About this topic
Summary The term 'information' has become ubiquitous. In fact the notion of information is arguably amongst the most important of our `Information Age'. But just what exactly is information? This is a question without a straightforward response, particularly as information is a polysemantic concept, applied to a range of phenomena across a range of disciplines. Some of the most common formulation developed in the 20th century include: Fisher information, Shannon information, Kolmogorov complexity, quantum information, information as a state of an agent, and semantic information.  Some notions of information are associated with central concerns of philosophy and have been used in various ways. Dealings with information from within philosophy include work on conceptions and analyses of information, the application of information to philosophical topics such as epistemology and logic and information ethics. Further to this, conceptions of information within other disciplines such as biology and physics can be and have been of interest within philosophy. Two conceptions of information of particular interest to philosophers are semantic information and environmental information, which can be seen as roughly correlating to the Gricean notions of non-natural and natural meaning respectively.
Key works Floridi 2011 Floridi 2002 Dretske 1981 Bar-Hillel & Carnap 1953 Adriaans & van Benthem 2008
Introductions Floridi 2010, Floridi 2011
Related categories

512 found
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  1. added 2019-01-20
    A Scientific Metaphysical Naturalisation of Information.Bruce Long - 2018 - Dissertation,
    The objective of this thesis is to present a naturalised metaphysics of information, or to naturalise information, by way of deploying a scientific metaphysics according to which contingency is privileged and a-priori conceptual analysis is excluded (or at least greatly diminished) in favour of contingent and defeasible metaphysics. The ontology of information is established according to the premises and mandate of the scientific metaphysics by inference to the best explanation, and in accordance with the idea that the primacy of physics (...)
  2. added 2018-09-25
    Philosophy's Relevance to Technical Writing.T. R. Girill - 1984 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (2):89-95.
    This paper inventories the skills needed for success as a technical writer. I argue that while some of these are undeniably vocational, others are general and analytic. With specific examples, I show the relevance of four mainstream philosophical skills to the problem of document design (making distinctions, extracting important patterns, detecting logical structure, and assessing alternatives) and I contend that truly effective technical writing presupposes such skills.
  3. added 2018-09-23
    What an Entangled Web We Weave: An Information-Centric Approach to Time-Evolving Socio-Technical Systems.Markus Luczak-Roesch, Kieron O’Hara, Jesse David Dinneen & Ramine Tinati - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):709-733.
    A new layer of complexity, constituted of networks of information token recurrence, has been identified in socio-technical systems such as the Wikipedia online community and the Zooniverse citizen science platform. The identification of this complexity reveals that our current understanding of the actual structure of those systems, and consequently the structure of the entire World Wide Web, is incomplete, which raises novel questions for data science research but also from the perspective of social epistemology. Here we establish the principled foundations (...)
  4. added 2018-07-31
    Information-Not-Thing: Further Problems with and Alternatives to the Belief That Information is Physical.Jesse David Dinneen & Christian Brauner - 2017 - Proceedings of 2017 CAIS-ACSI Conference.
    In this short paper, we show that a popular view in information science, information-as-thing, fails to account for a common example of information that seems physical. We then demonstrate how the distinction between types and tokens, recently used to analyse Shannon information, can account for this same example by viewing information as abstract, and discuss existing definitions of information that are consistent with this approach. -/- Dans ce court article nous montrons qu'une vision populaire en sciences de l'information, l'information en (...)
  5. added 2018-07-31
    From Coincidence to Purposeful Flow? Properties of Transcendental Information Cascades.Markus Luczak-Roesch, Ramine Tinati, Max van Kleek & Nigel Shadbolt - 2015 - In International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM) 2015.
    In this paper, we investigate a method for constructing cascades of information co-occurrence, which is suitable to trace emergent structures in information in scenarios where rich contextual features are unavailable. Our method relies only on the temporal order of content-sharing activities, and intrinsic properties of the shared content itself. We apply this method to analyse information dissemination patterns across the active online citizen science project Planet Hunters, a part of the Zooniverse platform. Our results lend insight into both structural and (...)
  6. added 2018-07-30
    When Resources Collide: Towards a Theory of Coincidence in Information Spaces.Markus Luczak-Roesch, Ramine Tinati & Nigel Shadbolt - 2015 - In WWW '15 Companion Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web. Florence, Metropolitan City of Florence, Italy: pp. 1137-1142.
    This paper is an attempt to lay out foundations for a general theory of coincidence in information spaces such as the World Wide Web, expanding on existing work on bursty structures in document streams and information cascades. We elaborate on the hypothesis that every resource that is published in an information space, enters a temporary interaction with another resource once a unique explicit or implicit reference between the two is found. This thought is motivated by Erwin Shroedingers notion of entanglement (...)
  7. added 2018-07-26
    ISR is Still a Digital Ontology.Bruce Long - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-16.
    I will analyse Floridi’s rejection of digital ontologies and his positive proposal for an informational structural realism. I intend to show that ISR is still fundamentally a digital ontology, albeit with some different metaphysical commitments to those that Floridi rejects. I will argue that even though Floridi deploys the method of levels of abstraction adapted from computer science, and has established a Kantian transcendentalist conception of both information and structure, ISR still reduces to a discretised binary, and therefore digital, ontology. (...)
  8. added 2018-07-26
    La réalité du champ axiologique : cybernétique et pensée de l'information chez Raymond Ruyer [The reality of the axiological field: Cybernetics and the thinking of information in Raymond Ruyer].Philippe Gagnon - 2018 - Louvain-la-Neuve: Chromatika.
    Cet ouvrage propose une étude fouillée d'un des principaux axes de réflexion du philosophe des sciences et de la nature français Raymond Ruyer (1902–1987) : la cybernétique. Après avoir proposé une philosophie structuraliste, Ruyer la modifia à la lumière des découvertes de l'embryogenèse, puis il proposa une interprétation des concepts unificateurs de la cybernétique mécaniste. Réfléchissant sur cette dernière et sur la théorie de l'information, en particulier sur l'origine de l'information, il défendit que cette cybernétique n'était qu'une lecture inversée de (...)
  9. added 2018-07-18
    Christianisme et théorie de l'information. Science et théologie dans l'œuvre de Claude Tresmontant.Philippe Gagnon - 1998 - Paris: F.-X. de Guibert.
    Taking as a starting point for his quest the teaching received from the Hebrew prophets and transmitted by the people of Israel, Claude Tresmontant identifies in it the specific moment where an entirely new and creative thought is introduced in the history of mankind. Trained in philosophy of science and conscious of the discipline involved in a rigorous experimental method as a key to valid and true knowledge, Claude Tresmontant boldly recreated bridges, long destroyed, between science and philosophy of nature, (...)
  10. added 2018-06-08
    Information Cultures in the Digital Age.Matthew Kelly & Jared Bielby (eds.) - 2016 - Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS.
    For several decades Rafael Capurro has been at the forefront of defining the relationship between information and modernity through both phenomenological and ethical formulations. In exploring both of these themes Capurro has re-vivified the transcultural and intercultural expressions of how we bring an understanding of information to bear on scientific knowledge production and intermediation. Capurro has long stressed the need to look deeply into how we contextualize the information problems that scientific society creates for us and to re-incorporate a pragmatic (...)
  11. added 2018-06-07
    A Unified Cognitive Model of Visual Filling-In Based on an Emergic Network Architecture.David Pierre Leibovitz - 2013 - Dissertation, Carleton University
    The Emergic Cognitive Model (ECM) is a unified computational model of visual filling-in based on the Emergic Network architecture. The Emergic Network was designed to help realize systems undergoing continuous change. In this thesis, eight different filling-in phenomena are demonstrated under a regime of continuous eye movement (and under static eye conditions as well). -/- ECM indirectly demonstrates the power of unification inherent with Emergic Networks when cognition is decomposed according to finer-grained functions supporting change. These can interact to raise (...)
  12. added 2018-02-17
    A Logic of Ethical Information.Joseph E. Brenner - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):109-133.
    The work of Luciano Floridi lies at the interface of philosophy, information science and technology, and ethics, an intersection whose existence and significance he was one of the first to establish. His closely related concepts of a philosophy of information, informational structural realism, information logic, and information ethics provide a new ontological perspective from which moral concerns can be addressed, especially but not limited to those arising in connection with the new information and communication technologies. In this paper, I relate (...)
  13. added 2018-02-16
    The Fourth Revolution. How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality.Luciano Floridi - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed (...)
  14. added 2018-02-16
    Information and Computation: Essays on Scientific and Philosophical Understanding of Foundations of Information and Computation.Gordana Dodig Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.) - 2011 - World Scientific.
    Information is a basic structure of the world, while computation is a process of the dynamic change of information. This book provides a cutting-edge view of world's leading authorities in fields where information and computation play a central role. It sketches the contours of the future landscape for the development of our understanding of information and computation, their mutual relationship and the role in cognition, informatics, biology, artificial intelligence, and information technology. -/- This book is an utterly enjoyable and engaging (...)
  15. added 2018-02-09
    Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS).Barry Smith & Christopher Welty (eds.) - 2001 - ACM Press.
    Researchers in areas such as artificial intelligence, formal and computational linguistics, biomedical informatics, conceptual modeling, knowledge engineering and information retrieval have come to realise that a solid foundation for their research calls for serious work in ontology, understood as a general theory of the types of entities and relations that make up their respective domains of inquiry. In all these areas, attention is now being focused on the content of information rather than on just the formats and languages used to (...)
  16. added 2018-01-21
    Information-Theoretic Philosophy of Mind.Jason Winning & William Bechtel - 2016 - In Luciano Floridi (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 347-360.
  17. added 2018-01-20
    A Peircean Approach to ‘Information’ and its Relationship with Bateson’s and Jablonka’s Ideas.Queiroz João, Emmeche Claus & El-Hani Charbel Niño - 2008 - American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):75-94.
    The Peircean semiotic approach to information that we developed in previous papers raises several new questions, and shows both similarities and differences with regard to other accounts of information. We do not intend to present here any exhaustive discussion about the relationships between our account and other approaches to information. Rather, our interest is mainly to address its relationship to ideas about information put forward by Gregory Bateson and Eva Jablonka. We conclude that all these authors offer quite broad concepts (...)
  18. added 2017-12-06
    Informação, conhecimento e modelos.Marcos Antonio Alves, Daniel Martínez-Ávila & Maria Cláudia Cabrini Gracio (eds.) - 2017 - Campinas-Marília/Brasil: Coleção CLE-Unicamp/Cultura Acadêmica-UNESP.
    We are in the information age. Nowadays, the information is a high power commodity. Your domain and handling have high economic, political, social value. However, we still know little about it. What is the information? How do we store it, retrieve it and manipulate it? Everyone have or should have equal access to information? What is the relationship between information and knowledge? How can both influence and be influenced by the action? Can they are modeled? The models can contribute to (...)
  19. added 2017-12-06
    A Quantitative-Informational Approach to Logical Consequence.Marcos Antonio Alves & Ítala M. Loffredo D'Otaviano - 2015 - In Jean-Yves Beziau (ed.), The Road to Universal Logic (Studies in Universal Logic). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. pp. 105-24.
    In this work, we propose a definition of logical consequence based on the relation between the quantity of information present in a particular set of formulae and a particular formula. As a starting point, we use Shannon‟s quantitative notion of information, founded on the concepts of logarithmic function and probability value. We first consider some of the basic elements of an axiomatic probability theory, and then construct a probabilistic semantics for languages of classical propositional logic. We define the quantity of (...)
  20. added 2017-09-18
    A Constructionist Philosophy of Logic.Patrick Allo - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (3):545-564.
    This paper develops and refines the suggestion that logical systems are conceptual artefacts that are the outcome of a design-process by exploring how a constructionist epistemology and meta-philosophy can be integrated within the philosophy of logic.
  21. added 2017-09-18
    Hard and Soft Logical Information.Allo Patrick - 2017 - Journal of Logic and Computation:1-20.
    In this paper I use the distinction between hard and soft information from the dynamic epistemic logic tradition to extend prior work on informational conceptions of logic to include non-monotonic consequence-relations. In particular, I defend the claim that at least some non-monotonic logics can be understood on the basis of soft or “belief-like” logical information, and thereby question the orthodox view that all logical information is hard, “knowledge-like”, information.
  22. added 2017-06-21
    Meaning Generation for Animals, Humans and Artificial Agents. An Evolutionary Perspective on the Philosophy of Information. (2017).Christophe Menant - 2017 - Dissertation, Chalmers University. Gotheborg, Sweden. IS4SI. International Conference on Philosophy of Information.
    Meanings are present everywhere in our environment and within ourselves. But these meanings do not exist by themselves. They are associated to information and have to be created, to be generated by agents. The Meaning Generator System (MGS) has been developed on a system approach to model meaning generation in agents following an evolutionary perspective. The agents can be natural or artificial. The MGS generates meaningful information (a meaning) when it receives information that has a connection with an internal constraint (...)
  23. added 2017-03-14
    The Information Liar Paradox: A Problem for Floridi’s RSDI Definition.Björn Lundgren - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (2):323-327.
    In this commentary, I discuss the effects of the liar paradox on Floridi’s definition on semantic information. In particular, I show that there is at least one sentence that creates a contradictory result for Floridi’s definition of semantic information that does not affect the standard definition.
  24. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 6 No 1 Cover Page.Comparative Philosophy - unknown
  25. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 5 No 2 Cover Page.Comparative Philosophy - unknown
  26. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 5 No 2 Cover Page.Bo Mou - 2014 - Comparative Philosophy 5 (2).
  27. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 4 No 2 Cover Page.Comparative Philosophy - unknown
  28. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 5 No 1 Cover Page.Comparative Philosophy - unknown
  29. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 3 No 2 Cover Page.Comparative Philosophy - unknown
  30. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 4 No 1 Cover Page.Comparative Philosophy - unknown
  31. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 3 No 1 Cover Page.Bo Mou - unknown
  32. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 2 No 1 Cover Page.Bo Mou - unknown
  33. added 2017-02-15
    Vol 2 No 1 Cover Page.Comparative Philosophy - unknown
  34. added 2017-02-15
    Why von Neumann Rejected Carnap’s Dualism of Information Concepts.Eckehart Köhler - 2001 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8:97-134.
    In a private discussion in Princeton in 1952, von Neumann argued against Carnap’s view that epistemological concepts like information should be treated separately from physics or from any natural science. For Carnap, such a separation had been taken so much for granted that he was very nonplussed and he consequently withheld from publication — out of apprehension it did not sufficiently clarify important points — a study on information.
  35. added 2017-02-15
    System as Information—Information as System.Klaus Kornwachs - 1997 - World Futures 49 (3-4):321-332.
  36. added 2017-02-15
    Rural Data, People, and Policy: Information Systems for the 21st Century, by James A. Christianson, Richard C. Mauer, and Nancy L. Strang. [REVIEW]A. Zekeri - 1996 - Agriculture and Human Values 13:81-81.
  37. added 2017-02-15
    Editorial Information Sciences.van Jfak Benthem - 1991 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 1 (3):1-4.
  38. added 2017-02-14
    Data Quality in Geographic Information, Chapter Some Algebraic and Logical Foundations for Spatial Imprecision.Michael F. Worboys - forthcoming - Hermes.
  39. added 2017-02-14
    (K)Information: Gamete Donation and Kinship Knowledge in Germany and Britain.Maren Klotz - 2014 - Campus Verlag.
    In (K)information, Maren Klotz presents a contemporary renegotiation of the values of privacy, information-sharing, and connectedness as they relate to the social, clinical, and regulatory management of kinship information.
  40. added 2017-02-14
    Comparative Philosophy Vol 2 No 2 Contents Page.Bo Mou - 2011 - Comparative Philosophy 2 (2).
  41. added 2017-02-14
    The Normative Structure of Information and its Communication.Edward Howlett Spence - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (2):150-163.
  42. added 2017-02-14
    Information System's Roles and Responsibilities: Towards a Conceptual Model.Mehdi Sagheb-Tehrani Ph D. - 2002 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 32 (3):3.
  43. added 2017-02-14
    22 Activity Theory, Transformation of Work, and Information Systems Design.Kan Kuutti - 1999 - In Yrjö Engeström, Reijo Miettinen & Raija-Leena Punamäki-Gitai (eds.), Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press. pp. 360.
  44. added 2017-02-14
    Informatics (Computer and Information Science): Its Ideology, Methodology, and Sociology.Saul Gorn - 1983 - In Fritz Machlup (ed.), The Study of Information: Interdisciplinary Messages. Wiley.
  45. added 2017-02-14
    Librarianship and Information Research: Together or Apart.B. W. Rayward - 1983 - In Fritz Machlup (ed.), The Study of Information: Interdisciplinary Messages. Wiley. pp. 399--405.
  46. added 2017-02-13
    Printemps Arabe : De L’Imaginaire au Réel. Les Moyens D’Information Et de Communication Font la Révolution.Lina Zakhour - 2011 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 61 (3):, [ p.].
    Au vu de l’éclosion soudaine de ce « printemps arabe » qui a essaimé de pays en pays, cet article montre comment, à l’ère de la transparence et de la simultanéité, les moyens d’information et de communication ont créé un champ d’action propice au soulèvement contre les dictatures. Mais, si les réseaux sociaux numériques – Facebook en particulier –, les SMS, et les e-mails, ont donné aux citoyens les moyens de leur révolution, il est aussi question d’imagination constituante. En effet, (...)
  47. added 2017-02-13
    Robustness in Complex Information Systems: The Role of Information “Barriers” in Boolean Networks.Kurt A. Richardson - 2010 - Complexity 15 (3):NA-NA.
  48. added 2017-02-13
    Formalising the 'No Information Without Data-representation'Principle.Allo Patrick - 2008 - In P. Brey, A. Briggle & K. Waelbers (eds.), Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy. Ios Press. pp. 79.
  49. added 2017-02-13
    Paradigm Lost: Rethinking the Value of Information in a Digital Environment.Joost Kist - 2008 - Logos 19 (1):11-13.
  50. added 2017-02-13
    Part III-Extended Abstracts for Posters and Demos-Data, Information, and Knowledge Management-Identifying Information Provenance in Support of Intelligence Analysis, Sharing, and Protection.Terrance Goan, Emi Fujioka, Ryan Kaneshiro & Lynn Gasch - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 692-693.
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