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  1. added 2020-05-05
    Solid State Insurrection: How the Science of Substance Made American Physics Matter.Joseph D. Martin - 2018 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Solid state physics, the study of the physical properties of solid matter, was the most populous subfield of Cold War American physics. Despite prolific contributions to consumer and medical technology, such as the transistor and magnetic resonance imaging, it garnered less professional prestige and public attention than nuclear and particle physics. Solid State Insurrection argues that solid state physics was essential to securing the vast social, political, and financial capital Cold War physics enjoyed in the twentieth century. Solid state’s technological (...)
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  2. added 2019-07-05
    Materia: Solide, Lichide, Gaze, Plasma - Fenomenologie.Nicolae Sfetcu - 2018 - Drobeta Turnu Severin: MultiMedia Publishing.
    O perspectivă contemporană asupra materiei, care ia în considerare toate entităţile ştiinţifice observabile, cu accent pe fenomene. În principiu, definiţia materiei se limitează la astfel de entităţi explorate de fizică. În funcţie de condiţiile termodinamice diferite, cum ar fi temperatura şi presiunea, materia poate exista în diferite “faze”, cele mai familiare fiind cele de solid, lichid, şi gaz. Alte faze pot fi cele de plasmă, superfluid, şi condensat Bose-Einstein. Atunci când materia trece dintr-o fază în alta, este supusă la ceea (...)
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  3. added 2019-06-29
    The Physical Theories and Infinite Hierarchical Nesting of Matter, Volume 2.Sergey G. Fedosin - 2015 - LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.
    With the help of syncretiсs as a new philosophical logic, the philosophy of carriers, the theory of similarity and the theory of Infinite Hierarchical Nesting of Matter, the problems of modern physics are analyzed. We consider the classical and relativistic mechanics, the special and general theories of relativity, the theory of electromagnetic and gravitational fields, of weak and strong interactions. The goal is axiomatization of these theories, building models of elementary particles and of their interactions with each other. The main (...)
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  4. added 2019-03-28
    Complex Systems and Renormalization Group Explanations.Margaret Morrison - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):1144-1156.
    Despite the close connection between the central limit theorem and renormalization group (RG) methods, the latter should be considered fundamentally distinct from the kind of probabilistic framework associated with statistical mechanics, especially the notion of averaging. The mathematics of RG is grounded in dynamical systems theory rather than probability, which raises important issues with respect to the way RG generates explanations of physical phenomena. I explore these differences and show why RG methods should be considered not just calculational tools but (...)
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  5. added 2019-03-25
    Renormalization Group Methods.Porter Williams - forthcoming - In Alistair Wilson & Eleanor Knox (eds.), Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Physics. Routledge.
    This is an introduction to renormalization group methods in quantum field theory aimed at philosophers of science. review path integral methods, the relationship between early renormalization theory and renormalization group methods, and conceptual shifts in thinking about quantum field theory spurred by the development of renormalization group methods.
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  6. added 2018-10-25
    The Exploratory Role of Idealizations and Limiting Cases in Models.Elay Shech & Axel Gelfert - forthcoming - Studia Metodologiczne.
    In this article we argue that idealizations and limiting cases in models play an exploratory role in science. Four senses of exploration are presented: exploration of the structure and representational capacities of theory; proof-of-principle demonstrations; potential explanations; and exploring the suitability of target systems. We illustrate our claims through three case studies, including the Aharonov-Bohm effect, the emergence of anyons and fractional quantum statistics, and the Hubbard model of the Mott phase transitions. We end by reflecting on how our case (...)
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  7. added 2018-10-25
    Infinitesimal Idealization, Easy Road Nominalism, and Fractional Quantum Statistics.Elay Shech - 2019 - Synthese 196 (5):1963-1990.
    It has been recently debated whether there exists a so-called “easy road” to nominalism. In this essay, I attempt to fill a lacuna in the debate by making a connection with the literature on infinite and infinitesimal idealization in science through an example from mathematical physics that has been largely ignored by philosophers. Specifically, by appealing to John Norton’s distinction between idealization and approximation, I argue that the phenomena of fractional quantum statistics bears negatively on Mary Leng’s proposed path to (...)
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  8. added 2018-10-25
    Philosophical Issues Concerning Phase Transitions and Anyons: Emergence, Reduction, and Explanatory Fictions.Elay Shech - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (3):585-615.
    Various claims regarding intertheoretic reduction, weak and strong notions of emergence, and explanatory fictions have been made in the context of first-order thermodynamic phase transitions. By appealing to John Norton’s recent distinction between approximation and idealization, I argue that the case study of anyons and fractional statistics, which has received little attention in the philosophy of science literature, is more hospitable to such claims. In doing so, I also identify three novel roles that explanatory fictions fulfill in science. Furthermore, I (...)
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  9. added 2018-10-25
    Idealizations, Essential Self-Adjointness, and Minimal Model Explanation in the Aharonov–Bohm Effect.Shech Elay - 2017 - Synthese 195 (11):4839-4863.
    Two approaches to understanding the idealizations that arise in the Aharonov–Bohm effect are presented. It is argued that a common topological approach, which takes the non-simply connected electron configuration space to be an essential element in the explanation and understanding of the effect, is flawed. An alternative approach is outlined. Consequently, it is shown that the existence and uniqueness of self-adjoint extensions of symmetric operators in quantum mechanics have important implications for philosophical issues. Also, the alleged indispensable explanatory role of (...)
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  10. added 2018-10-25
    Two Approaches to Fractional Statistics in the Quantum Hall Effect: Idealizations and the Curious Case of the Anyon.Elay Shech - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1063-1100.
    This paper looks at the nature of idealizations and representational structures appealed to in the context of the fractional quantum Hall effect, specifically, with respect to the emergence of anyons and fractional statistics. Drawing on an analogy with the Aharonov–Bohm effect, it is suggested that the standard approach to the effects— the topological approach to fractional statistics—relies essentially on problematic idealizations that need to be revised in order for the theory to be explanatory. An alternative geometric approach is outlined and (...)
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  11. added 2018-10-25
    What Is the Paradox of Phase Transitions?Elay Shech - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1170-1181.
    I present a novel approach to the scholarly debate that has arisen with respect to the philosophical import one should infer from scientific accounts of phase transitions by appealing to a distinction between representation understood as denotation, and faithful representation understood as a type of guide to ontology. It is argued that the entire debate is misguided, for it stems from a pseudo-paradox that does not license the type of claims made by scholars and that what is really interesting about (...)
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  12. added 2018-07-13
    Emergence Without Limits: The Case of Phonons.Alexander Franklin & Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64:68-78.
    Recent discussions of emergence in physics have focussed on the use of limiting relations, and often particularly on singular or asymptotic limits. We discuss a putative example of emergence that does not fit into this narrative: the case of phonons. These quasi-particles have some claim to be emergent, not least because the way in which they relate to the underlying crystal is almost precisely analogous to the way in which quantum particles relate to the underlying quantum field theory. But there (...)
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  13. added 2018-02-18
    Emergent Spacetime According to Effective Field Theory: From Top-Down and Bottom-Up.Karen Crowther - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):321-328.
    The framework of effective field theory is a natural one in which to understand the claim that the spacetime of general relativity is an emergent low-energy phenomenon. I argue for a pragmatic understanding of EFT, given that the appropriate conception of emergence it suggests is necessarily epistemological in a sense. Analogue models of spacetime are examples of the top-down approach to EFT. They offer concrete illustrations of spacetime emergent within an EFT, and lure us toward a strong analogy between condensed (...)
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  14. added 2018-02-17
    Physical Composition.Richard Healey - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (1):48-62.
    Atomistic metaphysics motivated an explanatory strategy which science has pursued with great success since the scientific revolution. By decomposing matter into its atomic and subatomic parts physics gave us powerful explanations and accurate predictions as well as providing a unifying framework for the rest of science. The success of the decompositional strategy has encouraged a widespread conviction that the physical world forms a compositional hierarchy that physics and other sciences are progressively articulating. But this conviction does not stand up to (...)
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  15. added 2018-01-16
    Interatomic Bonds and the Tensile Anisotropy of Trialuminides in the Elastic Limit: A Density Functional Study for Al3.M. Jahnátek, M. Krajčí & J. Hafner - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (11):1769-1794.
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  16. added 2018-01-13
    A Viscoelastic Analysis of Inelastic X-Ray Scattering Spectra From He/Ne Mixtures.Maria Grazia Izzo, Filippo Bencivenga, Alessandro Gessini, Alessandro Cunsolo & Claudio Masciovecchio - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (13-15):1767-1775.
  17. added 2018-01-13
    Quantum Fluctuation Driven First-Order Phase Transition in Weak Ferromagnetic Metals.Jason A. Jackiewicz * & Kevin S. Bedell - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (16):1755-1763.
  18. added 2018-01-13
    Decoration of Dislocations After Neutron Irradiation Between 200° and 400°C.P. J. Jackson, K. E. Black, P. D. K. Nathanson & D. Spalding - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (2):509-515.
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  19. added 2018-01-12
    Energy Distribution of Co and Ni 3dstates of Decagonal Quasicrystal Al72Co16Ni12.M. Inukai, K. Soda, S. Ota, H. Miyazaki, T. Suzuki, M. Kato, S. Yagi, Y. Tezuka & Y. Yokoyama - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (18-21):3003-3010.
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  20. added 2018-01-12
    Formation of Dislocation Loops on Prismatic Faults in Zinc Oxide in a High Voltage Electron Microscope.H. Iwanaga, N. Shibata, K. Suzuki & S. Takeuchi - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (5):1213-1219.
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  21. added 2018-01-10
    On the Renormalization Group Explanation of Universality.Alexander Franklin - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (2):225-248.
    It is commonly claimed that the universality of critical phenomena is explained through particular applications of the renormalization group. This article has three aims: to clarify the structure of the explanation of universality, to discuss the physics of such RG explanations, and to examine the extent to which universality is thus explained. The derivation of critical exponents proceeds via a real-space or a field-theoretic approach to the RG. Building on work by Mainwood, this article argues that these approaches ought to (...)
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  22. added 2018-01-10
    Charge Density Waves in Layered Metals Observed by X-Ray Photoemission.H. P. Hughes & R. A. Pollak - 1976 - Philosophical Magazine 34 (6):1025-1046.
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  23. added 2018-01-10
    Inelastic Scattering of Fast Electrons by Crystals.C. J. Humphreys & M. J. Whelan - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 20 (163):165-172.
  24. added 2018-01-10
    The Multiple Scattering of Particles of Opposite Charge.I. S. Hughes & D. Sinclair - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (45):1013-1016.
  25. added 2017-12-08
    Measurements of the Charge Acquired by Dislocations in NaCl Crystals of Known Purity.A. Huddart & R. W. Whitworth - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (1):107-119.
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  26. added 2017-12-08
    A Possible Explanation of the Results of the Preceding Note Regarding Scattering of Electrons by Stacking Faults in Lithium.A. Howie - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (69):1191-1192.
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  27. added 2017-12-03
    Pre-Precipitation Rate in Al-10% Zn Alloy Neutron Irradiated at 78°K.J. A. Horak - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (147):643-646.
  28. added 2017-11-28
    Copper Indium Diselenide: Crystallography and Radiation-Induced Dislocation Loops.J. A. Hinks & S. E. Donnelly - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (4):517-536.
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  29. added 2017-11-28
    Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy at Incommensurately Modulated Crystalline and Glassy Ba2TiGe2O8.Thomas Höche †, Peter A. van Aken, Michael Grodzicki, Frank Heyroth, Ralf Keding & Reinhard Uecker - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (29):3117-3132.
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  30. added 2017-11-25
    Atomic-Scale Modeling of Interactions of Helium, Vacancies and Helium–Vacancy Clusters with Screw Dislocations in Alpha-Iron.H. L. Heinisch, F. Gao & R. J. Kurtz - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (7-8):885-895.
  31. added 2017-11-25
    Many-Body Effects in Electron Scattering.V. Heine, P. Nozières & J. W. Wilkins - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 13 (124):741-758.
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  32. added 2017-11-25
    The Formation of Dislocation Loops in Copper During Neutron Irradiation.R. V. Hesketh - 1962 - Philosophical Magazine 7 (75):519-521.
  33. added 2017-11-24
    Detection of Hydrogen in Neutron-Irradiated Nickel Using Positron Lifetime Spectroscopy.C. He, T. Yoshiie, Q. Xu, K. Sato, S. Peneva & T. D. Troev - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (14):1183-1195.
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  34. added 2017-11-24
    The Contrast on Electron Micrographs Caused by Closely Spaced Edge Dislocation Multipoles.P. M. Hazzledixe - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 15 (133):27-42.
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  35. added 2017-11-23
    Muon Spin Rotation in GdSr 2 Cu 2 RuO 8 : Implications.Dale R. Harshman, John D. Dow, W. J. Kossler, D. R. Noakes, C. E. Stronach, A. J. Greer, E. Koster, Z. F. Ren & D. Z. Wang - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (26):1-1.
  36. added 2017-11-23
    Muon Spin Rotation in GdSr2Cu2RuO8: Implications.Dale R. Harshman, John D. Dow, W. J. Kossler, D. R. Noakes, C. E. Stronach, A. J. Greer, E. Koster, Z. F. Ren & D. Z. Wang - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (26):3055-3073.
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  37. added 2017-11-21
    Crack-Stimulated Generation of Deformation Twins in Nanocrystalline Metals and Ceramics.M. Yu Gutkin, I. A. Ovid’ko & N. V. Skiba - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (8):1137-1151.
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  38. added 2017-11-21
    Localized Electron States in the Arsenic Chalcogenides.V. Halpern - 1976 - Philosophical Magazine 34 (3):331-335.
  39. added 2017-11-21
    Energy Dependence of Anisotropy of Defect Production in Electron Irradiated Diamond-Type Crystals.I. N. Haddad & P. C. Banbury - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (130):829-840.
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  40. added 2017-11-21
    The Effect of Point Defects on Absorption of High Energy Electrons Passing Through Crystals.C. R. Hall, P. B. Hirsch† & G. R. Booker† - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (131):979-989.
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  41. added 2017-11-19
    Analytical O-Line Solutions to Phase Transformation Crystallography in Fcc/Bcc Systems.X. -F. Gu & W. -Z. Zhang - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (34):4503-4527.
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  42. added 2017-11-19
    A Note on Thermoelectric Power and Inelastic Scattering.A. M. Guénault & D. K. C. Macdonald - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (70):1201-1206.
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  43. added 2017-11-06
    Spin Treatment-Based Approach for Electronic Transport in Paramagnetic Liquid Transition Metals.B. Grosdidier, A. Ben Abdellah, K. Bouziane, S. M. Mujibur Rahman & J. G. Gasser - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (26):3576-3588.
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  44. added 2017-11-06
    Variational Approach in Dislocation Theory.I. Groma, G. Györgyi & P. D. Ispánovity - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (27-28):3679-3695.
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  45. added 2017-11-06
    A Study of Vacancies in Tungsten Wires Quenched in Superfluid Helium.Ronald J. Gripshover, Mohsen Khoshnevisan, John S. Zetts & Jack Bass - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 22 (178):757-777.
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  46. added 2017-11-06
    Vorticity in the Flow of Superfluid Helium.D. J. Griffiths - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (150):1109-1120.
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  47. added 2017-11-05
    Measurements of the Lifetime of Excitations in Superconducting Aluminium.K. E. Gray, A. R. Long & C. J. Adkins - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 20 (164):273-278.
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  48. added 2017-11-03
    Hydrogen Bonding in Condensed-Phase Alcohols: Some Keys to Understanding Their Structure and Dynamics.M. A. González, F. J. Bermejo, E. Enciso & C. Cabrillo - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (13-16):1599-1607.
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  49. added 2017-11-01
    A Model for the Initiation of Reaction Sites During the Uranium–Hydrogen Reaction Assuming Enhanced Hydrogen Transport Through Thin Areas of Surface Oxide.Joseph Glascott - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (3):221-241.
  50. added 2017-11-01
    A Model for the Initiation of Reaction Sites During the Uranium–Hydrogen Reaction Assuming Enhanced Hydrogen Transport Through Linear Oxide Discontinuities.Joseph Glascott - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (13):1393-1413.
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