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Summary Chrysippus of Soli was the third and probably most important head of the Athenian Stoa. He is credited with systematizing early Stoic philosophy and was famed in antiquity as a logician, rivaled only by Aristotle. He is reported to have written 705 books, all of which are lost save for quotations from later authors and a few papyrus fragments recovered from Herculaneum.
Key works The standard collection of the ancient evidence for Chrysippus remains von Arnim 1903-24. For logical fragments see Hülser 1987.
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  1. added 2020-03-19
    Seneca e Galeno sulla struttura proposizionale delle passioni in Crisippo.Pierluigi Donini - 2007 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 3.
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  2. added 2020-03-19
    Come Qintiliano conobbe Crisippo?Alberto Grilli - 1996 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 2.
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  3. added 2020-02-05
    Chrysippus’s Elemental Theory.Ian Hensley - 2017 - Ancient Philosophy 37 (2):361-385.
  4. added 2019-09-06
    The Combinatorics of Stoic Conjunction.Susanne Bobzien - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 40:157-188.
    ABSTRACT: The 3rd BCE Stoic logician "Chrysippus says that the number of conjunctions constructible from ten propositions exceeds one million. Hipparchus refuted this, demonstrating that the affirmative encompasses 103,049 conjunctions and the negative 310,952." After laying dormant for over 2000 years, the numbers in this Plutarch passage were recently identified as the 10th (and a derivative of the 11th) Schröder number, and F. Acerbi showed how the 2nd BCE astronomer Hipparchus could have calculated them. What remained unexplained is why Hipparchus’ (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Bivalencia, fatalismo e inacción en Crisipo.Ricardo Salles - 2004 - Critica 36 (106):3-27.
    Este ensayo ofrece un análisis del argumento de Crisipo a favor de que todo tiene una causa en Cicerón, De Fato 20. Para ello, se discute en qué sentido el argumento es fatalista y si el tipo de fatalismo que implica alienta la inacción. Asimismo, se presenta una nueva interpretación de la réplica de Crisipo al Argumento Perezoso en Eusebio, Praep. ev. 6.8.28. En particular se sostiene que, para Crisipo, la relación entre sucesos codestinados es analítica: a fin de determinar (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Galen & Chrysippus on the Soul: Argument and Refutation in the De Placitis, Books II-III. [REVIEW]Gretchen J. Reydams-Schils - 2004 - Ancient Philosophy 24 (2):510-519.
  7. added 2019-06-06
    Papers in Hellenistic Philosophy.Jonathan Barnes, Jacques Brunschwig & Janet Lloyd - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (1):108.
    “Review a friend’s book? Surely that’s not done: magis amica, no doubt, veritas—but friendship stops the critic’s nose for truth and smoothes his tongue to bland civilities.” But here there’s not the smallest risk of fudge; for here the most exacting reader will heap up superlatives. In truth, you’ll meet no finer work on Hellenistic thought than what’s between the covers of this book.
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    The Hellenistic Philosophers: Volume 1, Translations of the Principal Sources with Philosophical Commentary.A. A. Long & D. N. Sedley - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    Volume 1 presents the texts in new translations by the authors, and these are accompanied by a philosophical and historical commentary designed for use by all readers, including those with no background in the classical world. With its glossary and indexes, this volume can stand alone as an independent tool of study.
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  9. added 2019-06-05
    The Philosophy of Chrysippus. Gould - 1970 - Leiden: Brill.
    The Philosophy of Chrysippus is a reconstruction of the philosophy of an eminent Stoic philosopher, based upon the fragmentary remains of his voluminous writings. Chrysippus of Cilicia, who lived in a period that covers roughly the last three-quarters of the third century B.C., studied philosophy in Athens and upon Cleanthes’ death became the third head of the Stoa, one of the four great schools of philosophy of the Hellenistic period. Chrysippus wrote a number of treatises in each of the major (...)
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  10. added 2018-09-18
    Die Erfindung kosmopolitaner Politik durch die Stoiker.Eric Brown - 2010 - In Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Andreas Niederberger & Philipp Schink (eds.), Kosmopolitanismus: Zur Geschichte und Zukunft eines umstrittenen Ideals. Weilerswist, Germany: Velbrück Wissenschaft. pp. 9-24.
    This lecture explores the political import of Chrysippus' account of why and how one should live as a citizen of the cosmos, and it makes a case for seeing this account as the invention of political cosmopolitanism. (The preprint uploaded here is the final English draft on which the German translation was based.).
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  11. added 2018-09-16
    Galen on the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato.Phillip Galen & De Lacy - 1978 - Akademie Verlag.
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  12. added 2018-09-16
    Cl. Galeni de Hippocratis Et Platonis Dogmatibus Libri Ix.Janus Galen, Pietro Cornarius, Joannes Bernardus Corvesi, Paul Felicianus & Nicolaus Miralliet - 1550 - Apud Paulum Mirallietum ..
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  13. added 2018-08-26
    Bodies, Predicates, and Fated Truths: Ontological Distinctions and the Terminology of Causation in Defenses of Stoic Determinism by Chrysippus and Seneca.Jula Wildberger - 2013 - In Francesca Guadelupe Masi & Stefano Maso (eds.), Fate, Chance, Fortune in Ancient Thought. Amsterdam: Hakkert. pp. 103-123.
    Reconstructs the original Greek version of the confatalia-argument that Cicero attributes to Chrysippus in De fato and misrepresent in crucial ways. Compares this argument with Seneca's discussion of determinism in the Naturales quaestiones. Clarifies that Seneca makes a different distinction from that attested in Cicero's De fato. Argues that problems with interpreting both accounts derive from disregarding terminological distinctions harder to spot in the Latin versions and, related to this, insufficient attention to the ontological distinction between bodies (such as Fate) (...)
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  14. added 2017-09-18
    The Soul and Personal Identity in Early Stoicism: Two Theories?Aiste Celkyte - forthcoming - Apeiron.
    Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print. This paper is dedicated to exploring the alleged difference between Cleanthes’ and Chrysippus’ accounts of the post-mortal survival of the souls and the conceptions of personal identity that these accounts underpin. I argue that while Cleanthes conceptualised the personal identity as grounded in the rational soul, Chrysippus conceptualised it as an embodied rational soul. I also suggest that this difference between the two early Stoics might have been due to Chrysippus' metaphysical commitments arising from his (...)
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  15. added 2017-04-01
    The Stoic Definition of Beauty as Summetria.Aiste Celkyte - 2017 - Classical Quarterly 67 (1).
    The Stoa might be not the first philosophical school that comes to mind when considering the most important ancient contributions to aesthetics, yet multiple extant fragments show that the Stoics had a non-marginal theoretical interest in aesthetic properties. Probably the most important piece of evidence for the Stoic attempts to theorize beauty is the definition of beauty as summetria of parts with each other and with the whole. In the first half of this article, I present and analyse the main (...)
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  16. added 2017-03-23
    Ambivalence for Cognitivists: A Lesson From Chrysippus?Bill Wringe - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):147-156.
    Ambivalence—where we experience two conflicting emotional responses to the same object, person or state of affairs—is sometimes thought to pose a problem for cognitive theories of emotion. Drawing on the ideas of the Stoic Chrysippus, I argue that a cognitivist can account for ambivalence without retreating from the view that emotions involve fully-fledged evaluative judgments. It is central to the account I offer that emotions involve two kinds of judgment: one about the object of emotion, and one about the subject's (...)
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  17. added 2017-02-11
    Eros in the Physics of Ancient Stoicism (Why Did Chrysippus Think of a Cosmogonal Fellatio?).Pau Gilabert Barberà - unknown
    The aim of this article is to show not only what is the role played by eros in the Physics of the Ancient Stoicism but also to discover the meaning of the allegorical fellatio, a cosmogonal fellatio, which was introduced by Chrysippus in his Erotic Letters. The meaning of this intellectual boldness becomes quite clear if the texts are analyzed in accordance with the allegorical interpretation developed by the Stoics and when we also analyze the enodatio nominum of the word (...)
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  18. added 2017-01-28
    Galen and Chrysippus Argument and Refutation in the de Placitis, Books Ii-Iii = Galenus En Chrysippus : Argumentatie En Weerlegging in de de Placitis, Boeken Ii En Iii.Teunis Lambertus Tieleman - 1992 - Department of Philosophy, University of Utrecht.
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  19. added 2017-01-27
    The Theodicy Of Chrysippus.Joanna Jarzebiak - 2005 - Existentia 15 (1-2):113-125.
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  20. added 2017-01-27
    Stoic Philosophy and the Question of How Quintilian Knew Chrysippus.A. Grilli - 1996 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 51 (2):245-256.
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  21. added 2017-01-26
    Chrysippus.Jeremy Kirby - 2011 - In James Fieser & Bradley Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  22. added 2017-01-26
    Chrysippus' Dog as a Case Study In.M. Iehael Reseorla - 2009 - In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press.
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  23. added 2017-01-26
    Chrysippus on P. 9» C/Top/Iysical Causality.David Sedley - 1993 - In Jacques Brunschwig & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.), Passions & Perceptions: Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind: Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium Hellenisticum. Cambridge University Press. pp. 2--313.
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  24. added 2017-01-26
    Chrysippus on Extension and the Void.B. Inwood - 1991 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 45 (178):245-266.
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  25. added 2017-01-26
    On a Book Title by Chrysippus:“On the Fact That the Ancients Admitted Dialectic Along with Demonstrations”.Jacques Brunschwig - 1991 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy:81-95.
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  26. added 2017-01-25
    Cicero's Reflections on Chrysippus' Theory Peri Sympatheias in His De Fato (IV, 7-V, II).Peter Frano - 2013 - Filozofia 68 (2):93-104.
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  27. added 2017-01-24
    Reading Between the Lies: Plutarch and Chrysippus on the Uses of Poetry.David Blank - 2011 - In Michael Frede, James V. Allen, Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson, Wolfgang-Rainer Mann & Benjamin Morison (eds.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 40--237.
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  28. added 2017-01-17
    Chrysippus on Retribution and Rehabilitation.Paulo Fernando Tadeu Ferreira - 2013 - Doispontos 10 (2).
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  29. added 2017-01-17
    Chrysippus’ on Affections: Reconstruction and Interpretation.Teun Tieleman (ed.) - 2003 - Brill.
    This book reconstructs and interprets the theory of the emotions as expounded by the Stoic philosopher Chrysippus in his 'On Affections', only fragments of which remain. Given its contextual approach, sources such as Galen and Cicero receive ample attention.
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  30. added 2017-01-17
    Galen and Chrysippus on the Soul: Argument and Refutation in the de Placitis Books Ii - Iii.Teun Tieleman - 1996 - Brill.
    In this work, new light is thrown on the philosophical method of the great Stoic Chrysippus on the basis of the fragments preserved by Galen in his _De Placitis_ books II-III. Included is a study of Galen's aims and methodologies.
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  31. added 2017-01-16
    Chrysippus' Solution to the Democritean Dilemma of the Cone.David E. Hahm - 1972 - Isis 63 (2):205-220.
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  32. added 2017-01-15
    Chrysippus on Infinite Divisibility.Robert B. Todd - 1973 - Apeiron 7 (1):21.
  33. added 2017-01-14
    Aspects and Problems of Chrysippus’ Conception of Space.Michele Alessandrelli - 2014 - In Christoph Horn, Christoph Helmig & Graziano Ranocchia (eds.), Space in Hellenistic Philosophy: Critical Studies in Ancient Physics. De Gruyter. pp. 53-68.
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  34. added 2016-12-12
    Papers in Hellenistic Philosophy.Jacques Brunschwig (ed.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection makes available in English twelve papers by the distinguished French scholar Professor Jacques Brunschwig. The essays deal with problems arising in the texts and doctrines of the three major philosophical schools of the Hellenistic period - Epicureanism, Stoicism and Scepticism. The author's strategy is to focus on some specific problem and then to enlarge the conclusion of his discussion so as to reformulate or reassess some more important issue. The main subjects tackled are: problems in Epicurean cosmology and (...)
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  35. added 2016-12-08
    The Chrysippus Intuition and Contextual Theories of Truth.Jay Newhard - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 142 (3):345-352.
    Contextual theories of truth are motivated primarily by the resolution they provide to paradoxical reasoning about truth. The principal argument for contextual theories of truth relies on a key intuition about the truth value of the proposition expressed by a particular utterance made during paradoxical reasoning, which Anil Gupta calls “the Chrysippus intuition.” In this paper, I argue that the principal argument for contextual theories of truth is circular, and that the Chrysippus intuition is false. I conclude that the philosophical (...)
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  36. added 2016-12-08
    Aristotle and Chrysippus on the Physiology of Human Action.Priscilla K. Sakezles - 1998 - Apeiron 31 (2):127 - 165.
  37. added 2016-09-01
    Sept. 7, 2007 Chrysippus on Physical Elements.John Cooper - manuscript
    My ultimate purpose here is to examine, discuss, and interpret a difficult excerpt in Stobaeus’ 5th c. AD anthology, alleging to report—uniquely, it appears—a distinction Chrysippus drew between three different applications of the term stoixe›on or element (i.e., physical element).1 Stobaeus lists this passage as giving opinions specifically of Chrysippus “about the elements out of substance” (per‹ t«n §k t∞w oÈs€aw stoixe€vn), though in holding them he says Chrysippus was following Zeno, the leader of his sect. Hermann Diels (1879) identified (...)
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  38. added 2016-09-01
    Two Points Regarding Chrysippean Theology.Rory Goggins - 2011 - Ancient Philosophy 31 (2):339-350.
  39. added 2016-09-01
    Les Kynica du Stoïcisme.R. Bracht Branham - 2006 - Ancient Philosophy 26 (2):443-447.
  40. added 2016-09-01
    Stoic Gunk.Daniel P. Nolan - 2006 - Phronesis 51 (2):162-183.
    The surviving sources on the Stoic theory of division reveal that the Stoics, particularly Chrysippus, believed that bodies, places and times were such that all of their parts themselves had proper parts. That is, bodies, places and times were composed of gunk. This realisation helps solve some long-standing puzzles about the Stoic theory of mixture and the Stoic attitude to the present.
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  41. added 2016-09-01
    Les Kynica du Stoïcisme, by Marie-Odile Goulet-Cazé.R. Bracht Branham - 2006 - Ancient Philosophy 26 (2):443-447.
  42. added 2016-09-01
    Stoics and Cynics: M.-O. Goulet-Cazé: Les Kynica du Stoïcisme. [REVIEW]John Sellars - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (01):69-.
  43. added 2016-09-01
    Early Stoic Eros: The Sexual Ethics of Zeno and Chrysippus and Their Evaluation of the Greek Erotic Tradition.Kathy L. Gaca - 2000 - Apeiron 33 (3):207 - 238.
  44. added 2016-09-01
    La deixis selon Zénon et Chrysippe.Pierre Pachet - 1975 - Phronesis 20 (3):241-246.
  45. added 2016-09-01
    Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta.Hans Friedrich August von Arnim (ed.) - 1903-24 - Teubner.
  46. added 2016-05-14
    Stoic Ethics Jedan Stoic Virtues. Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics. Pp. Xii + 230. London and New York: Continuum, 2009. Cased, £65. ISBN: 978-1-4411-1252-1. [REVIEW]Henry Dyson - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):423-425.
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  47. added 2016-05-14
    Chrysippus Confronts the Liar: The Case for Stoic Cassationism.Michael Papazian - 2012 - History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (3):197-214.
    The Stoic philosopher Chrysippus wrote extensively on the liar paradox, but unfortunately the extant testimony on his response to the paradox is meager and mainly hostile. Modern scholars, beginning with Alexander Rüstow in the first decade of the twentieth century, have attempted to reconstruct Chrysippus? solution. Rüstow argued that Chrysippus advanced a cassationist solution, that is, one in which sentences such as ?I am speaking falsely? do not express propositions. Two more recent scholars, Walter Cavini and Mario Mignucci, have rejected (...)
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  48. added 2016-05-14
    Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics.Christoph Jedan - 2009 - Continuum.
    The book argues that the theological motifs in Stoic philosophy are pivotal to our understanding of Stoic ethics. Part One offers an introductory overview of the religious world view of the Stoics. Part Two examines the Stoic characterizations of virtue and the virtues. Part Three deals with Stoic theories of how human beings can become virtuous. Part Four studies the practices of Stoic ethics. It shows inter alia how the Chrysippean table of virtues is still an (unacknowledged) influence behind Panaetius’ (...)
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  49. added 2016-05-14
    Chrysippus on Physical Elements.John M. Cooper - 2009 - In Ricardo Salles (ed.), God and Cosmos in Stoicism. Oxford University Press.
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  50. added 2016-05-14
    Chrysippus' Dog as a Case Study in Non-Linguistic Cognition.Michael Rescorla - 2009 - In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press. pp. 52--71.
    I critique an ancient argument for the possibility of non-linguistic deductive inference. The argument, attributed to Chrysippus, describes a dog whose behavior supposedly reflects disjunctive syllogistic reasoning. Drawing on contemporary robotics, I urge that we can equally well explain the dog's behavior by citing probabilistic reasoning over cognitive maps. I then critique various experimentally-based arguments from scientific psychology that echo Chrysippus's anecdotal presentation.
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