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  1. Causal and Constitutive Relations, and the Squaring of Coleman’s Diagram: Reply to Vromen.Peter Abell, Teppo Felin & Nicolai Foss - 2010 - Erkenntnis 73 (3):385-391.
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  2. Knowledge Structures and Causal Explanation.Robert P. Abelson & Mansur Lalljee - 1988 - In Denis J. Hilton (ed.), Contemporary Science and Natural Explanation: Commonsense Conceptions of Causality. New York University Press.
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  3. Seeing the Connections in Lay Causal Comprehension.Charles Abraham - 1988 - In Denis J. Hilton (ed.), Contemporary Science and Natural Explanation: Commonsense Conceptions of Causality. New York University Press.
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  4. Change, Time, and Causality: With Special Reference to Muslim Thought.Aziz Ahmad - 1974 - Pakistan Philosophical Congress.
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  5. Are Causal Laws Purely General?Peter Alexander & Peter Downing - 1970 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 44 (1):15-50.
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  6. Some Explanations.S. Alexander - 1921 - Mind 30 (120):409-428.
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  7. Causation in Society.Alan Ross Anderson - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (1):62 - 67.
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  8. Explanatory Conditionals: A Logical View of the Interventionist Account of Explanation.Holger Andreas - unknown
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  9. Explaining Terrorism.Kristin Andrews - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 9:167-171.
    The official explanations the US gave for the September 11th terrorist attacks are not in fact explanatory, and there has been popular condemnation of those who attempt to offer causal explanations for the attacks. This paper is an investigation of the difficulty people have with finding and accepting explanations for acts they strongly condemn. Using research in the philosophy of mind and moral psychology, I distinguish between explanations for actual immoral behavior and explanations for fictional immoral behavior. The difficulty with (...)
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  10. Evidence Based or Person Centered? An Ontological Debate.Rani Lill Anjum - 2016 - European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare 4 (2):421-429.
    Evidence based medicine (EBM) is under critical debate, and person centered healthcare (PCH) has been proposed as an improvement. But is PCH offered as a supplement or as a replacement of EBM? Prima facie PCH only concerns the practice of medicine, while the contended features of EBM also include methods and medical model. I here argue that there are good philosophical reasons to see PCH as a radical alternative to the existing medical paradigm of EBM, since the two seem committed (...)
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  11. Evidence Based on What?Rani Lill Anjum, Roger Kerry & Stephen D. Mumford - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice:n/a-n/a.
  12. Causality and Determinism.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1971 - Cambridge University Press.
    I IT is often declared or evidently assumed that causality is some kind of necessary connexion, or alternatively, that being caused is — non-trivially ...
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  13. Discussion: Reply to Van Fraassen.David M. Armstrong - 1988 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66:224-229.
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  14. Causation Upside Down?Gennaro Auletta - 2012 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 68 (1-2):9-32.
    Resumo Este artigo centra-se na relevância metodológica da causalidade de tipo top-down. É fornecida uma análise do alcance e dos limites da metodologia reducionista tradicional. São distinguidos cinco tipos de concepções reducionistas: um requisito metodológico geral, o conselho pragmático de se seguir metodologias bem estabelecidas, um reducionismo inter-teórico, uma forma intra-teórica e, finalmente, um reducionismo ontológico. Subsequentemente, salienta-se a existência de domínios onde uma abordagem diferente, mas complementar, centrada em explicações etiológicas de tipo top-down, pode ser útil para melhorar o (...)
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  15. Knowledge and Causation.John A. Barker - 1972 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):313-324.
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  16. Hume's Causal Explanation of Causal Thinking.Stephen Barker - 1988 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 10 (3):21-28.
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  17. On the Causal Explanation of Scientific Judgment.B. Barnes - 1980 - Social Science Information 19 (4-5):685-695.
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  18. Explaining Mathematical Explanation.Sam Baron - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (264):458-480.
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  19. Inferring Causal Complexity.Michael Baumgartner - 2009 - Sociological Methods & Research 38:71-101.
    In "The Comparative Method" Ragin (1987) has outlined a procedure of Boolean causal reasoning operating on pure coincidence data that has meanwhile become widely known as QCA (Qualitative Comparative Analysis) among social scientists. QCA -- also in its recent form as presented in Ragin (2000) -- is designed to analyze causal structures featuring one effect and a possibly complex configuration of mutually independent direct causes of that effect. The paper at hand presents a procedure of causal reasoning that operates on (...)
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  20. Causalité, essai de définition.A. Bayart - 1980 - Logique Et Analyse 23 (90):331.
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  21. Explanation: A Mechanist Alternative.William Bechtel & Adele Abrahamsen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):421-441.
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  22. Causation and Observation.Helen Beebee - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
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  23. Regularities and Causality; Generalizations and Causal Explanations.Jim Bogen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):397-420.
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  24. Causality, Emergence, Computation and Unreasonable Expectations.Fabio Boschetti - 2012 - Synthese 185 (2):187-194.
    I argue that much of current concern with the role of causality and strong emergence in natural processes is based upon an unreasonable expectation placed on our ability to formalize scientific knowledge. In most disciplines our formalization ability is an expectation rather than a scientific result. This calls for an empirical approach to the study of causation and emergence. Finally, I suggest that for advances in complexity research to occur, attention needs to be paid to understanding what role computation plays (...)
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  25. Causation and Causal Necessity: Reply to Sanford.Myles Brand & Marshall Swain - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (6):369 - 379.
    In 'on the analysis of causation' ("synthese", Volume 21, 1970), We argued that any analysis of causation entailing that "a" caused "b" only if "a" is the set of conditions necessary and sufficient for "b" yields a formal contradiction. In 'causal necessity and logical necessity' ("philosophical studies", Volume 28, 1975), David sanford objects to that argument, Concentrating his attack on the notions of causal necessity and total sets of antecedent conditions. We reply in this paper that, Although sanford's objections help (...)
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  26. Trustworthiness and Explanation: The Role of Morality in Solving Problems of Explanatory Relevance.Sheralee Jo Brindell - 1996 - Dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder
    Within that portion of philosophy of science concerned with the nature of scientific explanation, has emerged a fundamental disagreement about the nature of explanatory relevance as a primary source of explanatory power. And while everyone agrees that being relevant within an explanation requires that the explaining fact have something to do with the fact to be explained, there is little agreement about what this means. As the debate about the nature of explanation has developed within different metaphysical frameworks, various answers (...)
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  27. Causality, Method and Modality.Gordon G. Brittan Jr (ed.) - 1991 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  28. What's So Unobservable About Causation?Richard Brown - manuscript
    Written in 2002/2003 while I was a graduate student at the University of Connecticut and ultimately submitted as part of my qualifying exam for the Master Degree in philosophy. I argue that the causal relation is observable even if the necessity of the connection is not. This version (the only one that remains) was prepared for presentation at the New Jersey Regional Philosophy Association.
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  29. Causality and Determinism in Modern Physics.Grzegorz Bugajak - 2011 - In Adam Świeżyński (ed.), Knowledge and Values, Wyd. UKSW, Warszawa. pp. 73–94.
    The paper revisits the old controversy over causality and determinism and argues, in the first place, that non˗deterministic theories of modern science are largely irrelevant to the philosophical issue of the causality principle. As it seems to be the ‘moral’ of the uncertainty principle, the reason why a deterministic theory cannot be applied to the description of certain physical systems is that it is impossible to capture such properties of the system, which are required by a desired theory. These properties (...)
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  30. Evidence and the Assessment of Causal Relations in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner & Maria Carla Galavotti - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):27 - 45.
    This contribution claims that the two fundamental notions of causation at work in the health sciences are manipulative and mechanistic, and investigates what kinds of evidence matter for the assessment of causal relations. This article is a development of our 2007 article, ?Plurality of Causality?, where we argue for a pluralistic account of causation with an eye to econometrics and a single medical example. The present contribution has a wider focus, and considers the notion of evidence within a whole range (...)
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  31. Big Data, Epistemology and Causality: Knowledge in and Knowledge Out in EXPOsOMICS.Stefano Canali - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (2).
    Recently, it has been argued that the use of Big Data transforms the sciences, making data-driven research possible and studying causality redundant. In this paper, I focus on the claim on causal knowledge by examining the Big Data project EXPOsOMICS, whose research is funded by the European Commission and considered capable of improving our understanding of the relation between exposure and disease. While EXPOsOMICS may seem the perfect exemplification of the data-driven view, I show how causal knowledge is necessary for (...)
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  32. On Disproving Causal Claims by Appeal to Logical Relations.William Randolph Carter - 1968 - Dissertation, University of Virginia
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  33. Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics.Nancy Cartwright - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Hunting Causes and Using Them argues that causation is not one thing, as commonly assumed, but many. There is a huge variety of causal relations, each with different characterizing features, different methods for discovery and different uses to which it can be put. In this collection of new and previously published essays, Nancy Cartwright provides a critical survey of philosophical and economic literature on causality, with a special focus on the currently fashionable Bayes-nets and invariance methods - and it exposes (...)
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  34. Causation in Physics: Causal Processes and Mathematical Derivations.Nancy Cartwright - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:391 - 404.
    Causal claims in physics may have two familiar kinds of support: theoretical and experimental. This paper claims that a rigorous mathematical derivation in a realistic model is necessary, though not sufficient, for full theoretical support. The support is not provided by the derivation itself; but rather it comes from a detailed back-tracing through the derivation, matching the mathematical dependencies, point by point, with details of the causal story. This back-tracing is not enough to pick out the correct causal story, however; (...)
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  35. Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians.C. Chamberlain & J. K. McDonough - 2013 - Philosophical Review 122 (1):125-128.
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  36. Can Reference Be Naturalized? -Notes Toward an Integrational Causality.Daihyun Chung - 2016 - Philosophy Study 6 (5):289-304.
    As physicalisms of various kinds have faced difficulties in recent years, the time has come to explore possible alternatives, one of which is yinyang ontology. A yinyang theorist is expected to provide a plausible account of causation to replace the traditional notion of causation. The present paper is critical of the Humean tradition, which understands the relata of causal relations in terms of passive materiality so that humans use referential terms to describe causal relations constructively. But an alternative notion of (...)
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  37. The Limits of Explanation: Limited Explanations.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:195-210.
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  38. Causation in History: Mendel F. Cohen.Mendel F. Cohen - 1987 - Philosophy 62 (241):341-360.
    Following the practice of human beings everywhere historians distinguish the real or most significant cause of an occurrence or state of affairs from ‘less important considerations’, ‘precipitating circumstances’, or ‘mere conditions’. I shall term claims that some phenomenon is most basically to be attributed to some one of the factors causally necessary for its occurrence attributive causal explanations or causal attributions and discuss here the extent to which moral convictions are constitutive of them.
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  39. Explanatory Judgment, Probability, and Abductive Inference.Matteo Colombo, Marie Postma & Jan Sprenger - 2016 - In A. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman & J. C. Trueswell (eds.), Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 432-437) Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. pp. 432-437.
    Abductive reasoning assigns special status to the explanatory power of a hypothesis. But how do people make explanatory judgments? Our study clarifies this issue by asking: How does the explanatory power of a hypothesis cohere with other cognitive factors? How does probabilistic information affect explanatory judgments? In order to answer these questions, we conducted an experiment with 671 participants. Their task was to make judgments about a potentially explanatory hypothesis and its cognitive virtues. In the responses, we isolated three constructs: (...)
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  40. Nature's Causes.Richard J. Connell - 1995 - Peter Lang Publishing.
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  41. Une Methode Linguistique d'Approche Contrastive.Critique de L'analyse Contrastive & A. Absence de Methode Propre - forthcoming - Contrastes: Revue de l'Association Pour le Developpement des Études Contrastives.
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  42. Causation in Grammatical Structures.Bridget Copley & Fabienne Martin (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This book brings together research on the topic of causation from experts in the fields of linguistics, philosophy, and psychology. It draws on data from a wide range of languages and seeks to arrive at a more sophisticated understanding of how causal concepts are expressed in causal meanings, and how those meanings are organized into structures.
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  43. Minds, Causes, and Mechanisms: A Case Against Physicalism.Josep E. Corbí - 2000 - Blackwell.
    This volume includes a lucid discussion of recent developments by philosophers such as Block, Davidson, Fodor, Kim, Lewis, Mellor, Putnam, Schiffer, Shoemaker, ...
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  44. 15 How Special Are Special Sciences?Antonella Corradini - 2010 - In Antonella Corradini & Timothy O'Connor (eds.), Emergence in Science and Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 6--289.
  45. The Effectiveness of Causes.Richard E. Creel - 1986 - Faith and Philosophy 3 (3):345-347.
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  46. Reply to Fairley and Manktelow's Comment on “Naive Theories and Causal Deduction”.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - unknown
    Fairley and Manktelow (1997) have mistaken an error of presentation for an error of substance. My causal the- ory remains the same: Causal reasoning scenarios that require the reasoner to decide whether or not an effect will occur in the presence of a viable cause trigger considera- tion of disabling conditions—that is, factors that could prevent the effect from occurring in the presence of a vi- able cause. Scenarios that require the reasoner to decide whether or not a particular cause (...)
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  47. Structure, Function and Purpose.J. F. D. - 1958 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (4):695-695.
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  48. Mechanistic and Topological Explanations in Medicine: The Case of Medical Genetics and Network Medicine.Marie Darrason - forthcoming - Synthese:1-27.
    Medical explanations have often been thought on the model of biological ones and are frequently defined as mechanistic explanations of a biological dysfunction. In this paper, I argue that topological explanations, which have been described in ecology or in cognitive sciences, can also be found in medicine and I discuss the relationships between mechanistic and topological explanations in medicine, through the example of network medicine and medical genetics. Network medicine is a recent discipline that relies on the analysis of various (...)
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  49. Causation: Empirical Trends and Future Directions.David Danks David Rose - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (9):643-653.
    Empirical research has recently emerged as a key method for understanding the nature of causation, and our concept of causation. One thread of research aims to test intuitions about the nature of causation in a variety of classic cases. These experiments have principally been used to try to resolve certain debates within analytic philosophy, most notably that between proponents of transference and dependence views of causation. The other major thread of empirical research on our concept of causation has investigated the (...)
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  50. Theism and Explanation.Gregory W. Dawes - 2015 - Routledge.
    In this timely study, Dawes defends the methodological naturalism of the sciences. Though religions offer what appear to be explanations of various facts about the world, the scientist, as scientist, will not take such proposed explanations seriously. Even if no natural explanation were available, she will assume that one exists. Is this merely a sign of atheistic prejudice, as some critics suggest? Or are there good reasons to exclude from science explanations that invoke a supernatural agent? On the one hand, (...)
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