Causation

Edited by Thomas Blanchard (Illinois Wesleyan University)
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  1. What Caused the Bhopal Gas Tragedy? The Philosophical Importance of Causal and Pragmatic Details.Brian J. Hanley - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    In cases where many causes together bring about an effect, it is common to select some as particularly important. Philosophers since Mill have been pessimistic about analyzing this reasoning due its variability and the multifarious causal and pragmatic details of how it works. I argue Mill was right to think these details matter, but wrong that they preclude philosophical analysis of causal selection. I show that analyzing the pragmatic details of scientific debates about the important causes of the Bhopal Gas (...)
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  2. Quantum Mechanics, Time, and Theology: Indefinite Causal Order and a New Approach to Salvation.Emily Qureshi‐Hurst & Anna Pearson - forthcoming - Zygon.
  3. Farsi Translation of Kantian Causality and Quantum Quarks: فلسفه کانت و مکانیک کوانتومی (بخش اول).Stephen R. Palmquist - unknown
    Farsi translation of ‘Kantian Causality and Quantum Quarks: The Compatibility between Quantum Mechanics and Kant’s Phenomenal World’ (uploaded September 2014).
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  4. Ontological and Methodological Virtues of Unification.Rognvaldur Ingthorsson - 2020 - Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1466 (012006).
    The widespread mistrust of metaphysics-the main obstacle to the unification of physics and philosophy-is based on the myth that metaphysical claims cannot be falsified or verified, because they are supposedly true independently of empirical knowledge. This is not true of metaphysical naturalism, whose approach is to critically reflect on the theories and findings of all the empirical disciplines and abstract from them a theory about such general features of reality that no single empirical discipline can be the authority on. Causation (...)
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  5. La relatividad conceptual y el problema de la verdad.Antonio Diéguez - 2020 - Scientia in Verba Magazine 6 (1):105-120.
    Algunos defensores del realismo científico, particularmente Ilkka Niiniluoto y Philip Kitcher, han intentado moderar las tesis ontológicas más fuertes del realismo buscando la integración de la teoría de la verdad como correspondencia con alguna versión matizada del relativismo conceptual propugnado por Putnam, según el cual el mundo carece de una estructura propia y, por tanto, la ontología depende de nuestros esquemas conceptuales. No es claro, sin embargo, que ambas cosas se puedan armonizar fácilmente. Si nuestro conocimiento del mundo está mediado (...)
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  6. On the Intrinsic Value of Everything. [REVIEW]Edward N. Martin - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 84:251-261.
  7. More Than a Person.Matthias Remenyi - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (1):43.
    The question whether God should be thought of as personal or a-personal is closely linked to the issue of an appropriate model of God-world relation on the one hand and the question how to conceive divine action on the other hand. Starting with a discussion of the scientific character of theology, this article critically examines the univocal-personal concept of God. Traditional Christian conceptions of God have, however, always acknowledged a radical asymmetry between the personal existence of created beings and the (...)
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  8. Hume's Natural Philosophy and Philosophy of Physical Science.Matias Kimi Slavov - forthcoming - London: Bloomsbury Academic.
  9. Enactivism, Causality, and Therapy.Shaun Gallagher - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):27-28.
    In 1937, John Dewey delivered a lecture to the College of Physicians in Saint Louis. His clear message was that in the practice of medicine it does not suffice for physicians to treat just the body, or to look to just the body for the mechanism of disease. Emphasizing the relational nature of organism-environment, he argued that the physician must treat the whole patient and must therefore consider the environment of the patient. It makes no sense, he suggested, to provide (...)
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  10. Spinoza on Causa Sui.Yitzhak Melamed - forthcoming - In Blackwell Companion to Spinoza. Blackwell.
    The very first line of Spinoza’s magnum opus, the Ethics, states the following surprising definition: By cause of itself I understand that whose essence involves existence, or that whose nature cannot be conceived except as existing [Per causam sui intelligo id, cujus essentia involvit existentiam, sive id, cujus natura non potest concipi, nisi existens]. As we shall shortly see, for many of Spinoza’s contemporaries and predecessors the very notion of causa sui was utterly absurd, akin to a Baron Munchausen attempting (...)
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  11. Reducing Uncertainty: Understanding the Information-Theoretic Origins of Consciousness.Garrett Mindt - 2020 - Dissertation, Central European University
    Ever since the hard problem of consciousness (Chalmers, 1996, 1995) first entered the scene in the debate over consciousness many have taken it to show the limitations of a scientific or naturalist explanation of consciousness. The hard problem is the problem of explaining why there is any experience associated with certain physical processes, that is, why there is anything it is like associated with such physical processes? The character of one’s experience doesn’t seem to be entailed by physical processes and (...)
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  12. Метафизические факторы цивилизационной динамики.Алексей Владиславович Халапсис - 2008 - Dissertation, Днепропетровск
    В диссертации разработан проект становления постнеклассической метафизики и представлена концептуальная версия постнеклассической метафизики истории. Установлено, что формированию универсального языка философии будет способствовать построение ее категориального каркаса на основе конструктов, не предполагающих своего жестко определенного онтологического наполнения. Выявлен характер „работы” общества с прошлым, установлена неадекватность историческому процессу как представлений о „законах истории”, так и утверждений об отсутствии в нем объективной логике. Показана связь творчества и культуры, проанализированы причины цивилизационных кризисов и очерчены возможные пути их разрешения, обсуждаются проблемы социального прогнозирования, исследуются метафизические (...)
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  13. Зеркало Клио: Метафизическое Постижение Истории.Алексей Владиславович Халапсис - 2017 - Днипро, Днепропетровская область, Украина, 49000:
    В монографии представлены несколько смысловых блоков, связанных с восприятием и интерпретацией человеком исторического бытия. Ранние греческие мыслители пытались получить доступ к исходникам (началам) бытия, и эти интенции легли в основу научного знания, а также привели к появлению метафизики. В классической (и в неклассической) метафизике за основу была принята догма Пифагора и Платона о неизменности подлинной реальности, из чего следовало отрицание бытийного характера времени. Автор монографии отказывается от этой догмы и предлагает стратегию обновления метафизики и перехода ее к новому — постнеклассическому (...)
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  14. God and Ultimate Origins: A Novel Cosmological Argument.Andrew Loke - 2017 - 93413 Cham, Germany: Springer Nature.
    This book develops a novel argument which combines the Kalam with the Thomistic Cosmological Argument. It approaches an ongoing dispute concerning whether there is a First Cause of time from a radically new point of view, namely by demonstrating that there is such a First Cause without requiring the controversial arguments against concrete infinities and against traversing an actual infinite (although the book presents original defenses of these arguments as well). This book also develops a novel philosophical argument for the (...)
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  15. Presentism and Cross-Time Relations.Rognvaldur Ingthorsson - 2019 - In Patrick Blackburn, Per Hasle & Peter Ohrstrom (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Time: Further Themes from Prior, Vol. 2. Aalborg, Denmark: pp. 53–72.
    This paper is a partial defence of presentism against the argument from cross-time relations. It is argued, first, that the Aristotelian view of causation and persistence does not really depict these phenomena in terms of relations between entities existing at different times, and indeed excludes the possibility of such cross-time relations obtaining. Second, it is argued that to reject the existence of the past—and thereby be unable to ground the truth of claims about the past—does not lead to any absurd (...)
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  16. Committing Crimes with BCIs: How Brain-Computer Interface Users Can Satisfy Actus Reus and Be Criminally Responsible.Kramer Thompson - 2019 - Neuroethics 1:1-12.
    Brain-computer interfaces allow agents to control computers without moving their bodies. The agents imagine certain things and the brain-computer interfaces read the concomitant neural activity and operate the computer accordingly. But the use of brain-computer interfaces is problematic for criminal law, which requires that someone can only be found criminally responsible if they have satisfied the actus reus requirement: that the agent has performed some (suitably specified) conduct. Agents who affect the world using brain-computer interfaces do not obviously perform any (...)
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  17. (June 2019 to 2014) The UNBELIEVABLE Similarities Between the Ideas of Some People (2011-2016) and My Ideas (2002-2008) in Physics (Quantum Mechanics, Cosmology), Cognitive Neuroscience, Philosophy of Mind, and Philosophy.Gabriel Vacariu - manuscript
    COTENT -/- (April 2019) Why so many people (from so many countries/domains/on so many topics) have already plagiarized my ideas? (Gabriel Vacariu) -/- Some preliminary comments Introduction: The EDWs perspective in my article from 2005 and my book from 2008 -/- I. PHYSICS, COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY (‘REBORN DINOSAURS’) • (2016) Sean Carroll (California Institute of Technology, USA) • (2016) Frank Wilczek (Nobel Prize in Physics) • (2017-2019 - NEW March 2019) Carlo Rovelli in three books (2015, 2017) to my ideas (...)
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  18. (June 2019 to 2014) The UNBELIEVABLE Similarities Between the Ideas of Some People (2011-2016) and My Ideas (2002-2008) in Physics (Quantum Mechanics, Cosmology), Cognitive Neuroscience, Philosophy of Mind, and Philosophy.Gabriel Vacariu - manuscript
    COTENT -/- (April 2019) Why so many people (from so many countries/domains/on so many topics) have already plagiarized my ideas? (Gabriel Vacariu) -/- Some preliminary comments Introduction: The EDWs perspective in my article from 2005 and my book from 2008 -/- I. PHYSICS, COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY (‘REBORN DINOSAURS’) • (2016) Sean Carroll (California Institute of Technology, USA) • (2016) Frank Wilczek (Nobel Prize in Physics) • (2017-2019 - NEW March 2019) Carlo Rovelli in three books (2015, 2017) to my ideas (...)
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  19. Evidence‐Based Medicine, Case‐Based Medicine; Scientific Medicine, Quasi‐Scientific Medicine. Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating Evidence Into Clinical Practice: An Alternative to Evidence‐Based Approaches.Olli S. Miettinen - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):260-264.
    In this issue of Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, Tonelli criticizes the ‘philosophy’ of the evidence‐based medicine (EBM) movement and advocates a ‘case‐based’ or ‘casuistic’ alternative to EBM – I shall call this case‐based medicine, CBM. -/- Here, I summarize Tonelli’s article, comment on it critically, and then proceed to advocate commitment to knowledge‐based medicine instead. More specifically, I advocate commitment to scientific medicine and to its precursor, quasi‐scientific medicine – to efforts to bring these about as expeditiously as (...)
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  20. Guest Editorial: Evidence-Based Approaches and Practises in Phenomenology: Evidence and Pedagogy.Sally Borbasi & Kathleen Galvin - 2012 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 12 (sup2):1-4.
  21. K. Codell Carter * the Rise of Causal Concepts of Disease. Case Histories * Ashgate, 2003. * Isbn 0 7546 0678 3.Donald Gillies - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):365-377.
    Causality in 19th and Early 20th Century Medicine 3 A Lakatosian Approach to the History of Medicine.
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  22. The Nature of Philosophy. [REVIEW]C. N. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (4):879-880.
    In pursuit of the first aim, Kekes directs his book to the attention of Anglo-American philosophers who have forsaken the key philosophical task. His approach is twofold. Writing in a post-Kuhnian period, he rebuts those versions of philosophical theorizing predicated on the distinction between discovery and justification. At the same time he presents an incisive running critique of scientism and the reduction of philosophy to its hand-maiden. He reminds us that science itself is only intelligible if there is already a (...)
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  23. Big Data, Epistemology and Causality: Knowledge in and Knowledge Out in EXPOsOMICS.Stefano Canali - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (2).
    Recently, it has been argued that the use of Big Data transforms the sciences, making data-driven research possible and studying causality redundant. In this paper, I focus on the claim on causal knowledge by examining the Big Data project EXPOsOMICS, whose research is funded by the European Commission and considered capable of improving our understanding of the relation between exposure and disease. While EXPOsOMICS may seem the perfect exemplification of the data-driven view, I show how causal knowledge is necessary for (...)
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  24. Studies in the Nature of Facts.Causality.M. H. Fisch - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44 (6):590.
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  25. Fundamental Causation: Physics, Metaphysics, and the Deep Structure of the World.Christopher Gregory Weaver - 2019 - Routledge.
    Fundamental Causation addresses issues in the metaphysics of deterministic singular causation, the metaphysics of events, property instances, facts, preventions, and omissions, as well as the debate between causal reductionists and causal anti-reductionists. The book also pays special attention to causation and causal structure in physics. Weaver argues that causation is a multigrade obtaining relation that is transitive, irreflexive, and asymmetric. When causation is singular, deterministic and such that it relates purely contingent events, the relation is also universal, intrinsic, and well-founded. (...)
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  26. “Of All the Gin Joints …” Causality, Science, Chance, and God.Michael J. Dodds - 2016 - Nova et Vetera 14 (2):503-525.
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  27. Structural, Magnetic, and Physical Properties of LaMnO3±Δnano-Manganite.Proloy T. Das, R. Singh, A. Das & T. K. Nath - 2016 - Philosophical Magazine 96 (3):286-300.
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  28. VI—Induction, Explanation and Natural Necessity.John Foster - 1983 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 83 (1):87-102.
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  29. A Chance to Rethink.C. P. G. Driessen & Cor Weele - unknown
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  30. III. —Causation and its Organic Conditions.Edmund Montgomery - 1882 - Mind 7 (28):514-532.
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  31. III.—Causation and its Organic Conditions.Edmund Montgomery - 1882 - Mind 7 (26):209-230.
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  32. Causal Loops and the Independence of Causal Facts.Phil Dowe - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S89-S97.
    According to Hugh Mellor in Real Time II, assuming the logical independence of causal facts and the 'law of large numbers', causal loops are impossible because if they were possible they would produce inconsistent sets of frequencies. I clarify the argument, and argue that it would be preferable to abandon the relevant independence assumption in the case of causal loops.
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  33. Governed as It Were by Chance in Advance.Susan Ruddick - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
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  34. Chronometric Explanations.Giuliano Torrengo - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (1):275-287.
    In this paper I present a problem for the conventionalist regarding temporal metrics, and I defend an objectivist position on the ground of its explanatory force. Roughly, the conventionalist has it that there is no fact of the matter with respect to the truth or falsity of judgments of the kind “event e1 lasted as long as event e2”, while the objectivist thinks that they are grounded in objective features of space-time. I argue that, by positing grounds for judgments of (...)
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  35. On Empirical Generalisations.Federica Russo - unknown
    Manipulationism holds that information about the results of interventions is of utmost importance for scientific practices such as causal assessment or explanation. Specifically, manipulation provides information about the stability, or invariance, of the relationship between X and Y: were we to wiggle the cause X, the effect Y would accordingly wiggle and, additionally, the relation between the two will not be disrupted. This sort of relationship between variables are called 'invariant empirical generalisations'. The paper focuses on questions about causal assessment (...)
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  36. Etiologic Factors in Obesity and Leanness.Jay Tepperman - 1958 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 1 (3):293-306.
  37. On the Epistemic Bilking Argument.Brian Garrett - 2015 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):139-140.
    The standard bilking argument is well-known and attempts to prove the impossibility of backwards causation. In this discussion note, I identify an epistemic bilking argument, which has not received sufficient attention in the literature, and indicate how best to respond to it. This response involves a parity argument based on a forwards causation case.
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  38. Interdisciplinary Thinking About Mechanisms and Causes.Armin W. Schulz - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 50:94-97.
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  39. Experience, Reality, and Scientific Explanation Essays in Honor of Merrilee and Wesley Salmon.Merrilee H. Salmon, Maria Carla Galavotti & Alessandro Pagnini - 1999
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  40. The Law of Causality and its Limits.Philipp Frank & R. S. Cohen - 1998
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  41. The New Aspects of Time: Its Continuity and Novelties.Milič Čapek - 1991 - Dordrecht: Springer.
  42. Philosophy as Absolute Science, Founded in the Universal Laws of Being, by E.L. & A.L. Frothingham.Ephraim Langdon Frothingham - 1864
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  43. Action, Causes and Events.D. W. D. Owen - 1979
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  44. Hartshorne on Evaluating Metaphysical Claims.John Donald Gilroy - 1982 - Dissertation, Saint Louis University
    Despite its ancient heritage, the field of metaphysics has received some of its greatest clarification, defense and development in recent decades from two thinkers with strikingly different backgrounds and interests. European philosopher of science Karl Popper, while attempting to identify how science should be conceived, inadvertently shed much light on metaphysics by concluding that science and metaphysics differ from each other in that the former is empirically falsifiable while the latter is not. This 'Popperian criterion of demarcation' between science and (...)
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  45. Space, Time and Causality, by J. R. Lucas. [REVIEW]Kenneth Denbigh - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):259-261.
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  46. Tom L. Beauchamp, , "Philosophical Problems of Causation". [REVIEW]William A. Wallace - 1976 - The Thomist 40 (4):694.
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  47. Der Begriff der Verursachung und das Problem der individuellen Kausalität.Hugo Bergmann - 1914 - Rivista di Filosofia 5:77.
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  48. Time, Cause and Eternity, by J. L. Stocks. [REVIEW]John Laird - 1938 - Mind 47 (188):529-530.
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  49. EMMET, D. -Function, Purpose and Powers. [REVIEW]J. Hartland-Swann - 1959 - Mind 68:550.
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  50. READE, W. H. V. -The Problem of Inference. [REVIEW]K. Britton - 1939 - Mind 48:378.
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