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Summary Chrysippus of Soli was the third and probably most important head of the Athenian Stoa. He is credited with systematizing early Stoic philosophy and was famed in antiquity as a logician, rivaled only by Aristotle. He is reported to have written 705 books, all of which are lost save for quotations from later authors and a few papyrus fragments recovered from Herculaneum.
Key works The standard collection of the ancient evidence for Chrysippus remains von Arnim 1903-24. For logical fragments see Hülser 1987.
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  1. Aspects and Problems of Chrysippus’ Conception of Space.Michele Alessandrelli - 2014 - In Christoph Horn, Christoph Helmig & Graziano Ranocchia (eds.), Space in Hellenistic Philosophy: Critical Studies in Ancient Physics. De Gruyter. pp. 53-68.
  2. Chrysippus on Virtuous Abstention From Ugly Old Women (Plutarch, Sr 1038E–1039A).Keimpe Algra - 1990 - Classical Quarterly 40 (02):450-.
    Plutarch, at De Stoicorum repugnantiis 1038e–1039a , quotes and briefly discusses a fragment from Chrysippus' On Zeus . This quotation is to some extent paralleled by the scrap, taken from Chrysippus' On the Gods , which immediately follows at SR 1039a . Both quotations are again referred to by Plutarch at De communibus notitiis 1061a . Although the correct constitution of the text is controversial, it is at least clear that the fragment from the On Zeus deals with the fact (...)
  3. Academic Probabilism and Stoic Epistemology.James Allen - 1994 - Classical Quarterly 44 (1):85.
    Developments in the Academy from the time of Arcesilaus to that of Carneades and his successors tend to be classified under two heads: scepticism and probabilism. Carneades was principally responsible for the Academy's view of the latter subject, and our sources credit him with an elaborate discussion of it. The evidence furnished by those sources is, however, frequently confusing and sometimes self-contradictory. My aim in this paper is to extract a coherent account of Carneades' theory of probability from the testimony (...)
  4. Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind.Julia E. Annas - 1992 - University of California Press.
    "Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind" is an elegant survey of Stoic and Epicurean ideas about the soul an introduction to two ancient schools whose belief in the soul's physicality offer compelling parallels to modern approaches in the ...
  5. Papers In Hellenistic Philosophy. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (1):108-109.
  6. Reading Between the Lies: Plutarch and Chrysippus on the Uses of Poetry.David Blank - 2011 - In Michael Frede, James V. Allen, Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson, Wolfgang-Rainer Mann & Benjamin Morison (eds.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 40--237.
  7. The Combinatorics of Stoic Conjunction; or, Hipparchus Refuted, Chrysippus Vindicated.Susanne Bobzien - 2011 - In James Allen, Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson, Benjamin Morison & Wolfgang-Rainer Mann (eds.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 40: Essays in Memory of Michael Frede. Oxford University Press. pp. 40--157.
  8. Chrysippus and the Epistemic Theory of Vagueness.Susanne Bobzien - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102 (1):217-238.
    ABSTRACT: Recently a bold and admirable interpretation of Chrysippus’ position on the Sorites has been presented, suggesting that Chrysippus offered a solution to the Sorites by (i) taking an epistemicist position1 which (ii) made allowances for higher-order vagueness. In this paper I argue (i) that Chrysippus did not take an epistemicist position, but − if any − a non-epistemic one which denies truth-values to some cases in a Sorites-series, and (ii) that it is uncertain whether and how he made allowances (...)
  9. Chrysippus' Theory of Causes.Susanne Bobzien - 1999 - In Katerina Ierodiakonou (ed.), Topics in Stoic Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    ABSTRACT: A systematic reconstruction of Chrysippus’ theory of causes, grounded on the Stoic tenets that causes are bodies, that they are relative, and that all causation can ultimately be traced back to the one ‘active principle’ which pervades all things. I argue that Chrysippus neither developed a finished taxonomy of causes, nor intended to do so, and that he did not have a set of technical terms for mutually exclusive classes of causes. Rather, the various adjectives which he used for (...)
  10. Chrysippus' Modal Logic and Its Relation to Philo and Diodorus.Susanne Bobzien - 1993 - In K. Doering & Th Ebert (eds.), Dialektiker und Stoiker. Franz Steiner. pp. 63--84.
    ABSTRACT: The modal systems of the Stoic logician Chrysippus and the two Hellenistic logicians Philo and Diodorus Cronus have survived in a fragmentary state in several sources. From these it is clear that Chrysippus was acquainted with Philo’s and Diodorus’ modal notions, and also that he developed his own in contrast of Diodorus’ and in some way incorporated Philo’s. The goal of this paper is to reconstruct the three modal systems, including their modal definitions and modal theorems, and to make (...)
  11. Chrysippus' Puzzle About Identity.John Bowin - 2003 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 24:239-251.
    In 'Chrysippus' Puzzle about Identity', John Bowin (thereafter JB) cogently strengthens David Sedley's reading of the puzzle of Chrysippus as a reductio ad absurdum of the Growing Argument. For Sedley, Chrysippus reduces to absurdity the assumption that matter is the sole principle of identity by refuting its presupposition that the two protagonists of the puzzle, namely Theon and Dion, are related as part to the whole. According to Plutarch's Comm. not. 1083 a8-c1, however, the Growing Argument concludes by posing that (...)
  12. Les Kynica du Stoïcisme, by Marie-Odile Goulet-Cazé.R. Bracht Branham - 2006 - Ancient Philosophy 26 (2):443-447.
  13. Les Kynica du Stoïcisme.R. Bracht Branham - 2006 - Ancient Philosophy 26 (2):443-447.
  14. Epicureans and Stoics on Universals.Ada Bronowski - 2013 - In Riccardo Chiaradonna Gabriele Galluzzo (ed.), Universals in Ancient Philosophy. Edizioni della Normale. pp. 255-297.
    Epicureans and Stoics reject the independent existence of the Platonic Ideas. This paper assesses what both schools put forward as substitutes for universals. Both Epicureans and Stoics appeal to an a posteriori mental capacity for generalisation but that is where their shared commitments end. the divergences are mapped out, against a tendency in historiography to assimilate the two strategies, and both theories are then analysed independently.
  15. Papers in Hellenistic Philosophy.Jacques Brunschwig (ed.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection makes available in English twelve papers by the distinguished French scholar Professor Jacques Brunschwig. The essays deal with problems arising in the texts and doctrines of the three major philosophical schools of the Hellenistic period - Epicureanism, Stoicism and Scepticism. The author's strategy is to focus on some specific problem and then to enlarge the conclusion of his discussion so as to reformulate or reassess some more important issue. The main subjects tackled are: problems in Epicurean cosmology and (...)
  16. On a Book Title by Chrysippus:“On the Fact That the Ancients Admitted Dialectic Along with Demonstrations”.Jacques Brunschwig - 1991 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy:81-95.
  17. The Soul and Personal Identity in Early Stoicism: Two Theories?Aiste Celkyte - forthcoming - Apeiron.
    Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print. This paper is dedicated to exploring the alleged difference between Cleanthes’ and Chrysippus’ accounts of the post-mortal survival of the souls and the conceptions of personal identity that these accounts underpin. I argue that while Cleanthes conceptualised the personal identity as grounded in the rational soul, Chrysippus conceptualised it as the being an embodied rational soul. I also suggest that this difference between the two early Stoics might have been due to his metaphysical commitments arising (...)
  18. The Stoic Definition of Beauty as Summetria.Aiste Celkyte - 2017 - Classical Quarterly 67 (1).
    The Stoa might be not the first philosophical school that comes to mind when considering the most important ancient contributions to aesthetics, yet multiple extant fragments show that the Stoics had a non-marginal theoretical interest in aesthetic properties. Probably the most important piece of evidence for the Stoic attempts to theorize beauty is the definition of beauty as summetria of parts with each other and with the whole. In the first half of this article, I present and analyse the main (...)
  19. Sept. 7, 2007 Chrysippus on Physical Elements.John Cooper - manuscript
    My ultimate purpose here is to examine, discuss, and interpret a difficult excerpt in Stobaeus’ 5th c. AD anthology, alleging to report—uniquely, it appears—a distinction Chrysippus drew between three different applications of the term stoixe›on or element (i.e., physical element).1 Stobaeus lists this passage as giving opinions specifically of Chrysippus “about the elements out of substance” (per‹ t«n §k t∞w oÈs€aw stoixe€vn), though in holding them he says Chrysippus was following Zeno, the leader of his sect. Hermann Diels (1879) identified (...)
  20. Chrysippus on Physical Elements.John M. Cooper - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press.
  21. Chrysippus on Achilles: The Evidence of Galen de Placitis Hippocratis Et Platonis 4.6–7.Helen Cullyer - 2008 - Classical Quarterly 58 (2):537-.
  22. Rational Impressions and the Stoic Philosophy of Mind.Vanessa de Harven - forthcoming - In John Sisko (ed.), History of Philosophy of Mind: Pre-Socratics to Augustine. Acumen Publishing.
    This paper seeks to elucidate the distinctive nature of the rational impression on its own terms, asking precisely what it means for the Stoics to define logikē phantasia as an impression whose content is expressible in language. I argue first that impression, generically, is direct and reflexive awareness of the world, the way animals get information about their surroundings. Then, that the rational impression, specifically, is inherently conceptual, inferential, and linguistic, i.e. thick with propositional content, the way humans receive incoming (...)
  23. Necessity, Possibility and Determinism in Stoic Thought.Vanessa de Harven - 2016 - In Max Cresswel, Edwin Mares & Adriane Rini (eds.), Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 70-90.
    At the heart of the Stoic theory of modality is a strict commitment to bivalence, even for future contingents. A commitment to both future truth and contingency has often been thought paradoxical. This paper argues that the Stoic retreat from necessity is successful. it maintains that the Stoics recognized three distinct senses of necessity and possibility: logical, metaphysical and providential. Logical necessity consists of truths that are knowable a priori. Metaphysical necessity consists of truths that are knowable a posteriori, a (...)
  24. How Nothing Can Be Something: The Stoic Theory of Void.Vanessa de Harven - 2015 - Ancient Philosophy 35 (2):405-429.
    Void is at the heart of Stoic metaphysics. As the incorporeal par excellence, being defined purely in terms of lacking body, it brings into sharp focus the Stoic commitment to non-existent Somethings. This article argues that Stoic void, far from rendering the Stoic system incoherent or merely ad hoc, in fact reflects a principled and coherent physicalism that sets the Stoics apart from their materialist predecessors and atomist neighbors.
  25. Papers in Hellenistic Philosophy. [REVIEW]John Dillon - 1999 - International Studies in Philosophy 31 (4):102-103.
  26. Stoic Ethics Jedan Stoic Virtues. Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics. Pp. Xii + 230. London and New York: Continuum, 2009. Cased, £65. ISBN: 978-1-4411-1252-1. [REVIEW]Henry Dyson - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):423-425.
  27. In Defence of the Dialectical School.Theodor Ebert - 2008 - In Francesca Alesse (ed.), Anthropine Sophia. Studi di filologia e storiografia filosofica in memoria di Gabriele Giannantoni. Bibliopolis. pp. 275-293.
    In this paper I defend the existence of a Dialectical school proper against criticisms brought forward by Klaus Döring and by Jonathan Barnes. Whereas Döring claims that there was no Dialectical school separate from the Megarians, Barnes takes issue with my claim (argued for in “Dialektiker und frühe Stoiker bei Sextus Empiricus”) that most of the reports in Sextus on the dialecticians refer to members of the Dialectical school. Barnes contends that these dialecticians are in fact Stoic logicians. As against (...)
  28. Chrysippus on Retribution and Rehabilitation.Paulo Fernando Tadeu Ferreira - 2013 - Doispontos 10 (2).
  29. Scepticism and Animal Rationality: The Fortune of Chrysippus' Dog in the History of Western Thought.Luciano Floridi - 1997 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 79 (1):27-57.
  30. Cicero's Reflections on Chrysippus' Theory Peri Sympatheias in His De Fato (IV, 7-V, II).Peter Frano - 2013 - Filozofia 68 (2):93-104.
  31. Early Stoic Eros: The Sexual Ethics of Zeno and Chrysippus and Their Evaluation of the Greek Erotic Tradition.Kathy L. Gaca - 2000 - Apeiron 33 (3):207 - 238.
  32. Eros in the Physics of Ancient Stoicism (Why Did Chrysippus Think of a Cosmogonal Fellatio?).Pau Gilabert Barberà - unknown
    The aim of this article is to show not only what is the role played by eros in the Physics of the Ancient Stoicism but also to discover the meaning of the allegorical fellatio, a cosmogonal fellatio, which was introduced by Chrysippus in his Erotic Letters. The meaning of this intellectual boldness becomes quite clear if the texts are analyzed in accordance with the allegorical interpretation developed by the Stoics and when we also analyze the enodatio nominum of the word (...)
  33. Chrysippus on Psychology T. Tieleman: Chrysippus' On Affections. Reconstruction and Interpretation . (Philosophia Antiqua 94.) Pp. Xii + 346. Leiden: Brill, 2003. Cased. ISBN: 90-04-12998-. [REVIEW]Christopher Gill - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (02):449-.
  34. Did Chrysippus Understand Medea?Christopher Gill - 1983 - Phronesis 28 (2):136-149.
  35. Two Points Regarding Chrysippean Theology.Rory Goggins - 2011 - Ancient Philosophy 31 (2):339-350.
  36. The Philosophy of Chrysippus.Josiah Gould - 1970 - Leiden: Brill.
    PHILOSOPHY AND CULTURAL CHANGE Harold Taylor The relation between philosophy and education has grown more and more tenuous as the practitioners of each have ...
  37. The Philosophy of Chrysippus.Josiah B. Gould - 1970 - State University of New York Press.
    The Philosophy of Chrysippus is a reconstruction of the philosophy of an eminent Stoic philosopher, based upon the fragmentary remains of his voluminous writings. Chrysippus of Cilicia, who lived in a period that covers roughly the last three-quarters of the third century B.C., studied philosophy in Athens and upon Cleanthes’ death became the third head of the Stoa, one of the four great schools of philosophy of the Hellenistic period. Chrysippus wrote a number of treatises in each of the major (...)
  38. Chrysippus: On the Criteria for the Truth of a Conditional Proposition.Josiah B. Gould - 1967 - Phronesis 12 (1):152-161.
  39. Emotion and Peace of Mind. [REVIEW]Margaret Graver - 2002 - Ancient Philosophy 22 (1):225-234.
  40. Stoic Philosophy and the Question of How Quintilian Knew Chrysippus.A. Grilli - 1996 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 51 (2):245-256.
  41. Chrysippus' Solution to the Democritean Dilemma of the Cone.David E. Hahm - 1972 - Isis 63 (2):205-220.
  42. A Ciceronian Critique of Chrysippus.Graeme Hunter - 1994 - Apeiron 27 (1):17 - 23.
  43. Chrysippus's Response to Diodorus's Master Argument.Harry Ide - 1992 - History and Philosophy of Logic 13 (2):133-148.
    Chrysippus claims that some propositions perish. including some true conditionals whose consequent is impossible and antecedent is possible, to which he appeals against Diodorus?s Master Argument. On the standard interpretation. perished propositions lack truth values. and these conditionals are true at the same time as their antecedents arc possible and consequents impossible. But perished propositions are false, and Chrysippus?s conditionals are true when their antecedent and consequent arc possible, and false when their antecedent is possible and consequent impossible. The claim (...)
  44. Chrysippus' Dog as a Case Study In.M. Iehael Reseorla - 2009 - In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press.
  45. Chrysippus on Extension and the Void.B. Inwood - 1991 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 45 (178):245-266.
  46. The Theodicy Of Chrysippus.Joanna Jarzebiak - 2005 - Existentia 15 (1-2):113-125.
  47. Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics.Christoph Jedan - 2009 - Continuum.
    The book argues that the theological motifs in Stoic philosophy are pivotal to our understanding of Stoic ethics. Part One offers an introductory overview of the religious world view of the Stoics. Part Two examines the Stoic characterizations of virtue and the virtues. Part Three deals with Stoic theories of how human beings can become virtuous. Part Four studies the practices of Stoic ethics. It shows inter alia how the Chrysippean table of virtues is still an (unacknowledged) influence behind Panaetius’ (...)
  48. Chrysippus: On the Criteria for the Truth of a Conditional Proposition.Josiah B. Gould Jr - 1967 - Phronesis 12 (2):152 - 161.
  49. Chrysippus on Nature and Soul in Animals.Anna Eunyoung Ju - 2007 - Classical Quarterly 57 (01):97-.
  50. Chrysippus.Jeremy Kirby - 2011 - In James Fieser & Bradley Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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