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  1. Causation and Mental Content: Against the Externalist Interpretation of Ockham.Susan Brower-Toland - 2017 - In Magali Elise Roques & Jenny Pelletier (eds.), The Language of Thought in Late Medieval Philosophy. Essays in Honour of Claude Panaccio.
    On the dominant interpretation, Ockham is an externalist about mental content. This reading is founded principally on his theory of intuitive cognition. Intuitive cognition plays a foundational role in Ockham’s account of concept formation and judgment, and Ockham insists that the content of intuitive states is determined by the causal relations such states bear to their objects. The aim of this paper is to challenge the externalist interpretation by situating Ockham’s account of intuitive cognition vis-à-vis his broader account of efficient (...)
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  2. Adaptationism, Deflationism, and Anti-Individualism.Tomas Hribek - 2011 - In Tomas Hribek & Juraj Hvorecky (eds.), Knowledge, Value, Evolution. Londýn, Velká Británie: pp. 167-187.
    An examination of the externalist theories of Tyler Burge, Daniel Dennett and Ruth Millikan.
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  3. What is the Extension of the Extended Mind?Hajo Greif - 2017 - Synthese 194 (11):4311-4336.
    Two aspects of cognitive coupling, as brought forward in the Extended Mind Hypothesis, are discussed in this paper: how shall the functional coupling between the organism and some entity in his environment be spelled out in detail? What are the paradigmatic external entities to enter into that coupling? These two related questions are best answered in the light of an aetiological variety of functionalist argument that adds historical depth to the “active externalism” promoted by Clark and Chalmers and helps to (...)
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  4. Extended Cognition and the Internet.Paul Smart - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (3):357-390.
    The Internet is an important focus of attention for those concerned with issues of extended cognition. In particular, the application of active externalist theorizing to the Internet gives rise to the notion of Internet-extended cognition: the idea that the Internet can form part of an integrated nexus of material elements that serves as the realization base for human mental states and processes. The current review attempts to survey a range of issues and controversies that arise in respect of the notion (...)
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  5. Is Having Your Computer Compromised a Personal Assault? The Ethics of Extended Cognition.J. Adam Carter & S. Orestis Palermos - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (4):542-560.
    Philosophy of mind and cognitive science have recently become increasingly receptive to the hypothesis of extended cognition, according to which external artifacts such as our laptops and smartphones can—under appropriate circumstances—feature as material realizers of a person's cognitive processes. We argue that, to the extent that the hypothesis of extended cognition is correct, our legal and ethical theorizing and practice must be updated by broadening our conception of personal assault so as to include intentional harm toward gadgets that have been (...)
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  6. Content Essentialism.Marian David - 2002 - Acta Analytica 17 (1):103-114.
    The paper offers some preliminary and rather unsystematic reflections about the question: Do Beliefs Have Their Contents Essentially? The question looks like it ought to be important, yet it is rarely discussed. Maybe that’s because content essentialism, i.e., the view that beliefs do have their contents essentially, is simply too obviously and trivially true to deserve much discussion. I sketch a common-sense argument that might be taken to show that content essentialism is indeed utterly obvious and/or trivial. Somewhat against this, (...)
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  7. Commentary on Pushing the Bounds of Rationality: Argumentation and Extended Cognition.G. C. Goddu - unknown
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  8. The Meaning of Mind. [REVIEW]Susan Dwyer - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (2):420-421.
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  9. Semantic Inferentialism as Active Externalism.Adam Carter, James H. Collin & Orestis Palermos - unknown
    Within contemporary philosophy of mind, it is taken for granted that externalist accounts of meaning and mental content are, in principle, orthogonal to the matter of whether cognition itself is bound within the biological brain or whether it can constitutively include parts of the world. Accordingly, Clark and Chalmers :7–19, 1998) distinguish these varieties of externalism as ‘passive’ and ‘active’ respectively. The aim here is to suggest that we should resist the received way of thinking about these dividing lines. With (...)
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  10. Internalism and Externalism in Speech Act Theory.Robert Harnish - 2009 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 5 (1):9-31.
    Internalism and Externalism in Speech Act Theory Internalism and externalism are related doctrines in the philosophy of language and mind, mostly centered on the role of reference in the individuation of propositions. This debate has recently been extended in speech act theory from content to force. But here the landscape becomes more complicated. It has been recently argued that speech act theory got off the track after Austin by internalizing Austin's "felicity" conditions. In reply it is noted that the issue (...)
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  11. Externalism and Knowledge of Content.John Gibbons - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (3):287.
    If the contents of our thoughts are partly determined by facts outside our heads, can we still know those contents directly, without investigating our environment? What if we were surreptitiously switched to Twin-Earth? Would we know the contents of our thoughts under these unusual circumstances? By looking carefully at what determines the content of a second-order thought, a candidate for self-knowledge, the paper argues that we can know the contents of our thoughts directly, even after being switched. Learning about the (...)
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  12. Pragmatic Interventions Into Enactive and Extended Conceptions of Cognition.Shaun Gallagher - 2016 - In Matthias Jung & Roman Madzia (eds.), Pragmatism and Embodied Cognitive Science: From Bodily Intersubjectivity to Symbolic Articulation. De Gruyter. pp. 17-34.
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  13. Pragmatism, Phenomenology, and Extended Cognition.Stephan Käufer & Anthony Chemero - 2016 - In Matthias Jung & Roman Madzia (eds.), Pragmatism and Embodied Cognitive Science: From Bodily Intersubjectivity to Symbolic Articulation. De Gruyter. pp. 57-72.
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  14. Boundaries of the Mind: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences - Cognition.Robert A. Wilson - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Where does the mind begin and end? Most philosophers and cognitive scientists take the view that the mind is bounded by the skull or skin of the individual. Robert Wilson, in this provocative and challenging 2004 book, provides the foundations for the view that the mind extends beyond the boundary of the individual. The approach adopted offers a unique blend of traditional philosophical analysis, cognitive science, and the history of psychology and the human sciences. A forthcoming companion volume Genes and (...)
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  15. Solipsism and Subjectivity.A. W. Moore - unknown
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  16. Can Cognition Be Factorised Into Internal and External Components?Timothy Williamson & Robert J. Stainton - unknown
    This book chapter is not currently available in ORA. Citation: Williamson, T. Can cognition be factorised into internal and external components? In: Stainton, R. Contemporary debates in cognitive science. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 291-306.
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  17. Socially Extended Epistemology.Duncan Pritchard, Orestis Palermos & Adam Carter (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  18. “I Is Someone Else”: Constituting the Extended Mind’s Fourth Wave, with Hegel.J. M. Fritzman & Kristin Thornburg - 2016 - Essays in Philosophy 17 (2):156-190.
    We seek to constitute the extended mind’s fourth wave, socially distributed group cognition, and we do so by thinking with Hegel. The extended mind theory’s first wave invokes the parity principle, which maintains that processes that occur external to the organism’s skin should be considered mental if they are regarded as mental when they occur inside the organism. The second wave appeals to the complementarity principle, which claims that what is crucial is that these processes together constitute a cognitive system. (...)
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  19. Cognitive Processes and Asymmetrical Dependencies, or How Thinking is Like Swimming.Andrew Winters - 2016 - Essays in Philosophy 17 (2):8-37.
    Where does the cognitive system begin and end? Intracranialists maintain that the cognitive system is entirely identifiable with the biological central nervous system. Transcranialists, on the other hand, suggest that the cognitive system can extend beyond the biological CNS. In the second division of Supersizing the Mind, Clark defends the transcranial account against various objections. Of interest for this paper is Clark’s response to what he calls “asymmetry arguments.”Asymmetry arguments can be summarized as follows: subtract the props and aids, and (...)
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  20. Is Self-Knowledge Compatible with Externalism?Pierre Jacob - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (1):59-75.
    Externalism is the view that the contents of many of a person’s propositional attitudes and perhaps sensory experiences are extrinsic properties of the person’s brain: they involve relations between the person’s brain and properties instantiated in his or her present or past environment. Privileged self-knowledge is the view that every human being is able to know directly or non-inferentially, in a way unavailable to anybody else, what he or she thinks or experiences. Now, if what I think is not in (...)
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  21. Review of Mark Rowlands' The Body in MInd. [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - unknown
    I examine Mark Rowlands' book, "The Body in Mind".
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  22. Presumptions Broad and Narrow. Duff - 2013 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 42 (3):268-274.
  23. Social Externalism and Conceptual Diversity.Andrew Woodfield - 1997 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 42:77-102.
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  24. The Lasting Elements of Individualism.H. A. L. & William Ernest Hocking - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (9):250.
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  25. Does the Twin-Earth Argument Rest on a Fallacy of Equivocation?Joanna Odrowąż-Sypniewska - 2012 - Semiotica 2012 (188):347-356.
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  26. Comment: The Extended Mind Thesis.Fergus Kerr - 2012 - New Blackfriars 93 (1046):385-386.
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  27. On the Road to Solipsism.Fergus Kerr O. P. - 1983 - New Blackfriars 64 (752):76-85.
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  28. Content and Community.Harry A. Lewis & Andrew Woodfield - 1985 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 59 (1):177-214.
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  29. Extended Dislocations in Germanium.F. Häussermann & H. Schaumburg - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (3):745-751.
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  30. VI—Externalism, Content and Causation.Martha Klein - 1996 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96 (1):159-176.
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  31. XIII—The Trouble with Ultra-Externalism.Robert Kirk - 1994 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 94 (1):293-308.
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  32. XV—Semantic Externalism and Conceptual Competence.Georges Rey - 1992 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 92 (1):315-334.
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  33. Discussions: Experience and Externalism: A Reply to Peter Smith.Howard Robinson - 1992 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 92 (1):221-224.
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  34. XVI—Twin Earth Revisited.Robert Stalnaker - 1993 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93 (1):297-312.
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  35. XI—Externalist Explanation.Christopher Peacocke - 1993 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93 (1):203-230.
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  36. VII—Formal and Substantial Individualism.Bernard Williams - 1985 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 85 (1):119-132.
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  37. VI-Reliabilism, Knowledge, and Mental Content.Jessica Brown - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):115-135.
  38. Extended Review.Jean Dresden Grambs - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (2):61-65.
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  39. The Psychology of Mental Content Reconsidered.David C. McClelland - 1955 - Psychological Review 62 (4):297-302.
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  40. Solipsism in Psychology.A. P. Weiss - 1931 - Psychological Review 38 (6):474-486.
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  41. The Extended Purkinje Phenomenon.C. Ladd Franklin - 1898 - Psychological Review 5 (3):309-312.
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  42. In What Sense Are Psychical States Extended?H. N. Gardiner - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (4):420-421.
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  43. Computational Theories and Their Implementation in the Brain: The Legacy of David Marr.Lucia M. Vaina & Richard E. Passingham (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the late 1960s and early 1970s David Marr produced three astonishing papers in which he gave a detailed account of how the fine structure and known cell types of the cerebellum, hippocampus and neocortex perform the functions that they do. Marr went on to become one of the main founders of Computational Neuroscience. In his classic work 'Vision' he distinguished between the computational, algorithmic, and implementational levels, and the three early theories concerned implementation. However, they were produced when Neuroscience (...)
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  44. Extended Virtues and the Boundaries of Persons.Robert J. Howell - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (1):146--163.
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  45. Cruel Intensions: An Essay on Intentional Identity and Intentional Attitudes.Alexander Sandgren - 2016 - Dissertation, The Australian National University
    Some intentional attitudes (beliefs, fears, desires, etc.) have a common focus in spite of there being no object at that focus. For example, two beliefs may be about the same witch even when there are no witches, different astronomers had beliefs directed at Vulcan, even though there is no such planet. This relation of having a common focus, whether or not there is an actual concrete object at that focus, is called intentional identity. In the first part of this thesis (...)
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  46. Functionally Extended Cognition.Miljana Milojevic - 2013 - Prolegomena 12 (2):315-336.
    The hypothesis of the Extended Cognition (ExCog), formulated by Clark and Chalmers (1998), aims to be a bold and new hypothesis about realisers of cognitive processes. It claims that sometimes cognitive processes extend above the limits of the skin and skull and include chunks of the environment as their partial realisers. One of the most pursuasive arguments in support of this assertion is the famous “parity argument” which calls upon functional similarities between extended cognitive processes and relevant internal processes. This (...)
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  47. Socially Extended Knowledge.J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, Orestis Palermos & Duncan Pritchard (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  48. Extended Knowledge.Duncan Pritchard, Jesper Kallestrup, Orestis Palermos & Adam Carter (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  49. Externalism and Scientific Cartesianism.Graeme Forbes - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (2):196-205.
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  50. Content, Computation and Externalism.Christopher Peacocke - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):303-335.
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