This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

780 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 780
Material to categorize
  1. What Determines Evolutionary Brain Growth?Francisco Aboitiz - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):278-279.
    Finlay et al. address the importance of developmental constraints in brain size evolution. I discuss some aspects of this view such as the relation of brain size with processing capacity. In particular, I argue that in human evolution there must have been specific selection for increased processing capacity, and as a consequence for increased brain size.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Calcium/Calmodulin-Sensitive Adenylyl Cyclase as an Example of a Molecular Associative Integrator.Thomas W. Abrams - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):468-469.
    Evidence suggests that the Ca2+/calmodulin-sensitive adenylyl cyclase may play a key role in neural plasticity and learning in Aplysia, Drosophila, and mammals. This dually-regulated enzyme has been proposed as a possible site of stimulus convergence during associative learning. This commentary discusses the evidence that is required to demonstrate that a protein in a second messenger cascade actually functions as a molecular site of associative integration. It also addresses the issue of how a dually-regulated protein could contribute to the temporal pairing (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Mirror, Mirror in the Brain, What's the Monkey Stand to Gain?Colin Allen - 2010 - Noûs 44 (2):372 - 391.
    Primatologists generally agree that monkeys lack higher-order intentional capacities related to theory of mind. Yet the discovery of the so-called "mirror neurons" in monkeys suggests to many neuroscientists that they have the rudiments of intentional understanding. Given a standard philosophical view about intentional understanding, which requires higher-order intentionahty, a paradox arises. Different ways of resolving the paradox are assessed, using evidence from neural, cognitive, and behavioral studies of humans and monkeys. A decisive resolution to the paradox requires substantial additional empirical (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  4. A Critique of Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis.Michael L. Anderson - unknown
    Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) is a popular analytical technique in neuroscience that involves identifying patterns in fMRI BOLD signal data that are predictive of task conditions. But the technique is also frequently used to make inferences about the regions of the brain that are most important to the tasks in question, and our analysis shows that this is a mistake. MVPA does not provide a reliable guide to what information is being used by the brain during cognitive tasks, nor where (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Dreaming in the Late Morning: Summation of REM and Diurnal Cortical Activation.John Antrobus, Toshiaki Kondo, Ruth Reinsel & George Fein - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (3):275-299.
    Since the discovery that the characteristics of dreaming sleep are far stronger in Stage 1 rapid eye movement sleep than in any other biological state, investigators have attempted to determine the relative responsibility of the tonic versus the phasic properties of REM sleep for the different characteristics of dreaming–features such as the amount of information in the dream report, the brightness and clarity of the visual images, shifts in thematic continuity, and incongruities of image and meaning. The present experiment is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  6. Précis of Neural Organization: Structure, Function, and Dynamics.Michael A. Arbib & Péter Érdi - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):513-533.
    Neural organization: Structure, function, and dynamics shows how theory and experiment can supplement each other in an integrated, evolving account of the brain's structure, function, and dynamics. (1) Structure: Studies of brain function and dynamics build on and contribute to an understanding of many brain regions, the neural circuits that constitute them, and their spatial relations. We emphasize Szentágothai's modular architectonics principle, but also stress the importance of the microcomplexes of cerebellar circuitry and the lamellae of hippocampus. (2) Function: Control (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Platonic and Aristotelian Roots of Teleological Arguments in Cosmology and Biology.Andre Ariew - manuscript
    AristotleÕs central argument for teleologyÑthough not necessarily his conclusionÑis repeated in the teleological arguments of Isaac Newton, Immanuel Kant, William Paley, and Charles Darwin. To appreciate AristotleÕs argument and its influence I assert, first, that AristotleÕs naturalistic teleology must be distinguished from PlatoÕs anthropomorphic one; second, the form of AristotleÕs arguments for teleology should be read as instances of inferences to the best explanation. On my reading, then, both NewtonÕs and PaleyÕs teleological arguments are Aristotelian while their conclusions are Platonic. (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. The Significance of Seeking the Animal's Perspective.Arnold Arluke - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):13-14.
  9. Reflecting on Animal Consciousness.Laure Assayag - 2016 - Questions: Philosophy for Young People 16:5-6.
  10. The Consciousness of the Atom.Alice Bailey - 1961 - New York: Lucis Pub. Co..
    The purpose of this series was to present to their auditors the testimony of science as to the relation of matter and of consciousness; to enable the ...
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Bibliographical References in Ethology.Thomas Pearce Bailey - 1899
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. Problems in the Scientific Pursuit of Consciousness.William P. Banks - 1993 - Consciousness and Cognition 2 (4):255-263.
  13. Theoretical Sequelae of a Chronic Neglect and Unawareness of Prefrontotectal Pathways in the Human Brain.Francisco Barceló & Robert T. Knight - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):83-85.
    Attention research with prefrontal patients supports Merker's argument regarding the crucial role for the midbrain in higher cognition, through largely overlooked and misunderstood prefrontotectal connectivity. However, information theoretic analyses reveal that both exogenous (i.e., collicular) and endogenous (prefrontal) sources of information are responsible for large-scale context-sensitive brain dynamics, with prefrontal cortex being at the top of the hierarchy for cognitive control. (Published Online May 1 2007).
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Where the Rubber Meets the Road: The Importance of Implementation.Deanna M. Barch & Todd S. Braver - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):83-84.
    Phillips & Silverstein argue that a range of cognitive disturbances in schizophrenia result from a deficit in cognitive coordination attributable to NMDA receptor dysfunction. We suggest that the viability of this hypothesis would be further supported by explicit implementation in a computational framework that can produce quantitative estimates of the behavior of both healthy individuals and individuals with schizophrenia.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Human Ethology: Empirical Wealth, Theoretical Dearth.Jerome H. Barkow - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):27.
  16. Brain Evolution in Homo: The “Hood” Theory.Robert A. Barton - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):345-346.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Language Universals. [REVIEW]Christina Behme - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (6):867-871.
    Philosophical Psychology, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-5, Ahead of Print.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. The Hypthalamo-Tectoperiaqueductal System: Unconscious Underpinnings of Conscious Behaviour.Ralf-Peter Behrendt - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):85-86.
    The insight that, in terms of behaviour control, the mesodiencephalic system is superordinate to the cortex should have profound implications for behavioural sciences. Nevertheless, the thalamocortical system could still be deemed an “organ of consciousness” if we came to accept that consciousness is not central to purposeful behaviour, in accordance with instinct theory. Philosophically, Merker's concepts of basic consciousness and ego-centre warrant critical discussion. (Published Online May 1 2007).
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Human Ethology, Biological Determinism, Directive Genes, and Trees.Marc Bekoff - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):623.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. The Dangers of Analogy in Human Ethology.Burton Benedict - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):27.
  21. Do Animals Feel Pain? Peter Harrison.Frances M. Berenson - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Neural Game Theory and the Search for Rational Agents in the Brain.Gregory S. Berns - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):155-156.
    The advent of functional brain imaging has revolutionized the ability to understand the biological mechanisms underlying decision-making. Although it has been amply demonstrated that assumptions of rationality often break down in experimental games, there has not been an overarching theory of why this happens. I describe recent advances in functional brain imaging and suggest a framework for considering the function of the human reward system as a discrete agent.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Cognitive Pragmatics: The Mental Processes of Communication.Lucas Bietti - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):1-5.
    Philosophical Psychology, Volume 25, Issue 4, Page 623-627, August 2012.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Comparative Ethology of Incest Avoidance.Norbert Bischof - unknown
  25. Diversity: A Historical/Comparative Perspective.Ray H. Bixler - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):15.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Schizophrenia is a Disease of General Connectivity More Than a Specifically “Social Brain” Network.Conrado Bosman, Enzo Brunetti & Francisco Aboitiz - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):856-856.
    Dysfunctions of the neural circuits that implement social behavior are necessary but not a sufficient condition to develop schizophrenia. We propose that schizophrenia represents a disease of general connectivity that impairs not only the “social brain” networks, but also different neural circuits related with higher cognitive and perceptual functions. We discuss possible mechanisms and evolutionary considerations.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. Social Narratives Surrounding Dolphins: Q Method Study.Paul Boyle, Sarah Gruber, Thomas Webler, Heidi Lyn, Jessica Sickler, Diana Reiss, John Fraser & Katherine Lemcke - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (4):351-382.
    In preparation for development of an exhibit on the cognitive abilities of dolphins, the Wildlife Conservation Society sought to determine potential visitor's social perspectives about dolphin intelligence, and how these beliefs might influence acceptance of scientific information. The study reported here used Q methodology to identify these underlying social perspectives. The study of adults and the study of children each revealed three distinct perspectives. While consensus emerged among adults on points about dolphins' high intelligence and communication abilities, the three perspectives (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Cybersemiotics: A New Foundation for a Transdisciplinary Theory of Consciousness, Cognition, Meaning and Communication.Soren Brier - 2013 - In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. pp. 97--126.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Why Did Evolution Engineer Consciousness?Selmer Bringsjord & Ron Noel - 1998 - In Gregory R. Mulhauser (ed.), Evolving Consciousness. John Benjamins.
  30. Books Etcetera-the Evolution of Mind.Seth Bullock - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (9):360.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Modularity. Understanding the Development and Evolution of Natural Complex Systems.Werner Callebaut & Diego Rasskin-Gutman (eds.) - 2005 - MIT Press.
    This collection broadens the scientific discussion of modularity by bringing together experts from a variety of disciplines, including artificial life, ...
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  32. “Fatal Attraction” Syndrome: Not a Good Way to Keep Your Man.Anne Campbell - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):24-25.
    Female behavior that is driven by ambivalent attachment is far from passive or withdrawn. As dramatised in the movie such women's emotional hyper-reactivity is often expressed in violence, which is antithetical to securing investment from mates or peers. Single motherhood, rather than reflecting an avoidant strategy in which close relationships are devalued, is often the result of ecological conditions in which paternal investment is desired but unavailable.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. Ordinary Thinking About Time.John Campbell - 2006 - In Michael Stöltzner & Friedrich Stadler (eds.), Time and History: Proceedings of the 28. International Ludwig Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg Am Wechsel, Austria 2005. De Gruyter. pp. 1-12.
    I will describe two non-standard ways of thinking about time. The first is ubiquitous in animal cognition. I will call it ‘phase time’. Suppose for example you consider a hibernating animal. This animal might have representation of the various seasons of the year, and modulate its actions dependent on the season. But it need have no distinction between the winter of one year and the winter of another; it thinks of time only in terms of repeatable phases.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. Can I Be Ill and Happy?Havi Carel - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (2):95-110.
    Can one be ill and happy? I use a phenomenological approach to provide an answer to this question, using Merleau-Ponty’s distinction between the biological and the lived body. I begin by discussing the rift between the biological body and the ill person’s lived experience, which occurs in illness. The transparent and taken for granted biological body is problematised by illness, which exposes it as different from the lived experience of this body. I argue that because of this rift, the experience (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  35. Evolution of the Brain in Cetacea – is Bigger Better?Mary Carlson - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):91.
  36. Meta-Cognition in Animals: A Skeptical Look.Peter Carruthers - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (1):58–89.
    This paper examines the recent literature on meta-cognitive processes in non-human animals, arguing that in each case the data admit of a simpler, purely first-order, explanation. The topics discussed include the alleged monitoring of states of certainty and uncertainty, knowledge-seeking behavior in conditions of uncertainty, and the capacity to know whether or not the information needed to solve some problem is stored in memory. The first-order explanations advanced all assume that beliefs and desires come in various different strengths, or degrees.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   26 citations  
  37. Avoidant Strategy in Insecure Females.Bin-Bin Chen & Dan Li - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):25-26.
    This commentary cites evidence to argue that girls growing up in a competitive and aggressive environment are more likely to shift to avoidant attachment than to ambivalent attachment in middle childhood. These avoidant women are also more likely to favor a short-term mating strategy. The role of oxytocin (OT) and early experience in shaping an avoidant attachment in females is also discussed.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. The 3-D Mind.Jacques M. Chevalier - 2002 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    v. 1. Half brain fables and figs in paradise -- v. 2. The corpus and the cortex -- v. 3. Scorpions and the anatomy of time.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Spontaneous Tool Use and Sensorimotor Intelligence in Cebus Compared with Other Monkeys and Apes.Suzanne Chevalier-Skolnikoff - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):561.
  40. The Unconscious.Charles Manning Child (ed.) - 1928 - Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press.
    The beginnings of unity and order in living things, by C. M. Child.--On the structure of the unconscious, by K. Koffka.--The genesis of social reactions in the young child, by J. E. Anderson.--The unconscious of the behaviorist, by J. B. Watson.--The unconscious patterning of behavior in society by E. Sapir.--The configurations of personality, by W. I. Thomas.--The prenatal and early postnatal phenomena of consciousness, by M. E. Kenworthy.--Values in social psychology, by F. L. Wells.--Higher levels of mental integration, by W. (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Problem zwierzęcej świadomości.Krzysztof Chodasewicz - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia (2):67-79.
    The subject of this article is the problem of animal consciousness. Our folk interpretations and explanations of animal behaviour appeal to conscious mental states like e.g. fear or anger. Scholars, however, do not agree as to whether animals do in fact have conscious mental states similar to humans. According to Shettleworth, one may distinguish three positions in relation to this problem: radical opponents of the concept of animal consciousness who claim that animal are not conscious in any interesting sense; sceptics (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Seductive Allure of Dichotomies.Scott E. Christensen & S. Marc Breedlove - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):367-367.
    The basal and reciprocal models of the relationship between androgen secretion and dominance are not mutually exclusive. Individuals may differ in basal levels of androgen secretion, reactivity to experiences, and androgen sensitivity. Early experiences might affect any of these parameters.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. The Biology of Consciousness: Comparative Review of Israel Rosenfield, the Strange, Familiar, and Forgotten: An Anatomy of Consciousness and Gerald M. Edelman, Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind.W. J. Clancey - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
    For many years, most AI researchers and cognitive scientists have reserved the topic of consciousness for after dinner conversation. Like "intuition," the idea of consciousness appeared to be too vague or general to be a good starting place for understanding cognition. Work on narrowly-defined problems in specialized domains such as medicine and manufacturing focused our concerns on the nature of representation, memory, strategies for problem-solving, and learning. Some writers, notably Ornstein and Hofstadter, continued to explore the ideas, but implications for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44. The Consciousness of Animals.Edouard Claparede - 1904 - Philosophical Review 13:578.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. The Consciousness of Animals.Stephen Clark - 1991 - In Raymond Tallis & Howard Robinson (eds.), The Pursuit of Mind. Carcanet. pp. 110.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Grandparental Investment: Past, Present, and Future.David A. Coall & Ralph Hertwig - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (1):1-19.
    What motivates grandparents to their altruism? We review answers from evolutionary theory, sociology, and economics. Sometimes in direct conflict with each other, these accounts of grandparental investment exist side-by-side, with little or no theoretical integration. They all account for some of the data, and none account for all of it. We call for a more comprehensive theoretical framework of grandparental investment that addresses its proximate and ultimate causes, and its variability due to lineage, values, norms, institutions (e.g., inheritance laws), and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  47. Toward an Integrative Framework of Grandparental Investment.David A. Coall & Ralph Hertwig - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (1):40-59.
    This response outlines more reasons why we need the integrative framework of grandparental investments and intergenerational transfers that we advocated in the target article. We discusses obstacles that stand in the way of such a framework and of a better understanding of the effects of grandparenting in the developed world. We highlight new research directions that have emerged from the commentaries, and we end by discussing some of the things in our target article about which we may have been wrong.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Innateness, Canalization, and the Modality-Independence of Language: A Reply to Griffiths and Machery.John Collins - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):195-206.
    Griffiths and Machery (2008) argue that innateness is a ?folk biological? notion, which, as such, has no useful reconstruction in contemporary biology. If this is so, not only is it wrong to identify the vernacular notion with the precise theoretical concept of canalization, but worse, it would appear that many of the putative scientific claims for particular competences and capacities being innate are simply misplaced. The present paper challenges the core substantive claim of Griffiths and Machery's position, namely, that innateness (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49. Dolphin Social Intelligence: Complex Alliance Relationships in Bottlenose Dolphins and a Consideration of Selective Environments for Extreme Brain Size Evolution in Mammals.Richard C. Connor - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  50. Cognitive Neuroscience: The Troubled Marriage of Cognitive Science and Neuroscience.Richard P. Cooper & Tim Shallice - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):398-406.
    We discuss the development of cognitive neuroscience in terms of the tension between the greater sophistication in cognitive concepts and methods of the cognitive sciences and the increasing power of more standard biological approaches to understanding brain structure and function. There have been major technological developments in brain imaging and advances in simulation, but there have also been shifts in emphasis, with topics such as thinking, consciousness, and social cognition becoming fashionable within the brain sciences. The discipline has great promise (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 780