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  1. added 2018-09-21
    Jean Hampton, "Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition". [REVIEW]Paul Russell - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (4):620.
  2. added 2018-02-17
    The Rights of the Guilty: Punishment and Political Legitimacy.Corey Brettschneider - 2007 - Political Theory 35 (2):175-199.
    In this essay I develop and defend a theory of state punishment within a wider conception of political legitimacy. While many moral theories of punishment focus on what is deserved by criminals, I theorize punishment within the specific context of the state's relationship to its citizens. Central to my account is Rawls's “liberal principle of legitimacy,” which requires that all state coercion be justifiable to all citizens. I extend this idea to the justification of political coercion to criminals qua citizens. (...)
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  3. added 2017-10-30
    Society, Its Process and Prospect.Spencer Heath - 2016 - Libertarian Papers 8:211-220.
    Society, based on contract and voluntary exchange, is evolving, but remains only partly developed. Goods and services that meet the needs of individuals, such as food, clothing, and shelter, are amply produced and distributed through the market process. However, those that meet common or community needs, while distributed through the market, are produced politically through taxation and violence. These goods attach not to individuals but to a place; to enjoy them, individuals must go to the place where they are. Land (...)
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  4. added 2017-01-22
    Interpreting Hobbes.Don Herzog - 1988 - Critical Review 2 (2-3):50-63.
    HOBBES AND THE SOCIAL CONTRACT TRADITION by Jean Hampton Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986. 299 pp., $42.50 THE RHETORIC OF LEVIATHAN: THOMAS HOBBES AND THE POLITICS OF CULTURAL TRANSFORMATION by David Johnston Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. 234 pp., $25.00 HOBBESIAN MORAL AND POLITICAL THEORY by Gregory S. Kavka Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986. 460 pp., $45.00, $12.95 HOBBES by Tom Sorell London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986. 163 pp., $34.lb50.
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  5. added 2016-12-12
    The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism.Jody S. Kraus - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    This 1994 book constitutes a sustained, comprehensive, and rigorous critique of contemporary Hobbesian contractarianism as expounded in the work of Jean Hampton, Gregory Kavka, and David Gauthier. Professor Kraus argues that the attempts by these three philosophers to use Hobbes to answer current political and moral questions fail. The reasons why they fail are related to fundamental problems intrinsic to Hobbesian contractarianism: first, the problem of collective action arising out of the tension in Hobbes's theory between individual and collective rationality; (...)
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  6. added 2016-12-08
    Ordered Anarchy and Contractarianism.Anthony de Jasay - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (3):399 - 403.
    In a recent essay Robert Sugden sets out his view that two foundational institutions of the social order, the convention and the social contract (at least in one variant of the latter) are compatible and that therefore it is not self-contradictory to be a Humean and a contractarian at the same time.¹ The proposition, despite appearances, has greater practical importance than most other doctrinal ones tend to do for if widely conceded, it would render current political thought even more woolly (...)
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  7. added 2016-12-08
    Not So Novus an Ordo.Jacob T. Levy - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (2):191-217.
    Social contract theory imagines political societies as resting on a fundamental agreement, adopted at a discrete moment in hypothetical time, that binds individual persons together into a polity and sets fundamental rules regarding that polity's structure and powers. Written constitutions, adopted at real moments in historical time, dictating governmental structures, bounding governmental powers, and entrenching individual rights, look temptingly like social contracts reified. Yet something essential is lost in this slippage between social contract theory and the practice of constitutionalism. Contractarian (...)
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  8. added 2016-12-08
    "If You Don't Like It, Leave It": The Problem of Exit in Social Contractarian Arguments.Barbara H. Fried - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (1):40-70.
  9. added 2016-09-12
    Ordering Anarchy.John Thrasher - 2014 - Rationality, Markets and Morals 5 (1):30-46.
    Ordered social life requires rules of conduct that help generate and preserve peaceful and cooperative interactions among individuals. The problem is that these social rules impose costs. They prohibit us from doing some things we might see as important and they require us to do other things that we might otherwise not do. The question for the contractarian is whether the costs of these social rules can be rationally justified. I argue that traditional contract theories have tended to underestimate the (...)
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  10. added 2016-01-16
    Le désir dans l’approche contractualiste hobbesienne.Marc-Kevin Daoust - 2015 - In Daoust Marc-Kevin (ed.), Le désir et la philosophie. Les Cahiers D'Ithaque. pp. 97-109.
    Ce bref commentaire a trois objectifs. La première section vise à présenter au lecteur la philosophie matérialiste et atomiste de Hobbes. Dans la seconde section, nous exposons le rôle des désirs dans l’escalade du conflit entre les agents dans l’état de nature. Au terme de cette analyse, le lecteur disposera de quelques clés interprétatives pour aborder les chapitres VI et XIII du Léviathan.
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  11. added 2015-09-08
    Reconciling Justice and Pleasure in Epicurean Contractarianism.John Thrasher - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):423-436.
    Epicurean contractarianism is an attempt to reconcile individualistic hedonism with a robust account of justice. The pursuit of pleasure and the requirements of justice, however, have seemed to be incompatible to many commentators, both ancient and modern. It is not clear how it is possible to reconcile hedonism with the demands of justice. Furthermore, it is not clear why, even if Epicurean contractarianism is possible, it would be necessary for Epicureans to endorse a social contract. I argue here that Epicurean (...)
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  12. added 2015-05-26
    The Modern Social Contract Tradition.Lisa Herzog - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 631--645.
    This chapter discusses central strands of the modern social contract tradition. Distinguishing between moral and political theories on the one hand and contractualist and contractarian theories on the other, it presents one example of each of the ensuing categories: Gauthier’s moral contractarianism, Buchanan’s political contractarianism, Scanlon’s moral contractualism, and Rawls’ political contractualism. In the conclusion, strengths and weaknesses of social contract theories are discussed.
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  13. added 2015-05-26
    Vertrag und Vertrauen: Lockes Legitimation von Herrschaft.Michaela Rehm - 2012 - In Michaela Rehm & Bernd Ludwig (eds.), John Locke: „Zwei Abhandlungen über die Regierung“. Akademie Verlag. pp. 95-114.
    The paper discusses the foundation and genesis of the political society according to Locke, elaborating why the relationship between the civil society and the government is not defined in contractual terms, but by the notion of “trust”. Rehm argues against the view that Locke supports a liberal proceduralism, stressing that consent for him is indeed the necessary, but not the sufficient condition of legitimate political power: what needs to be added is action in accordance with the law of nature.
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  14. added 2015-05-26
    Social Contract Approaches.Samuel Freeman - 2012 - In David Estlund (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press, Usa. pp. 133.
  15. added 2015-05-26
    The Social Contract (Contract of Government).Johann Sommerville - 2011 - In George Klosko (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  16. added 2015-05-26
    Jean Hampton, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy Reviewed By.Jon Mahoney - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28 (2):120-122.
  17. added 2015-05-26
    Contractarian Legal Theory.Claire Finkelstein - 2004 - In Alfred R. Mele & Piers Rawling (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oup Usa.
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  18. added 2015-05-26
    Contractarianism.Geoffrey Sayre-McCord - 2000 - In Hugh LaFollette - (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory. Blackwell. pp. 247--267.
  19. added 2015-05-26
    Chapter L3 Contractarianism.Geoffrey Sayre-McCord - 2000 - In Hugh LaFollette - (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory. Blackwell. pp. 247.
  20. added 2015-05-26
    Agreement in Social Contract Theories: Locke Vs. Rawls.Simon Cushing - 1998 - Social Philosophy Today 13:349-371.
  21. added 2015-05-26
    The Limits of Hobbesean Contractarianism.Martin A. Bertman - 1997 - International Studies in Philosophy 29 (2):133-134.
  22. added 2015-05-26
    Political Contractarianism.David Gauthier - 1997 - Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (2):132–148.
  23. added 2015-05-26
    The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism.Joseph Mintoff - 1996 - Philosophical Books 37 (1):63-65.
  24. added 2015-05-26
    Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract Themes From Morals by Agreement.David P. Gauthier & Robert Sugden - 1993
  25. added 2015-05-26
    Contractarianism and Norms.Robert Sugden - 1990 - Ethics 100 (4):768-786.
  26. added 2015-05-26
    Social Contract, Free Ride: A Study of the Public Goods Problem.Roger Crisp - 1990 - Philosophical Books 31 (2):110-112.
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  27. added 2015-05-26
    A Treatise of Social Justice, Vol. I: Theories of Justice by Brian Barry. [REVIEW]Thomas W. Pogge - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (7):375-384.
  28. added 2015-05-26
    Contractarianism Without Foundations.David Schmidtz - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (4):461-469.
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  29. added 2015-05-26
    Unanimous Consent, Social Contract, and the Sceptical Ethics of Economists.Hartmut Kliemt - 1987 - Rechtstheorie 18 (4):502-515.
  30. added 2015-05-26
    On the Theory of the Social Contract Within the Natural Rights Tradition.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1978 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 59 (1):9.
  31. added 2015-05-26
    Social Contract: A Critique.Williamson Evers - 1977 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 1 (3):185-194.
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  32. added 2015-05-26
    Social Contract and the Common Good.John Baron Exdell - 1973 - Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin
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  33. added 2015-05-26
    The Social Contract.J. W. Gough - 1958 - Philosophical Review 67 (2):267-269.
  34. added 2015-01-18
    Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition. Jean Hampton. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Reviewed by Theodore S. Zenzinger. University of Kansas. [REVIEW]Ted Zenzinger - unknown
  35. added 2015-01-18
    The Quest for the Legitimacy of the People A Contractarian Approach.Marco Verschoor - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (4):391-428.
    This article addresses the problem of ‘the legitimacy of the people’, that is, what constitutes the legitimate demarcation of the political units within which democracy is practiced? It is commonplace among philosophers to argue that this problem cannot be solved by appeal to democratic procedure because every attempt to do so results in an infinite regress. Based on a social contract theoretical analysis of the problem, this view is rejected. Although contract theorists have ignored the problem of the legitimacy of (...)
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  36. added 2015-01-18
    Is the Treaty of Waitangi a Social Contract.Graham Oddie & Jindra Tichý - 1992 - In Oddie Graham & Perrett Roy W. (eds.), Justice, Ethics and New Zealand Society. Oxford University Press. pp. 73-90.
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  37. added 2014-10-16
    Does Classical Liberalism Imply Democracy?David Ellerman - 2015 - Ethics and Global Politics 8 (1).
    There is a fault line running through classical liberalism as to whether or not democratic self-governance is a necessary part of a liberal social order. The democratic and non-democratic strains of classical liberalism are both present today—particularly in America. Many contemporary libertarians and neo-Austrian economists represent the non-democratic strain in their promotion of non-democratic sovereign city-states (startup cities or charter cities). We will take the late James M. Buchanan as a representative of the democratic strain of classical liberalism. Since the (...)
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  38. added 2014-08-11
    Justification, Choice and Promise: Three Devices of the Consent Tradition in a Diverse Society.Gerald Gaus - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (2):109-127.
    The twin ideas at the heart of the social contract tradition are that persons are naturally free and equal, and that genuine political obligations must in some way be based on the consent of those obligated. The Lockean tradition has held that consent must be in the form of explicit choice; Kantian contractualism has insisted on consent as rational endorsement. In this paper I seek to bring the Kantian and Lockean contract traditions together. Kantian rational justification and actual choice are (...)
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  39. added 2014-08-11
    Contractarian Justice.Jacek Hołówka - 1979 - Dialectics and Humanism 6 (4):63-71.
  40. added 2014-06-27
    Why Hobbes Cannot Limit the Leviathan: A Critical Commentary on Larry May's Limiting Leviathan.Marcus Arvan - 2014 - Hobbes Studies 27 (2):171-177.
    This commentary contends that Larry May’s Hobbesian argument for limitations on sovereignty and lawmaking in Limiting Leviathan does not succeed. First, I show that Hobbes begins with a plausible instrumental theory of normativity. Second, I show that Hobbes then attempts, unsuccessfully—by his own lights—to defend a kind of non-instrumental, moral normativity. Thus, I contend, in order to successfully “limit the Leviathan” of the state, the Hobbesian must provide a sound instrumental argument in favor of the sovereign limiting their actions and (...)
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  41. added 2014-04-08
    Hobbesian Political Order.Russell Hardin - 1991 - Political Theory 19 (2):156-180.
  42. added 2014-04-02
    Hume, Bentham, and the Social Contract.Jonathan Wolff - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):87-.
    Hume famously argues that Social Contract theory collapses into a form of utilitarianism. Bentham endorses Hume's argument. I show that, if Hume's argument refutes Social Contract theory, it equally undermines Bentham's own utilitarian account of political obligation. This discussion is used to illustrate a more general thesis that there is no single problem of political obligation, but different problems for different theorists.
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  43. added 2014-03-26
    Would Pluralist Angels (Really) Need Government?Eric M. Cave - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):227 - 246.
  44. added 2014-03-23
    Classical Contractarianism.Martin Harvey - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (4):477-502.
    The fundamental presupposition of political philosophy is that the legitimate rule of one individual over another requires justification: political power may come out of the barrel of a gun but political authority does not. Classically, the philosopher of politics looked to nature. In the seventeenth century, however, the philosophical tide turns in a decidedly different direction: contractarianism. Political society becomes a consensual construct created through the heuristic vehicle of a hypothetical social contract. Simultaneously, within the confines of contractarianism itself, a (...)
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  45. added 2014-03-04
    The Received Hobbes.Elisabeth Ellis - 2010 - In Ian Shapiro (ed.), Leviathan. Yale University Press. pp. 481-518.
  46. added 2014-02-19
    Plato and the Social Contract.Sheldon Wein - 1986 - Philosophy Research Archives 12:67-77.
    This paper argues that Plato’s version of the contractarian theory of justice is superior to all other statements of that theory. The conditions any adequate theory of justice must meet are outlined and it is shown how contractarian theories attempt to meet these conditions. The great contractarian theories---those of Hobbes, Rousseau, Locke, Rawls, and Gauthier---are shown not to provide an adequate account of the nature of justice. The source of these failures is identified and, finally, it is shown that Plato’s (...)
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  47. added 2013-11-20
    Social Contract Theory Should Be Abandoned.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Rationality, Markets and Morals 4:178-89.
    I argue that social-contract theory cannot succeed because reasonable people may always disagree, and that social-contract theory is irrelevant to the problem of the legitimacy of a form of government or of a system of moral rules. I note the weakness of the appeal to implicit agreement, the conflation of legitimacy with stability, the undesirability of “public justification” and the apparent blindness to the evolutionary critical-rationalist approach of Hayek and Popper. I employ that approach to sketch answers to the theoretical, (...)
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  48. added 2013-11-12
    Substantive Social Contracts and the Legitimate Basis of Political Authority.Jeffrey Paul - 1983 - The Monist 66 (4):517-528.
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  49. added 2013-07-09
    New Approaches to Classical Liberalism.Nicolas Maloberti - 2012 - Rationality, Markets and Morals 3:22-50.
    This article focuses on the following three novel and original philosophical approaches to classical liberalism: Den Uyl and Rasmussen’s perfectionist argument from meta-norms, Gaus’s justificatory model, and Kukathas’s conscience-based theory of authority. None of these three approaches are utilitarian or consequentialist in character. Neither do they appeal to the notion of a rational bargain as it is typical within contractarianism. Furthermore, each of these theory rejects the idea that classical liberalism should be grounded on considerations of interpersonal justice such as (...)
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  50. added 2013-07-09
    The Authority of the State.Leslie Green - 1988 - Clarendon Press.
    The modern state claims supreme authority over the lives of all its citizens. Drawing together political philosophy, jurisprudence, and public choice theory, this book forces the reader to reconsider some basic assumptions about the authority of the state. Various popular and influential theories - conventionalism, contractarianism, and communitarianism - are assessed by the author and found to fail. Leslie Green argues that only the consent of the governed can justify the state's claims to authority. While he denies that there is (...)
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