Related categories

429 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 429
  1. added 2020-01-08
    How to Play the “Playing God” Card.Moti Mizrahi - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    When the phrase “playing God” is used in debates concerning the use of new technologies, such as cloning or genetic engineering, it is usually interpreted as a warning not to interfere with God’s creation or nature. I think that this interpretation of “playing God” arguments as a call to non-interference with nature is too narrow. In this paper, I propose an alternative interpretation of “playing God” arguments. Taking an argumentation theory approach, I provide an argumentation scheme and accompanying critical questions (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2020-01-06
    Cloning and Public Policy.Ruth Macklin - 2002 - In Justine Burley & John Harris (eds.), A companion to genethics. Blackwell. pp. 206-215.
    It seemed like only minutes after a team of Scottish scientists announced, in late February 1997, that they had successfully cloned a sheep, that governmental officials and private citizens throughout the world called for a ban on cloning human beings. The rush to legislate or issue executive orders was so swift, it is reasonable to wonder why the news that a mammal had been cloned ignited such a stampede to prohibit, even criminalize, attempts to clone humans. These events raise a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3. added 2020-01-05
    Cloning.Katrien Devolder - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Many countries or jurisdictions have legally banned human cloning or are in the process of doing so. In some countries, including France and Singapore, reproductive cloning of humans is a criminal offence. In 2005, the United Nations adopted a ‘Declaration on Human Cloning’, which calls for a universal ban on human cloning. The debate on human reproductive cloning seems to have drawn to a close. However, since reproductive cloning of mammals has become routine in several countries, there is reason to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. added 2019-06-27
    Cloning Centering at Egoism.Yusuke Kaneko - 2019 - The Basis : The Annual Bulletin of Research Center for Liberal Education 9:245-260.
    Cloning research caught a great deal of attention when Dolly the sheep was born (§4). While some fear surrounded the attainment (§§14-15), Wilmutʼs research itself has grown well, providing a less vicious manner to gain ES cells (§12). In this article, we review the progress of cloning research along with the concern of medical circles about its application to reproductive cloning, that is to say, making replicas of human beings (§§16-21). Note that all the content is ascribed to the author (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. added 2019-06-07
    Jeter le clone avec l'eau du bain. Étude critique de : John Harris, On Cloning, Routledge, Londres, collection « Thinking in action », 2004, 184 pages.Étude critique de : John Harris, On Cloning, Routledge, Londres, collection « Thinking in action », 2004, 184 pages. [REVIEW]Mark Hunyadi - 2006 - Philosophiques 33 (1):289-297.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. added 2019-06-06
    Cloning and Adoption: A Reply to Levy and Lotz: Debate.Carson Strong - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (2):130-136.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. added 2019-06-06
    Review of Kerry Lynn Macintosh, Illegal Beings. Human Clones and the Law.1. [REVIEW]Katrien Devolder - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):97-98.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. added 2019-06-06
    The Moral Imperative to Conduct Embryonic Stem Cell and Cloning Research.Katrien Devolder & Julian Savulescu - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (1):7-21.
    On March 8, 2005, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Declaration on Human Cloning in which Member States are called upon toa) protect adequately human life in the application of life sciencesb) prohibit all forms of human cloning inasmuch as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human lifec) prohibit the application of genetic engineering techniques that may be contrary to human dignityd) prevent the exploitation of women in the application of life sciencese) adopt and implement (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9. added 2019-06-06
    Who’s Afraid of Human Cloning? [REVIEW]Peter Horn - 2000 - Teaching Philosophy 23 (1):87-91.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Being Human: Science, Knowledge and Virtue: John Haldane.John Haldane - 2000 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 45:189-202.
    In February 1997, following the announcement that the Roslin Institute in Scotland had successfully cloned a sheep by means of cell-nuclear transfer, US President Clinton requested the National Bioethics Advisory Commission to review legal and ethical issues of cloning and to recommend federal actions to prevent abuse. In the meantime he directed the heads of executive departments and agencies not to allocate federal funds for ‘cloning human beings’. The Commission consulted with members of relevant academic disciplines and other professions, representatives (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. added 2019-06-06
    Polly, Dolly, Megan and Morag: A View From Edinburgh on Cloning and Genetic Engineering.Donald M. Bruce - 1997 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 3 (2):82-91.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2019-06-05
    An the Church Agree to Condom Use by HIV-Discordant Couples.Luc Bovens - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (12):743-6.
    Does the position of the Roman Catholic Church on contraception also imply that the usage of condoms by HIV-discordant couples is illicit? A standard argument is to appeal to the doctrine of double effect to condone such usage, but this meets with the objection that there exists an alternative action that brings about the good effect—namely, abstinence. I argue against this objection, because an HIV-discordant couple does not bring about any bad outcome through condom usage—there is no disrespect displayed for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. added 2019-06-05
    A Contralife Argument Against Altered Nuclear Transfer.Lawrence Masek - 2006 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 6 (2):235-240.
  14. added 2019-06-05
    At Law: Human Cloning and the FDA.Rebecca Dresser - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (3):7.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. added 2019-06-05
    Book Reviews : Human Cloning: Religious Responses, Edited by Ronald Cole-Turner. Louisville, Ky: Westminster / John Knox, 1997. 151 Pp. Pb. No Price. ISBN 0-664-25771-2. Who's Afraid of Human Cloning? By Gregory E. Pence. Blue Ridge Summit, Penn., and Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998. 174 Pp. Hb. £36.00. ISBN 0-8476-8781-3. Pb. £8.95. ISBN 0-8476-8782-1. [REVIEW]Robert Song - 1999 - Studies in Christian Ethics 12 (2):94-98.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. added 2019-06-05
    Capital Report: Seeding the Cloning Debate.Joanne Silberner - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (2):5.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. added 2019-06-05
    Bad Copies: How Popular Media Represent Cloning as an Ethical Problem.Patrick D. Hopkins - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (2):6.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  18. added 2019-06-05
    At Law: Is It Time to Clone a Bioethics Commission?Alexander Morgan Capron - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):29.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. added 2019-06-05
    The Once and Future CloneIn His Image: The Cloning of a Man.Leonard Isaacs & David Rorvik - 1978 - Hastings Center Report 8 (3):44.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. added 2019-05-31
    Looking for the Meaning of Dignity in the Bioethics Convention and the Cloning Protocol.Daniela-Ecaterina Cutas - 2005 - Health Care Analysis 13 (4):303-313.
    This paper is focused on the analysis of two documents (the Council of Europe's Bioethics Convention and the Additional Cloning Protocol) inasmuch as they refer to the relationship between human dignity and human genetic engineering. After presenting the stipulations of the abovementioned documents, I will review various proposed meanings of human dignity and will try to identify which of these seem to be at the core of their underlying assumptions. Is the concept of dignity proposed in the two documents coherent? (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21. added 2018-07-08
    Repugnance as Performance Error: The Role of Disgust in Bioethical Intuitions.Joshua May - 2016 - In Steve Clarke, Julian Savulescu, C. A. J. Coady, Alberto Giubilini & Sagar Sanyal (eds.), The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate. Oxford University Press. pp. 43-57.
    An influential argument in bioethics involves appeal to disgust, calling on us to take it seriously as a moral guide (e.g. Kass, Miller, Kahan). Some argue, for example, that genetic enhancement, especially via human reproductive cloning, is repellant or grotesque. While objectors have argued that repugnance is morally irrelevant (e.g. Nussbaum, Kelly), I argue that the problem is more fundamental: it is psychologically irrelevant. Examining recent empirical data suggests that disgust’s influence on moral judgment may be like fatigue: an exogenous (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  22. added 2018-06-01
    How Should One Live? An Introduction to Ethics and Moral Reasoning.Bradley Thames - 2018 - San Diego, CA, USA: Bridgepoint Education.
    This book provides an entry-level introduction to philosophical ethics, theories of moral reasoning, and selected issues in applied ethics. Chapter 1 describes the importance of philosophical approaches to ethical issues, the general dialectical form of moral reasoning, and the broad landscape of moral philosophy. Chapter 2 presents egoism and relativism as challenges to the presumed objectivity and unconditionality of morality. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 discuss utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics, respectively. Each chapter begins with a general overview of the (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. added 2018-05-01
    Conservation in a Brave New World.Douglas Ian Campbell & Patrick Michael Whittle - 2017 - In Resurrecting Extinct Species: Ethics and Authenticity. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 1-28.
    This chapter introduces the two main philosophical questions that are raised by the prospect of extinct species being brought back from the dead—namely, the ‘Authenticity Question’ and the ‘Ethical Question’. It distinguishes different types of de-extinction, and different methods by which de-extinction can be accomplished. Finally, it examines the aims of wildlife conservation with a view to whether they are compatible with de-extinction, or not.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. added 2018-02-17
    On Classical Cloning and No-Cloning.Nicholas J. Teh - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (1):47-63.
  25. added 2017-10-07
    Telomers and the Ethics of Human Cloning.Fritz Allhoff - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):231-237.
    In search of a potential problem with cloning, I investigate the phenomenon of telomere shortening which is caused by cell replication; clones created from somatic cells will have shortened telomeres and therefore reach a state of senescence more rapidly. While genetic intervention might fix this problem at some point in the future, I ask whether, absent technological advances, this biological phenomenon undermines the moral permissibility of cloning.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. added 2017-02-15
    GenEthics: Technological Intervention in Human Reproduction as a Philosophical Problem, by Kurt Bayertz, Cambridge University Press; 1994.Charles Jack & Stephen Wear - 1997 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22 (2):199.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. added 2017-02-12
    Response to Strong and Beauchamp.Rebecca Kukla - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):99-103.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. added 2017-02-12
    Farewell to Arcady: Or Getting Off the Sheep's Back.George Seddon - 2003 - Thesis Eleven 74 (1):35-53.
    The saying that `Australia rode to prosperity on the sheep's back' never had more than a small measure of truth; it is better rephrased as `Australia has enjoyed limited periods of modest prosperity through the near-destruction by sheep of a fragile native vegetation'. Sheep, however, have had a cultural role in Australia that needs to be understood if the failures of the wool industry leadership are to be grasped. This role has had a long history, in part Biblical (the Good (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. added 2017-02-11
    In Vitro Fertilization: For Infertile Married Couples Only?Margery W. Shaw - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (5):4-4.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. added 2017-02-10
    Kurt Bayertz: 1994 (Xx + 342 Pp.), GenEthics: Technological Intervention in Human Reproduction as a Philosophical Problem Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [REVIEW]C. Jack & S. Wear - 1997 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22 (2):199-210.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. added 2017-02-08
    HIV-Discordant Couples and IVF: What is the Question?Jeffrey Spike - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):60-62.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32. added 2017-02-08
    Reproductive Assistance for HIV-Discordant Couples.Carson Strong - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):57-60.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. added 2017-02-08
    Law Reform and Human Reproduction.A. M. Smith - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (2):123-124.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. added 2017-02-07
    Use of Assisted Reproductive Technology to Reduce the Risk of Transmission of HIV in Discordant Couples Wishing to Have Their Own Children Where the Male Partner is Seropositive with an Undetectable Viral Load.H. W. G. Baker - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):315-320.
    The advances in treatment of HIV and the introduction of polymerase chain reaction assay for the virus now make it acceptable for HIV discordant couples where the male partner is seropositive to attempt to conceive through artificial insemination by husband or via in vitro fertilisation. With undetectable viral load and washed sperm, there is minimal risk of transmission of HIV to the female partner, children, other patients, or staff. We describe the development of a programme of AIH for HIV discordant (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. added 2017-02-07
    Should HIV Discordant Couples Have Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies?M. Spriggs - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (6):325-329.
    In this paper we identify and evaluate arguments for and against offering assisted reproductive technologies , specifically IVF, to HIV discordant couples . The idea of offering ART to HIV discordant couples generates concerns about safety and public health and raises questions such as: what is an acceptable level of risk to offspring and should couples who want this assistance be subject to selection criteria; should they undergo scrutiny about their suitability as parents when those who are able to conceive (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. added 2017-02-07
    Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Framework, by Carson Strong. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. 247 Pp. [REVIEW]Julien S. Murphy - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):226-229.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. added 2017-02-07
    The Regulation of Technology.Mary Warnock - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):173-175.
    Everybody recognizes that most of the problems in medical ethics arise, these days, from innovations in medical technology. We would not have had to lay down laws or ethical guidelines about assisted reproduction had it not been for the new technology of in vitro fertilization, which produced the first IVF baby in 1978. We would not be currently anxious about the ethics of possible human cloning, had it not been for the production in Edinburgh of Dolly, the lamb whose birth (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. added 2017-02-02
    Where Sheep May Safely Graze.Roger Teichmann - 2000 - Mind 109:5 - 7.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. added 2017-01-29
    Should Liberals Oppose Human Reproductive Cloning?Stephen Coleman - 2004 - Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics 6 (1).
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. added 2017-01-29
    GenEthics: Technological Intervention in Human Reproduction as a Philosophical Problem.Kurt Bayertz & Sarah L. Kirkby - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):129-132.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41. added 2017-01-28
    Arlene Judith Klotzko, A Clone of Your Own? The Science and Ethics of Cloning. [REVIEW]Paul Schotsmans - 2004 - Ethical Perspectives 11 (4):266-266.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. added 2017-01-27
    Human Cloning: Comments on Iftime.K. Verma - 2012 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 22 (4):163-164.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. added 2017-01-27
    Three Levels of Discourse on Human Reproductive Cloning in Japan.Aizawa Kuniko - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (1-2):18-23.
    This paper reviews three levels of discourse on human reproductive cloning in Japan: everyday life, fundamental theory, and public policy. In addition to articles with headlines on HRC in the Asahi Shimbun newspaper, 224 publications were found on HRC and categorized by publication year, author specialties, and contents. Contents of 100 publications were assigned to the following categories: cultural differences, acceptance of HRC, aversions to HRC, arguments against HRC , rebuttals and utilitarian arguments, arguments concerning regulation, and ethical principles, including (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. added 2017-01-27
    Cloning of Little ‘Nikky’: What Next?M. Jha - 2005 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 15 (3):90-91.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. added 2017-01-27
    Ethical Issues About Human Reproductive Cloning.Luzitano Ferreira & Cléa Ribeiro - 2005 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 15 (2):62-64.
    The first scientific hypotheses about of a possible human cloning were made almost 40 years ago. However, it was only with the announcement of the first mammal cloning through somatic cells that the debate about this technique was intensified and broadly discussed. The first human cloned embryo announced in March 2004, intensifies the discussion regarded to the ethical aspects related to this technique in human beings.This work intend to summarize the main questions that rising about human reproductive cloning.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. added 2017-01-27
    Human Cloning in Singapore: Emergence of Asian Bioethics.Tade Spranger - 2002 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 12 (4):122-122.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. added 2017-01-27
    Response to “Clone Alone” by Carson Strong and “Are There Limits to the Use of Reproductive Cloning” by Timothy Murphy - Equal Access to Cloning?Jean Chambers - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (2):169-179.
    Carson Strong's article “Cloning and Infertility” has initiated a conversation in this journal about the ethical and policy issues surrounding the question of who, if anyone, should be allowed access to human reproductive cloning technology, should somatic cell nuclear transfer ever become technically feasible and safe. Strong's position in that article is that infertile opposite sex couples for whom cloning is the last resort for having a genetically related child are the only people who should be granted access to such (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. added 2017-01-27
    What is Wrong About Human Reproductive Cloning? A Legal Perspective.Tade Spranger - 2001 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 11 (4):101-101.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. added 2017-01-27
    Response to “Cloning and Infertility” by Carson Strong - Entitlement to Cloning.Timothy F. Murphy - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (3):364-368.
    Carson Strong has argued that if human cloning were safe it should be available to some infertile couples as a matter of ethics and law. He holds that cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer should be available as a reproductive option for infertile couples who could not otherwise have a child genetically related to one member of the couple. In this analysis, Strong overlooks an important category of people to whom his argument might apply, couples he has not failed to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50. added 2017-01-27
    Response to Special Section: Cloning: Technology, Policy, and Ethics - Humanness, Personhood, and a Lamb Named Dolly.Tom Koch & Mary Rowell - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (2):241-245.
    A recent issue of Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics provides a fascinating look into the uncertainties surrounding the subject of human cloning. As Nelkin and Lindee point out, for example, the popular assumption is that this technology will lead to individual immortality. “Again and again media stories predict that cloning will allow the resurrection of the dead … life everlasting for the deserving.” This is not an attitude reserved to popular imagination, however. As John Harris noted in his contribution, for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 429