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  1. added 2020-06-30
    Will the Plant-Based Movement Redefine Physicians’ Understanding of Chronic Disease?Maximilian Andreas Storz - 2020 - The New Bioethics 26 (2):141-157.
    The world is experiencing a cataclysmically increasing burden from chronic illnesses. Chronic diseases are on the advance worldwide and treatment strategies to counter this development are dominate...
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  2. added 2020-06-24
    Ecstatic Aura as Mystical Experience in Dostoevsky’s Epilepsy.Petar Radoev Dimkov - 2019 - Balkan Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):65-74.
    Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky is one of the best Russian novelists. It is also known that he had been suffering from epilepsy―one can find many descriptions of this particular condition in Dostoevsky’s novels. These writings are most probably based on his personal experience. There are numerous neurological hypotheses about the type of epilepsy with which Dostoevsky suffered, the most notorious feature of his type of epilepsy being the so-called “ecstatic aura.” In fact, the type of epilepsy Dostoevsky experienced is often termed (...)
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  3. added 2020-06-16
    Seeking Immortality? Challenging the Drug-Based Medical Paradigm.Henry H. Bauer - 2012 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 26 (4).
    Chronic ailments — arthritis, cancer, cardiovascular problems, kidney and liver and other organ failures — arise in different ways and for different reasons than do infectious diseases. Drugs have been very successful in overcoming infectious diseases, but their application to chronic ailments is illogical and harmful. Is a treatment against cardiovascular disease beneficial? Does it prolong life and improve quality of life? Valid answers would be based on very large and lengthy clinical trials controlling for innumerable variables — essentially impossible. (...)
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  4. added 2020-06-15
    Doctor-Patient Dilemmas in Multiple Sclerosis.A. Burnfield - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (1):21-26.
    This paper is based on the second Jack Pritchard Memorial Lecture given at the Queen's University of Belfast (1). The author describes his own personal response to having multiple sclerosis (MS), and then examines the psycho-social aspects of the disease in a wider context. The distress caused by the emotional difficulties associated with MS is emphasised, and in particular the strain placed on the doctor-patient relationship at the time of diagnosis. The physician's ability to cope with the needs of MS (...)
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  5. added 2020-06-08
    The Intertwining of Body, Self and World: A Phenomenological Study of Living with Recently-Diagnosed Multiple Sclerosis.Linda Finlay - 2003 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):157-178.
    This paper describes the lifeworld of one individual, Ann, in an attempt to elucidate the existential impact of early stage multiple sclerosis. Drawing on Ann's own reflections captured in a relatively unstructured interview, I construct a narrative around her first year of living with the diagnosis. Then, existential-phenomenological analysis reveals how Ann's life - lived in and through a particular body and lifeworld context - is disrupted. The unity between her body and self can no longer be taken for granted. (...)
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  6. added 2020-05-20
    Stigmatisation, Exaggeration, and Contradiction: An Analysis of Scientific and Clinical Content in Canadian Print Media Discourse About Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.John Aspler, Natalie Zizzo, Emily Bell, Nina Di Pietro & Eric Racine - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Bioethics / Revue canadienne de bioéthique 2 (2):23-35.
    Background: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a complex diagnosis that includes a wide range of neurodevelopmental disabilities, results from exposure to alcohol in the womb. FASD remains poorly understood by Canadians, which could contribute to reported stigma faced by both people with FASD and women who drink alcohol while pregnant. Methods: To better understand how information about FASD is presented in the public sphere, we conducted content analysis of 286 articles from ten major English-language Canadian newspapers. We used inductive coding to (...)
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  7. added 2020-05-20
    The Post-2015 Development Agenda: Keeping Our Focus On the Worst Off.D. Sharp - 2015 - American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 92 (6):1087-89.
    Non-communicable diseases now account for the majority of the global burden of disease and an international campaign has emerged to raise their priority on the post-2015 development agenda. We argue, to the contrary, that there remain strong reasons to prioritize maternal and child health. Policy-makers ought to assign highest priority to the health conditions that afflict the worst off. In virtue of how little healthy life they have had, children who die young are among the globally worst off. Moreover, many (...)
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  8. added 2020-05-20
    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: The Hidden Harm.Kerri Anne Brussen - 2013 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 18 (3):5.
    Brussen, Kerri Anne On 29 November 2012, one of the Standing Committees of the Commonwealth House of Representatives released a report on the prevention, diagnosis and management of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Australia. This article explores the findings and recommendations of this report. The Commonwealth parliamentary committee noted that FASD is a serious health issue in Australia. It therefore called for a National Plan of Action, education for health professionals, and public awareness campaigns to encourage women not to drink (...)
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  9. added 2020-05-18
    The Rise of Fibromyalgia in 20th-Century America.Gerald N. Grob - 2011 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (4):417-437.
    At the beginning of the 21st century, fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) has become a diagnostic category that includes extremely large numbers of people, predominantly women. Estimates that perhaps 2 to 4% of the adult population suffer from FM have been widely accepted. Moreover, patients diagnosed with FM have incurred substantial medical costs, to say nothing about high rates of disability. Yet the diagnosis has remained highly contested, and there are competing etiological theories and therapies. Indeed, a leading authority has identified what (...)
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  10. added 2020-05-15
    Powers and Faden's Theory of Social Justice Applied to the Problem of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in South Africa.L. Horn - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):3-10.
    South Africa has the highest rate of foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in the world. The problem of alcohol abuse in pregnancy has very deep historical roots that are intertwined with the injustices of both apartheid and pre-apartheid colonialism. Much of the research that is being done in these communities is focused on identifying the epidemiological variables associated with these patterns of alcohol abuse. The underlying reasons as to why these patterns continue seem to remain largely obscured from view. In this (...)
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  11. added 2020-05-08
    Are ME/CFS Patient Organizations “Militant”?Charlotte Blease & Keith J. Geraghty - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (3):393-401.
    Myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome is a contested illness category. This paper investigates the common claim that patients with ME/CFS—and by extension, ME/CFS patient organizations —exhibit “militant” social and political tendencies. The paper opens with a history of the protracted scientific disagreement over ME/CFS. We observe that ME/CFS POs, medical doctors, and medical researchers exhibit clear differences in opinion over how to conceptualize this illness. However, we identify a common trope in the discourse over ME/CFS: the claim of “militant” (...)
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  12. added 2020-05-08
    Quality of Life and Palliative Care Needs of Patients with Niigata Minamata Disease: A Complete Survey After 50 Years Since the Disaster.S. Sakai, N. Seki, H. Yamanouchi & M. Miyasaka - 2015 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 25 (1):2-6.
    Background: Minamata disease is caused by the ingestion of a large amount of fish or shellfish contaminated with MeHg included in industrial wastewater. In 1965, a number of cases were found along the Agano River in Niigata Prefecture in northern central Japan, which were collectively designated as “Niigata Minamata disease.” Patients with MD suffer from a set of complicated pains accompanied by various signs and symptoms. They also have mental and social pains, including loss of identity, stigmatization that leads to (...)
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  13. added 2020-05-08
    Prevention of Stroke in Sickle Cell Anemia.Robert J. Adams - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):135-138.
    The risk of stroke for a child with SCD is many times greater than that of a healthy child without SCD or heart disease. There is a technique that allows the identification of the children with SCD who have high risk even within this relatively high-risk group. And there is a highly effective preventive treatment. While this would on the surface appear to be a straightforward medical decision, it is not. One must weigh the benefits of preventing permanent brain damage (...)
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  14. added 2020-05-01
    The Costs and Consequences of Omalizumab in Uncontrolled Asthma From a USA Payer Perspective.J. D. Campbell, D. E. Spackman & S. D. Sullivan - unknown
    Background: Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E antibody, reduces exacerbations and symptoms in uncontrolled allergic asthma. The study objective was to estimate the costs and consequences of omalizumab compared to usual care from a US payer perspective. Methods: We estimated payer costs, quality-adjusted survival (QALYs), and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of omalizumab compared to usual care using a state-transition simulation model that included sensitivity analyses. Every 2 weeks, patients could transition between chronic asthma and exacerbation health states. The best available evidence (...)
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  15. added 2020-05-01
    The Aging Society and the Expansion of Senility: Biotechnological and Treatment Goals.Stephen Post - 2009 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
    Of the many topics worthy of discussion regarding older adults and bioethics, two seem to provide an especially pointed opportunity for reflection on our aging society. First, is aging itself something that biomedical researchers should focus on as a deficit to be overcome through eventual anti-aging treatments? While aging may not fall neatly into the disease category, it is clearly the primary susceptibility factor for the innumerable diseases of older adults, and therefore its potential deceleration consistent with the compression of (...)
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  16. added 2020-04-30
    Ideology and Disease Identity: The Politics of Rickets, 1929–1982.Roberta Bivins - 2014 - Medical Humanities 40 (1):3-10.
    How can we assess the reciprocal impacts of politics and medicine in the contemporary period? Using the example of rickets in twentieth century Britain, I will explore the ways in which a preventable, curable non-infectious disease came to have enormous political significance, first as a symbol of socioeconomic inequality, then as evidence of racial and ethnic health disparities. Between the 1920s and 1980s, clinicians, researchers, health workers, members of Parliament and later Britain's growing South Asian ethnic communities repeatedly confronted the (...)
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  17. added 2020-04-30
    Setting a Standard for a “Silent” Disease: Defining Osteoporosis in the 1980s and 1990s.Caitlin Donahue Wylie - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4):376-385.
    Osteoporosis, a disease of bone loss associated with aging and estrogen loss, can be crippling but is ‘silent’ prior to bone fracture. Despite its disastrous health effects, high prevalence, and enormous associated health care costs, osteoporosis lacked a universally accepted definition until 1992. In the 1980s, the development of more accurate medical imaging technologies to measure bone density spurred the medical community’s need and demand for a common definition. The medical community tried, and failed, to resolve these differing definitions several (...)
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  18. added 2020-04-30
    Two Women with Multiple Sclerosis and Their Caregivers: Conflicting Normative Expectations.Tineke A. Abma, Barth Oeseburg, Guy Am Widdershoven, Minke Goldsteen & Marian A. Verkerk - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (5):479-492.
    It is not uncommon that nurses are unable to meet the normative expectations of chronically ill patients. The purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate Walker’s expressive-collaborative view of morality to interpret the normative expectations of two women with multiple sclerosis. Both women present themselves as autonomous persons who make their own choices, but who also have to rely on others for many aspects of their lives, for example, to find a new balance between work and social contacts (...)
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  19. added 2020-04-30
    Rethinking the Boundaries of Kawasaki Disease: Toward a Revised Case Definition.Howard I. Kushner, John F. Bastian, Christena H. Turner & Jane C. Burns - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (2):216-233.
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  20. added 2020-04-29
    Reshaping Chronicity: Neuroleptics and Changing Meanings of Therapy in French Psychiatry, 1950–1975.Nicolas Henckes - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):434-442.
  21. added 2020-04-29
    Oneill, Eugene and Addisons-Disease.Jw Hamilton - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (2):231-234.
    A detailed review of hospital records, physician's notes, diaries, letters, and autopsy reports offers sufficient clinical grounds to establish that Eugene O'Neill developed adrenal insufficiency, secondary to tuberculosis, in later life--a fact hitherto unknown--the condition not becoming manifest until after he had abdominal surgery in 1936.
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  22. added 2020-04-29
    Eugene O'Neill and Addison's Disease.J. W. Hamilton - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (2):231-234.
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  23. added 2020-04-28
    Socioeconomic and Demographic Predictors of High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Asthma and Heart Disease Among Adults Engaged in Various Occupations: Evidence From India.Sunita Patel, Usha Ram, Faujdar Ram & Surendra Kumar Patel - forthcoming - Journal of Biosocial Science:1-21.
    In India, non-communicable diseases accounted for nearly 62% of all deaths in 2016. Four NCDs – high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma and heart disease – together accounted for over 34% of these deaths. Using data from two rounds of the India Human Development Surveys, levels and changes in the prevalence rates of the four NCDs among adults aged 15–69 years in India between 2004–05 and 2011–12 were examined by socioeconomic and demographic factors and for five broad occupation categories. The socioeconomic (...)
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  24. added 2020-04-28
    Treatment Patterns of Lipid‐Lowering Therapies and Possible Statin Intolerance Among Statin Users with Clinical Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease or Diabetes Mellitus in Taiwan.Wen‐Jone Chen, Yao‐Chun Wen, Kathleen M. Fox, Li‐Jiuan Shen, Lian‐Yu Lin, Yi Qian, Zhongyun Zhao, Pratik P. Rane & Fei‐Yuan Hsiao - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  25. added 2020-04-28
    Can Vestibular Stimulation Be Used to Treat Obesity?Paul D. McGeoch - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (2):1800197.
    It is hypothesized that repeated, non‐invasive stimulation of the vestibular (balance) system, via a small electrical current to the skin behind the ears, will cause the brain centers that control energy homeostasis to shift the body toward a leaner physique. This is because these centers integrate multiple inputs to, in effect, fix a set‐point for body fat, which though difficult to alter is not immutable. They will interpret repeated stimulation of the parts of the vestibular system that detect acceleration as (...)
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  26. added 2020-04-28
    Neurasthenia Revisited: On Medically Unexplained Syndromes and the Value of Hermeneutic Medicine.Kevin Aho - 2018 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2018 (1).
    The rise of medically unexplained conditions like fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome in the United States looks remarkably similar to the explosion of neurasthenia diagnoses in the late nineteenth century. In this paper, I argue the historical connection between neurasthenia and today’s medically unexplained conditions hinges largely on the uncritical acceptance of naturalism in medicine. I show how this cultural acceptance shapes the way in which we interpret and make sense of nervous distress while, at the same time, neglecting the (...)
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  27. added 2020-04-28
    Apremilast for the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis.C. Martin Brent, W. Thomas Logan & J. Dann Francis - unknown
    Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic inflammatoryarthropathy that affects joints and entheses andis associated with psoriasis. There are fiveclinical patterns of PsA: symmetrical polyarthritis,distal interphalangeal arthropathy, asymmetricaloligoarthritis, arthritis mutilans, and spondylitis, withor without sacroiliitis. Concerning PsA, the goals oftherapy are to control inflammation, prevent articulardamage, and reduce discomfort in the affected joints.Although there are many therapeutic options forthe treatment of PsAs, physicians most often beginwith nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for mild disease. Disease-modifying anti-rheumaticdrugs are reserved for moderate to severedisease. Apremilast may be (...)
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  28. added 2020-04-28
    A Psychometric Analysis of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Chronic Kidney Disease.Peipert John Devin - unknown
    ABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATIONA Psychometric Analysis of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Chronic Kidney DiseasebyJohn Devin PeipertDoctor of Philosophy in Public HealthUniversity of California, Los Angeles, 2017Professor Donald Morisky, ChairBackground: Survival is a critical outcome in chronic kidney disease, but it provides a limited view of how well patients are doing. Many aspects of patients’ health can only be obtained by patient reported measures, such as health-related quality of life. This dissertation examines the psychometric properties of currently used PRMs in chronic kidney (...)
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  29. added 2020-04-28
    Psychological Recovery in The Metabolic Syndrome In the Context of Antioxidant Therapy - Case Presentation.Gică Avram, Ana-Maria Dumitrescu, Richard Weldon, Corneliu Botez & Rodica Ghiuru - unknown
    Representing a major medical issue, especially in industrialized countries, the metabolic syndrome consists of a complex association of the most dangerous metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors according to the International Diabetes Federation: diabetes and prediabetes, abdominal obesity, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. The oxidative stress has as cause the existence of free radicals or radical-forming agents in higher concentrations than what it would be possible to cope with for the natural radical-blocking or scavenging systems. The effects of the antioxidant (...)
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  30. added 2020-04-28
    Exaltation in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Neuropsychiatric Symptom or Portal to the Divine?Niall McCrae & Rob Whitley - 2014 - Journal of Medical Humanities 35 (3):241-255.
    Religiosity is a prominent feature of the Geschwind syndrome, a behavioural pattern found in some cases of temporal lobe epilepsy. Since the 1950s, when Wilder Penfield induced spiritual feelings by experimental manipulation of the temporal lobes, development of brain imaging technology has revealed neural correlates of intense emotional states, spurring the growth of neurotheology. In their secular empiricism, psychiatry, neurology and psychology are inclined to pathologise deviant religious expression, thereby reinforcing the dualism of objective and phenomenal worlds. Considering theological perspectives (...)
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  31. added 2020-04-28
    How to Measure Motivation to Change Risk Behaviours in the Self-Determination Perspective? The Polish Adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ) Among Patients with Chronic Diseases.Joanna Syska-Sumińska, Maria Jurczyk, Maciej Januszek & Jolanta Życińska - 2012 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 43 (4):261-271.
    The aim of this study was to validate the Polish adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire, which measures the degree of self-determination in risk behaviour changes. The study comprised 219 patients, beginning to undergo treatment. The Global Motivation Scale was used to test a convergent validity. The confirmatory factor analysis did not support the theoretical four-factor model, thus an exploratory analysis was conducted to determine an optimal model across risk behaviours. The adopted two-factor model matched original TSRQ subscales: autonomous motivation (...)
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  32. added 2020-04-28
    The Hallucinations of Frédéric Chopin.Manuel Vázquez Caruncho & Franciso Brañas Fernández - 2011 - Medical Humanities 37 (1):5-8.
    Frédéric Chopin is the epitome of the romantic artist; he had a chronic pulmonary disease that ultimately caused his death at the age of 39. An overlooked neurological condition is discussed in this paper. We consider the possibility of a temporal lobe epilepsy, as throughout his life Chopin had hallucinatory episodes, which can accompany seizure disorders.
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  33. added 2020-04-28
    Getting Under the Skin: The Inscription of Dermatological Disease on the Self-Concept.Tracy Watson & Deon de Bruin - 2006 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 6 (1):1-12.
    Psychological factors have long been associated with the onset, maintenance and exacerbation of many cutaneous disorders (Newell, 2000, p. 8; Papadopoulos, Bor & Legg, 1999, p. 107). Chronic cutaneous disease is often visible to others so that social factors in coping and adjustment are thus highly relevant (Papadopoulos, et al., 1999, p. 107). Psychological factors tend, however, to be overlooked in the dermatological treatment domain when the skin problem is not regarded as life threatening (MacGregor, 1990 as cited in Papadopoulos, (...)
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  34. added 2020-04-28
    The Expert Patient: Outline of UK Government Paper.Stephen Tyreman - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):149-151.
    .This introduction outlines key elements in a recent United Kingdom Department of Health report that, it is hoped, will change attitudes, expectations and practices in the care of patients with chronic illness [Department of Health: 2001, The Expert Patient: A New Approach to Chronic Disease Management for the 21st Century. London: Department of Health.]. The findings of the Task Force are summarised as accurately as possible and without comment. Analysis and comment can be found in the accompanying papers.
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  35. added 2020-04-28
    Living Well with End Stage Renal Disease: Patients' Narratives Interpreted From a Virtue Perspective.Wim Dekkers, Inez Uerz & Jean-Pierre Wils - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (5):485-506.
    Over the last few decades there has been a revival of interest in virtue ethics, with the emphasis on the virtuous caregiver. This paper deals with the ‘virtuous patient’, specifically the patient with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). We believe that a virtue approach provides insights not available to current methods of studying coping styles and coping strategies. Data are derived from seven semi-structured in-depth interviews. The transcripts of the interviews were subjected to an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). The focus (...)
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  36. added 2020-04-28
    The Role of Anemia in Congestive Heart Failure and Chronic Kidney Insufficiency: The Cardio Renal Anemia Syndrome.Donald S. Silverberg, Dov Wexler & Adrian Iaina - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (4):575-589.
  37. added 2020-04-28
    ‘Trouble From Within’: Allergy, Autoimmunity, and Pathology in the First Half of the Twentieth Century.Ohad Parnes - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (3):425-454.
    Traditionally, autoimmune disease has been considered to be a case of false recognition; the immune system mistakenly identifies 'self' tissues as foreign, attacking them thus causing damage and malady. Accordingly, the history of autoimmunity is usually told as part ot the history of immunology, that is, of theories and experiments relating to the ability of the immune system to discriminate between self and nonself. This paper challenges this view, claiming that the emergence of the notion of autoimmunity in the 1950s (...)
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  38. added 2020-04-28
    Ethics, Policy, and Rare Genetic Disorders: The Case of Gaucher Disease in Israel.Michael L. Gross - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (2):151-170.
    Gaucher disease is a rare, chronic,ethnic-specific genetic disorder affecting Jewsof Eastern European descent. It is extremelyexpensive to treat and presents difficultdilemmas for officials and patients in Israelwhere many patients live. First, high-cost,high-benefit, but low volume treatment forGaucher creates severe allocation dilemmas forpolicy makers. Allocation policies driven bycost effectiveness, age, opportunity or needmake it difficult to justify funding. Processoriented decision making based on terms of faircooperation or decisions invoking the ``rule ofrescue'''' risk discriminating against minoritieswho may already suffer from inequitabledistribution of (...)
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  39. added 2020-04-28
    Patient-Controlled Analgesia: Advantages, Disadvantages, and Ethical Issues in the Management of Pain in Sickle Cell Disease.Veronica Thomas - 2002 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Donna Dickenson & Thomas H. Murray (eds.), Healthcare Ethics and Human Values: An Introductory Text with Readings and Case Studies. Blackwell. pp. 252.
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  40. added 2020-04-28
    Managing One's Body Using Self-Management Techniques: Practicing Autonomy.Dick Willems - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):23-38.
    This paper discusses some of the anthropological andphilosophical features of the use of self-managementplans by patients with a chronic disease, focusing onpatients with asthma. Characteristics of thistechnologically mediated form of self-care arecontrasted with the work of Mauss and Foucault on bodytechniques and techniques of self. The similaritiesand differences between self-management of asthma andFoucault's technologies of self highlight some of theways in which self-management contributes tomodifications in the definitions of patients andphysicians. Patients, in measuring their lungfunction, first come to rely on (...)
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  41. added 2020-04-28
    “The Heart Still Beat, but the Brain Doesn't Answer”.Mary C. Olson - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (1):85-95.
    The purpose of this exploratory and descriptive study was to examine old-age dementia in the Hmong community of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Formal and informal Hmong leaders were interviewed to determine the prevalence of dementia in the Hmong community and how it is perceived and experienced. Interviews revealed few cases of dementia among the Hmong. Dementia was perceived as a natural part of the life cycle, rather than as a devastating disease that robs individuals of their autonomy. Treatment is not sought for (...)
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  42. added 2020-04-27
    A Survey on Self-Assessed Well-Being in a Cohort of Chronic Locked-in Syndrome Patients: Happy Majority, Miserable.Athena Demertzi - unknown
    Marie-Aure´lie Bruno,1 Jan L Bernheim,2 Didier Ledoux,1 Fre´de´ric Pellas.
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  43. added 2020-04-27
    Health Psychology: Psychological Adjustment to Chronic Disease.Annette L. Stanton, ­Tracey A. Revenson & Howard Tennen - manuscript
    Chronic diseases carry important psychological and social consequences that demand significant psychological adjustment. The literature is providing increasingly nuanced conceptualizations of adjustment, demonstrating that the experience of chronic disease necessitates adaptation in multiple life domains. Heterogeneity in adjustment is apparent between individuals and across the course of the disease trajectory. Focusing on cancer, cardiovascular disease, and rheumatic diseases, we review longitudinal investigations of distal (socioeconomic variables, culture/ethnicity, and gender-related processes) and proximal (interpersonal relationships, personality attributes, cognitive appraisals, and coping processes) (...)
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  44. added 2020-04-27
    Striking the Balance with Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare: The Case of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.Eleanor Alexandra Byrne - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  45. added 2020-04-27
    Passing Strategies and Performative Identities: Coping with Visible Chronic Diseases.Tanisha Jemma Rose Spratt - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Humanities:1-16.
    In this article I consider the role of passing and performance in the everyday lives of alkaptonuria and vitiligo patients. Race, LGBTQ, gender and disability scholars have long used the term passing to describe sub-groups of people within marginal populations who intentionally manipulate their bodies or alter their behaviour in order to claim identities that are not socially assigned to them at birth. In this paper I demonstrate the effectiveness of the passing strategies that patients use in order to mitigate (...)
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  46. added 2020-04-27
    What It Means to Care for a Person with a Chronic Disease: Integrating the Patient’s Experience Into the Medical Viewpoint.Marie Gaille - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  47. added 2020-04-27
    Passing Strategies and Performative Identities: Coping with Visible Chronic Diseases.Tanisha Jemma Rose Spratt - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Humanities:1-16.
    In this article I consider the role of passing and performance in the everyday lives of alkaptonuria and vitiligo patients. Race, LGBTQ, gender and disability scholars have long used the term passing to describe sub-groups of people within marginal populations who intentionally manipulate their bodies or alter their behaviour in order to claim identities that are not socially assigned to them at birth. In this paper I demonstrate the effectiveness of the passing strategies that patients use in order to mitigate (...)
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  48. added 2020-04-27
    Asymptotic Behavior of a Stochastic Delayed Model for Chronic Hepatitis B Infection.Bo Wu & Jianwen Jia - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-19.
    In this paper, a stochastic delayed model is constructed to describe chronic hepatitis B infection with HBV DNA-containing capsids. At first, the existence and uniqueness of the global positive solution are obtained. Secondly, the sufficient conditions are derived that the solution of the stochastic system fluctuates around the disease-free equilibrium E0 and the endemic equilibrium E∗. In the end, some numerical simulations are implemented to support our analytical results.
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  49. added 2020-04-27
    Prevalence of Childhood Obesity and Undernutrition Among Urban School Children in Bangladesh.Niru Sultana, Sadya Afroz, Nehlin Tomalika, Hasina Momtaz & Md Humayun Kabir - 2019 - Journal of Biosocial Science 51 (2):244-253.
    SummaryDespite the ongoing problems of undernutrition and infectious disease, obesity and overweight have become a major problem in developing countries, including Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of obesity, overweight and underweight among school children aged 6–12 years in Bangladesh. The study was conducted from June 2012 to May 2013 and the study sample comprised 1768 children from eight purposively selected schools in different areas of Dhaka city. Students were interviewed about their diet and physical activity, (...)
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  50. added 2020-04-27
    An Expert System for Arthritis Diseases Diagnosis Using SL5 Object.Hosni Qasim El-Mashharawi, Izzeddin A. Alshawwa, Mohammed Elkahlout & Samy S. Abu-Naser - 2019 - International Journal of Academic Health and Medical Research (IJAHMR) 3 (4):28-35.
    Background: Arthritis is very common but is not well understood. Actually, “arthritis” is not a single disease; it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis and related conditions. People of all ages, sexes and races can and do have arthritis, and it is the leading cause of disability in America. More than 50 million adults and 300,000 children have some type of arthritis. It is most common (...)
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