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Summary This is a category for debates about chance that do not easily fit into other categories. 
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  1. Chance and Symbol.V. C. A. & Richard Hertz - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (11):335.
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  2. Mechanistic Probability.Marshall Abrams - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):343-375.
    I describe a realist, ontologically objective interpretation of probability, "far-flung frequency (FFF) mechanistic probability". FFF mechanistic probability is defined in terms of facts about the causal structure of devices and certain sets of frequencies in the actual world. Though defined partly in terms of frequencies, FFF mechanistic probability avoids many drawbacks of well-known frequency theories and helps causally explain stable frequencies, which will usually be close to the values of mechanistic probabilities. I also argue that it's a virtue rather than (...)
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  3. Is Chance An'element'of Miracle? In Search for Common Aspect of Miraculous and Chance Events.Swiezynski Adam - 2010 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 46 (2).
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  4. Law and Chance.C. J. Adcock - 1928 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):210 – 212.
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  5. Law and Chance.C. J. Adcock - 1928 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 6 (3):210-212.
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  6. Probability in the Everett Picture.David Albert - 2010 - In Simon Saunders, Jonathan Barrett, Adrian Kent & David Wallace (eds.), Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory & Reality. Oxford University Press.
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  7. Review of Gerhard Ernst, Andreas Hüttemann (Eds.), Time, Chance, and Reduction: Philosophical Aspects of Statistical Mechanics[REVIEW]David Albert - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (9).
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  8. Introduction: Toward a Definition of Biosemiosic Chance.Victoria N. Alexander - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (3):329-334.
    In this special issue, our objective is to clarify what biosemioticians may mean insofar as they claim that living systems are capable of making choices or that biosemiotic interpretations are partially indeterminate. A number of different senses of the term “chance” are discussed as we move toward a consensus. We find that biosemiosic chance may arise out of conditions involving quantum indeterminacy, randomness, deterministic chaos, or unpredictability, but biosemiosic chance is mainly due to the fact that living entities invest their (...)
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  9. Chance, Epistemic Probability and Saving Lives: Reply to Bradley.Michael J. Almeida - 2010 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2010:1-1.
  10. Psychological Probability as a Function of Experienced Frequency.Fred Attneave - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (2):81.
  11. Chance in Social Affairs.Vilhelm Aubert - 1959 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 2 (1-4):1 – 24.
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  12. Life, Atoms, Chance.Larry Azar - 1969 - New Scholasticism 43 (1):185-187.
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  13. Chance, Experimental Reproducibility, and Mechanistic Regularity.Tudor M. Baetu - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (3):253-271.
    Examples from the sciences showing that mechanisms do not always succeed in producing the phenomena for which they are responsible have led some authors to conclude that the regularity requirement can be eliminated from characterizations of mechanisms. In this article, I challenge this conclusion and argue that a minimal form of regularity is inextricably embedded in examples of elucidated mechanisms that have been shown to be causally responsible for phenomena. Examples of mechanistic explanations from the sciences involve mechanisms that have (...)
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  14. The Empire of Chance: How Probability Changed Science and Everyday LifeGerd Gigerenzer Zeno Swijtink Theodore Porter Lorraine Daston John Beatty Lorenz Krüger.Davis Baird - 1991 - Isis 82 (1):103-105.
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  15. The Objective-Subjective Dichotomy and its Use in Describing Probability.Arnold Baise - manuscript
    This article deals with the nature of the objective-subjective dichotomy, first from a general historical point of view, and then with regard to the use of these terms over time to describe theories of probability. The different (metaphysical and epistemological) meanings of “objective” and “subjective” are analyzed, and then used to show that all probability theories can be divided into three broad classes.
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  16. Review of I. Ekeland, The Broken Dice, and Other Mathematical Tales of Chance[REVIEW]Jeffrey A. Barrett - 1995 - Philosophia Mathematica 3 (3):310-313.
  17. Choice or Chance?D. J. Bartholomew - 1995 - In E. Barker (ed.), Lse on Freedom. Lse Books. pp. 3.
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  18. God, Chance, and Purpose: Can God Have It Both Ways?David J. Bartholomew - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    The thesis of this book is that chance is neither unreal nor non-existent but an integral part of God's creation.
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  19. God, Chance and Purpose: Can God Have It Both Ways?David J. Bartholomew - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Scientific accounts of existence give chance a central role. At the smallest level, quantum theory involves uncertainty and evolution is driven by chance and necessity. These ideas do not fit easily with theology in which chance has been seen as the enemy of purpose. One option is to argue, as proponents of Intelligent Design do, that chance is not real and can be replaced by the work of a Designer. Others adhere to a deterministic theology in which God is in (...)
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  20. God of Chance.David J. Bartholomew - 1984 - Scm Press.
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  21. Physics and Chance.Robert Batterman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):624-627.
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  22. Chance Variation: Darwin on Orchids.John Beatty - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):629-641.
    How, according to Darwin, does chance variation affect evolutionary outcomes? In his 1866 book, On the Various Contrivances by which British and Foreign Orchids are Fertilised by Insects, Darwin developed an argument that played an important role in his overall case for evolution by natural selection, as articulated in later editions of the Origin. This argument also figured significantly in Darwin's reflections on the theological dimensions of evolution by natural selection.
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  23. Undermined.Gordon Belot - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):781-791.
    ABSTRACTA popular strategy for understanding the probabilities that arise in physics is to interpret them via reductionist accounts of chance—indeed, it is sometimes claimed that such accounts are uniquely well-suited to make sense of the probabilities in classical statistical mechanics. Here it is argued that reductionist accounts of chance carry a steep but unappreciated cost: when applied to physical theories of the relevant type, they inevitably distort the relations of probability that they take as input.
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  24. Book Review:Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance Max Born. [REVIEW]Gustav Bergmann - 1950 - Philosophy of Science 17 (2):196-.
  25. On Chance in Causal Loops.J. Berkovitz - 2001 - Mind 110 (437):1-23.
    A common line of argument for the impossibility of closed causal loops is that they would involve causal paradoxes. The usual reply is that such loops impose heavy consistency constraints on the nature of causal connections in them; constraints that are overlooked by the impossibility arguments. Hugh Mellor has maintained that arguments for the possibility of causal loops also overlook some constraints, which are related to the chances (single-case, objective probabilities) that causes give to their effects. And he argues that (...)
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  26. Signal und Chance. Die Krisis des Autoritätsbewußtseins. Eine Rede.Rudolph Berlinger - 1991 - Perspektiven der Philosophie 17:455-461.
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  27. Chance, Necessity and Purpose.Charles Birch - 1974 - In F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press. pp. 225--239.
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  28. Philosophical Foundations of Probability Theory. By Roy Weatherford.Richard J. Blackwell - 1984 - Modern Schoolman 62 (1):70-71.
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  29. Causality and Chance in Modern Physics.David Bohm - 1957 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
    CHAPTER ONE Causality and Chance in Natural Law. INTRODUCTION IN nature nothing remains constant. Everything is in a perpetual state of transformation, ...
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  30. Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance.Max Born - 1949 - New York: Dover Publications.
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  31. Everettian Confirmation and Sleeping Beauty: Reply to Wilson.Darren Bradley - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (3):683-693.
    In Bradley, I offered an analysis of Sleeping Beauty and the Everettian interpretation of quantum mechanics. I argued that one can avoid a kind of easy confirmation of EQM by paying attention to observation selection effects, that halfers are right about Sleeping Beauty, and that thirders cannot avoid easy confirmation for the truth of EQM. Wilson agrees with my analysis of observation selection effects in EQM, but goes on to, first, defend Elga’s thirder argument on Sleeping Beauty and, second, argue (...)
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  32. Vague Chance?Seamus Bradley - 2016 - Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
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  33. On The Notion of Chance and Its Application in Natural Sciences.Grzegorz Bugajak - 2008 - In Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy. pp. 7-15.
    The notion of chance plays an important role in some philosophical analyses and interpretations of scientific theories. The most obvious examples of that are the theories of evolution and quantum mechanics. This notion, however seems to be notoriously vague. Its application in such analyses, more often than not refers to its common-sense understanding, which, by definition, cannot be sufficient when it comes to sound philosophical interpretations of scientific achievements. The paper attempts at formulating a ‘typology of chance’. It distinguishes eight (...)
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  34. Chance, Cause, Reason: An Inquiry Into the Nature of Scientific Evidence.Arthur W. Burks - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (3):500-502.
  35. Chance.Steven M. Cahn - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 73--75.
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  36. Choice and Chance.C. A. Campbell & K. W. Rankin - 1963 - Philosophical Quarterly 13 (50):85.
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  37. Bartholomew. DJ, God, Chance and Purpose. Can God Have It Both Ways?Javier Sánchez Cañizares - 2008 - Anuario Filosófico 41 (3):693-695.
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  38. Causality, Chance and Weak Non-Super Venience.Carol E. Cleland - 1985 - American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (4):287 - 298.
  39. On the Meaning of Chance in Biology.James A. Coffman - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (3):377-388.
    Chance has somewhat different meanings in different contexts, and can be taken to be either ontological or epistemological . Here I argue that, whether or not it stems from physical indeterminacy, chance is a fundamental biological reality that is meaningless outside the context of knowledge. To say that something happened by chance means that it did not happen by design. This of course is a cornerstone of Darwin’s theory of evolution: random undirected variation is the creative wellspring upon which natural (...)
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  40. Chance, Skill, and Luck.John Cohen - 1960 - Baltimore: Penguin Books.
  41. Iterated Random Selection as Intermediate Between Risk and Uncertainty.Horacio Arlo Costa & Jeffrey Helzner - 2009 - ISIPTA'09 ELECTRONIC PROCEEDINGS.
  42. From Chance to Choice.Pascal Couillard - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (2):408-411.
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  43. The Taming of Chance. [REVIEW]Kurt Danziger - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (3):371-372.
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  44. Chance or Dance: An Evaluation of Design.Jimmy H. Davis & Harry L. Poe - 2008 - Templeton Press.
    Chance or Dance is ideal for students and general readers interested in understanding how modern science gives evidence for the creation of nature by the God of the Bible.
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  45. MELLOR, D. H. "The Matter of Chance". [REVIEW]J. P. Day - 1974 - Mind 83:622.
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  46. Chance and Necessity in Cooperative Phenomena.P. G. de Gennes - 1977 - Diogenes 25 (100):198-217.
  47. Serendipity: Fortune and the Prepared Mind.Mark de Rond & Iain Morley (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction. Fortune and the prepared mind Iain Morley and Mark de Rond; 1. The stratigraphy of serendipity Susan E. Alcock; 2. Understanding humans - serendipity and anthropology Richard Leakey; 3. HIV and the naked ape Robin Weiss; 4. Cosmological serendipity Simon Singh; 5. Serendipity in astronomy Andrew C. Fabian; 6. Serendipity in physics Richard Friend; 7. Liberalism and uncertainty Oliver Letwin; 8. The unanticipated pleasures of the writing life Simon Winchester.
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  48. The Chance of the Gaps.William Dembski - 2003 - In Neil A. Manson (ed.), God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge.
  49. God's Use of Chance.William A. Dembski - unknown
    In God, Chance and Purpose, statistician David Bartholomew chides Christians who cling to, in his words, a “naive orthodoxy.” Such Christians view God as exhibiting a set of perfections (especially omniscience and omnipotence) and as satisfying a set of propositions (a creed). Such a view is, according to Bartholomew, unworthy of God. In place of a “naive orthodoxy,” he therefore proposes a “critical orthodoxy.” At the center of his “critical orthodoxy” is the skeptical claim that “all knowledge is uncertain, in (...)
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  50. Quantum Theory of Probability and Decisions.David Deutsch - 1999 - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London:3129--37.
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