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  1. Undoing the 'Package Picture' of Cultures.Uma Narayan - 2004 - Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 25 (4):1083-1086.
    Many feminists of color have demonstrated the need to take into account differences among women to avoid hegemonic gender-essentialist analyses that represent the problems and interests of privileged women as paradigmatic. As feminist agendas become global, there is growing feminist concern to consider national and cultural differences among women. However, in attempting to take seriously these cultural differences, many feminists risk replacing gender-essentialist analyses with culturally essentialist analyses that replicate problematic colonialist notions about the cultural differences between "Western culture" and (...)
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  2. Sexual Difference and Decolonization: Oyĕwùmí and Irigaray in Dialogue About Western Culture.Azille Coetzee & Annemie Halsema - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):178-194.
    In this article we aim to show the potential of cross-continental dialogues for a decolonizing feminism. We relate the work of one of the major critics of the Western metaphysical patriarchal order, Luce Irigaray, to the critique of the colonial/modern gender system by the Nigerian feminist scholar Oyĕrónké Oyĕwùmí. Oyĕwùmí's work is often rejected based on the argument that it is empirically wrong. We start by problematizing this line of thinking by providing an epistemological interpretation of Oyĕwùmí's claims. We then (...)
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  3. Strategic Conceptual Engineering for Epistemic and Social Aims.Ingo Brigandt & Esther Rosario - forthcoming - In Alexis Burgess, Herman Cappelen & David Plunkett (eds.), Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Examining previous discussions on how to construe the concepts of gender and race, we advocate what we call strategic conceptual engineering. This is the employment of a (possibly novel) concept for specific epistemic or social aims, concomitant with the openness to use a different concept (e.g., of race) for other purposes. We illustrate this approach by sketching three distinct concepts of gender and arguing that all of them are needed, as they answer to different social aims. The first concept serves (...)
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  4. The Politics of Contradiction.Victoria I. Burke - 2000 - Philosophy Today 44 (1):44-50.
    The nature of the self is a contested topic among feminists, many of whom deny that the self is a unified entity about which universal claims can be made. "The presumed universality and unity of the subject of feminism is effectively undermined by the constraints of the representational discourse in which it functions," writes Judith Butler in a book which aims at complicating the category of the female subject. The perspectives of Third World women have also fostered the view that (...)
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  5. What Even is 'Gender'?B. R. George - manuscript
    This paper presents a new taxonomy of sex/gender concepts based on the idea of starting with a few basic components of the sex/gender system, and exhausting the possible types of simple associations and identities based on these. The resulting system is significantly more fine-grained than most competitors, and helps to clarify a number of points of confusion and conceptual tension in academic and activist conversations about feminism, transgender politics, and the social analysis of gender.
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  6. Looking Backwards: A Feminist Revisits Herbert Marcuse's "Eros and Civilization".Nancy J. Holland - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (1):65-78.
    This paper reconsiders Marcuse's Eros and Civilization from the perspective of Gayle Rubin's classic article "The Traffic in Women." The primary goals of this comparison are to investigate the social and psychological mechanisms that perpetuate the archaic sex/gender system Rubin describes under current conditions of post-industrial capitalism; to open possible new avenues of analysis and liberatory praxis based on these authors' applications of Marxist insights to cultural interpretations of Freud's writings; and to make clearer the role sexual repression continues to (...)
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  7. Thinking About the Plurality of Genders.Cheshire Calhoun - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (2):67-74.
    Linda Nicholson argues that because gender is socially constructed, feminist theorizing must be about an expansive multiplicity of subjects called "woman" that bear a family resemblance to each other. But why did feminism expand its category of analysis to apply to all cultures and time periods when social constructionism led lesbian and gay studies to narrow the categories "homosexual" and "lesbian"? And given the multiplicity of genders, why insist that feminist subjects are different, resembling women rather than a multiplicity including (...)
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  8. “Maleness” Revisited.Susan Bordo - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (3):197-207.
    My response to the preceding commentaries draws on recent events such as the Thomas/Hill hearings to illustrate some of my central arguments in "Feminist Skepticism and the 'Maleness' of Philosophy." I also attempt to clarify frequently misunderstood aspects of my use of gender as an analytical category, and discuss why, in my opinion, we should continue to care about the "maleness" of philosophy.
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  9. Male Friendship and Intimacy.Robert A. Strikwerda & Larry May - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (3):110-125.
    Our primary focus is the concept of intimacy, especially in the context of adult American male relationships. We begin with an examination of comradeship, a nonintimate form of friendship, then develop an account of the nature and value of intimacy in friendship. We follow this with discussions of obstacles to intimacy and of Aristotle's views. In the final section, we discuss the process of men attaining intimacy.
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  10. Gender Constructions and the Possibility of a Generous Economic Actor.Iulie Aslaksen - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (2):118-132.
    In this paper I discuss various approaches to human motivation, considering how the image of economic actors as motivated by narrow self-interest and greed may be changed to one of self-interest combined with generosity and social responsibility. I draw inspiration from feminist economics as well as from psychological, anthropological and mythological material. As an example, I consider the role of self-interest and generosity as motivating forces for ethical investment.
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  11. Sexual Performance as Political Performance in the Lettre À M. D'Alembert Sur Les Spectacles.Elizabeth Wingrove - 1995 - Political Theory 23 (4):585-616.
    Since everything which enters into the human understanding comes there through the senses, man's first reason is a reason of the senses; this sensual reason serves as the basis of intellectual reason. Our first masters of philosophy are our feet, our hands, our eyes. Emile, 125.
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  12. John Stuart Mill on Androgyny and Ideal Marriage.Nadia Urbinati - 1991 - Political Theory 19 (4):626-648.
  13. “We Won't Know Who You Are”: Contesting Sex Designations in New York City Birth Certificates.Paisley Currah & Lisa Jean Moore - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (3):113-135.
    This article examines shifts in the legal, medical, and common-sense logics governing the designation of sex on birth certificates issued by the City of New York between 1965 and 2006. In the initial iteration, the stabilization of legal sex categories was organized around the notion of "fraud"; in the most recent iteration, "permanence" became the measure of authenticity. We frame these legal constructions of sex with theories about the "natural attitude" toward gender.
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  14. Defeating Bigenderism: Changing Gender Assumptions in the Twenty-First Century.Miqqi Alicia Gilbert - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (3):93-112.
    Bigenderism maintains there are only two genders, which correspond with the two sexes, male and female. Basic bigenderism requires that legal documents and public institutions designate a single invariant gender (that is, sex). Strict bigenderism applies these categories in a social context that stigmatizes "imperfect" men and women who do not reach ideals set by the bigenderist schema. I discuss these concepts and their implications, present three models that successively weaken bigenderist assumptions, and argue for the most radical of the (...)
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  15. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex".Judith Butler - 1993 - Routledge.
    In ____Bodies That Matter,__ Judith Butler further develops her distinctive theory of gender by examining the workings of power at the most "material" dimensions of sex and sexuality. Deepening the inquiries she began in _Gender_ _Trouble,_ Butler offers an original reformulation of the materiality of bodies, examining how the power of heterosexual hegemony forms the "matter" of bodies, sex, and gender. Butler argues that power operates to constrain "sex" from the start, delimiting what counts as a viable sex. She offers (...)
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  16. Manhood and Politics.Wendy Brown - 1990 - Hypatia 5 (3):175-180.
  17. Walter Erhart/Britta Hermann: Wann Ist der Mann Ein Mann? Zur Geschichte der Männlichkeit.María Isabel Peña Aguado - 2000 - Die Philosophin 11 (22):122-124.
  18. Hymen 'Restoration' in Cultures of Oppression: How Can Physicians Promote Individual Patient Welfare Without Becoming Complicit in the Perpetuation of Unjust Social Norms?B. D. Earp - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (6):431-431.
    In this issue, Ahmadi1 reports on the practice of hymenoplasty—a surgical intervention meant to restore a presumed physical marker of virginity prior to a woman's marriage. As Mehri and Sills2 have stated, these women ‘want to ensure that blood is spilled on their wedding night sheets.’ Although Ahmadi's research was carried out in Iran specifically, this surgery is becoming increasingly popular in a number of Western countries as well, especially among Muslim populations.3 What are the ethics of hymen restoration?Consider the (...)
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  19. A ausência de educadores do sexo masculino nas creches da cidade de jequié.Alfrancio Ferreira Dias & Antônio Jefferson Barreto Xavier - 2013 - Saberes Em Perspectiva 3 (5):103-115.
    O presente artigo é fruto de uma pesquisa em andamento realizada na cidade de Jequié­Ba, com o objetivo de problematizar a ausência de educadores do sexo masculino nas creches desse Município, sendo realizado entrevistas como as diretoras das creches e aplicado um questionário com os estudantes do curso de Pedagogia da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, faremos ainda uma abordagem a cerca da feminização do magistério.
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  20. Mary B. Mahowald Sex-Role Stereotypes In Medicine.Olio Center - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2).
  21. Rosalyn Diprose, The Bodies of Women: Ethics, Embodiment and Sexual Difference.M. Dhanda - 1996 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 13:327-328.
  22. Sex, Culture and Modernity in China Medical Science and the Construction of Sexual Identities in the Early Republican Period.Frank Dikotter - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):241.
  23. Die Ontologie des Geschlechts.Ludger Jansen - 2009 - In Hella Ehlers, Beate Rudlof, Heike Trappe, Gabriele Linke & Heike Kahlert (eds.), Geschlechterdifferenz – und kein Ende? Sozial- und geisteswissenschaftliche Beiträge zur Genderforschung. LIT-Verlag. pp. 19-39.
  24. Politicizing the Personal: Thinking About the Feminist Subject with Michel Foucault and John Dewey.Cynthia Gayman - 2011 - Foucault Studies 11:63-75.
    While the varied theoretical frameworks of second wave feminism made possible critical interrogation of societal patterns of domination and oppression in view of the transformative goal of liberation, Michel Foucault’s conceptualization of power shifts contemporary feminist thought away from this binary field of relations towards more fundamental questions about gender constitution. Indeed, from the perspective of popular culture it would seem that challenges to rigid gender roles were a thing of the past, to which freedom and certain kinds of gender (...)
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  25. Review of The Metaphysics of Gender by Charlotte Witt. [REVIEW]Ásta Kristjana Sveinsdóttir - 2012 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2012 (5).
    Review of Charlotte Witt's The Metaphysics of Gender (Oxford 2011).
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  26. Nietzsche on Gender: Beyond Man and Woman (Review).Kimerer L. LaMothe - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):194-197.
    Although Nietzsche has been considered by some critics to be a misogynist for his treatment of woman, women, and the feminine, Frances Nesbitt Oppel offers a radical reinterpretation of the philosopher's ideas on sex, gender, and sexuality. In Nietzsche on Gender: Beyond Man and Woman, she argues that a closer reading of Nietzsche's texts and rhetorical style (especially his use of metaphor and irony), as well as his letters and notes, shows that he was strategically and deliberately dismantling dualistic thinking (...)
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  27. Revisioning Gender (Review).Linda J. Nicholson - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (1):90-91.
  28. Gender, Place, and Identity: Understanding Feminist Geographies (Review).Christopher J. Preston - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (1):219-222.
  29. Body and Gender Within the Stratifications of the Social Imaginary.Alice Pechriggl & Translated By Gertrude Postl - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):102-118.
    Using the notion of a transfiguration of sexed bodies, this text deals with the stratifications of the gender-specific imaginary. Starting from the figurative-thus creative-force of the psyche-soma, its interaction with the configurations of a collective body will be developed from the perspectives of social philosophy and philosophy of history. At the center of my discussion is the interdependence between the individual psyche-soma, the socialized individual, and a collective bodily imaginary, on the one hand, and the strata of a gender imaginary (...)
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  30. Body and Gender Within the Stratifications of the Social Imaginary.Alice Pechriggl & Gertrude Postl - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):102 - 118.
    Using the notion of a transfiguration of sexed bodies, this text deals with the stratifications of the gender-specific imaginary. Starting from the figurative-thus creative-force of the psyche-soma, its interaction with the configurations of a collective body will be developed from the perspectives of social philosophy and philosophy of history. At the center of my discussion is the interdependence between the individual psyche-soma, the socialized individual, and a collective bodily imaginary, on the one hand, and the strata of a gender imaginary (...)
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  31. Embracing the Icon: The Feminist Potential of the Trans Bodhisattva, Kuan Yin.Cathryn Bailey - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (3):178 - 196.
    I explore how the Buddhist icon Kuan Yin is emerging as a point of identification for trans people and has the potential to resolve a tension within feminism. As a figure that slips past the male/female binary, Kuan Yin explodes the dichotomy between universal and particular in a way that captures the pragmatist and feminist emphasis on doing justice to concrete, particular lives without becoming stuck in an essentialist quagmire.
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  32. Resisting Definition: Gendering Through Interaction and Relational Selfhood.Alexis Shotwell & Trevor Sangrey - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (3):56 - 76.
    This paper argues that trans and genderqueer people affect the gender formation and identity of non-trans people. We explore three instances of this relationship between trans and non-trans genders: an allegiance to inadequate liberal-individualist models of selfhood; tropes through which trans people are made to stand as theoretical objects with which to think about gender broadly; and a narrow focus on gender and evasion of an intersectional understanding of gender formation.
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  33. The Semiotics of Sexuality.Stephen Jarosek - 2005 - Sign Systems Studies 33 (1):73-135.
    Pragmatism is the idea that we attribute meaning to things that matter to us. Ultimately, the things that matter are intercepted by our bodies — our eyes, ears, nose, hands, feet, skin — right down to our sex differences. Our bodies are the tools with which we interface with the world — the cultural world. Sex differences provide major insights into how the body impacts on experience and thus, personality and ultimately culture’s gender roles. In my earlier paper, I discuss (...)
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  34. Cosmology and Gender in Sylvia Marcos's Taken From the Lips.María Lugones - 2009 - Clr James Journal 15 (1):283-288.
  35. Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society, and Neurosexism Create Difference. By Cordelia Fine. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2010. Brain Storm: The Flaws in the Science of Sex Differences. By Rebecca M. Jordan‐Young. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010. [REVIEW]Letitia Meynell - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (3):684-689.
  36. Women and Men: Interdisciplinary Readings on Gender.Greta Hofman Nemiroff (ed.) - 1987 - Fitzhenry & Whiteside.
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  37. Adult Baby Syndrome and Age Identity Disorder: Comment on Kise and Nguyen (2011).James Giles - 2012 - Archives of Sexual Behavior 41 (2):321-322.
    In Kise and Ngyuen’s “Adult Baby Syndrome and Gender Identity Disorder” (2011), the authors refer to their male subject as “Ms B” because he prefers to identify with being a female. But they do not refer to her as being a baby, even though the subject also prefers to identify with being a baby. This shows that although they respect the subject’s gender identity preferences, they do not respect the subject’s age identity preferences. One reason for this might be that (...)
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  38. Self‐Fulfilling Prophecies: The Influence of Gender Stereotypes on Functional Neuroimaging Research on Emotion.Robyn Bluhm - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (4):870-886.
    Feminist scholars have shown that research on sex/gender differences in the brain is often used to support gender stereotypes. Scientists use a variety of methodological and interpretive strategies to make their results consistent with these stereotypes. In this paper, I analyze functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) research that examines differences between women and men in brain activity associated with emotion and show that these researchers go to great lengths to make their results consistent with the view that women are more (...)
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  39. The Metaphysics of Gender.Charlotte Witt - 2011 - Oup Usa.
  40. Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality.James Wong - 2001 - Dialogue 40 (2):426-428.
  41. Cluster: Contesting the Norms of Embodiment — Editors' Introduction.Debra Bergoffen & Gail Weiss - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (2):241-242.
  42. Gender and Philosophy of Science: The Case of Mary Hesse.Margareta Hallberg - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):333-340.
  43. The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family.Kathleen Gerson - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    The vast changes in family life have often been blamed for declining morality and unhappy children. Drawing upon pioneering research with the children of the gender revolution, Kathleen Gerson reveals that it is not a lack of family values, but rigid social and economic forces that make it difficult to live out those values. The Unfinished Revolution makes clear recommendations for a new flexibility at work and at home that benefits families, encourages a thriving economy, and helps women and men (...)
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  44. Visible Identities: Race, Gender, and the Self.Linda Martn Alcoff - 2006 - Oup Usa.
    Visible Identities critiques the critiques of identity and of identity politics and argues that identities are real but not necessarily a political problem. Moreover, the book explores the material infrastructure of gendered identity, the experimental aspects of racial subjectivity for both whites and non-whites, and in several chapters looks specifically at Latio identity.
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  45. The Unfinished Revolution: How a New Generation is Reshaping Family, Work, and Gender in America.Kathleen Gerson - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    The vast changes in family life-the rise of single, same-sex, and two-paycheck parents-have often been blamed for declining morality and unhappy children. Drawing upon pioneering research with the children of the gender revolution, Kathleen Gerson reveals that it is not a lack of family values, but rigid social and economic forces that make it difficult to live out those values. The Unfinished Revolution makes clear recommendations for a new flexibility at work and at home that benefits families, encourages a thriving (...)
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  46. Against Purity : Identity, Western Feminisms and Indian Complications.Irene Gedalof - unknown
    This thesis argues that Western feminist theoretical models of identity can be productively complicated by the insights of postcolonial feminisms. In particular, it explores ways that Western feminist theory might more adequately sustain a focus on 'women' while keeping open a space for differences such as race and nation. Part One identifies a number of themes that emerge from recent Indian feminist scholarship on the intersections of sex, gender, race, nation and community identities. Part Two uses these insights to look (...)
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  47. The Body of Gender. Körper - Geschlechter - Identitäten. Internationales Symposion: Linz 1994.Susanne Tauss - 1995 - Die Philosophin 6 (11):117-120.
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  48. Gender in the Mirror.Jennifer L. Welsh - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (4):124-125.
  49. Confined Within the Margins : Representations of Masculinity, Femininity, and Gender Roles in Australia's Popular Magazines of the 1960's.Julie P. Ustinoff - unknown
  50. Sex Cells: Gender and the Language of Bacterial Genetics. [REVIEW]Roberta Bivins - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):113 - 139.
    Between 1946 and 1960, a new phenomenon emerged in the field of bacteriology. "Bacterial sex," as it was called, revolutionized the study of genetics, largely by making available a whole new class of cheap, fast-growing, and easily manipulated organisms. But what was "bacterial sex?" How could single-celled organisms have "sex" or even be sexually differentiated? The technical language used in the scientific press -- the public and inalienable face of 20th century science -- to describe this apparently neuter organism was (...)
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