About this topic
Summary

Critical Theory refers to a form of self-reflexive social critique as well as a particular tradition associated with the Institute for Social Research (Institut für Sozialforschung), a.k.a. the Frankfurt School. Early Frankfurt School theorists combined a Hegelian Marxist social criticism with other emancipatory approaches, such as psychoanalysis and cultural critique, taking a genuinely anti-positivist and interdisciplinary approach. Critical theory was intended to contribute to the “intensification of the struggle with which the theory is connected,” wrote Horkheimer, becoming a material force in the “transformation of society as a whole” (219). Theorists associated with the early Frankfurt School include Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Herbert Marcuse, and Walter Benjamin, while contemporary figures such as Jürgen Habermas, Axel Honneth, Nancy Fraser, and Seyla Benhabib continue the tradition with non-Marxist forms of critique grounded in, for example, communicative reason and social recognition. Today, Critical Theory refers to a broader spectrum of social theorists in poststructuralist, feminist, queer, critical race, disability, and postcolonial theory, such as Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, Angela Davis, Paulo Freire, Frantz Fanon, Enrique Dussel, Gayatri Spivak, Giorgio Agamben, Jacque Rancière, and Slavoj Žižek.

Key works

Max Horkheimer’s 1937 essay “Traditional and Critical Theory” (in Horkheimer 1972) is a foundational text, outlining the Institute’s interdisciplinary methodology and critique of "traditional" theory. Other important works by early Frankfurt School theorists include Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, Dialectic of Enlightenment; Theodor Adorno, Minima Moralia and Negative Dialectics; short works by Walter Benjamin in Illuminations and Reflections, particularly his essays “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” and “On Violence”; and Herbert Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man and Eros and Civilization. Jürgen Habermas’ two-volume work The Theory of Communicative Action represents a break from the earlier Marxist tendencies of the Institute, laying out a new normative foundation for critique in communicative reason. Axel Honneth, the current director of the Institute for Social Research, has alternatively reconstructed the Hegelian notion of social recognition in his critiques of social injustices and social pathologies in Struggle for Recognition and Freedom’s Right. Seyla Benhabib’s Critique, Norm, and Utopia and Nancy Fraser’s Unruly Practices are also important works in the Frankfurt School tradition. Seminal texts beyond this tradition include, for example, Frantz Fanon’s Wretched of the Earth, Paulo Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Michel Foucault’s Discipline and Punish, Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble Enrique Dussel’s Ethics of Liberation, Gayatri Spivak’s “Can the Subaltern Speak?”, and Giorgio Agamben’s Homo Sacer.

Introductions

The best scholarly introductions to the Frankfurt School tradition in English are Jay 1973, Held 1980, and Wiggershaus 1994. Jay Bernstein has edited the six-volume collection: The Frankfurt School: Critical Assessment and the publications of the Institute’s journal Zeitscrift für Sozialforschung (1932-1941) are available in a nine-volume set. Notable anthologies on the Frankfurt School and critical theory more generally include Andrew Arato and Eike Gebhardt (eds.), The Essential Frankfurt School Reader, Stephen Eric Bronner and Douglas MacKay Kellner (eds.), Critical Theory and Society, David Rasmussen, The Handbook of Critical Theory, Benhabib, Butler, Cornell, and Fraser, Feminist Contentions; Seyla Benhabib and Drucilla Cornell (eds.), Feminism as Critique, William Rehg and James Bohman (eds), Pluralism and the Pragmatic Turn, Kimberlé Crenshaw, Neil Gotanda, et al. (eds.), Critical Race Theory, Philomena Essed and David Theo Goldberg (eds.), Race Critical Theories, Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman (eds.), Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory, and two volumes on the “idea of communism”: Costas Douzinas and Slavoj Žižek (eds.),The Idea of Communism, and Slavoj Žižek (ed.), The Idea of Communism, Volume II.

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  1. Comments on Knowledge and Ideology: The Epistemology of Social and Political Critique. [REVIEW]Miles Hentrup - 2020 - Florida Philosophical Review 19:67-72.
    Michael Morris' Knowledge and Ideology is an original and valuable contribution to the philosophical debate concerning the meaning and validity of the concept of ideology critique. While the concept of ideology has occupied a pivotal role within the tradition of critical social theory, as Terry Eagleton had already pointed out in his 1994 study, the term nevertheless has "a whole range of useful meanings, not all of which are compatible with one another." Morris takes Eagleton's analysis as his point of (...)
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  2. Plato as Critical Theorist.Tristan Bradshaw - 2020 - Contemporary Political Theory 19 (2):108-111.
  3. Il riconoscimento tra etica, morale e politica.Eleonora Piromalli - 2016 - Lessico di Etica Pubblica 2016 (2).
    In questo saggio, dopo aver illustrato per grandi linee come si configura, nella sua struttura, la teoria del riconoscimento proposta da Axel Honneth, intendo avanzare la possibilità di integrare la dimensione etica di tale paradigma-in esso predominante-con una più netta considerazione della dimensione morale e di quella politica, specificamente riferita alle istituzioni. Tanto la componente morale quanto quella politica, sebbene siano ricavabili a partire dal concetto stesso di riconoscimento, rimangono infatti in ombra nel modello che Honneth elabora a partire da (...)
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  4. Axel Honneth critico dell'economia capitalistica: da "Redistribuzione o riconoscimento?" (2003) a "L'idea di socialismo" (2015).Eleonora Piromalli - 2018 - Quaderni di Teoria Sociale 2018 (2).
    Questo saggio ripercorre l'itinerario di Axel Honneth come critico dell'economia capitalistica, a partire da Redistribuzione e riconoscimento (2003), passando per Il diritto della libertà (2011), fino a L'idea di socialismo (2015). Si tratta di un cammino con notevoli punti di svolta, sebbene sempre guidato dall'idea che i soggetti sociali possono, e devono, imporre una cosciente regolazione sulla sfera economica. Tale regolazione, prospettata in Redistribuzione o riconoscimento come una serie di vincoli giuridici che andrebbero imposti dall'esterno alle dinamiche sistemiche del capitalismo, (...)
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  5. Teoria crítica e psicanálise: um processo de aprendizado de Adorno, através de Habermas, até Honneth.Eleonora Piromalli - 2019 - In Desigualdade e Reconhecimento: atualidade da teoria crítica de Axel Honneth. Montes Claro: pp. 30-66.
    Neste texto tenho como objetivo mostrar que um processo de aprendizado pode ser identificado se situando nas três gerações da Escola de Frankfurt, a respeito dos componentes psicológicos de suas perspectivas e a maneira com que estes componentes influenciam a capacidade descritiva e normativa das teorias em geral nas quais eles estão incrustados. Através desta análise crítica de seus elementos psicanalíticos, a Dialética do esclarecimento surge como uma obra que, enquanto advogando para a libertação racional e instintiva da opressão, não (...)
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  6. Axel Honneth, Riconoscimento e conflitto di classe. Scritti 1979-1989.Eleonora Piromalli & Axel Honneth - 2011 - Milano MI, Italia: Mimesis Edizioni.
    Questo volume raccoglie alcuni dei più importanti scritti pubblicati da Axel Honneth nel periodo precedente a "Lotta per il riconoscimento". Essi documentano i passaggi fondamentali dell'itinerario filosofico attraverso il quale Honneth è giunto ad elaborare la sua teoria del riconoscimento: le riflessioni sul lavoro sociale e sul conflitto di classe svolte in un orizzonte di pensiero ancora marxista, l'interlocuzione con la teoria di Habermas, l'indagine sulle forme della moralità quotidiana, il progressivo emergere della "logica morale del riconoscimento". Tutti questi elementi, (...)
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  7. Una democrazia inclusiva. Il modello di Iris Marion Young.Eleonora Piromalli - 2017 - Milano MI, Italia: Mimesis Edizioni.
    Iris Marion Young (1949-2006), originaria di New York, è considerata una delle voci più importanti della recente filosofia politica, sociale e di genere. A partire dal 1990 Young ha sviluppato un modello di democrazia denominato deep democracy, nel quale interagiscono apporti provenienti dalla teoria critica, dalle politiche dell'identità e della differenza, dalla fenomenologia e dalle teorie dell'intersoggettività; esso mira a rendere più profonde e complete l'inclusione sociale, la partecipazione collettiva e le basi di parità dei cittadini sia rispetto a quanto (...)
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  8. Progress, Emancipation, Hope: Rethinking Critical Theory Through Memories as Counternarratives.Silvia Pierosara - forthcoming - Constellations.
  9. Susan Buck-Morss – Voz filosófica que, sin duda, necesita ser escuchada.Montserrat Crespin Perales - 2017 - UOC-ARTS I HUMANITATS.
    Filosofía con imágenes, imágenes con filosofía Estanterías, libros, novedades editoriales…y muchas veces un sentimiento de desasosiego frente a nombres y grupos de novísimos filósofos y filósofas de los que no se sabe si, con el tiempo, pasarán a olvidarse como estrellas fugaces o serán constelaciones duraderas. Y, entre el cambio de estaciones, de modas y catálogos, algún nombre que se descubre por casualidad y que pasa a formar parte personal de aquellas voces filosóficas que, sin duda, necesitan ser escuchadas, a (...)
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  10. Max Scheler's Critical Theory: The Idea of Critical Phenomenology.Eric J. Mohr - 2014 - Dissertation, Duquesne University
    I explore the critical significance of the phenomenological notion of intuition. I argue that there is no meaning that is originally formal-conceptual. The meanings of concepts function as symbolic approximations to original nonconceptual, intuitive givens. However, the meaning content originally intuitively given in lived experience has a tendency to be lost in pursuit of universalizability and communicability of conceptual content. Over time, conceptual approximations lose their reference to the experience that had given them their meaning in the first place. The (...)
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  11. Gerechtigkeit, Rationalität, und das gute Leben. [REVIEW]Dorothea Gädeke - 2014 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Literatur 2:20-27.
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  12. Social Work as Revolutionary Praxis? The Contribution to Critical Practice of Cornelius Castoriadis’s Political Philosophy.Phillip Ablett & Christine Morley - 2019 - Critical and Radical Social Work 7 (3): 333-348.
    Social work is a contested tradition, torn between the demands of social governance and autonomy. Today, this struggle is reflected in the division between the dominant, neoliberal agenda of service provision and the resistance offered by various critical perspectives employed by disparate groups of practitioners serving diverse communities. Critical social work challenges oppressive conditions and discourses, in addition to addressing their consequences in individuals’ lives. However, very few recent critical theorists informing critical social work have advocated revolution. A challenging exception (...)
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  13. Jean Starobinski and the Critical Gaze.Peter Shum - 2019 - Interdisciplinary Literary Studies 21 (3):338-358.
    This paper explores Jean Starobinski's often tacit conception of the implied author, with a view to clarifying his intellectual legacy for literary criticism. It argues that it is plausible to trace a certain strand in the intellectual genealogy of Starobinski's literary theory from the descriptive psychology of Wilhelm Dilthey to twentieth-century psychoanalysis and phenomenology. Accordingly, the question "Who is Jean Starobinski?" is formulated in a sense which seeks to move beyond the bare facticity of biographical detail, a sense that can (...)
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  14. Ideology, Critique, and Social Structures.Matteo Bianchin - forthcoming - Critical Horizons:1-13.
    On Jaeggi’s reading, the immanent and progressive features of ideology critique are rooted in the connection between its explanatory and its normative tasks. I argue that this claim can be cashed out in terms of the mechanisms involved in a functional explanation of ideology and that stability plays a crucial role in this connection. On this reading, beliefs can be said to be ideological if (a) they have the function of supporting existing social practices, (b) they are the output of (...)
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  15. Wittgenstein's Ladder - Political Theology.Mehmet Karabela - 2019 - Political Theology Network.
    …I see my list on political theology functioning like Wittgenstein’s ladder metaphor in his Tractatus. Once graduate students read and grasp these important texts, they should “throw away the ladder”, so to speak, and deconstruct all they have learned about political theology to illuminate contemporary problems on their own. Once they reach the top, they can throw away the ladder.
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  16. Homo Touristicus, or the Jargon of Authenticity 2.0.Gregory Morgan Swer - 2019 - South African Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):210-218.
    Abstract This paper argues that the concept of authenticity has evolved since the time of Adorno’s critique in The Jargon of Authenticity, and that an analysis of tourism offers a way of grasping the altered status of the concept of authenticity and its current ideological function in the contemporary capitalist system. It is suggested that authenticity no longer refers to an existential state, but instead to a purchased experiential moment. This paper traces the alterations in the understanding of existential authenticity (...)
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  17. Introduction: From Adorno to Azania - Critical Theory Reloaded.Gregory Morgan Swer & Ewa Latecka - 2019 - South African Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):123-126.
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  18. De la Trascendencia del Arte, Un Ensayo para el Arte Crítico.Markel Kortabarria - 2019 - Bilbao, Biscay, Spain: Hýbris.
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  19. History and Ideality in Husserl, Derrida, and the Critical Theory Tradition.Samuel J. Oliver - 2019 - Dissertation, University of Essex
    The question of how to identify a sound normative basis for critique has troubled the Frankfurt School tradition of Critical Theory since its inception. Many thinkers in the Critical Theory tradition wish to avoid treating the normative ground as an abstract and ahistorical in-itself, and to connect it to concrete historical reality. It is, however, very difficult to do this without reducing the normative ground to a merely contingent historical fact, erasing its normative force and relativizing critique. It seems that (...)
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  20. Socialism Through Convergence, Or: Why a Socialist Society Does Not Need to Be a Fraternal Community.Eleonora Piromalli - 2019 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 45 (6):665-672.
    In this article, first of all, I point out the difference I perceive between the conception of social freedom Honneth delineates in Freedom’s Right and the one, inspired by the proto-socialists’ pr...
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  21. Axel Honneth e i presupposti della reificazione.Matteo Gargani - 2018 - Consecutio Rerum 2 (4):279-300.
    The aim of this paper is to deal with some aspects of Axel Honneth’s reading of reification faced in his 2005 Verdinglichung. Eine Anerkennungstheoretische Studie. To this purpose, I critically analyse the interpretation of Marx by Lukács as it is expressed in Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. Secondly, I claim that Lukács’ fetishism analysis is grounded in a significant misunderstanding of the core issue of Marx’s Critique of political economy. Furthermore, I suggest that Honneth’s reification concept uncritically accepts, (...)
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  22. A Critique of New Materialism: Ethics and Ontology.Paul Rekret - 2016 - Subjectivity 9 (3):225-245.
    This article seeks to offer a critical assessment of the conception of ethics underlying the growing constellation of ‘new materialist’ social theories. It argues that such theories offer little if any purchase in understanding the contemporary transformations of relations between mind and body or human and non-human natures. Taking as exemplary the work of Jane Bennett, Rosi Braidotti, and Karen Barad, this article asserts that a continuity between ethics and ontology is central to recent theories of ‘materiality’. These theories assert (...)
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  23. Financial Neoliberalism and Exclusion with and Beyond Foucault.Tim Christiaens - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (4):95-116.
    In the beginning of the 1970s, Michel Foucault dismisses the terminology of ‘exclusion’ for his projected analytics of modern power. This rejection has had major repercussions on the theory of neoliberal subject-formation. Many researchers disproportionately stress how neoliberal dispositifs produce entrepreneurial subjects, albeit in different ways, while minimizing how these dispositifs sometimes emphatically refuse to produce neoliberal subjects. Relying on Saskia Sassen’s work on financialization, I argue that neoliberal dispositifs not only apply entrepreneurial norms, but also suspend their application for (...)
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  24. Performing Agency Theory and the Neoliberalization of the State.Tim Christiaens - forthcoming - Critical Sociology.
    According to Streeck and Vogl, the neoliberalization of the state has been the result of political-economic developments that render the state dependent on financial markets. However, they do not explain the discursive shifts that would have been required for demoting the state to the role of an agent to bondholders. I propose to explain this shift via the performative effect of neoliberal agency theory. In 1976, Michael Jensen and William Meckling claimed that corporate managers are agents to shareholding principals, which (...)
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  25. From the Margins of the Neoliberal University: Notes Toward Nomadic Literary Studies.Neil Vallelly - 2019 - Poetics Today 40 (1):59-79.
    Literary studies are living a nomadic existence on the margins of the neoliberal university, forced to adapt to the needs of more profitable disciplines and the insidious marketization of higher education to find an intellectual home. By drawing on Rosi Braidotti’s nomadic theory, this article situates the current state of literary studies in the wider networks of power relations that differentially distribute nomadic experiences in the contemporary world. The article begins with an examination of the contradictions of nomadic mobility in (...)
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  26. Critical Theory and Hedonism: The Central Role of Aristippus of Kyrene for Theodor W. Adorno’s Thought.Manuel Dr Knoll - 2017 - In Francesca Eustacchi & Maurizio Migliori (eds.), Per la rinascita di un pensiero critico contemporaneo. Il contributo degli antichi (Askesis. Studi di filosofia antica). Udine/Milan: Askesis. pp. 219–231.
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  27. Aristotle’s Anthropological Machine and Slavery.Tim Christiaens - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):239-262.
    Among the most controversial aspects of Aristotle’s philosophy is his endorsement of slavery. Natural slaves are excluded from political citizenship on ontological grounds and are thus constitutively unable to achieve the good life, identified with the collective cultivation of logos in the polis. Aristotle explicitly acknowledges their humanity, yet frequently emphasizes their proximity to animals. It is the latter that makes them purportedly unfit for the polis. I propose to use Agamben’s theory of the anthropological machine to make sense of (...)
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  28. The Silent Space of the Vacuum.Jonathan Morgan - 2019 - Religious Theory.
    In this paper I argue that a reimagining of the notion of silence as more than a sonic phenomenon is needed to address the dominant structural apparati of Western discourse. Silence as an existential medium is where the Foucauldian apparatuses that power the status-quo of the world operate. They forge connections between things like ideology and social organization where one falls into the wake of the other and is shaped in a way that is nearly invisible to the passing glance. (...)
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  29. Dall’economia del debito all’economia dell’angoscia: Il paradigma dell’indebitamento al tempo dell’austerity.Andrea Mura - 2015 - LETTERa: Quaderni di Clinica E Cultura Psicoanalitica 5:193-210.
  30. Neoliberalism and the Right to Be Lazy: Inactivity as Resistance in Lazzarato and Agamben.Tim Christiaens - 2018 - Rethinking Marxism 2 (30):256-274.
    Neoliberalism has installed an unending competitive struggle in the economy. Within this context activists have pushed for a reappraisal of laziness and inactivity as forms of resistance. This idea has been picked up by Maurizio Lazzarato and Giorgio Agamben in different ways. I start with explaining the former’s appraisal of laziness as a release of potentialities unrealizable under financial capitalism. Lazzarato’s appraisal of laziness however resembles neoliberal theories of innovation, because both share the conceptual persona of a subject whose potentialities (...)
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  31. Craft Theory And The Creation Of A New Capitalism.Jonathan Morgan - 2018 - The New Polis.
    This paper challenges the notion that the only way to progress to a post-capitalist society is through the wholesale destruction of the capitalist economic system. Instead, I argue that Craft —an existential state and praxis informed by the creation and maintenance of objects of utility—is uniquely situated to effectively reclaim these systems due to its its focus on materiality over abstraction and its unique position as a socially aware form of praxis. This argument focuses not on competition, but on hyper-abstraction (...)
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  32. Rezension von Ulrich Bröckling: Gute Hirten führen sanft. Über Menschenregierungskünste. [REVIEW]Benedict Kenyah-Damptey - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Literatur 6:56-64.
    This is a review of Urlich Bröckling's book (2017) "Gute Hirten führen sanft. Über Menschenregierungskünste." (which can be roughly translated as: "Good shepherds lead gently. On the arts of governing humans") Bröckling's book collects new essays, as well as already elsewhere published works, which have been revised for this book. On 422 pages the author presents his sociology of governing humans through gouvernementality, which is a worth reading contribution to the governmentality studies. The book is divided into three main sections: (...)
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  33. A Festival for Frustrated Egos: The Rise of Trump From an Early Frankfurt School Critical Theory Perspective.Claudia Leeb - 2018 - In Marc Benjamin Sable & Angel Jaramillo Torres (eds.), Trump and Political Philosophy: Patriotism, Cosmopolitanism and Civic Virtue. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 297-314.
    This chapter combines the insights of Sigmund Freud and Theodor W. Adorno to explain some of the psychoanalytic mechanisms that contributed to a scenario where people voted for a leader who undermines their very existence. Trump successfully exploited feelings of failure of the millions of Americans who have not been able to live up to the liberal capitalist ideology of success. By replacing their ego ideal with that of their leader, Trump voters could get rid of the frustration and discontent (...)
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  34. The Persistence of Self-Enclosure in the Whole-Part Relationship: The Case of Husserl and Kracauer.Vedran Grahovac - 2016 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 5 (1):194-213.
    In this text I suggest the possibility of the strategic-philosophical closeness between Husserl and Kracauer,by closely reading Husserl’s Third Logical Investigation and Kracauer’s essay «The Mass Ornament». Although the both thinkers come from the traditionally different and often mutually opposing philosophical schools, neither of them simply dismisses or crosses out the position they criticize. To the contrary, I propose that both thinkers exaggerate the seeming self-evidentiality of the phenomenon they analyze. In the Third Logical Investigation Husserl rearticulates the whole-part relation (...)
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  35. Per una fenomenologia dell'alienazione sul lavoro. A partire dai Manoscritti economico-filosofici.Eleonora Piromalli - 2018 - Società Degli Individui 62:43-46.
    I Manoscritti economico-filosofici di Marx sono stati, fin dalla loro pubblicazione nel 1932, un importante riferimento per le successive riflessioni sull’alienazione nell’ambito del lavoro. Essi sono però, e non da oggi, anche l’oggetto di aspre critiche di essenzialismo. L’obiettivo di questo breve contributo è mostrare come, più di 170 dopo la loro composizione, i Manoscritti marxiani ci offrano ancora una preziosa traccia per delineare una fenomenologia dell’alienazione nell’ambito del lavoro contemporaneo.
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  36. Recognition and Power in Honneth’s Critical Theory of Recognition.Kristina Lepold - forthcoming - Critical Horizons.
    Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition has recently been criticised on the grounds that it conceives of the relationship between recognition and power in terms of an opposition. According to Honneth’s critics, this is too simple because recognition and power are often intertwined. My aim in this article is twofold: On the one hand, I seek to understand why Honneth conceives of recognition and power as opposed. As I will argue, this is not the result of bad theorising; rather, there are (...)
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  37. Axel Honneths Neubegründung der kritischen Gesellschaftstheorie: Die kritische Theorie der Anerkennung.Kristina Lepold - 2017 - In Sven Ellmers & Philip Hogh (eds.), Warum Kritik? Begründungsformen kritischer Theorie. Weilerswist, Deutschland: pp. 281-300.
    In der gegenwärtigen Debatte um Kritik und spezifischer um verschiedene Begründungsformen der kritischen Theorie spielt die kritische Theorie der Anerkennung, wie sie von Axel Honneth über die letzten 25 Jahre entwickelt worden ist, eine zentrale Rolle. Diese Theorie soll im vorliegenden Beitrag vorgestellt werden. Um den Aufbau und die Funktionsweise dieser Theorie richtig zu verstehen, ist es unabdingbar, sich zunächst zu vergegenwärtigen, wie sich Honneth in der Tradition der kritischen Gesellschaftstheorie positioniert, also innerhalb jenes Theorieprojekts, das seine Wurzeln bei Hegel (...)
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  38. Genealogies of Terrorism: Revolution, State Violence, Empire.Verena Erlenbusch-Anderson - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: Columbia University Press.
    What is terrorism? What ought we to do about it? And why is it wrong? We think we have clear answers to these questions. But acts of violence, like U.S. drone strikes that indiscriminately kill civilians, and mass shootings that become terrorist attacks when suspects are identified as Muslim, suggest that definitions of terrorism are always contested. In Genealogies of Terrorism, Verena Erlenbusch-Anderson rejects attempts to define what terrorism is in favor of a historico-philosophical investigation into the conditions under which (...)
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  39. Aristotle’s Anthropological Machine and Slavery in Advance.Tim Christiaens - forthcoming - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy.
    Among the most controversial aspects of Aristotle’s philosophy is his endorsement of slavery. Natural slaves are excluded from political citizenship on ontological grounds and are thus constitutively unable to achieve the good life, identified with the collective cultivation of logos in the polis. Aristotle explicitly acknowledges their humanity, yet frequently emphasizes their proximity to animals. It is the latter that makes them purportedly unfit for the polis. I propose to use Agamben’s theory of the anthropological machine to make sense of (...)
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  40. Mimesis, Critique, Redemption: Creaturely Life in and Beyond Dialectic of Enlightenment.J. F. Dorahy - 2014 - Colloquy 27.
    The idea of creaturely life has, in recent years, emerged as an important and illuminating category of literary and philosophical critique. In this paper I seek to contribute to this contemporary discourse by examining the references to the creaturely found in the writings of T.W. Adorno. Whilst much attention has been paid to Walter Benjamin’s reflections on creatureliness, Adorno, a thinker with whom Benjamin is often associated, has received comparatively little in this regard. I begin to redress this lacuna by (...)
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  41. Towards an Immanent Conception of Economic Agency: Or, A Speech on Metaphysics to its Cultured Despisers.Christopher Yeomans & Justin Litaker - 2017 - Hegel Bulletin 38 (2):241-265.
    When it comes to social criticism of the economy, Critical Theory has thus far failed to discover specific immanent norms in that sphere of activity. In response, we propose that what is needed is to double down on the idealism of Critical Theory by taking seriously the sophisticated structure of agency developed in Hegel’s own account of freedom as self-determination. When we do so, we will see that the anti-metaphysical gestures of recent Critical Theory work in opposition to its attempts (...)
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  42. Foucault lesen.Frieder Vogelmann - 2016 - Wiesbaden, Deutschland: Springer.
    "Foucault lesen" [Reading Foucault] proposes a systematic and philosophical readig of Foucaut’s work: Systematically, I emphasize Foucault’s methodological perspective as a nihilistic, nominalistic and historicistic analysis of practices and the realities produced by them. This analysis proceeds along the three axes of knowledge, power and self-relations. I explore the consequences of this interpretation regarding the debates about Foucault’s concept of critique, his attack on the science humaines and his stance vis-à-vis neoliberalism. My interpretation amounts to a philosophical reading because it (...)
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  43. Book ReviewsNancy Fraser,, and Axel Honneth,. Redistribution or Recognition? A Political‐Philosophical Exchange. Translated by Joel Golb, James Ingram, and Christiane Wilke.London: Verso, 2003. Pp. Ix+276. $60.00 ; $22.00. [REVIEW]Thomas McCarthy - 2005 - Ethics 115 (2):397-402.
  44. The Symbolic Scenarios of Islamism: A Study in Islamic Political Thought.Andrea Mura - 2016 - Routledge.
    The Symbolic Scenarios of Islamism initiates a dialogue between the discourse of three of the most discussed figures in the history of the Sunni Islamic movement—Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, and Osama bin Laden—and contemporary debates across religion and political theory, providing a crucial foundation upon which to situate current developments in world politics. Redressing the inefficiency of the terms in which the debate on Islam and Islamism is generally conducted, the book examines the role played by tradition, modernity, and transmodernity (...)
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  45. Recognition Reconsidered: A Re-Reading of Heidegger’s Being And Time §26.Lauren Freeman - 2009 - Philosophy Today 53 (1):85-99.
    This article argues that notwithstanding Martin Heidegger’s explicit intentions to the contrary, his existential analysis in Being and Time provides more than the mere conditions for the possibility of ethics. More specifically, Heidegger’s account of solicitude, where he distinguishes between leaping in for and leaping ahead of the other, can be read as an account of recognition that has normative implications. This account is developed in light of both Charles Taylor and Axel Honneth’s positions on recognition. It is concluded that (...)
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  46. Critical Theory, the War on Terror, and the Limits of Civilization: Holy Terror, by Terry Eagleton. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. 160 Pp. $22 . Thinking Past Terror: Islamism and Critical Theory on the Left, by Susan Buck-Morss. London: Verso, 2003. 160 Pp. $22 . Defending Ideals: War, Democracy and Political Struggles, by Drucilla Cornell. New York: Routledge, 2004. 256 Pp. $25.95. [REVIEW]Yves Winter - 2007 - Political Theory 35 (2):207-214.
  47. Critical Theory, the War on Terror, and the Limits of Civilization: Holy Terror, by Terry Eagleton. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. 160 Pp. $22 . Thinking Past Terror: Islamism and Critical Theory on the Left, by Susan Buck-Morss. London: Verso, 2003. 160 Pp. $22 . Defending Ideals: War, Democracy and Political Struggles, by Drucilla Cornell. New York: Routledge, 2004. 256 Pp. $25.95. [REVIEW]Yves Winter - 2007 - Political Theory 35 (2):207-214.
  48. Review Essay : Thinking About Nature: Stephen Vogel, Against Nature: The Concept of Nature in Critical Theory (Albany, Ny: Suny Press, 1996.Robert E. Innis - 1998 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (5):127-136.
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  49. Beyond Dignity and Difference.Maeve Cooke - 2009 - European Journal of Political Theory 8 (1):76-95.
    Revisiting Taylor's 1992 account of the politics of recognition, I argue that he is right to discern a strand in contemporary politics that goes beyond the demand for recognition of dignity. Against Taylor I contend that this is best understood as a concern not for recognition of difference but for the value of something that is not universally shared, such as a particular ethical conception, cultural tradition or religious belief and practice. Using the examples of three social movements I show (...)
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  50. Recognition, Needs and Wrongness.Arto Laitinen - 2009 - European Journal of Political Theory 8 (1):13-30.
    `Due recognition is a vital human need', argues Charles Taylor. In this article I explore this oft-quoted claim from two complementary and equally appealing perspectives. The bottom—up approach is constructed around Axel Honneth's theory of recognition, and the top—down approach is exemplified by T. M. Scanlon's brief remarks about mutual recognition. The former can be summed up in the slogan `wronging by misrecognizing', the latter in the slogan `misrecognizing by wronging'. Together they provide two complementary readings of the claim that (...)
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