Contemporary Chinese Philosophy

Edited by Stephen C. Angle (Wesleyan University)
Assistant editor: Maxwell Fong (Wesleyan University)
About this topic
Summary The time period covered by "Contemporary Chinese Philosophy" runs from the late nineteenth century (the late Qing dynasty) to the present. One of the central dynamics of this era is Chinese thinkers' engagement with European, Indian, and American philosophical traditions. Chinese versions of liberalism and Marxism flourish. Chinese philosophers also reflect critically on their own traditions, leading some to advocate the abandonment of Chinese traditions while others promote renewed or synthetic forms. Several varieties of "New Confucianism" emerge, the most prominent of which is Mou Zongsan's Kantian reading of Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism. ("Neo-Confucianism" generally refers to the revival of Confucianism that began around 1000 CE; "New Confucianism" refers to twentieth-century developments.) In recent years, two main trends have dominated: on the one hand, a back-to-the classics movement that has sometimes been coupled with suspicion about the aptness to China of the Western-inspired category of "philosophy (zhexue)," and on the other hand, the continued proliferation of eclectic, synthetic philosophizing drawing on various sources.
Key works Relatively few of the key works of contemporary Chinese philosophy have been translated, though see Angle & Svensson 2001. For a good collection of secondary essays on major thinkers, see Cheng & Bunnin 2002. CAP provides an important, if controversial, overview of modern Chinese political thinking. Mao's thought is given an insightful treatment in Wakeman 1973; see also Knight 2005. For a good overview of Mou Zongsan, see Chan 2011; for recent developments within Confucianism, see Angle 2012 and Dallmayr & Zhao 2012.
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  1. The Synthesis of Chinese and Western Philosophy in Mao Tse-Tung's Theory of Dialectic.Andreas Arndt - 1981 - Studies in Soviet Thought 22 (3):196-205.
  2. Identifying Taiwanese Enterprises in Mainland China. Vietnam and Indonesia as Targets.East Asia - forthcoming - Journal of Business/Ethics.
  3. Tu Weiming.Iep Author - 2016
    Tu Weiming Tu Weiming is one of the most famous Chinese Confucian thinkers of the 20th and 21st centuries. As a prominent member of the third generation of “New Confucians,” Tu stressed the significance of religiosity within Confucianism. Inspired by his teacher Mou Zongsan as well as his decades of study … Continue reading Tu Weiming →.
  4. Feng Liu Qu: Ni You Suo Bu Zhi de Li Shi Ren Wu.Pengshan Bao - 2012 - Ben Shi Wen Hua Gu Fen You Xian Gong Si.
  5. Classics in Chinese Philosophy From Mo Tzu to Mao Tse-Tung.Wade Baskin - 1976 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 32 (2):227-228.
  6. Reconciling Confucianism and Nationalism.Daniel A. Bell - 2014 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 41 (1-2):33-54.
    Confucianism has made a comeback in mainland China over the last two decades or so. Politically minded Confucian revivalists see Confucianism as the core of national identity that differs from “foreign” traditions such as liberalism and they argue for replacing Marxism with Confucianism as the core ideology of the one-party state. But is the ancient tradition of Confucianism compatible with the modern tradition of nationalism? And is it possible to defend a morally appealing form of “Confucian nationalism”? This essay argues (...)
  7. Teaching Confucianism in Christian Contexts.Judith A. Berling - 2008 - In Jeffrey L. Richey (ed.), Teaching Confucianism. Oxford University Press. pp. 203.
  8. Review of Primitive Passions: Visuality, Sexuality, Ethnography, and Contemporary Chinese Cinema by Rey Chow. [REVIEW]Susan Blum - 1997 - Philosophy East and West 47 (3):435-439.
  9. What Did the Ancient Chinese Philosophers Discuss?Wang Bo - 1999 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 30 (4):28-40.
    Although I do not have any final thoughts about the present topic, it might still be valuable to identify what questions are bothering many Chinese scholars. During an academic meeting last month Professor Yu Dunkang summarized the embarrassing situation confronting the study of Chinese philosophy today, as follows: "The object remains unclear, and the value is misplaced." The phrase "the object remains unclear" means that scholars are not sure what questions need to be studied in relation to what is called (...)
  10. History of Chinese Philosophy, Volume 2: The Period of Classical Learning From the Second Century B.C. To the Twentieth Century A.D. [REVIEW]Derk Bodde (ed.) - 1983 - Princeton University Press.
    Since its original publication in Chinese in the 1930s, this work has been accepted by Chinese scholars as the most important contribution to the study of their country's philosophy. In 1952 the book was published by Princeton University Press in an English translation by the distinguished scholar of Chinese history, Derk Bodde, "the dedicated translator of Fung Yu-lan's huge history of Chinese philosophy". Available for the first time in paperback, it remains the most complete work on the subject in any (...)
  11. Guide to Chinese Philosophy.Derk Bodde, Charles Wei-Hsun Fu & Wing-Tsit Chan - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (1):88.
  12. Confucianism, Puritanism, and the Transcendental: China and America.Thorsten Botz-Bornstein - 2011 - ProtoSociology 28:153-172.
    Max Weber examined Chinese society and European Puritanism at the beginning of the Twentieth Century in order to find out why capitalism did not develop in China. He found that Confucianism and Puritanism are mutually exclusive, which enabled him to oppose both in the form of two different kinds of rationalism. I attempt neither to refute nor to confirm the Weberian thought model. Instead I show that a similar model applies to Jean Baudrillard’s vision of American culture, a culture that (...)
  13. Advanced Reader in Chinese History.E. Bruce Brooks, Grace Wan & Wallace Johnson - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (2):206.
  14. Chinese Marxism in the Post-Mao Era.Bill Brugger & David Kelly - 1995 - Philosophy East and West 45 (1):135-136.
  15. Yan, Binggang 顏炳罡, Integration and Recasting: A Study of M Ou Zongsan's Philosophy 整合與重鑄: 牟宗三哲學思想研究.Philippe Brunozzi - 2014 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (2):295-298.
  16. An Introduction to Feng Shui.Ole Bruun - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Feng Shui has been known in the West for the last 150 years but has mostly been regarded as a primitive superstition. During the modern period successive regimes in China have suppressed its practice. However, in the last few decades Feng Shui has become a global spiritual movement with professional associations, thousands of titles published on the subject, countless websites devoted to it and millions of users. In this book Ole Bruun explains Feng Shui's Chinese origins and meanings as well (...)
  17. God's Knowledge and Ours: Kant and Mou Zongsan on Intellectual Intuition.Nicholas Bunnin - 2013 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 40:47-58.
  18. Chinese Whispers.Nicholas Bunnin - 2003 - The Philosophers' Magazine 21 (21):15-16.
  19. Chinese Marxism.Barry Buzan - 2005 - Contemporary Political Theory 4 (3):349-351.
  20. Luo, Bingxiang 羅秉祥, Chen Qiangli 陳強立, and Zhang Ying 張穎, Bioethics: From the Perspective of Chinese Philosophy 生命倫理學的中國哲學思考.Zhen Cai - 2014 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (4):601-603.
  21. Han and Tang Ideals and the Future of Chinese Arts.Curtis L. Carter & Yang Yibo - unknown
  22. Chinese Thought, a Continuation of 'Chinese Philosophy'.Paul Carus - 1907
  23. Le Confucianism.Albert Cavin - 1968 - Cercle du Bibliophile.
  24. Confucianism.Chʻu Chai - 1973 - Woodbury, N.Y.Barron's Educational Series.
  25. Thinking Through Confucian Modernity: A Study of Mou Zongsan's Moral Metaphysics by Sebastien Billioud (Review).Wing-Cheuk Chan - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (4):683-686.
  26. Thinking Through Confucian Modernity: A Study of Mou Zongsan’s Moral Metaphysics by Sebastien Billioud. [REVIEW]Wing-Cheuk Chan - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (4):683-686.
  27. Neo-Confucianism, Etc. Essays.Wing-Tsit Chan & Ch'êng-Chih Ch'ên - 1969 - Hong Kong Office, Oriental Society.
  28. Neo-Confucianism, Etc Essays.Wing-Tsit Chan & Ch Êng-Chih Ch Ên - 1969 - Oriental Society.
  29. Han Ying Che Hsüeh Ch Ang Yung Tz U Hui = Chinese-English Useful Terminology in Philosophy.Chün-fu Chang - 1989
  30. 'New Lixue'metaphysics, Examination and Critique+ Feng, Youlan.Lai Chen - 1994 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 21 (3-4):363-396.
  31. Antiradicalism and the Historical Situation of Contemporary Chinese Intellectuals.X. M. Chen - 1998 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 29 (2):29-44.
  32. Contemporary Chinese Philosophy.Chung-Ying Cheng & Nicholas Bunnin (eds.) - 2002 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  33. Ideology Fading Out, Scholarship Highlighting.Guangyun Cheng & Nianxi Xia - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 29:15-21.
    In Mainland China, due to dominant status and decisive function of Marxism philosophy, philosophy has developed as the state ideology since the foundation of People’s Republic of China in 1949. However, since the 1990s the humanities and social sciences have been experiencing an obvious academic turn in Mainland China. The event first set in with a debate on academic norms and with the debate the academic norms have gradually become the mainstreamin Mainland China. In accordance with the division of disciplines (...)
  34. Zhongguo Zhe Xue Zong Lun: Shiquan Xian Sheng Lun Wen Ji.Shiquan Cheng - 2007 - Wen Jing Shu Ju.
  35. The Need for Concrete Analysis of Philosophical Thought From the Historical Past.Feng Chi - 1980 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 12 (2):76-81.
    In the field of the history of Chinese philosophy, there are still a number of tasks that need to be done in clearing up the chaos and restoring order, in purging the poison spread by Lin Biao and the "gang of four," in overcoming the influence of the ultraleftist line. How was it that the "gang of four" was able to revise the history of Chinese philosophy and use the slogan of "evaluating the Legalists and criticizing the Confucians" as a (...)
  36. Morality as Politics: The Restoration of Ch'eng-Chu Neo-Confucianism in Late Imperial China.Wei-Chun Chiu - 1992 - Dissertation, The Ohio State University
    This study aims to explore the restoration of Ch'eng-Chu Neo-Confucianism in the mid-19th century China through the examination of the thoughts of three major Neo-Confucianists who contributed to it: T'ang Chien , Wo-jen , and Tseng Kuo-fan . Through the analysis of the thoughts of these three minds, this study will display the development, character, and their socio-political implications of Ch'eng-Chu Neo-Confucianism in late imperial China. There are two foci in this study: the Ch'eng-Chu circle as an intellectual school and (...)
  37. Chusŏ Yoryu.Ik Cho - 2006 - Sŏul Taehakkyo Kyujanggak HanʼGukhak YŏnʼGuwŏn.
  38. Lun Jen Ho Jen Ti Chieh Fang.Fu-ch eng Chou - 1997
  39. Great Changes in Marxist Philosophy in China Since 1978.Li-Quan Chou - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (1):58-63.
  40. The Development of the Chinese Humanistic Spirit.T'ang Chün-I. - 1974 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (4):39-71.
    In one sense, all academic thoughts are human ideas, and all cultures are productions of man. Therefore, the spirit of all human cultures is always humanistic. To discuss any kind of academic thoughts is to discuss the ideas of man. Speaking in this way, however, we cannot reveal and illuminate the meaning of such terms as "humanistic thought" or "humanistic spirit" because of the lack of contradistinctions. We must then say that, in addition to humanistic thought or spirit, there are (...)
  41. "The Religious Nature of Confucianism in Contemporary China's" Cultural Renaissance Movement".Gan Chunsong & Zhou Yiqun - 2012 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 44 (2):3-15.
    The old, controversial question of whether Confucianism is a religion or not has reemerged as a central issue in contemporary China's "Cultural Renaissance Movement." The papers in this issue offer a glimpse of some notable scholarly views in recent discussions on the religious properties of Confucianism and the possibility of the religious transformation of Confucianism. The major topics include the competition between Confucianism and Christianity, the necessity to establish Confucianism as a state religion, the conception of fashioning Confucianism as a (...)
  42. Ch°Angæop Kwa Susæong Æui Chæongch°I Sasang.Yæon-sik Ch°oe - 2003
  43. Philosophy of Life.Li-fu Chʻen - 1948 - New York: Philosophical Library.
  44. Sébastien Billioud. Thinking Through Confucian Modernity: A Study of Mou Zongsan's Moral Metaphysics.Jason Clower - 2014 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 41 (1-2):217-219.
  45. Encyclopedia of Chinese Philosophy.Antonio S. Cua (ed.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    Featuring contributions from the world's most highly esteemed Asian philosophy scholars, this important new encyclopedia covers the complex and increasingly influential field of Chinese thought, from earliest recorded times to the present day. Including coverage on the subject previously unavailable to English speakers, the _Encyclopedia_ sheds light on the extensive range of concepts, movements, philosophical works, and thinkers that populate the field. It includes a thorough survey of the history of Chinese philosophy; entries on all major thinkers from Confucius to (...)
  46. 7 Confucianism, Maoism, and Max Weber.C. Yu David - 1985 - In Vatro Murvar (ed.), Theory of Liberty, Legitimacy, and Power: New Directions in the Intellectual and Scientific Legacy of Max Weber. Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 141.
  47. Ren Jiyu: The Marxist View of Chinese Philosophy and Religion.Carine Defoort & Yvonne Schulz Zinda - 2010 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 41 (4):3-17.
    The world of Chinese philosophy witnessed an ideological storm that raged for almost four decades in the second half of the twentieth century, and Ren Jiyu was a leading figure in it. The Marxist interpretation of traditional Chinese thought in terms of five scientifically determined historical stages, an economic substructure with its ideological superstructure, and a continuous struggle between materialism and idealism, was like a whirlwind that came and went in Chinese academia. This interpretive framework for the study of Chinese (...)
  48. Riben de Wang Chong "Lun Heng" Yan Jiu Lun Zhu Mu Lu Bian Nian Ti Yao.Hong Deng - 2005 - Zhi Shu Fang Chu Ban She.
  49. The Problematic of Self in Modern Chinese Literature Hu Feng and Lu Ling.Kirk A. Denton - 1998
  50. A Short History of Chinese Philosophy. By Fung Yu-Lan. Edited by Derk Bodde. New York: Macmillan. 1948.W. A. C. H. Dobson - 1950 - Philosophy 25 (92):75-.
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