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  1. H. A. Abramson (ed.) (1952). Problems of Consciousness: Transactions of the Third Conference. Josiah Macy Foundation.
  2. Hannah Ahlheim (2013). Governing the World of Wakefulness: The Exploration of Alertness, Performance, and Brain Activity with the Help of “Stay‐Awake‐Men” (1884–1964). [REVIEW] Anthropology of Consciousness 24 (2):117-136.
    In January 1959, famous radio DJ Peter Tripp stayed awake for 200 hours in a glass booth on Times Square, exposing his weakening body and distracted sleepless mind to the public. Tripp's playing with the borderlines of consciousness was a media attraction, but the DJ also served as a guinea pig for scientific research. From the late 19th century on, several experts had tried to explore the world of wakefulness by observing stay-awake-men. With their help, researchers tested methods of measuring (...)
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  3. J. Allan Hobson (2002). Sleep and Dream Suppression Following a Lateral Medullary Infarct: A First-Person Account. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):377-390.
    Consciousness can be studied only if subjective experience is documented and quantified, yet first-person accounts of the effects of brain injury on conscious experience are as rare as they are potentially useful. This report documents the alterations in waking, sleeping, and dreaming caused by a lateral medullary infarct. Total insomnia and the initial suppression of dreaming was followed by the gradual recovery of both functions. A visual hallucinosis during waking that was associated with the initial period of sleep and dream (...)
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  4. Walter C. Alvarez (1965). From Dream to Discovery. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 8 (2):271-273.
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  5. Reza Amini, Catherine Sabourin & Joseph de Koninck (2011). Word Associations Contribute to Machine Learning in Automatic Scoring of Degree of Emotional Tones in Dream Reports. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1570-1576.
    Scientific study of dreams requires the most objective methods to reliably analyze dream content. In this context, artificial intelligence should prove useful for an automatic and non subjective scoring technique. Past research has utilized word search and emotional affiliation methods, to model and automatically match human judges’ scoring of dream report’s negative emotional tone. The current study added word associations to improve the model’s accuracy. Word associations were established using words’ frequency of co-occurrence with their defining words as found in (...)
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  6. John S. Antrobus (2000). How Does the Dreaming Brain Explain the Dreaming Mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):904-907.
    Recent work on functional brain architecture during dreaming provides invaluable clues for an understanding of dreaming, but identifying active brain regions during dreaming, together with their waking cognitive and cognitive functions, informs a model that accounts for only the grossest characteristics of dreaming. Improved dreaming models require cross discipline apprehension of what it is we want dreaming models to “explain.” [Hobson et al.; Neilsen; Revonsuo; Solms].
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  7. J. B. Arden (1996). Consciousness, Dreams, and Self: A Transdisciplinary Approach. Psychosocial Press.
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  8. Rita B. Ardito (2000). Dreaming as an Active Construction of Meaning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):907-908.
    Although the work of Revonsuo is commendable for its attempt to use an evolutionary approach to formulate a hypothesis about the adaptive function of dreaming, the conclusions arrived at by this author cannot be fully shared. Particularly questionable is the idea that the specific function of dreaming is to simulate threatening events. I propose here a hypothesis in which the dream can have a different function. [Revonsuo].
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  9. Isabelle Arnulf, Laure Grosliere, Thibault Le Corvec, Jean-Louis Golmard, Olivier Lascols & Alexandre Duguet (2014). Will Students Pass a Competitive Exam That They Failed in Their Dreams? Consciousness and Cognition 29:36-47.
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  10. Denholm J. Aspy, Paul Delfabbro & Michael Proeve (2015). Is Dream Recall Underestimated by Retrospective Measures and Enhanced by Keeping a Logbook? A Review. Consciousness and Cognition 33:364-374.
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  11. Jean-Paul Baldacchino (2009). Dreams in Child Analysis: Winnicott's Piggle and Dreams as Symptoms in a Lacanian Clinic. Analysis 15:99.
  12. D. Barrett & Patrick McNamara (eds.) (2007). The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers.
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  13. Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara (eds.) (2007). The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.
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  14. Imants Baruss (2003). Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists. American Psychological Association.
  15. Imants Baruss (2003). Dreams. In Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists. American Psychological Association. pp. 79-106.
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  16. Imants Baruss (2003). Sleep. In Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists. American Psychological Association. pp. 51-78.
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  17. Claudio Bassetti (2001). Disturbances of Consciousness and Sleep-Wake Functions. In Julien Bogousslavsky & Louis R. Caplan (eds.), Stroke Syndromes. Cambridge University Press. pp. 192-210.
  18. Errol Bedford (1961). Dreaming, by Norman Malcolm. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1959. Pp. 128. Price 12s. 6d.). Philosophy 36 (138):377-.
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  19. E. Bentley (2000). Awareness: Biorhythms, Sleep and Dreaming. Routledge.
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  20. Susan Blackmore, Published in Skeptical Inquirer 1991, 15, 362-370.
    What could it mean to be conscious in your dreams? For most of us, dreaming is something quite separate from normal life. When we wake up from being chased by a ferocious tiger, or seduced by a devastatingly good-looking Nobel Prize winner we realize with relief or disappointment that "it was only a dream.".
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  21. Susan J. Blackmore (1991). Lucid Dreaming: Awake in Your Sleep? Skeptical Inquirer 15:362-370.
    What could it mean to be conscious in your dreams? For most of us, dreaming is something quite separate from normal life. When we wake up from being chased by a ferocious tiger, or seduced by a devastatingly good-looking Nobel Prize winner we realize with relief or disappointment that "it was only a dream.".
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  22. M. Blagrove, S. Blakemore & B. Thayer (2006). The Ability to Self-Tickle Following Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Dreaming. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):285-294.
    Self-produced tactile stimulation usually feels less tickly—is perceptually attenuated—relative to the same stimulation produced externally. This is not true, however, for individuals with schizophrenia. Here, we investigate whether the lack of attenuation to self-produced stimuli seen in schizophrenia also occurs for normal participants following REM dreams. Fourteen participants were stimulated on their left palm with a tactile stimulation device which allowed the same stimulus to be generated by the participant or by the experimenter. The level of self-tickling attenuation did not (...)
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  23. Mark Blagrove (2000). Dreams Have Meaning but No Function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):910-911.
    Solms shows the cortical basis for why dreams reflect waking concerns and goals, but with deficient volition. I argue the latter relates to Hobson et al.'s process I as well as M. A memory function for REM sleep is possible, but may be irrelevant to dream characteristics, which, contrary to Revonsuo, mirror the range of waking emotions, positive and negative. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Solms; Revonsuo; Vertes & Eastman].
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  24. Mark Blagrove (1996). Problems with the Cognitive Psychological Modeling of Dreaming. Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (2):99-134.
    It is frequently assumed that dreaming can be likened to such waking cognitive activities as imagination, analogical reasoning, and creativity, and that these models can then be used to explain instances of problem solving during dreams. This paper emphasizes instead the lack of reflexivity and intentionality within dreams, which undermines their characterization as analogs of the waking world, and opposes claims that dreams can complement and aid waking world problem solving. The importance of reflexivity in imagination, in analogical reasoning and (...)
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  25. Mark Blagrove, Josie Henley-Einion, Amanda Barnett, Darren Edwards & C. Heidi Seage (2011). A Replication of the 5–7day Dream-Lag Effect with Comparison of Dreams to Future Events as Control for Baseline Matching. [REVIEW] Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):384-391.
    The dream-lag effect refers to there being, after the frequent incorporation of memory elements from the previous day into dreams , a lower incorporation of memory elements from 2 to 4 days before the dream, but then an increased incorporation of memory elements from 5 to 7 days before the dream. Participants kept a daily diary and a dream diary for 14 days and then rated the level of matching between every dream report and every daily diary record. Baseline matching (...)
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  26. Julien Bogousslavsky & Louis R. Caplan (eds.) (2001). Stroke Syndromes. Cambridge University Press.
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  27. R. Bootsen, John F. Kihlstrom & Daniel L. Schacter (eds.) (1990). Sleep and Cognition. American Psychological Association Press.
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  28. Alexander A. Borbély & Lutz Wittmann (2000). Sleep, Not Rem Sleep, is the Royal Road to Dreams. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):911-912.
    The advent of functional imaging has reinforced the attempts to define dreaming as a sleep state-dependent phenomenon. PET scans revealed major differences between nonREM sleep and REM sleep. However, because dreaming occurs throughout sleep, the common features of the two sleep states, rather than the differences, could help define the prerequisite for the occurrence of dreams. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Solms; Revonsuo; Vertes & Eastman].
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  29. Jan Born & Steffen Gais (2000). Rem Sleep Deprivation: The Wrong Paradigm Leading to Wrong Conclusions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):912-913.
    There are obvious flaws in REM sleep suppression paradigms that do not allow any conclusion to be drawn either pro or contra the REM sleep-memory hypothesis. However, less intrusive investigations of REM sleep suggest that this sleep stage or its adjunct neuroendocrine characteristics exert a facilitating influence on certain aspects of ongoing memory formation during sleep. [Nielsen; Vertes & Eastman].
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  30. M. Bosinelli (1995). Mind and Consciousness During Sleep. Behavioural Brain Research 69:195-201.
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  31. Robert Botkin (1972). What Can We Do When Dreaming? A Reply to Professor Davis. Southern Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):367-372.
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  32. Robert Botkin (1972). What Can We Do When Dreaming? Southern Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):367-372.
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  33. Derek P. Brereton (2000). Dreaming, Adaptation, and Consciousness.The Social Mapping Hypothesis. Ethos 28 (3):379-409.
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  34. Derek P. Brereton (2000). Dreaming, Adaptation, and Consciousness: The Social Mapping Hypothesis. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 28 (3):377-409.
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  35. Bill Brewer (2001). Precis of Perception and Reason, and Response to Commentator (Michael Ayers). Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    What is the role of conscious perceptual experience in the acquisition of empirical knowledge? My central claim is that a proper account of the way in which perceptual experiences contribute to our understanding of the most basic beliefs about particular things in the mind-independent world around us reveals how such experiences provide peculiarly fundamental reasons for such beliefs. There are, I claim, epistemic requirements upon the very possibility of empirical belief. The crucial epistemological role of experiences lies in their essential (...)
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  36. Jean Bricmont, The Sleep of Reason.
    You will remember that in 1996 a physicist at New York University named Alan Sokal brought off a delicious hoax that displayed the fraudulence of certain leading figures in cultural studies. He submitted to the journal Social Text an article entitled "Transgressing the boundaries: Toward a transformative hermeneutics of quantum gravity", espousing the fashionable doctrine that scientific objectivity is a myth, and combining heavy technical references to contemporary physics and mathematics with patently ridiculous claims about their broader philosophical, cultural and (...)
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  37. R. J. Broughton (1982). Human Consciousness and Sleep/Waking Rhythms: A Review and Some Neuropsychological Considerations. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology 4:193-218.
  38. Alice Browne (1977). Descartes's Dreams. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 40:256-273.
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  39. P. Brugger (2008). The Phantom Limb in Dreams☆. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1272-1278.
    Mulder and colleagues [Mulder, T., Hochstenbach, J., Dijkstra, P. U., Geertzen, J. H. B. . Born to adapt, but not in your dreams. Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 1266–1271.] report that a majority of amputees continue to experience a normally-limbed body during their night dreams. They interprete this observation as a failure of the body schema to adapt to the new body shape. The present note does not question this interpretation, but points to the already existing literature on the phenomenology of (...)
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  40. Richard A. Bryant, Miriam Wyzenbeek & Julia Weinstein (2011). Dream Rebound of Suppressed Emotional Thoughts: The Influence of Cognitive Load. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):515-522.
    Initial evidence suggests that suppressing a thought prior to sleep results in subsequent dreaming of that thought. The present research examined the influence of cognitive load on dreaming following suppression. In Experiment 1, 100 participants received either a suppression instruction or no instruction for an intrusive thought prior to sleep, and subsequently completed a dream diary. Participants instructed to suppress reported dreaming about the target thought more than controls; dream rebound was predicted by poorer performance on a working memory task. (...)
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  41. K. BulKeley & T. Kahan (2008). The Impact of September 11 on Dreaming☆. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1248-1256.
    This study focuses on a set of dreams related to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and their aftermath, using content analysis and cognitive psychology to explore the interweaving of external public catastrophe and internal psychological processes. The study tests several recent claims in contemporary dream research, including the central image theory of Hartmann [Hartmann, E., & Basile, R. . Dream imagery becomes more intense after 9/11/01. Dreaming, 13, 61–66; Hartmann, E., & Brezler, T. . A systematic change in dreams (...)
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  42. Kelly Bulkeley (2014). Digital Dream Analysis: A Revised Method. Consciousness and Cognition 29:159-170.
  43. Kelly Bulkeley (2009). Seeking Patterns in Dream Content: A Systematic Approach to Word Searches. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):905-916.
    This paper systematizes the word search potential of DreamBank.net by formulating and testing a set of word strings that can be used as default analytic categories in future investigations. The word strings are applied to the 981 dream reports of college students gathered by Hall and Van de Castle and the 136 dream reports of an 80-year old male gathered by Bulkeley . The results show a basic compatibility with the frequencies identified by Hall and Van de Castle’s labor-intensive method (...)
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  44. Kelly Bulkeley (ed.) (2001). Dreams: A Reader on Religious, Cultural, and Psychological Dimensions of Dreaming. Palgrave.
    "Dreams" is a long overdue collection of writing on dreams from many of the top scholars in religious studies, anthropology, and psychology departments.
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  45. Charles J. Bussey (1993). Julius B. Richmond and Head Start: The Dream Become Reality. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 36 (3):429-441.
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  46. Robert L. Caldwell (1965). Malcolm and the Criterion of Sleep. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43 (December):339-352.
  47. Brian Cantwell Smith (1965). Dreaming. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43 (May):48-57.
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  48. James D. Carney (1960). Book Review:Dreaming Norman Malcolm. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 27 (4):414-.
  49. Michelle Carr & Tore Nielsen (2015). Daydreams and Nap Dreams: Content Comparisons. Consciousness and Cognition 36:196-205.
  50. Rosalind Cartwright (2000). How and Why the Brain Makes Dreams: A Report Card on Current Research on Dreaming. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):914-916.
    The target articles in this volume address the three major questions about dreaming that have been most responsible for the delay in progress in this field over the past 25 years. These are: (1) Where in the brain is dreaming produced, given that dream reports can be elicited from sleep stages other than REM? (2) Do dream plots have any intrinsic meaning? (3) Does dreaming serve some specialized function? The answers offered here when added together support a new model of (...)
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