrors the role that causal mechanisms play in certain scientific explanations. In this light, it becomes clear that grounding-mechanical explanations make crucial contributions (...)
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  32. added 2017-03-29
    La Teoría de la Explicación Causal de Salmon y la Mecánica Cuántica (Salmon's Theory of Causal Explanation and Quantum Mechanics).José Luis Rolleri - 2007 - Critica 39 (116):3 - 35.
    Salmón ha afirmado que su teoría de la explicación causal no es enteramente adecuada para el dominio cuántico debido a ciertas anomalías causales como el dualismo onda/partícula y, especialmente, a las correlaciones estadísticas que surgen de experimentos tipo EPR. En este escrito se analizan las nociones causales de Salmón, en las cuales se basa su teoría probabilista de la explicación, con el fin de delimitar su alcance en ese dominio mostrando que sólo abarca procesos de transición pero no procesos de (...)
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  33. added 2017-03-29
    Causal Laws, Dispositional Properties and Causal Explanations.Ullin T. Place - 1987 - Synthesis Philosophica 2:149-160.
  34. added 2017-03-20
    Explicação E Causação.Wilson Mendonça - 2004 - Abstracta 1 (1):2-22.
    The paper argues against the current view according to which there is a clear dichotomy between causation and explanation. The first is usually conceived as an extensional relation connecting particulars individuated non-intentionally, while the second would concern only rational, intensional links between true propositions (facts). Close examination of the particularistic strategy employed to account for the way causal explanation depends ontologically on causation shows that it fails in at least two cases: (i) explanations involving negative facts and (ii) explanations by (...)
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  35. added 2017-03-15
    Meaning, Truth, and Causal Explanation : The 'Humean Condition' Revisited.Christopher Norris - 2008 - In Ruth Groff (ed.), Revitalizing Causality: Realism About Causality in Philosophy and Social Science. Routledge.
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  36. added 2017-03-10
    Types of Causal Explanation in Science.Ernest Nagel - 1965 - In Daniel Lerner (ed.), Cause and Effect. New York: Free Press. pp. 25.
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  37. added 2017-03-07
    Causal Explanation and Fact Mutability in Counterfactual Reasoning.Rumen Iliev Morteza Dehghani - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (1):55-85.
    Recent work on the interpretation of counterfactual conditionals has paid much attention to the role of causal independencies. One influential idea from the theory of Causal Bayesian Networks is that counterfactual assumptions are made by intervention on variables, leaving all of their causal non‐descendants unaffected. But intervention is not applicable across the board. For instance, backtracking counterfactuals, which involve reasoning from effects to causes, cannot proceed by intervention in the strict sense, for otherwise they would be equivalent to their consequents. (...)
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  38. added 2017-03-07
    Of Causal and Counterfactual Explanation.David R. Mandel - 2011 - In Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Sarah R. Beck (eds.), Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation. Oxford University Press. pp. 147.
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  39. added 2017-03-01
    Causal-Relevance Explanation: Salmon's Theory and its Relation to Reichenbach.Edwin Levy - 1982 - Synthese 50 (3):423 - 445.
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  40. added 2017-02-27
    Causal Comparability, Causal Generalizations, and Epistemic Homogeneity.Rosa W. Runhardt - 2017 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (3):183-208.
    The issue of causal comparability in the social sciences underlies matters of both generalization and extrapolation. After critiquing two existing interpretations of comparability, due to Hitchcock and Hausman, I propose a distinction between ontological and epistemic comparability. While the former refers to whether two cases are actually comparable, the latter respects that in cases of incomplete information, we need to rely on whatever evidence we have of comparability. I argue, using a political science case study, that in those cases of (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-26
    Causation and Explanation.Peter Lipton - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
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  42. added 2017-02-24
    On the Incompatibility of Intentional and Causal Explanation. Thoughts After Re-Reading von Wright.Friedrich Kambartel - 2005 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 77:115.
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  43. added 2017-02-22
    11 Why Don't You Want to Be Rich? Preference Explanation on the Basis of Causal Structure.Till Grune-Yanoff - 2007 - In J. K. Campbell, M. O'Rourke & H. S. Silverstein (eds.), Causation and Explanation. MIT Press. pp. 4--217.
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  44. added 2017-02-22
    From Causation to Explanation and Back.Nancy Cartwright - 2004 - In Brian Leiter (ed.), The Future for Philosophy. Clarendon Press.
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  45. added 2017-02-22
    Which Causality? Whose Explanation?Henk G. Geertsema - 2002 - Philosophia Reformata 67 (2):172-185.
    Not all questions for explanation are answered by referring to a cause. Yet many answers to questions like: Why is something the case? Why does this occur? do mention a cause or are phrased as a causal explanation. Salmon seems to suggest that even functional explanations might sometimes be reformulated as a causal one. As an illustration of a functional explanation he mentions the fact that jackrabbits in the southwestern part of the United States have extremely large ears because they (...)
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  46. added 2017-02-22
    James Woodward on Scientific Explanation and Causal Capacities.I. Hanzel - 2000 - Filozofia 55 (7):521-533.
    The aim of the paper is to present James Woodward's conception of the philosophy of science as it has been developed during last two decades in his essays. Compared with B. van Fraassen, N. Cartwright or W. C. Salmon the views of J. Woodward are not so popular. According to the author, however, they represent an important contribution to the contemporary philosophy of science. In the first two parts of the paper the differences between Woodward's and Hempel's views of scientific (...)
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  47. added 2017-02-22
    Mental Models and Causal Explanation: Judgements of Probable Cause and Explanatory Relevance.Denis J. Hilton - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):273 – 308.
    Good explanations are not only true or probably true, but are also relevant to a causal question. Current models of causal explanation either only address the question of the truth of an explanation, or do not distinguish the probability of an explanation from its relevance. The tasks of scenario construction and conversational explanation are distinguished, which in turn shows how scenarios can interact with conversational principles to determine the truth and relevance of explanations. The proposed model distinguishes causal discounting from (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-22
    Causal Understanding in Science.T. Fujimoto - 1996 - Synthesis Philosophica 11:239-246.
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  49. added 2017-02-22
    Probabilistic Causation in Scientific Explanation.Christopher Read Hitchcock - 1993 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Salmon has argued that science provides explanations by describing a causal nexus: For Salmon, this nexus is a network of processes and interactions. I argue that this picture of the causal nexus is insufficient for an account of scientific explanation: a taxonomy of causal relevance is also needed. ;Probabilistic theories of causation seem to provide such a taxonomy in their dichotomy between promoting and inhibiting causes. However, standard probabilistic theories are beset by a difficulty called the problem of disjunctive factors. (...)
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  50. added 2017-02-22
    Causation and Explanation.Philip Gasper - 1991 - In Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.), The Philosophy of Science. MIT Press. pp. 289--297.
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