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  1. Cluster: Contesting the Norms of Embodiment — Editors' Introduction.Debra Bergoffen & Gail Weiss - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (2):241-242.
  2. Organotherapy and the Emergence of Reproductive Endocrinology.Merriley Borell - 1985 - Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1):1-30.
    Early scientific investigation of the reproductive process was neither a cause nor a direct result of changing social attitudes toward sex. It was instead part of the continuing search, initiated in the 1890s, to discover internal secretions that might be isolated and prove useful in therapy. Laboratory scientists, nonetheless, were among the many groups altering understanding of human sexual physiology in the first quarter of this century. The new data they generated regarding the dependence of human sexuality and fertility on (...)
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  3. Transforming Sacrifice: Irigaray and the Politics of Sexual Difference.Anne Caldwell - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):16-38.
    This essay examines Irigaray's analysis of politics and the political implications of her critique of sacrificial orders that repress difference/matter. I suggest that her descriptions of a fluid "feminine" can be read as an alternative symbolic not dependent on repression. This idea is politically promising in opening a possibility for justice and a nonantagonistic intersubjectivity. I conclude by assessing Irigaray's concrete proposals for sexuate rights and a civil identity for women.
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  4. Sexual Selection: Historical Perspectives.H. Cronin - unknown
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  5. Oh, Those Bonobos! [Review of Small, M.F., Female Choices: Sexual Behavior of Female Primates, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993].Helena Cronin - unknown
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  6. "We Won't Know Who You Are": Contesting Sex Designations in New York City Birth Certificates.Paisley Currah & Lisa Jean Moore - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (3):113 - 135.
    This article examines shifts in the legal, medical, and common-sense logics governing the designation of sex on birth certificates issued by the City of New York between 1965 and 2006. In the initial iteration, the stabilization of legal sex categories was organized around the notion of "fraud"; in the most recent iteration, "permanence" became the measure of authenticity. We frame these legal constructions of sex with theories about the "natural attitude" toward gender.
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  7. Prevarication Over the Sex of Stones: Caillois and Myth (Postscript).P. -E. Dauzat - 2005 - Diogenes 52 (4):145-149.
    Anyone who might be surprised to find an issue on the figures of myth and gender appearing under the aegis of the poet of Pierres or Récurrences dérobées can only be referred to his mineral 'mythology', where all possible permutations of the sexes have a place, as in a Mendeleyev table. But Roger Caillois' interest in myths and the notion of gender, which is found in early texts from his youth, crops up unchanged in those from his maturity, such as (...)
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  8. Sexual Alterity and the Alterity of the Real for Thought.Monique David-Menard - 2003 - Angelaki 8 (2):137-150.
  9. Sex Differences and Neuroethics.Peggy DesAutels - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (1):95-111.
    Discussions in neuroethics to date have ignored an ever-increasing neuroscientific lilterature on sex differences in brains. If, indeed, there are significant differences in the brains of men versus women and in the brains of boys versus girls, the ethical and social implications loom very large. I argue that recent neuroscientific findings on sex-based brain differences have significant implications for theories of morality and for our understandings of the neuroscience of moral cognition and behavior.
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  10. The Descent of Man and the Evolution of Woman.Penelope Deutscher - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):35-55.
    This paper addresses the appropriation of theories of evolution by nineteenth-century feminists, focusing on the critical response to Darwin's The Descent of Man by Eliza Burt Gamble and Antoinette Brown Blackwell and Charlotte Perkins Gilman's social evolutionism. For Gilman, evolutionism was a revolutionary resource for feminism, one of its greatest hopes. Gamble and Blackwell revisit Darwin's data with the aim of locating, amidst his ostensive conclusions to the contrary, his implicit "defense" of either the equality or the superiority of women. (...)
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  11. Rosalyn Diprose, The Bodies of Women: Ethics, Embodiment and Sexual Difference.M. Dhanda - 1996 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 13:327-328.
  12. In Excess: The Body and the Habit of Sexual Difference.Rosalyn Diprose - 1991 - Hypatia 6 (3):156 - 171.
    Through a re-reading of Antigone, I offer a critique of Hegel's use of the story to illustrate the unity which emerges from the representation of sexual difference in ethical life. Using Hegel's own account of habits, as the mechanism by which the body becomes a sign of the self, I argue that the pretense of social unity assumes the proper construction and representation of one body only. This critique is brought to bear upon contemporary moves towards a post-Hegelian ethics of (...)
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  13. Sex Typing for Sport.Alice Dreger - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (2):22-24.
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  14. The Riddle of Sex: Biological Theories of Sexual Difference in the Early Twentieth-Century. [REVIEW]Nathan Q. Ha - 2011 - Journal of the History of Biology 44 (3):505 - 546.
    At the turn of the twentieth century, biologists such as Oscar Riddle, Thomas Hunt Morgan, Frank Lillie, and Richard Goldschmidt all puzzled over the question of sexual difference, the distinction between male and female. They all offered competing explanations for the biological cause of this difference, and engaged in a fierce debate over the primacy of their respective theories. Riddle propounded a metabolic theory of sex dating from the late-nineteenth century suggesting that metabolism lay at the heart of sexual difference. (...)
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  15. Stem Cells, Sex, and Procreation.John Harris - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (4):353-371.
    Sex is not the answer to everything, though young men think it is, but it may be the answer to the intractable debate over the ethics of human embryonic stem cell research. In this paper, I advance one ethical principle that, as yet, has not received the attention its platitudinous character would seem to merit. If found acceptable, this principle would permit the beneficial use of any embryonic or fetal tissue that would, by default, be lost or destroyed. More important, (...)
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  16. Simone de Beauvoiris Phenomenology of Sexual Difference.Sara Heinamaa - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (4):114-132.
    The paper argues that the philosophical starting point of Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex is the phenomenological understanding of the living body, developed by Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. It shows that Beauvoir's notion of philosophy stems from the phenomenological interpretation of Cartesianism which emphasizes the role of evidence, self-criticism, and dialogue.
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  17. Simone de Beauvoir's Phenomenology of Sexual Difference.Sara Heinämaa - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (4):114-132.
    The paper argues that the philosophical starting point of Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex is the phenomenological understanding of the living body, developed by Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. It shows that Beauvoir's notion of philosophy stems from the phenomenological interpretation of Cartesianism which emphasizes the role of evidence, self-criticism, and dialogue.
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  18. Sociobiology Sex and Science.Harmon R. Holcomb Iii & Douglas Allchin - 1997 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (3):423.
    This book examines sociobiology’s validity and significance, using the sociobiological theory of the evolution of mating and parenting as an example. It identifies and discusses the array of factors that determine sociobiology’s effort to become a science, providing a rare, balanced account—more critical than that of its advocates and more constructive than that of its critics. It sees a role for sociobiology in changing the way we understand the goals of evolutionary biology, the proper way to evaluate emerging sciences, and (...)
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  19. Aristotle and Woman.Mary Anne Cline Horowitz - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):183-213.
  20. Aristotle and Woman.Maryanne Cline Horowitz - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):183 - 213.
  21. “Benign Sexual Variation”.Leonard Lawlor - 2008 - Chiasmi International 10:47-56.
  22. Sex or No Sex, Reproduction is Not the Question.David Lesbarrères - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (11):818-818.
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  23. Sex, Race, and Biopower: A Foucauldian Genealogy.Ladelle Mcwhorter - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (3):38-62.
    For many years feminists have asserted an "intersection" between sex and race. This paper, drawing heavily on the work of Michel Foucault, offers a genealogical account of the two concepts showing how they developed together and in relation to similar political forces in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Thus it attempts to give a concrete meaning to the claim that sex and race are intersecting phenomena.
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  24. Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society, and Neurosexism Create Difference. By Cordelia Fine. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2010. Brain Storm: The Flaws in the Science of Sex Differences. By Rebecca M. Jordan‐Young. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010. [REVIEW]Letitia Meynell - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (3):684-689.
  25. Sexual Difference, Animal Difference: Derrida and Difference "Worthy of Its Name".Kelly Oliver - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (2):54 - 76.
    I challenge the age-old binary opposition between human and animal, not as philosophers sometimes do by claiming that humans are also animals, or that animals are capable of suffering or intelligence, but rather by questioning the very category of "the animal" itself. This category groups a nearly infinite variety of living beings into one concept measured in terms of humans—animals are those creatures that are not human. In addition, I argue that the binary opposition between human and animal is intimately (...)
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  26. Endocrinologists and the Conceptualization of Sex, 1920-1940.Nelly Oudshoorn - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (2):163 - 186.
  27. Body and Gender Within the Stratifications of the Social Imaginary.Alice Pechriggl & Gertrude Postl - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):102 - 118.
    Using the notion of a transfiguration of sexed bodies, this text deals with the stratifications of the gender-specific imaginary. Starting from the figurative-thus creative-force of the psyche-soma, its interaction with the configurations of a collective body will be developed from the perspectives of social philosophy and philosophy of history. At the center of my discussion is the interdependence between the individual psyche-soma, the socialized individual, and a collective bodily imaginary, on the one hand, and the strata of a gender imaginary (...)
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  28. Body and Gender Within the Stratifications of the Social Imaginary.Alice Pechriggl & Translated By Gertrude Postl - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):102-118.
    Using the notion of a transfiguration of sexed bodies, this text deals with the stratifications of the gender-specific imaginary. Starting from the figurative-thus creative-force of the psyche-soma, its interaction with the configurations of a collective body will be developed from the perspectives of social philosophy and philosophy of history. At the center of my discussion is the interdependence between the individual psyche-soma, the socialized individual, and a collective bodily imaginary, on the one hand, and the strata of a gender imaginary (...)
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  29. Human Enhancement and Sexual Dimorphism.Robert Sparrow - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (9):464-475.
    I argue that the existence of sexual dimorphism poses a profound challenge to those philosophers who wish to deny the moral significance of the idea of ‘normal human capacities’ in debates about the ethics of human enhancement. The biological sex of a child will make a much greater difference to their life prospects than many of the genetic variations that the philosophical and bioethical literature has previously been concerned with. It seems, then, that bioethicists should have something to say about (...)
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  30. Better Than Men?: Sex and the Therapy/Enhancement Distinction.Robert Sparrow - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (2):pp. 115-144.
    The normative significance of the distinction between therapy and enhancement has come under sustained philosophical attack in recent discussions of the ethics of shaping future persons by means of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and other advanced genetic technologies. In this paper, I argue that giving up the idea that the answer to the question as to whether a condition is “normal” should play a crucial role in assessing the ethics of genetic interventions has unrecognized and strongly counterintuitive implications when it comes (...)
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  31. Should Human Beings Have Sex? Sexual Dimorphism and Human Enhancement.Robert Sparrow - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):3-12.
    Since the first sex reassignment operations were performed, individual sex has come to be, to some extent at least, a technological artifact. The existence of sperm sorting technology, and of prenatal determination of fetal sex via ultrasound along with the option of termination, means that we now have the power to choose the sex of our children. An influential contemporary line of thought about medical ethics suggests that we should use technology to serve the welfare of individuals and to remove (...)
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  32. Why Bioethicists Still Need to Think More About Sex ….Robert Sparrow - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):W1-W3.
  33. Asymmetrical Genders: Phenomenological Reflections on Sexual Difference.Silvia Stoller & tr Nielsen, Camilla - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):7-26.
    : One of the most fundamental premises of feminist philosophy is the assumption of an invidious asymmetry between the genders that has to be overcome. Parallel to this negative account of asymmetry we also find a positive account, developed in particular within the context of so-called feminist philosophies of difference. I explore both notions of gender asymmetry. The goal is a clarification of the notion of asymmetry as it can presently be found in feminist philosophy. Drawing upon phenomenology (Merleau-Ponty, Levinas) (...)
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  34. The Sex of Nature: A Reinterpretation of Irigaray's Metaphysics and Political Thought.Alison Stone - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (3):60-84.
    I argue that Irigaray's recent work develops a theoretically cogent and politically radical form of realist essentialism. I suggest that she identifies sexual difference with a fundamental difference between the rhythms of percipient fluids constituting women's and men's bodies, supporting this with a philosophy of nature that she justifies phenomenologically and ethically. I explore the politics Irigaray derives from this philosophy, which affirms the sexes' rights to realize the possibilities of their rhythmically diverse bodies.
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  35. Philosophizing About Sex.J. P. Sullivan - 1984 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (1):83-96.
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  36. Myth and Sex: Some Thoughts Around the Work of Françoise Héritier.M. -B. Tahon - 2005 - Diogenes 52 (4):183 - 188.
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  37. Book Review:Man and Woman: A Study of Human Secondary Sexual Characters. Havelock Ellis. [REVIEW]J. Arthur Thomson - 1895 - Ethics 5 (3):386-.
  38. Evolutionary Tango: Perceptual Asymmetries as a Trick of Sexual Selection.Luca Tommasi - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):614-615.
    I suggest that a communicative context that has the potential to establish and maintain a shared advantage of behavioral lateralization should be identified in the domain of sexual selection, specifically in the interactions that individuals exploit to assess the fitness of potential mates.
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  39. Sex and Culture.Joseph Daniel Unwin - 1934 - London: Oxford University Press UK.
  40. Confined Within the Margins : Representations of Masculinity, Femininity, and Gender Roles in Australia's Popular Magazines of the 1960's.Julie P. Ustinoff - unknown
  41. Sexuate Difference, Ontological Difference: Between Irigaray and Heidegger. [REVIEW]Anne van Leeuwen - 2010 - Continental Philosophy Review 43 (1):111-126.
    Animating Luce Irigaray’s oeuvre are two indissociable projects: the disruption of Western metaphysics and the thinking of sexual difference. The intersection of these two projects implies that any attempt to think through the meaning and significance of Irigaray’s notoriously fraught invocation of sexual difference must take seriously the way in which this invocation is itself always already inflected by her disruptive gesture. In this paper, I will attempt to elucidate one moment of this intersection by focusing on her critical engagement (...)
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  42. Brain, Sex and Ideology.C. Vidal - 2005 - Diogenes 52 (4):127-133.
    Since the 19th century, and despite tremendous progress in science, the topic of 'brain and sex' remains a matter of misleading interpretations, far beyond the field of science. The media are not solely responsible for this situation. Some scientific circles still actively promote the ideology of biological determinism in their attempt to explain differences in behaviour and cognitive abilities between men and women. Experimental data from brain imaging studies, cognitive tests or the discovery of new genes are often distorted to (...)
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  43. Intersexuality and the Categories of Sex.Georgia Warnke - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (3):126-137.
    : Operations on intersexuals indicate that the sex of a person is based on more than biology. Expectations about proper gender activities furnish the frameworks through which certain features and combinations of features are understood to be fundamental to bodies and to comprise their sex. Yet, we can ask whether this interpretation is either coherent or consistent with our fuller conceptions of ourselves. Is there a point to interpreting a person as a sex?
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  44. A Requiem to Sexual Difference:A Response to Luciana Parisi's “Event and Evolution”.Jami Weinstein - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 48 (s1):165-187.
    Aside from constructing a compelling case for how rereading evolution from a neomaterialist and radical empiricist perspective undermines an enduring binary of sexual difference, Luciana Parisi underscores a tension in the work of Elizabeth Grosz, known both for her novel, feminist, neomaterialist study of Darwinian evolution and her staunch support of sexual difference. Parisi contends, and I suspect Grosz herself is keenly aware, that there is a paradox in holding these views simultaneously. Thus, this paper will not only expand upon (...)
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  45. Sex and Enhancement: A Phenomenological-Existential View.Guy Widdershoven, Annemie Halsema & Jenny Slatman - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):20-22.
  46. Les États Asexués Et la Sexualité au Point de Vue Biométrique (Binomien).Jan Wilczyński - 1942 - Acta Biotheoretica 6 (3):153-164.
    Auf die im Jahre 1938 entwickelte allgemeine Gleichung derMendel Gesetze bezugnehmend, die die Vererbung als Ausdruck desNewtonschen Binoms hält, sucht der Verfasser dieselbe auf die Geschlechtsvererbung anzuwenden, indem er, sich des transformiertenPascal'schen arithmetischen Dreiecks bedienend, zum Schluss kommt, dass die ungeschlechtliche Vermehrung, vom rein biometrischen Standpunkt aus betrachtet, als Beispiel der Zero-Potenz in dem Kreuzungsrange angesehen werden könnte, d.h. eine komplette Konsolidierung und Homozygotie, bei alledem vielleicht sekundär aus der früher durchgemachten geschlechtlichen Vermehrung entstanden, darstellte.Die geschlechtliche Vermehrung müsste sodann etwa (...)
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  47. Parallel or Serial Processes in Sexual Differentiation?Christina L. Williams & Noah J. Sandstrom - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):340-341.
    We argue that estrogen feminization of the brain is the result of a series of events initiated by differential androgen exposure. There is no need to postulate a feminizing process parallel to androgen-induced masculinization to explain the findings.
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  48. Sociobiology, Sex, and Science.Bradley E. Wilson - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):201-210.
  49. Sexual Differences: The Contingent & The Necessary.John Wilson - 1993 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 10 (2):237-242.
  50. The Future of Sexual Revolution.H. Winthrop - 1970 - Diogenes 18 (70):57-85.
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