This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

258 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 258
  1. Imagination and Idealism in the Medical Sciences of an Ageing World.Colin Farrelly - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2022-108129.
    Imagination and idealism are particularly important creative epistemic virtues for the medical sciences if we hope to improve the health of the world’s ageing population. To date, imagination and idealism within the medical sciences have been dominated by a paradigm of disease control, a paradigm which has realised significant, but also limited, success. Disease control proved particularly successful in mitigating the early-life mortality risks from infectious diseases, but it has proved less successful when applied to the chronic diseases of late (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. What It Means to Care for a Person with a Chronic Disease: Integrating the Patient’s Experience Into the Medical Viewpoint.Marie Gaille - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3. Ignorance is Not Bliss: The Case for Comprehensive Reproductive Counseling for Women with Chronic Kidney Disease.Ana S. Iltis, Maya Mehta & Deirdre Sawinski - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-14.
    The bioethics literature has paid little attention to matters of informed reproductive decision-making among women of childbearing age who have chronic kidney disease, including women who are on dialysis or women who have had a kidney transplant. Women with CKD receive inconsistent and, sometimes, inadequate reproductive counseling, particularly with respect to information about pursuing pregnancy. We identify four factors that might contribute to inadequate and inconsistent reproductive counseling. We argue that women with CKD should receive comprehensive reproductive counseling, including information (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Unfathomed Dangers From Aluminum — Alzheimer's? Autism? Multiple Sclerosis?Henry Bauer - 2022 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 35 (4).
    That aluminum is fatally toxic is beyond doubt, demonstrated by mass human poisoning at Camelford in Cornwall in Britain in 1988 and by occasional fish kills. Aluminum may also be a contributing factor in a number of human diseases, in particular those involving brain and nerves — autism, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis. Aluminum salts used in kidney dialysis may be responsible for dialysis-related encephalopathy. Aluminum adjuvants in vaccine can cause macrophagic myofasciitis as well as such whole-body ailments as (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Neural Response to Low Energy and High Energy Foods in Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder: A Functional MRI Study.Brooke Donnelly, Nasim Foroughi, Mark Williams, Stephen Touyz, Sloane Madden, Michael Kohn, Simon Clark, Perminder Sachdev, Anthony Peduto, Ian Caterson, Janice Russell & Phillipa Hay - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    ObjectiveBulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are eating disorders characterized by recurrent binge eating episodes. Overlap exists between ED diagnostic groups, with BE episodes presenting one clinical feature that occurs transdiagnostically. Neuroimaging of the responses of those with BN and BED to disorder-specific stimuli, such as food, is not extensively investigated. Furthermore, to our knowledge, there have been no previous published studies examining the neural response of individuals currently experiencing binge eating, to low energy foods. Our objective was to examine (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. The Effects of an Acceptance and Commitment-Informed Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Program for Chronic Airway Diseases on Health Status and Psychological Symptoms.Emanuele Maria Giusti, Barbara Papazian, Chiara Manna, Valentina Giussani, Milena Perotti, Francesca Castelli, Silvia Battaglia, Pietro Galli, Agnese Rossi, Valentina Re, Karine Goulene, Gianluca Castelnuovo & Marco Stramba-Badiale - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundChronic airway diseases are prevalent and costly conditions. Interdisciplinary rehabilitation programs that include Acceptance and Commitment-based components could be important to tackle the vicious circle linking progression of the disease, inactivity, and psychopathological symptoms.MethodsA retrospective evaluation of routinely collected data of an interdisciplinary rehabilitation program was performed. The program included group sessions including patient education, breathing exercise, occupational therapy and an ACT-based psychological treatment, and individual sessions of physical therapy. Demographic data, clinical characteristics of the patients and the values of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Night Eating Syndrome in Patients With Obesity and Binge Eating Disorder: A Systematic Review.Jasmine Kaur, An Binh Dang, Jasmine Gan, Zhen An & Isabel Krug - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Night eating syndrome is currently classified as an Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder under the Diagnostic Statistical Manual−5. This systematic review aims to consolidate the studies that describe the sociodemographic, clinical and psychological features of NES in a population of patients with eating disorders, obesity, or those undergoing bariatric surgery, and were published after the publication of the DSM-5. A further aim was to compare, where possible, NES with BED on the aforementioned variables. Lastly, we aimed to appraise the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Diagnosis and Psychotherapeutic Needs by Early Maladaptive Schemas in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.Cornelia Rada, Dan Gheonea, Cristian George Ţieranu & Denisa Elena Popa - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Inflammatory bowel disease is chronic and incurable. Imperious diarrhea, rectal bleeding, fatigue, and weight loss, the main manifestations, cause a decrease in the quality of the patient’s personal and professional life. The objectives of this study were to identify a possible relationship between early maladaptive schemas and disease activity status using logistic regression, to identify the prevalence of early maladaptive schemes in patients and to propose a psychotherapeutic intervention plan. The following were found in a sample of 46 patients aged (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Feel to Heal: Negative Emotion Differentiation Promotes Medication Adherence in Multiple Sclerosis.T. H. Stanley Seah, Shaima Almahmoud & Karin G. Coifman - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that results in lower quality of life. Medication adherence is important for reducing relapse, disease progression, and MS-related symptoms, particularly during the early stages of MS. However, adherence may be impacted by negative emotional states. Therefore, it is important to identify protective factors. Past research suggests that the ability to discriminate between negative emotional states, also known as negative emotion differentiation, may be protective against enactment of maladaptive (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Integrating Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Treatment With 8-Week Tai Chi Chuan Practice: An Exploration of Mind-Body Intervention and Neural Mechanism.Haoran Shen, Li-Zhen Chen, Zhuoer Hu, Xiaoyan Yao, Tao Yang, Lan Zhang, Qiang Tu, Guangxi Li & Gao-Xia Wei - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Passing Strategies and Performative Identities: Coping with (In)Visible Chronic Diseases.Tanisha Jemma Rose Spratt - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (1):73-88.
    In this article I consider the role of passing and performance in the everyday lives of alkaptonuria and vitiligo patients. Race, LGBTQ, gender and disability scholars have long used the term passing to describe sub-groups of people within marginal populations who intentionally manipulate their bodies or alter their behaviour in order to claim identities that are not socially assigned to them at birth. In this paper I demonstrate the effectiveness of the passing strategies that patients use in order to mitigate (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Passing Strategies and Performative Identities: Coping with (In)Visible Chronic Diseases.Tanisha Jemma Rose Spratt - 2022 - Journal of Medical Humanities 43 (1):73-88.
    In this article I consider the role of passing and performance in the everyday lives of alkaptonuria and vitiligo patients. Race, LGBTQ, gender and disability scholars have long used the term passing to describe sub-groups of people within marginal populations who intentionally manipulate their bodies or alter their behaviour in order to claim identities that are not socially assigned to them at birth. In this paper I demonstrate the effectiveness of the passing strategies that patients use in order to mitigate (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Asking the Right Questions: Towards a Person-Centered Conception of Shared Decision-Making Regarding Treatment of Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease in Older Patients.Johannes J. M. van Delden, Willem Jan W. Bos, Anne M. Stiggelbout & Wouter R. Verberne - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-8.
    An increasing number of older patients have to decide on a treatment plan for advanced chronic kidney disease, involving dialysis or conservative care. Shared decision-making is recommended as the model for decision-making in such preference-sensitive decisions. The aim of SDM is to come to decisions that are consistent with the patient’s values and preferences and made by the patient and healthcare professional working together. In clinical practice, however, SDM appears to be not yet routine and needs further implementation. A shift (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Effect of Deep Brain Stimulation on Cerebellar Tremor Compared to Non-Cerebellar Tremor Using a Wearable Device in a Patient With Multiple Sclerosis: Case Report.Tao Xie, Mahesh Padmanaban, Adil Javed, David Satzer, Theresa E. Towle, Peter Warnke & Vernon L. Towle - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Tremor of the upper extremity is a significant cause of disability in some patients with multiple sclerosis. The MS tremor is complex because it contains an ataxic intentional tremor component due to the involvement of the cerebellum and cerebellar outflow pathways by MS plaques, which makes the MS tremor, in general, less responsive to medications or deep brain stimulation than those associated with essential tremor or Parkinson's disease. The cerebellar component has been thought to be the main reason for making (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Online and Face-to-Face Performance on Two Cognitive Tasks in Children With Williams Syndrome.Maria Ashworth, Olympia Palikara, Elizabeth Burchell, Harry Purser, Dritan Nikolla & Jo Van Herwegen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    There has been an increase in cognitive assessment via the Internet, especially since the coronavirus disease 2019 surged the need for remote psychological assessment. This is the first study to investigate the appropriability of conducting cognitive assessments online with children with a neurodevelopmental condition and intellectual disability, namely, Williams syndrome. This study compared Raven’s Colored Progressive Matrices and British Picture Vocabulary Scale scores from two different groups of children with WS age 10–11 years who were assessed online or face-to-face. Bayesian (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16. Different Dimensions of Affective Processing in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Multi-Center Cross-Sectional Study.Sabrina Berens, Rainer Schaefert, Johannes C. Ehrenthal, David Baumeister, Wolfgang Eich & Jonas Tesarz - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Objective: Deficits in affective processing are associated with impairments in both mental and physical health. The role of affective processing in patients with functional somatic complaints such as irritable bowel syndrome remains unclear. Most studies have focused on the capacity for emotional awareness and expression, but neglect other dimensions of affective processing. Therefore, this study aimed to systematically analyze differences in six different dimensions of affective processing between patients with IBS and healthy controls. Additionally, we exploratively investigated the impact of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Harnessing Neuroimaging to Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Chronic Disease: A Conceptual Framework for Improving Health Messaging.Samantha N. Brosso, Paschal Sheeran, Allison J. Lazard & Keely A. Muscatell - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Socioeconomic status -related health disparities persist for numerous chronic diseases, with lower-SES individuals exhibiting greater risk of morbidity and mortality compared to their higher-SES counterparts. One likely contributor is disparities in health messaging efforts, which are currently less effective for motivating health behavior change among those lower in SES. Drawing on communication neuroscience and social neuroscience research, we describe a conceptual framework to improve health messaging effectiveness in lower SES communities. The framework is based on evidence that health-message-induced activity in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Creative Thinking in Tourette's Syndrome: An Uncharted Topic.Laura Colautti, Sara Magenes, Sabrina Rago, Carlotta Zanaboni Dina, Alice Cancer & Alessandro Antonietti - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Primum Non Nocere: Should Gene Therapy Be Used to Prevent Potentially Fatal Disease but Enable Potentially Destructive Behavior?Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Ronald G. Crystal - 2021 - Human Gene Therapy 32 (11-12):529-534.
    Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) deficiency constitutes one of the most common hereditary enzyme deficiencies, affecting 35% to 40% of East Asians and 8% of the world population. It causes the well-known Asian Alcohol Flush Syndrome, characterized by facial flushing, palpitation, tachycardia, nausea, and other unpleasant feelings when alcohol is consumed. It is also associated with a marked increase in the risk of a variety of serious disorders, including esophageal cancer and osteoporosis. Our recent studies with murine models have demonstrated that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Meaning and Dimensionality of State of Comfort in Patients with Chronic Hemodialysis Kidney Disease.Sinara de Menezes Lisboa Freire, Renan Alves Silva, Geórgia Alcântara Alencar Melo, Letícia Lima Aguiar, Joselany Áfio Caetano & Jênifa Cavalcante dos Santos Santiago - 2021 - Texto and Contexto - Enfermagem 30.
    ABSTRACT Objective: to understand the meaning and dimensionality of state of comfort from chronic hemodialysis patients’ perspectives. Method: this is a qualitative study conducted with 30 patients from a hemodialysis clinic from May to June 2018. A semi-structured interview with guiding questions was used. Data were analyzed according to Bardin’s content analysis method, supported by Kolcaba’s theoretical framework. Results: five subcategories for being and feeling comfortable emerged: psychological well-being; Silent environment; Good quality of care; No health changes; Reduction in the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Healthcare Professionals’ Responsibility for Informing Relatives at Risk of Hereditary Disease.Kalle Grill & Anna Rosén - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):12-12.
    Advances in genetic diagnostics lead to more patients being diagnosed with hereditary conditions. These findings are often relevant to patients’ relatives. For example, the success of targeted cancer prevention is dependent on effective disclosure to relatives at risk. Without clear information, individuals cannot take advantage of predictive testing and preventive measures. Against this background, we argue that healthcare professionals have a duty to make actionable genetic information available to their patients’ at-risk relatives. We do not try to settle the difficult (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Functional Network Alterations as Markers for Predicting the Treatment Outcome of Cathodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Focal Epilepsy.Jiaxin Hao, Wenyi Luo, Yuhai Xie, Yu Feng, Wei Sun, Weifeng Peng, Jun Zhao, Puming Zhang, Jing Ding & Xin Wang - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Background and PurposeTranscranial direct current stimulation is an emerging non-invasive neuromodulation technique for focal epilepsy. Because epilepsy is a disease affecting the brain network, our study was aimed to evaluate and predict the treatment outcome of cathodal tDCS by analyzing the ctDCS-induced functional network alterations.MethodsEither the active 5-day, −1.0 mA, 20-min ctDCS or sham ctDCS targeting at the most active interictal epileptiform discharge regions was applied to 27 subjects suffering from focal epilepsy. The functional networks before and after ctDCS were (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Dialysis Decisions Concerning Cognitively Impaired Adults: A Scoping Literature Review.Jonathan Ives & Jordan A. Parsons - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-17.
    BackgroundChronic kidney disease is a significant cause of global deaths. Those who progress to end-stage kidney disease often commence dialysis as a life-extending treatment. For cognitively impaired patients, the decision as to whether they commence dialysis will fall to someone else. This scoping review was conducted to map existing literature pertaining to how decisions about dialysis are and should be made with, for, and on behalf of adult patients who lack decision-making capacity. In doing so, it forms the basis of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Role of Manual Therapy and Massage in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia: Testing the Hypothesis.Burhan Fatih Koçyiğit, Ahmet Akyol & Serkan Usgu - 2021 - Central Asian Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ethics 2 (4):182-189.
    Fibromyalgia syndrome is a chronic rheumatic disease in which pain is predominant and accompanied by fatigue, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance and cognitive dysfunction. Although there are numerous pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic alternatives, symptom control is frequently problematic. Manual therapy covers manipulating soft tissue and various joints using the hands. It is organized by mapping of soft tissue structures with rhythmically applied pressure to improve physical function, facilitate daily activities, promote rehabilitation procedures and decrease pain. Massage is generally accepted as an (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Alexithymia, Emotional Distress, and Perceived Quality of Life in Patients With Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis.Gabriella Martino, Andrea Caputo, Carmelo M. Vicario, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Torquil Watt, Maria C. Quattropani, Salvatore Benvenga & Roberto Vita - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Emotion-processing impairment represents a risk factor for the development of somatic illness, affecting negatively both health-related quality of life and disease management in several chronic diseases. The present pilot study aims at investigating the associations between alexithymia and depression, anxiety, and HRQoL in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis ; examining the association between these three psychological conditions together with HRQoL, and thyroid autoantibodies status as well as thyroid echotexture in patients with HT; and comparing the intensity of all these clinical psychological (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. Community Nurses and Chronic Disease in Israel: Professional Dominance as a Social Justice Issue.Rachel Nissanholtz–Gannot & Ephraim Shapiro - 2021 - Nursing Inquiry 28 (1).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Enhancing Clinical Judgement in Virtual Care for Complex Chronic Disease.G. V. Ramesh Prasad - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):677-683.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. Couples Coping With the Serious Illness of One of the Partners.Hélène Riazuelo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Chronic kidney failure is a serious somatic disease. Addressing the issue of living with a chronic disease means fully considering the patients’ entourage, their families, and those close to them, especially their children and spouses.Objectives: The present paper focuses on the couple’s psychological experience when one of them suffers from a chronic disease, in this instance kidney disease. In particular, how is the spouse affected by the treatment provided? The aim is not only to see how care for sick people (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. When a Chronically Ill Patient Disagrees with the Discharge Recommendation: The Limits of Patient Autonomy.Wayne Shelton - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):83-84.
    This is a patient in the relatively early stages of a serious chronic disease requiring ongoing vigilant management if acute complications are to be minimized. In today's healthcare system, we see...
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Anorexia Nervosa, Lack of "Coherence" with Deeply Held Beliefs and Values, and Involuntary Treatment.George Szmukler - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (2):151-154.
    In a searching analysis, Radden elucidates key problems in justifying coercive treatment in anorexia nervosa despite a common intuition that it should have a place. Indeed, AN, perhaps more than any other condition, challenges the validity of a test purporting to provide a justification. Our generally accepted model for involuntary treatment is based on impaired decision-making capacity and "best interests." A treatment refusal by a person with "capacity" is to be respected, regardless of the consequences. (I exclude here the criteria (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31. Associations of the Disrupted Functional Brain Network and Cognitive Function in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis: A Graph Theory-Based Study of Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.Die Zhang, Yingying Chen, Hua Wu, Lin Lin, Qing Xie, Chen Chen, Li Jing & Jianlin Wu - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Objective: Cognitive impairment is a common neurological complication in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Brain network analysis based on graph theory is a promising tool for studying CI. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the changes of functional brain networks in patients on MHD with and without CI by using graph theory and further explore the underlying neuropathological mechanism of CI in these patients.Methods: A total of 39 patients on MHD and 25 healthy controls (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Management and Treatment of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder and Chronic Diseases: A Multidisciplinary Approach.Susana Sousa Almeida, Francesca Benedetta Zizzi, Agnese Cattaneo, Alessandro Comandini, Giorgio Di Dato, Ennio Lubrano, Clelia Pellicano, Vincenza Spallone, Serena Tongiani & Riccardo Torta - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  33. Striking the Balance with Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare: The Case of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.Eleanor Alexandra Byrne - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):371-379.
    Miranda Fricker’s influential concept of epistemic injustice has recently seen application to many areas of interest, with an increasing body of healthcare research using the concept of epistemic injustice in order to develop both general frameworks and accounts of specific medical conditions and patient groups. This paper illuminates tensions that arise between taking steps to protect against committing epistemic injustice in healthcare, and taking steps to understand the complexity of one’s predicament and treat it accordingly. Work on epistemic injustice is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  34. Treatment Patterns of Lipid‐Lowering Therapies and Possible Statin Intolerance Among Statin Users with Clinical Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) or Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in Taiwan.Wen-Jone Chen, Yao-Chun Wen, Kathleen M. Fox, Li-Jiuan Shen, Lian-Yu Lin, Yi Qian, Zhongyun Zhao, Pratik P. Rane & Fei-Yuan Hsiao - 2020 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 26 (4):1171-1180.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Facilitated Conversation: A Useful Tool in an Ethicist’s Toolbox.Natalie Karine Hardy & Nico Nortje - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 3 (1):175-177.
    Soto’s syndrome is a rare form of genetic disorder, which is often non-life threatening. However, this case study will examine the case of a young lady with Soto’s syndrome who developed a pediatric cancer. The team and family had opposing goals of care. Ethical dilemmas in surrogate decision-making for mentally challenged individuals can often be resolved through facilitated conversation between the patient’s family and healthcare team.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Pitch Processing Can Indicate Cognitive Alterations in Chronic Liver Disease: An fNIRS Study.Geonsang Jo, Young-Min Kim, Dae Won Jun & Eunju Jeong - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  37. Socioeconomic and Demographic Predictors of High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Asthma and Heart Disease Among Adults Engaged in Various Occupations: Evidence From India.Sunita Patel, Usha Ram, Faujdar Ram & Surendra Kumar Patel - 2020 - Journal of Biosocial Science 52 (5):629-649.
    In India, non-communicable diseases accounted for nearly 62% of all deaths in 2016. Four NCDs – high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma and heart disease – together accounted for over 34% of these deaths. Using data from two rounds of the India Human Development Surveys, levels and changes in the prevalence rates of the four NCDs among adults aged 15–69 years in India between 2004–05 and 2011–12 were examined by socioeconomic and demographic factors and for five broad occupation categories. The socioeconomic (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. A Postcard From Italy: Challenges and Psychosocial Resources of Partners Living With and Without a Chronic Disease During COVID-19 Epidemic.Giada Rapelli, Giulia Lopez, Silvia Donato, Ariela Francesca Pagani, Miriam Parise, Anna Bertoni & Raffaella Iafrate - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The new Coronavirus has been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. The sudden outbreak of this new virus and the measure of lockdown adopted to contain the epidemic have profoundly changed the lifestyles of the Italian population, with an impact on people’s quality of life and on their social relationships. In particular, due to forced and prolonged cohabitation, couples may be subject to specific stressors during the epidemic. In addition, living with a chronic health condition may add (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  39. Will the Plant-Based Movement Redefine Physicians’ Understanding of Chronic Disease?Maximilian Andreas Storz - 2020 - The New Bioethics 26 (2):141-157.
    The world is experiencing a cataclysmically increasing burden from chronic illnesses. Chronic diseases are on the advance worldwide and treatment strategies to counter this development are dominate...
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40. Asymptotic Behavior of a Stochastic Delayed Model for Chronic Hepatitis B Infection.Bo Wu & Jianwen Jia - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-19.
    In this paper, a stochastic delayed model is constructed to describe chronic hepatitis B infection with HBV DNA-containing capsids. At first, the existence and uniqueness of the global positive solution are obtained. Secondly, the sufficient conditions are derived that the solution of the stochastic system fluctuates around the disease-free equilibrium E0 and the endemic equilibrium E∗. In the end, some numerical simulations are implemented to support our analytical results.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Chronic Kidney Disease Among Workers: A Review of the Literature.Roxana Chicas, Jacqueline Mix, Valerie Mac, Joan Flocks, Nathan Eric Dickman, Vicki Hertzberg & Linda McCauley - 2019 - Workplace, Health, and Safety 9 (67):481-490.
    For the past two decades, agricultural workers in regions of Central America have reported an epidemic of chronic kidney disease of undetermined etiology (CKDu) that is not associated with established risk factors of chronic kidney disease. Several hypotheses have emerged, but the etiology of CKDu remains elusive and controversial. The aim of this literature review was to describe the potential risk factors of CKDu in Mesoamerica and implications for the U.S. agricultural worker population. PubMed and CINAHL databases were searched for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Ecstatic Aura as Mystical Experience in Dostoevsky’s Epilepsy.Petar Radoev Dimkov - 2019 - Balkan Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):65-74.
    Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky is one of the best Russian novelists. It is also known that he had been suffering from epilepsy―one can find many descriptions of this particular condition in Dostoevsky’s novels. These writings are most probably based on his personal experience. There are numerous neurological hypotheses about the type of epilepsy with which Dostoevsky suffered, the most notorious feature of his type of epilepsy being the so-called “ecstatic aura.” In fact, the type of epilepsy Dostoevsky experienced is often termed (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43. An Expert System for Arthritis Diseases Diagnosis Using SL5 Object.Hosni Qasim El-Mashharawi, Izzeddin A. Alshawwa, Mohammed Elkahlout & Samy S. Abu-Naser - 2019 - International Journal of Academic Health and Medical Research (IJAHMR) 3 (4):28-35.
    Background: Arthritis is very common but is not well understood. Actually, “arthritis” is not a single disease; it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis and related conditions. People of all ages, sexes and races can and do have arthritis, and it is the leading cause of disability in America. More than 50 million adults and 300,000 children have some type of arthritis. It is most common (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  44. What Deserves Our Respect? Reexamination of Respect for Autonomy in the Context of the Management of Chronic Conditions.Aya Enzo, Taketoshi Okita & Atsushi Asai - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (1):85-94.
    The global increase in patients with chronic conditions has led to increased interest in ethical issues regarding such conditions. A basic biomedical principle—respect for autonomy—is being reexamined more critically in its clinical implications. New accounts of this basic principle are being proposed. While new accounts of respect for autonomy do underpin the design of many public programs and policies worldwide, addressing both chronic disease management and health promotion, the risk of applying such new accounts to clinical setting remain understudied. However, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Infertility, Epistemic Risk, and Disease Definitions.Rebecca Kukla - 2019 - Synthese 196 (11):4409-4428.
    I explore the role that values and interests, especially ideological interests, play in managing and balancing epistemic risks in medicine. I will focus in particular on how diseases are identified and operationalized. Before we can do biomedical research on a condition, it needs to be identified as a medical condition, and it needs to be operationalized in a way that lets us identify sufferers, measure progress, and so forth. I will argue that each time we do this, we engage in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  46. Balancing Quality Improvement and Unintended Effects: The Impact of Implementing Admission Order Sets for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Heart Failure at Two Teaching Hospitals.Bryn Lander & Ellen Balka - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (3):469-475.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Is Infertility a Disease and Does It Matter?Hane Htut Maung - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):43-53.
    Claims about whether or not infertility is a disease are sometimes invoked to defend or criticize the provision of state-funded treatment for infertility. In this paper, I suggest that this strategy is problematic. By exploring infertility through key approaches to disease in the philosophy of medicine, I show that there are deep theoretical disagreements regarding what subtypes of infertility qualify as diseases. Given that infertility's disease status remains unclear, one cannot uncontroversially justify or undermine its claim to medical treatment by (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  48. Can Vestibular Stimulation Be Used to Treat Obesity?Paul D. McGeoch - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (2):1800197.
    It is hypothesized that repeated, non‐invasive stimulation of the vestibular (balance) system, via a small electrical current to the skin behind the ears, will cause the brain centers that control energy homeostasis to shift the body toward a leaner physique. This is because these centers integrate multiple inputs to, in effect, fix a set‐point for body fat, which though difficult to alter is not immutable. They will interpret repeated stimulation of the parts of the vestibular system that detect acceleration as (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Exploring Spiritual Needs and Its Relation with Anxiety and Depression in the Elderly Patients with Chronic Diseases.Tahereh Ramezani, Zahra Taheri Karameh & Zeynab Karimi - 2019 - Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics 6 (2):10-16.
    Background and Objectives: The evaluation and accurate recognition of all the needs and problems of patients, including spiritual needs, are inevitable to increase the quality of nursing care. This study aimed to evaluate the spiritual needs and their association with anxiety and depression in the elderly with chronic diseases. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 100 patients with chronic diseases above 60 years of age. The subjects were selected through convenience sampling in the two hospitals of Qom, Iran, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and an Illness-Focused Approach to Care: Controversy, Morality and Paradox.Michael Sharpe & Monica Greco - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (2):183-187.
    Contemporary medicine distinguishes between illness and disease. Illness refers to a person’s subjective experience of symptoms; disease refers to objective bodily pathology. For many illnesses, medicine has made great progress in finding and treating associated disease. However, not all illnesses are successfully relieved by treating the disease. In some such cases, the patient’s suffering can only be reduced by treatment that is focused on the illness itself. Chronic disabling fatigue is a common symptom of illness, for which disease-focused treatment is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
1 — 50 / 258