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  1. A Special Role for the Genotype? Some Comments on Keith Baverstock: “The Gene: An Appraisal”.Roll-Hansen Nils - forthcoming - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.
    There is at present uneasiness about the conceptual basis of genetics. The gene concept has become blurred and there are problems with the distinction between genotype and phenotype. In the present paper I go back to their role in the creation of modern genetics in the early twentieth century. The terms were introduced by the Danish botanist and geneticist Wilhelm Johannsen in his big textbook of 1909. Historical accounts usually concentrate on this book and his 1911 paper “The Genotype Conception (...)
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  2. A Special Role for the Genotype? Some Comments on Keith Baverstock: “The Gene: An Appraisal”.Nils Roll-Hansen - forthcoming - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.
    There is at present uneasiness about the conceptual basis of genetics. The gene concept has become blurred and there are problems with the distinction between genotype and phenotype. In the present paper I go back to their role in the creation of modern genetics in the early twentieth century. The terms were introduced by the Danish botanist and geneticist Wilhelm Johannsen in his big textbook of 1909. Historical accounts usually concentrate on this book and his 1911 paper “The Genotype Conception (...)
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  3. Of Stirps and Chromosomes: Generality Through Detail.Charles H. Pence - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 94:177-190.
    One claim found in the received historiography of the biometrical school (comprised primarily of Francis Galton, Karl Pearson, and W. F. R. Weldon) is that one of the biometricians' great flaws was their inability to look past their population-focused, statistical, gradualist understanding of evolutionary change – which led, in part, to their ignoring developments in cellular biology around 1900. I will argue, on the contrary, that the work of the biometricians was, from its earliest days, fundamentally concerned with connections between (...)
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  4. Principles and Biological Concepts of Heredity Before Mendel.Péter Poczai & Jorge A. Santiago-Blay - 2021 - Biology Direct 16.
    The knowledge of the history of a subject stimulates understanding. As we study how other people have made scientific breakthroughs, we develop the breadth of imagination that would inspire us to make new discoveries of our own. This perspective certainly applies to the teaching of genetics as hallmarked by the pea experiments of Mendel. Common questions students have in reading Mendel’s paper for the first time is how it compares to other botanical, agricultural, and biological texts from the early and (...)
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  5. Mendel on Developmental Information.Yafeng Shan - 2021 - In Chris Meyns (ed.), Information and the History of Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 262-280.
    It has been widely received that one of Gregor Mendel’s most important contributions to the history of genetics is his novel work on developmental information (for example, the proposal of the famous Mendelian ratios like 1:2:1, 3:1, and 9:3:3:1). This view is well evidenced by the fact that much of early Mendelians’ work in the 1900s focuses on the retrodiction (viz. the re-analysis of the pre-exist data with Mendel’s approach). However, there is no consensus on what Mendel meant by development (...)
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  6. Beyond Mendelism and Biometry.Yafeng Shan - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 89:155-163.
    Historiographical analyses of the development of genetics in the first decade of the 20th century have been to a great extent framed in the context of the Mendelian-Biometrician controversy. Much has been discussed on the nature, origin, development, and legacy of the controversy. However, such a framework is becoming less useful and fruitful. This paper challenges the traditional historiography framed by the Mendelian-Biometrician distinction. It argues that the Mendelian-Biometrician distinction fails to reflect the theoretical and methodological diversity in the controversy. (...)
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  7. Doing Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: A Case Study of the Origin of Genetics.Yafeng Shan - 2020 - Cham: Springer.
    This book offers an integrated historical and philosophical examination of the origin of genetics. The author contends that an integrated HPS analysis helps us to have a better understanding of the history of genetics, and sheds light on some general issues in the philosophy of science. This book consists of three parts. It begins with historical problems, revisiting the significance of the work of Mendel, de Vries, and Weldon. Then it turns to integrated HPS problems, developing an exemplar-based analysis of (...)
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  8. Kuhn’s “Wrong Turning” and Legacy Today.Yafeng Shan - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):381-406.
    Alexander Bird indicates that the significance of Thomas Kuhn in the history of philosophy of science is somehow paradoxical. On the one hand, Kuhn was one of the most influential and important philosophers of science in the second half of the twentieth century. On the other hand, nowadays there is little distinctively Kuhn’s legacy in the sense that most of Kuhn’s work has no longer any philosophical significance. Bird argues that the explanation of the paradox of Kuhn’s legacy is that (...)
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  9. El genoma de los filósofos.Enrique Morata (ed.) - 2015 - Bubok.
    Trying to understand the genome with the classical philosophers. ISBN 978-84-686-6311-1, Bubok, 2015.This book cannot be download at Philpapers due to its 240 MB size . It can be read and download at the web Scribd.
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  10. Origins of the Classical Gene Concept, 1900–1950: Genetics, Mechanistic, Philosophy, and the Capitalization of Agriculture. [REVIEW]Garland E. Allen - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (1):8-39.
    As many of the papers in this Special Symposium Issue discuss, by the 21st century we have moved well beyond the notion of a gene as a single particulate unit coding for a given protein, or especially a single phenotypic trait. Yet notions of genes as some kind of single, particulate entity still persist, especially in textbooks and writings about genetics for the general public. To understand this disjunct between the professional geneticist’s view of genes and their complex interactions, and (...)
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  11. Antes del universo.Enrique Morata - 2014 - Scribd.
    On the current fashion to look after a previous universe to explain the laws of our Universe.Esperando al nuevo Aristóteles, regreso a Henri Bergson y el "Parménides", el otro universo de Plotino. In Spanish.
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  12. Darwinland.Enrique Morata (ed.) - 2014 - America Star Books.
    A briefing of the book "Darwinland" , America Star, 2014.
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  13. deleted.Enrique Morata - 2014 - internet archive.
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  14. THE HYBRIDIZATION WORK OF MENDEL, 102 YEARS AFTER STARTING THE CONTROVERSY.Rafael María Román-Bravo, Rogelio Garcidueñas-Piña, Ruy Ortiz-Rodríguez, Atilio Miguel Atencio-León, Luis Fabian Yáñez-Cuéllar & Jose Atilio Aranguren-Méndez - 2014 - Revista Cientifica, FCV-LUZ 24 (1):38-46.
    This research was carried out in order to verify by simulation Mendel’s laws and seek for the clarification, from the author’s point of view, the Mendel-Fisher controversy. It was demonstrated from: the experimental procedure and the first two steps of the Hardy-Weinberg law, that the null hypothesis in such experiments is absolutely and undeniably true. Consequently, repeating hybridizing experiments as those showed by Mendel, it makes sense to expect a highly coincidence between the observed and the expected cell frequencies. By (...)
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  15. Base empírica global de contrastación, base empírica local de contrastación y aserción empírica de una teoría.Pablo Lorenzano - 2012 - Agora 31 (2):71-107.
    The aim of this article is to contribute to the discussion about the so-called “empirical claim” and “empirical basis” of theory testing. First, the proposals of reconceptualization of the standard notions of partial potential model, intended application and empirical claim of a theory made by Balzer (1982, 1988, 1997a, 1997b, 2006, Balzer, Lauth & Zoubek 1993) and Gähde (1996, 2002, 2008) will be first discussed. Then, the distinction between “global” and “local empirical basis” will be introduced, linking it with that (...)
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  16. Experimentation Versus Theory Choice: A Social-Epistemological Approach.Marcel Weber - 2011 - In Hans Bernhard Schmid, Daniel Sirtes & Marcel Weber (eds.), Collective Epistemology. Ontos. pp. 20--203.
  17. Lo a priori constitutivo en la ciencia y las leyes (y teorías) científicas.Pablo Lorenzano - 2008 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 33 (2):21-48.
    The aim of the present paper is to contribute to the discussion on the constitutive a priori in science by linking it with the discussion on scientific laws and theories, in such a way to show how the different senses of the notion of constitutive a priori are not incompatible to each other and that they can be precised in a unified, though differentiated, manner.
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  18. Maintaining Continuity Through a Scientific Revolution: A Rereading of E. B. Wilson and T. H. Morgan on Sex Determination and Mendelism. [REVIEW]Sharon Kingsland - 2007 - Isis 98:468-488.
    A rereading of the American scientific literature on sex determination from 1902 to 1926 leads to a different understanding of the construction of the Mendelian‐chromosome theory after 1910. There was significant intellectual continuity, which has not been properly appreciated, underlying this scientific “revolution.” After reexamining the relationship between the ideas of key scientists, in particular Edmund B. Wilson and Thomas Hunt Morgan, I argue that, contrary to the historical literature, Wilson and Morgan did not adopt opposing views on Mendelism and (...)
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  19. Supervenience: Its Logic and its Inferential Role in Classical Genetics.Bert Leuridan - 2007 - Logique Et Analyse 198:147-171.
    Supervenience is mostly conceived of as a purely philosophical concept. Nevertheless, I will argue, it played an important and very fruitful inferential role in classical genetics. Gregor Mendel assumed that phenotypic traits supervene on underlying factors, and this assumption allowed him to successfully predict and explain the phenotypical regularities he had experimentally discovered. Therefore it is interesting to explicate how we reason about supervenience relations. I will tackle the following two questions. Firstly, can a reliable method (a logic) be found (...)
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  20. Leyes fundamentales y leyes de la biología.Pablo Lorenzano - 2007 - Scientiae Studia 5 (2):185-214.
    In this paper I discuss the problem of scientific laws in general and laws of biology in particular. After reviewing the debate about the existence of laws in biology, I examine the subject under the light of the structuralist notion of a fundamental law and argue for the law of matching as the fundamental law of genetics.
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  21. Fundamental Laws and Laws of Biology.Pablo Lorenzano - 2006 - In Gerhard Ernst & Karl-Georg Niebergall (eds.), Philosophie der Wissenschaft – Wissenschaft der Philosophie. Festschrift für C.Ulises Moulines zum 60. Geburstag. Mentis. pp. 129-155.
    In this paper, I discuss the problem of scientific laws in general and laws of biology in particular. After reviewing the debate around the existence of laws in biology, I examine the subject in the light of the structuralist notion of a fundamental law and argue for the law of matching as the fundamental law of genetics.
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  22. Direct Observation and Unambiguous Inference.Michael Knapp & Warren Ewens - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):925-926.
    In science, it sometimes occurs that an event is directly observed, and on other occasions that it is not directly observed but one can make the unambiguous inference that it has occurred. Is there any difference concerning the analysis of data arising from these two situations? In this note we show that there is such a difference in one case arising frequently in genetics. The difference derives from the fact that the ability to make the unambiguous inference arises only from (...)
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  23. Ejemplares, modelos y principios en la genética clásica.Pablo Lorenzano - 2005 - Scientiae Studia 3 (2):185-203.
    Taking as starting point Kuhn’s analysis of science textbooks and its application to Sinnott and Dunn’s (1925), it will be discussed the problem of the existence of laws in biology. In particular, it will be showed, in accordance with the proposals of Darden (1991) and Schaffner (1980, 1986, 1993), the relevance of the exemplars, diagrammatically or graphically represented, in the way in which is carried out the teaching and learning process of classical genetics, inasmuch as the information contained in them, (...)
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  24. Mendelian Genetics and Postgenomics: The Legacy for Today.Garland Allen - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis 12:213-236.
  25. Mendelian Genetics.Garland E. Allen - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis 12 (21):213-236.
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  26. What Was Classical Genetics?C. Kenneth Waters - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (4):783-809.
    I present an account of classical genetics to challenge theory-biased approaches in the philosophy of science. Philosophers typically assume that scientific knowledge is ultimately structured by explanatory reasoning and that research programs in well-established sciences are organized around efforts to fill out a central theory and extend its explanatory range. In the case of classical genetics, philosophers assume that the knowledge was structured by T. H. Morgan’s theory of transmission and that research throughout the later 1920s, 30s, and 40s was (...)
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  27. When Did Mozart Become a Mozart? Neurophysiological Insight Into Behavioral Genetics.Yuri I. Arshavsky - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (3):327-339.
    The prevailing concept in modern cognitive neuroscience is that cognitive functions are performed predominantly at the network level, whereas the role of individual neurons is unlikely to extend beyond forming the simple basic elements of these networks. Within this conceptual framework, individuals of outstanding cognitive abilities appear as a result of a favorable configuration of the microarchitecture of the cognitive-implicated networks, whose final formation in ontogenesis may occur in a relatively random way. Here I suggest an alternative concept, which is (...)
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  28. Louis Pasteur and the Hidden World of Microbes, Gregor Mendel and the Roots of Genetics, Johannes Kepler and the New Astronomy. [REVIEW]Bonnie Blustein - 2003 - Isis 94:120-121.
  29. Cytology and Mendelism: Early Connection Between Michael F. Guyer's Contribution.P. Bungener & M. Buscaglia - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (1):27-50.
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  30. The Logical Structure of Classical Genetics.Wolfgang Balzer & Pablo Lorenzano - 2000 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (2):243-266.
    We present a reconstruction of so-called classical, formal or Mendelian genetics using a notation which we believe is more legible than that of earlier accounts, and lends itself easily to computer implementation, for instance in PROLOG. By drawing from, and emending, earlier work of Balzer and Dawe (1986,1997), the present account presents the three most important lines of development of classical genetics: the so-called Mendel's laws, linkage genetics and gene mapping, in the form of a theory-net. This shows that the (...)
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  31. Classical Genetics and the Theory-Net of Genetics.Pablo Lorenzano - 2000 - In Joseph D. Sneed, Wolfgang Balzer & C.-Ulises Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples. Rodopi. pp. 75-251.
    This article presents a reconstruction of the so-called classical, formal or Mendelian genetics, which is intended to be more complete and adequate than existing reconstructions. This reconstruction has been carried out with the instruments, duly modified and extended with respect to the case under consideration, of the structuralist conception of theories. The so-called Mendel’s Laws, as well as linkage genetics and gene mapping are formulated in a precise manner while the global structure of genetics is represented as a theory-net. These (...)
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  32. Hugo de Vries on Heredity, 1889-1903: Statistics, Mendelian Laws, Pangenes, Mutations.Ida Stamhuis, Onno Meijer & Erik Zevenhuizen - 1999 - Isis 90:238-267.
  33. Gregor Mendel: The First Geneticist by Vitezslav Orel; Stephen Finn. [REVIEW]Michael Dietrich - 1998 - Isis 89:143-144.
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  34. Sobre las Leyes en la Biologia.Pablo Lorenzano - 1998 - Episteme 3 (7):261- 272.
    The aim of the present communication is to contribute to the discussion about the existence of laws in biology. In order of it the argumentation of J.J.C. Smart against their existence and the discussion of it made by M. Ruse and R. Munson are first reconstructed. The examination of this controversy shows that, despite of the differences between the first of the authors mentioned and the other two in relation to the problem of laws in biology, the three share the (...)
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  35. Hacia una reconstrucción estructural de la genética clásica y de sus relaciones con el mendelismo.Pablo Lorenzano - 1998 - Episteme 3 (5):89-117.
    The present paper is framed within one of the predominant currents of contemporary philosophy of science, which is based in case studies, in order to construct a solid, non-speculative, metatheory. In this paper classical genetics is formally analized and reconstructed with the instruments, duly modified and extended in accordance with the considered case, of the structuralist view of theories, in such a way that that theory can be characterized as a refinement of an earlier introduced model of genetics, which determines (...)
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  36. Explaining Scientific Consensus: The Case of Mendelian GeneticsKyung-Man Kim. [REVIEW]Barry Barnes - 1996 - Isis 87 (1):198-199.
  37. Explaining Scientific Consensus: The Case of Mendelian Genetics by Kyung-Man Kim. [REVIEW]Barry Barnes - 1996 - Isis 87:198-199.
  38. Lords of the Fly: Drosophila Genetics and the Experimental Life by Robert E. Kohler. [REVIEW]Gerald Geison - 1996 - Isis 87:328-331.
  39. Die Architektur der Synthese. Entstehung und Philosophie der modernen Evolutionstheorie.Marcel Weber - 1996 - Dissertation, University of Konstanz
    This Ph.D. thesis provides a pilosophical account of the structure of the evolutionary synthesis of the 1930s and 40s. The first, more historical part analyses how classical genetics came to be integrated into evolutionary thinking, highlighting in particular the importance of chromosomal mapping of Drosophila strains collected in the wild by Dobzansky, but also the work of Goldschmidt, Sumners, Timofeeff-Ressovsky and others. The second, more philosophical part attempts to answer the question wherein the unity of the synthesis consisted. I argue (...)
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  40. Geschichte Und Struktur der Klassischen Genetik.Pablo Lorenzano - 1995 - Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften.
    Der orthodoxen Interpretation zufolge wird die Genetik als eine Disziplin dargestellt, deren Geschichte (von ihrem vermuteten Ursprung mit dem Werk Mendels an über die Werke der sogenannten «Wiederentdecker» de Vries, Correns und Tschermak und des englischen Mendelianers Bateson bis hin zur Arbeit Morgans) kontinuierlich, kumulativ und linear verlaufen sei. Im ersten Teil des Buches wird hingegen die Diskontinuität dieses Prozesses betont. Innerhalb der strukturalistischen Auffassung wissenschaftlicher Theorien wird die klassische Genetik im zweiten Teil in einer Weise rekonstruiert und formal analysiert, (...)
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  41. When Did Carl Correns Read Gregor Mendel's Paper? A Research Note.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger - 1995 - Isis 86:612-616.
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  42. The Mendelian Revolution: The Emergence of Hereditarian Concepts in Modern Science and Society by Peter Bowler. [REVIEW]Diane Paul - 1991 - Isis 82:773-774.
  43. National Styles in Science: Genetics in Germany and the United States Between the World Wars.Jonathan Harwood - 1987 - Isis 78:390-414.
  44. Structure and Comparison of Genetic Theories: (I) Classical Genetics.W. Balzer & C. M. Dawe - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):55-69.
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  45. In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity by Daniel J. Kevles. [REVIEW]Robert Olby, R. Lewontin & Daniel Kevles - 1986 - Isis 77:311-319.
  46. Did de Vries Discover the Law of Segregation Independently?Margaret Campbell - 1980 - Annals of Science 37 (6):639-655.
    It is argued that de Vries did not see Mendel's paper until 1900, and that, while his own theory of inheritance may have incorporated the notion of independent units, this pre-Mendelian formulation was not the same as Mendel's since it did not apply to paired hereditary units. Moreover, the way in which the term ‘segregation’ has been applied in the secondary literature has blurred the distinction between what is explained and the law which facilitates explanation.
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  47. Genetics in the United States and Great Britain, 1890-1930: A Review with Speculations.Daniel Kevles - 1980 - Isis 71:441-455.
  48. Opty Nad Rastitel'nymi Gibridami by Gregor Mendel. [REVIEW]G. Altschuller - 1967 - Isis 58:434-436.
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  49. Kurze Geschichte der Genetik Bis Zur Wiederentdeckung der Vererbungsregeln Gregor Mendels. Beitrag 1. Genetik. Grundlagen, Ergebnisse Und Probleme in Einzeldarstellungen. By Hans Stubbe. [REVIEW]Curt Stern - 1964 - Isis 55:377-379.
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  50. Gregor Mendel Und Das Schicksal Seiner Vererbungsgesetze by Ingo Krumbiegel. [REVIEW]Conway Zirkle - 1959 - Isis 50:184-185.
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