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  1. added 2019-06-06
    Language in Social Reproduction: Sociolinguistics and Sociosemiotics.Patrizia Calefato - 2009 - Sign Systems Studies 37 (1/2):43-80.
    This paper focuses on the semiotic foundations of sociolinguistics. Starting from the definition of “sociolinguistics” given by the philosopher Adam Schaff, the paper examines in particular the notion of “critical sociolinguistics” as theorized by the Italian semiotician Ferruccio Rossi-Landi. The basis of the social dimension of language are to be found in what Rossi-Landi calls “social reproduction” which regards both verbal and non-verbal signs. Saussure’s notionof langue can be considered in this way, with reference not only to his Course of (...)
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  2. added 2019-06-06
    The Notions of “Discourse” and “Text” in Postmodernism: Some Historical Roots.Pol Vandevelde - 1992 - Philosophy and Theology 6 (3):181-200.
    I address a simple question: How are the notions or “discourse” and “text” to be understood, and what does it mean that they “create” their own object? A historical reconstruction seems to be required, if we are to make some sense of the provocative postmodern statements. In order to understand how a discourse can create its own object, three features need to be examined: the inheritance of F. de Saussures’s structuralism, the influence of the Freneh NouvelIe Critique, and Heidegger’s radicalization (...)
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  3. added 2019-03-14
    Canguilhem and the Logic of Life.Arantza Etxeberria & Charles T. Wolfe - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:47.
    In this paper we examine aspects of Canguilhem’s philosophy of biology, concerning the knowledge of life and its consequences on science and vitalism. His concept of life stems from the idea of a living individual, endowed with creative subjectivity and norms, a Kantian view which “disconcerts logic”. In contrast, two different approaches ground naturalistic perspectives to explore the logic of life and the logic of the living individual in the 1970s. Although Canguilhem is closer to the second, there are divergences; (...)
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  4. added 2019-03-14
    La biophilosophie de Georges Canguilhem.Charles T. Wolfe - 2017 - Scienza and Filosofia 17.
    ABSTRACT: GEORGES CANGUILHEM’S BIOPHILOSOPHY The eminent French biologist and historian of biology, François Jacob, once notoriously declared «On n’interroge plus la vie dans les laboratoires»: laboratory research no longer inquires into the notion of “Life”. Certain influential French philosophers of science of the mid‐century such as Georges Canguilhem would disagree, or at least seek to resist some of Jacob’s diagnosis. Not by imposing a different kind of research program in laboratories, but by an unusual combination of historical and philosophical inquiry (...)
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  5. added 2019-02-20
    Surrationalism After Bachelard: Michel Serres and le Nouveau Nouvel Esprit Scientifique.Massimiliano Simons - 2019 - Parrhesia: A Journal of Critical Philosophy 31:60-84.
    The work of Michel Serres is often presented as a radical break with the work of Gaston Bachelard. The aim of this paper is to partly correct this image, by focusing on Serres’s early Hermes series (1969-1980). In these books Serres portrays himself as a follower of Bachelard, exemplarily shown in his neologism of the ‘new new scientific spirit’ (le nouveau nouvel esprit scientifique), updating Bachelard in the light of more recent scientific developments. This allows a reinterpretation of the relation (...)
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  6. added 2018-03-05
    The Consistency of Inconsistency: Alain Badiou and the Limits of Mathematical Ontology.Tzuchien Tho - 2008 - Symposium 12 (2):70-92.
    Alain Badiou’s reception in the English-speaking world has centred on his project of a “mathematical ontology” undertaken in Being and Event. Its reception has raised serious concerns about how mathematics could be relevant to concrete situations. Caution must be taken in applying mathematics to concrete situationsand, without making explicit the equivocal senses of “consistency” as it operates in Badiou’s thought, this caution cannot be precisely applied. By examining Being and Event as well as looking backwards at his first philosophical work, (...)
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  7. added 2018-02-17
    The Politics of Logic: Badiou, Wittgenstein, and the Consequences of Formalism.Paul Livingston - 2011 - Routledge.
    In this book, Livingston develops the political implications of formal results obtained over the course of the twentieth century in set theory, metalogic, and computational theory. He argues that the results achieved by thinkers such as Cantor, Russell, Godel, Turing, and Cohen, even when they suggest inherent paradoxes and limitations to the structuring capacities of language or symbolic thought, have far-reaching implications for understanding the nature of political communities and their development and transformation. Alain Badiou's analysis of logical-mathematical structures forms (...)
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  8. added 2017-09-04
    Contra-Axiomatics: A Non- Dogmatic And Non-Idealist Practice Of Resistance.Chris Henry - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Kent
    What and how should individuals resist in political situations? While this question, or versions of it, recurs regularly within Western political philosophy, answers to it have often relied on dyads founded upon dogmatically held ideals. In particular, there is a strain of idealist political philosophy, inaugurated by Plato and finding contemporary expression in the work of Alain Badiou, that employs dyads (such as the distinction between truth and doxa or the privilege of thought over sense) that tend to reduce the (...)
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  9. added 2016-12-12
    Transcendental Intersubjectivity and the Objects of the Human Sciences.Mitchell P. Jones - 2000 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 4 (2):209-219.
    In this essay I show that Structuralism, in order to combat the impression that it is “untenable and outmoded,” needs to be attached to a phenomenology of transcendental intersubjectivity. My argument for this conclusion is: 1) that Peter Caws is right in arguing that Structuralism needs a notion of the transcendental subject because its objects, qua intentional, presuppose such a subject; 2) the objects withwhich Structuralism is concemed are objects in the sense that Husserl speaks of objects ofthe spiritual world; (...)
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  10. added 2015-05-17
    Lo "Strutturalismo" di Edmund Husserl.SImone Aurora - 2014 - Janus. Quaderni Del Circolo Glossematico 13:21-36.
  11. added 2014-04-02
    Roman Jakobson and the Birth of Linguistic Structuralism.Keith Percival - 2011 - Sign Systems Studies 39 (1):236-260.
    The term “structuralism” was introduced into linguistics by Roman Jakobson in the early days of the Linguistic Circle of Prague, founded in 1926. The cluster of ideas defended by Jakobson and his colleagues can be specified but differ considerably from the concept of structuralism as it has come to be understood more recently. That took place because from the 1930s on it became customary to equate structuralism with the ideas of Ferdinand de Saussure, as expounded in his posthumous Cours de (...)
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  12. added 2014-04-02
    Is Structuralism Unavoidable in the Application of Ethics?Debashis Guha - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 3:31-38.
    Serious thinking about the models of application of ethics has enabled us to move away from ethical engineering and adopting a social-scientific vocation that is an aid to moral-engineering. Time is ripe to rethink about the charge of “structuralism” on the non-engineering model of applied ethics. If we fail to resolve this issue, a structuralist application of ethics will be unavoidable, leading way to the old engineering. The paper argues why “structuralism” is undesirable and how it is avoided in a (...)
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  13. added 2014-04-02
    Jakobson.Bruno Osimo - 2008 - Sign Systems Studies 36 (2):315-338.
    Jakobson, in his essays, has tried to insert Peirce’s typology of signs (icon, index, symbol) in his own binary logic, in which every feature of a text may be considered or dismissed either with a 0 or with a 1 (absent, present). In so doing, he used the features “similarity versus contiguity” and “imputed versus factual”, and discovered that the notion of “imputed similarity” was not covered by Peirce’s triad. Hence the search for it. In this article, whose ideological basis (...)
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  14. added 2014-04-02
    Sociosemiotic Perspectives on Studying Culture and Society.Anti Randviir - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (2):607-625.
    The article analyses the position of sociosemiotics in the paradigm of contemporary semiotics. Principles of studying sociocultural phenomena are discussed so as they have been set for analysing the inner mechanisms of sign systems in the semiology of F. de Saussure on the one hand, and for studying sign systems and semiotic units as related to referential reality in the semiotics of C. S. Peirce on the other hand. Three main issues are touched upon to define the scope of sociosemiotics: (...)
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  15. added 2014-03-26
    Badiou and the Philosophers: Interrogating 1960s French Philosophy.Alain Badiou - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Philosophy and history (with Jean Hyppolite) -- Philosophy and science (with Georges Canguilhem) -- Philosophy and sociology (with Raymond Aron) -- Philosophy and psychology (with Michel Foucault) -- Philosophy and language (with Paul Ricœur) -- Philosophy and truth (with Jean Hyppolite, Georges Canguilhem, Raymond Aron, Michel Foucault, Paul Ricœur, Alain Badiou and Dina Dreyfus) -- Philosophy and ethics (with Michel Henry) -- Model and structure (with Michel Serres) -- Teaching philosophy through television (with excerpts from Jean Hyppolite, Georges Canguilhem, Raymond (...)
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  16. added 2014-03-25
    Structure and Meaning.Jaroslav Peregrin - 1997 - Semiotica 113 (1-2):71-88.
    It seems that the theories of language of the present century can be classified into two basic groups. The approaches of the first group perceive language as a mathematical structure and understand any theory of language as a kind of application of mathematics or logic. Their ideological background is furnished by logical positivism and analytical philosophy (esp. by Russell, Carnap, Wittgenstein and their followers); and their practical output is Chomskian formal syntax and subsequent formal semantics. The approaches of the other (...)
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  17. added 2013-06-27
    The Origin of Certainty in Lacan's Seminar XI.Ian Downey - 2013 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 7 (2).
    Slavoj Zizek is operating from a position of certainty, a position discovered by Jacques Lacan in Seminar XI. In this essay, I examine this position of certainty ("Gewissheit") and the ways this position is distinct from both existential phenomenology and post-structuralism, ultimately arguing that for structuralist psychoanalysis to function requires an intentional forgetting of being.
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  18. added 2013-06-27
    Structuralism and Psychoanalysis in the Work of Jacques Lacan.Samuel Ysseling - 1970 - International Philosophical Quarterly 10 (1):102-117.
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  19. added 2013-06-14
    Structural Linguistics And Formal Semantics.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    The beginning of this century hailed a new paradigm in linguistics, the paradigm brought about by de Saussure's Cours de Linguistique Genérále and subsequently elaborated by Jakobson, Hjelmslev and other linguists. It seemed that the linguistics of this century was destined to be structuralistic. However, half of the century later a brand new paradigm was introduced by Chomsky's Syntactic Structures followed by Montague's formalization of semantics. This new turn has brought linguistics surprisingly close to mathematics and logic, and has facilitated (...)
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  20. added 2013-06-14
    The Philosophers’ Magazine/Autumn 2002.Jaroslav Peregrin - manuscript
    What is structuralism? The stock To explain why we should see Quine can translate the natives’ gavagai either as answer is that it is the brainas a structuralist, I would like to revive rabbit or as undetached rabbit’s part, so he child of Ferdinand de his widely discussed thought experican translate his peers’ rabbit either as Saussure, later fostered by Levi-Strauss, ment, featuring a field linguist decipherrabbit or as undetached rabbit’s part. Hence Foucault, Derrida and their allies. But I ing (...)
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  21. added 2013-06-14
    The Place of Human Values in the Language of Science: Kuhn, Saussure, and Structuralism.Bruce M. Psaty & Thomas S. Inui - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (4).
    The current paradigm in medicine generally distinguishes between genetic and environmental causes of disease. Although the word paradigm has become a commonplace, the theories of Thomas Kuhn have not received much attention in the journals of medicine. Kuhn's structuralist method differs radically from the daily activities of the scientific method itself. Using linguistic theory, this essay offers a structuralist reading of Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Our purpose is to highlight the similarities between these structuralist models of science (...)
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  22. added 2012-05-07
    Parry in Paris: Structuralism, Historical Linguistics, and the Oral Theory.Thérèse Vedet - 2005 - Classical Antiquity 24 (2):257-284.
    This paper investigates the origins of the Oral Theory as formulated by Milman Parry in Paris during the late 1920s by reexamining the scholarship on which it rests. Parry's Oral Theory compared the texts of oral performances in Yugoslavia with the Homeric texts in order to shed light on the presumed oral origins of the latter. His work integrated the work of the linguist and Indo-Europeanist Antoine Meillet, the linguist and scholar of oral poetics Matthias Murko, and the anthropologists Lucien (...)
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  23. added 2012-05-05
    Black Out: Michelle Alexander's Operational Whitewash: The New Jim Crow Reviewed. [REVIEW]Joseph D. Osel - 2012 - International Journal of Radical Critique 1 (1).
    Part 1 of 2, this is an introductory critical review of Michelle Alexander's "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration In The Age of Colorblindness" (The New Press, 2010). See part 2: "Toward Détournement of The New Jim Crow" for an advanced critical reading.
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  24. added 2011-07-05
    Toward a Theory of Textuality.Wayne Froman - 1989 - Research in Phenomenology 19 (1):298-303.
  25. added 2011-06-23
    Dimitrov, Borislav G. (1989). Quality of the Quantity”. Philosophic Thought Magazine, 3 - 1989, Institute of Philosophical Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Science. [REVIEW]Borislav Dimitrov - 1989 - Philosophic Thought Magazine, Journal of The Institute of Philosophical Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Science 1989 (3).
    In the paper “Quality of the quantity” I proposed a critical approach to the dialectical materialism’s cliché in the law of the transformation of quantity into quality determined by Engels in his “Dialectics of Nature”, derived from his reading of Hegel’s Science of Logic as the law of the passage of quantitative changes into qualitative changes. The subject of my criticism was the second law of dialectics, established by Marx in his Capital, with the statement that “development is a process (...)
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  26. added 2011-06-22
    Phenomenology and the Sciences of Language.Patrick L. Bourgeois - 1971 - Research in Phenomenology 1 (1):119-136.