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  1. added 2020-05-05
    The Insanity Defence Without Mental Illness? Some Considerations.Luca Malatesti, Marko Jurjako & Gerben Meynen - 2020 - International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 71.
    In this paper we aim to offer a balanced argument to motivate (re)thinking about the mental illness clause within the insanity defence. This is the clause that states that mental illness should have a relevant causal or explanatory role for the presence of the incapacities or limited capacities that are covered by this defence. We offer three main considerations showing the important legal and epistemological roles that the mental illness clause plays in the evaluation of legal responsibility. Although we acknowledge (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-30
    The Myths of Learning Disabilities: The Social Construction of a Disorder.G. E. Zuriff - 1996 - Public Affairs Quarterly 10 (4):395-405.
    The distinction between students diagnosed with a learning disability and those considered merely slow learners is based on conceptually flawed assumptions that: 1) LD represents a brain dysfunction while SL does not; 2) LD is a well-defined disorder; 3) valid measurement instruments distinguish LD and SL; 4) special education for students with LD is fundamentally different from that for SL students. These erroneous beliefs are maintained because governmental legislation transformed a diagnosis of LD into an admission ticket to a variety (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-23
    Can Vestibular Caloric Stimulation Be Used to Treat Apotemnophilia?V. S. Ramachandran & Paul McGeoch - unknown
    Summary Apotemnophilia, or body integrity image disorder (BIID), is characterised by a feeling of mismatch between the internal feeling of how one’s body should be and the physical reality of how it actually is. Patients with this condition have an often overwhelming desire for an amputation- of a specific limb at a specific level. Such patients are not psychotic or delusional, however, they do express an inexplicable emotional abhorrence to the limb they wish removed. It is also known that such (...)
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  4. added 2020-01-20
    Universal Repression From Consciousness Versus Abnormal Dissociation From Self-Consciousness.G. Robert - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5).
  5. added 2019-11-15
    Does a Philosophy of the Brain Tell Us Anything New About Psychomotor Disorders?Sean A. Spence - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (3):227-229.
  6. added 2019-11-13
    Philosophy of Psychiatry.Dominic Murphy - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  7. added 2019-11-13
    Dominic Murphy Psychiatry in the Scientific Image.Robin Brown - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):673-678.
  8. added 2019-11-11
    Autonomy, Well-Being, Disease, and Disability.Julian Savulescu - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):59-65.
  9. added 2019-11-06
    Demystifying the Mystery of Alzheimer's as Late, No Longer Mild Cognitive Impairment.Peter J. Whitehouse - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):87-88.
  10. added 2019-11-06
    Mild Cognitive Impairment: What's in a Name?Steven R. Sabat - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):13-20.
  11. added 2019-11-06
    Introduction: The Heat of Mild Cognitive Impairment.Julian C. Hughes - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):1-2.
  12. added 2019-11-06
    Mild Cognitive Impairment Is Relevant.Ronald C. Petersen - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):45-49.
  13. added 2019-11-06
    Mild Cognitive Impairment: Kinds, Ethics, and Market Forces.Stephen Ticehurst - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):53-55.
  14. added 2019-11-06
    The Ambiguities of Mild Cognitive Impairment.Timothy Thornton - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):21-27.
  15. added 2019-11-06
    Implicit and Explicit Temporality.Thomas Fuchs - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (3):195-198.
  16. added 2019-11-06
    Autism: Disembodied Existence.Giovanni Stanghellini & Massimo Ballerini - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (3):259-268.
  17. added 2019-11-06
    A Contribution to the Study of Autism: The Interrogative Attitude.Eugene Minkowski, R. Targowla & Salaheddine Ziadeh - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):271-278.
  18. added 2019-11-01
    Response to the Commentaries.Andy Hamilton - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):311-316.
  19. added 2019-11-01
    Response to the Commentaries.M. J. Philpott - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):33-35.
  20. added 2019-11-01
    The Time Frame of Preferences, Dispositions, and the Validity of Advance Directives for the Mentally Ill.Julian Savulescu & Donna Dickenson - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):225-246.
  21. added 2019-11-01
    Commentary on" True Wishes".Thomas H. Murray - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (4):311-312.
  22. added 2019-10-23
    Commentary on" A Phenomenology of Dyslexia".Georgina Rippon - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):25-27.
  23. added 2019-10-17
    Commentary on" The Time Frame of Preferences, Dispositions, and the Validity of Advance Directives for the Mentally Ill".Rebecca Dresser - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (3):247-249.
  24. added 2019-10-17
    Commentary on" False Memory Syndrome and the Authority of Personal Memory-Claims".M. J. Eacott - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):305-307.
  25. added 2019-10-17
    Commentary on" A Phenomenology of Dyslexia".John Wiltshire & Paul A. Komesaroff - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):21-23.
  26. added 2019-10-16
    Commentary on" A Phenomenology of Dyslexia".Guy Widdershoven - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):29-31.
  27. added 2019-10-09
    A Three-Component Analysis of Hoffman's Model of Verbal Hallucinations.Heidelinde Allen - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):518-518.
  28. added 2019-10-05
    Intuition and Autism: A Possible Role for Von Economo Neurons.John M. Allman, Karli K. Watson, Nicole A. Tetreault & Atiya Y. Hakeem - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (8):367-373.
  29. added 2019-10-03
    Alzheimer Disease, MCI and Beyond.Building A. Mystery - 2006 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):61-74.
  30. added 2019-09-23
    Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry. Explanation, Phenomenology and Nosology - Kenneth S. Kendler and Josef Parna. [REVIEW]Guido Caniglia - 2009 - Humana Mente 3 (9).
  31. added 2019-09-22
    A Bayesian Account of Psychopathy: A Model of Lacks Remorse and Self-Aggrandizing.Aaron Prosser, Karl Friston, Nathan Bakker & Thomas Parr - 2018 - Computational Psychiatry 2:92-140.
    This article proposes a formal model that integrates cognitive and psychodynamic psychotherapeutic models of psychopathy to show how two major psychopathic traits called lacks remorse and self-aggrandizing can be understood as a form of abnormal Bayesian inference about the self. This model draws on the predictive coding (i.e., active inference) framework, a neurobiologically plausible explanatory framework for message passing in the brain that is formalized in terms of hierarchical Bayesian inference. In summary, this model proposes that these two cardinal psychopathic (...)
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  32. added 2019-09-20
    Ethical Decisions in the Classification of Mental Conditions as Mental Illness: Mental Illness.Craig Edwards - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):73-90.
  33. added 2019-09-18
    Shedding Light on Implicit Processes and the Inherent Vagueness of Decision-Making Capacity.Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):333-335.
    We are grateful to Paul S. Appelbaum and Wayne Martin for their thoughtful remarks on our paper. Among the various aspects that we might address and refute in return, we have decided to focus on just two issues that we believe have potential to advance the debate. According to Appelbaum, the “assessment of an intuitive process is being predicated on a patient having the ability to reflect on determinants of which he may be completely unaware.” In this passage, he points (...)
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  34. added 2019-09-18
    The Subject of Intellectual Disability: A Reply to Clegg, Murphy, & Almack.Murray K. Simpson - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):373-376.
    As a starting point, Clegg, Murphy, and Almack contend that frameworks of policy fail both to engage with ethical theory and to fit with the complex realities of how services are delivered. Both of these points are well-supported both in their engagement with literature and in the research presented. Their Deleuzoguattarian analysis and Deleuzean ethical alternatives provide fresh and challenging insights. The key question in this rejoinder is whether their critique goes too far, or not far enough. To begin, however, (...)
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  35. added 2019-09-18
    Liberal Individualism and Deleuzean Relationality in Intellectual Disability.Jennifer Clegg, Elizabeth Murphy & Kathryn Almack - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):359-372.
    The promotion of rights, autonomy and choice reacts against paternalism, an early twentieth-century response to intellectual disability that suppressed individual personhood through a combination of resource limitations and poor administration. These liberal individualist concepts reflect the contemporary zeitgeist of Anglophone nations, although the strength and certainty with which these concepts are expressed in ID policy when compared with policy for other vulnerable groups suggests that they also serve a secondary function. It has been argued that excessive certainty in ID evidences (...)
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  36. added 2019-09-18
    Accounting for Intuition in Decision-Making Capacity: Rethinking the Reasoning Standard?Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):313-324.
    A patient’s decision-making capacity or competence is among the prerequisites for valid consent to medical treatment, and is regarded as the gatekeeping element in ensuring respect for patients’ self-determination. The issue is especially relevant in the case of vulnerable persons, such as patients who are cognitively or mentally impaired, and where medical decisions carry far-reaching consequences. As a grounding principle, DMC is a priori assumed, and challenged only when substantial doubts arise owing to observed or assumed deficiencies of the capacities (...)
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  37. added 2019-09-16
    Auditory Verbal Hallucination and the Sense of Ownership.Michelle Maiese - 2018 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 25 (3):183-196.
    About 75% of subjects diagnosed with schizophrenia experience auditory-verbal hallucination and report "hearing voices" that are not actually present. One notable feature of AVH is that it seems involuntary and not directly in the subject's control. With regard to content, these represented voices make utterances, typically commands and evaluations, and either are directed to the patient or speak about her in the third person. Voices may echo the subject's thoughts or comment on the subject's behavior and, in some cases, the (...)
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  38. added 2019-09-15
    An Anthropological Perspective on Autism.Ben Belek - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (3):231-241.
    In her 2006 book The Jumbled Jigsaw, Donna Williams, an autistic author and poet, presents an example of a list of traits associated with autism—one of many such lists commonly found in text books, academic publications, and information leaflets. Her list includes the following: a tendency to stick to well-tried routines and avoid change, a tendency to have a narrow range of interests, a tendency to develop irrational fears and anxieties, a tendency not to develop a sense of danger, a (...)
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  39. added 2019-09-15
    Generic Language and the Stigma of Mental Illness.Lisa Nowak - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (3):261-275.
    Recent literature has suggested that generics can harbor and propagate worrying ideologies in a manner which is often not appreciated by speakers. In this article, I argue that the use of generics to convey information about mental illness is unhelpful, whether the knowledge structure conveyed by the generic is 'accurate' or not. Inaccurate generics contribute to insidious forms of social stereotyping and stigma by encouraging us to simplistically generalize characteristics found in very few category members to other members of that (...)
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  40. added 2019-06-05
    Confabulation.William Hirstein - 2013 - In Harold Pashler (ed.), Encyclopedia of the mind. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE publications. pp. 183-186.
  41. added 2019-03-19
    Introduction to Cognitive Disability and Its Challenge to Moral Philosophy.Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson - 2000 - Metaphilosophy 31 (5):449-451.
  42. added 2019-01-03
    The Analysis of Self-Deception: Rehabilitating the Traditionalist Account.Vladimir Krstic - 2018 - Dissertation, Auckland
    Traditionalists affirm that in self-deception I intend to deceive myself; but, on the standard account of interpersonal deception, according to which deceiver intend to make their target believe a falsehood, traditionalism generates paradoxes, arising from the fact that I will surely know that I want to make myself believe a falsehood. In this thesis, I argue that these well-known paradoxes need not arise under my manipulativist account of deception. In particular, I defend traditionalism about self-deception by showing that what causes (...)
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  43. added 2018-12-03
    The Perceived Meaning of Life in the Case of Parents of Children with Intellectual Disabilities.Żaneta Stelter - 2015 - Diametros 46:92-110.
    The perceived meaning of life significantly affects the quality of human life. It is of particular significance in borderline situations. One of such situations is the birth of an intellectually disabled child. The article presents the results of the study concerning the perceived meaning of life in the case of parents who bring up a child with limited intellectual abilities. The study included 87 mothers and 65 fathers bringing up an intellectually disabled child. In the studied cases, parents perceived their (...)
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  44. added 2018-08-15
    Humanism.Kieran Setiya - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (4):452-70.
    Argues for a form of humanism on which we have reason to care about human beings that we do not have to care about other animals and human beings have rights against us other animals lack. Humanism respects the equal worth of those born with severe congenital cognitive disabilities. I address the charge of 'speciesism' and explain how being human is an ethically relevant fact.
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  45. added 2016-08-15
    Incapacity and Care: Controversies in Healthcare and Research.Helen Watt (ed.) - 2009 - Linacre Centre.
    What are the duties of carers and health professionals to people with mental incapacity? How ought we to think about the ethical and legal issues? What can any of us do to improve and safeguard the lives of those cared for? This book seeks to examine in detail and find ethically robust answers to such questions. Among the topics discussed are withholding treatment, tube-feeding patients with dementia, the 'persistent vegetative state', medical research, and sterilisation of intellectually disabled adults. Contributors come (...)
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