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  1. Implicit Bias and the Idealized Rational Self.Nora Berenstain - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5:445-485.
    The underrepresentation of women, people of color, and especially women of color—and the corresponding overrepresentation of white men—is more pronounced in philosophy than in many of the sciences. I suggest that part of the explanation for this lies in the role played by the idealized rational self, a concept that is relatively influential in philosophy but rarely employed in the sciences. The idealized rational self models the mind as consistent, unified, rationally transcendent, and introspectively transparent. I hypothesize that acceptance of (...)
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  2. Religious Authority and the Transmission of Abstract God Concepts.Nathan Cofnas - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):609-628.
    According to the Standard Model account of religion, religious concepts tend to conform to “minimally counterintuitive” schemas. Laypeople may, to varying degrees, verbally endorse the abstract doctrines taught by professional theologians. But, outside the Sunday school exam room, the implicit representations that tend to guide people’s everyday thinking, feeling, and behavior are about minimally counterintuitive entities. According to the Standard Model, these implicit representations are the essential thing to be explained by the cognitive science of religion. It is argued here (...)
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  3. Anxiety and Uncertainty in Aesthetic Education.Martin Schiralli - 2002 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 36 (2):52.
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  4. Impact of Changing Positively Worded Items to Negatively Worded Items in the Swedish Web-Version of the Quality of Recovery Questionnaire.Maria Jaensson & Ulrica Nilsson - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (3):502-507.
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  5. On Appeals to Models.Dove Ian - unknown
    In some visual cases, especially those in which one reasons from a visual model to a conclusion, it is tempting to think that some new normative base, perhaps a visual logic is in order. I show that, at least in the case of what I’ll call appeal to visual models, the same criteria are required in visual and verbal cases.
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  6. A Model of the Visual Attack Learning System in Octopus Vulgaris.C. Myers - 1992 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 2 (1-4):225-260.
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  7. Don’T Pay Attention to What You See! Negative Commands and Attention Bias.Józef Maciuszek - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (1):70-84.
    The paper presents research into the effects of the use of negations in directives. Three experiments are described that tested the effects of instructions formulated in various ways: direct and negated commands to focus the attention. Indicators of attention focusing that were used include: the correctness of answers to questions about a selection of comic book pages ; the time needed to name the colours of stimulus words and the level of recall of these words after completion of the colour (...)
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  8. Context-Dependent Effect of Mood: The Regulatory Role of Personality.Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska & Dominika Zajusz-Gawędzka - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (1):144-150.
    This study explored the influence of the context-dependent effect of mood as well as individual differences in neuroticism and action vs. state/volatility orientation on predecisional processing in a multiattribute choice task. One hundred and twenty participants acquired information about choice options after filling out personality questionnaires. Results showed that participants in a positive mood processed the information longer in enjoy than in done-enough context. In turn, participants in a negative mood processed the information more selectively in enjoy than in done-enough (...)
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  9. Nostalgic Memories. Qualitative Reception Analysis of Flemish TV Fiction, 1953–1989.Alexander Dhoest - 2007 - Communications 32 (1):31-50.
    This article describes a qualitative inquiry into the historical reception of Flemish television fiction broadcast by the monopolistic Flemish broadcaster BRT between 1953 and 1989. This is a relatively homogeneous period, both in terms of broadcasting policies and fiction output. What do viewers remember of this period? Can patterns be discerned in these memories, and if so, why? To answer these questions, this research uses semi-structured interviews with older viewers. First, the article discusses the particular problems of this method, mostly (...)
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  10. Preferential Access to Emotion Under Attentional Blink: Evidence for Threshold Phenomenon.Lewis O. Harvey, Zhao Fan, Jakub Traczyk & Remigiusz Szczepanowski - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (1):127-132.
    The present study provides evidence that the activation strength produced by emotional stimuli must pass a threshold level in order to be consciously perceived, contrary to the assumption of continuous quality of representation. An analysis of receiver operating characteristics for attentional blink performance was used to distinguish between two models of emotion perception by inspecting two different ROC’s shapes. Across all conditions, the results showed that performance in the attentional blink task was better described by the two-limbs ROC predicted by (...)
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  11. Methodological Considerations in Studying Awareness During Learning. Part 2: Second Language Acquisition.Daisuke Nakamura - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (3):337-353.
    This paper considers methodological issues of awareness during adult second language acquisition. Specifically, the paper deals with the issue of instructional orientations, the issue of biases in knowledge measurement, and the issue of reactivity in the online think-aloud protocol. Detailed reviews of prominent SLA research that has investigated the possibility of implicit SLA reveal that the instruction on implicit learning does not guarantee that learners engage in the implicit learning mode, that the majority of SLA research has employed only tests (...)
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  12. Age Differences in Recall and Liking of Arousing Television Commercials.Mariska Kleemans, Eva A. van Reijmersdal & Margot J. van der Goot - 2015 - Communications 40 (3):295-317.
    This article examines whether there are differences between older and younger adults in recall and liking of arousing television commercials. As hypothesized, the experiment demonstrated that older adults remembered brands and products in calm commercials better than in arousing commercials, and they also liked calm commercials more. In contrast, younger adults remembered brands and products in arousing commercials better and they liked these commercials more. In addition, linear relationships showed that for older adults arousal deteriorates their recall and liking, whereas (...)
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  13. Processing Political Information: The Influence of Accurate Knowledge, Differentiation, Integration, and Attitude Upon Recall.Darin W. Klein - 1998 - Communications 23 (1):27-42.
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  14. Attention-Driven Bias for Threat-Related Stimuli in Implicit Memory. Preliminary Results From the Posner Cueing Paradigm.Agata Sobków, Paweł Matusz & Jakub Traczyk - 2010 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 41 (4):163-171.
    Attention-driven bias for threat-related stimuli in implicit memory. Preliminary results from the Posner cueing paradigm An implicit memory advantage for angry faces was investigated in this experiment by means of an additional cueing task. Participants were to assess the orientation of a triangle's peak, which side of presentation was cued informatively by angry and neutral face stimuli, after which they immediately completed an unexpected "old-new" task on a set of the previously presented faces and new, distractor-faces. Surprisingly, the RTs were (...)
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  15. Recognition of Visual Evoked Potential Responses Containing Cognitive Component Using Reflex Fuzzy Min-Max Neural Network.S. V. Bonde & A. V. Nandedkar - 2009 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 18 (3):247-264.
  16. Changing Prejudice with Evaluative Conditioning.Joanna Sweklej & Robert Balas - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (4):379-383.
    The presented study investigates attitude change using a cross-modal evaluative conditioning paradigm. EC is a change in evaluative responses towards initially neutral stimulus due to its repeated pairing with affectively valenced stimulus. A positive scent of instant chocolate was used together with pictures of homeless people to change affective responses towards neutral names. We show that a classic EC effect, i.e. more negative CS evaluations after its pairing with negative images of the homeless, can be eliminated when a competitive US, (...)
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  17. Memory Bias Training by Means of the Emotional Short-Term Memory Task.Aleksandra Gronostaj, Agata Blaut & Borysław Paulewicz - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (1):122-126.
    According to major cognitive theories of emotional disorders cognitive biases are partly responsible for their onset and maintenance. The direct test of this assumption is possible only if experimental method capable of altering a given form of cognitive bias is available. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a novel implicit memory bias training procedure based on the emotional version of the classical Sternberg’s short-term memory task with negative, neutral and positive words. 108 participants, who completed (...)
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  18. Attentional Bias and Emotion in Older Adults: Age-Related Differences in Responses to an Emotional Stroop Task.Janusz Trempała, Anna Szymanik & Magdalena Dunajska - 2012 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 43 (2):86-92.
    Attentional bias and emotion in older adults: Age-related differences in responses to an emotional Stroop task The purpose of the study was to examine whether older adults show an emotional interference effect in a Stroop task, and whether their RTs differ with regard to age, gender and tendencies of mood regulation. The sample consisted of 60 participants at the age from 65 to 85. Emotional version of Stroop task and the Mood Regulation Scales were used. The results showed no significant (...)
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  19. Attentional Control and Retrieval Induced Forgetting Self-Regulation Perspective.Paweł Mordasiewicz, Marta Reszko & Alina Kolańczyk - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (1):56-69.
    Retrieval Induced Forgetting refers to the finding that the retrieval of some items from memory impairs the retrieval of related items. The RIF effect is indicated by a comparison of RP- with unrelated but also tobe- remembered items. Since RIF appears during intentional memorizing of words, therefore we checked whether it depends on attentional control involved in goal maintenance, and also if implicit evaluations of to-be-remembered contents moderate this process. In three experiments, each including AC as the independent variable, we (...)
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  20. Investigating Cognitive Style Differences in the Perception of Biological Motion Associated with Visuospatial Processing.Anthony Watt & Kaivo Thomson - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (1):50-55.
    The purpose of the study was to compare the visuospatial decision-making error scores related to the perception of biological motion of individuals categorized as field dependent or field independent. A sample of 69 participants aged 18-27 years that included 33 males and 36 females completed the experiment. Cognitive style was assessed using the Group Embedded Figure Test. Perception of biological motion was evaluated using two different point-light stimuli developed from video images of a ballet dancer’s performance of a correct and (...)
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  21. The Cognitive Processes Underlying Cultivation Effects Are a Function of Whether the Judgments Are on-Line or Memory-Based.L. J. Shrum - 2004 - Communications 29 (3):327-344.
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  22. The Effect of Visual Illustrations Upon Perception and Retention of News Programmes.Olle Findahl - 1981 - Communications 7 (2-3):151-168.
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  23. Association Between Social Support and Temperament and the Intensity of PTSD Symptoms in a Sample of HIV Positives.Włodzimierz Oniszczenko & Marcin Rzeszutek - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (4):431-438.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between temperament and social support and the level of quantitatively rated PTSD symptoms in a sample of HIV+ and HIV/aids men and women. A total of 310 men and women, including 182 HIV+ and 128 HIV/aids, were studied. Social support was assessed with the Berlin Social Support Scales. Temperament was assessed with the Formal Characteristics of Behaviour - Temperament Inventory. Intensity of PTSD symptoms was assessed with the PTSDF. The best (...)
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  24. Psychometric Properties of Attentional Control Scale: The Preliminary Study on a Polish Sample.Douglas Derryberry & Małgorzata Fajkowska - 2010 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 41 (1):1-7.
    Psychometric properties of Attentional Control Scale: The preliminary study on a Polish sample The presented study was focused primarily on a psychometric analysis of the Attentional Control Scale, but they also enhanced the understanding of the role of effortful attentional skills in determining the individual well-being, general adaptation or emotional disorders. The analyses included basic item and scale descriptions as well as convergent and discriminant validity. 218 Polish undergraduate students completed the battery of the self-report techniques and two paper —pencil (...)
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  25. Mindfulness/Mindlessness as a New Factor Influencing False Memories: Evidence From Imagination Inflation and Modified Premature Cognitive Commitment Study.Paweł Stróżak - 2008 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 39 (4):202-208.
    Mindfulness/mindlessness as a new factor influencing false memories: evidence from imagination inflation and modified premature cognitive commitment study Two effects that can influence the creation of false memories were investigated. First, the classic effect of imagination inflation was investigated. Second, the effect of exposure to modified premature cognitive commitment procedure, in which subjects apply bias correction in order to be opposed to suggested information. 24 subjects were asked to perform, imagine or hear simple action statements. Then half of the subjects (...)
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  26. Individual Differences in Visual and Auditory Processing of Emotional Material.Małgorzata Fajkowska & Anna Zagórska - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (2):174-180.
    Presented studies investigated the specificity of visual and auditory modalities in attentional processing of emotion, and its association with temperamental dimensions and trait-like attentional control. During preliminary study 30 participants were presented with the paper-pencil visual search task and emotional prosody detection tasks. Results revealed visual happiness superiority and auditory sadness superiority. During the main study, in addition to attentional performance, 51 subjects were administrated two questionnaires: EPQ-R and Attentional Control Scale. Introducing individual differences into analysis limited the general pattern (...)
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  27. 6. Ethics: The Good, the Bad, and the Beautiful.Andrew Lawless - 2005 - In Plato's Sun: An Introduction to Philosophy. University of Toronto Press. pp. 168-202.
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  28. Gender Differences in the Nonverbal Expression of Negative Arousal.Jan Van den Bulck & Luc Van Poecke - 1998 - Communications 23 (1):43-60.
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  29. Theatrical Latency: Walking Katrina Palmer’s The Loss Adjusters.Richard Allen - unknown
    In this article I introduce the term ‘theatrical latency’ as a pleasurable effect experienced when listening to sound in relation to visual perception. Latency refers to both the phenomena of audio delay and a theatrical sensation that comes from the reanimation of visual environments through aural framing. In this configuration, the notion of latency takes on a double meaning as both a recorded phenomenon and the retrieval of something dormant within physical objects, sites or materials. These ideas will be introduced (...)
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  30. An Exploration of the Interrelationships Among EFL Learners’ English Self-Efficacy, Metacognitive Awareness, and Their Test Performance.Elahe Goudarzi, Behzad Ghonsooly & Reza Pishghadam - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 22 (3):325-339.
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  31. Theoretical Concepts.Jane English & Raimo Tuomela - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (2):231.
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  32. Visual Learning: Time - Truth - Tradition.András Benedek & Agnes Veszelszki (eds.) - forthcoming - Peter Lang.
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  33. Visual Attentional Assessment in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer’s Disease Based on a Theory of Visual Attention.Petra Redel - unknown
    In the following sections, English summaries of the three studies presented in this dissertation are given. For a detailed German synopsis of the present work, see chapter 8. Research in the field of aging and dementia is a main concern as the population of elderly people is growing continuously due to increasing life expectancy and thus, an accumulative number of people who live well beyond 65 years of age run a risk of developing age-associated neurodegenerative disorders of cognitive function, such (...)
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  34. Spatial Remapping Mechanisms and Their Impairments in Patients with Right Parietal Lesions.Leandra Bucher - unknown
    We analysed location priming effects, and thus the ability to integrate visual information across subsequent trials in the three studies presented in the following chapters. Based on previous findings in healthy subjects priming effects occur under conditions that require no attentional shifts in-between subsequent trials, i.e. with the subject’s fixation maintained and the search displays presented at retinotopically equal locations with respect to the fixation cross. In study 1 we tested whether location-based priming effects would outlive spatial shifts of attention (...)
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  35. Dimension-Based Processing in Visual Pop-Out Search.Katharina Mahn - unknown
  36. Visual Attention and Temporal Binding.Frank Bauer - unknown
  37. Sight Unseen: An Exploration of Conscious and Unconscious Vision.Melvyn Goodale & David Milner - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    In this updated and extended edition of their book, Goodale and Milner explore one of the most extraordinary neurological cases of recent years--one that profoundly changed scientific views on the visual brain. Taking us on a journey into the unconscious brain, this book is a fascinating illustration of the power of the 'unconscious' mind.
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  38. Personal Memories.Marina Trakas - 2015 - Dissertation, Macquarie University
  39. Memory, Learning and Metacognition.Pierre Jacob - unknown
    I examine the impact of human metarepresentational abilities on human memory.
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  40. Keeping Track of Objects While Exploring an Informationally Impoverished Environment: Local Deictic Versus Global Spatial Strategies.Nicolas J. Bullot, Jacques Droulez & Zenon W. Pylyshyn - unknown
    This study investigates a new experimental paradigm called the Modified Traveling Salesman Problem. This task requires subjects to visit once and only once n invisible targets in a 2D display, using a virtual vehicle controlled by the subject. Subjects can only see the directions of the targets from the current location of the vehicle, displayed by a set of oriented segments that can be viewed inside a circular window surrounding the vehicle. Two conditions were compared. In the “allocentric” condition, subjects (...)
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  41. Objects and Aesthetic Attention.Nicolas J. Bullot - unknown
    This article puts forward an hypothesis on the aesthetic use of attention. Some artistic situations favour such a use of attention and may contribute to the conscious access to cognitive and emotional contents and effects, as well as to their discussion in the public sphere.
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  42. Keeping Track of Objects While Exploring a Spatial Layout with Partial Cues: Location-Based and Deictic Direction-Based Strategies.Nicolas J. Bullot & Jacques Droulez - unknown
    Last year at VSS, Bullot, Droulez & Pylyshyn reported studies using a Modified Traveling Salesman Paradigm in which a virtual vehicle had to visit up to 10 targets once and only once, and in which the invisible targets were identified only by line segments pointing from the vehicle toward each target. We hypothesized that subjects used two distinct strategies: A “location-based strategy”, which kept track of where targets were located in screen coordinates, and a “segment-based strategy” that kept track of (...)
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  43. Visual Cognition: A New Look at the Two-Visual Systems Model.Marc Jeannerod & Pierre Jacob - unknown
    According to the two visual systems model, the visual processing of objects divides into semantic and pragmatic processing. We provide various criteria for this distinction. Further, we argue that both the semantic and pragmatic processing of visual information about objects should be divided into low-level processing and high-level processing. Finally, we re-evaluate the contribution of the human parietal lobe to the concious visual perception of spatial relations among objects.
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  44. Probing Different Time-Scales of Oscillatory Fluctuations in Visual Awareness: From Behavior to Phase.Nienke Hoogenboom & Vincenzo Romei - 2010 - Frontier in Human Neuroscience 4.
  45. Aesthetic Motive.T. M. G. & Elisabeth Schneider - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (26):719.
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  46. Learning and the Mind of God.John Haldane - 1998 - New Blackfriars 79 (924):68-72.
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  47. Christian Memory and National Consciousness.Fergus Kerr - 1992 - New Blackfriars 73 (856):14-20.
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  48. The Appeal to Sound Learning?II.Henry St John - 1954 - New Blackfriars 35 (411):257-260.
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  49. The Appeal to Sound Learning?I.Henry St John - 1954 - New Blackfriars 35 (410):195-203.
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  50. A Long Exposure.Enid Dinnis - 1922 - New Blackfriars 3 (30):346-354.
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