This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

286 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 286
Material to categorize
  1. Disability and Domination: Lessons From Republican Political Philosophy.Tom O’Shea - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    The republican ideal of non-domination identifies the capacity for arbitrary interference as a fundamental threat to liberty that can generate fearful uncertainty and servility in those dominated. I argue that republican accounts of domination can provide a powerful analysis of the nature of legal and institutional power that is encountered by people with mental disorders or cognitive disabilities. In doing so, I demonstrate that non-domination is an ideal which is pertinent, distinctive, and desirable in thinking through psychological disability. Finally, I (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. The Moorean Argument for the Full Moral Status of Those with Profound Intellectual Disability: A Rejoinder to Roberts.Benjamin L. Curtis & Simo Vehmas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):266-267.
    In a recent paper we argued that a Moorean strategy can be employed to justify our continuing to believe the following proposition, even in the presence of philosophical views that entail it is false, without any philosophical argument against those views, and without any positive philosophical argument in its favour: -/- H>A: Humans have an equal moral status that is higher than the moral status of non-human animals. -/- The basic idea is that our confidence in the truth of this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Who Has the Capacity to Participate as a Rearee in a Person-Rearing Relationship?Agnieszka Jaworska & Julie Tannenbaum - 2015 - Ethics 125 (4):1096-1113.
    We discuss applications of our account of moral status grounded in person-rearing relationships: which individuals have higher moral status or not, and why? We cover three classes of cases: (1) cases involving incomplete realization of the capacity to care, including whether infants or fetuses have this incomplete capacity; (2) cases in which higher moral status rests in part on what is required for the being to flourish; (3) hypothetical cases in which cognitive enhancements could, e.g., help dogs achieve human-like cognitive (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Autism in the Wild: Bridging the Gap Between Experiment and Experience.Shaughnessy Nicola & Trimingham Melissa - unknown
    Traditional accounts conceive of the autistic individual as being locked in his/her own world due to difficulties in social interaction, communication and imagination. The paradoxical association between autism and creativity is one of the reasons the condition causes such fascination and yet remains an enigma. This essay draws upon practical research exploring applications of performance to engage with atypical neuro-cognitive experience. The research explores new insights into the imagination and perception in autism through the multisensory multimodalities of performance, which, it (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. The Role of Associative Sector in Intervention of Children with Autism.Mihaela Grasu - 2015 - Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala 7 (1):117-128.
    The aim of this empirical investigation is to analyse the role of associations in the development of intervention on children with autism in Iasi. Research methodology is a qualitative fieldwork based on observation and semi-structured interview. Professionals from two NGOs and a special school and parents of children with autism were interviewed. Research results show that associations have set up establishment of specialized structures, adapted to children with autism care. The development of these services was achieved through financial and logistical (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Asking More of Our Metaphors: Narrative Strategies to End the “War on Alzheimer's” and Humanize Cognitive Aging.Daniel R. George, Erin R. Whitehouse & Peter J. Whitehouse - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):22-24.
  7. A Comment on D. J. Moore and D. A. Shiek's 'Toward a Theory of Early Infantile Autism.'.Rober A. Webb & Dewey J. Moore - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (3):278-279.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Toward a Theory of Early Infantile Autism.Dewey J. Moore & David A. Shiek - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (5):451-456.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9. The Deep Impact of Applied Behavior Analysis for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.Todd M. Furman & Alfred Tuminello Jr - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (4):271-274.
    If applied behavior analysis works as claimed by Furman and Tuminello, then both Schlinger and Potter agree that ABA could, in principle, be an aid for solving many more problems than just those associated with autism spectrum disorder. Does ABA work for children with ASD as Furman and Tuminello claim? Schlinger believes that ABA can, in fact, solve developmental and behavioral problems associated with ASD for some children to the point that those children might flourish in the Aristotelian sense. On (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Doing Right and Being Good: What It Would Take for People Living with Autism to Flourish.Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (4):263-265.
    Furman and Tuminello raise a central question about people living with mental illness: What kind of life is possible for them? Can one live a flourishing life even when struggling with a mental disorder? The authors draw on research studies to argue that a technique called Applied Behavioral Analysis can improve the lives of children with autism. One study, from 1987, found that 47% of children exposed to ABA attained normal IQ levels, adaptive skills, and social skills, and other studies (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Aristotle, Autism, and Applied Behavior Analysis.Todd M. Furman & Alfred Tuminello Jr - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (4):253-262.
    Is it possible for children with autism to live a good life, to flourish? Surprisingly, the answer is yes, given a particular understanding of flourishing. Our project is to explain the conception of flourishing that we have in mind and explain how children with autism may come to flourish.Instead of constructing an account of a good life from the ground up for this project, Aristotle’s conception of a good life, of human flourishing, will be used. Using Aristotle’s paradigm of a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Profound Intellectual Disability and the Bestowment View of Moral Status.Simo Vehmas & Benjamin Curtis - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (3):505-516.
    This article engages with debates concerning the moral worth of human beings with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMDs). Some argue that those with such disabilities are morally less valuable than so-called normal human beings, whereas others argue that all human beings have equal moral value and so each group of humans ought to be treated with equal concern. We will argue in favor of a reconciliatory view that takes points from opposing camps in the debates about the moral worth (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Children with Autism Social Engagement in Interaction with Nao, an Imitative Robot: A Series of Single Case Experiments.Adriana Tapus, Andreea Peca, Amir Aly, Cristina Pop, Lavinia Jisa, Sebastian Pintea, Alina S. Rusu & Daniel O. David - 2012 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 13 (3):315-347.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  14. Children with Autism Encounter an Unfamiliar Pet: Application of theStrange Animal Situationtest.Marine Grandgeorge, Michel Deleau, Eric Lemonnier, Sylvie Tordjman & Martine Hausberger - 2012 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 13 (2):165-188.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. A Moorean Argument for the Full Moral Status of Those with Profound Intellectual Disability.Benjamin L. Curtis & Simo Vehmas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (1):41-45.
    This paper is about the moral status of those human beings with profound intellectual disabilities (PIDs). We hold the common sense view that they have equal status to ‘normal’ human beings, and a higher status than any non-human animal. We start with an admission, however: we don’t know how to give a fully satisfying theoretical account of the grounds of moral status that explains this view. And in fact, not only do we not know how to give such an account, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16. The Ethical and Legal Aspects of Palliative Sedation in Severely Brain Injured Patients: A French Perspective.Antoine Baumann, Frederique Claudot, Gerard Audibert, Paul-Michel Mertes & Louis Puybasset - 2011 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6:4.
    To fulfill their crucial duty of relieving suffering in their patients, physicians may have to administer palliative sedation when they implement treatment-limitation decisions such as the withdrawal of life-supporting interventions in patients with poor prognosis chronic severe brain injury. The issue of palliative sedation deserves particular attention in adults with serious brain injuries and in neonates with severe and irreversible brain lesions, who are unable to express pain or to state their wishes. In France, treatment limitation decisions for these patients (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17. From Cure to Community: Transforming Notions of Autism.Nancy Bagatell - 2010 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (1):33-55.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. What a Dog Can Do: Children with Autism and Therapy Dogs in Social Interaction.Olga Solomon - 2010 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (1):143-166.
  19. Autistic States in Children.Frances Tustin - 1992 - Routledge.
    Frances Tustin's classic text _Autistic States in Children_ put forward convincing clinical evidence that some forms of childhood autism are psychogenic and respond to methods of treatment very different from the behavioural techniques often adopted without success. Her pioneering work with such children has gained ground since the book was first published and she herself has revised her understanding of the aetiology of psychogenic autism. This revised edition of the book incorporates her new thinking based on recent infant observational studies (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. The Philosophy of Autism.Jami L. Anderson & Simon Cushing (eds.) - 2012 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book examines autism from the tradition of analytic philosophy, working from the premise that Autism Spectrum Disorders raise interesting philosophical questions that need to be and can be addressed in a manner that is clear, jargon-free, and accessible. The goal of the original essays in this book is to provide a philosophically rich analysis of issues raised by autism and to afford dignity and respect to those impacted by autism by placing it at the center of the discussion.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21. "Autistic" Children: New Hope for a Cure By Niko Tinbergen and Elizabeth A. Tinbergen.M. R. A. Chance - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (4):636-638.
  22. Alzheimer's Disease.Sid Gilman - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (2):230-245.
  23. Autism as an Executive Disorder.James Russell (ed.) - 1997 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Autism continues to fascinate researchers because it is both debilitating in its effects and complex in its nature and origins. The prevalent theory is that autism is primarily characterised by difficulties in understanding mental concepts, but the contributors to this book present new and compelling arguments for an alternative theory. Their research points strongly to the idea that autism is primarily a disorder of "executive functions", those involved in the control of action and thought. As such, the book provides a (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  24. High Levels of Alzheimer Beta-Amyloid Precursor Protein in Children with Severely Autistic Behavior and Aggression.D. K. Sokol, D. Chen, M. R. Farlow, D. W. Dunn, B. Maloney, J. A. Zimmer & D. K. Lahiri - 2006 - J Child Neurol 21:444-9.
    Autism is characterized by restricted, repetitive behaviors and impairment in socialization and communication. Although no neuropathologic substrate underlying autism has been found, the findings of brain overgrowth via neuroimaging studies and increased levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in neuropathologic and blood studies favor an anabolic state. We examined acetylcholinesterase, plasma neuronal proteins, secreted beta-amyloid precursor protein , and amyloid-beta 40 and amyloid-beta 42 peptides in children with and without autism. Children with severe autism and aggression expressed secreted beta-amyloid precursor protein (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Moral Worth and Severe Intellectual Disability – A Hybrid View.Benjamin L. Curtis & Simo Vehmas - 2013 - In Jerome E. Bickenbach, Franziska Felder & Barbara Schmitz (eds.), Disability and the Good Human Life. Cambridge University Press. pp. 19-49.
    Consider: You can save either a human or a normal adult dog from a burning building (with no risk to yourself and at little cost), but not both. However, the human is a human with a severe intellectually disability (or, as we shall say, a “SID”). -/- Which one should you save? There is disagreement in the literature about which this issue. Two opposing camps exist, which we call “the intrinsic property camp ” and “the special relations camp.” Those in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. Accommodating Autistics and Treating Autism: Can We Have Both?Chong‐Ming Lim - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (8):564-572.
    One of the central claims of the neurodiversity movement is that society should accommodate the needs of autistics, rather than try to treat autism. People have variously tried to reject this accommodation thesis as applicable to all autistics. One instance is Pier Jaarsma and Stellan Welin, who argue that the thesis should apply to some but not all autistics. They do so via separating autistics into high- and low-functioning, on the basis of IQ and social effectiveness or functionings. I reject (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27. Deligny, Éducateur de L'Extrême.Jean Houssaye - 1998
  28. Handicap et animaux.Nicolas Delon - 2012 - In Sandra Laugier (ed.), Tous vulnérables ? Le care, les animaux et l'environnement. Payot-Rivages. pp. 99-121.
    This paper addresses issues in comparing nonhuman animals and severely disabled human beings in terms of their morally relevant characteristics. Through a discussion of the works of Jeff McMahan, Eva Feder Kittay and Martha Nussbaum, the paper offers a defense of the importance and possibility of extending care and compassion to nonhumans without collapsing relevant species differences.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. A Review of Contemporary Work on the Ethics of Ambient Assisted Living Technologies for People with Dementia.Peter Novitzky, Alan F. Smeaton, Cynthia Chen, Kate Irving, Tim Jacquemard, Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Dónal O’Mathúna & Bert Gordijn - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):707-765.
    Ambient assisted living technologies can provide assistance and support to persons with dementia. They might allow them the possibility of living at home for longer whilst maintaining their comfort and security as well as offering a way towards reducing the huge economic and personal costs forecast as the incidence of dementia increases worldwide over coming decades. However, the development, introduction and use of AAL technologies also trigger serious ethical issues. This paper is a systematic literature review of the on-going scholarly (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  30. Science and Medicine in the Spotlight: Alzheimer's Disease as an Example.P. V. Rabins - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (2):161-170.
  31. Respect Without Reason: Relating to Alzheimer's.Douglas MacLean - 2009 - In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oxford University Press.
  32. Should Intracerebroventricular Nerve Growth Factor Be Used to Treat Alzheimer's Disease?B. N. Saffran - 1992 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (4):471.
  33. Supported Decision‐Making and Personal Autonomy for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities: Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.Nandini Devi - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):792-806.
    Making decisions is an important component of everyday living, and issues surrounding autonomy and self-determination are crucial for persons with intellectual disabilities. Article 12 (Equal Recognition before the Law) of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities addresses this issue of decision-making for persons with disabilities: the recognition of legal capacity. Legal capacity means recognizing the right to make decisions for oneself. Article 12 is also moving in the direction of supported decision-making, as an alternative to substituted (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Unbroken Mirrors: Challenging a Theory of Autism.Victoria Southgate & Antonia F. De C. Hamilton - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):225-229.
  35. Commentary on" The Alzheimer's Disease Sufferer as a Semiotic Subject".William M. Greenberg - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (3):163-164.
  36. Commentary on" The Alzheimer's Disease Sufferer as a Semiotic Subject".Tony Hope - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (3):161-162.
  37. The Alzheimer's Disease Sufferer as a Semiotic Subject.Steven R. Sabat & Rom Harré - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (3):145-160.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  38. Alzheimer Disease, MCI and Beyond.Building A. Mystery - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):61-74.
  39. Lifespan Brain Activity, Β-Amyloid, and Alzheimer's Disease.William J. Jagust & Elizabeth C. Mormino - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):520-526.
  40. Unbroken Mirrors: Challenging a Theory of Autism.Victoria Southgate & Antonia F. de C. Hamilton - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):225-229.
  41. Intuition and Autism: A Possible Role for Von Economo Neurons.John M. Allman, Karli K. Watson, Nicole A. Tetreault & Atiya Y. Hakeem - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (8):367-373.
  42. Sniffing Out a Link with Alzheimer's.F. Lyddy - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (7):280.
  43. Autism: Cognitive Deficit or Cognitive Style?Francesca Happé - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6):216-222.
  44. Metarepresentation and Autism: How Not to Lose One's Marbles.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1987 - Cognition 27 (3):291-294.
  45. Does the Autistic Child Have a Metarepresentational Deficit?Susan R. Leekam & Josef Perner - 1991 - Cognition 40 (3):203-218.
  46. Domain Specificity in Conceptual Development: Neuropsychological Evidence From Autism.Alan M. Leslie & Laila Thaiss - 1992 - Cognition 43 (3):225-251.
  47. Superior Modulation of Activation Levels of Stimulus Representations Does Not Underlie Superior Discrimination in Autism.Michelle O'Riordan - 2000 - Cognition 77 (2):81-96.
  48. St Lawrence's Staff: Then and Now.Mabel Cooper, Gloria Ferris & Jane Abraham - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (3):272-276.
    Mabel Cooper and Gloria Ferris lived in St Lawrence's Hospital one of the large learning disability institutions which were built round the edges of London. In this paper, Mabel and Gloria share their memories of three nurses at St Lawrence's, supported by Jane Abraham and in this process reveal a number of ethical issues that remain relevant today.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. The Leopard Has Changed Its Spots: Experiences of Different Ways in Which Staff Support People with Learning Disabilities.Daniel Alex Docherty & Melanie Jane Chapman - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (3):277-281.
    This paper contrasts the personal experiences of a man with learning disabilities and autism with staff in two different settings: a long-stay institution for people with learning disabilities, and the community. These experiences highlight some of the potential personal, professional and ethical conflicts facing staff working in learning disability services.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. How Can We Believe Those Stories? A Nordic Perspective The Ethical Grounds of Competing Truth-Claims.Frank Bylov - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (3):232-240.
    This paper discusses the different, often competing, even conflicting, truth-claims that are heard around the personal narratives of marginalized, stigmatized and culturally muted people?in this case people with intellectual disabilities. Since people with intellectual disabilities began speaking up in the 1980s, tensions have emerged as to whose voice is authentic, whose story can be believed. This matters because we see the consequences of failure to believe those stories in scandals of abuse in settings, such as Winterbourne View (England) in 2011. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 286