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Summary This is a category for debates about chance that do not easily fit into other categories. 
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  1. added 2018-09-20
    ‘More of a Cause’: Recent Work on Degrees of Causation and Responsibility.Alex Kaiserman - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (7):e12498.
    It is often natural to compare two events by describing one as ‘more of a cause’ of some effect than the other. But what do such comparisons amount to, exactly? This paper aims to provide a guided tour of the recent literature on ‘degrees of causation’. Section 2 looks at what I call ‘dependence measures’, which arise from thinking of causes as difference-makers. Section 3 looks at what I call ‘production measures’, which arise from thinking of causes as jointly sufficient (...)
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  2. added 2018-08-13
    The Secularization of Chance: Toward Understanding the Impact of the Probability Revolution on Christian Belief in Divine Providence.Josh Reeves - 2015 - Zygon 50 (3):604-620.
    This article gives a brief history of chance in the Christian tradition, from casting lots in the Hebrew Bible to the discovery of laws of chance in the modern period. I first discuss the deep-seated skepticism towards chance in Christian thought, as shown in the work of Augustine, Aquinas, and Calvin. The article then describes the revolution in our understanding of chance—when contemporary concepts such as probability and risk emerged—that occurred a century after Calvin. The modern ability to quantify chance (...)
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  3. added 2018-08-13
    Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism. By John Dudley. [REVIEW] Tabaczek - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):779-781.
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  4. added 2018-08-13
    Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroes.Catarina Belo - 2007 - Brill.
    This book addresses the issue of determinism in Avicenna and Averroes through an analysis of their views on chance, matter and divine providence.
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  5. added 2018-08-13
    Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroes.Catarina Carriço Marques de Moura Belo - 2007 - Brill.
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  6. added 2018-08-13
    The Irony of Chance: On Aristotle’s Physics B, 4-6.Pascal Massie - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):15-28.
    The diversity of interpretations of Aristotle’s treatment of chance and luck springs from an apparent contradiction between the claims that “chance events are for the sake of something” and that “chance events are not for the sake of their outcome.” Chance seems to entail the denial of an end. Yet Aristotle systematically refers it to what is for the sake of an end. This paper suggests that, in order to give an account of chance, a reference to “per accidens causes” (...)
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  7. added 2018-08-13
    Does Chance Make a Difference? The Philosophical Significance of Indeterminism.Dennis Dieks - 2002 - In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic. pp. 209.
  8. added 2018-06-08
    Mind and Chance.Christopher Gauker - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):533-552.
  9. added 2018-05-30
    Tychomancy: Inferring Probability From Causal Structure.Michael Strevens - 2013 - Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Maxwell's deduction of the probability distribution over the velocity of gas molecules—one of the most important passages in physics (Truesdell)—presents a riddle: a physical discovery of the first importance was made in a single inferential leap without any apparent recourse to empirical evidence. -/- Tychomancy proposes that Maxwell's derivation was not made a priori; rather, he inferred his distribution from non-probabilistic facts about the dynamics of intermolecular collisions. Further, the inference is of the same sort as everyday reasoning about the (...)
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  10. added 2018-02-22
    Objective Fundamental Reality Structure by the Unreduced Complexity Development.Andrei P. Kirilyuk - 2018 - FQXi Essay Contest 2017-2018 “What Is “Fundamental””.
    We explain why exactly the simplified abstract scheme of reality within the standard science paradigm cannot provide the consistent picture of “truly fundamental” reality and how the unreduced, causally complete description of the latter is regained within the extended, provably complete solution to arbitrary interaction problem and the ensuing concept of universal dynamic complexity. We emphasize the practical importance of this extension for both particular problem solution and further, now basically unlimited fundamental science development (otherwise dangerously stagnating within its traditional (...)
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  11. added 2018-02-19
    Nonprobabilistic Chance?Seamus Bradley - unknown
    "Chance" crops up all over philosophy, and in many other areas. It is often assumed -- without argument -- that chances are probabilities. I explore the extent to which this assumption is really sanctioned by what we understand by the concept of chance.
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  12. added 2018-02-19
    HACKING, IAN "The Emergence of Probability". [REVIEW]Simon Blackburn - 1976 - Philosophy 51:476.
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  13. added 2018-02-17
    Probability.Branden Fitelson, Alan Hajek & Ned Hall - 2006 - In Jessica Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Routledge.
    There are two central questions concerning probability. First, what are its formal features? That is a mathematical question, to which there is a standard, widely (though not universally) agreed upon answer. This answer is reviewed in the next section. Second, what sorts of things are probabilities---what, that is, is the subject matter of probability theory? This is a philosophical question, and while the mathematical theory of probability certainly bears on it, the answer must come from elsewhere. To see why, observe (...)
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  14. added 2017-10-07
    Credence and Chance in Quantum Theory.John Earman - manuscript
    David Lewis' "Principal Principle" is a purported principle of rationality connecting credence and objective chance. Almost all of the discussion of the Principal Principle in the philosophical literature assumes classical probability theory, which is unfortunate since the theory of modern physics that, arguably, speaks most clearly of objective chance is the quantum theory, and quantum probabilities are not classical probabilities. This paper develops an account of how chance works in quantum theory that reveals a connection between credence and quantum chance (...)
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  15. added 2017-09-11
    Imprecise Probability and Chance.Anthony F. Peressini - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (3):561-586.
    Understanding probabilities as something other than point values has often been motivated by the need to find more realistic models for degree of belief, and in particular the idea that degree of belief should have an objective basis in “statistical knowledge of the world.” I offer here another motivation growing out of efforts to understand how chance evolves as a function of time. If the world is “chancy” in that there are non-trivial, objective, physical probabilities at the macro-level, then the (...)
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  16. added 2017-02-25
    The Objective-Subjective Dichotomy and its Use in Describing Probability.Arnold Baise - manuscript
    This article deals with the nature of the objective-subjective dichotomy, first from a general historical point of view, and then with regard to the use of these terms over time to describe theories of probability. The different (metaphysical and epistemological) meanings of “objective” and “subjective” are analyzed, and then used to show that all probability theories can be divided into three broad classes.
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  17. added 2017-02-15
    In DH Mellor.F. P. Ramsey - forthcoming - Philosophical Papers.
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  18. added 2017-02-15
    A Connoisseur of Magical Coincidences: Chance, Creativity and Poiesis From a Biosemiotic Perspective.Wendy Wheeler - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (3):389-404.
    Semiotics, in the guise of the limited Saussurean semiology, has been widely used in the humanities and in cultural studies for the past 20 to 30 years at least. With the advent, nearly 20 years ago, of the environmental humanities, including the new field of humanities animal studies, the weaknesses of this mode of analysis became increasingly clear. This essay forms part of a larger attempt to develop a Peirce-informed biosemiotic theory capable of affording conceptual tools for the broad-based study (...)
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  19. added 2017-02-15
    Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism. By John Dudley. [REVIEW]O. Mariusz Tabaczek - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):779-781.
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  20. added 2017-02-15
    Lorraine Daston, Classical Probability in the Enlightenment.P. Henderson - 1999 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (2):83-83.
  21. added 2017-02-13
    Aristotle’s Concept of Chance de João Hobuss.João Hobuss - 2013 - Filosofia Unisinos 14 (1).
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  22. added 2017-02-12
    Is Chance an 'Element'of Miracle? In Search for Common Aspect of Miraculous and Chance Events.Adam Świeżyński - 2010 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 46 (2):61-86.
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  23. added 2017-02-12
    Necessity and Chance in the Evolution of the Universe (Koniecznosc I Przypadek W Ewolucji Wszechswiata).Heller Michal - 2010 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 46 (1).
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  24. added 2017-02-12
    Is Chance An'element'of Miracle? In Search for Common Aspect of Miraculous and Chance Events.Swiezynski Adam - 2010 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 46 (2).
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  25. added 2017-02-11
    Evolution, Chance and Necessity in the Universe.Brendan Sweetman - 2010 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 66 (4):897 - 910.
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  26. added 2017-02-10
    The Concept of an Artist Vs. The Types of Chance Events in Modern Art.Agnieszka Kulazińska - 2004 - Art Inquiry. Recherches Sur les Arts 6:163-174.
  27. added 2017-02-07
    The Role of Chance in Today's Art.G. Urbani - 1962 - Diogenes 10 (38):112-130.
  28. added 2017-02-06
    God's Use of Chance.William A. Dembski - unknown
    In God, Chance and Purpose, statistician David Bartholomew chides Christians who cling to, in his words, a “naive orthodoxy.” Such Christians view God as exhibiting a set of perfections (especially omniscience and omnipotence) and as satisfying a set of propositions (a creed). Such a view is, according to Bartholomew, unworthy of God. In place of a “naive orthodoxy,” he therefore proposes a “critical orthodoxy.” At the center of his “critical orthodoxy” is the skeptical claim that “all knowledge is uncertain, in (...)
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  29. added 2017-02-03
    Dice of the Gods: Causality, Necessity and Chance.W. Ehrenberg - 1977 - Birkbeck College.
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  30. added 2017-02-02
    Luck: The Brilliant Randomness of Everyday Life.Nicholas Rescher - 1995 - Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
    An esteemed American philosopher reflects on the nature of luck and its historical role in war, business, lotteries, and romance, and delineates the differences ...
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  31. added 2017-02-01
    Purpose, Chance, and Other Perplexing Concepts.Howard C. Warren - 1916 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 13 (16):441-442.
  32. added 2017-01-29
    The Chances of Evolution: An Analysis of the Roles of Chance in Microevolution and Macroevolution.Roberta Lynn Millstein - 1997 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    Evolutionary theory is thoroughly probabilistic, due to such elements as random mutation, random drift, and stochastic models of speciation and extinction. This uncontroversial claim raises a number of contentious issues: Is evolutionary theory probabilistic in any general sense, or only in a variety of particular, distinct senses? Are these processes inherently probabilistic, or does the use of probabilities simply provide a convenient way to camouflage a multitude of unknown causes? Does chance play an explanatory role in evolutionary theory, and if (...)
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  33. added 2017-01-29
    The Enterprise of Knowledge: An Essay on Knowledge, Credal Probability, and Chance. [REVIEW] R. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):610-612.
  34. added 2017-01-29
    Beyond Chance and Necessity a Critical Inquiry Into Professor Jacques Monod's Chance and Necessity.H. John Lewis - 1974
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  35. added 2017-01-29
    "Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance." By Max Born. [REVIEW]Herbert Dingle - 1950 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (3):245.
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  36. added 2017-01-28
    SKYRMS, B.: "Choice and Chance". [REVIEW]R. A. Girle - 1976 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 54:92.
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  37. added 2017-01-28
    Beyond Chance and Necessity a Critical Inquiry Into Professor Jacques Monod's Chance and Necessity.John Lewis - 1974 - Humanities Press.
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  38. added 2017-01-27
    Attractions to and Repulsions From Chance.Robin Pope - 1998 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 5:95-107.
    This paper is concerned with the discussion of the phenomenon sometimes described as “the utility and disutility of chance” both from the descriptive and the prescriptive point of view Emphasis is not on axioms and formal properties but on the psychological content of decision theoretic constructs.
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  39. added 2017-01-27
    The Empire of Chance. How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life. [REVIEW]M. J. S. Hodge - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (1):124-126.
  40. added 2017-01-27
    Chance, Cause, Reason: An Inquiry Into the Nature of Scientific Evidence.Arthur W. Burks - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (3):500-502.
  41. added 2017-01-27
    Reason and Chance in Scientific Discovery. [REVIEW]F. T. R. - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 12 (3):495-495.
  42. added 2017-01-26
    Aquinas and Darwinian Chance and Necessity.John A. Schirger - 2003 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 3 (3):471-478.
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  43. added 2017-01-23
    Choice and Chance.F. S. M. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):733-733.
  44. added 2017-01-23
    Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance.Henry Margenau - 1950 - Review of Metaphysics 4 (1):129-130.
  45. added 2017-01-22
    Salience and Chance.Alan Tomhave - 2009 - Southwest Philosophy Review 25 (1):15-22.
  46. added 2017-01-22
    Chance Discovery by Machines.Yukio Ohsawa Peter McBurney (ed.) - 2003 - Springer-Verlag, pp. 208-230..
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  47. added 2017-01-22
    The Taming of Chance.Pascal O'Gorman - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 33:364-366.
  48. added 2017-01-22
    Causality, Chance and Weak Non-Super Venience.Carol E. Cleland - 1985 - American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (4):287 - 298.
  49. added 2017-01-22
    From Hidden Necessity to Chance Remarks on the Roots of Scientific Rationality.Wolfram Hogrebe - 1983 - American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (3):305 - 308.
  50. added 2017-01-22
    On the Reality of Chance.John M. Vickers - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:563 - 578.
1 — 50 / 254