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Summary

Change blindness is the experimentally demonstrated phenomenon in which a subject fails to notice a distinguishing feature or change when consecutively presented with two slightly different stimuli (e.g., words, illustrations or photographs). Change blindness occurs when stimuli are changed during saccadic eye movements, when changes are introduced to a stimulus display that flickers on and off, or when the stimulus is interrupted by a 'mask', for example a blank display or a 'mudsplash', consisting of small, high-contrast shapes temporarily 'splattered' over the image. Inattentional blindness is a related experimentally demonstrated phenomenon in which subjects fail to notice stimuli in their visual field because they are engaged in a task that requires attention to a different stimulus. For example, some subjects fail to notice a stimulus presented close to fixation because they are attending to a cross at fixation to discern which of its lines is longer. Inattentional blindness also occurs with complex and dynamic stimuli. In a popular experiment subjects fail to notice a man in a gorilla suit who walks through the action in the video they are watching. Similar effects can be produced in "real-world" situations, situations in which subjects interact directly with other people and not merely with video images. These results have been taken to show that there is no explicit conscious awareness of an item without attention, and that if it seems to us that we experience many items in our visual field simultaneously or in detail we are subject to an illusion. Both of these conclusions are contested.

Key works Key works on change blindness include: Rensink et al 1997O'Regan et al 1999, and Rensink et al 2000. Key works on inattentional blindness include: Mack & Rock 1998Mack & Rock 2003Simons & Chabris 1999Most et al 2000 Key works on the grand illusion include: Noë 2002 and Mack 2002.
Introductions Good introductory works include: Mack & Rock 1998Mack & Rock 2003. For a popular introduction see Chabris and Simons (2010), The Invisible Gorilla. 
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310 found
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  1. added 2020-01-31
    Distracted by Distractors: Eye Movements in a Dynamic Inattentional Blindness Task.Anne Richards, Emily Hannon & Melanie Vitkovitch - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):170-176.
    Inattentional Blindness occurs when observers engaged in resource-consuming tasks fail to see unexpected stimuli that appear in their visual field. Eye movements were recorded in a dynamic IB task where participants tracked targets amongst distractors. During the task, an unexpected stimulus crossed the screen for several seconds. Individuals who failed to report the unexpected stimulus were deemed to be IB. Being IB was associated with making more fixations and longer gaze times on distractor stimuli, being less likely to fixate the (...)
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  2. added 2020-01-30
    When You Fail to See What You Were Told to Look For: Inattentional Blindness and Task Instructions.Anne Aimola Davies, Stephen Waterman, Rebekah White & Martin Davies - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):221-230.
    Inattentional blindness studies have shown that an unexpected object may go unnoticed if it does not share the property specified in the task instructions. Our aim was to demonstrate that observers develop an attentional set for a property not specified in the task instructions if it allows easier performance of the primary task. Three experiments were conducted using a dynamic selective-looking paradigm. Stimuli comprised four black squares and four white diamonds, so that shape and colour varied together. Task instructions specified (...)
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  3. added 2020-01-27
    Blindness and Social Trust: The Effect of Early Visual Deprivation on Judgments of Trustworthiness.C. Ferrari, T. Vecchi, L. B. Merabet & Z. Cattaneo - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:156-164.
  4. added 2020-01-27
    The Relationship Between Fluid Intelligence and Sustained Inattentional Blindness in 7-to-14-Year-Old Children.Hui Zhang, Congcong Yan, Xingli Zhang, Jiannong Shi & Beiling Zhu - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:172-178.
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  5. added 2020-01-27
    Beware of the Gorilla: Effect of Goal Priming on Inattentional Blindness.Jean-Baptiste Légal, Peggy Chekroun, Viviane Coiffard & Fabrice Gabarrot - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:165-171.
  6. added 2020-01-10
    The Developmental Difference of Inattentional Blindness in 3-to-5-Year-Old Preschoolers and its Relationship with Fluid Intelligence. [REVIEW]Hui Zhang, Chunli He, Congcong Yan, Dingwei Zhao & Dongjie Xie - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 69:95-102.
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  7. added 2019-06-05
    Grand Illusion and Grand Presence. Introduction.Victoria Louise Stone - 2011 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 2 (1).
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  8. added 2018-05-31
    Does Phenomenal Consciousness Overflow Attention? An Argument From Feature-Integration.Joshua Myers - 2017 - Florida Philosophical Review 17 (1):28-44.
    In the past two decades a number of arguments have been given in favor of the possibility of phenomenal consciousness without attentional access, otherwise known as phenomenal overflow. This paper will show that the empirical data commonly cited in support of this thesis is, at best, ambiguous between two equally plausible interpretations, one of which does not posit phenomenology beyond attention. Next, after citing evidence for the feature-integration theory of attention, this paper will give an account of the relationship between (...)
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  9. added 2017-03-12
    Attention, Fixation, and Change Blindness.Tony Cheng - 2017 - Philosophical Inquiries 5 (1):19-26.
    The topic of this paper is the complex interaction between attention, fixation, and one species of change blindness. The two main interpretations of the target phenomenon are the ‘blindness’ interpretation and the ‘inaccessibility’ interpretation. These correspond to the sparse view (Dennett 1991; Tye, 2007) and the rich view (Dretske 2007; Block, 2007a, 2007b) of visual consciousness respectively. Here I focus on the debate between Fred Dretske and Michael Tye. Section 1 describes the target phenomenon and the dialectics it entails. Section (...)
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  10. added 2017-02-16
    Three Scenes in a Gallery.David Leys - 1999 - Literature & Aesthetics 9:97-98.
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  11. added 2017-02-15
    On Detection and Attribution.H. von Storch - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):131-132.
    Open peer commentary on the article “On Climate Change Research, the Crisis of Science and Second-order Science” by Philipp Aufenvenne, Heike Egner & Kirsten von Elverfeldt. Upshot: I discuss the concepts of detection and attribution as they are used in scientific discussions about the cause of global warming.
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  12. added 2017-02-15
    Spatial Allocation of Attention-Line Length Discrimination Versus Luminance Detection.Am Bonnel, Ca Possamai & B. Scharf - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):347-347.
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  13. added 2017-02-15
    The Face-Detection Effect-Splitting is as Good as Inverting.Dg Purcell & Al Stewart - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):349-349.
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  14. added 2017-02-14
    Decoupling of Intuitions and Performance in the Use of Complex Visual Displays.Mary Hegarty, Harvey S. Smallman & Andrew T. Stull - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 881--886.
  15. added 2017-02-14
    Adaptation to Blurred and Jumbled Scenes Depends on Observer's Ametropia.G. Giraudet & L. Azavant - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 117-117.
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  16. added 2017-02-14
    The Effect of Illusory Contours, Luminance, Spatial Uncertainty, and Aging on Visual Detection.V. Salvano-Pardieu, B. Wink, A. Taliercio, R. Fontaine & K. Manktelow - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 77-77.
  17. added 2017-02-14
    Does the Detection of Surface Deformations Result From Global or Local Processing of Disparity Gradient?C. Devisme, A. Monot, B. Drobe & C. Pedrono - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 93-93.
  18. added 2017-02-14
    New Motion-Induced Blindness Observed in Pulfrich Situation.H. Li - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 82-82.
  19. added 2017-02-14
    Orientation-Selective Adaptation During Motion-Induced Blindness.Leila Montaser-Kouhsari, Farshad Moradi, Amin Zandvakili & Hossein Esteky - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 249-254.
  20. added 2017-02-14
    Extinction-Like Effects in a Spatio-Temporal Attention Task: A Transient Neglect in Normal Observers?G. Hesselmann & M. Niedeggen - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S84 - S84.
  21. added 2017-02-14
    Aware or Unaware? Signal Localisation and Detection in a Field of Relative Cortical Blindness.A. Zontanou, P. Stoerig & A. Cowey - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S82 - S82.
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  22. added 2017-02-14
    The Attentional Capacity of Visual Search Under Flicker Conditions.R. A. Rensink - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 25--2.
  23. added 2017-02-14
    Human Detection of Contrast Gradient Gratings with and Without External Noise.A. Syvaejaervi, J. Rovamo & R. Naesaenen - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 81-82.
  24. added 2017-02-14
    Impaired Peripheral Detection Mechanisms in Parkinson's Disease.A. Weinstein & T. Troscianko - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 142-142.
  25. added 2017-02-14
    How Acting Allows to Segregate Objects in a Visual Scene.P. Gaussier, C. Joulain, A. Revel & J. P. Cocquerez - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 51-52.
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  26. added 2017-02-14
    On the Perception of Stability and Change.Andrzej Goralski & Tadeusz Tomaszewski - 1995 - Dialogue and Universalism 5 (5-6):137.
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  27. added 2017-02-14
    Grand Illusion-Appreciation of Ellul, J.Ra Nesbit - 1971 - Humanitas 6 (3):351-361.
  28. added 2017-02-13
    Effect of the Task, Visual and Semantic Context on Word Target Detection.Laure Léger, Charles Tijus & Thierry Baccino - 2005 - In B. Kokinov A. Dey (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 278--291.
  29. added 2017-02-13
    Attention and Scene Understanding.Vidhya Navalpakkam, Michael Arbib & Laurent Itti - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. pp. 197--203.
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  30. added 2017-02-13
    Gist of the Scene.Aude Oliva - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. pp. 696--64.
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  31. added 2017-02-13
    Natural Scene Statistics and Salient Visual Features.Christoph Zetzsche - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. pp. 226--232.
  32. added 2017-02-13
    Human Gaze Control During Real-World Scene Perception.J. Henderson - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (11):498-504.
  33. added 2017-02-13
    Organizing Objects and Scenes.Stephen E. Palmer - 2002 - In Daniel Levitin (ed.), Foundations of Cognitive Psychology: Core Readings. MIT Press. pp. 189--211.
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  34. added 2017-02-13
    Higher-Order Processes in Auditory-Change Detection.Risto Näätänen & Kimmo Alho - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):44-45.
  35. added 2017-02-13
    The Detection of Phylogeny.Joseph Felsenstein - 1994 - In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books. pp. 363.
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  36. added 2017-02-13
    Perceptual Capacity Limits in Visual Detection and Search.William Prinzmetal & William P. Banks - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (4):263-266.
  37. added 2017-02-13
    Theoretical Implications of Failure to Detect Prepublished Submissions.Douglas Lee Eckberg - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (2):209-210.
  38. added 2017-02-13
    The More Things Change….Robert C. Bolles - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):53-54.
  39. added 2017-02-13
    Oral Vibrotactile Stimulation: A Method for Monitoring Change in Lingual Sensitivity as a Function of Time.Donald J. Fucci, Ann P. Curtis & Martha M. Harnack - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (6):573-574.
  40. added 2017-02-12
    Paranormal Believers Are More Prone to Illusory Agency Detection Than Skeptics.Michiel van Elk - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1041-1046.
    It has been hypothesized that illusory agency detection is at the basis of belief in supernatural agents and paranormal beliefs. In the present study a biological motion perception task was used to study illusory agency detection in a group of skeptics and a group of paranormal believers. Participants were required to detect the presence or absence of a human agent in a point-light display. It was found that paranormal believers had a lower perceptual sensitivity than skeptics, which was due to (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-12
    Looking Ahead: Attending to Anticipatory Locations Increases Perception of Control.Laura E. Thomas & Adriane E. Seiffert - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):375-381.
    When people manipulate a moving object, such as writing with a pen or driving a car, they experience their actions as intimately related to the object’s motion, that is they perceive control. Here, we tested the hypothesis that observers would feel more control over a moving object if an unrelated task drew attention to a location to which the object subsequently moved. Participants steered an object within a narrow path and discriminated the color of a flash that appeared briefly close (...)
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  42. added 2017-02-12
    Eye Movements to Audiovisual Scenes Reveal Expectations of a Just World.Mitchell J. Callan, Heather J. Ferguson & Markus Bindemann - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):34.
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  43. added 2017-02-12
    Effect of Method of Payoff on the Detection of Targets in a Visual Search Task.Joseph F. Hearns & Stanley M. Moss - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):569.
  44. added 2017-02-11
    Choice Blindness and the Non-Unitary Nature of the Mind (Commentary on von Hippel and Trivers).Johansson Petter - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):28-29.
  45. added 2017-02-11
    Choice Blindness and the Non-Unitary Nature of the Human Mind.Petter Johansson, Lars Hall & Peter Gärdenfors - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):28-29.
    Experiments on choice blindness support von Hippel & Trivers's (VH&T's) conception of the mind as fundamentally divided, but they also highlight a problem for VH&T's idea of non-conscious self-deception: If I try to trick you into believing that I have a certain preference, and the best way is to also trick myself, I might actually end up having that preference, at all levels of processing.
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  46. added 2017-02-11
    Decidability and Complexity of Event Detection Problems for ODEs.Keijo Ruohonen - 1997 - Complexity 2 (6):41-53.
    The ability of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) to simulate discrete machines with a universal computing power indicates a new source of difficulties for event detection problems. Indeed, nearly any kind of event detection is algorithmi- cally undecidable for infinite or finite half-open time intervals, and explicitly given “well-behaved” ODEs (see [18]). Practical event detection, however, usually takes place on finite closed time intervals. In this paper the undecidability of general event detection is extended to such intervals. On the other hand, (...)
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  47. added 2017-02-11
    Searching for Objects in Real-World Scenes.Irving Biederman, Arnold L. Glass & E. Webb Stacy - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):22.
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  48. added 2017-02-11
    Visual Performance After Preadaptation to Colored Lights.C. R. Cavonius & R. Hilz - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):359.
  49. added 2017-02-11
    Human Orienting Reaction as a Function of Electrodermal Versus Plethysmographic Response Modes and Single Versus Alternating Stimulus Series.John J. Furedy - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):70.
  50. added 2017-02-11
    Visual Detection and Recognition of Targets with Various Dependency Contrasts in Microstructure.E. Rae Harcum - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (1):155.
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